City of Bridgman, MI
Berrien County
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Table of Contents
Table of Contents
[HISTORY: Adopted by the City Council of the City of Bridgman as indicated in article histories. Amendments noted where applicable.]
[Adopted 8-17-1959 by Ord. No. 17 (Ch. 303.000 of the 1999 Compiled Ordinances)]
No person shall allow or permit any rags, waste, chips, trash, rubbish, wastepaper, ashes, oil, excelsior or other or combustible material to accumulate on or in any lands, premises or building owned or occupied by him, except in metal or other fireproof containers so located as not to constitute a fire hazard, nor shall any person keep or maintain any paint, varnish or similar material unless the same shall be kept in closed containers when not being applied.
No person shall construct or maintain on or in any lands, premises or building owned or occupied by him any boiler, stove, water tank or heater, furnace, chimney, pipe, duct or other device for the production or transmission of heat, smoke or gas, or any electric wiring, which is so constructed, operated or located, or which is in such a condition of disrepair, as to constitute a fire hazard or to subject such lands, premises or building or other property in the vicinity thereof to the danger of fire or explosion.
No person shall erect or maintain on any lands or premises owned or occupied by him any building or structure which by reason of improper construction, want of repair or other conditions therein is especially liable to fire or explosion or is so situated as to endanger other property in the vicinity thereof.
[Amended 6-1-1999 by Ord. No. 138]
No person shall kindle or maintain any open fire (for purposes of lot clearing or farming purposes) or bonfire in the City of Bridgman without having first obtained a written burning permit from the Fire Chief. Such permit shall be issued by the Fire Chief without charge on forms provided by him/her at City expense. Such permit shall state the date of issuance, the length of time (not to exceed three days hereafter) during which it shall be in effect, and the place where such burning is to take effect. Even though a burning permit is obtained as aforesaid, no open fire or bonfire shall be kindled or maintained unless the same shall be located more than 50 feet from any building and shall be constantly attended until completely extinguished. Campfires for the purpose of recreation or meal preparation are authorized without permit, provided they are no closer than 15 feet from a building and are constantly attended until completely extinguished. The Fire Chief shall have the authority to order extinguishment of any fire whenever in his/her judgment the same shall constitute a hazard (because of high winds or other conditions) or a nuisance.
The Fire Chief shall have power and authority to direct the installation of such fire extinguishers, fire doors, fire walls, fire escapes, vents, safety valves, exit doors, exit lights and other safety devices or structures as the public safety and sound fire prevention practice may require in or on any store, office commercial building, apartment building, amusement park building, theater, restaurant, hotel, shop, factory, or other building or structure into which the public is invited or in which persons are employed or live as tenants, and it shall be the duty of the owner or occupant of any such lands, premises, building or structure to install such structures or devices and to keep the same in good working order at all times.
The Fire Chief is hereby authorized to enter upon or into any lands, premises, building or structure within the City at all reasonable hours for the purpose of inspecting the same to determine whether any fire hazard exists therein, or whether the provisions of this article are being observed, or whether all safety structures or other devices required hereby have been installed and are in good working order.
No person shall turn in, sound or communicate to the Fire Department any false alarm of fire. No person shall block any fire escape, stairway, fire door or exit door in such a manner as to impede the free use thereof. No person shall park any vehicle or leave or deposit any material or other objects within limits specified by City Council. No person, except City employees on duty, shall open or draw water from a fire hydrant.
The Fire Chief shall have authority to designate any of his subordinates to perform the inspection duties imposed upon him by the terms of this article, or for the issuance of permits under § 242-4 above.
Every fire hazard of whatever nature or origin is hereby declared to be a public nuisance, and the same may be abated and removed or its continuance enjoined in any manner provided or permitted by law for the abatement of nuisance. The term "fire hazard" as used in this article shall mean and include every building, structure, place, thing or condition which by reason of its nature, location, occupancy, condition or use may cause loss, damage or injury to persons or property by reason of fire or explosion.
[Amended 6-1-1999 by Ord. No. 138]
Any person who violates any of the provisions of this article shall be responsible for a municipal civil infraction and shall be subject to a fine of not less than $50, plus costs, damages, expenses and other sanctions as herein provided, for each civil infraction. A subsequent or repeat violation by the same individual of the same alleged violation within six months shall carry a fine of not less than $75 nor more than $100, plus costs, damages, expenses and other sanctions as herein provided.
