Township of Roxbury, NJ
Morris County
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Table of Contents
Table of Contents
The purpose of subdivision and site plan design guidelines are to create a functional and attractive development of property, to minimize adverse impacts, and to ensure a project will be an asset to the community. Design guidelines provide a framework for sound planning; design standards set forth specific improvement requirements.
The following guidelines shall be utilized in the design and review of an application for subdivision and site plan:
[Ord. No. 18-09 § 1]
A. 
A subdivision plat shall be designed to encourage good planning concepts and quality development patterns within the municipality and conform to the Master Plan and Official Map and the proposals and conditions shown thereon.
B. 
An application shall consider all existing local and regional plans for the surrounding communities.
C. 
Base the design of the development on a site analysis which investigates geology, topography, surface and ground water, depth to seasonal high water table, existing vegetation, structures, road networks, visual features, past and present use of the site, etc.
D. 
The following specific areas shall be preserved to the maximum extent consistent with the reasonable utilization of land, and in accordance with applicable Federal, State and local regulations:
1. 
Unique and/or fragile areas, including wetlands, stream corridors and other water bodies;
2. 
Specimen trees or stands of trees;
3. 
Lands in the flood plain, as defined by State and local regulations;
4. 
Ridgelines and steep slopes in excess of fifteen (15%) percent as measured over a two (2) foot interval;
5. 
Habitats of rare, threatened and endangered wildlife, as identified on Federal and State lists; and
6. 
Historically significant structures and sites, as listed on the Township's Historic Preservation Districts Map and on the Federal or State register of historic places;
7. 
Lakes and other open waters to avoid eutrophication or other degradation due to development.
E. 
The development shall be laid out to avoid adversely affecting ground water and aquifer recharge; to reduce cut and fill; to avoid unnecessary impervious cover; to prevent flooding; to provide adequate access to lots and sites; to protect scenic views; and to mitigate adverse effects of shadow, noise, odor, traffic, drainage, and utilities on neighboring properties.
F. 
To the extent consistent with the reasonable use of land, site design shall promote the conservation of energy through the use of planning practices designed to reduce energy consumption and to provide the maximum utilization of renewable energy sources. Where topography permits, encourage the placement of buildings and streets to maximize a southern orientation. Significant solar access to buildings and roads are possible with a maximum deviation of thirty (30) degrees of true south. Where possible, place roadways south of ridgelines.
G. 
Design and develop stormwater management techniques and storm drainage facilities as an integral part of the development, and arrange the design to use as much of the natural drainage as possible.
H. 
Use open space to reduce the perceived development density of subdivisions, to provide a buffer between land uses and to provide recreation and pedestrian circulation opportunities. The use of cluster subdivisions can furnish increased opportunities to provide open space buffers and to link adjacent open space areas.
I. 
Design all improvements to conform to the requirements of this Ordinance and the construction standards of the New Jersey Department of Transportation, and other standards as developed by the Township Engineer and on file with the Township Clerk.
A. 
Residential developments may be arranged in conventional, cluster, or a combination of designs as permitted by Ordinance, taking into account topography, privacy, building height, orientation, drainage, and aesthetics in placement of units with usable private outdoor space where appropriate and practical.
B. 
Space buildings so that adequate privacy, light and air is provided for units.
C. 
Avoid direct vehicular access to residential lots from major arterial and arterial roads.
A. 
Where permitted, cluster development shall be encouraged as a means of protecting the character of the Township, environmentally sensitive areas, and open space.
B. 
Increased building setbacks along arterials, secondary arterials and residential collectors should be provided in cluster developments to minimize the visual impacts of groups of housing. This setback should be sufficient to maintain a roadway's existing vegetated character or, if needed, to provide for the introduction of a suitable buffer planting.
C. 
Separate residential clusters with existing vegetation and open space to create distinct neighborhoods and open space areas in proximity of all clusters. Where possible, cluster developments should be linked via pedestrian pathways through open space areas.
A. 
Commercial and industrial developments shall consider topography, avoidance of environmentally sensitive areas, drainage, groundwater pollution, aquifer recharge, impervious surface coverage, noise, odor, surrounding land uses, access, impacts on off-site improvements, and the buffering of adverse impacts.
B. 
Provide appropriate stormwater management, grading and drainage.
C. 
Development shall promote a unified streetscape, signage, landscape and architectural style.
A. 
The road system shall be designed to permit the safe, efficient and orderly movement of traffic; to organize and define communities and their neighborhoods; to meet, but not exceed the needs of the present and future population served; to have a simple and logical pattern; to respect natural features and topography; to present an attractive streetscape; and to comply with New Jersey State Department of Transportation and County design standards.
B. 
In residential subdivisions, the road system shall be designed to serve the needs of the neighborhood and to discourage use by through traffic.
C. 
Streets shall be designed in a hierarchical system including residential access, residential collector, secondary arterial, arterial and major arterial road systems.
D. 
The pedestrian system shall be located as required for safety. In conventional developments, sidewalks shall be placed parallel to the street, with exceptions permitted to preserve natural features or to provide visual interest. In planned developments, walks may be placed away from the road system, but where appropriate, may also be required parallel to the street.
E. 
Pedestrian circulation systems shall be integrated into subdivisions and site plans and provide links between residences, recreation areas, neighborhood schools, commercial areas, houses of worship, parking areas and public facilities.
A. 
The exterior appearance of a residential or nonresidential building shall compliment the character of existing development within the surrounding area. This is especially important when a new building is constructed within or adjacent to a historic district. New development shall relate to the surrounding environment with regard to: height, scale, massing, directional expression, setback, sense of entry, roof shapes, rhythm of openings, rhythm of solid to voids and building materials; rhythm of spacing of buildings on streets; rhythm of entrance/porch projections; textures, color and exterior features. The use of different textures, complimentary colors, detailing and contrasting shapes to create an appealing facade is strongly encouraged. The use of single colors and blank walls is discouraged. Where applicable, encourage the preservation of existing historic structures on redevelopment sites to protect the scenic character of an area.
B. 
New structures shall relate to the natural terrain.
C. 
Each phase of a phased development project shall be able to stand alone as architecturally and visually complete.
A. 
Provide landscaping in public areas, on recreation sites, adjacent to buildings, to screen parking areas, mitigate adverse impacts, and provide windbreaks for winter winds and summer cooling for buildings, streets, and parking.
B. 
Select plant or other landscaping material that will best serve the intended function, and use landscape materials appropriate for local soil conditions, water availability and other environmental factors.
C. 
Vary the type and amount of landscaping with the type of development and accent site entrances with special landscape treatment.
D. 
Consider the impact of any proposed landscape plan at various time intervals. Avoid the placement of plants within sight triangles that will eventually obstruct sight distances.
A. 
Each phase of a development shall be able to stand alone considering infrastructure, grading, and drainage so that if subsequent phases are not completed, each completed phase will be self-sufficient.
In filing an application for development, the applicant shall comply with the following subdivision and site plan design standards, subject to preemption by State Residential Site Improvements Standards for residential developments.
A. 
In reviewing an application for development, the Planning Board, Zoning Board of Adjustment or Administrative Officer shall ascertain compliance with the following general requirements:
1. 
The provisions of the Zoning Regulations with respect to lot areas, setbacks, coverage, floor area ratio, height, open space, etc. are complied with.
2. 
Adequate provision is made for off-street parking in accordance with this Ordinance, and adequate access, traffic circulation, traffic safety and protection to adjoining property is provided.
3. 
Adequate provisions are made for the disposal of storm water as approved by the Township Engineer and meets the requirements of the Stormwater Management section contained in this Ordinance.
4. 
The location, design, or construction of any building shall not be likely to involve risks of traffic congestion, public safety or risk of hazard.
5. 
The design or construction of any building or use will be consistent with the character of the neighborhood and zone.
6. 
All unpaved areas shall be attractively landscaped, including, but not limited to, lawns, ground covers, shrubbery and trees, unless allowed by the Planning Board or Zoning Board of Adjustment to remain in their natural state.
7. 
Conformance to regulations of appropriate local, County, and State agencies.
B. 
The application shall conform to design standards that will encourage sound development patterns within the Township. If a master plan or the Official Map provides for the reservation of designated streets, public drainage ways, flood control basins, or public areas within the proposed development, before approving a subdivision or site plan, the Planning Board may further require that such streets, ways, basins or areas be shown on the plat for a period of one (1) year after the approval of the final plat or within such further time as may be agreed to by the developer. Unless during such period or extension thereof the municipality shall have entered into a contract to purchase or institute condemnation proceedings according to law for the fee or a lesser interest in the land comprising such streets, ways, basins or areas, the developer shall not be bound by such reservations shown on the plat and may proceed to use such land for private use in accordance with applicable development regulations. The provisions of this Section shall not apply to streets and roads, flood control basins or public drainageways necessitated by the subdivision or land development and required for final approval.
The developer shall be entitled to just compensation for actual loss found to be caused by such temporary reservation and deprivation of use. In such instance, unless a lesser amount has previously been mutually agreed upon, just compensation shall be deemed to be the fair market value of an option to purchase the land reserved for the period of reservation; provided that determination of such fair market value shall include, but not be limited to, consideration of the real property taxes apportioned to the land reserved and prorated for the period of reservation. The developer shall be compensated for the reasonable increased cost of legal, engineering, or other professional services incurred in connection with obtaining subdivision approval or site plan approval, as the case may be, caused by the reservation. The municipality shall provide by ordinance for a procedure for the payment of all compensation payable under this Section.
C. 
The applicant shall observe the requirements and principles of land subdivision in the design of each subdivision or portion thereof, as set forth in this chapter.
D. 
To the extent consistent with the reasonable utilization of land, site design shall promote the conservation of energy through the use of planning practices designed to reduce energy consumption and to provide for maximum utilization of renewable energy and natural resources.
E. 
No development shall have a name which will duplicate, or so nearly duplicate as to be confused with the names of existing developments. All development names shall be approved by the Planning Board.
A. 
Block length and width or acreage within bounding roads shall be such as to accommodate the size of lot required by the zoning ordinance and to provide for convenient access, circulation control and safety of street traffic.
B. 
In blocks over one thousand (1,000) feet long, pedestrian walks extending from street to street and suitably paved may be required in locations deemed necessary by the Planning Board.
C. 
Blocks shall not be in excess of one thousand two hundred (1,200) feet unless the Planning Board, at its discretion, believes such requirement to be contrary to the best interests of the Township.
D. 
For commercial, group-housing, or industrial uses, block size shall be sufficient to meet all area and yard requirements for such use.
A. 
Where there is a question as to the suitability of a lot or lots for their intended use due to factors such as rock formation, poor drainage conditions, flood conditions, steep slopes, wetlands, inadequate sewage disposal, inadequate water supply or similar circumstances, the Planning Board, after adequate investigation, may withhold approval of such lots or require that such lots be enlarged to provide for an adequate usable yard area in which to mitigate negative conditions.
B. 
Lot dimensions and area shall conform to the requirements of the zoning ordinance. Where extra right-of-way width has been dedicated for widening of streets, lots shall begin at such extra width line, and all setbacks shall be measured from such line. Lot area shall be measured excluding proposed rights-of-way.
C. 
Insofar as is practical, side lot lines shall be at right angles to straight streets, and radial to curved streets.
D. 
No lot within a residential subdivision may directly access or exclusively abut major arterial or arterial roads.
E. 
Every lot shall have access that is sufficient to afford a reasonable means of ingress and egress for emergency vehicles as well as for all those likely to need or desire access to the property in its intended use.
F. 
In the case of corner lots, or lots which run through from one street to another, yard areas facing each street shall be considered as front yards and shall conform to the minimum frontage and front yard requirements for the particular zone. Each corner lot shall have one rear yard and one side yard as determined by the Board.
G. 
Flag lots are prohibited except as permitted as a conditional use in the R-R, RR-5, and R-1 Districts.
H. 
All preliminary and final major subdivision plats and all minor subdivision plans and approving resolutions for residential developments shall note that, for each building lot, the rear of the principal building, exclusive of attached decks, must be located not less than eight (8) feet from the rear yard setback line along at least half the width of the rear setback line, in order to allow adequate space for the addition of decks attached to the principal building without encroaching upon the rear yard setback.
[Ord. No. 19-02 § 1]
Monuments shall be provided in accordance with R.S. 46:23-9.11. All monuments not installed at the time of final subdivision approval shall require a cash performance bond.
A. 
Lots shall be graded so that the surface waters will flow unimpeded to the street or to any system of drainage designed to convey the surface waters away from the lots and the development so as to prevent the collection of surface water on the lots.
B. 
Elevations of lots adjacent to abutting properties shall not be altered to create a slope greater than 3:1 unless a retaining wall is installed. Retaining walls constructed within ten (10) feet of any property line shall not exceed five (5) feet in height and shall be constructed as required by the Planning Board.
C. 
All lots shall be graded, subject to the approval of the Township Engineer. Where deemed appropriate by the Township Engineer, individual lot grading and drainage plans, including seepage pits, may be required.
D. 
Grading shall be designed in accordance with the standards established in Section 13-8.3, Soil Erosion and Sediment Control Standards.
E. 
Only those trees necessary to permit construction of streets, driveways and dwellings and other authorized structures shall be removed.
A. 
Utility and drainage easements shall be of sufficient width as determined by the Township Engineer to accommodate the facilities including access for maintenance, but in no case less than twenty (20) feet. Building setback requirements shall be a minimum of five (5) feet from the edge of such easements.
B. 
Where a site is traversed by a watercourse, drainageways, channel or stream, there shall be provided an easement or right-of-way conforming substantially with the lines of such watercourse and such width or construction, or both, as will be deemed adequate by the Planning Board.
C. 
Where feasible, easements for utility and drainage installation within individual lots shall be located along property lines.
D. 
Internal grading of a lot as by swale, berm, or other topographical feature designed to intercept and direct stormwater shall be described in the deed in such a way as to give notice to future owners of said property and ensure continued maintenance of the drainage features. Disturbance of these features shall be restricted by deed.
E. 
All easements shall be shown on the plat and described in the deed and shall be clearly labeled and dimensioned to permit accurate location of easement limits.
F. 
The subdivider shall provide for sight easements at street intersections and/or at curves or deflection points on streets in order to allow for proper sight distance, wherever it shall be deemed necessary by the Board pursuant to Section 13-8.607.
Land deemed by the Planning Board to be uninhabitable for any other reason specified in Section 13-8.202A shall not be platted for residential or nonresidential occupancy, nor for other such uses as may increase danger to health, life or property, or aggravate the flood hazard; but such land within the plat may be set aside for such uses as will not be endangered by periodic or occasional inundation or will not produce unsatisfactory living conditions and in accordance with N.J.S.A. 7:13:1-1. For development controls in flood hazard areas, see Section 13-7.823.
In filing an application for development, the applicant shall comply with the following soil erosion and sediment control standards:
The soil erosion and sediment control plan shall meet or exceed the "Standards and Specifications for Soil Erosion and Sediment Control", adopted by the Morris County Soil Conservation District and, in addition, shall meet all of the following standards:
A. 
Each soil erosion and sediment control plan shall contain the following data:
1. 
A soil map prepared by the Soil Conservation Service upon which the proposed development shall be superimposed. The soil boundaries shall also be shown on the plan at a scale of 1"-100' or less.
2. 
A location and description of existing natural and man-made features on and surrounding the site, including general topography.
3. 
Location and description of proposed changes to the site including proposed grading.
4. 
Temporary and permanent measures to be utilized to control, minimize and protect against soil erosion, sedimentation from a proposed land disturbance, taking into account the particular nature and characteristics of the land. The plan shall cover all stages and aspects of the proposed land disturbance and planned development from grading, stripping, excavation and other site preparation through and including both final grading and the installation of permanent improvements.
5. 
A schedule of the sequence of installation of planned erosion and sediment control measures as related to the progress of the project including starting and completion dates.
6. 
All proposed revisions of data required shall be submitted for approval.
7. 
A map showing existing and proposed contours, at two (2) foot intervals except where slopes are three (3%) percent or less and then one (1) foot intervals are required, of the land prior to disturbance and the proposed contours to be created.
B. 
Each soil erosion and sediment control plan shall conform to the following general design principles:
1. 
Control measures shall apply to all aspects of the proposed land disturbance and shall be in operation during all stages of the disturbance activity.
2. 
The smallest practical area of land shall be exposed at any time during development and when feasible, a natural vegetation shall be retained and protected.
3. 
Vegetative protection or mulching shall be used to protect critical erosion areas during development.
4. 
Temporary and permanent diversions and outlets shall be constructed or installed to accommodate the increased runoff caused by the changed soil and surface conditions during and after development.
5. 
Sediment basins, debris basins, desilting basins or silt traps shall be installed to trap and remove sediment from runoff waters, thereby keeping grading, stripping and excavation to a minimum.
6. 
Adequate provisions shall be made to minimize surface water from damaging slopes and embankments. Diversion structures consisting of temporary compacted earth embankments bales of straw, ditches, and furrows that can quickly be constructed to intercept surface water runoff before it reaches erodible areas.
7. 
Temporary cut and fill slopes shall not be steeper than 2:1 unless stabilized by a retaining wall or cribbing, except as approved by the Planning Board when handled under special conditions, and supported by technical specifications.
8. 
Adequate provisions shall be made to prevent surface water from damaging the cut face of excavation and the sloping surfaces of fill areas.
9. 
Cut and fill areas shall not endanger adjoining property.
10. 
Fill shall be placed and compacted so as to minimize sliding or erosion of the soil.
11. 
Fills shall not encroach on natural water courses or constructed channels.
12. 
Fills placed adjacent to natural water courses or constructed channels shall have suitable protection against erosion.
13. 
Grading will not be done in such a way as to divert surface water onto the property of another landowner without the expressed consent of the Planning Board.
14. 
Permanent final plant cover - lawn, ground cover, etc., shall be installed as quickly as possible on any site. A minimum six (6) inch layer of compacted topsoil shall be provided to establish the permanent cover.
15. 
Permanent improvements, such as roads, catch basins, curbs, etc. shall be installed or constructed whenever feasible to temporarily retain the increased runoff resulting from modifications to the land.
C. 
All necessary soil erosion and sediment control measures installed under this Section shall be adequately maintained after completion of the approved plan until such measures are approved by the Township Engineer. Prior to the acceptance of the work performed in accordance with the approved plan, provision shall be made by the applicant for a maintenance guarantee pursuant to Section 13-4.3.
D. 
Regular inspection of projects to determine execution in accordance with the approved plan shall be carried out by the Township Engineer. The Township Engineer shall determine at each inspection whether or not the provisions of the approved plan are being followed by the applicant. The Township Engineer shall request immediate compliance with the approved plan. The Township Engineer may issue a stop-construction order if the applicant fails to comply with the provisions of the approved plan within five (5) working days. When a stop-construction order is issued, no further construction activity may take place until the applicant is in compliance with all provisions of the approved plan. The Building Inspector or Zoning Officer shall not issue a Certificate of Occupancy for a project unless there has been compliance with the provisions of an approved plan for permanent measures. The Township Engineer shall provide the Building Inspector or Zoning Officer with a report of compliance upon completion of the project.
E. 
Certain words, terms and phrases which relate directly to soil erosion and sediment control shall have the following meanings:
APPROVED PLAN
shall mean a plan to control soil erosion and sedimentation which has been approved by the Planning Board.
EXCAVATION OR CUT
shall mean any act by which soil or rock is cut into, dug, quarried, uncovered, removed, displaced or relocated.
EROSION
shall mean detachment and movement of soil or rock fragments by water, wind, ice and gravity.
FARM CONSERVATION PLAN
shall mean a plan which provides for use of land, within its capabilities and treatment, within its practical limits, according to the chosen use to prevent further deterioration of soil and water resources.
LAND
shall mean any ground soil or earth including marshes, swamps, drainageways and areas not permanently covered by water within the municipality.
LAND DISTURBANCE
shall mean any activity involving the clearing, grading, transporting, filling and any other activity which causes land to be exposed to the danger of erosion.
MULCHING
shall mean the application of plant residue or other suitable materials to the land surface to conserve moisture, hold soil in place and aid in establishing plant cover.
SEDIMENT
shall mean solid material, both mineral and organic that is in suspension, is being transported, or has been moved from its site of origin by air, water or gravity as a product of erosion.
SEDIMENT BASIN
shall mean a barrier or dam built at suitable locations to retain rock, sand, gravel, silt or other material.
SOIL EROSION AND SEDIMENT CONTROL PLAN
shall mean a plan, which fully indicates necessary land treatment measures, including a schedule of the timing for their installation, will effectively minimize soil erosion and sedimentation. Such measures shall be at least equivalent to the standards and specifications as adopted by the Morris County Soil Conservation District.
SOIL
shall mean all unconsolidated mineral and organic material of any origin.
SOIL CONSERVATION DISTRICT
shall mean a governmental subdivision of this State, which encompasses this municipality, organized in accordance with the provisions of Chapter 24, Title 4, N.J.R.S.
SITE
shall mean any plat, parcel or parcels of land.
STRIPPING
shall mean any activity which significantly disturbs vegetated or otherwise stabilized soil surfaces including clearing and grubbing operation.
VEGETATIVE PROTECTION
shall mean the stabilization of erosive or sediment producing areas of land by covering the soil with one or more of the following: (a) permanent seeding or permanent plantings producing long-term vegetative cover of land; (b) short-term seeding or short-term plantings producing temporary vegetative cover of land; (c) sodding, producing areas covered with a turf or perennial sod-forming grass.
WATERCOURSE
shall mean any natural or artificial stream, river, creek, ditch, channel, canal, conduit, culvert, drain, gull, ravine, wash, or other waterway in which water flows in a definite direction, either continuously or intermittently, within a definite channel and including any area adjacent thereto subject to flooding.
[Ord. No. 06-07 § 13-8.400]
A. 
Policy Statement. In filing an application for general development plan, preliminary major subdivision or preliminary major site plan, the applicant shall comply with the following stormwater management requirements:
Flood control, groundwater recharge, and pollutant reduction through nonstructural or low impact techniques shall be explored before relying on structural Best Management Practices (BMPs). Structural BMPs should be integrated with nonstructural stormwater management strategies and proper maintenance plans. Nonstructural strategies include both environmentally sensitive site design and source controls that prevent pollutants from being placed on the site or from being exposed to stormwater. Source control plans should be developed based upon physical site conditions and the origin, nature, and the anticipated quantity or amount of potential pollutants. Multiple stormwater management BMPs may be necessary to achieve the established performance standards for water quality, quantity, and groundwater recharge.
B. 
Purpose. To protect the public health, safety and welfare of the citizens of the Township of Roxbury and the surrounding communities by establishing minimum stormwater management requirements and controls for "major and minor developments," as defined in Section 13-8.401. These provisions are deemed necessary and essential in order to:
1. 
