City of Lake Mills, WI
Jefferson County
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Table of Contents
Table of Contents
A. 
General.
(1) 
Any accessory use or structure shall conform to the applicable regulations of the district in which it is located except as specifically otherwise provided.
(2) 
No accessory use or structure shall be permitted that by reason of noise, dust, odor, appearance, or other objectionable factor creates a nuisance or substantial adverse effect on the property value or reasonable enjoyment of the surrounding properties.
(3) 
Accessory structures shall reflect or compliment the character or materials of the primary structure.
(4) 
In all districts, any permanent roofed structure serving an accessory use if attached to the principal building shall be considered as part of such principal building for all regulatory purposes. If such structure is a building and is not attached to the principal building, it shall conform to the building location, height, and open space requirements of the district in which such building is located.
(5) 
Time of construction. No accessory building or structure shall be constructed on any lot prior to the time of construction of the principal building to which it is accessory, unless expressly permitted by the Zoning Board of Appeals.
(6) 
Use of accessory buildings or structures: No accessory building or structure may be used for living quarters except as approved as a guest house under § 660-68.
[Amended 11-6-2018 by Ord. No. 1197A]
(7) 
Notwithstanding Subsection E, no accessory building may be erected in or encroach upon the required side yard of a corner lot which is adjacent to the street, nor upon the required side yard of a reversed corner lot which is adjacent to the street.
B. 
Residential districts. Detached accessory structures located on parcels in a residence district where the principal use is present, including guest houses and excepting boat houses, shall be permitted subject to the following:
[Amended 11-6-2018 by Ord. No. 1197A]
(1) 
Placement of accessory buildings or structures. Accessory buildings or structures shall be situated in the rear or interior side yard, and they may not have a setback from the front lot line that is less than the setback of the principal building.
(2) 
Percentage of rear yard occupied. In residential districts, the cumulative area of all accessory buildings or structures shall not exceed 30% of the rear yard.
(3) 
Maximum size of accessory buildings and structures. In all residential districts the maximum size of an accessory building or structure on a property may not exceed 1,200 square feet, nor shall the cumulative aggregate square footage of all accessory structures on a property exceed 1,200 square feet, unless such accessory building or structure is part of an approved site plan for a multifamily residential use or a boat house as approved under § 660-33.
(4) 
Height of accessory buildings and structures. No detached accessory building or structure shall exceed the height of the principal building or structure.
(5) 
Number. The total number of accessory structures permitted on a lot shall not be limited, except that the aggregate square footage of the accessory structures shall not exceed the regulations outlined in Subsection B(3) above.
(6) 
Use restricted. No private garage in a residence district shall be used for operation of any metalworking, woodworking, masonry, carpentry, contracting, or repair business except as a permitted accessory use or home occupation.
C. 
Boathouses. Properties within the LRO, Lakeshore Residence Overlay District, are permitted one boathouse, as an accessory structure, subject to provisions contained in § 660-33.
D. 
Agricultural districts and uses. Detached accessory structures located on parcels in the RD District, where said parcels are equal or greater than five acres in area, are subject to the regulations of the district pursuant to Article III.
E. 
Business and industrial districts. Detached accessory structures located on parcels in any Business or Industrial Zoning District where the principal use is present shall conform to the bulk requirements of the zoning district.
A. 
Purpose. The purpose of this section is to regulate the materials, location, height and maintenance of fencing, landscaping walls and decorative posts (such as entry pillars, bollards, or columns) in order to prevent the creation of nuisances and to promote the general welfare of the public.
B. 
Permit. An approved zoning permit from the Zoning Enforcement Officer shall be required for all fences regulated by this chapter.
C. 
Applicability. The requirements of this section apply to all fencing, landscape walls and decorative posts equal to, or exceeding, 30 inches in height, for all land uses and activities.
D. 
Standards.
(1) 
Materials.
(a) 
Residential districts. Acceptable materials for constructing fencing, and decorative posts include wood, stone, brick, wrought iron, chain link, and wire mesh, except that wire-mesh fencing is not permitted within required front yard or street yard areas or around swimming pools. Any fence within a street yard, including along property lines that intersect a right-of-way, shall be a maximum of 50% opaque.
(b) 
Nonresidential districts. Acceptable materials for constructing fencing and decorative posts include wood, stone, brick, wrought iron, chain link, and wire mesh. Barbed-wire fencing is permitted to create a security fence, at heights equal to or greater than 10 feet. Any fence within a street yard, including along property lines that intersect a right-of-way, shall be a maximum of 50% opaque.
(c) 
Temporary fencing. Temporary fencing, including the use of wood or plastic snow fences for the purposes of limiting snow drifting between November 1 and April 1, the protection of excavation and construction sites, and the protection of plants during grading and construction, and for security fencing of permitted temporary use or temporary outdoor entertainment areas, is permitted. Fencing for excavation sites shall be a minimum of 48 inches in height.
(d) 
Snow fences. Snow fences constructed of wood and wire and/or plastic shall be permitted only as temporary fences.
(2) 
Location. On all properties, no fence or decorative post shall be located closer than one foot to the right-of-way line. Fences may be located on any property line abutting a side or rear yard, unless the lot is developed as a twin home, in which case no fence may be built on the interior common lot line lying within the front setback area.
(3) 
Maximum height. The maximum height of any fence or decorative post shall be the following:
(a) 
Four feet when located within a required front yard or required street yard on any property;
(b) 
Six feet when located on any residentially zoned property, but not within a required front yard or a required street yard; and
(c) 
Six feet when located on any nonresidential zoned property, but not within a required front yard or a required street yard, except that security fences may exceed this height.
(d) 
The maximum heights listed for Subsection D(3)(a) through (c), above, may be exceeded with the approval of a conditional use permit per § 660-195. The following conditions (at a minimum) shall be established for such requests:
[1] 
The increase in height shall in no way further obstruct vision for intersecting streets, driveways, sidewalks or other traffic areas;
[2] 
The fence shall be screened on its external side with adequate plants to maintain an attractive appearance to said side;
[3] 
The fence shall be set back from the property line beyond the requirement of Subsection D(2), above, such distance as appropriate to contain adequate landscaping per Subsection D(2) above and to maintain an attractive relationship to fence's external side.
(4) 
Orientation. Any and all fences or decorative posts shall be erected so as to locate visible supports and other structural components toward the subject property.
(5) 
Maintenance. All fences or decorative posts shall be maintained in a structurally sound and attractive manner.
(6) 
Swimming pools. Fencing of swimming pools shall be as set forth in § 660-64I.
Retaining walls may be permitted anywhere on the lot; provided, however, that no individual wall shall exceed six feet in height, and a terrace of at least three feet in width shall be provided between any series of such walls. Landscape walls may also be permitted anywhere on the lot; however, when situated in a front yard or street yard, shall not exceed a height of four feet and shall be constructed in such a way, so that, by means of spaces between wall components or spaces that are part of the wall itself, opacity does not exceed 50%. Both retaining walls and landscape wall shall be no closer than three feet to the right-of-way without approval of the Public Works Director.
All satellite dishes or antennas located in the City of Lake Mills shall conform to the following regulations contained herein:
A. 
Size. Satellite dishes or antennas shall not exceed a diameter of two feet unless approved by the Plan Commission.
[Amended at time of adoption of Code (see Ch. 1, General Provisions, Art. I)]
B. 
Location. All dishes and antennas shall be located at least 10 feet from a side or rear property line. Dishes and antennas shall not be located between the public right-of-way and the principal structure. On corner lots, the dish or antenna shall not be located closer to the street than the principal structure (that portion of the principal structure closest to the street).
C. 
Screening. All ground- or pole-mounted satellite dishes or antennas shall be screened from view from any street by an opaque fence, wall or hedge of a minimum of six feet in height.
A. 
Structures six inches or more in height. Structures not classified as buildings and six inches or more in height from the surface of the ground shall be subject to the setback, offset, height, open space, and architectural requirements of this chapter except as may be specifically otherwise provided.
B. 
Children's play houses and structures. Play structures, houses, swing sets, and other similar structures shall be specifically exempt from the regulations of this chapter.
C. 
Underground buildings and structures. Any structure classified as a building and not extending more than six inches above the surface of the ground shall not be subject to the setback, offset, building size, or open space requirements of this chapter.
A. 
General.
(1) 
All business, sales, service, storage and display of goods, manufacturing, and repairs shall be conducted wholly within enclosed buildings, except where a permanent or temporary outdoor use is specifically allowed by this chapter.
(2) 
All outdoor uses shall comply with the provisions for site plan review and approval outlined in § 660-205 of this chapter before the zoning, occupancy, and building permits can be issued.
B. 
Outdoor dining.
(1) 
Permanent outdoor dining shall be permitted only as an accessory use to a restaurant or when specifically permitted in conjunction with a temporary use as outlined in Chapter 548, Sidewalk Cafes, of the Code of the City of Lake Mills.
(2) 
Outdoor dining areas shall not be located in a required yard abutting any residential district.
C. 