[Amended 6-1-1999 by Ord. No. 138]
As used in this article, the following terms shall have the meanings indicated:
FIRE or BONFIRE
The open burning of any flammable material in the City of Bridgman, except a fire in a furnace, stove, boiler, fireplace or campfire restricted to recreational or meal preparation contained in a pit no larger than 36 inches in diameter if circular or nine square feet if square or rectangular.
PERSON
Includes natural persons, firms, partnerships, and corporations, and their agents, receivers, servants and trustees.
[Adopted 9-17-2018 by Ord. No. 201]
The City of Bridgman, in order to regulate and govern the safe guarding of life and property from fire or explosion hazards, adopts the International Fire Code, 2018 edition, with amendments, as published by the International Code Council, including Appendixes B, D, E, F and G of said International Fire Code. The purpose and intent of this code is to prescribe minimum requirements consistent with nationally recognized standards for providing a reasonable level of safety to life and property and for protection from the hazards of fire, explosion, or dangerous conditions arising from the storage, handling and use of hazardous substances, materials and devices and from conditions hazardous to life or property related to the occupancy of buildings and premises. This code shall also provide for the issuance of certain permits and collection of delineated fees. All matters within the intent of this code and not covered by this code shall comply with the referenced standards listed in the International Fire Code, 2018 edition, as published by the International Code Council (including Appendix Chapters B, D, E, F, and G). At least three copies of this code have been and are now filed in the City Clerk's office. Except as otherwise specifically stated herein, the provisions of such code are hereby adopted and incorporated by reference as though fully set out at length herein, and the provisions thereof shall be controlling within the City of Bridgman.
The following chapters, sections and subsections of the International Fire Code adopted in this article are hereby amended or deleted as set forth in this section, and additional chapters, sections and subsections are added as indicated. The following chapter and section numbers refer to like number of chapters and sections of the International Fire Code:
A. 
Section 108.01, Appeals, is amended to read as follows:
Section 108.01. Appeals. The Appeals Board shall be the existing Construction Board of Appeals of the City of Bridgman.
B. 
Article 79 shall be amended by adding a new section reading as follows:
Section 7901.1.3. State flammable liquid laws. Pursuant to the provisions of Section 3(k) of Act No. 279 of the Public Acts of Michigan of 1909 [MCLA § 117.3(k), MSA § 5.2073(k)], as amended, the State Fire Safety Board, rules for Storage and Transportation of Flammable and Combustible Liquids 1992, as amended, as prescribed and authorized in Act No. 207 of the Public Acts of Michigan of 1941 [MCLA § 29.1 et seq., MSA § 4.559(1) et seq.], as amended, are hereby adopted by reference by the City for the purpose of providing rules for the preservation of fire and protection of persons and property in the transportation, storage, handling, offering for sale, sale and use of flammable liquids. Copies of such regulations are on file in the office of the City Clerk, available for public use and inspections at all times. Where any section or part of Article 79 of the International Fire Code is in conflict with the State Fire Safety Board, rules for Storage and Transportation of Flammable and Combustible Liquids 1992, it is intended that the State Fire Safety Board, rules for Storage and Transportation of Flammable and Combustible Liquids 1992, shall prevail.
C. 
Section 503.2 is hereby amended to read as follows:
Section 503.2.2. Fire lanes. The marking of fire lanes on private property, devoted to public use, shall be approved by the Chief of the Bureau of Fire Prevention and the Chief of Police.
D. 
Section 503 is hereby amended to include the following:
Section 503. Parking of motor vehicles or otherwise obstructing fire lanes shall be prohibited at all times. Members of the Police Department are hereby authorized to remove motor vehicles and/or vehicles in the designated fire lanes.
E. 
Appendix VI-C, Section 2.4 is hereby amended as follows:
Appendix VI-C, Section 2.4.
(a)
Any person convicted of a violation of any provision of this code or any rule, regulation or order adopted or issued in pursuance thereof, shall be responsible for a municipal civil infraction and shall be punished by a fine of not more than $500. Each act of violation, and every day upon which any such violations shall occur, shall constitute a separate offense.
(b)
The penalty provided by this section, unless another penalty is expressly provided, shall apply to the amendment of any section of this code, whether or not such penalty is reenacted in the amendatory ordinance.
(c)
The penalty set out in this section shall be in addition to the abatement of the violating condition, any injunctive relief, or revocation of any permit or license.
(d)
This section shall not apply to the failure of officers and employees of the City to perform municipal duties required by this code.
Should any provision of City ordinance or state law require a permit or license covering the same operations, business, activity or material for which the Fire Code requires a permit, such City ordinance provision or state law shall prevail, and it shall be necessary to obtain the permit as required by the Fire Code.