Maintain the adequacy of natural stream channels and prevent accelerated bank erosion by controlling the rate and velocity of runoff discharge to these watercourses.
2. 
Prevent disruption of the stream vegetation caused by excessive flushing and sedimentation.
3. 
Prevent degradation of stream water quality due to impairment of the stream's biological function.
4. 
Enhance the quality of non-point runoff by water detention and/or retention measures.
5. 
Preserve present adequacy of culverts and bridges by suppressing artificially induced flood peaks.
6. 
Reduce public expenditures for replacement or repair of public facilities resulting from artificially induced flood peaks.
7. 
Prevent damages to life and property from flooding resulting from excessive rates and velocities of runoff.
8. 
Prevent the degradation of property by enhancing the environmental character of the streams of the Township.
9. 
Provide a means to remove pollutants from stormwater runoff through filtration.
10. 
Preserve the existing groundwater recharge potential of a site.
C. 
Applicability.
1. 
This Ordinance shall be applicable to all site plans and subdivisions for the following developments that require preliminary or final site plan or subdivision review:
(a) 
Nonresidential major developments; and
(b) 
Nonresidential minor developments; and
(c) 
Aspects of residential major developments that are not preempted by the Residential Site Improvement Standards at N.J.A.C. 5:21.
2. 
This Ordinance shall also be applicable to all major developments undertaken by the Township of Roxbury.
D. 
Compatibility with Other Permit and Ordinance Requirements. Development approvals issued for subdivisions and site plans pursuant to this Ordinance are to be considered an integral part of development approvals under the subdivision and site plan review process and do not relieve the applicant of the responsibility to secure required permits or approvals for activities regulated by any other applicable code, rule, act, or ordinance. In their interpretation and application, the provisions of this Ordinance shall be held to be the minimum requirements for the promotion of the public health, safety, and general welfare. This Ordinance is not intended to interfere with, abrogate, or annul any other ordinances, rule or regulation, statute, or other provision of law except that, where any provision of this Ordinance imposes restrictions different from those imposed by any other ordinance, rule or regulation, or other provision of law, the more restrictive provisions or higher standards shall control.
E. 
Review and Approval. The Board's consideration of applications may be guided by, but not limited to, the following factors:
1. 
The suitability of the applicant's proposed stormwater management measures, devices and planning techniques, whether involving on-site or off-site measures, or some combination thereof, in respect to the total surface runoff, velocities and rates of discharge which the applicant's proposed construction or land disturbance may generate.
2. 
Existing topography, present vegetation and hydrologic soil factors, as shown on maps entitled "Hydrologic Soils, USDA Soil Conservation Service," subject to field verification.
3. 
Groundwater recharge and discharge areas and wet soils, subject to field verification.
4. 
Seasonal high groundwater table as determined by on-site soil evaluation and groundwater study.
5. 
The design storm.
6. 
Natural drainage flow and patterns throughout the sub-watershed(s) affected by the plan.
7. 
Land uses in both the immediate vicinity and surrounding drainage region.
8. 
Any other applicable or relevant environmental and resource protection ordinance, statutes and regulations.
[Ord. No. 06-07 § 13-8.402]
Unless specifically defined below, words or phrases used in this Ordinance shall be interpreted so as to give them the meaning they have in common usage and to give this Ordinance its most reasonable application. The definitions below are the same as or based on the corresponding definitions in the Stormwater Management Rules at N.J.A.C. 7:8-1.2.
CHANNEL
shall mean a watercourse with a definite bed and banks, which confine and conduct continuously or intermittently flowing water.
COMPACTION
means the increase in soil bulk density.
CONSERVATION EASEMENT
shall mean a recorded agreement or covenant running with the land which limits all land or vegetation disturbance in favor of a reservation for natural open space; each agreement to be entered into between the applicant and the municipality.
CORE
shall mean a pedestrian-oriented area of commercial and civic uses serving the surrounding municipality, generally including housing and access to public transportation.
COUNTY REVIEW AGENCY
shall mean an agency designated by the County Board of Chosen Freeholders to review municipal stormwater management plans and implementing ordinance(s). The County Review Agency is the Morris County Division of Planning.
DEPARTMENT
shall mean the New Jersey Department of Environmental Protection.
DESIGNATED CENTER
shall mean a State Development and Redevelopment Plan Center as designated by the State Planning Commission such as urban, regional, town, village, or hamlet.
DESIGN ENGINEER
shall mean a person professionally qualified and duly licensed in New Jersey to perform engineering services that may include, but not necessarily be limited to, development of project requirements, creation and development of project design and preparation of drawings and specifications.
DEVELOPMENT
shall mean the division of a parcel of land into two (2) or more parcels, the construction, reconstruction, conversion, structural alteration, relocation or enlargement of any building or structure, any mining excavation or landfill, and any use or change in the use of any building or other structure, or land or extension of use of land, by any person, for which permission is required under the Municipal Land Use Law, N.J.S.A. 40:55D-1 et seq. In the case of development of agricultural lands, development means: any activity that requires a State permit; any activity reviewed by the Country Agricultural Board (CAB) and the State Agricultural Development Committee (SADC), and municipal review of any activity not exempted by the Right to Farm Act, N.J.S.A. 4:1 C-1 et seq.
DRAINAGE AREA
shall mean a geographic area within which stormwater, sediments, or dissolved materials drain to a particular receiving water body or to a particular point along a receiving water body.
DRAINAGEWAY
shall mean any watercourse, trench, ditch, depression or other hollow space in the ground, natural or artificial, which collects or disperses surface water from the land.
ENVIRONMENTALLY CRITICAL AREAS
shall mean an area or feature which is of significant environmental value, including but not limited to: stream corridors; natural heritage priority sites; habitat of endangered or threatened species; large areas of contiguous open space or upland forest; steep slopes; and well head protection and groundwater recharge areas. Habitats of endangered or threatened species are identified using the Department's Landscape Project as approved by the Department's Endangered and Nongame Species Program.
EROSION
shall mean the detachment and movement of soil or rock fragments by water, wind, ice or gravity.
IMPERVIOUS SURFACE
shall mean a surface that has been covered with a layer of material so that it is highly resistant to infiltration by water.
INFILTRATION
shall mean the process by which water seeps into the soil from precipitation.
LAND DISTURBANCE
shall mean any activity involving the clearing, grading, transporting, filling of land and any other activity, which alters land, topography or vegetative cover.
MAJOR DEVELOPMENT
shall mean any "development" that provides for ultimately disturbing one or more acres of land or provides for one-quarter (1/4) acre or more of new impervious surface. Disturbance for the purpose of this rule is the placement of impervious surface or exposure and/or movement of soil or bedrock or clearing, cutting, or removing of vegetation.
MINOR DEVELOPMENT
shall mean any "development" that provides for ultimately disturbing more than ten thousand (10,000) square feet of land but less than one (1) acre of land and/or the creation of more than five thousand (5,000) square feet but less than one-quarter (1/4) acre of new impervious surface. Disturbance for the purpose of this rule is the placement of impervious surface or exposure and/or movement of soil or bedrock or clearing, cutting, or removing of vegetation.
MUNICIPALITY
shall mean the Township of Roxbury.
NATURAL DRAINAGE FLOW
shall mean the topographical pattern or system of drainage of surface water runoff from a particular site, including the various drainageways and watercourses, which carry surface water.
NODE
shall mean an area designated by the State Planning Commission concentrating facilities and activities, which are not organized in a compact form.
NON-POINT RUNOFF
shall mean surface water entering a channel from no definable discharge source.
NUTRIENT
shall mean a chemical element or compound, such as nitrogen or phosphorus, which is essential to and promotes the development of organisms.
PERSON
shall mean any individual, corporation, company, partnership, firm, association, the Township of Roxbury, or political subdivision of this State subject to municipal jurisdiction pursuant to the Municipal Land Use Law, N.J.S.A. 40:55D-1 et seq.
POLLUTANT
shall mean any dredged spoil, solid waste, incinerator residue, filter backwash, sewage, garbage, refuse, oil, grease, sewage sludge, munitions, chemical wastes, biological materials, medical wastes, radioactive substance (except those regulated under the Atomic Energy Act of 1954, as amended (42 U.S.C. 2011 et seq.), thermal waste, wrecked or discarded equipment, rock, sand, cellar dirt, industrial, municipal, agricultural, and construction waste or runoff, or other residue discharged directly or indirectly to the land, groundwaters or surface waters of the State, or to a domestic treatment works. "Pollutant" includes both hazardous and nonhazardous pollutants.
RECHARGE
shall mean the amount of water from precipitation that infiltrates into the ground and is not evapotranspired.
REVIEWING AGENCY
shall mean the Township of Roxbury, Morris County, the NJDEP or any other entity that has jurisdiction over the project.
SEDIMENT
shall mean solid material, mineral or organic, that is in suspension, is being transported, or has been moved from its site of origin by air, water or gravity as a product of erosion.
SITE
shall mean the lot or lots upon which a major development is to occur or has occurred.
SOIL
shall mean all unconsolidated mineral and organic material of any origin.
SOLID AND FLOATABLE MATERIALS
shall mean sediment, debris, trash, and other floating, suspended, or settleable solids.
SOURCE MATERIAL
shall mean any material(s) or machinery, located at an industrial facility that is directly or indirectly related to process, manufacturing or other industrial activities, which could be a source of pollutants in any industrial stormwater discharge to groundwater. Source materials include, but are not limited to, raw materials; intermediate products; final products; waste materials; by-products; industrial machinery and fuels, and lubricants, solvents, and detergents that are related to process, manufacturing, or other industrial activities that are exposed to stormwater.
STATE DEVELOPMENT AND REDEVELOPMENT PLAN METROPOLITAN PLANNING AREA (PA1)
shall mean an area delineated on the State Plan Policy Map and adopted by the State Planning Commission that is intended to be the focus for much of the State's future redevelopment and revitalization efforts.
STATE PLAN POLICY MAP
shall mean the geographic application of the State Development and Redevelopment Plan's goals and Statewide policies, and the official map of these goals and policies.
STORMWATER
shall mean water resulting from precipitation (including rain and snow) that runs off the land's surface, is transmitted to the subsurface, or is captured by separate storm sewers or other sewage or drainage facilities, or conveyed by snow removal equipment.
STORMWATER MANAGEMENT BASIN
shall mean an excavation or embankment and related areas designed to retain stormwater runoff. A stormwater management basin may either be normally dry (that is, a detention basin or infiltration basin), retain water in a permanent pool (a retention basin), or be planted mainly with wetland vegetation (most constructed stormwater wetlands).
STORMWATER MANAGEMENT MEASURE
shall mean any structural or nonstructural strategy, practice, technology, process, program, or other method intended to control or reduce stormwater runoff and associated pollutants, or to induce or control the infiltration or groundwater recharge of stormwater or to eliminate illicit or illegal nonstormwater discharges into stormwater conveyances.
STORMWATER RUNOFF
shall mean water flow on the surface of the ground or in storm sewers, resulting from precipitation.
SURFACE WATER
shall mean all water produced by rain, flood, drainage, springs and seeps flowing over the land or contained within natural or artificial watercourses.
SURFACE WATER RUNOFF DAMAGE
shall mean all damage or harm to property values, land, vegetation and water supplies, which results, or is likely to result when the dispersion of surface water, is increased in rate, velocity or quantity. Such damage or harm includes, but is not limited to, flooding, soil erosion, siltation and other pollution of watercourses, and diminished recharge of groundwater.
WATERCOURSE
shall mean all rivers, streams, brooks, waterways, lakes, ponds, marshes, swamps, bogs and other bodies of water natural or artificial, public or private which are contained within, flow through or border on the Township of Roxbury or any portion thereof. The term "Watercourse" is also synonymous with the term "Waters of the State" as defined below.
WATERS OF THE STATE
shall mean the ocean and its estuaries, all springs, streams, wetlands, and bodies of surface or groundwater, whether natural or artificial, within the boundaries of the State of New Jersey or subject to its jurisdiction.
WATERSHED
shall mean an area of surface water runoff related to a particular point of concentration.
WETLANDS OR WETLAND
shall mean an area that is inundated or saturated by surface water or groundwater at a frequency and duration sufficient to support, and that under normal circumstances does support, a prevalence of vegetation typically adapted for life in saturated soil conditions, commonly known as hydrophytic vegetation.
[Ord. No. 06-07 § 13-8.402]
A. 
Design and Performance Standards for Stormwater Management Measures.
1. 
Stormwater management measures for major development shall be developed to meet the erosion control, groundwater recharge, stormwater runoff quantity, and stormwater runoff quality standards in subsection 13-8.403. To the maximum extent practicable, these standards shall be met by incorporating nonstructural stormwater management strategies into the design. If these strategies alone are not sufficient to meet these standards, structural stormwater management measures necessary to meet these standards shall be incorporated into the design.
Stormwater management measures for minor development projects shall meet erosion control, groundwater recharge and runoff quantity standards as defined in Section 13-8.403. Minor developments are encouraged to meet these standards and the runoff quality standards by incorporating nonstructural stormwater management strategies into the design. If these strategies are not sufficient to meet these standards, structural stormwater management measures necessary to meet these standards shall be incorporated into the design.
2. 
The standards in this Ordinance apply to new major and minor development projects and are intended to minimize the impact of stormwater runoff on water quality and water quantity in receiving water bodies and maintain groundwater recharge. The standards do not apply to new major development to the extent that alternative design and performance standards are applicable under a regional stormwater management plan or Water Quality Management Plan adopted in accordance with Department rules provided that any alternative standards provide at least as much protection from stormwater-related loss of groundwater recharge, stormwater quantity and water quality impacts of major development projects as would be provided under the standards in N.J.A.C. 7:8-5.
3. 
Design Standards shall be in accordance with the Residential Site Improvement Standards, N.J.A.C. 5:21-7, Stormwater Management, the NJ Department of Environmental Protection (NJDEP) Flood Hazard Area Control, Stormwater Management Regulations, N.J.A.C. 7:13-2.8 and New Jersey Stormwater Best Management Practices Manual, which standards are hereby adopted by reference and made part of these regulations. A copy of said standards, including all amendments; revisions and supplements thereto shall be kept on file in the files of the Township Engineer and Township Clerk.
4. 
The rate and velocity of runoff from the site following completion of the developed portion of the site shall be reduced, in accordance with the regulations referenced in paragraphs 1 and 2 above, from that which would occur prior to land disturbance and/or construction activities. Runoff coefficients shall be determined in accordance with the regulations referenced in paragraphs 1 and 2 above.
5. 
Maximum use shall be made of presently existing surface water runoff control devices, mechanisms or areas such as existing berms, terraces, grass waterways, favorable hydrologic soils, swamps, swales, watercourses, woodlands, floodplains, as well as any proposed detention and/or retention structures.
6. 
Wherever permitted by the zoning regulations, cluster development should be encouraged if it will reduce the total area of impervious surfaces and preserve the open space and topographic features critical to stormwater management.
7. 
Evaluation shall be made of the nature of the subwatershed(s) of which the site is part, the receiving stream channel capacities and point of concentration and effects on downstream structures.
8. 
Generally, surface water runoff shall not be transferred from one watershed to another.
9. 
The plan shall coordinate with the soil erosion/sediment control plan and, where applicable, to other environmental ordinances in force.
10. 
Reestablishing vegetative cover shall be in accordance with "Standards and Specifications for Soil Erosion and Sediment Control in New Jersey" (latest edition).
11. 
Prior to construction or other land disturbance, the developer's Site Development Stormwater Management Plan (SDSMP) shall establish permanent surface water management measures, such as seeding or establishing sod in grass waterways.
12. 
Calculations for stormwater quantity shall be submitted for 1-, 2-, 10-, 25-, 50- and 100-year storm frequencies. Runoff rate control must be achieved for storms up to and including 24-hour events.
13. 
A single residential lot created by subdivision that has a total land disturbance of less than one (1) acre and proposed impervious coverage less than one-quarter (1/4) acre may, in lieu of the requirements of this section, utilize the following methodology for providing stormwater quantity reduction: provide drywell storage for a volume equal to the roof area of proposed dwelling multiplied by two and one-half (2.5) inches. The design shall consider soil suitability, topography and vegetation. Construction details shall be approved by the Township Engineer.
14. 
Floor drains in commercial establishments, where proposed, shall be provided with adequate water quality control upstream of connections to storm sewers that drain into wetlands, surface or groundwaters. Untreated floor drains shall not be permitted to flow from garden centers or any area where hazardous materials are stored.
[Ord. No. 06-07 § 13-8.403]
A. 
Developments shall incorporate a maintenance plan for the stormwater management measures incorporated into the design of developments in accordance with Section 13-8.409. Minor development projects shall comply with quantity reduction and the groundwater recharge requirements of this Ordinance.
B. 
Stormwater management measures shall avoid adverse impacts of concentrated flow on habitat for threatened and endangered species as documented in the Department Landscape Project or Natural Heritage Database established under N.J.S.A. 13:1B-15.147 through 15.150.
C. 
The following linear development projects are exempt from the groundwater recharge, stormwater runoff quantity, and stormwater runoff quality requirements of subsections F. and G. of this section:
1. 
The construction of an underground utility line provided that the disturbed areas are revegetated upon completion;
2. 
The construction of an aboveground utility line provided that the existing conditions are maintained to the maximum extent practicable; and
3. 
The construction of a public pedestrian access, such as a sidewalk or trail with a maximum width of fourteen (14) feet, provided that the access is made of permeable material.
D. 
A waiver from strict compliance from the groundwater recharge, stormwater runoff quantity, and stormwater runoff quality requirements of subsections F. and G. of this section may be obtained for the enlargement of an existing public roadway or railroad; or the construction or enlargement of a public pedestrian access, provided that the following conditions are met:
1. 
The applicant demonstrates that there is a public need for the project that cannot be accomplished by any other means;
2. 
The applicant demonstrates through an alternatives analysis, that through the use of nonstructural and structural stormwater management strategies and measures, the option selected complies with the requirements of subsections F. and G. to the maximum extent practicable;
3. 
The applicant demonstrates that, in order to meet the requirements of subsections F. and G., existing structures currently in use, such as homes and buildings, would need to be condemned; and
4. 
The applicant demonstrates that it does not own or have other rights to areas, including the potential to obtain through condemnation lands not falling under subsection D3 above within the upstream drainage area of the receiving stream, that would provide additional opportunities to mitigate the requirements of subsections F and G that were not achievable on site.
E. 
Nonstructural Stormwater Management Strategies.
1. 
To the maximum extent practicable, the standards in subsections F. and G. of this section shall be met by incorporating nonstructural stormwater management strategies set forth at subsection E. of this section into the design. The applicant shall identify the nonstructural measures incorporated into the design of the project. If the applicant contends that it is not feasible for engineering, environmental, or safety reasons to incorporate any nonstructural stormwater management measures identified under subsection E2 of this section into the design of a particular project, the applicant shall identify the strategy considered and provide a basis for the contention.
2. 
Nonstructural stormwater management strategies incorporated into site design shall:
(a) 
Protect areas that provide water quality benefits or areas particularly susceptible to erosion and sediment loss;
(b) 
Minimize impervious surfaces and break up or disconnect the flow of runoff over impervious surfaces;
(c) 
Maximize the protection of natural drainage features and vegetation;
(d) 
Minimize the decrease in the "time of concentration" from preconstruction to post construction. "Time of concentration" is defined as the time it takes for runoff to travel from the hydraulically most distant point of the watershed to the point of interest within a watershed;
(e) 
Minimize land disturbance including clearing and grading;
(f) 
Minimize soil compaction;
(g) 
Provide low-maintenance landscaping that encourages retention and planting of native vegetation and minimizes the use of lawns, fertilizers and pesticides;
(h) 
Provide vegetated open-channel conveyance systems discharging into and through stable vegetated areas;
(i) 
Provide other source controls to prevent or minimize the use or exposure of pollutants at the site, in order to prevent or minimize the release of those pollutants into stormwater runoff. Such source controls include, but are not limited to:
(1) 
Site design features that help to prevent accumulation of trash and debris in drainage systems, including features that satisfy subsection E3 below;
(2) 
Site design features that help to prevent discharge of trash and debris from drainage systems;
(3) 
Site design features that help to prevent and/or contain spills or other harmful accumulations of pollutants at industrial or commercial developments; and
(4) 
When establishing vegetation after land disturbance, applying fertilizer in accordance with the requirements established under the Soil Erosion and Sediment Control Act, N.J.S.A. 4:24-39 et seq., and implementing rules.
3. 
Site design features identified under subsection E2(i)(2) above shall comply with the following standard to control passage of solid and floatable materials through storm drain inlets. For exemptions to this standard see subsection E3(c) of this section below.
(a) 
Design engineers shall use either of the following grates whenever they use a grate in pavement or another ground surface to collect stormwater from that surface into a storm drain or surface water body under that grate:
(1) 
The New Jersey Department of Transportation (NJDOT) bicycle safe grate, which is described in Chapter 2.4 of the NJDOT Bicycle Compatible Roadways and Bikeways Planning and Design Guidelines (April 1996); or
(2) 
A different grate, if each individual clear space in that grate has an area of no more than seven (7.0) square inches, or is no greater than 0.5 inches across the smallest dimension.
Examples of grates subject to this standard include grates in grate inlets, the grate portion (non-curb-opening portion) of combination inlets, grates on storm sewer manholes, ditch grates, trench grates, and grates of spacer bars in slotted drains. Examples of ground surfaces include surfaces of roads (including bridges), driveways, parking areas, bikeways, plazas, sidewalks, lawns, fields, open channels, and stormwater basin floors.
(b) 
Whenever design engineers use a curb-opening inlet, the clear space in that curb opening (or each individual clear space, if the curb opening has two (2) or more clear spaces) shall have an area of no more than seven (7.0) square inches, or be no greater than two (2.0) inches across the smallest dimension. The top of the head piece shall be stamped with the phrase "Drains to Waterway."
(c) 
This standard does not apply:
(1) 
Where the Township Engineer determines that this standard would cause inadequate hydraulic performance that could not practicably be overcome by using additional or larger storm drain inlets that meet these standards;
(2) 
Where flows from the water quality design storm as specified in subsection G1 of this section are conveyed through any device (e.g., end of pipe netting facility, manufactured treatment device, or a catch basin hood) that is designed, at a minimum, to prevent delivery of all solid and floatable materials that could not pass through one of the following:
[a] 
A rectangular space four and five-eighths (4 5/8) inches long and one and one-half (1 1/2) inches wide (this option does not apply for outfall netting facilities); or
[b] 
A bar screen having a bar spacing of 0.5 inches.