Outdoor entertainment. Outdoor Entertainment shall be permitted only as an accessory use to a restaurant, tavern, or brewery, except as a temporary use in accordance with § 660-29B.
D. 
Outdoor sales. This subsection regulates outdoor sales areas that are used for longer periods of time than temporary outdoor sales areas permitted in § 660-29B(1), whether permanent or seasonal. These outdoor sales areas are permitted only if allowed by the regulations of the zoning district in which the lot is located, and shall conform to the following requirements:
(1) 
Approval. Outdoor sales shall be permitted by conditional use in accordance with § 660-195.
(2) 
Location. Outdoor sales shall not be conducted within 50 feet of any residential zoning district unless screened from view. Outdoor sales shall be conducted only within the designated area.
(3) 
Screening. Screening shall consist of an opaque barrier of landscaping, walls, fencing, berms or other methods sufficient in density and height to mitigate sight lines and noise as much as practicable from the lot line of any lot in a residential zoning district, and from the street.
(4) 
Maintenance. Outdoor sales areas and the surrounding premises shall be maintained in an orderly manner, free of litter and other refuse. Storage of goods for sale shall be no more than five feet in height. Outdoor sales shall not obstruct required access to buildings or parking spaces on the site, or to adjoining property.
(5) 
Additional provisions. See § 660-29B for additional provisions applicable to temporary outdoor sales.
E. 
Outdoor storage.
(1) 
Approval. Outdoor storage for all nonresidential land uses shall be permitted by conditional use in accordance with § 660-195.
(2) 
Location. Outdoor storage shall not be permitted in a required yard.
(3) 
Visibility. Outdoor storage shall not be visible from any:
(a) 
Public street or freeway;
(b) 
Existing or planned residential area;
(c) 
Publicly accessible open space area, parking area, access driveway, or other similar thoroughfare;
(d) 
Publicly accessible space of any public, quasi-public, commercial or industrial use; or
(e) 
Undeveloped property where public access to areas adjoining the outdoor storage use is likely.
(4) 
Screening. The following minimum screening requirements shall apply to outdoor storage adjacent to or potentially visible from public streets and publicly accessible areas identified in Subsection E(3) of this section:
(a) 
A solid masonry wall or opaque fence not more than eight feet high. Screening walls and fences shall be architecturally compatible with the principal structure.
(b) 
No storage may exceed the height of the screening wall or fence.
(c) 
Screening landscaping in the street frontage yard, located in front of the wall or fence, to soften the view shall be required.
(d) 
No screening wall or fence shall be located within a required yard.
(5) 
Surfacing. Outdoor storage areas shall be located on a concrete or bituminous surface draining to an approved stormwater management system. Outdoor storage areas may be surfaced with partially permeable materials with Plan Commission approval.
A. 
RVs, trailers or boats not meeting the standards set forth in this section shall not be stored in any residential district, except that a trailer may be used, in accordance with § 660-29B(6) of this chapter, as a temporary office or storage space incidental to construction.
B. 
RVs and trailers shall not be permitted in any district as accessory buildings. An RV or trailer shall not be used as a dwelling, storage, or accessory building, except that an RV may be parked or occupied for lodging purposes on the same lot as a dwelling for not more than 10 days in any consecutive thirty-day period.
C. 
An RV, trailer or boat shall not be stored in connection with a business conducted at the location.
D. 
A stored RV, trailer or boat shall be maintained in mobile condition. No major construction or repair of a stored trailer or boat shall be performed on a lot used for residential purposes.
E. 
The state license plates and display title shall be current and properly displayed. The lot owner shall have, and display upon request to authorized City officials, proof of ownership of any stored RV, trailer or boat.
F. 
A boat, RV, or trailer shall not be parked or stored in such manner as to create a dangerous or unsafe condition on the lot. Parking or storage in such fashion that it may readily tip or roll shall be considered a dangerous and unsafe condition. The boat, RV, or trailer shall not be stored with flammable liquids aboard in portable containers.
G. 
No trailer or boat stored in a residential district shall exceed: 10 feet in height as parked, including trailer cradle or mount, but excluding mast; 30 feet in body length, excluding trailer hitch, tongue, and bumper; and nine feet in body width, excluding hardware.
H. 
An RV, trailer, or boat stored in a residential district shall be located only:
(1) 
Between the rear lot line and the front setback line, within the rear yard or interior side yard; and
(2) 
Not less than six feet from any principal structure, and no less than three feet from any lot line.
I. 
No animal transport trailer shall be stored in any residential district.
A. 
Location. Firewood shall not be stored in the front yard on residentially zoned property, and may not be located closer than three feet to any lot line, except when stacked against a fence in accordance with Subsection B below.
B. 
Stacking. Firewood should be neatly stacked and may not be stacked higher than five feet from grade, except adjacent to a fence, where firewood can be stacked against the fence as high as the fence. Fences as used in this section shall not include hedges and other vegetation.
C. 
Nuisance. Woodpiles that contain diseased wood that is capable of transmitting disease to healthy trees and woodpiles that harbor or are infested or inhabited by rats or other vermin are public nuisances and may be abated pursuant to the provisions of the Municipal Code.
A. 
No open storage of construction materials, junk, refuse, scrap, or disabled or damaged motor vehicles shall occur in any zoning district. This limitation shall not apply to the open storage of materials actively being used for the construction or repair of a building or structure on the same property, provided that no such storage shall continue after completion of the construction or repairs. Nor shall this limitation apply to disabled or damaged motor vehicles awaiting repair at an automobile service station or vehicle sales, rental or servicing establishment.
B. 
Notwithstanding Subsection A above, open storage of construction materials is permitted in the PB, PI, I1, and I2 Districts as an accessory use when approved as a conditional use in accordance with the procedures and standards set forth in § 660-195 of this article. Any such materials in open storage shall be screened from the view of the street and abutting properties to a height of at least six feet by a solid fence and/or evergreen vegetation.
C. 
The keeping of inoperable motor vehicles in open storage shall be subject to forfeitures and removal by the Lake Mills Police Department in accordance with the Municipal Code.
A. 
Intent. The purpose of this section is to establish minimum requirements for the construction and placement of those structures intended for use for a period of less than 180 days and to safeguard the public health, safety, comfort and general welfare of the residents by ensuring that a temporary structure does not create an undesirable impact to nearby properties.
B. 
Use.
(1) 
Temporary structures shall not be used for vehicular storage, RV or trailer storage, marine equipment or for general storage purposes.
(2) 
Temporary structures shall not occupy any on-site parking spaces so as to reduce the number of parking spaces required by § 660-41 of this chapter.Nor shall such structures interfere with drive aisles, site ingress/egress, vision triangles, required setbacks, or required buffer yards.
(3) 
Temporary structures used for purposes of outdoor display and sales of merchandise shall only be permitted in the B2 and PB Districts.
C. 
Number. Only one temporary structure may be erected on a property at any one time unless additional structures are approved for special events by the City.
D. 
Time limits.
(1) 
No temporary structure may be erected for more than 72 hours without first obtaining a permit.
(2) 
No temporary structure may remain in place for more than 180 days in any twelve-month period.
E. 
Other conditions.
(1) 
Temporary structures must be affixed to the ground or a structure to prevent the wind from relocating the structure.
(2) 
Temporary structures greater than 400 square feet in floor area and erected for more than 180 days are regulated by the Wisconsin Building Code, require a building permit and must comply with all Zoning Code regulations.
F. 
Permit. A permit shall be required for all temporary structures, unless otherwise exempt. The owner or tenant must contact the Zoning Enforcement Officer and provide the name and address of the applicant, and the description and location of the structure to be erected prior to installation.
G. 
Exceptions. Tents or flies of less than 400 square feet in floor area, erected for recreational purposes.
H. 
Fees. No permit fee shall be required for a temporary structures erected for recreational purposes when located on property used for residential purposes.
I. 
Application requirements. Prior to the issuance of a permit to erect any temporary structure, the Code Enforcement Department shall approve all applications for the proposed temporary structure. The application shall contain the following:
(1) 
Application must be made on the forms provided by the Code Enforcement Department requesting approval and the term of said use.
(2) 
A site map of the subject property showing all lands for which the temporary structure is proposed as well as all other lands within 200 feet of the boundaries of the subject property.
(3) 
The site map shall clearly indicate the existing structures on the subject property and its environs including all utilities, all lot dimensions, setbacks for the temporary structure, a graphic scale, and a North arrow.
(4) 
A written description of the proposed temporary use describing the type of activities and the type of structures proposed for the subject property.
J. 
Approval. The Code Enforcement Department must review the completed application in accordance with Subsection I of this section. A permit will be issued for any temporary structure that meets the requirements of this section.
A. 
General provisions.
(1) 
A permit shall be required for temporary uses allowed in this chapter, except that temporary uses operated or sponsored by a governmental entity and located on a lot owned by that entity do not require a permit, but shall otherwise be subject to the requirements of this chapter.