(3) 
Where flows are conveyed through a trash rack that has parallel bars with one (1) inch spacing between the bars, to the elevation of the water quality design storm as specified in subsection G1 of this section; or
(4) 
Where the New Jersey Department of Environmental Protection determines, pursuant to the New Jersey Register of Historic Places Rules at N.J.A.C. 7:4-7.2(c), that action to meet this standard is an undertaking that constitutes an encroachment or will damage or destroy the New Jersey Register listed historic property.
4. 
Any land area used as a nonstructural stormwater management measure to meet the performance standards in subsection F. and G. of this section shall be dedicated to a government agency, subjected to a conservation restriction filed with the Morris County Clerk's office, or subject to an approved equivalent restriction that ensures that measure or an equivalent stormwater management measure approved by the reviewing agency is maintained in perpetuity.
5. 
Guidance for nonstructural stormwater management strategies is available in the New Jersey Stormwater Best Management Practices Manual. The BMP Manual may be obtained from the address identified in Section 13-8.406 of this Ordinance, or found on the Department's website at www.njstormwater.org.
F. 
Erosion Control, Groundwater Recharge and Runoff Quantity Standards.
1. 
This subsection contains minimum design and performance standards to control erosion, encourage and control infiltration and groundwater recharge, and control stormwater runoff quantity impacts of major and minor developments.
(a) 
The minimum design and performance standards for erosion control shall comply with Section 13-8.3 entitled "Soil Erosion and Sediment Control Standards."
(b) 
The minimum design and performance standards for groundwater recharge are as follows:
(1) 
The design engineer shall, using the assumptions and factors for stormwater runoff and groundwater recharge calculations at Section 13-8.404 of this Ordinance, either:
[a] 
Demonstrate through hydrologic and hydraulic analysis that the site and its stormwater management measures maintain one hundred (100%) percent of the average annual preconstruction groundwater recharge volume for the site; or
[b] 
Demonstrate through hydrologic and hydraulic analysis that the increase of stormwater runoff volume from preconstruction to post-construction for the 2-year storm is infiltrated.
(2) 
This groundwater recharge requirement does not apply to projects within the "urban redevelopment area," or to projects subject to paragraph (3) below.
(3) 
The following types of stormwater shall not be recharged:
[a] 
Stormwater from areas of high pollutant loading. High pollutant loading areas are areas in industrial and commercial developments where solvents and/or petroleum products are loaded/unloaded, stored, or applied, areas where pesticides are loaded/unloaded or stored; areas where hazardous materials are expected to be present in greater than "reportable quantities" as defined by the United States Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) at 40 CFR 302.4; areas where recharge would be inconsistent with Department approved remedial action work plan or landfill closure plan and areas with high risks for spills of toxic materials, such as gas stations and vehicle maintenance facilities; and
[b] 
Industrial stormwater exposed to source material.
(4) 
The design engineer shall assess the hydraulic impact on the groundwater table and design the site so as to avoid adverse hydraulic impacts. Potential adverse hydraulic impacts include, but are not limited to, exacerbating a naturally or seasonally high water table so as to cause surficial ponding, flooding of basements, or interference with the proper operation of subsurface sewage disposal systems and other subsurface structures in the vicinity or down gradient of the groundwater recharge area.
(5) 
The design engineer shall review Section 13-7.825 entitled "Protection of Critical Aquifer Recharge Areas" during the assessment evaluation of the groundwater recharge requirement of a given project.
(6) 
In order to control stormwater runoff quantity impacts for major development projects, the design engineer shall, using the assumptions and factors for stormwater runoff calculations at Section 13-8.404 of this Ordinance, complete one of the following:
[a] 
Demonstrate through hydrologic and hydraulic analysis that for stormwater leaving the site, post-construction runoff hydrographs for the 1-, 2-, 10-, 25-, 50- and 100-year storm events do not exceed, at any point in time, the preconstruction runoff hydrographs for the same storm events;
[b] 
Demonstrate through hydrologic and hydraulic analysis that there is no increase, as compared to the preconstruction condition, in the peak runoff rates of stormwater leaving the site for the 1-, 2-, 10-, 25-, 50- and 100-year storm events and that the increased volume or change in timing of stormwater runoff will not increase flood damage at or downstream of the site. This analysis shall include the analysis of impacts of existing land uses and projected land uses assuming full development under existing zoning and land use ordinances in the drainage area;
[c] 
Design stormwater management measures so that the post-construction peak runoff rates for the 2-, 10- and 100-year storm events are 50, 75 and 80 percent, respectively, of the preconstruction peak runoff rates. The percentages apply only to the post-construction stormwater runoff that is attributable to the portion of the site on which the proposed development or project is to be constructed.
[d] 
Stormwater quantity reduction measures shall be designed to accommodate either the 24-hour, Type III storm as defined by the Soil Conservation Service or the critical storm, resulting in the maximum storage requirements, using the Modified Rational Method or the use of Universal Rational Hydrographs. The inflow hydrographs shall be routed through the detention facility using the Storage Indication Method, or a method approved by the Township Engineer.
[e] 
Applicants for minor developments shall design stormwater detention facilities so that the post-construction peak runoff rate for the 25-year storm event is seventy-five (75%) percent or less than the preconstruction runoff rate. The percentages shall relate to the portion of the site on which the proposed development or project is to be constructed. The amount of runoff that is recharged shall be excluded from this calculation.
[f] 
Ponds or impoundments involving embankment heights exceeding five (5) feet measured from the lowest toe of the embankment to the emergency spillway crest or top of berm shall be subject to the NJDEP Dam Safety Regulations (N.J.A.C. 7:20 et seq.). All embankment ponds shall be constructed under the supervision of a qualified soils consultant, which will certify proper construction techniques to the Township Engineer. The cost of said certified soils consultant shall be the responsibility of the developer.
[g] 
All design for stormwater quantity facilities shall be accompanied by detailed calculations providing orifice and weir formula data, inflow and outflow hydrograph data, stage/storage/outflow data and basin routing data. Summary data shall include the time and quantity or peak outflow, maximum elevation, and maximum basin volume utilized in cubic feet for each design storm in accordance with applicable regulations. These calculations shall be included as part of the SDSMP.
[h] 
Any application for a new agricultural development that meets the definition of major development at Section 13-8.401 shall be submitted to the appropriate Soil Conservation District for review and approval in accordance with the requirements of this section and any applicable Soil Conservation District guidelines for stormwater runoff quantity and erosion control. For the purposes of this section, "agricultural development" means land uses normally associated with the production of food, fiber and livestock for sale. Such uses do not include the development of land for the processing or sale of food and the manufacturing of agriculturally related products.
G. 
Stormwater Runoff Quality Standards. Minor development projects as defined by this Ordinance do not have to comply with the Stormwater Water Quality Standards.
1. 
Stormwater management measures shall be designed to reduce the post-construction load of total suspended solids (TSS) in stormwater runoff by eighty (80%) percent of the anticipated load from the developed site, expressed as an annual average. Stormwater management measures shall only be required for water quality control if an additional one-quarter (1/4) acre of impervious surface is being proposed on a development site. The requirement to reduce TSS does not apply to combined sewers or any stormwater runoff in a discharge regulated under a numeric effluent limitation for TSS imposed under the New Jersey Pollution Discharge Elimination System (NJPDES) rules, N.J.A.C. 7:14A, or in a discharge specifically exempt under a NJPDES permit from this requirement. The water quality design storm is one and one-quarter (1.25) inches of rainfall in two (2) hours. Water quality calculations shall take into account the distribution of rain from the water quality design storm, as reflected in Table 1. The calculation of the volume of runoff may take into account the implementation of nonstructural and structural stormwater management measures.
Table 1
Water Quality Design Storm Distribution
Time
(Minutes)
Cumulative Rainfall
(Inches)
Time
(Minutes)
Cumulative Rainfall
(Inches)
0
0.0000
65
0.8917
5
0.0083
70
0.9917
10
0.0166
75
1.0500
15
0.0250
80
1.0840
20
0.0500
85
1.1170
25
0.0750
90
1.1500
30
0.1000
95
1.1750
35
0.1330
100
1.2000
40
0.1660
105
1.2250
45
0.2000
110
1.2334
50
0.2583
115
1.2417
55
0.3583
120
1.2500
60
0.6250
2. 
For purposes of TSS reduction calculations, Table 2 below presents the presumed removal rates for certain BMPs designed in accordance with the New Jersey Stormwater Best Management Practices Manual. The BMP Manual may be obtained from the address identified in Section 13-8.406 of this Ordinance, or found on the Department's website at www.njstormwater.org. The BMP Manual and other sources of technical guidance are listed in Section 13-8.406. TSS reduction shall be calculated based on the removal rates for the BMPs in Table 2 below. Alternative removal rates and methods of calculating removal rates may be used if the design engineer provides documentation demonstrating the capability of these alternative rates and methods to the review agency. A copy of any approved alternative rate or method of calculating the removal rate shall be provided to the Department for approval at the following address: Division of Watershed Management, New Jersey Department of Environmental Protection, PO Box 418, Trenton, New Jersey, 08625-0418.
3. 
If more than one (1) BMP in series is necessary to achieve the required eighty (80%) percent TSS reduction for a site, the applicant shall utilize the following formula to calculate TSS reduction:
R = A + B - (AxB)/100
Where
R = total TSS percent load removal from application of both BMPs, and
A = the TSS percent removal rate applicable to the first BMP
B = the TSS percent removal rate applicable to the second BMP
Table 2
TSS Removal Rates for BMPs
Best Management Practice
TSS Percent Removal Rate
Bioretention Systems
90
Constructed Stormwater Wetland
90
Extended Detention Basin
40-60
Infiltration Structure
80
Manufactured Treatment Device
See Section 13-8.405C
Sand Filter
80
Vegetative Filter Strip
60-80
Wet Pond
50-90
4. 
If there is more than one (1) on-site drainage area, the eighty (80%) percent TSS removal rate shall apply to each drainage area, unless the runoff from the subareas converge on site in which case the removal rate can be demonstrated through a calculation using a weighted average.
5. 
Stormwater management measures shall also be designed to reduce, to the maximum extent feasible, the post-construction nutrient load of the anticipated load from the developed site in stormwater runoff generated from the water quality design storm. In achieving reduction of nutrients to the maximum extent feasible, the design of the site shall include nonstructural strategies and structural measures that optimize nutrient removal while still achieving the performance standards in subsections F. and G. of this section.
6. 
Additional information and examples of stormwater quality BMPs are contained in the New Jersey Stormwater Best Management Practices Manual, which may be obtained from the address identified in Section 13-8.406.
7. 
In accordance with the definition of FW1 at N.J.A.C. 7:9B-1.4, stormwater management measures shall be designed to prevent any increase in stormwater runoff to waters classified as FW1.
8. 
Special water resource protection areas shall be established along all waters designated Category One at N.J.A.C. 7:9B, and perennial or intermittent streams that drain into or upstream of the Category One waters as shown on the USGS Quadrangle Maps or in the County Soil Surveys, within the associated HUC14 drainage area. These areas shall be established for the protection of water quality, aesthetic value, exceptional ecological significance, exceptional recreational significance, exceptional water supply significance, and exceptional fisheries significance of those established Category One waters. These areas shall be designated and protected as follows:
(a) 
The applicant shall preserve and maintain a special water resource protection area in accordance with one of the following:
(1) 
A 300-foot special water resource protection area shall be provided on each side of the waterway, measured perpendicular to the waterway from the top of the bank outwards or from the centerline of the waterway where the bank is not defined, consisting of existing vegetation or vegetation allowed to follow natural succession is provided.
(2) 
Encroachment within the designated special water resource protection area under paragraph (1) above shall only be allowed where previous development or disturbance has occurred (for example, active agricultural use, parking area or maintained lawn area). The encroachment shall only be allowed where applicant demonstrates that the functional value and overall condition of the special water resource protection area will be maintained to the maximum extent practicable. In no case shall the remaining special water resource protection area be reduced to less than one hundred fifty (150) feet as measured perpendicular to the top of bank of the waterway or centerline of the waterway where the bank is undefined. All encroachments proposed under this subparagraph shall be subject to review and approval by the Department.
(b) 
All stormwater shall be discharged outside of and flow through the special water resource protection area and shall comply with the Standard for Off-Site Stability in the "Standards For Soil Erosion and Sediment Control in New Jersey," established under the Soil Erosion and Sediment Contract Act, N.J.S.A. 4:24-39 et seq.
(c) 
If stormwater discharged outside of and flowing through the special water resource protection area cannot comply with the Standard for Off-Site Stability in the "Standards For Soil Erosion and Sediment Control in New Jersey," established under the Soil Erosion and Sediment Control Act, N.J.S.A. 4:24-39 et seq., then the stabilization measures in accordance with the requirements of the above standards may be placed within the special water resource protection area, provided that:
(1) 
Stabilization measures shall not be placed within one hundred fifty (150) feet of the Category One waterway;
(2) 
Stormwater associated with discharges allowed by this section shall achieve a ninety-five (95%) percent TSS post-construction removal rate;
(3) 
Temperature shall be addressed to ensure no impact on the receiving waterway.
(4) 
The encroachment shall only be allowed where the applicant demonstrates that the functional value and overall condition of the special water resource protection area will be maintained to the maximum extent practicable.
(5) 
A conceptual project design meeting shall be held with the appropriate Department staff and Soil Conservation District staff to identify necessary stabilization measures; and
(6) 
All encroachments proposed under this section shall be subject to review and approval by the Department.
(d) 
A stream corridor protection plan may be developed by a regional stormwater management planning committee as an element of a regional stormwater management plan, or by a municipality through an adopted municipal stormwater management plan. If a stream corridor protection plan for a waterway subject to subsection G8 above has been approved by the Department of Environmental Protection, then the provisions of the plan shall be the applicable special water resource protection area requirements for that waterway. A stream corridor protection plan for a waterway subject to subsection G8 shall maintain or enhance the current functional value and overall condition of the special water resource protection area as defined in subsection G8(a)(1) above. In no case shall a stream corridor protection plan allow the reduction of the Special Water Resource Protection Area to less than one hundred fifty (150) feet as measured perpendicular to the waterway subject to this subsection.
(e) 
Subsection G8 above does not apply to the construction of one (1) individual single family dwelling that is not part of a larger development on a lot receiving preliminary or final subdivision approval on or before February 2, 2004, provided that the construction begins on or before February 2, 2009.
[Ord. No. 06-07 § 13-8.404]
A. 
Stormwater runoff shall be calculated in accordance with the following:
1. 
The design engineer shall calculate runoff using one of the following methods:
(a) 
The USDA Natural Resources Conservation Service (NRCS) methodology, including the NRCS Runoff Equation and Dimensionless Unit Hydrograph, as described in the NRCS National Engineering Handbook Section 4 — Hydrology and Technical Release 55 — Urban Hydrology for Small Watersheds or superseding document; or
(b) 
The Rational Method for peak flow and the Modified Rational Method for hydrograph computations.
2. 
For the purpose of calculating runoff coefficients and groundwater recharge, there is a presumption that the preconstruction condition of a site or portion thereof is a wooded land use with good hydrologic condition. The term "runoff coefficient" applies to both the NRCS methodology at subsection A1(a) of this section and the Rational and Modified Rational Methods at subsection A1(b) of this section. A runoff coefficient or a groundwater recharge land cover for an existing condition may be used on all or a portion of the site if the design engineer verifies that the hydrologic condition has existed on the site or portion of the site for at least five (5) years without interruption prior to the time of application. If more than one (1) land cover have existed on the site during the five (5) years immediately prior to the time of application, the land cover with the lowest runoff potential shall be used for the computations. In addition, there is the presumption that the site is in good hydrologic condition (if the land use type is pasture, lawn, or park), with good cover (if the land use type is woods), or with good hydrologic condition and conservation treatment (if the land use type is cultivation).
3. 
In computing preconstruction stormwater runoff, the design engineer shall account for all significant land features and structures, such as ponds, wetlands, depressions, hedgerows, or culverts that may reduce preconstruction stormwater runoff rates and volumes.
4. 
In computing stormwater runoff from all design storms, the design engineer shall consider the relative stormwater runoff rates and/or volumes of pervious and impervious surfaces separately to accurately compute the rates and volume of stormwater runoff from the site. To calculate runoff from unconnected impervious cover, urban impervious area modifications as described in the NRCS Technical Release 55 — Urban Hydrology for Small Watersheds and other methods may be employed.
5. 
If the invert of the outlet structure of a stormwater management measure is below the flood hazard design flood elevation as defined at N.J.A.C. 7:13, the design engineer shall take into account the effects of tailwater in the design of structural stormwater management measures.
B. 
Groundwater recharge, where required, may be calculated in accordance with the following:
1. 
The New Jersey Geological Survey Report GSR-32 A Method for Evaluating Ground-Water Recharge Areas in New Jersey, incorporated herein by reference as amended and supplemented. Information regarding the methodology is available from the New Jersey Stormwater Best Management Practices Manual; at http://www.state.nj.us/dep/njgs/; or at New Jersey Geological Survey, 29 Arctic Parkway, P.O. Box, 427 Trenton, New Jersey, 08625-0427; (609) 984-6587.
[Ord. No. 06-07 § 13-8.405]
A. 
Standards for structural stormwater management measures are as follows:
1. 
Structural stormwater management measures shall be designed to take into account the existing site conditions, including, for example, environmentally critical areas, wetlands; flood-prone areas; slopes; depth to seasonal high water table; soil type, permeability and texture; drainage area and drainage patterns; and the presence of solution-prone carbonate rocks (limestone).
2. 
Structural stormwater management measures shall be designed to minimize maintenance, facilitate maintenance and repairs, and ensure proper functioning. Trash racks shall be installed at the intake to the outlet structure as appropriate, and shall have parallel bars with one (1) inch spacing between the bars to the elevation of the water quality design storm. For elevations higher than the water quality design storm, the parallel bars at the outlet structure shall be spaced no greater than one-third (1/3) the width of the diameter of the orifice or one-third (1/3) the width of the weir, with a minimum spacing between bars of one (1) inch and a maximum spacing between bars of four (4) inches. In addition, the design of trash racks must comply with the requirements of Section 13-8.407B.
3. 
Structural stormwater management measures shall be designed, constructed, and installed to be strong, durable, and corrosion resistant. Measures that are consistent with the relevant portions of the Residential Site Improvement Standards at N.J.A.C. 5:21-7.3, 7.4, and 7.5 shall be deemed to meet this requirement.
4. 
At the intake to the outlet from the stormwater management basin, the orifice size shall be a minimum of two and one-half (2 1/2) inches in diameter.
5. 
Stormwater management basins shall be designed to meet the minimum safety standards for stormwater management basins at Section 13-8.407.
6. 
Where tailwater will affect the hydraulic performance of a stormwater management measure, the design engineer shall include such effects in the measures design.
B. 
Stormwater management measure guidelines are available in the New Jersey Stormwater Best Management Practices Manual. Other stormwater management measures may be utilized provided the design engineer demonstrates that the proposed measure and its design will accomplish the required water quantity, groundwater recharge and water quality design and performance standards established by Section 13-8.403 of this Ordinance.
C. 
Manufactured treatment devices may be used to meet the requirements of Section 13-8.403 of this Ordinance, provided the pollutant removal rates are verified by the New Jersey Corporation for Advanced Technology and certified by the Department.
D. 
The design of stormwater conveyance systems shall incorporate the use of the curb cuts that will direct stormwater runoff into vegetated swales and other vegetated areas to allow the disconnection of impervious areas. This method shall be used to drain roadways, parking lots and landscaped areas.
E. 
Longitudinal and cross drains shall be designed to convey runoff resulting from a storm of 25-year frequency.
F. 
Stormwater quantities shall be calculated using the Rational Method. Rainfall intensity shall be as determined from the rainfall intensity curves for Morris County contained in the Morris County Stormwater Management Technical Guide. The minimum time of concentration shall be ten (10) minutes.
G. 
Storm sewers shall be of reinforced concrete pipe with a minimum rating of Class III or a NJDOT approved equal high-density polyethylene. Pipeline capacities shall be determined using Manning's Equation with roughness coefficients of 0.013 for concrete and 0.01 for polyethylene. Minimum pipe size shall be fifteen (15) inches.
H. 
Pipelines shall be placed on grades, which will assure a minimum velocity of two (2) feet per second when flowing one-half (1/2) full.
I. 
Manholes or inlets shall be provided at intervals not exceeding four hundred (400) feet and wherever branches are connected or changes occur in alignment or grade, excepting the first inlet in a collection system along a cartway. Alignment of pipes shall be straight between manholes and inlets. Manholes and inlet pipes shall be straight between manholes or inlets. Manholes and inlet castings shall be of cast iron construction suitable for heavy-duty highway traffic loading. Grate patterns shall be in accordance with Section 13-8.403 of this Ordinance.
J. 
Where storm sewers included pipelines and vegetated swales are installed in easements, said easements shall be a minimum of twenty (20) feet in width.
K. 
The use of natural vegetated swales in lieu of inlets and pipes are encouraged to be used for drainage purposes.
[Ord. No. 06-07 § 13-8.406]
A. 
Technical guidance for stormwater management measures can be found in the documents listed at paragraphs 1 and 2 below, which are available from Maps and Publications, New Jersey Department of Environmental Protection, 428 East State Street, P.O. Box 420, Trenton, New Jersey, 08625; telephone (609) 777-1038.
1. 
Guidelines for stormwater management measures are contained in the New Jersey Stormwater Best Management Practices Manual, as amended. Information is provided on stormwater management measures such as: bioretention systems, constructed stormwater wetlands, dry wells, extended detention basins, infiltration structures, manufactured treatment devices, pervious paving, sand filters, vegetative filter strips, and wet ponds.
2. 
The New Jersey Department of Environmental Protection Stormwater Management Facilities Maintenance Manual, as amended.
B. 
Additional technical guidance for stormwater management measures can be obtained from the following:
1. 
The "Standards for Soil Erosion and Sediment Control in New Jersey" promulgated by the State Soil Conservation Committee and incorporated into N.J.A.C. 2:90. Copies of these standards may be obtained by contacting the State Soil Conservation Committee or any of the Soil Conservation Districts listed in N.J.A.C. 2:90-1.3(a)4. The location, address, and telephone number of each Soil Conservation District may be obtained from the State Soil Conservation Committee, P.O. Box 330, Trenton, New Jersey, 08625; (609) 292-5540;
2. 
The Rutgers Cooperative Extension Service, (732) 932-9306; and
3. 
The Morris County Soil Conservation District, 560 West Hanover Avenue, Morris Township, New Jersey, 07950; telephone (973) 285-2953.
[Ord. No. 06-07 § 13-8.407]
A. 
This section sets forth requirements to protect public safety through the proper design and operation of stormwater management basins. This Section applies to all existing and new stormwater management basins.
B. 
Requirements for Trash Racks, Overflow Grates and Escape Provisions.
1. 
A trash rack is a device designed to catch trash and debris and prevent the clogging of outlet structures. Trash racks shall be installed at the intake to the outlet from the stormwater management basin to ensure proper functioning of the basin outlets in accordance with the following:
(a) 
The trash rack shall have parallel bars, with no greater than four (4) inch spacing between the bars.
(b) 
The trash rack shall be designed so as not to adversely affect the hydraulic performance of the outlet pipe or structure.
(c) 
The average velocity of flow through a clean trash rack is not to exceed two and one-half (2.5) feet per second under the full range of stage and discharge. Velocity is to be computed on the basis of the net area of opening through the rack.
(d) 
The trash rack shall be constructed and installed to be rigid, durable, and corrosion resistant, and shall be designed to withstand a perpendicular live loading of three hundred (300) lbs./ft. sq.
2. 
An overflow grate is designed to prevent obstruction of the overflow structure. If an outlet structure has an overflow grate, such grate shall meet the following requirements:
(a) 
The overflow grate shall be secured to the outlet structure but removable for emergencies and maintenance.
(b) 
The overflow grate spacing shall be no less than two (2) inches across the smallest dimension.
(c) 
The overflow grate shall be constructed and installed to be rigid, durable, and corrosion resistant, and shall be designed to withstand a perpendicular live loading of three hundred (300) lbs./ft. sq.
3. 
For purposes of this paragraph 3, escape provisions means the permanent installation of ladders, steps, rungs, or other features that provide easily accessible means of egress from stormwater management basins. Stormwater management basins shall include escape provisions as follows:
(a) 
If a stormwater management basin has an outlet structure, escape provisions shall be incorporated in or on the structure. With the prior approval of the reviewing agency identified in subsection C. of this section a freestanding outlet structure may be exempted from this requirement.
(b) 
Safety ledges shall be constructed on the slopes of all new stormwater management basins having a permanent pool of water deeper than two and one-half (2 1/2) feet. Such safety ledges shall be comprised of two (2) steps. Each step shall be four (4) to six (6) feet in width. One (1) step shall be located approximately two and one-half (2 1/2) feet below the permanent water surface, and the second step shall be located one to one (1) and one-half feet (1 1/2) above the permanent water surface. See subsection D. of this section for an illustration of safety ledges in a stormwater management basin.
(c) 
In new stormwater management basins, the maximum interior slope for an earthen dam, embankment, or berm shall not be steeper than 3 horizontal to 1 vertical.
C. 
Variance or Exemption from Safety Standards.
1. 
A variance or exemption from the safety standards for stormwater management basins may be granted only upon a written finding by the appropriate reviewing agency (Township of Roxbury, Morris County, or the NJDEP) that the variance or exemption will not constitute a threat to public safety.
D. 
Illustration of Safety Ledges in a New Stormwater Management Basin.
013 Elevation View.tif
[Ord. No. 06-2007 § 13-8.408]
A. 
Submission of Site Development Stormwater Plan.
1. 
Whenever an applicant seeks municipal approval of a development subject to this Ordinance, the applicant shall submit all of the required data for the Site Development Stormwater Management Plan (SDSMP) as specified in subsection C. of this section below as part of the submission of the applicant's application for subdivision or site plan approval.
The SDSMP shall be a written report together with maps, diagrams, charts, and data consistent with the purposes, policies and requirements of these provisions, which fully indicates the necessary land treatment measures and techniques including a schedule of implementation and maintenance.
Applicants for minor development projects are required to submit a simplified version SDSMP that shall include the information listed below as it may apply to a given project. The Maintenance Plan for Minor Development may be combined with the SDSMP at the time of application.
2. 
The applicant shall demonstrate that the project meets the standards set forth in this Ordinance.
3. 
The applicant shall establish a funding mechanism for maintenance of proposed stormwater control facilities.
4. 
The applicant shall initially submit six (6) copies of the materials listed in the Required Data for the SDSMP and the Maintenance and Repair Plan in accordance with subsection C. of this Ordinance in order for the application to be deemed complete in accordance with Section 13-6.1 entitled Complete Application Checklist. Once an application has been deemed complete the applicant will be required to submit additional copies of said information as directed by the Board Secretary or the Township Engineer.
B. 
Site Development Stormwater Plan Approval. The applicant's site development project shall be reviewed as a part of the subdivision or site plan review process by the municipal board or official from which municipal approval is sought. That municipal board or official shall consult the engineer retained by the Planning and/or Zoning Board (as appropriate) to determine if all of the checklist requirements have been satisfied and to determine if the project meets the standards set forth in this Ordinance.
C. 
Required Data. The SDSMP shall be coordinated with the submission requirements of other provisions of this Ordinance including the Soil Erosion and Sediment Control Plan requirements and shall contain:
1. 
Lot and Block numbers of the site as shown on the current tax map of the Township.
2. 
Name and address of the owner of the land.
3. 
Topographic Base Map. The Township Engineer may require upstream tributary drainage system information as necessary. The topographic base map of the site to be submitted shall extend a minimum of two hundred (200) feet beyond the limits of the proposed development, at a scale of 1"=200' or greater, showing 2-foot contour intervals. The map as appropriate may indicate the following: existing surface water drainage, shorelines, steep slopes, soils, erodible soils, perennial or intermittent streams that drain into or upstream of the Category One waters, wetlands and floodplains along with their appropriate buffer strips, marshlands and other wetlands, pervious or vegetative surfaces, existing man-made structures, roads, bearing and distances of property lines, and significant natural and man-made features not otherwise shown.
4. 
Environmental Site Analysis. A written and graphic description and quantification of significant natural and man-made features on and surrounding the site, including topography, all impervious surfaces, the description should include a discussion of soil conditions, slopes, wetlands, swamps, floodplains, swales, woods waterways and vegetation on the site. Particular attention should be given to unique, unusual, or environmentally sensitive features and to those that provide particular opportunities or constraints for development. In addition the report shall contain a detailed description of presently existing surface water runoff control devices, mechanisms or areas.
5. 
Size of the nearest culvert or bridge downstream of discharge area, profiles and cross section of channel upstream of that structure as inventoried on a map showing roadways, streams, culverts and bridges in the Township of Roxbury, as well as profiles and cross sections of stream channel at all points of proposed surface water discharge from the site, as required by the Township Engineer.
6. 
Designation of critical or other areas to be left undisturbed shall be shown in sufficient detail to be accurately marked on the land.
7. 
Proposed measures for surface water management. The applicant shall investigate the feasibility of on-site or off-site regional detention and/or retention measures.
8. 
A schedule of the sequence of installation of the proposed stormwater management facilities, related to the starting and completion dates of the project.
9. 
Project Description and Site Plan(s). A map (or maps) at the scale of the topographical base map indicating the location of existing and proposed buildings, roads, parking areas, utilities, structural facilities for stormwater management and sediment control, and other permanent structures. The map(s) shall also clearly show areas where alterations occur in the natural terrain and cover, including lawns and other landscaping, and seasonal high groundwater elevations. A written description of the site plan and justification of proposed changes in natural conditions may also be provided.
10. 
Land Use Planning and Source Control Plan. This plan shall provide a demonstration of how the goals and standards of Sections 13-8.402 through 13-8.405 are being met. The focus of this plan shall be to describe how the site is being developed to meet the objective of controlling groundwater recharge, stormwater quality and stormwater quantity problems at the source by land management and source controls whenever possible.
11. 
Stormwater Management Facilities Map. The following information, illustrated on a map of the same scale as the topographic base map, shall be included:
(a) 
Total area to be paved or built upon, proposed surface contours, land area to be occupied by the stormwater management facilities and the type of vegetation thereon, and details of the proposed plan to control and dispose of stormwater.
(b) 
Details of all stormwater management facility designs, during and after construction, including discharge provisions, discharge capacity for each outlet at different levels of detention and emergency spillway provisions with maximum discharge capacity of each spillway.
12. 
Calculations.
(a) 
Comprehensive hydrologic and hydraulic design calculations for the predevelopment and post-development conditions for the design storms specified in Section 13-8.403 of this Ordinance.
(b) 
When the proposed stormwater management control measures (e.g., infiltration basins) depend on the hydrologic properties of soils, then a soils report shall be submitted. The soils report shall be based on on-site boring logs or soil pit profiles. The number and location of required soil borings or soil pits shall be determined based on what is needed to determine the suitability and distribution of soils present at the location of the control measure.
13. 
Maintenance and Repair Plan. The design and planning of the stormwater management facility shall meet the maintenance requirements of Section 13-8.409. The maintenance and repair plan shall be submitted with the SDSMP.
14. 
All proposed revisions of the required data as well as such additional data as the municipal board may require.
15. 
Impact Statement. The SDSMP shall be specifically referenced and discussed in the event an Impact Statement is required for a major development as specified in Section 13-5.1 entitled "Impact Statement."
16. 
Waiver from Submission Requirements. The municipal official or board reviewing an application under this Ordinance may, in consultation with the Municipal Engineer, waive submission of any of the requirements in subsections C1 through C12 of this section when it can be demonstrated that the information requested is impossible to obtain or it would create a hardship on the applicant to obtain and its absence will not materially affect the review process.
[Ord. No. 06-2007 § 13-8.409]
A. 
Applicability.
1. 
Projects subject to review as defined in Section 13-8.400 of this Ordinance shall comply with the requirements of subsections B. and C. of this section.
B. 
Implementation.
1. 
Critical impact areas and other areas to be left undisturbed shall be physically marked with survey stakes or protected with temporary snow fence prior to any land disturbance.
2. 
The Board shall require the construction and/or installation of stormwater management improvements in accordance with the schedule of sequence of installation as approved.
3. 
Performance and maintenance guarantees as required under this Ordinance shall include guarantees as to approvals given by the Board in connection with the SDSMP.
4. 
The applicant shall bear full and final responsibility for the installation, construction and maintenance of all required surface water runoff control measures according to the provisions of his approved plan and this Ordinance. The applicant's engineer shall prepare and submit as-built drawings and certify that all surface water management measures have been constructed in accordance with the provisions of the applicant's approved plan under this Ordinance.
During the twelve (12) months subsequent to the date of completion, the Township Engineer shall be responsible for having the site inspected to ascertain that the provisions of the applicant's approved plan are complied with, including the limit of approved areas to be left undisturbed.
5. 
The SDSMP or any major revision shall be approved by the Board in the manner and form and according to the regulations hereafter set forth.
The Board, in approving said SDSMP, may impose lawful conditions or requirements designated or specified on or in connection therewith. These conditions and requirements shall be provided and maintained as a condition to the establishment, maintenance and continuance of any use or occupancy of any structure or land.
6. 
Minor revisions to a SDSMP may be approved by the Municipal Engineer who shall notify the Board in writing of the nature and reason for the change.
7. 
If at any time the Municipal Engineer finds existing conditions not as stated in the applicant's approved plan, the Board or its designated agent shall by certified mail return receipt requested, order cessation of all work and seek to enjoin the violation or take steps looking to the enforcement of the plan as may be lawful.
C. 
General Maintenance.
1. 
The design engineer shall prepare a maintenance plan for the stormwater management measures incorporated into the design of a major development and in addition to the requirements of Section 13-4.9, the developer shall establish a mechanism for funding said plan in compliance with this Ordinance.
2. 
The maintenance plan shall contain specific preventative maintenance tasks and schedules; cost estimates, including estimated cost of sediment, debris, or trash removal; and the name, address, and telephone number of the person or persons responsible for preventative and corrective maintenance (including replacement). Maintenance guidelines for stormwater management measures are available in the New Jersey Stormwater Best Management Practices Manual. If the maintenance plan identifies a person other than the developer (for example, a public agency or homeowners' association) as having the responsibility for maintenance, the plan shall include documentation of such person's agreement to assume this responsibility, or of the developer's obligation to dedicate a stormwater management facility to such person under an applicable ordinance or regulation.
3. 
Responsibility for maintenance shall not be assigned or transferred to the owner or tenant of an individual property in a residential development or project, unless such owner or tenant owns or leases the entire residential development or project.
4. 
If the person responsible for maintenance identified under subsection B2 above is not a public agency, the maintenance plan and any future revisions based on subsection B7 below shall be recorded upon the deed of record for each property on which the maintenance described in the maintenance plan must be undertaken. In addition, the Developer shall be responsible for posting a two (2) year maintenance guarantee with the Township in accordance with the provisions of N.J.S.A. 40:55D-53.
5. 
Preventative and corrective maintenance shall be performed to maintain the function of the stormwater management measure, including repairs or replacement to the structure; removal of sediment, debris, or trash; restoration of eroded areas; snow and ice removal; fence repair or replacement; restoration of vegetation; and repair or replacement of nonvegetated linings.
6. 
The person responsible for maintenance identified under subsection B2 above shall maintain a detailed log of all preventative and corrective maintenance for the structural stormwater management measures incorporated into the design of the development, including a record of all inspections and copies of all maintenance-related work orders.
7. 
The person responsible for maintenance identified under subsection B2 above shall evaluate the effectiveness of the maintenance plan at least once per year and adjust the plan and the deed as needed.
8. 
The person responsible for maintenance identified under subsection B2 above shall retain and make available, upon request by any public entity with administrative, health, environmental, or safety authority over the site, the maintenance plan and the documentation required by subsections B6 and B7 above.
9. 
The requirements of subsections B3 and B4 do not apply to stormwater management facilities that are dedicated to and accepted by the municipality or another governmental agency.
10. 
In the event that the stormwater management facility becomes a danger to public safety or public health, or if it is in need of maintenance or repair, the municipality shall so notify the responsible person in writing. Upon receipt of that notice, the responsible person shall have fourteen (14) days to effect maintenance and repair of the facility in a manner that is approved by the Municipal Engineer or his designee. The municipality, in its discretion, may extend the time allowed for effecting maintenance and repair for good cause. If the responsible person fails or refuses to perform such maintenance and repair, the municipality or County may immediately proceed to do so and shall bill the cost thereof to the responsible person.
11. 
Easements for access to and maintenance to the stormwater management facilities shall be established in favor of the Township. The easements shall be a minimum of twenty (20) feet in width and shall be suitably graded to permit vehicular access to the interior of stormwater management facility and around any earthen berm.
D. 
Nothing in this section shall preclude the municipality in which the major development is located from requiring the posting of a performance or maintenance guarantee in accordance with N.J.S.A. 40:55D-53.
[Ord. No. 06-2007 § 13-8.410]
A. 
Exceptions from strict compliance from the groundwater recharge, stormwater runoff quantity, and stormwater runoff quality requirements established by this Ordinance may be granted as described in the Municipal Mitigation Plan, at the discretion of the Township provided that all of the following conditions are met:
1. 
The request is consistent with requirements of the adopted Municipal Stormwater Mitigation Plan Section of the Municipal Stormwater Management Plan.
2. 
The applicant's engineer shall prepare a cost analysis that demonstrates that the construction cost of the mitigation project is equal to or greater than the construction cost of not providing the stormwater management measure that the waiver is being granted for.
3. 
The cost of designing, permitting, constructing and maintaining the mitigation project shall be the responsibility of the applicant.
4. 
The applicant shall be responsible to obtain all Federal, State, County and local permits that may be required for the mitigation project.
5. 
The design of the mitigation project shall be subject to review and approval of the Township Engineer including any additional consultants that are retained by the Township to review the mitigation project. The cost of said reviews shall also be the responsibility of the applicant.
6. 
The construction of the mitigation project shall coincide with the construction of the proposed development project.
7. 
The applicant demonstrates that mitigation, in addition to the requirements of mitigation plan discussed in paragraph 1. above, will be provided consistent with one of the following options.
(a) 
Mitigation may be provided off site, but within the same drainage area as the development site, and shall meet or exceed the equivalent recharge, quality or quantity performance standard which is lacking on the development site due to the exception; or
(b) 
In lieu of the required mitigation, a monetary "in lieu contribution" may be provided by the applicant to the Township in accordance with the following:
(1) 
The amount of the in lieu contribution required shall be equivalent to the cost of designing, permitting, constructing and maintaining the stormwater management measures for which the waiver is granted;
(2) 
The in lieu contribution shall be used to fund an off-site stormwater control mitigation project(s) located within the same drainage area as the development site, and shall meet or exceed the equivalent recharge, quality or quantity performance standards which is lacking on the development site. Such mitigation projects are identified in the adopted Municipal Stormwater Management Plan. The stormwater control project to which the monetary contribution will be applied shall be identified by the Township at the time the waiver is granted.
[Ord. No. 06-2007 § 13-8.411]
Any person who erects, constructs, alters, repairs, converts, maintains, or uses any building, structure or land in violation of this section shall, upon conviction thereof, be subject to the penalties provided for in Chapter III, Police Regulations, Section 3-1, "Penalty."
In filing an application for development, the applicant shall comply with the following utility and public improvement standards:
A. 
All electric, telephone and cable television lines shall be installed underground except as noted below.
B. 
Single family minor subdivisions and single family dwellings on existing single family lots are both exempt from this requirement if adjoining lots on the same side of the street have existing overhead service connections.
C. 
Lots which abut existing streets where overhead electric or telephone distribution lines have been installed, which poles are not to be relocated, may be supplied with electric and telephone service from such overhead lines or extensions thereof but the service connections to the structure from the overhead lines shall be installed underground.
D. 
The applicant shall arrange with the serving utility for the underground installation of utility supply lines and service connections in accordance with the provisions of the applicable standard terms and conditions incorporated as part of its tariff as are on file with the State of New Jersey Board of Public Utility Commissioners. Where required, the applicant shall also submit to the Planning Board prior to the granting of preliminary approval a written instrument from each serving utility that service will be provided.
E. 
Except as crossings required for system distribution and individual services, public utilities shall be routed within the road right-of-way.
F. 
Utility easements shall be located along property lines.
G. 
All work in connection with the installation of underground utilities within the street right-of-way shall be completed sufficiently in advance of the construction of curbs, pavement, sidewalks and other surface installations to allow for complete settlement and compaction by approved methods of all trenches and other excavations. In no case shall any construction work be permitted over any excavation which in the opinion of the Township Engineer has not completely settled or been properly compacted.
A. 
All uses and lots shall be properly connected with an approved functioning sanitary sewer system that is adequate to accommodate the reasonable needs of such a use or lot prior to the issuance of a Certificate of Occupancy. The design and installation shall be adequate to handle all present and probable future development. Plans and specifications shall be submitted for approval by the Township.
B. 
If a public sewer system is not in place or cannot be extended, then a community disposal system may be provided where approved by the Planning Board, Township Health Department; Township Engineer and applicable State statutes. Individual septic systems shall be consistent with the latest NJDEP approved Wastewater Management Plan.
C. 
All proposals for new public sewer systems or extensions to existing public sewer systems or the installation of "dry lines" or the use of individual subsurface or community disposal systems shall comply with the requirements of the Township of Roxbury Health Department, Engineering Department, Public Works Department and applicable State statues.
D. 
Before the Planning Board considers any minor subdivision, the Health Officer shall have approved each lot as capable of proper sewage disposal, either by being connectable to the public sewage disposal system or by use of some other approved method pursuant to local and State regulation.
E. 
Capacity allocation by the Roxbury Township Utility Committee or Director of Public Works, as applicable, and authorization by the Governing Body shall be obtained as a condition of approval.
F. 
If a public sanitary sewer system will be provided to the area within a six-year period as indicated in the municipal sewer master plan, Official Map, or other official document, the municipality may require installation of a capped system (mains, only) within the road right-of-way; or alternatively the municipality may require a payment in lieu of the improvement. Capped sanitary sewers shall be allowed only in areas indicated for sewer service in that of New Jersey Statewide Water Quality Management (WQM) Plans and where permitted by the NJDEP through sewer connection approval.
G. 
System Planning, Design, and Placement.
1. 
The planning, design, construction, installation, modification, and operation of any treatment works shall be in accordance with the applicable NJDEP regulations implementing the New Jersey Water Pollution Control Act (N.J.S.A. 58:10A-1 et seq.), the New Jersey Water Quality Planning Act (N.J.S.A. 58:11A-1 et seq.), and the Residential Site Improvement Standards, N.J.A.C. 5:21-6, Sanitary Sewers, and approved by the Director of Public Works. A comprehensive analysis which specifies the system design shall be prepared and submitted for Township approval.
2. 
All sanitary sewers, including outfalls, shall be designed to carry at least twice the estimated average design flow when flowing half full. In the case of large interceptor sewer systems, consideration may be given to modified designs.
3. 
Average daily residential sewer flow shall be calculated in accordance with current NJDEP Regulations.
4. 
System design and placement shall comply with the specifications set forth in NJDEP Regulations.
5. 
Plans for sanitary system shall reflect New Jersey State Regulations and Guidelines which implement the New Jersey Water Pollution Control Act (N.J.S.A. 58:10A-1 et seq.) and the New Jersey Water Quality Planning Act (N.J.S.A. 58:11A-1 et seq.).
6. 
The most desirable location for sanitary sewer mains shall be within the municipal right-of-way at or near the center line of the paved cartway.
7. 
Curved sewers shall not be approved. The minimum pipe diameter shall be eight (8) inch; and manhole spacing shall not exceed three hundred (300) feet.
8. 
Easements, which shall be in a form approved by the Municipal Engineer and Attorney, shall be required for all sanitary sewer lines which are not within a public right-of-way. Easements shall be a minimum of twenty (20) feet wide for sanitary sewers up to fifteen (15) feet deep; for sewers more than fifteen (15) feet deep, easements shall be thirty (30) feet wide. (Depth of sewer shall be measured from the design outlet invert of the pipe to the surface of the proposed final grading). Generally, sewers greater than fifteen (15) feet deep are not recommended.
9. 
As with water lines, common sanitary sewer service, a cost efficient design may be permitted for multifamily housing where there is an entity, such as a homeowners association, approved by the Township, responsible for the maintenance of the common laterals.
10. 
Minimum Slope.
(a) 
All sewers shall be designed to meet NJDEP slope standards.
(b) 
All sewers shall be designed to flow with a minimum velocity of two (2) feet per second and a maximum velocity of ten (10) feet per second at full flow based on Manning's Formula with n= 0.013. When PVC pipe is used, an n factor of 0.010 may be used. Inverted siphons shall be designed for minimum velocity of six (6) feet per second.
11. 
Pipe Materials.
(a) 
The applicant shall submit for approval details of the planned pipes, joints, fittings, etc. All materials used for sanitary sewer systems shall be manufactured in the United States, wherever available, as governed by Chapter 107, Laws 1982 of the State of New Jersey, effective date October 3, 1982. Specifications referred to below, such as ASA, ASTM, AWWA, etc. shall be the latest revision.