(2) 
The applicant shall submit a site plan or other suitable description to the Zoning Enforcement Officer, with any required permit fee. As a condition of permit issuance, the Zoning Enforcement Officer may require conformance with specific conditions regarding the operation of the temporary use as may be reasonably necessary to achieve the requirements of this chapter. If the Zoning Enforcement Officer finds that the applicable requirements have not been met, he may revoke the permit and may require the cessation of the temporary use. Where a permit for a temporary use has been revoked, no application for a new permit shall be approved within six months following revocation.
(3) 
All temporary uses, including but not limited to those enumerated in Subsection B below shall comply with the following requirements:
(a) 
No temporary use shall be established or conducted so as to cause a threat to the public health, safety, comfort, convenience and general welfare, either on or off the premises.
(b) 
Temporary uses shall comply with all requirements of the Municipal Code.
(c) 
Temporary uses shall not obstruct required fire lanes, access to buildings or utility equipment, or egress from buildings on the lot or on adjoining property.
(d) 
Temporary uses shall be conducted completely within the lot on which the principal use is located, unless the City Council authorizes the use of City-owned property or right-of-way.
(e) 
When a permit is required for a temporary use, the Zoning Enforcement Officer shall make an assessment of the number of parking spaces reasonably needed for the permanent uses on the lot where the proposed temporary use is to be located and the availability of other public and private parking facilities in the area. The Zoning Enforcement Officer may deny the permit for a temporary use if he finds that its operations will result in inadequate parking being available for permanent uses on the same lot that are not connected with the business proposing the temporary use.
(f) 
During the operation of the temporary use, the lot on which it is located shall be maintained in an orderly manner; shall be kept free of litter, debris, and other waste material, and all storage shall comply with the regulations outlined in §§ 660-22 and 660-84.
(g) 
Signs for a temporary use shall be permitted only in accordance with Article VI, Signage.
B. 
Permitted temporary uses.
(1) 
Temporary outdoor sales. Temporary outdoor sales shall be limited to three events within one calendar year per lot. These events shall be restricted to the following time limits: one event of not more than 90 days, and two events of not more than 30 days each.
(2) 
Public markets, farmers markets, and farm stands. Public markets, farmers markets, and farm stands shall be regulated in accordance with Chapter 512, Public Market, of the Code of the City of Lake Mills.
(3) 
Outdoor arts, crafts and plant shows, exhibits and sales. Outdoor arts, crafts and plant shows, exhibits and sales conducted by a nonprofit or charitable organization shall be permitted in any nonresidential zoning district, and may be conducted in addition to the time limits for outdoor sales areas for a period of not more than seven days.
(4) 
House, apartment, garage and yard sales. House, apartment, garage and yard sales are allowed in any residential district, when the offering for sale includes personal possessions of, or arts and crafts made by, the owner or occupant of the dwelling unit where the sale is being conducted; in addition, personal possessions of other neighborhood residents may also be offered for sale. Such uses shall be limited to a period not to exceed three consecutive days, and no more than two such sales shall be conducted from the same residence in any twelve-month period. A permit or prior approval of the City shall not be required for such uses.
(5) 
Temporary outdoor entertainment.
(a) 
Temporary outdoor entertainment shall be permitted as part of a community festival or an event hosted by the City, park district, school district, or other governmental body, or as a temporary accessory use to a private business use. When temporary outdoor entertainment is conducted as part of a community festival or event, no permit is required; when conducted as an accessory use to a business use, a permit is required.
[Amended at time of adoption of Code (see Ch. 1, General Provisions, Art. I)]
(b) 
The application for a permit for temporary outdoor entertainment shall be submitted a minimum of 30 days before the date that the outdoor entertainment event is to commence. A combined permit may be substituted for temporary use and temporary outdoor entertainment permits under this section. The applicant is encouraged to meet with the City staff to discuss the application and coordinate services that may be provided by the City. The Zoning Enforcement Officer may refuse to issue a permit for temporary outdoor entertainment when the application is received less than 30 days before the date that the entertainment is to commence, if he finds that there is inadequate time to review the application and arrange for the provision of necessary City services.
(c) 
A permit for temporary outdoor entertainment accessory to a business use shall be limited to a maximum of three days. The maximum cumulative time any business shall conduct temporary outdoor entertainment operations shall be 15 days per calendar year. The hours of operation shall be set in the permit.
(6) 
Temporary contractor trailers and real estate model units. Temporary contractor trailers and real estate sales trailers or model units shall be permitted in any zoning district when accessory to a construction project for which a building permit or site development permit has been issued. Such uses shall be limited to a period not to exceed the duration of the active construction phase of such project or the active selling and leasing of space in such development, as the case may be. No such use shall contain any sleeping or cooking accommodations, except those located in a model unit.
A. 
Use. The boathouse must be designed and used principally for the storage of boats and accessory marine equipment normally used in the daily activities of lakefront property and which typically includes a large overhead door for primary access on the side of the structure facing the water. Boathouses shall not be permitted to be connected to public utilities other than electricity.
B. 
Number. Only one boathouse shall be permitted on a lot.
C. 
Plat of survey. Submission of a plat of survey shall be required depicting the location and dimensions of all existing structures located on the premises, the distances between such structures and all lot lines, the height of any such structures, the ordinary high-water mark, the meander lines, structures on adjacent properties within 100 feet, and other information as required by the Plan Commission.
D. 
Timing of construction. A boathouse shall be considered an accessory building to a primary structure and shall not be constructed prior to construction of the principal building on a lot.
E. 
Location. The construction or placing of a boathouse below the ordinary high-water mark (OHWM) of any navigable waters is strictly prohibited. Boathouses shall be located a minimum of three feet from the OHWM, and a minimum distance from the side lot line that is equivalent to the side yard setback requirements for a principal structure within the zoning district. Boathouses shall be placed within the vision and access corridor if they are to be located within the shoreland buffer as set forth in § 660-34.
F. 
Height. The highest point of the roof elevation shall not be more than the vertical measurement of 12 feet above the lowest elevation of the boathouse structure. Any railing on the roof may not exceed 3.5 feet and such railing may not be solid in appearance.
G. 
Size. Boathouses shall not exceed 400 square feet in area.
H. 
Stairways and pathways. Stairways or pathways used for access to the lake and to the boathouse shall be located within the vision and access corridor. If stairways or pathways already exist within the shoreland buffer, relocation of those stairways or pathways to the vision and access corridor may be required under the conditional use permit.
I. 
Other structures. If other structures already exist within the shoreland buffer, removal or relocation of those structures may be required under the conditional use permit.
J. 
Habitation. A boathouse may not be habitable as defined in this chapter. Final decision as to whether any boathouse would be considered habitable will be determined by the Zoning Enforcement Officer.
K. 
Design. The architectural design of the boathouse, and any associated stairs or paths, shall be harmonious with the surrounding landscape and shall have a minimal visual impact when viewed from the water.
L. 
Existing boathouses. All existing boathouses that were lawfully constructed prior to the enactment of this chapter shall remain legal, nonconforming uses, and such boathouses may be maintained, but they may not be enlarged without obtaining a new conditional use permit and without coming into compliance with the terms of that new conditional use permit.
M. 
Additional requirements. Boathouses must also comply with the provisions outlined in § 660-34, Shoreline Preservation and Vision and Access Corridor; § 660-35, Filling, grading, lagooning, dredging, ditching, and excavating; § 660-129, Shoreland-Wetland Overlay (SWO) District; § 660-199, Floodplain zoning administration and procedures.
Figure 2.1: Boathouse Siting Regulations (Slopes Less Than 20%)
660 Fig. 2.1 Bathouse Siting Regs Slopes Less.tif
Figure 2.2: Boathouse Siting Regulations (Slopes Greater Than 20%)
660 Fig. 2.2 Bathouse Siting Regs Slopes Greater.tif
A. 
Vision and access corridor. There shall be a vision and access corridor in which vegetation may be removed and trees and shrubs trimmed. This vision and access corridor shall be an area that does not exceed 30 feet if the lot as measured at the OHWM is 100 feet or more in width. If the lot as measured at the OHWM is less than 100 feet in width, then the vision and access corridor shall be no more than 30% of the lot width.
B. 
Shoreland buffer. A strip of vegetative cover shall be maintained that extends 35 feet inland from the OHWM and the entire width of the lot; except within the vision and access corridor. In those cases where the residential property is split by a public right-of-way, the shoreland buffer shall apply between the edge of the right-of-way closest to the OHWM and the OHWM, if that distance is less than 35 feet. Boathouses shall be placed within the vision and access corridor if they are to be located within the shoreland buffer.
C. 
Measuring shoreland buffer. If the slope extending landward from the OHWM within the shoreland buffer area is less than 20%, then the 35 feet may be measured along the land surface. If the slope is equal to or greater than 20%, then the shoreland buffer area shall be the horizontal distance of 35 feet from the OHWM. (See Figure 2.1 and Figure 2.2, § 660-33.)
D. 