(b) 
Materials used in the construction of sewers, force mains, and outfalls shall be as follows: Gravity sewers shall be constructed of reinforced concrete, ductile iron, polyvinyl chloride (PVC), or acrylonitrile-butadiene-styrene (ABS) plastic pipe. Reinforced concrete pipe shall be used only in sizes 24: and larger. Inverted siphons, force mains, and outfalls shall be constructed of ductile iron pipe unless otherwise permitted by the municipality. Inverted siphons shall consist of two pipes with provisions for flushing. Flow control gates shall be provided in the chambers.
(c) 
Any sewer within one hundred (100) feet of a water supply well or a below-grade reservoir shall be of steel, reinforced concrete, cast iron, or other suitable material; shall be properly protected by completely watertight construction; and shall be tested for watertight construction; and shall be tested for watertightness after installation.
(d) 
Reinforced concrete pipe shall meet all the requirements of ASTM Specification C-76. All pipe should be Class IV strength except where stronger pipe is required.
(1) 
For depths less than three (3) feet, measured from the top of the pipe, installed under traffic areas, Marston Class IV pipe shall be required.
(2) 
The trench depths and bedding shall be the pipe classes noted, installed when site conditions allow with Class C, Ordinary Bedding.
(3) 
The existence of clay soils and other unusual loading conditions shall be given special consideration.
(e) 
Polyvinyl chloride sewer pipe (PVC) shall have bell and spigot ends and O-Ring rubber gasketed joints. PVC pipe and fittings shall conform to ASTM D-3034, with a wall thickness designation of SDR 35 (minimum).
(1) 
The plastic material from which the pipe and fittings are extruded shall be impact types of PVC, unplasticized, having high mechanical strength and maximum chemical resistance conforming to Type I, Grade 1, of the specification for rigid polyvinyl chloride compounds, ASTM D-1784.
(2) 
Pipe shall be free from defects, bubbles, and other imperfections in accordance with accepted commercial practice. The adequacy of the pipe shall be demonstrated, if required, by a test at the manufacturing plant in accordance with ASTM D-2444 for impact and ASTM C 2412 for Deflection and Pipe Stiffness, latest revisions.
(3) 
Joints shall conform to ASTM D-3212. Rubber ring gaskets shall conform to ASTM F-477. The gasket shall be the sole element depended upon to make the joint watertight.
(4) 
The pipe shall be installed as specified in ASTM D-2321, latest revision. In no case shall less than a Class III material be used for bedding and haunching material unless approved in writing by the Township Engineer. Particular attention shall be given to the special requirements for installing pipe in unstable soil or excessive ground water. Any additional cost for materials used under these trench conditions shall be borne by the applicant.
(5) 
Plastic riser pipe for cleanouts shall be polyvinyl chloride sewer pipe (PVC) as above specified, or acrylonitrile-butadiene-styrene (ABS). All joints shall have flexible elastomeric seals.
(f) 
Ductile Iron Pipe shall be centrifugally cast in metal or sand-lined molds to AWWA C151. The joint shall be of a type that employs a single elongated grooved gasket to effect the joint seal, such as United States Cast Iron Pipe Company's Tyton Joint, James B. Clow & Sons, Inc., "Bell-Tite", or approved equal. Pipe should be furnished with flanges where connections to flange fittings are required. Pipe shall be Class 52 (minimum). The outside of the pipe shall be coated with a uniform thickness of hot applied coal-tar coating and the inside lined with cement in accordance with AWWA C104. Ductile iron pipe shall be installed with Class C, Ordinary Bedding, when site conditions allow.
(g) 
Acrylonitrile-Butadiene-Styrene (ABS) pipe and fittings shall conform to ASTM D-2751 and be installed in accordance with ASTM D-2321 as herein modified. All joints shall be made in accordance with ASTM D-3212 using flexible rubber gaskets conforming to ASTM F-477.
12. 
Pipe Bedding shall be provided as specified in Design and Construction of Sanitary and Storm Sewers, ASCE Manuals and Reports on Engineering Practice No. 37, prepared by A Joint Committee of the American Society of Civil Engineers and the Water Pollution Control Federation, New York, 1969.
13. 
Manholes.
(a) 
Manholes shall be provided at ends of sewer lines, at intersections, and at changes of grade or alignments.
(b) 
Spacing intervals between manholes shall not exceed four hundred (400) feet for eighteen (18) inch pipe or less or five hundred (500) feet for larger pipe sizes.
(c) 
Where sewers enter manholes and the difference in crown elevation between the incoming and outgoing pipes is equal to or greater than two (2) feet, drop pipes shall be provided and drop manholes shall be built.
(d) 
Manholes shall be precast concrete. Brick or concrete block manholes may be approved by the Director of Public Works under special conditions. Brick or concrete block manholes shall be coated with two (2) coats of Portland cement mortar and a seal coating of an acceptable waterproofing tar, asphalt or polyplastic alloy, with enough time allowed for proper bond between seal coats.
(e) 
If precast manhole barrels and cones are used, they shall conform to ASTM specification C-478, with round rubber gasketed joints, conforming to ASTM specification C-923. Maximum absorption shall be nine (9%) percent in accordance with ASTM specification C-478, method A. The entire outside surface of the manhole shall be coated with a bituminous waterproofing material. Cracked manholes shall not be used. The top riser section of precast manholes shall terminate less than one (1) foot below the finished grade to provide for proper adjustment.
(f) 
Manhole frames and covers shall be of cast iron conforming to specification ASTM A-48 Class 30 and be suitable for H-20 loading capacity. All manhole covers in unpaved Rights-of-Way or in remote areas shall be provided with a locking device. In order to allow the municipality to plan better for system management, the name of the municipality, the year, and the words "SANITARY SEWER" shall be cast integrally in the cover.
(g) 
Watertight and low-profile frames and covers shall be utilized where applicable and should conform to the applicable ASTM specifications.
(h) 
Manholes shall be supplied with suitable adapters (inserts or gaskets) for the various pipe materials used. Existing manholes shall be core bored and fit with a gas and water tight rubber seal approved by the Director of Public Works.
14. 
Laterals/Inspection Ports.
(a) 
The house connection or lateral from the street main to the inspection ports shall be considered an integral part of the sanitary sewer system. The type of material used for the lateral shall be the material used for the main line sewer construction and
(1) 
4" Cast Iron Soil Pipe, Extra Heavy
(2) 
4" PVC Plastic Pipe, Schedule 40
(3) 
4" ABS Plastic Pipe, SDR 35"
(b) 
Unless connection is made to an existing sewer main utilizing a saddle, way connections shall be the same as the material used at the junction of the house connection and the sewer main.
(c) 
Bends in house connection lines shall be made using standard fittings. A riser with a cleanout at grade shall be used at the point terminating municipal jurisdiction. This inspection port or observation tee shall be fitted with a metallic cap placed two (2) feet from the outside face of the curb between the curb and sidewalk if installed. If curbs are not required, the inspection port shall be placed one (1) foot beyond the property line in the municipal Right-of-Way.
(d) 
Connections beyond the inspection port is within the jurisdiction of the Construction Official through its Plumbing Inspector and the pipe size and specifications shall be under the regulations and requirements of the Construction Official.
(e) 
Inspection ports placed in paved areas shall have a cast iron frame and cover with the word "sewer" inscribed over the inspection port.
15. 
Pumping Stations And Force Mains.
(a) 
All pump stations shall be provided with a communitor subject to approval by the Director of Public Works.
(b) 
Each pump station shall be provided with an emergency independent power source capable of providing for uninterrupted service for the facility.
(c) 
All pumping stations shall include an enclosure to protect the generator, transfer switch, pump controls, water supply, main disconnect, circuit breakers and other related equipment as needed. The enclosure shall be a permanent independent structure conforming to the National Building Code. The enclosure shall be constructed of low maintenance material subject to approval of the Director of Public Works.
(d) 
All pumping stations shall be accessible by paved asphalt driveways and parking areas. The paved area shall extend to the structure doorway for maintenance of equipment. The paved area shall also extend to provide serviceability to the pumps. The entire pump station shall be enclosed by a low maintenance fence which shall be reviewed and approved by the Director of Public Works.
(e) 
Before the Township considers a proposal for a new pump station, the developer must demonstrate to the Township's satisfaction that alternate designs utilizing gravity systems are not feasible.
16. 
Force Mains.
(a) 
All force mains shall be constructed ductile of iron pipe. The pipe shall have a minimum cover of forty-eight (48) inches to finished grade measured from the top of the pipe. Restrained joints shall be provided if required by the Director of Public Works.
(b) 
The sanitary sewer manhole receiving the force main discharge shall be protected from deterioration by means as reviewed and approved by the Director of Public Works.
A. 
Prior to the issuance of a Certificate of Occupancy, every principal use and every lot shall be provided with an approved and functioning water supply system that is adequate to accommodate the reasonable needs of such use or lot. The design and installation shall be adequate to handle all present and probable future development.
B. 
Subdivisions shall provide for the installation of water mains, fire hydrants, valves and connections to each lot. Said water mains shall be connected to an established water supply system that will adequately serve anticipated needs; or in lieu thereof, the subdivider shall establish a new water supply system of sufficient capacity and adequate storage facilities to serve anticipated needs.
C. 
Fire protection shall be furnished for any development connected to a community water supply system. The domestic demand and fire demand shall be included in the total system demand.
D. 
All proposals for new public community water supplies or extensions to existing public water systems or the installation of dry lines, or use of wells and other water sources shall comply with the requirements of the Township of Roxbury Health Department and applicable State statutes.
E. 
If a public water supply system will be provided to the area within a six-year period as indicated in the municipal water master plan, Official Map, or other official document, a municipality may require installation of a capped system or "dry lines" (mains only) within the road right-of-way; or alternatively, a municipality may require a payment in lieu of the improvement.
F. 
All proposals for new public community water supplies or extensions to existing public community water supply systems that either: (1) include fifty (50) or more service connections, (2) generate a demand of more than six thousand (6,000) gallons per day, or (3) are more than one thousand five hundred (1500) feet in length, must receive a permit from the Bureau of Safe Drinking Water in the New Jersey Department of Environmental Protection, prior to the construction and use of water supply facilities.
G. 
Capacity.
1. 
The water supply system shall be adequate to handle the necessary flow based on complete development.
2. 
The demand rates for all uses shall be considered in computing the total system demand. Where fire protection is provided, the system should be capable of providing the required fire demand plus the required domestic demand.
3. 
Average daily residential consumption shall be computed in accordance with the housing unit type and size data in accordance with NJDEP Regulations.
4. 
Nonresidential flows shall be computed in accordance with NJDEP Regulations.
5. 
Fire protection shall be furnished for any development connected to the municipal water supply system.
6. 
Minimum fire flows shall be based on recommendations by the American Insurance Association and the National Board of Fire Underwriters.
7. 
The water system shall be designed to carry peak hour flows and be capable of delivering the peak hourly demands in accordance with NJDEP regulations.
H. 
Fire Hydrants.
1. 
Hydrants shall be spaced to provide necessary fire flow, and the average area per hydrant typically should not exceed one hundred twenty thousand (120,000) square feet. In addition, hydrants shall be spaced so that each residence shall be within five hundred (500) feet of a hydrant.
2. 
A hydrant shall be located at all low points and air relief valves at all high points in accordance with NJDEP Bureau of Safe Drinking Water regulations.
3. 
Hydrants shall be located at the ends of lines, and valves of full line size shall be provided after hydrant tees at the ends of all dead lines and lines which may be extended in the future.
4. 
Size, type, and installation of hydrants shall be in accordance with local practice, or shall conform to the American Water Works Association standard for Dry Barrel Fire Hydrants (AWWA C-502). Hydrants shall have at least three (3) outlets; one outlet shall be a pumper outlet and other outlets shall be at least two and one-half (2 1/2) inch nominal size. Street main connections should be not less than six (6) inches in diameter. Hose threads on outlets shall conform to National Standard dimensions. A valve shall be provided on connections between hydrants and street mains. All pipe, fittings, and appurtenances supplying fire hydrants shall be AQ or ASTM-approved.
I. 
Water Supply - System Design and Placement.
1. 
System design and placement shall comply with all applicable NJDEP, AWWA, Municipal Standards, and Residential Site Improvement Standards, N.J.A.C. 5:21-5, Water Supply. A comprehensive analysis which specifies the system design shall be prepared and submitted for Township approval.
2. 
Water and sanitary sewer mains generally shall be separated a distance of at least ten (10) feet horizontally. If such lateral separation is not possible, the pipes shall be in separate trenches with the sewer at least eighteen (18) inches below the bottom of the water main; or such other separation as approved by the New Jersey Department of Environmental Protection shall be made. In general, the vertical separation at a crossing of water and sewer line shall be at least eighteen (18) inches. Where this is not possible, the sewer shall be constructed of ductile iron pipe using mechanical or slip-on joints, for a distance of at least ten (10) feet on either side of the crossing; or other suitable protection shall be provided. Water mains shall have a minimum cover of five (5) feet from top of pipe to finished grade.
3. 
Distribution mains shall be connected into loops so that the supply may be brought to the consumer from more than one direction. In balancing loops in a design, the Hardy Cross method or an equivalent method shall be used.
4. 
Valves shall be located on distribution mains so that no more than one street or block would be out of service for a single break. They shall be located in all small branches off larger mains; and where eight (8) inch or larger lines intersect, a valve shall be located in each branch. At street intersections, valves shall be located in line with the property line for ease in finding in the event of a break, or as per directed by the Township Engineer. Valves shall be resilient seated gate valves conforming to the standard AWWA C-509.
5. 
Arteries and secondary feeder mains shall be valved so that not more than one-quarter (1/4) of a mile would be affected by a single break. Geared valves on sixteen (16) inch mains or larger shall be furnished.
6. 
Dead ends shall not be permitted without permission of the municipality and, in any case, shall not be permitted in excess of four hundred (400) feet. If dead-end lines are permitted, they shall be provided with a hydrant as a means of flushing.
7. 
No pipe shall be placed on private property unless the owner of the land is to own or operate the pipe, or an easement deeded to the municipality is obtained. All easements shall be unrestricted, and a minimum of twenty (20) feet wide or wider if necessary unless otherwise specified by utility companies.
8. 
House Service Connections. A service connection consists of the pipe and appurtenances between the municipal street main and any customer's property line. A house service connection shall be comprised of a corporation stop at the main, a curb stop, and an inside compression stop, before and after the meter, in that order. The corporation and curb stops shall be compression types. Meters shall be located as specified by the public or private water supplier. Service line valves and fittings shall conform to the standard AWWA C800.
(a) 
Separate water service for each unit shall be utilized for detached housing where maintenance is the responsibility of the individual homeowner.
(b) 
Common water service connections, a cost efficient design, may be allowed for multifamily housing where there is an entity (such as a homeowners association) responsible for the maintenance of the common water laterals. Where common laterals are utilized, individual water shutoffs shall be provided for each unit as approved by the Township.
9. 
In cases where comprehensive water systems are constructed by developers, the meter(s) shall be furnished by the applicant and be of a manufacture and type approved by the municipality. The meter(s) shall read in "gallons."
10. 
Where water will be supplying a private development, a main meter shall be installed on the water main entering the development as approved by the Director of Public Works.
J. 
Pipe Size.
1. 
Water mains shall be a minimum diameter of eight (8) inches unless another size is required for fire flow and other criteria as determined by Hardy-Cross method or other appropriate procedures.
2. 
House service connection pipe shall be a minimum diameter of three quarter (3/4) inch unless otherwise indicated by Hardy-Cross method or other appropriate procedures.
K. 
Pipe Materials. Pipe materials used in the construction of water mains shall be cement lined ductile iron, pre-stressed concrete cylinder pipe. All pipe and appurtenances shall comply with the latest applicable American Water Works Association (AWWA) Standards.
1. 
Ductile iron pipe, appurtenances, and fittings shall comply with AWWA-C110 and C153 (fittings), C111 (gasket joints) C115 (flanged joints), and C151 (pipe). Thickness shall be designed in accordance with AWWA-C150 and be a minimum of Class 52. It shall be cement mortar-lined in accordance with AWWA-C104. Joint shall conform to AWWA-C111 and be equal to TYTON. In aggressive soils, ductile iron pipe wrapped in polythylene according to AWWA C105 shall be used if it is suitable system to prevent corrosion. The developer's engineer shall certify the ability of whatever pipe materials are chosen to resist all degradation caused by soil conditions. The exterior of the ductile iron pipe shall be converted with a coal-tar, epoxy-type coating where such protection is necessary (I3, in acidic soil conditions).
2. 
Pre-stressed concrete cylinder pipe with rubber and steel joints shall conform to AWWA Specifications C301.
3. 
Suitable adapters to flanged fittings shall be furnished where required.
4. 
Valves. Gate valves shall be cast-iron body with double disc gates, bronze-mounted. Valves shall be full size, and those on sixteen (16) inch mains or larger shall be geared and have suitable bypasses. Valve boxes shall be of the adjustable type, with the cover marked "water" and direction of valve operation indicated.
5. 
House service connection pipe shall be type K copper.
A. 
The above improvements shall be subject to the inspection and approval of the Township Engineer or his duly authorized representative who shall be notified by registered mail by the applicant at least seventy-two (72) hours in advance of the time of each phase of construction.
B. 
No underground installation shall be covered until inspected and approved.
C. 
Prior to requesting any inspections, the applicant shall deposit with the Township Financial Officer, a fee in the form of cash to cover the cost of construction inspection in subdivisions, site plans and infrastructure which the Township will be responsible for operation and/or maintenance.
D. 
No trenches shall be left open overnight without adequate protection as required by the Township Engineer.
E. 
All underground improvements installed in a Township right-of-way shall be required to be permitted pursuant to Chapter 11.
The issuance of a Certificate of Occupancy for any residence within a major subdivision shall be accompanied by a statement from the Township Engineer that all public improvements affecting the residence in question have been installed or adequately bonded pursuant to the MLUL and a statement from the Township Attorney that all required deeds of dedication have been reviewed and approved.
Prior to the commencement of any construction, the applicant shall arrange for a pre-construction conference with the Township Engineer. Such conferences shall be attended by the applicant and his engineer or contractor as well as the Township Engineer.
When the subdivider has constructed and installed the streets, drainage facilities, curbs, sidewalks, street signs, monuments and other improvements in accordance with Township regulations, standards and specifications and desires the Township to accept said improvements, he shall, in writing, by certified mail addressed to the Township Clerk with copies thereof to the Township Engineer, request the Township Engineer to make a semifinal inspection of said improvements. Accompanying this request, the subdivider must submit a mylar and two sealed prints of the originally approved subdivision plans that have been updated to show the final as-built condition of all improvements including all subsurface utilities and drains. The Township Engineer shall inspect all improvements of which said notice has been filed and shall prepare a detailed report, in writing, with the Township Council indicating either approval, partial approval or rejection of such improvements with a statement of reasons for any rejection. The cost of the improvements as approved or rejected shall be set forth.
In filing an application for development, the applicant shall comply with Residential Site Improvement Standards, N.J.A.C. 5:21-4, Streets and Parking, and with the following road, intersection, sight triangle, curb, sidewalk and driveway standards:
This section establishes standards for road and associated improvements and the design of streets serving residential and nonresidential projects as they relate to subdivision and site plan. The purpose is to:
Create a well planned community.
Promote the safety and convenience of vehicular traffic.
Protect the safety of neighborhood residents.
Assure appropriate drainage flows.
Minimize costs for maintenance and repair of infrastructure.
Maintain the character of the area while providing for safety improvements along existing and proposed roads.
The functional street classification system divides Roxbury's roadways into the following classifications based upon the current Master Plan:
A. 
Major Arterial - Highest road classification. The primary function is to serve as an interregional road conveying traffic between centers. Access is limited.
B. 
Arterial - Interconnects and augments the major arterial system and serves as interregional road. Accommodates trips of shorter lengths. Operating speeds and service levels are lower than major arterials.
C. 
Secondary Arterial - Primary function is to carry through traffic from municipality to municipality and distribute traffic between residential access (local) streets and the arterial system.
D. 
Residential Collector - Primary function is to carry traffic between arterial and residential access streets.
E. 
Residential Access (local) - Lowest road classification. Provides frontage for access to lots and carries traffic having destination or origin on the street itself. Designed to carry the least amount of traffic at the lowest speed.
Major Arterial
Secondary Arterial
Residential Collector
Residential Access Streets
I-80
Howard Boulevard (C.R. 615)
Emmans Road
All others
Berkshire Valley Road (C.R. 642)
Mountain Road
Arterial
Lakeside Boulevard (C.R. 602 and 631)
Mooney Road
Route 46
Mount Arlington Boulevard (C.R. 616)
Conklin Road
Route 206
Hillside Ave (C.R. 619) and Hillside Ave N
Righter Road
Route 10
Eyland Avenue
Mary Louise Avenue
Route 183
Dell Avenue
Main Street
Landing Road (C.R. 631)
Reger Road
Hercules Road
Shippenport Road
Center Street (C.R. 631)
Condit Street
Kenvil Avenue (C.R. 642)
Pleasant Hill Road
West Dewey Avenue (C.R. 642)
Unneberg Avenue
Commerce Boulevard
Rogers Drive
Carey Road
Golf Course Road
First Street
A. 
Right-of-way and cartway widths shall conform to the corresponding street classification subject to the approval of the Planning Board and Township Engineer:
Classification
Right-of-Way Width
Pavement Width
Major Arterial
as required by jurisdictional agency
Arterial
as required by jurisdictional agency
Secondary Arterial
66'
40'
Residential Collector
60'
36'
Residential Access (local)
50'
30'
B. 
Reduced right-of-way and pavement widths may be determined by the Planning Board and Township Engineer based upon the nature of adjoining streets, topography, steep slopes, density, type of development, road frontage and the presence or absence of curbs and on-street parking. The widths enumerated above may be increased in special cases where, because of traffic volumes, steep grades or other such reasons, the Planning Board and Township Engineer determine that such action is necessary.
C. 
Site plans or subdivisions that adjoin or include existing streets that do not conform to widths as shown on the Master Plan or Official Map or the street width requirements of this chapter shall dedicate additional width along either one (1) or both sides of said road. If the subdivision is along one (1) side only, one-half (1/2) of the required extra width shall be dedicated. Additionally, that portion of the existing street or road adjoining or included within a site plan or major subdivision shall be improved by the developer, including excavation, grading, base courses and surfacing in accordance with the road improvement standards of this Ordinance.
D. 
The right-of-way and pavement widths for internal roads within multi-family, commercial and industrial developments shall be determined on an individual basis, and shall in all cases be of sufficient width and design to safely accommodate traffic, parking, loading, school buses, snow plows, garbage trucks and provide maximum access for fire fighting equipment.
A. 
The arrangement of streets shall conform to the circulation plan element of the Master Plan or Official Map for Roxbury Township.
B. 
For streets not shown on the Master Plan or Official Map, the arrangement shall provide for the appropriate extension of existing streets.
C. 
Residential access (local) streets shall be arranged to discourage through traffic and provide for maximum privacy.
D. 
The right-of-way width shall be measured from lot line to lot line and shall not be less than fifty (50) feet or as designated in Section 13-8.602. The right-of-way shall be sufficiently wide to contain the cartway, curbs, shoulders, sidewalk, graded areas, utilities and street trees.
E. 
The right-of-way width of a new street that is a continuation of an existing street shall in no case be continued at a width less than the existing street.
F. 
Subdivisions abutting State and/or County highways may be required to provide access by way of a residential access road in conjunction with reverse frontage lots.
G. 
Future road connections and/or road right-of-way dedications may be required by the Planning Board to develop a coherent street plan within the Township.
H. 
In addition to frontage improvements, the Planning Board may require the construction of safety improvements required by the proposed development as identified by the Township Engineer.
I. 
In no case shall street grades be greater than ten (10%) percent or less than one (1%) percent, except that the Planning Board, at its discretion, may approve grades in excess of ten (10%) percent or less than one (1%) percent where warranted by existing topography.
J. 
Horizontal and vertical curves shall be of such radius and length respectively to obtain reasonable and safe sight distances for the anticipated traffic speed. Horizontal curves shall generally have a minimum centerline radius of three hundred (300) feet which may be reduced to no less than one hundred (100) feet for residential access streets at the discretion of the Planning Board. Horizontal and vertical alignments shall generally conform with standards of the American Association of State Highway and Transportation Officials. (AASHTO)
K. 
All changes in grade shall be connected by vertical curves of sufficient length to provide a smooth transition and proper sight distance in accordance with recognized AASHTO standards.
L. 
A tangent of at least two hundred (200) feet shall be introduced between reverse curves on all streets, except those classified as residential collector and residential access streets.
M. 
Street jogs with center line offsets of less than one hundred fifty (150) feet are prohibited.
N. 
Four-way street signs conforming to the standards of Roxbury shall be placed at each intersection. No street shall have a name which will duplicate, or so nearly duplicate as to be confused with, the names of existing streets. The continuation of an existing street shall have the same name. All street names shall be approved by the Governing Body.
O. 
Traffic signs and pavement markings complying with the Manual on Uniform Traffic Devices, latest edition, shall be provided to enhance the safety of motorists and pedestrians.
P. 
Boulevard landscape islands shall be permitted by the Planning Board when it is determined that such islands can safely accommodate emergency vehicles and an organization is established to properly maintain the islands. Heavy landscaping with low maintenance plants shall be provided. Vegetation exceeding a mature height of thirty (30) inches shall be prohibited along the perimeter of the landscape island.
A. 
Culs-de-sac shall provide access to no more than twenty (20) single-family units. The length of a cul-de-sac shall be measured from the center line of the intersecting through street along the center line to the radius point of the cul-de-sac turnaround. Where appropriate for safety purposes, the Board may require mid-point turnarounds and/or enhanced fire protection measures.
B. 
Cul-de-sac turnarounds shall be provided with a minimum outside cartway radius of not less than forty (40) feet and a right side tangent is preferred. A cul-de-sac right-of-way shall have a diameter of no less than one hundred (100) feet.
C. 
Cul-de-sac landscape islands shall be permitted by the Planning Board when it is determined that such islands can safely accommodate emergency vehicles and an organization is established to properly maintain the islands. Heavy landscaping with low maintenance plants shall be provided. Vegetation exceeding a mature height of thirty (30) inches shall be prohibited along the perimeter of the landscape island.
D. 
Dead end streets without turnarounds are prohibited.
E. 
Streets designed for future extension or future road connections shall be constructed prior to the receipt of final subdivision approval.
F. 
Temporary culs-de-sac are prohibited except as required during phasing of a major subdivision. Temporary culs-de-sac may be permitted by the Board only when such cul-de-sac is required to insure adequate safety. Temporary culs-de-sac shall be constructed only on dedicated municipal right-of-way.
A. 
Construction Drawings. Road Plans and Profiles shall be submitted to the Township Engineer as a part of preliminary approval. In general, the horizontal scale for plan and profile shall be 1"=30'. The vertical scale of the profile shall be 1"=5'. The profile shall be shown directly under the plan and if the space on the sheet permits it, two sections of plan and profile may be shown on the same sheet. Drawings are to be on 24" x 36" or 30" x 42" sheets. Before the plans are prepared in their final form the Township Engineer will, if so requested, examine them and advise as to their acceptability, or as to such changes, if any, that should be made in order to make them conform to the requirements of the Township. The plans of the road shall show the center line, right-of-way lines, stations of beginnings and ends of curves, curve data, elevations, fifty (50) feet station points, equations of stationing, streams, roads and railroads on or near the right-of-way, poles, trees, buildings and other obstructions within the right-of-way, houses, and building within twenty-five (25) feet of the right-of-way, property division lines and names of owners. All construction under streets such as water lines, storm sewers, etc. shall be shown on both plan and profile. Six (6) copies of the approved plans shall be filed with the Township Engineer.
B. 
Subgrade. All topsoil and other unsuitable material shall be stripped from the proposed subgrade. The subgrade when completed shall be true to the lines and grades given on the plan. After subgrade has been shaped correctly, it shall be brought to a firm unyielding surface by rolling the entire area with a power roller weighing not less than ten (10) tons, or other approved methods. All soft and spongy places shall be excavated and refilled solidly with broken stone, gravel, suitable fill or sand. All loose rock or boulders shall be removed or broken off six (6) inches below the subgrade surface. All stumps shall be removed in their entirety. This shall be done before completing the rolling of the entire surface of the subgrade. Subsurface drainage shall be provided where necessary. The Township may require certification of the subgrade by a qualified soils engineer prior to the placement of materials. All materials placed in the roadway shall conform to the current edition of the NJDOT Standard Specifications for Road and Bridge Construction.
C. 
Fills. Embankments shall be formed of suitable materials placed in successive layers, not more than twelve (12) inches depth prior to compaction, for the full width of the cross section and shall be compacted by distributing the necessary hauling uniformly over each succeeding layer, or by rolling with a ten (10) ton three wheel power roller or other approved methods. Stumps, trees, rubbish or any other unsuitable materials or substance shall not be placed in the fill.
D. 
Grading. The entire street right-of-way of all new streets shall be graded, and in addition, in those areas where the right-of-way is on fill, the grading shall be extended two feet beyond the right-of-way on either side as necessary; and a maximum slope with a ratio of 3:1 shall be established except where it is in rock, in which case the slope can be graded according to standard practice. Variation from this requirement may be permitted at the discretion of the Township Engineer.
E. 
Pavements. The pavements shall be constructed to the following finished cross section:
1. 
A parabolic surface with a five (5) inch crown shall be provided for thirty (30) foot wide streets. All other streets are to have a crown as recommended by the Township Engineer.
2. 
All roads are to be paved from curb to curb.
3. 
The sub-base is to consist of four (4) to eight (8) inches of compacted, frost free material consisting of millings, bank run slag, washed gravel with sand binder, or mine run slag. No aggregate sizes to exceed two and one half (2-1/2) inches on any material. This sub-base shall be rolled until solid and proof rolled with a loaded tandem prior to placement of stabilized base.
4. 
The bituminous stabilized base course shall be three (3) to (4) inches thick and shall be laid in one layer. The stabilized base course shall be rolled with a ten (10) ton tandem or two (2) wheel roller.
5. 
Section 305 of the New Jersey State Department of Transportation Standard Specifications for Road and Bridge Construction shall apply to the bituminous stabilized base course construction.
6. 
Prior to final surfacing, the stabilized base course must be broom cleaned and all ruts, pot holes and any other damages must be replaced or repaired at the discretion of the Township Engineer.
7. 
A tack coat of 0.10 to 0.25 q/s.y. shall then be applied. After sufficient drying a two (2) inch thick F.A.B.C. Bituminous Concrete Surface Course shall be applied meeting the requirements of Section 404 of the New Jersey State Department of Transportation Standard Specifications for Road and Bridge Construction.
F. 
General. All material, workmanship and the manner of performing any and all work under these specifications shall be equivalent to the requirements of the New Jersey State Department of Transportation Standard Specifications and Supplements thereto for Bridge and Road Construction and shall meet the Township Engineer's approval.
G. 
Inspection. The work shall be inspected throughout the course of construction by the Township Engineer or his representative. The Township Engineer shall be notified ten (10) days before any work is started.
H. 
Easements. Easements of a width sufficient to allow proper maintenance shall be provided for the outletting of all drains, pipe lines, etc., to streams, existing storm drains or other drainage courses. These easements shall be granted to the Township by approved legal procedure.
I. 
Drainage. Adequate provisions shall be made for the drainage of all roads which shall be approved by the Township Engineer.
A. 
All new roads or streets connecting to a Township road shall be located to afford maximum safety to traffic at the intersection.
B. 
Street intersections shall be laid out as nearly at right angles as is possible and in no case shall be less than 75 degrees. The block corners of intersections shall be rounded at the property line with a curve radius of not less than twenty-five (25) feet for residential access streets, thirty (30) feet for residential collector streets and thirty-five (35) feet for secondary arterials. Approaches to all intersections shall follow a straight line for at least one-hundred (100) feet.
C. 
Street intersections involving residential collector streets and secondary arterials shall have a grade (either ascending or descending) of not more than three (3%) percent for a distance of not less than fifty (50) feet from the near curb line on the intersecting street. Residential access streets shall not have a grade of more than five (5%) percent for a distance of not less than fifty (50) feet from the near curb line of the intersecting street.
D. 
Use of "T" intersections in subdivisions shall be encouraged.
E. 
Intersections shall be offset a minimum of one hundred fifty (150) feet between centerlines.
F. 
Design of intersections with State or County roads shall be governed by the appropriate agency having jurisdiction.
G. 
Four-way street signs conforming to the standards of the Township of Roxbury shall be placed at each intersection.
H. 
"T" intersections shall be designed to avoid road centerline alignment with existing homes on the other side of the intersection.
A. 
A minimum sight triangle easement of thirty (30) feet by one hundred (100) feet, measured along intersecting right-of-way lines with the 30 foot dimension located along the street of lowest order, shall be provided at all intersections or as indicated by the type of road classification based on the current recognized AASHTO standards for intersection design. All sight triangle easements shall be approved by the Township Engineer.
B. 
Sight triangle easements shall be dedicated to the Township of Roxbury.
C. 
Within the required sight triangle easement there shall be no obstruction (such as embankments, fences, walls, hedges or other objects) over thirty (30) inches in height above the street pavement. All corners on the new streets shall be cleared of obstructions in the manner and to the limits described.
D. 
Street trees are permitted within sight easements; however, branches occurring between the ground and seven (7) feet above grade shall be pruned prior to the release of the maintenance bond. Shrubs are permitted within sight easements but shall not exceed a mature height of thirty (30) inches.
A. 
Curbs shall be required on both sides of all streets. Granite block curbs shall be used on all streets unless otherwise mandated by State and County agencies or as permitted by the Board.
B. 
In recognition of the unique characteristics of land within the RR and RR-5 Rural Residential Districts, the Board may allow mountable granite block curb set in concrete footing with mortar joints where the applicant can clearly demonstrate that the property in question lends itself to this modification.
C. 
Depressed curb ramps shall be provided for the handicapped at all intersections and where sidewalks intersect curbs. Handicap ramps shall be installed in accordance with State and Federal laws.
A. 
Curbs shall be installed as shown on the drawings to line and elevation.
B. 
Construction of all curbs shall conform to current NJDOT Standards and Specifications for Road and Bridge Construction, Section 605 and supplements thereto and shall meet the Township Engineer's approval.
C. 
Concrete curbs are to be six (6) inches wide at the top and nine (9) inches wide at bottom and twenty (20) inches deep, (6" exposed - 14" buried). The batter shall be on the front face and the back face shall be vertical. All concrete curbs are to consist of air-entrained Class "B" concrete.
D. 
Granite block and belgian block curbs shall be installed as follows:
1. 
Granite block and belgian block curbs shall be laid on end with one-quarter (1/4) inch to one-half (1/2) inch joint openings.
2. 
The granite block and belgian block curbs shall be of the best quality medium or fine grained granite and laid in a trench with a twelve (12) inches wide x ten (10) inches thick footing which shall be eighteen (18) inches. All block shall be backed with concrete and all joints pointed with Portland cement mortar. The concrete shall be class "B" air-entrained concrete. The new concrete foundation shall be levelled with the remaining foundations in order to provide greater stability of the new curb foundation.
3. 
At driveway openings of concrete curbs, granite block curbs, and belgian block curbs, the curb shall be two (2) inches above finished pavement. If an opening in existing curb is to be made or changed, the section of the curb involved will be entirely removed including the concrete foundation and new curb poured or laid to proper elevation.
4. 
The breaking of existing curbs to a lower elevation is prohibited.
5. 
Depressed curb shall be constructed in accordance with Township details.
6. 
When a section of depressed curb is not used for a driveway entrance because the driveway has been constructed at another location on the lot, the depressed curb shall be removed in its entirety and raised to full height by the construction of new curb. The new curb section shall be levelled with the remaining curb sections in order to provide greater stability of the new curb.
7. 
All blocks shall be clean and free from mortar, bituminous materials or other substances.
8. 
Bituminous material, cement or other substance, deposited on blocks during or after construction shall be removed by the developer by sandblasting or other approved means.
E. 
The work shall be inspected throughout the course of construction by the Township Engineer or his representative. The Township Engineer shall be notified ten (10) days before any work is started.
A. 
Sidewalks shall be provided on both sides of all streets, except residential access roads, where the Planning Board determines sidewalks on one side of a street are adequate to service the pedestrian circulation to and from the development. Sidewalks may be required elsewhere when the Planning Board determines them necessary to provide pedestrian connections between residential areas and neighborhood schools, churches, commercial areas, other such facilities and probable future development.
B. 
Sidewalks within the Rural Residential Districts (RR and RR-5) may be waived by the Board along residential access roads when the applicant can clearly demonstrate that the property in question lends itself to this modification.
C. 
Sidewalks shall be placed parallel to the street within the right-of-way no closer than five and one-half (5.5) feet from the edge of the curb. The Planning Board may permit exceptions to sidewalk placement to preserve existing vegetation, topographical or other natural features, or to provide visual interest, or where the applicant proves to the Board's satisfaction that an alternative pedestrian system provides safe and convenient circulation.
D. 
Sidewalks shall measure a minimum four (4) foot width; wider widths may be necessary near pedestrian generators and employment centers. Where sidewalks abut the curb the width shall be five (5) feet. Where cars overhang the sidewalk the minimum width shall be six (6) feet.
E. 
In planned developments sidewalks may be located away from the road system to link dwelling units with other dwelling units, the street and on-site activity centers such as parking and recreational areas. They may also be required parallel to the street for safety and other reasons.
F. 
Pedestrian way easements (ten (10) feet wide) may be required by the Planning Board through blocks more than one thousand (1,000) feet long to provide circulation or access to schools, playgrounds, shopping or other community facilities.
G. 
See Section 13-8.702I for additional sidewalk standards.
A. 
Sidewalks shall be constructed true to the lines, grades and dimensions shown on the plans and Township details.
B. 
Subgrade. The site shall be cleared, stripped of top soil and vegetation and rough graded. Material in the subgrade shall be excavated and replaced by broken stone, gravel or other suitable material. The contractor shall fine grade the subgrade of the sidewalk area smooth and even and roll with a tandem roller weighing not less than three (3) tons as directed by the Township Engineer. The sidewalk shall be brought to the prescribed line, grade and dimensions.
C. 
Concrete Sidewalks. The concrete shall be Class "B" and shall meet "New Jersey State Department of Transportation Standard Specifications for Road and Bridge Construction" and amendments thereto with the following proportions to be used which must be approved by the Township Engineer.
Cement
Sand
Coarse Aggregate
Class B1
4,000 p.s.i.
1.75
3.5
1. 
Class B minimum 4,000 p.s.i. air entrained transit mix concrete must be used.
2. 
The sand shall be properly graded, clean, moderately sharp, and free from clay, loam, mica, organic or other foreign matter.
3. 
The concrete shall be placed on damp base. If base is dry, it shall be lightly wetted down to avoid rapid moisture removal from the concrete.
4. 
After the concrete is placed it shall be compacted by tamping or screeding to a true grade and surface, working up enough fines to allow a flat finish without addition of added mortar. The surface shall be floated, edged, and jointed. Just prior to final set, a hair broom shall be used to sweep concrete to a uniform broomed surface.
5. 
Premolded bituminous expansion joint material shall be installed every twenty (20) feet and half depth contraction joints installed every four (4) feet.
6. 
The sidewalk shall have a minimum thickness of four (4) inches. Driveway concrete walk and approach shall be six (6) inches thick with six (6) inches x six (6) inches welded wire mesh with two (2) inch cover from the bottom of the slab.
7. 
Driveway approaches (if concrete) are to be laid with one and one-half (1-1/2) inch lip at curb line. Monolithic curb approaches are prohibited.
D. 
Forms. Wood or metal forms shall be used for the construction of concrete sidewalks and braced at proper intervals as directed by the Township Engineer on each side of the sidewalk in order to maintain a true and straight edge on said walk. Damaged or crooked forms shall not be used.
E. 
Grading. After the forms have been removed the earth shall be graded on each side of the sidewalk in a finished and workmanlike manner and rolled as directed by the Township Engineer from the curb to the property line.
F. 
Line and Grade Information. Where no curb grade, or curb or sidewalk lines have previously been established on an accepted Township street, road, etc., application must be made to the Township Engineer for the necessary information.
G. 
Grading Unpaved Area. The unpaved area between the curb line and the adjacent edge of the sidewalk pavement shall be graded so that it has a uniform slope from the pavement edge toward the curb line of not less than one-quarter (1/4) inch, nor more than one-half (1/2) inch per foot, except by permission of the Township Engineer. There shall be 6 inches of screened top soil and seed between the curb and sidewalk and sidewalk and the property line.
H. 
Curing. All concrete shall be protected from dehydration by use of mats or suitable material. These mats shall be kept wet during the curing period or by use of approved curing compounds.
I. 
Seasonal Conditions. As the weather and freezing conditions from November 15 to March 15 are unpredictable, any construction of roads, sidewalks and driveway approaches during the above mentioned time shall be permitted only by approval of the Township Engineer. He shall permit such construction only if weather and/or soil conditions permit. Normally, permanent construction during this period of the year is not permitted, and all construction is subject to reinspection and replacement if required.
A. 
Driveways shall not be located where visibility is limited due to horizontal and vertical curves, topography and other features.
B. 
One driveway is permitted per residential lot with less than one hundred fifty (150) feet of frontage and no more than two driveways with frontage one hundred fifty (150) feet and greater.
C. 
Residential driveways shall be paved and have a minimum ten (10) feet width. Multi-family two-way driveways shall have a minimum twenty-four (24) foot width. The Board may grant relief for a gravel driveway where the length is excessive, it is in character with the surrounding area and will be paved a minimum of twenty (20) feet from the cartway. The paved driveway section shall consist of an approved compacted subgrade, a four (4) inch thick compacted base course, consisting of dense graded aggregate, and a two (2) inch thick bituminous concrete surface course. The gravel driveway section shall consist of an approved compacted subgrade, and a compacted six (6) inch thick layer of three-quarter (3/4) inch clean stone. Block pavers shall not be permitted within the Township right-of-way.
D. 
The edge of pavement for a residential driveway or edge of curb for a nonresidential driveway shall be located no closer than twenty-five (25) feet to the curb or pavement-return of a street intersection.
E. 
Maximum residential driveway grades shall not exceed six (6%) percent within twenty-five (25) feet of the right-of-way line and fifteen (15%) percent elsewhere.
F. 
Residential driveways shall be set back a minimum of five (5) feet from the side and rear property lines.
G. 
On-site driveway turnarounds are required for residential lots accessing arterials and secondary arterials. Turnarounds may be required at the discretion of the Planning Board on lots accessing residential collectors and residential access roads dependent upon visibility of oncoming traffic, horizontal and vertical curves, topography and traffic volume.
H. 
Subdivision proposals shall locate all driveways associated with proposed lots.
I. 
Proposed driveways shall be separated a minimum of fifty (50) feet measured along the right-of-way line from edge of driveway to edge of driveway within the subject property.
J. 
Nonresidential and multi-family driveways (excluding duplex) shall be set back a minimum of ten (10) feet from the side and rear property lines.
K. 
Nonresidential driveways shall be paved.
L. 
No curb cut or driveway installation may extend past a line projected from the adjoining property line at a right angle to the street centerline.
M. 
Driveway access shall favor lower order streets.
N. 
A permit shall be required for the installation of all driveway approaches not subject to a site plan or subdivision approval. Application for such permit shall be made to the Township Engineer and shall be accompanied by a fee payable to the Township of Roxbury. A driveway approach is deemed to be that area extending from the property line to the paved street. The existing gutter and sidewalk shall at all times during and after construction be maintained at the same grade and line. If a change in line and grade for the sidewalk or gutter is desired, the approval of the Township Engineer is required.
O. 
Driveway openings in culs-de-sac may not exceed a width of twelve (12) feet so that there may be sufficient area to accommodate snow removal.
P. 
If deemed appropriate by the approving Board, nonresidential and residential driveways shall be constructed with a concrete apron extending from the drop curb to property line or proposed sidewalk.
In filing an application for development, the applicant shall comply with the following parking, loading, solid waste and lighting standards:
[Ord. No. 01-09 § 1, 2; Ord. No. 18-09 § 2, 3]
A. 
Each off-street parking area hereinafter created within the Township of Roxbury shall be subject to the approval of the Planning Board or Zoning Board to insure its adequacy to provide for traffic safety, to provide ingress and egress for emergency vehicles and to protect adjacent properties. Off-street parking areas consisting of four (4) or fewer new parking spaces that are in compliance with Article VIII are exempt from site plan but require a zoning permit and approval by the Township Engineer.
B. 
Ingress and egress drives including access to off-street parking in non-residential zones shall be so designed that traffic is not routed through a residential zone.
C. 
Off-street parking shall be provided and maintained as specified herein and shall be surfaced with an asphalt, bituminous or cement binder pavement which shall be graded and drained to dispose of all surface water as required by the Township Engineer. Minimum grade across the parking lot shall be one (1%) percent and minimum grade along the curb shall be three-quarters (0.75%) percent.
D. 
For nonresidential uses and multi-family developments, parking areas and access drives shall be enclosed by a concrete, granite, or belgian block curb six inches above the paved surface. The type of curb shall be determined by the Board; however, belgian block curb shall be utilized where a paved area is adjacent to vegetated or other pervious surface areas. Bollards are not permitted as a substitute curbing.