Shoreline vegetation. The shoreline shall be vegetated with ground cover in all areas within 10 feet of the OHWM within the vision and access corridor, with the exception of areas covered with boathouses, stairways, and paths providing access to piers. Use of native plants is encouraged. If naturally occurring sand is already present at the time of adoption of this chapter, such sand may also be considered as meeting this requirement to the extent that it is naturally occurring and already present on the effective date of this chapter.
E. 
Vegetation removal.
(1) 
Purpose. The purpose of vegetation removal regulations applicable to the shoreland area is to protect scenic beauty, control erosion and replace effluent and nutrient flow from the shoreland. These provisions shall not apply to the removal of dead, diseased or dying trees or shrubbery at the discretion of the landowner, or to the removal of noxious, nuisance or invasive species as they are defined in §§ 271-3 and 271-6 of the Code of the City of Lake Mills[1] or to silvicultural thinning upon recommendation of a forester.
[1]
Editor's Note: See Ch. 271, Brush, Grass and Weeds.
(2) 
Shoreline cutting and vegetation removal.
(a) 
Vegetation may be removed and trees and shrubs may be trimmed within the vision and access corridor, but removal shall not occur within the shoreland buffer described in Subsection B, unless such removal is performed on diseased or dying vegetation. To the extent practicable, healthy individual trees of twelve-inch caliper or larger and healthy stands of 10 or more trees of six-inch caliper or larger shall be preserved. Within the shoreland buffer, routine pruning may be done, but not to the extent of jeopardizing the health and viability of trees or shrubbery.
(b) 
If vegetation has already been removed or tree and shrubbery cutting has already occurred within the shoreland buffer, and that vegetation removal or cutting has already occurred outside the vision and access corridor, then mitigation and restoration or partial restoration may be required as a condition of approval of permits within the shoreland buffer.
(c) 
Natural shrubbery shall be preserved as far as practicable and, where removed, it shall be replaced with other vegetation that is equally effective in retarding runoff, preventing erosion and preserving natural beauty.
(3) 
Paths, roads, stairways and other structures. Any path, road or passage within the thirty-five-foot strip shall be constructed and surfaced as to effectively control erosion. A conditional use is required under § 660-129J(3). Lake access stairways, pathways, or roads shall be located within the vision and access corridor. New structures allowed within 35 feet of the OHWM shall be located within the vision and access corridor.
(4) 
Alternative cutting plan. An alternative cutting plan allowing greater cutting than permitted under this section may be permitted by the Plan Commission by issuance of a conditional use permit, under § 660-195 of this chapter. In applying for such a permit, the commission shall require the lot owner to submit a scale drawing of the lot, including the following information: location of parking, existing structures, paths, and stairs located within the shoreland buffer and vision and access corridor, gradient of the land, existing vegetation, proposed cutting, and proposed replanting. The Commission may grant such a permit only if it finds that such special cutting plans:
(a) 
Will not cause undue erosion or destruction of scenic beauty.
(b) 
Will provide substantial shielding from the water of dwellings, accessory structures and parking areas. The replacement plantings shall not include noxious, nuisance or invasive species as they are defined in §§ 271-3 and 271-6 of this chapter.
(5) 
Cutting more than 35 feet inland. From the inland edge of the thirty-five-foot strip to the outer limits of the shoreland, the cutting of trees and shrubbery shall be allowed when accomplished using accepted forest management practices and sound soil conservation practices which protect water quality.
(6) 
Any land-disturbing activities will adhere to the erosion control measures outlined in § 660-143, Erosion control.
A. 
General standards. Filling, grading, lagooning, dredging, ditching or excavating which does not require a permit under Subsection B below is permitted in the shoreland area, provided that:
(1) 
It is done in a manner designed to minimize erosion, sedimentation and impairment of fish and wildlife habitat.
(2) 
Filling, grading, lagooning, dredging, ditching or excavating in a Shoreland-Wetland District meets the requirements of § 660-35 of this chapter.
(3) 
A state or federal permit is obtained in addition to a permit under this chapter, if state or federal laws require the issuance of a permit for the filling, grading, lagooning, dredging, ditching or excavating that is proposed.
(4) 
Any fill placed in the shoreland area is protected against erosion by the use of riprapping, vegetative cover or a bulkhead.
B. 
Permit required. Except as provided in Subsection C herein, a conditional use permit is required:
(1) 
For any filling or grading of the bed of a navigable body of water.
(2) 
For any filling or grading of any area which is within 300 feet of the ordinary high-water mark of a navigable water and which has surface drainage toward the water and on which there is either:
(a) 
Filling or grading where a single area of more than 100 square feet is exposed or where the cumulative exposed area exceeds 300 square feet.
(b) 
Any filling or grading on slopes of 20% or more.
(c) 
Filling or grading of more than 1,000 square feet on slopes of 12% to 20%.
(d) 
Filling or grading of more than 2,000 square feet on slopes of 12% or less.
(3) 
Before constructing, dredging or commencing work on any artificial waterway, canal, ditch, lagoon, pond, lake or similar waterway which is within 300 feet of the ordinary high-water mark of a navigable body of water or where the purpose is the ultimate connection with a navigable body of water.
C. 
Soil conservation practices. Soil conservation practices such as terraces, runoff diversions and grassed waterways which are used for sediment retardation shall not require a permit under Subsection B herein.
D. 
Permit conditions. In granting a conditional use permit under § 660-195, the City Plan Commission shall attach the following conditions where appropriate, in addition to those provisions specified in §§ 660-187 and 660-188.
(1) 
The smallest amount of bare ground shall be exposed for as short a time as feasible. Erosion control measures outlined in § 660-143 shall be followed.
(2) 
Temporary ground cover (such as mulch) shall be used and permanent cover (such as sod) shall be planted.
(3) 
Diversion, silting basin, terraces and other methods shall be used to trap sediment.
(4) 
Lagooning shall be conducted in such a manner as to avoid creation of fish trap conditions.
(5) 
Fill shall be stabilized according to accepted engineering standards.
(6) 
Fill shall not restrict a floodway or destroy the storage capacity of a floodplain.
(7) 
Sides of a channel or artificial watercourse shall be stabilized to prevent slumping.
(8) 
Sides of channels or artificial watercourses shall be constructed with slopes (side) of two units horizontal distance to one unit vertical or flatter, unless bulkheads or riprapping are provided.
Individual sewage disposal systems are expressly prohibited unless specifically approved by the Zoning Board of Appeals after public hearing.
A. 
Purpose. The purpose of this section is to alleviate or prevent congestion of public rights-of-way so as to promote the safety and general welfare of the public by establishing minimum requirements for the provision of vehicular visibility. The requirements of this section shall not be imposed in the downtown area.
B. 
Vision clearance triangle.
(1) 
In each quadrant of every street intersection in every district except the B1 Downtown Business District, there shall be designed a vision clearance triangle, formed by the two intersecting rights-of-way and a vision line connecting the rights-of-way and extending to the street edge (see Figure 2.3), as determined by the Zoning Enforcement Officer. The following standards shall apply:
Figure 2.3: Vision Clearance Triangle
660 Fig. 2.3 Vision Clearance Tri.tif
Table 2.1: Minimum Vision Clearance Triangle
Right-of-Way Width
(feet)
Distance from Right-of-Way Intersection
(feet)
Less than 66
15
76 to 99
20
More than 99
25
(2) 
Within the vision clearance triangle, no signs, parking spaces, structures, or earthwork in excess of 30 inches, and no vegetation, fencing, nor other such obstructions between 30 inches and eight feet in height shall be permitted which exceeds 30 inches in height above either of the center line elevations of said two streets. This provision shall not apply to tree trunks or posts.
C. 
Depiction on required site plan. Except in the downtown where no requirement is imposed, any and all visibility triangles located on the subject property shall be depicted as to their location and configuration on the site plan as outlined in § 660-205 required for the development of the subject property.
A. 
Single- and two-family residential properties.
(1) 
Number of driveways. Single-family uses are limited to one driveway per lot unless otherwise regulated in this chapter. Two-family uses are permitted two driveways per lot unless otherwise regulated in this chapter.
(2) 
Setback. Driveways shall have a minimum setback of five-feet from the side lot line on all parcels.
(3) 
Width. (See Figure 2.4.)
Figure 2.4: Residential Driveway Width
660 Fig. 2.4 Res Driveway Width.tif
(a) 
Minimum. The minimum width of driveways shall be eight feet.
(b) 
Maximum.
[1] 
At the curbline or road edge. The maximum width of driveways as measured at the curbline or road edge shall be the lesser of 24 feet or the width of the garage, including the taper.
[2] 
At the right-of-way line. The maximum width of driveways as measured at the right-of-way line shall be the lesser of 18 feet or the width of the garage.
[3] 
Where no garage exists, the maximum driveway width shall be 12 feet and shall be situated as not to create parking located in the required front yard.
[4] 
Where the width of the driveway at the garage exceeds the maximum width of the driveway at the right-of-way line, the driveway should be tapered. (See Figure 2.5.)
Figure 2.5: Driveway Taper at Right-of-Way
660 Fig. 2.5 Driveway Taper.tif
[5] 
Drives for two-family residences with adjacent garages are limited to the twenty-four-foot maximum width at the property line. Each individual driveway may be separated by a green area extending from the street edge or curbline to the garage/parking space. (See Figure 2.6.)
Figure 2.6: Driveways for Adjacent Two-Family Residences
660 Fig. 2.6 Driveways for Adj Two Fam.tif
(c) 
Circular drives. Circular, horseshoe, and similar type driveways shall be permitted where the minimum lot width is at least 150 feet and where approved by the Director of Public Works. The maximum width of such a driveway shall not exceed 12 feet, except for the area of allowable paving in front of the garage, and the inside edge of the arc of the driveway shall be at least 25 feet from the lot line. For driveways with two curb openings, the spacing shall provide a minimum dimension of 50 feet between the inside driveway edges, measured at the lot line.
(d) 
One uncovered parking space is permitted alongside a garage when said space is not located between the building and the street or the building and the rear lot line and is no closer than five feet from a side lot line. Said space must be screened from view. (See Figure 2.7.)
Figure 2.7: Parking Space Alongside Residential Garage
660 Fig. 2.7 Parking Spaces Res Garage.tif
(4) 
Curb openings. The maximum curb opening shall be determined by adding five feet to the approved driveway width.
(5) 
Throat length. All driveways shall have a minimum throat length of five feet extending from the right-of-way line to the beginning of the taper. (See Figure 2.8.)
Figure 2.8: Residential Driveway Taper and Throat
660 Fig. 2.8 Res Driveway Taper.tif
(6) 
Surfacing. Driveways and parking spaces shall have a dust-free surface in accordance with Table 2.2: Surfacing Standards for Driveways and Parking Areas, below. Permeable pavers may also be used for surfacing, installed to recognized industry standards that achieve the same or better structural integrity as other materials specified in this section.
(7) 
Maintenance. All driveways shall be kept in good repair and working order. A legal agreement shall be required for all shared drives outlining maintenance responsibilities for adjacent property owners. Said agreement shall be recorded against the properties with the Jefferson County Register of Deeds.
B. 
Multifamily residential, commercial, and industrial use drives.
(1) 
Number of driveways. The maximum number of driveways shall be established by the Director of Public Works.
(2) 
Location. All drives shall be located a minimum of 100 feet, as measured from the nearest point, from all other driveways.
(3) 
Setback. Driveways shall have a minimum setback of eight feet from the side lot line on all parcels.
(4) 
Width. The maximum width of a driveway for all multifamily residential, commercial, and industrial uses shall not exceed 30 feet.
(5) 
Curb openings. The maximum curb opening shall be determined by adding 10 feet to the approved driveway width.
C. 
Shared driveways.
(1) 
Statement of purpose. The purpose of this regulation is to provide for the possibility of a shared driveway to serve up to two lots. The shared driveway may be permitted by the Director of Public Works, provided the shared driveway will meet the standards and criteria listed below.
(2) 
Standards and criteria for a shared driveway:
(a) 
The shared driveway shall meet all of the criteria set forth in the regulations for driveways in this section.
(b) 
The deeds for any lots which utilize a shared driveway shall include all appropriate easements to pass; to install utilities as necessary; to grade, drain, and maintain; and provide easements where required by the City. A driveway maintenance requirement shall be stipulated in the deeds of both lots. Such deeds shall also contain a provision that the driveway shall not be used for access to any other property.
(c) 
Access. The shared driveway shall intersect with an existing or proposed public street.
Table 2.2: Surfacing Standards for Driveways and Parking Areas
Asphalt
Concrete
Surface
(inches)
Base
(inches)
Surface
(inches)
Base
(inches)
Driveways, one- and two-family
2
4
4
4
Parking lots, commercial and multifamily
3
8
6
4
Loading areas and drives, commercial
4
8
7
4
Loading areas and drives, industrial
4
10
7
4
A. 
Traffic circulation and traffic control. Site circulation shall be designed to provide for the safe and efficient movement of all traffic entering, exiting, and on the site. Circulation shall be provided to meet the individual needs of the site with specific mixing of access and through movements, and shall be depicted on any required design plan. Circulation patterns shall conform to the general rules of the road and all traffic control measures shall meet the requirements of the Manual of Uniform Traffic Control Devices.
B. 
Maintenance of off-street parking and traffic circulation areas. All off-street parking and traffic circulation areas shall be maintained in a dust-free condition at all times. In no instance or manner shall any off-street parking or traffic circulation area be used as a storage area.
C. 
Traffic circulation design standards.
(1) 
Marking. All off-street parking and traffic circulation areas shall be paved with a hard, all-weather surface, to the satisfaction of the Zoning Administrator. Said surfaces intended for four or more parking stalls shall be marked in a manner that clearly indicates required parking spaces.
(2) 
Lighting. All off-street parking and traffic circulation areas serving six or more cars shall be lit to ensure the safe and efficient use of said areas during the hours of use. Said illumination shall meet the standards of § 660-142 of this chapter.
(3) 
Fire lanes. A fire lane shall be required to provide access to any portion of any structure equal to or less than 40 feet tall that is more than 150 feet from the nearest street right-of-way, and to any portion of any structure greater than 40 feet tall that is more than 50 feet from the nearest street right-of-way. The Zoning Administrator may also require the provision of a fire lane or lanes to any part of any structure upon a determination that the distance of the structure from the nearest hydrant, the configuration of development on the site, or other special characteristics of the site otherwise inhibit effective fire extinguishment. All fire lanes shall provide clear, unobstructed access for vehicles and apparatus at all times through a combination of pavement marking and signage; shall be a minimum of 18 feet wide; and shall be surfaced as an all-weather roadway.
(4) 
Signage. All signage located within, or related to, required off-street parking or traffic circulation shall comply with the requirements of Article VI of this chapter.
A. 
General provisions. This article regulates the minimum/maximum number, the use, the design and the maintenance of parking spaces, parking lots, drives/driveways, aisles, loading and drive-through facilities within the City of Lake Mills.
(1) 
When required.
(a) 
For all buildings and structures erected and all uses of land established after the effective date hereof, accessory parking and loading facilities shall be provided as required in this section. However, where a building permit has been issued prior to the effective date hereof, and provided that construction is begun within six months of such effective date and diligently prosecuted to completion, parking and loading facilities in the amounts required for the issuance of said building permits may be provided in lieu of any different amounts required by this chapter.
(b) 
When the intensity of use of any building, structure, or premises shall be increased through the addition of dwelling units, gross floor area, seating capacity, employment, or other units of measurement specified herein for required parking or loading facilities, parking and loading facilities as required herein shall be provided for such increase in intensity of use.
(c) 
Parking is not required for nonresidential uses in the B1 Downtown Business District. However, when off-street parking facilities are provided, such facilities shall be provided in accordance with the provisions of this chapter, except in respect to the required number of spaces. Mixed-use/upper-floor residential uses need only provide evidence of the availability of off-street public or private parking within 1,000 feet of the unit.
(d) 
Existing parking facilities. Accessory off-street parking facilities in existence on the effective date of this chapter and located on the same lot as the building or use served shall not hereafter be reduced below or, if already less than, shall not be further reduced below the requirements for a similar new building or use under the provisions of this chapter.
(e) 
Use changes. Whenever the existing use of a building or structure shall hereafter be changed to a new use, parking or loading facilities shall be provided as required for such new use. However, if the said building or structure was erected prior to the effective date of this chapter, additional parking or loading facilities are mandatory only in the amount by which the requirements for the new use would exceed those for the existing use, if the latter were subject to the parking and loading provisions of this chapter.
(f) 
Damage or destruction. For any conforming or legally nonconforming building or use which is in existence on the effective date of this chapter, which subsequently thereto is damaged or destroyed by fire, collapse, explosion, or other cause, and which is reconstructed, reestablished, or repaired, off-street parking or loading facilities need not be provided, except that parking or loading facilities equivalent to any maintained at the time of such damage or destruction shall be restored or continued in operation. However, in no case shall it be necessary to restore or maintain parking or loading facilities in excess of those required by this chapter for equivalent new uses or construction.
(2) 
Location.
(a) 
All parking spaces shall be located on the same lot as the structure or use that they are intended to serve, unless otherwise specified in this chapter. In cases where parking facilities are permitted on land other than the zoning lot on which the building or use served is located, an agreement allowing shared parking facilities shall be required between the property owners. Such agreement may be either by deed or long-term lease. The owner of the land on which the parking facilities are to be located shall be bound by covenants filed on record in the office of the Register of Deeds of Jefferson County, requiring such owner, his or her heirs and assigns, to maintain the required number of parking facilities for the duration of the use. The recorded document shall be provided to the City.
(b) 
There shall be no parking in required parking setback areas or outside of designated parking spaces, except in the driveways of single-family and two-family dwellings. The following regulations shall also apply:
[1] 
Transitional or buffer yards as regulated in § 660-113 of this chapter take precedent over zoning district setback requirements.