E. 
No residential building permit (excluding multi-family) shall be granted for the erection of a new dwelling nor a Certificate of Occupancy issued unless the construction includes a garage for at least one (1) but not more than three (3) motor vehicles."
F. 
Existing dwellings having multiple-space garage, carport or approved shelter capability, to the extent such capability is required to meet subsection 13-8.701A, off-street parking requirements, must continue this capability. Existing dwellings having single-space garage, carport or approved shelter capability must continue this capability. Subject to the foregoing requirements, an existing garage may be replaced on site with either an attached or detached garage, but an existing garage may not be replaced by carport, shelter or outside parking space(s). All off-street parking space(s), including those located in garages, carports and approved shelters, shall be dimensioned at not less than nine (9) feet by eighteen (18) feet.
A. 
For residential developments, off-street parking shall be provided as set forth in Exhibit 1.
Exhibit 1
Off-Street Parking Requirements For Residential Land Uses
Housing Unit Type/Size
Off-Street Parking Requirements
Single-Family Detached/Attached
2 and 3 Bedroom
2.0
4 and 5 Bedroom
3.0
Garden Apartment/Condominium
1 Bedroom
1.8
2 Bedroom
2.0
3 Bedroom
2.5
Townhouse
1 Bedroom
2.0
2 Bedroom
2.3
3 Bedroom
2.5
Senior Citizen Unit
Efficiency
0.3
1 Bedroom
0.6
2 Bedroom
1.5
Notes:
1. When the computation to determine off-street parking results in a fraction of a space, a fraction of .5 or less may be disregarded.
2. Requirements for attached units include provision for guest parking.
B. 
For nonresidential developments, off-street parking shall be provided as set forth in Exhibit 2.
Exhibit 2
Off-Street Parking Requirements For Non-Residential Land Uses
Nonresidential Land Use
Required Off-Street Parking Spaces Per Indicated Area
Automobile sales
8 spaces and 1 per employee on maximum shift
Bowling alley
4 per alley
Doctor's & Veterinarian offices (less than 10,000 sq. ft.)
1 per 200 sq. ft. GFA
Banks
1 per 300 sq. ft. GFA
Flexible office/warehouse (40% office maximum)
1 per 225 sq. ft. GFA office and 1.5 per 1,000 sq. ft.
GFA warehouse
Funeral home
1 per 150 sq. ft. GFA
Garden center
1 per 200 sq. ft. GFA
Hotel
1.2 per guest room plus additional spaces required for other uses on the property such as restaurants and meeting rooms
House of Worship
1 per 3 seats
Industrial
1 per 800 sq. ft. GFA
Library
1 per 300 sq. ft. GFA
Manufacturing
1 per 800 sq. ft. GFA
Medical center
1 per 250 sq. ft. GFA
Offices
Under 49,999 sq. ft. GFA
1 per 225 sq. ft. GFA
50,000-99,999 sq. ft. GFA
1 per 250 sq. ft. GFA
100,000+ sq. ft. GFA
1 per 285 sq. ft. GFA
Restaurant
1 per 3 seats, or 1 space for each 40 sq. ft. of floor area devoted to patron drinking or dining use, whichever is greater, plus 1 space for each two employees
Quick-food establishments
1 per 50 sq. ft. GFA
Retail store, business services and personal services (5 or less tenants)
1 per 225 sq. ft. GFA
Shopping center (6 or more tenants)
Under 400,000 sq. ft. GLA
1 per 250 sq. ft. GLA
400,000-599,999 sq. ft. GLA
1 per 225 sq. ft. GLA
600,000+ sq. ft. GLA
1 per 200 sq. ft. GLA
Storage areas (primary use)
1 per 2,000 sq. ft. GFA storage and 1 per 250 sq. ft GFA related offices
Theater
1 per 3 seats
In shopping center
1 per 4 seats
Vehicular service station
4 per bay & work area and 1 per 225 sq. ft. GFA retail area, or 5 stalls plus 1 per each peak shift employee, whichever is greater
Warehouse/receiving (primary use)
1 per 2,000 sq. ft. GFA warehouse/receiving and 1 per 250 sq. ft. GFA related offices
Notes:
GFA = Gross floor area
GLA = Gross leasable area
1. When the computation to determine off-street parking results in a fraction of a space, a fraction of .5 or higher shall be considered a requirement of one additional space.
2. Whenever there is more than one use conducted on a property, parking spaces shall be provided in accordance with the combined requirements of each use as shown in Exhibit 2, or as approved by the approving Board, or as otherwise indicated in this Ordinance.
3. Drive-thru lanes and windows for banks and fast food restaurants shall be provided with room for queuing of ten (10) automobiles for each drive-thru lane and/or window.
C. 
Alternative off-street parking standards to those shown in Exhibit 1 and Exhibit 2 shall be permitted at the discretion of the Planning Board or Zoning Board of Adjustment if the applicant demonstrates in a written analysis that these standards better reflect local conditions. In such case a landscaped area shall be reserved, that can readily be converted to off-street parking should the condition allowing fewer spaces ever change.
D. 
Any change or alteration of a use which increases the parking requirements beyond the capacity of available on-site parking shall require site plan approval by the Planning Board.
E. 
A one (1) car garage and driveway combination shall count as two (2) off-street parking spaces, provided the driveway measures a minimum of twenty-five (25) feet in length between the face of the garage door and the road right-of-way. A two (2) car garage and driveway combination shall count as four (4) off-street parking spaces provided the minimum width of the driveway is twenty (20) feet and its minimum length is as specified above for a one (1) car garage.
F. 
For developments determined by the Planning Board as mixed-use developments, a shared parking approach to the provision of off-street parking shall be permitted at the discretion of the Planning Board or Zoning Board, dependent upon a written analysis.
G. 
Where the total number of off-street parking spaces required may not be immediately required for a particular use, a banked parking/staged development plan may be permitted which requires that only a portion of the parking area be constructed subject to the following regulations:
1. 
The site plan shall clearly indicate both that portion of the parking area to be initially paved and the total parking needed to provide the number of spaces required.
2. 
The site plan shall provide for adequate drainage, lighting and landscaping of both the initial and future parking areas.
3. 
The portion of the parking area not to be paved initially shall be landscaped in accordance with this Ordinance.
4. 
Any change of use on a site for which the Planning Board may have approved a partial paving of off-street parking areas to a use which requires more parking spaces than are provided on the site plan shall require submission of a new site plan.
Compliance with the applicable standards contained in Section 13-8.612 Nonresidential and Residential Driveways are required.
A. 
Each off-street parking space shall measure nine (9) feet in width by eighteen (18) feet in length. Parking spaces shall have a ten (10) foot width in parking lots where shopping carts will be utilized. On-site parallel parking spaces shall measure eight (8) feet by twenty-four (24) feet.
B. 
Parking spaces for the physically handicapped shall be provided at appropriate locations and in conformance with the requirements of the Americans with Disabilities Act.
C. 
Off-street parking areas shall be oriented to and within a reasonable walking distance of the buildings they are designed to serve.
D. 
Access to parking lots shall be designed so as not to obstruct free flow of traffic. There shall be adequate provision for ingress to and egress from all parking spaces to ensure ease of mobility, ample clearance, and safety of vehicles and pedestrians.
E. 
Two-way traffic aisles shall be a minimum width of twenty-four (24) feet. The width of all aisles providing direct access to individual parking stalls shall be in accordance with the following requirements:
Parking Angle
(degrees)
One-Way Aisle Width
(feet)
Two-Way Aisle Width
(feet)
30
12
NA
45
13
NA
60
18
NA
90
22
24
parallel
12
24
F. 
Parking areas in commercial or industrial zones may be located in the required front, side or rear yard, but shall be placed a minimum of twenty (20) feet from the right-of-way and front property line, and ten (10) feet from the side and rear property lines unless otherwise stated in the Ordinance.
G. 
Access drives shall be located at least ten feet from any side or rear property line.
H. 
Off-street parking areas and traffic aisles shall not be closer than six (6) feet to any building.
I. 
Curbed pedestrian sidewalks, not less than six (6) feet wide shall be provided along the length of any building wall which contains public entrance or exit ways. Said walks shall be at least six (6) inches higher than the abutting paved parking area. Sidewalks with a minimum ten (10) foot width shall be provided along the front building wall of a shopping center which contains public entrance or exit ways. A diminished width may be permitted by the approving Board to accommodate benches, trash receptacles and/or ash urns. Curb cuts shall be provided at appropriate locations so that handicapped persons may gain access from parking areas onto sidewalks. In addition, the Planning Board or Zoning Board of Adjustment, at its discretion, may require increased sidewalk widths and the installation of pedestrian walkways within any curbed islands that are required.
J. 
A minimum sidewalk width of six (6) feet is required where parked vehicles overhang or extend over the sidewalk.
K. 
All off-street parking spaces, driveways, aisles and pedestrian walkways shall be clearly and legibly marked within the parking lot. Hairpin striping shall be required at the discretion of the Planning Board or Zoning Board of Adjustment. Hairpin striping shall consist of two (2) stripes located no farther than twelve (12) inches on center.
L. 
Traffic signs and pavement markings, complying with the Manual on Uniform Traffic Devices, latest edition, shall be provided to enhance the safety of motorists and pedestrians.
M. 
Where feasible, parking areas for individual nonresidential uses shall be designed to be interconnected with adjacent properties and shall utilize common entrance(s) and exit(s) to minimize the disruption to traffic flow, reduce access points to adjacent roadways and reduce conflicts with pedestrian traffic.
N. 
Nine (9) foot wide curbed planting end islands shall be placed at the end of each parking bay. Each end island abutting a parking stall shall contain a two and one-half (2-1/2) inch to three (3) inch caliper shade tree.
O. 
Nine (9) foot wide curbed planting islands containing shade trees shall be required to separate any parking bay exceeding twenty (20) spaces in a row. At the Board's discretion, seven (7) foot by seven (7) foot curbed planting diamonds containing shade trees may be considered if the overall effect exceeds that which would be created by standard planting islands.
P. 
Where practical, large parking lots in excess of one hundred (100) vehicles shall be subdivided into modules utilizing continuous curbed planting islands of a minimum ten (10) foot width located perpendicular to the parking stalls.
Q. 
Parking areas shall be suitably landscaped to minimize noise, glare and other nuisance characteristics as well as to improve the environment of the site and surrounding area in accordance with Section 13-8.8.
R. 
Parking spaces may be on, above or below the surface of the ground. When parking spaces are provided within a garage or other structure, said structure shall adhere to the principal building setbacks.
S. 
All off-street parking areas required by this chapter shall be used exclusively for the parking of automobiles. No commercial repair work or sales of any kind shall be conducted in any parking area.
A. 
For every building or part thereof, which is to be occupied by manufacturing, storage, goods display, retail store, wholesale store or warehouse, market, hospital, or other use similarly requiring the receipt or distribution in vehicles of materials or merchandise, there shall be provided and maintained on the same premises with such building one off-street loading space measuring fifteen (15) feet x sixty (60) feet with a fourteen (14) foot clearance above grade. At the discretion of the Planning Board, a smaller loading space may be permitted if justified by the applicant based upon the type of use and type and frequency of vehicles servicing the facility.
B. 
Office buildings shall provide an appropriate location(s) within any yard area for parcel delivery and pick-up in a manner that will not negatively impact internal traffic flow.
C. 
Additional loading and unloading spaces may be necessary and required dependent upon the specific activity.
D. 
Off-street loading shall be permitted in the side and/or rear yard but in no case shall it be located closer than fifteen (15) feet to a property line. There shall be no loading or unloading within the street. Off-street loading within the front yard is prohibited.
COMMERCIAL VEHICLE
shall mean any motor vehicle, including but not limited to pickup trucks, panel trucks, vans, trailers or station wagons, bearing commercial license plates and/or displaying advertising or a business designation. Recreational vehicles and farm vehicles shall not be deemed commercial vehicles.
RECREATION VEHICLE
shall mean includes motor homes, house trailers, converted buses, camper shells mounted on the walls of a pickup truck's cargo box, camper cabins within a truck bed, camping and travel trailers, collapsible camper trailers, boats, and boat trailers.
A. 
Registered commercial vehicles may park overnight in a residential zone in accordance with the following restrictions and limitations:
1. 
No more than one (1) commercial vehicle may be stored overnight on a lot in a residential zone. The commercial vehicle shall be garaged and subject to the following conditions:
(a) 
The rated gross vehicle weight of a commercial vehicle shall be 10,000 pounds or less. Additionally, a commercial vehicle shall not exceed a length greater than twenty (20) feet, a width of over seven (7) feet or a height over seven (7) feet.
(b) 
All materials and equipment must be fully enclosed within the vehicle.
2. 
All commercial vehicles permitted by these provisions to be garaged on any property located in any residential zone shall be owned by and registered to the owner or tenant of the property or the owner/tenant's employer.
3. 
The storage of school buses is prohibited within residential zones.
4. 
The provisions of this section shall not apply to a commercial vehicle on a farm which is a direct accessory and limited to the farming operation conducted on the property.
5. 
Parking of construction equipment vehicles overnight is allowed on a temporary basis when construction is taking place on the lot or making delivery.
A. 
The parking of house trailers and recreational vehicles displaying a current State license and/or registration in a residential zone for a period longer than forty-eight (48) hours during any calendar month is prohibited, except that the prohibition shall not extend to two (2) recreational vehicles owned by the residents of the property within a residential district, if garaged or if parked no closer to the side or rear property line than the required side or rear yard accessory setback.
B. 
At no time shall recreational equipment parked or stored on any lot be used for living, sleeping or housekeeping purposes.
A. 
All developments shall provide for adequate disposal of solid waste and provisions for handling recyclable materials.
B. 
For nonresidential uses and multi-family developments there shall be at least one (1) location for trash disposal and recyclable material situated either within a building or within the side or rear yard. Solid waste and recycling storage areas shall be set back a minimum of ten (10) feet from adjoining property lines and are prohibited within the front yard.
C. 
For any development proposal of fifty (50) or more single-family detached dwelling units, or twenty-five (25) or more units of multi-family dwellings, and for any commercial or industrial development proposal for the utilization of one thousand (1,000) square feet or more of land, the location and number of recycling containers, and the collection and disposition of recyclables must be provided for and approved of by the Board.
D. 
Exterior trash and recyclable containers shall be fully screened with a gated enclosure constructed of board on board fence, decorative masonry wall, or similar material. For board on board enclosures, the distance between opposite boards separated by a rail/beam shall not exceed two (2) inches. A one (1) inch overlap of opposite boards shall be provided. The enclosure shall not exceed a six (6) foot height and shall be buffered from within the site and from adjoining properties and streets with plant material.
E. 
Adequate access shall be provided to a solid waste and recycling storage facility. In addition to the foregoing requirements, developments involving a retail and/or restaurant use shall depict a banked trash/recycling enclosure, which shall be constructed upon notification by the Zoning Officer.
A. 
Rooftop mechanical equipment shall be architecturally screened in a manner compatible with the building architecture.
A. 
A lighting plan prepared by a qualified individual shall be provided with major subdivision and site plan applications.
B. 
Street lighting of a type supplied by or approved by the utility and of a type and number approved by the Planning Board shall be provided for all street intersections, arterials, secondary arterials, residential collectors, residential access streets and at the terminus of cul-de-sac roads as deemed necessary for safety reasons. Additional lighting shall be provided based upon street and site design and degrees of horizontal and vertical curves. The developer shall arrange for the provision of street lights, at his expense, under the requirements of "contribution fixtures", as established by the Board by Public Utilities Commissioners Tariff No. 6 Electric Part No. 3 effective 4/25/83. The developer shall also provide for the installation of underground service for street lighting at his cost.
[Ord. No. 11-01 § 1]
C. 
Lighting shall be provided within nonresidential and multi-family developments at building entrances, parking areas, driveways, major walkways and loading areas.
D. 
The lighting plan shall show the proposed light intensity at ground level indicated where 0.5 footcandles occur. Dimensioned manufacturer's lighting details and specifications including footcandle distributions shall be provided. For nonresidential uses the light lens shall be flush with the fixture housing and parallel to the ground; however, deviations shall be permitted by the Board where an alternative fixture is considered an attractive upgrade. Canopy lights associated with nonresidential uses shall have the light lens flush with the canopy ceiling. All lights shall be concealed source nonglare lighting and shall be focused downward so that the direct source of light is not visible from adjoining streets or properties. No light shall shine into building windows nor onto streets and driveways so as to interfere with or distract driver vision. Adjustable fixture housings are prohibited.
E. 
Lighting shall be provided by fixtures with a mounting height not more than eighteen (18) feet or the height of the building, whichever is less, measured from the ground level to the centerline of the light source. For shopping malls in the B-3 District, the Planning Board may deviate from this standard to a maximum of thirty (30) feet based upon the scale of the development and proximity to adjoining land uses.
F. 
For nonresidential development, the light intensity at ground level shall average 0.5 foot candles; however, variations are permitted depending upon the intensity of the use. Light intensity shall not exceed 0.3 foot candles along any property line and shall be so arranged and shielded to reflect the light away from adjoining streets or properties; however, this regulation shall not apply to lights used at driveway entrances and exits.
G. 
Freestanding lights within parking areas shall be protected to avoid being damaged by vehicles. Freestanding lights at the perimeter of parking lots shall be aligned with parking stall striping and located a minimum of two and one-half (2-1/2) feet from the edge of curb. Exposed concrete light foundations shall not exceed two (2) inches above grade or six (6) inches above grade when located within a lawn area.
H. 
The style of any light or light standard within nonresidential and multi-family developments shall be consistent with the architectural style of the principal building and, where appropriate, the architectural character of the surrounding area.
I. 
With the exception of street lights, light fixtures attached to utility poles within the road right-of-way shall be concealed source "shoe box" fixtures. Adjustable or tilting fixtures are prohibited.
J. 
Any other outdoor lighting such as building and sidewalk illumination, the lighting of signs and ornamental lighting, shall be shown on the lighting plan, in the form of manufacturers details and specifications to allow a determination of effects upon adjacent properties, traffic safety and overhead sky glow.
K. 
To achieve the above requirements, the intensity of light sources, light shielding and similar characteristics shall be subject to site plan approval.
In filing an application for development, the applicant shall comply with the following landscaping, fence, wall and site furniture standards:
A. 
Landscaping shall be provided as part of site plan and subdivision design. It shall be conceived in a total pattern throughout the site, integrating the various elements of site design, preserving and enhancing the particular identity of the site and creating a pleasing site character.
B. 
The design standards contained herein are minimum requirements. The Township may request additional development features exceeding these standards if conditions warrant.
A. 
A landscape plan prepared by a landscape architect, certified by the New Jersey State Board of Landscape Architects, or other qualified individual, shall be submitted with each major site plan or major subdivision application. The landscape plan shall include the following information:
1. 
Plan scale no less than one inch equals one hundred feet (1"=100') for major subdivision and no less than one inch equals thirty feet (1"-30') for major site plans. Important detail landscape areas within major subdivision may be requested at a scale of no less than one inch equals thirty feet (1"=30'). The scale shall be in both written and graphic form.
2. 
North Arrow.
3. 
Building and accessory structure layout.
4. 
Road, parking, service area layout, and other paved areas.
5. 
Location of outdoor storage and trash/recycling areas.
6. 
Sidewalks, fences and walls.
7. 
Existing and proposed topography.
8. 
Existing and proposed underground and aboveground utilities such as site lighting, transformers, valve boxes, lawn inlets, catch basins, headwalls, outlet structures, etc.
9. 
Stormwater management facilities including detention basins, retention basins and swales. Location of plant material shall not interfere with underground utilities or stormwater management.
10. 
Existing wooded areas, rock outcroppings and existing and proposed water bodies.
11. 
Indicate all existing vegetation to be saved or removed and provide information required for tree preservation.
12. 
Location, species and sizes of all proposed shade trees, ornamental trees, evergreen trees, shrubs and areas for lawns or any other ground cover. Different graphic symbols shall be used to show the location and spacing of shade trees, ornamental trees, evergreen trees, shrubs and ground cover. The size of the symbol must be representative of the size of the plant and shown to scale.
13. 
A plant schedule indicating botanical name, common name, size at time of planting (caliper, height and spread), quantity, root condition and any special remarks (spacing, substitutions, fall planting hazards, etc.) for all plant material proposed. Plants within the plant schedule shall be keyed to the landscape plan utilizing the first letter of the genus and species of the botanical plant name (i.e., Acer rubrum=AR).
14. 
Planting and construction details and specifications.
A. 
Landscaping shall be provided in public areas, within recreation sites, to accentuate buildings, to enhance driveway entrances, to screen parking and loading areas, mitigate adverse impacts and to improve climate control by providing windbreaks for winter winds and summer cooling of buildings, streets and parking lots.
B. 
Plant and other landscaping material shall be selected with regard to aesthetic and functional considerations: Aesthetic - create visual diversity and contrast through variation in size, shape, texture and color. Functional -selection of plants in terms of susceptibility to disease and insect damage, wind and ice damage, habitat (wet-site, drought, sun and shade tolerance), soil conditions, growth rate, longevity, root pattern, maintenance requirements, etc.
C. 
Landscaping may include plant materials such as trees, shrubs, ground cover, perennials, and annuals.
D. 
Proposed. landscaping should be considered at various growth intervals. Shrubs may eventually block sight distances and windows or encroach upon roads and sidewalks.
E. 
All plant materials, planting practices and specifications shall be in accordance with the "American Standard for Nursery Stock" promulgated by the American Association of Nurserymen Standards.
A. 
Topsoil Preservation. No topsoil shall be removed from the site or used as fill. Topsoil moved during the course of construction shall be redistributed on all regraded surfaces so as to provide at least six (6) inches of even cover to all disturbed areas of the development and shall be stabilized by seeding or planting. Additional topsoil shall be provided as directed by the Township Engineer.
B. 
Removal of Debris. All stumps and other tree parts, litter, brush, weeds, excess or scrap building materials, or other debris shall be removed from the site and disposed of in accordance with the law. No tree stumps, portions of tree trunks or limbs shall be buried anywhere in the development. All dead or dying trees, either standing or fallen, shall be removed from the site if not restricted by conservation easements.
C. 
Slope Plantings. The area of all cuts and fills and/or terraces shall be landscaped to prevent erosion, and all roadway slopes steeper than one (1) foot vertically to three (3) feet horizontally shall be planted with ground covers appropriate for the purpose and soil conditions, water availability and environment.
D. 