[2] 
Vehicular access easements across side and rear yard setbacks of adjoining parking and loading facilities in commercial and industrial districts, across side and rear yards of parking and loading facilities of uses allowed by conditional use permit in residential districts, and across side and rear yard setbacks of multifamily developments in multiple-family dwelling districts may be approved, provided a cross-access easement is approved by the City Attorney and filed with the Register of Deeds.
[3] 
Multifamily dwelling uses in multifamily districts may reduce setbacks to a ten-foot minimum rear and side yard setback for parking lots, unless a greater setback is required per transitional buffer yard standards, and provided the setback areas are devoted to green area and comply with the landscaping requirements of this chapter.
(c) 
Locational prohibitions for off-street parking areas. No private parking shall occur on street terraces, driveways, or any other areas that are located within a public right-of-way.
(3) 
Calculation of requirements. Calculating the number of spaces required shall be in accordance with the following:
(a) 
Net floor area. Net floor area shall be used for the purpose of calculating the number of off-street parking spaces required.
(b) 
Assembly. In places of public assembly in which patrons or spectators occupy benches, pews or other similar seating facilities, each 30 inches of such seating shall be counted as one seat for the purpose of this chapter.
(c) 
Capacity. In cases where parking requirements are based on "capacity" of persons, capacity shall be based on the maximum number of persons that may occupy a place, as determined by the Building Code.
(d) 
Fractions. Where fractional spaces result, the parking spaces required shall be construed to be the next largest number.
(e) 
Shopping centers/joint parking. Except in shopping centers or where joint parking has been approved, if a structure or site contains two or more principal uses, each use shall be calculated separately in determining the total off-street parking spaces required.
(f) 
Unspecified uses. The Zoning Administrator shall interpret parking space requirements for any use not specifically listed in this chapter and shall determine the required parking from comparable uses listed or may consult the following sources: Institute of Traffic Engineers; Urban Land Institute; International Conference of Shopping Centers; and the American Planning Association.
(4) 
Limitations on parking facility uses. In residential districts and on residentially used lots, accessory off-street parking facilities shall be solely for parking of passenger vehicles, which shall be regulated as follows:
(a) 
All vehicles shall be in condition for safe and legal performance on public rights-of-way and shall be registered, displaying current license plates.
(b) 
Vehicles and/or equipment not normally associated with a residential use specifically prohibited from being parked or stored outdoors on residential property include, but are not limited to:
[1] 
Vehicles with a manufacturer's gross vehicle weight rating exceeding 10,000 pounds and/or are more than 21 feet in length.
[2] 
Construction equipment, such as bulldozers, backhoes, skid steers, and forklifts.
[3] 
Dump and stake body style trucks.
[4] 
Cube- or panel-type vans and trucks.
[5] 
Landscaping business equipment such as tractors, tree spades, graders and scrapers.
[6] 
Semi-trailers and tractors.
[7] 
Concession, vending and catering trailers.
[8] 
Commercial/industrial equipment trailers and lifts.
(c) 
A recreational vehicle (RV) may be parked on a residential property for a period not to exceed 10 days in any thirty-day period.
(d) 
Under no circumstances may any vehicle or equipment be used as living quarters in residential areas.
B. 
Parking space design.
(1) 
Single- and two-family uses.
(a) 
Legal parking spaces.
[1] 
Parking spaces may be provided either within a garage or as uncovered spaces on a paved surface as outlined in this section.
[2] 
Parking on driveways may not encroach into the public right-of-way.
[3] 
One uncovered parking space is permitted alongside a garage when said space is not located between the building and the street or the building and the rear lot line and is no closer than five feet from a side lot line. Said space must be screened from view.
[4] 
Impervious surface associated with rear yard parking shall be no greater than 20% of the total rear yard area.
(b) 
Surfacing. All driveways and parking areas shall have a dust-free surface in accordance with Table 2.2, Surfacing Standards for Driveways and Parking Areas, which follows § 660-39. Permeable pavers may also be used for surfacing, installed to recognized industry standards that achieve the same or better structural integrity as other materials specified in this section.
(2) 
Multifamily, commercial and industrial uses.
(a) 
Parking plan required. Creation of new or reconstruction/alteration of an existing parking/loading area requires a parking plan. Parking plans shall following the requirements outlined for BSO plan per § 660-205 and include the following information:
[1] 
Show all lot dimensions and lot lines.
[2] 
Paved areas shown and dimensioned.
[3] 
The traffic pattern and parking space layout shall be indicated, including required handicapped spaces.
[4] 
The dimension of individual parking spaces and aisle width shall be identified.
[5] 
The size and location of ingress and egress openings.
[6] 
The location, size at planting, and species of all landscape plantings.
[7] 
The location of all lighting systems.
[8] 
Drainage and/or stormwater management plan subject to approval by the Department of Public Works.
[9] 
The site plan shall be drawn to scale.
(b) 
Access to parking areas/stalls.
[1] 
Parking spaces and access drives shall be arranged so as to require ingress and egress from the parking lot to a street only by forward motion of a vehicle.
[2] 
Angled spaces (those other than zero or 90°) shall be accessed via one-way aisles.
(c) 
Size of parking space. One off-street parking space shall be at least 162 square feet of area, exclusive of adequate ingress or egress driveways to connect with a public thoroughfare. A single stall in any garage may replace any required parking space.
(d) 
Surfacing. All driveways, access drives, parking lot aisles, parking spaces, service areas, and all off-street parking facilities shall be graded and surfaced so as to be dust-free and properly drained.
[1] 
Dust-free surface. All driveways and open off-street parking areas shall be surfaced with a dustless all-weather material in accordance with Table 2.2, Surfacing Standards for Driveways and Parking Areas, which follows § 660-39.
[2] 
Drainage. Parking areas shall be designed in such a manner so as to not have a negative surface water drainage impact on adjacent properties and to provide functional relief from said area. Storm sewers which serve parking lots shall be designed to accommodate a ten-year storm event without surcharging out of the rim.
(e) 
Curbs. A minimum six-inch-high curb shall be installed around all parking areas and internal landscape islands and end caps, except as follows:
[1] 
At designated driveways and cross-access areas.
[2] 
Where bioretention methods of stormwater management are utilized as part of an approved grading and drainage plan, alternative methods to the installation of curbing may be considered by the Zoning Administrator, provided that measures are taken to protect landscaping from vehicular circulation damage.
[3] 
For industrial uses within industrial zoning districts, curbing is only required adjacent to buildings, planting islands, required front yards and so that no part of a vehicle extends over or beyond any pedestrian paths or public right-of-way, unless alternative methods to curbing are approved under Subsection B(2)(e)[2].
(f) 
Striping. All parking spaces and drive aisles shall be striped and maintained in a clear and visible manner.
(g) 
Maintenance of parking areas. Parking facilities and required screening and landscaping shall be continuously maintained in good condition and appearance. Whenever necessary, surfacing, lighting, barriers, markings, and planting materials shall be repaired or replaced with new materials in compliance with the provisions of this chapter.
(h) 
Parking layout dimensions. Parking stalls and drive aisles shall be installed in conformance with Table 2.3 and Figure 2.9. Parking stall dimensions are based on the angle of the stall and the function of the drive aisle.
Table 2.3: Recommended Minimum Parking Lot Layout Dimensions
Parking Angle in Degrees
Minimum Permitted Dimensions
0° (parallel)
45°
60°
90°
(feet)
Stall width at parking angle (SW)
9
9
9
9
Stall width parallel to aisle (WP)
18
12.7
10.4
9
Stall depth to wall (D)
91
17.51
191
18.51
Stall length (SL)
19.8
21
Aisle width (AW)
122
122
152
24
Throat length (right-of-way to parking area) (T)
Refer to requirements in § 660-39
Wall to wall (single-loaded) (W1)
21
29.5
34
42.5
Wall to wall (double-loaded) (W2)
32
47
53
61
NOTES:
1
Parking spaces located behind an enclosed garage and located directly off a through aisle shall be at least 30 feet deep.
2
This dimension represents (AW) for one-way traffic. For two-way traffic, add 8.0 feet to a maximum (AW) of 24.0 feet.
Figure 2.9: Recommended Parking Lot Design Schematic
660 Fig. 2.9 Rec Parking Lot Design.tif
(i) 
Parking for physically disabled persons. Parking spaces for use by physically disabled persons shall be provided according to the following standards:
[1] 
At least one space for a parking facility offering 26 to 49 spaces.
[2] 
At least 2% of all spaces for a facility offering 50 to 1,000 spaces. For more than 1,000 spaces, at least 1% of the number of spaces over 1,000.
[3] 
Parking spaces reserved for physically disabled persons shall be at least 12 feet wide. Such spaces shall be located as close as possible to an entrance of the parking facility and to the building entrance.
[4] 
Reserved parking spaces for use by physically disabled persons shall observe other applicable regulations contained in Wisconsin Statutes § 346.503.
(j) 
Screening and landscaping. Parking lot screening and landscaping shall comply with the standards set forth in § 660-113.
(k) 
Walkways and pedestrian access. Walkways shall provide pedestrian access through parking lots from street sidewalks to building entries. Walkways shall be located and aligned to directly and continuously connect areas or points of pedestrian origin and destination, and shall not be located and aligned solely based on the outline of a parking lot configuration unless such configuration allows for direct pedestrian access. (See Figure 2.10.)
Figure 2.10: Recommended Parking Lot Island and Pedestrian Access Design
660 Fig. 2.10 Rec Parking Lot Island.tif
[1] 
Number. One pedestrian access is required per street frontage.
[2] 
Design requirements.
[a] 
Walkways shall have an acceptable dust-free surface not less than five feet in width and shall be grade separated from the parking lot or otherwise delineated with pavement markers, planters, or alternate paving materials.
[b] 
The entirety of the on-site pedestrian walkway system shall be marked and defined using pavement treatments, signs, lighting, median refuge areas, and landscaping, as appropriate and approved by the Zoning Administrator.
[c] 
Where the primary pedestrian access to the site crosses drive aisles or internal roadways, the pedestrian crossing shall emphasize and place priority on pedestrian access and safety.
[d] 
The material and layout shall be continuous as the pedestrian access crosses the driveway with a break in continuity of the driveway paving and not in the pedestrian accessway.
(l) 
Parking lot lighting. See § 660-142.
(m) 
Shared parking. The Plan Commission may approve the use of up to 70% of the required parking spaces to meet off-street parking regulations for two separate lots on one lot if the following conditions are present:
[1] 
Lots are adjacent or opposite (directly across the street) from each other, fronting on the same street.
[a] 
One lot is an evening or Sunday use and the other lot contains a daytime use, such as:
[i] 
Sunday uses. Auditoriums incidental to public or parochial schools; churches/places of worship; theatres; bowling alleys; bars or nightclubs; or similar uses as determined by the Zoning Administrator.
[ii] 
Daytime uses. For the purpose of this section, the following uses are considered as primarily daytime uses: schools, public or parochial; banks and professional offices; personal service establishments; service and repair shops; manufacturing without second or third shift; wholesale businesses; and similar uses, as determined by the Zoning Administrator.
[b] 
The use for which application is being made for joint parking shall be located within 1,000 feet of the use providing parking facilities.
[c] 
The applicant shall show that there is no substantial conflict in the principal operating hours of the buildings or uses for which joint parking is proposed.
[d] 
A legally binding instrument, executed by the parties concerned, for joint off-street parking facilities shall be approved by the City and recorded at the Register of Deeds.
(n) 
Phasing. Required off-street parking areas may be constructed in phases with a phasing plan to be approved by the Zoning Administrator.
[1] 
Areas required for parking, but not immediately improved, shall be reserved for future parking.
[2] 
Undeveloped future parking areas shall be seeded with grass mix, acceptable to the Zoning Administrator, until said area is fully developed into a parking surface.
(o) 
Oversized parking lots/maximum number of spaces. Parking lots may exceed up to 10% of the maximum allowed per the parking requirements outlined in the off-street parking requirements in Table 2.4 through an administrative approval, for which review consideration shall be given to the following factors. Parking lots in excess of 10% shall be allowed only through conditional use permit for which review consideration shall be given to the following factors in granting the permit:
[1] 
The proposed development has unique or unusual characteristics (such as high sales volume or low parking turnover) which creates a parking demand that exceeds the maximum ratio and does not typically apply to comparable uses.
[2] 
The lot is designed to allow for more intensive future site development.
[3] 
Pedestrian connectivity through the lot.
[4] 
The need for additional parking cannot be reasonably met through provision of on-street or shared parking with adjacent or nearby uses.
[5] 
The proposed development demonstrates that its design and intended use will support high levels of existing or planned transit and pedestrian activity.
(p) 
Temporary use parking. As part of a temporary use permit, temporary outdoor entertainment permit, or combination thereof, temporary use parking shall be designated on the temporary use/event site and may also be designated on other properties. Temporary use parking adequacy shall be determined by the Zoning Administrator based on planned temporary use/event capacity.
(q) 
Snow storage requirements for off-street parking and loading areas.
[1] 
Snow storage plan required. In conjunction with the approval of a BSO plan for off-street parking areas, a snow storage and/or removal plan shall be submitted to the Zoning Administrator for review and approval.
[2] 
Said snow storage plan shall adequately address, either graphically and/or in writing, the on-site storage of snow removed from said off-street parking or loading area or the removal from the site of such snow.
[3] 
If the snow is to be physically removed from the site, the snow storage plan shall specify the location of the proposed snow repository site.
[4] 
If the snow is proposed to be stored off site, a letter of permission from the owner of the snow repository site shall be furnished the Zoning Administrator with the snow storage or removal plan.
[5] 
Snow storage standards for parking and loading areas. Adequate snow storage shall be provided using the following standards:
[a] 
A maximum of 10% of the total required off-street parking spaces may be used as the snow storage area.
[b] 
The required snow storage area may be paved or not paved. In either case, adequate drainage of the snow storage area shall be provided to accommodate snowmelt, and no snowmelt shall drain on abutting properties.
[c] 
Required setbacks, yards, and buffer yards may be used to accommodate the required snow storage area. However, areas landscaped with shrubs and/or trees shall not be used as snow storage areas.
C. 
Bicycle parking. A minimum of four bicycle parking spaces may be provided in lieu of not more than one required automobile parking space in a nonresidential parking lot with a maximum reduction of up to five parking spaces.
(1) 
Location. Bicycle parking spaces and racks shall be located in a convenient and visible area no farther from the principal entrance to the building served than the closest automobile parking space.
(2) 
Design. Bicycle parking shall consist of a bike rack designed so that the bicycle frame can be locked to the rack.
(3) 
Maximum reduction. The number of required parking spaces shall not be reduced by more than 20% of those required due to the reduction granted by the provision of bicycle parking.
D. 
Off-street parking requirements. Accessory, off-street parking shall be provided as specified in Table 2.4 for Specific Off-Street Parking Requirements, except in the B1 Downtown Business District, or as otherwise specified in this chapter.
Table 2.4: Specific Off-Street Parking Requirements
Uses
Minimum Required Spaces
Minimum Required On-Site Queuing
Other Required Off-Street Parking Standards
Commercial/Retail
Auto agency (sales)
1.0 per 500 SF
Plus 3.0 per service bay and additional space for public display as required if outside display is permitted
Auto fuel station #1 (w/o service)
2.0 minimum
Plus 4.75 per 1,000 retail SF
Auto fuel station #2 (w/ service)
3.0 minimum
Plus 3.0 per service bay
Auto fuel station #3 (w/ convenience store)
Station #1 or #2 requirements
Plus 1.0 per 200 SF
Auto fuel station (w/ car wash)
Station #1 or #2 requirements
Equal to 3 times car wash capacity
Auto parts (tire/battery/acc.)
4.75 per 1,000 SF
Auto service station
3.0 minimum
Plus 3.0 per service bay
Barber/beauty salon
3.0 per licensed chair
Building materials/home improvement center
4.75 per 1,000 SF
Car wash (full service)
1.0 per 200 SF of office space
Equal to 8 times car wash capacity
Plus 1.0 per employee on largest shift
Car wash (self service)
4.0 cars per wash stall
Car wash (accessory)
Equal to 3 times car wash capacity
Commercial or retail sales uses (except as herein noted)
4.75 per 1,000 SF
Commercial vegetable and flower gardening, plant nurseries and greenhouses
2.0 per 3 employees on maximum shift
Plus 1.0 per vehicle used or stored plus 5.0 per 1,000 SF retail floor area
Equipment sales, service, rental and repair
1.0 per 250 SF
Furniture store
2.5 per 1,000 SF
General merchandise and department store < 5,000 SF
5.0 per 1,000 SF
General merchandise and convenience store >5,000 SF
4.75 per 1,000 SF
Hardware, paint, home improvement store
4.0 per 1,000 SF
Laundry and dry cleaning (drop-off/pick-up)
4.0 per 1,000 SF
Laundry (self service)
1.0 per 2 washers
Paint store
3.0 per 1,000 SF
Plumbing, air-conditioning and heating equipment (sales, service, warehousing)
3.0 per 1,000 SF sales and office area stored
Plus 2.0 per 3 employees on maximum shift; plus 1.0 per vehicle stored on site
Restaurant, dine-in (quality, gourmet, family)
1.0 per 3 seats
Plus 2.0 per 3 employees on maximum shift; 10.0 minimum
Restaurant, dine-in, fast food (w/o drive-through)
1.0 per 2 seats
Plus 2.0 per 3 employees on maximum shift
Restaurant, fast food (w/ drive-through)
1.0 per 2 seats
8.0 per drive-up window with 3 spaces minimum at ordering station
Plus 2.0 per 3 employees on maximum shift
Shopping center (w/ supermarket)
5.5 per 1,000 SF
Shopping center (w/o supermarket)
5.0 per 1,000 SF
Shopping center (3+ stores, not classified elsewhere in table)
5.0 per 1,000 SF
Specialty retail center (average tenant space < 2,500 SF)
4.0 per 1,000 SF
Specialty store
4.0 per 1,000 SF
Supermarket, grocery
6.0 per 1,000 SF
Taxidermist
2.0 per 1,000 SF
Tavern, bar, cocktail lounge
1.0 per 2.5 seats
Plus 1.5 per employee on maximum shift
Truck service center and repair facility
1.0 per employee
Plus 2.0 truck spaces per each stall
Video tape rental/sales
5.5 per 1,000 SF
Residential
Apartment
2.0 per unit of which 1 must be enclosed
Plus 0.5 per unit for visitors
Caretaker's residence
1.0 per bedroom
Condominium
2.0 per unit of which 1 must be enclosed
Plus 0.5 per unit for visitors
Dormitories or group living facilities (CBRFs)
0.5 per bedroom
Dwellings (single-family detached)
2.0 per dwelling
Dwellings (two-family/duplex)
2.0 per unit of which 1 must be enclosed
Plus 0.5 per unit for visitors
Group homes
0.25 per bed
Plus 1.0 per employee on maximum shift
Rectory
1.0 per bedroom
Residential units in nonresidential structures
1.0 per bedroom
Senior citizen multiple-family/retirement community
0.5 per unit
Consider 1.0 per unit reserved for future conversion to conventional multiple-family
Transportation/Communication/Utilities:
Airports/heliports/landing strips
2.0 per 3 employees on maximum shift
Plus 1.0 per vehicle used or stored; plus 1.0 per 200 SF lobby area
Radio, TV and other communication facilities
2.0 per employee on maximum shift
Plus 1.0 per vehicle used or stored
Institutional:
Child-care centers/day nurseries
1.0 per employee
Plus 1.0 per 10 children
Churches/chapels
1.0 per 3 seats
Plus 1.0 per vehicle used or stored on premises
Clubs and lodges
1.0 per 4 seats; or 1.0 per 3 members, whichever is greater
Hospitals
0.75 spaces per bed
Kennels
2.0 per 3 employees on maximum shift
Plus 1.0 per vehicle used or stored
Museums/galleries
2.5 per 1,000 SF gross floor area
Nursing homes
0.75 per bed
5 vehicles on site
Postal stations
4.0 per customer service station
Plus 2.0 per 3 employees on maximum shift; Plus 1.0 per vehicle stored on site
Schools (preschools)
1.0 per employee
Plus 1.0 per 10 children
Schools (elementary schools)
1.0 per classroom and 4.5 per 1,000 SF office
8 vehicles
Schools (middle schools)
1.0 per classroom and 4.5 per 1,000 SF office
8 vehicles
Schools (high schools)
1.0 per classroom and 4.5 per 1,000 SF office
8 vehicles
Plus 1.0 per 3 students
Schools (special education)
1.0 per classroom and 4.5 per 1,000 SF office
8 vehicles
Schools (vocational)
1.0 per classroom and 4.5 per 1,000 SF office
Plus 1.0 per 2 students
Schools (college, university)
1.0 per employee
Plus 1.0 per 2 students
Cultural/Entertainment/Recreational
Arcades/amusement places
5.0 per 1,000 SF
Plus 1.0 per 2 games
Athletic fields
60 per 1 facility (field, diamond); 100 per 2 facilities
Auditoriums/meeting rooms/places for public assembly (except as noted herein)
1.0 per 3 seats or 1.0 per 50 SF floor area of assembly area where there is no fixed seating
Bowling alleys
5.0 per alley
Cemeteries
2.0 per 3 employees on maximum shift
Plus 1.0 garage space per vehicle used or stored
Clubs/lodges, open to public
1.0 per 2.5 seats
Plus 2.0 per 3 employees on maximum shift
Community centers and private, nonprofit recreation centers (except as noted)
4.0 per 1,000 SF
5 vehicles on site
Plus 1.0 per employee on maximum shift
Dance studio, martial arts studio
5.0 per 1,000 SF
Golf/country clubs
To be determined by Plan Commission based upon report prepared by applicant
Golf courses
3.0 per hole
Plus spaces equal to 30% total licensed seating capacity of buildings
Golf driving ranges
2.0 per tee
Golf, miniature
1.0 per 5,000 SF lot area
Gymnasiums
3.0 per 1,000 SF
Handball/racquetball courts
3.0 per court
Ice and roller rinks
5.5 per 1,000 SF
Parks (City/county/state), playgrounds and picnic grounds
To be determined by Parks Board
Sports club/health spa
7.0 per 1,000 SF
Swimming pools
3.0 per 1,000 SF
Plus 1.0 per employee
Tennis clubs
3.0 per 1,000 SF
Plus 1.0 per 4 spectator seats
Tennis courts, outdoor
3.0 per court
Plus 1.0 per 4 spectator seats
Theater, live
1.0 per 50 SF
Theater, music
1.0 per 50 SF
Theater, movie
0.50 per seat
Industrial
Concrete or asphalt batch plant
1.0 per employee
1.0 per vehicle stored on site
Light industry
2.0 per 1,000 SF office/customer use
Plus 1.0 per 750 SF other or per vehicle used/stored
Manufacturing and fabrication
2.0 per 1,000 SF office/customer use
Plus 1.5 per employee on maximum shift and 1.0 per company vehicle stored on site
Plumbing, air-conditioning and heating equipment (sales, service, warehousing)
2.0 per 1,000 SF office/retail use
Plus 1.0 per 750 SF other or per vehicle used/stored
Warehousing and wholesaling
2.0 per 3 employees on maximum shift
Plus 1.0 per vehicle used/stored but no less than 1/2,000 SF
Office
Dental offices and clinics
4.5 per 1,000 SF
Medical office building or clinic
6.0 per 1,000 SF floor area or 5.0 per doctor, whichever is greater
Office building, general
Maximum 4.5 per 1,000 gross SF to minimum 4.0 per 1,000 net SF based upon floor plan utilization report approved by Plan Commission with maximum of 20% of gross SF to be considered unleasable space under a net square foot analysis
Research center (nonleasable space)
3.0 per 1,000 SF up to 50,000 SF
Plus 2.5 per 1,000 SF over 50,000 SF
Services
Financial: bank (walk-in only)
4.5 per 1,000 SF
Financial: bank (drive-up and walk-in)
4.5 per 1,000 SF
Equal to 5 times drive up capacity
Financial: lending agency, stockbroker
4.0 per 1,000 SF
Hotels, motels
1.0 per sleeping unit
Plus 2.0 per 3 employees on maximum shift; Plus 1.0 per vehicle used or stored
Insurance agents/brokers
4.0 per 1,000 SF
Mortuaries/funeral homes
1.0 per 5 seats; 10 minimum
Real estate agents/brokers
4.5 per 1,000 SF
Veterinary clinics and hospitals
6.0 minimum
Plus 4.0 per each exam room over 1 room
A. 
Requirement. Loading and/or unloading facilities shall be provided for all commercial and industrial uses which require receipt or distribution by vehicles of materials and merchandise according to Table 2.5, unless an equivalent number of spaces are provided in conformity with these regulations. The off-street loading requirements shall also apply when a commercial or industrial establishment is expanded. Within a shopping center, the requirements set forth in Table 2.5 shall apply to each establishment or business tenant space rather than to the shopping center as a whole.
Table 2.5: Minimum Off-Street Loading Berth Requirements
Floor Area of Establishment
(square feet)
Required Number
Minimum Size
(feet)
Minimum Vertical Clearance
(feet)
0 to 10,000
1
10 x 25
12
10,001 to 25,000
2
10 x 40
12
25,001 to 40,000
3
10 x 50
15
40,001 to 100,000
4
10 x 60
15
Over 100,000
5*
10 x 60
15
NOTES:
*
Plus one additional space for every 25,000 square feet of floor area over 150,000.
B. 
Location.
(1) 
All required loading spaces shall be located on the same lot as the use served.
(2) 
All required off-street loading spaces shall not be located in a required side yard.
(3) 
All required off-street loading spaces shall not directly face a public or private street.
(4) 
All required off-street loading spaces shall be located to provide direct access to a street or alley so as not to hinder the free movement of pedestrians and vehicles on a sidewalk, street, or alley.
C. 
Drainage. All open loading spaces shall have a stormwater drainage system connected to a public storm sewer if available, as approved by the Zoning Administrator. No surface runoff shall be allowed to flow across any lot line.
D. 
Screening. All loading spaces shall be screened from the view of abutting lots to a height of at least six feet by a solid fence and/or evergreen vegetation in compliance with § 660-113.
E. 
Loading spaces do not count as parking spaces. Space required and allocated for off-street loading shall not be allocated or used to satisfy the space requirements for off-street parking.
F. 
Surfacing. All open off-street loading spaces shall be provided with surface improvements as required for parking areas.
G. 
Service and repair. Repairing or servicing of motor vehicles shall not be permitted in an off-street loading space.