Additional Landscaping. In residential developments, besides the required screening and street trees, additional plantings or landscaping elements may be required throughout the subdivision where necessary for climate control, privacy, or for aesthetic reasons in accordance with a planting plan approved by the appropriate Board and taking into consideration cost constraints. In nonresidential developments, all areas of the site not occupied by buildings and required improvements shall be landscaped by the planting of grass or other ground cover, shrubs, trees, or other landscape material as part of a site plan approved by the appropriate Board.
E. 
Plant Species. The plant species selected shall be hardy for the particular climatic zone in which the development is located and appropriate in terms of function and size.
F. 
Sight Triangles. Landscaping within sight triangles shall not exceed a mature height of thirty (30) inches. Shade trees shall be permitted within site triangles but located forty (40) feet from the intersecting curbline and pruned up to a seven (7) foot branching height above grade.
G. 
Landscaped Berms. The minimum top width of a landscaped berm shall be four (4) feet.
H. 
Any area not used for buildings, structures or paved areas shall be planted with an all-season ground cover or lawn and other landscape materials as approved by the appropriate Board.
A. 
Street trees shall be required for any subdivision, site plan or expansion of existing uses.
B. 
Location. Street trees (2 1/2—3" caliper) shall be installed within the right-of-way between the sidewalk and curb on both sides of all streets. The spacing of street trees shall be no farther than forty (40) feet on center.
C. 
The street lawn (area between sidewalk and curb) shall be tilled to a minimum depth of eighteen (18) inches. Tyar biobarriers or approved equivalent shall be installed along the sidewalk face for a distance of fifteen (15) feet to prevent sidewalk upheaval by tree roots.
D. 
Street Tree Type. Tree type may vary depending on the overall effect desired. Depending upon the length of the road, more than one type shall be provided to create biodiversity and reduce the problems associated with a monoculture planting.
E. 
Trees shall be planted in groupings of similar varieties. Trees of similar form, height, and character along a roadway shall be used to promote uniformity and allow for a smooth visual transition between species.
F. 
Tree selection shall be based upon on-site conditions and tree suitability to those conditions.
A. 
Deciduous shade trees shall have at least a two and one-half (2-1/2) to three (3) inch caliper measured six (6) inches above the ground surface and a straight central leader up to a seven (7) foot height at the time of installation. Size of evergreens and shrubs shall be allowed to vary depending on setting and type of shrub however, no evergreen tree shall be less than five (5) feet high. Only plant materials following the standards established by the American Association of Nurserymen shall be accepted. Trees shall be nursery-grown, free of disease, substantially uniform in size and shape, and have straight trunks.
B. 
Trees shall be properly planted and firmly supported with two (2) or three (3) guy wires attached to stakes. Pieces of rubber hose shall be used under the wires where they are attached to the trees. Wires and stakes shall be removed by the applicant after one (1) year.
C. 
Provisions shall be made to accommodate the watering of landscaping through an irrigation system and/or hose bibs adequate to service the site. Dead or dying trees shall be replaced by the applicant during the planting season.
D. 
All plant material shall be guaranteed by the landscape contractor for a minimum period of one (1) year to replace dead or dying plants.
A. 
Landscaped buffers are areas provided to create a year-round visual screen and minimize adverse impacts or nuisances on a site from adjacent properties and streets. Buffering may consist of fencing, evergreens, shade trees, ornamental trees, shrubs, berms, boulders, mounds, or combinations thereof to achieve the stated objectives.
B. 
Where required, buffers shall be measured from property lines and street right-of-ways. Compliance shall be determined by the Planning Board or Zoning Board at the time of site plan and subdivision review.
C. 
Buffers shall be maintained in perpetuity in accordance with the site plan approval.
A. 
Transition buffers shall be required when any nonresidential use abuts a residential zone and when any multi-family use abuts a single family zone. The buffer shall be placed within the nonresidential and multi-family lot along the property line. The location may be altered if approved by the Planning Board or Zoning Board of Adjustment.
1. 
A continuous landscape open space strip of not less than twenty-five (25) feet in width shall be provided, unless a buffer of greater width is required elsewhere in this Ordinance. The transition buffer shall be used for no purpose other than landscaping. Detention basins and utility easements are specifically prohibited within the transition buffer unless the utility easement crossing is perpendicular to the buffer. A fence or wall is permitted within the transition buffer but can not exceed a six (6) foot height in the side and rear yard and not exceed a four (4) foot height in the front yard.
2. 
The transition buffer shall be planted with dense masses and groupings of shade trees, ornamental trees, evergreen trees and shrubs. No less than seventy-five (75%) percent of the buffer length shall be evergreen trees installed at a minimum height of six (6) feet. Based upon the intensity of the nonresidential use, the Board may require additional evergreens installed at an increased height or, alternately, a fence or wall.
3. 
Existing vegetation within the transition buffer shall be preserved, and supplemented with shade tolerant naturalistic massed plantings where necessary to complete screening of adjoining land uses.
4. 
No buildings, structures, accessory structures, trash enclosures, parking, driveways, or storage of materials shall be permitted within the transition buffer. Buffer areas shall be maintained and kept free of all debris and rubbish.
A. 
Reverse frontage buffers shall be required where any nonresidential or residential structure and/or lots back onto any street. The buffer shall be situated adjacent to the right-of-way line. The following landscape treatments shall be provided unless otherwise approved by the Planning Board or Zoning Board of Adjustment.
1. 
A continuous landscape open space strip of not less than twenty (20) feet in width shall be provided. The reverse frontage buffer shall be used for no purpose other than landscaping and may include a wall or fence not to exceed four (4) feet in height.
2. 
The buffer shall be planted with masses and groupings of shade trees, ornamental trees, evergreen trees and shrubs in a free form manner to provide contrast and create a more natural effect. No less than fifty (50%) percent of the buffer length shall be evergreen with a minimum installed height of six (6) feet.
3. 
Existing vegetation within the landscape buffer shall be preserved and supplemented with shade tolerant naturalistic massed plantings where necessary to complete screening of residences. Meander any required sidewalks, as necessary, to preserve existing trees.
4. 
Street trees shall be planted as required.
5. 
No buildings, structures, storage of materials, or parking shall be permitted within the buffer area. Buffer areas shall be maintained and kept free of all debris and rubbish.
A. 
Except for detached single-family and two family dwelling units, a screen planting, berm, fence, wall or combination thereof, no less than three (3) feet in height, shall be provided between the off-street parking areas (including drive-thru lanes and interior drives running parallel to other roads) and any lot line or street line except where a building intervenes. Shrubs used for screening shall be planted in a staggered double row and installed with a minimum height of twenty-four (24) to thirty (30) inches.
B. 
All loading areas shall be landscaped and screened sufficiently to obscure the view of parked delivery vehicles, loading platforms and loading activities from any lot line or street line throughout the year. Such screening shall be an extension of the building, a fence, berm, wall, planting or combination thereof and shall not be less than six (6) feet in height.
C. 
In parking lots, at least five (5%) percent of the total square footage of interior parking area, including accessways, shall be landscaped with shrub plantings. Such landscaped areas shall be distributed throughout the parking area in order to break the view of parked cars in a manner not impairing visibility. In parking lots containing more than one hundred (100) vehicles, at least eight (8%) percent of the interior parking area shall be landscaped.
D. 
One (1) shade tree measuring a minimum of two and one-half (2-1/2) to three (3) inch caliper shall be provided in the vicinity of the parking lot for every four (4) parking spaces. This provision excludes trees required for landscape buffers or street tree planting.
E. 
Nine (9) feet wide curbed planting islands shall be placed at the end of each parking bay. Each end island abutting a parking stall shall contain a two and one-half (2-1/2) to three (3) inch caliper shade tree.
F. 
Nine (9) feet wide curbed planting islands shall be required to separate any parking bay exceeding twenty (20) spaces in a row. At the Board's discretion, seven (7) feet by seven (7) feet curbed planting diamonds containing shade trees may be considered if the overall effect exceeds that which would be created by standard planting islands.
G. 
Where practical, parking lots in excess of one hundred (100) vehicles shall be subdivided into modules utilizing continuous curbed planting islands of a minimum ten (10) feet width located perpendicular to the parking stalls.
H. 
Landscaping within parking lots shall not obstruct the view of approaching vehicles. Shrubs within sight lines shall not exceed a mature height of thirty (30) inches.
I. 
Parking areas shall be partially screened from interior drives using evergreen, shade trees, flowering trees and shrubs to create a continuous landscape strip.
J. 
Interior parking layout and landscaping shall, insofar as possible, be used to delineate and guide major traffic movement within the parking area so as to prevent cross-space driving.
K. 
The view of utility areas, mechanical equipment, transformers and meters shall be screened from adjoining lots and street lines with landscaping. Open access to the equipment shall be maintained.
L. 
Trash and recycling containers shall be screened from view from any lot line or street line with six (6) foot high gated wood fence and landscaping or six (6) foot high gated decorative masonry wall and landscaping.
M. 
Landscaping shall be provided to accent driveway openings.
A. 
Stormwater detention basins and retention basins shall be designed to blend into the surrounding landscape.
B. 
The perimeter of detention and retention basins shall be landscaped with clusters of plants, including shade trees, in a free form manner with open areas of lawn. Access for maintenance and emergency services shall be maintained.
C. 
Shade trees (minimum 2—2 1/2 inch caliper) shall be located within the upper drier portion of detention basins.
D. 
The view of drainage structures such as headwalls, outlet structures, culverts, biofilters, etc. shall be softened with wet-site tolerant plants.
E. 
Outlet structures and headwalls shall be provided with a stone veneer when clearly visible from adjoining properties and/or streets within the development.
F. 
The use of retaining walls within stormwater basins are encouraged when located on wooded property in order to increase volume and decrease disturbance to existing vegetation.
G. 
Landscaping located on detention and retention basin emergency overflow berms are prohibited unless approved by the Township Engineer.
H. 
Water aerators shall be provided within retention basins.
A. 
Fences and walls shall be erected where required for privacy, screening, separation, security or to serve other necessary and reasonable functions. The design and material used shall be functional and compatible with existing and proposed site architecture. No fence or wall shall be constructed or installed so as to constitute a hazard to traffic or safety.
B. 
No fence or wall which exceeds four (4) feet in height shall be constructed or maintained between the road right-of-way line and the front foundation wall of the principal building. In the case of corner lots, such restrictions shall apply to both street frontages. No fence or wall shall exceed six (6) feet in height within the side or rear yards.
C. 
No fence shall be erected of barbed wire, topped with metal spikes, nor constructed of any material or in any manner which may be dangerous to persons or animals, except that these provisions shall not apply to farms. Fences permitted for commercial, industrial and agricultural uses shall not exceed a six (6) foot height; however, fences topped by a barbed wire protective barrier are allowed a total height of eight (8) feet.
D. 
Swimming pools shall be surrounded by BOCA approved barrier not to exceed a maximum height of six (6) feet.
E. 
At the discretion of the Board, a fence or wall exceeding a six (6) foot height shall be permitted if buffering is enhanced by the deviation.
F. 
The finished side of fences shall face adjacent properties.
G. 
At the discretion of the Board, chain link fence shall be constructed with vinyl clad posts, rails, and mesh.
H. 
Where provided, board on board fence shall be constructed with opposing boards separated by a rail/beam no more than two (2) inches in width. Opposite boards shall have a minimum one (1) inch overlap.
I. 
No retaining wall exceeding four (4) feet in height from the lowest elevation of the finished grade to the top of the retaining wall shall be built unless a site plan has been submitted to and approved by the Engineering Department. Safety fence and/or guiderail along the top of retaining walls shall be provided in accordance with BOCA requirements and approved by the Township Engineer.
J. 
No retaining wall or structural member shall be permitted within the right-of-way. Retaining walls shall maintain a property line setback equal to their height above grade.
K. 
Retaining walls required to support any Township roadway shall be a cast-in-place concrete retaining wall, concrete crib wall or modular concrete block retaining wall as approved by NJDOT and the Township Engineer.
L. 
Design calculations for retaining walls over four (4) feet in height shall be submitted by the applicant and approved by the engineering department. The design shall be accompanied by detailed manufacturer specifications for all aspects of the installation and shall be signed and sealed by a licensed professional engineer of the State of New Jersey.
M. 
Loose boulder type retaining walls shall be limited to landscape uses only and shall not exceed an exposed height of four (4) feet. Such walls are prohibited in areas used to support Township roadways or any public facility for which the Township will have maintenance responsibility.
N. 
Construction of all permitted retaining walls shall be inspected throughout the course of construction by the Township Engineer or his/her representative. The Township Engineer shall be notified ten (10) days before any work is started. The Township may require certification of the subgrade and backfill by a qualified soils engineer prior to the placement of materials. The Township Engineer may also require that a representative of the retaining wall manufacturer be on site during the installation of pre-manufactured section or block type walls.
[Ord. No. 18-09 § 4, 5]
A. 
Site furniture such as, but not limited to, benches, picnic tables, kiosks, clustered mail boxes, bike racks, decorative trash receptacles, bollards and recreation equipment shall be located and sized in accordance with their functional need, durability and maintenance.
B. 
Site furniture shall be compatible in form, material and finish. Design and materials shall be coordinated with that of existing or proposed architecture.
C. 
Decorative trash receptacles and ash urns shall be provided as an integral component for all office buildings, shopping centers, retail establishments and supermarkets.
D. 
Decorative benches shall be provided as an integral component for all office buildings, shopping centers, retail establishments and supermarkets.
E. 
Multi-family residential developments requiring clustered mailboxes shall provide benches in the vicinity of mailboxes.
In filing an application for development, the applicant shall comply with the following sign standards.
A. 
In all zoning districts within the jurisdiction of this Ordinance, signs may be used, erected, maintained, altered, relocated, removed or demolished only in compliance with the provisions of this Section and any and all ordinances and regulations of the municipality relating to the use, erection, maintenance, alteration, moving or removal of signs or similar devices.
1. 
The intent of these regulations are to:
(a) 
Control the size, location, character and other pertinent features of all exterior signs or interior signs visible from the exterior of the building;
(b) 
Promote signage which is compatible with its surroundings, orderly, readable, appropriate, helpful and not distracting to motorists;
(c) 
Discourage and render unlawful signs which contribute to visual pollution and clutter, are in disrepair or of faulty construction, or are in any way detrimental to the public safety and welfare.
2. 
Standards set forth herein with respect to size, location, and number of signs constitute zoning regulations. Deviations from these sign standards with respect to size, number and/or location of signs shall require the granting of a bulk zoning variance by the approving Board. Deviations from all other sign standards shall require the granting of a design waiver by the approving Board.
As used in this Ordinance, the following terms shall have the meanings indicated:
BILLBOARD SIGN
shall mean a sign which directs attention to a business, commodity, service or entertainment conducted, sold or offered at a location other than the premises on which the sign is located.
FACADE
shall mean the total wall surface, including door and window area, of a building's principal face. In computing permitted sign area, only one (1) face of a building may be used as the principal face.
FACADE SIGN
See wall sign.
FREESTANDING SIGN
shall mean any immovable sign not affixed to a building.
GROUND OR MONUMENT SIGN
shall mean any sign, other than a pole sign, placed upon or supported by the ground independent of any other structure.
POLE OR PYLON SIGN
shall mean a sign that is mounted on a freestanding pole or similar support so that the bottom edge of the sign face is three (3) feet or more above grade.
PORTABLE SIGN
shall mean a sign that is not permanent, affixed to a building, structure or the ground.
RESIDENCE DESIGNATION SIGN
shall mean a sign or plate indicating the name of the property or occupants.
ROOF SIGN
shall mean a sign erected above the facade or on the roof of a building.
SIGN
shall mean any object, device, display or structure or part thereof, situated outdoors or indoors, which is used to advertise, identify, display, direct or attract attention to an object, person, institution, organization, business, product, service, event or location by any means, including words, letters, figures, design, symbols, fixtures, colors, illumination or projected images.
TEMPORARY SIGN
shall mean a sign that (a) is used in connection with a circumstance, situation, or event that is designed, intended, or expected to take place or to be completed within a reasonably short period of time after the erection of such sign, or (b) is intended to remain on the location where it is erected or placed for a period not more than fifteen (15) days. If a sign display area is permanent but the message displayed is subject to periodic changes, that sign shall not be regarded as temporary.
WALL SIGN
shall mean a sign attached to, painted upon or erected against an awning, canopy, the wall or facade of a building or structure and not extending more than twelve (12) inches from a building face or facade of the structure.
WINDOW SIGN
shall mean a sign maintained in or painted upon a window which is clearly visible from the exterior of a structure through a window.
A sign permit shall be required before the erection, re-erection, construction, alteration, or placement or location of any permanent sign permitted by this chapter. No sign shall be constructed or displayed unless a permit shall have been obtained from the administrative official, or unless the signs have been approved of as part of a site plan or subdivision. All applications shall be signed by the owner of the sign and the property owner on whose premises the sign is to be erected. All applications shall contain a sketch of the proposed sign, drawn to scale, the wording or message and, where the sign will be attached to a building. A plot plan shall also be provided showing the location of the proposed sign with dimensions to the nearest building, lot lines and existing freestanding signs within one hundred (100) feet of the proposed sign. All applications shall be accompanied by the appropriate fee. As soon as the sign has been erected, the applicant shall notify the Construction Official for a final inspection.
A. 
A permit shall not be required for the following, provided such items are subject to all other provisions of this chapter:
1. 
Repainting or resurfacing of signs.
2. 
Relocation of signs as required by the municipality.
3. 
Exempt signs pursuant to Section 13-8.910.
B. 
In hearing any application for a variance or design waiver pertaining to signage, the Planning Board or Zoning Board of Adjustment may consider modification to the overall sign design for the site. This may include a reduction in the quantity of signs, and/or a reduction in advertising area of signs in order to promote the purpose of this section and so the benefits of granting relief will outweigh the detriments.
[Ord. No. 4-06 § 1]
Signs shall be removed in the following instances:
A. 
Signs on Vacant Premises or for Discontinued Use. The owner of a property shall remove the advertising, message, symbol or other information conveyed by signs within thirty (30) days after the activity, business or use it advertises or calls attention to is no longer conducted in or upon the premises.
B. 
Illegal Signs. Any sign erected or applied in violation of this chapter shall be immediately removed by the owner. Any sign illegally placed in a public right-of-way shall be subject to removal by the Township and forfeiture at the owner's expense.
Except where specifically prohibited, all signs may be double-faced, and the maximum area shall apply to each side. The area of the sign shall include each and every part of the sign, including moldings and frames, computed in a rectilinear area as the product of the largest horizontal width and the largest vertical height of the sign. Where the sign is supported by a post or pylon whose surface is being used for advertising purposes, the area of the post, pylon or other supporting members shall be considered as part of the total allowable sign area. Wherever the name or advertising message on a sign is divided between a number of panels or parts, the total area of all of the panels or parts shall be considered as one (1) sign, and where a sign consists of individual letters, logos or numbers attached to a building or structure, the area of the sign shall be considered as the total area encompassed by a rectilinear area of no more than six (6) sides which can collectively enclose all of the letters, logos or numbers.
If and when any sign is moved, altered or replaced, except for purposes of minor and nonstructural maintenance and/or repairs, the sign shall thereafter conform to all of the requirements of this Ordinance.
The following regulations shall be observed for all signs in all zoning districts in the municipality:
A. 
Any sign not specifically permitted is hereby prohibited.
B. 
No sign shall be erected on any lot or building which does not pertain to the use of the lot or building, unless provided for elsewhere in this section.
C. 
Identification signs of a prototype design and corporation logos shall conform to the criteria established within this Ordinance.
D. 
A sign should compliment the architectural style and scale of the building and should be designed as an integral architectural element of the site to which it principally relates. As an architectural element, the sign should reflect the period of architecture and should be in harmony with a building's character and use. It must not interfere with architectural lines and details and shall conform to landscape standards associated with signs. Components of signs (supporting structures, backs, etc.), not bearing a message shall be landscaped and constructed of materials or painted a neutral color, to blend with the natural environment.
E. 
Where a building requires several different signs, a consistent design theme shall be created utilizing similar elements such as material, size, background and lettering color, lettering style, illumination and borders.
F. 
Any sign located along the right-of-way of a State or Federal highway shall comply with any more restrictive requirements of the State and Federal government relating thereto. Limitations on signs as set forth in this Section shall not apply to any sign or directional device erected by the Federal, State, County or Township government or agency thereof.
G. 
No sign shall be placed in such a position as to endanger traffic by obscuring view or by confusing with official street signs or signals because of position, color or reflective surface and no sign other than street signage or of governmental authority shall be placed within a sight triangle.
H. 
No sign shall project over a public walkway, except for signs of governmental authority. For those exceptions where a sign is permitted, the lowest edge of such sign shall be at least eight (8) feet above the sidewalk elevation.
I. 
Only one (1) sign of a permitted type for which a permit is required shall be erected on any one (1) premises held in single and separate ownership unless otherwise specified in this Ordinance.
J. 
No sign shall have a dimension greater than as approved by the Board as part of site plan approval.
K. 
Flags other than official national, State, County, or municipal flags shall be considered to be signs and shall comply with applicable regulations. Flagpoles shall not exceed thirty (30) feet in height nor be located closer than thirty (30) feet to a right-of-way.
L. 
Every permitted sign must be constructed with durable materials, must conform with the requirements of the BOCA Building Code, and must be kept in good condition and repair. Any sign which is allowed to become dilapidated may be removed by the municipality at the expense of the owner or lessee of the property on which it is located.
M. 
Except where more restrictive, no sign or any part thereof shall be located closer than ten (10) feet to any street right-of-way or lot line.
N. 
All signs shall have a border a minimum of two (2) inches in width on all sides of the sign. The structural frame may be used to meet the requirement for a border.
O. 
Parking, traffic control, directional and warning signs as approved or deemed necessary to the public welfare shall be permitted in all zones, provided that they do not exceed four (4) square feet in area and do not contain advertising.
A. 
Only one (1) freestanding sign is permitted for each property.
B. 
Freestanding signs shall be set back a minimum of thirty (30) feet from any residential district. Freestanding signs shall be placed in a location which will allow sufficient reaction time for drivers on the adjacent roads, and not obstruct the visibility of cars entering and exiting the site.
C. 
In no case shall a freestanding sign be located closer than ten (10) feet to any street right-of-way or thirty (30) feet to any side or rear property line unless otherwise noted in the particular zone district.
D. 
Freestanding signs shall comply with the freestanding sign setback requirement of the zone where the sign will be located.
E. 
No freestanding, ground, monument or pylon sign shall have more than two (2) sign faces. The maximum distance between the faces of a double faced sign shall not exceed eighteen (18) inches.
F. 
Freestanding sign components relating to an assemblage of businesses such as a shopping center shall be grouped in an aesthetically compatible and visually coordinated manner.
G. 
Freestanding signs shall consist of materials and colors similar to and compatible with the primary structure.
H. 
Freestanding signs shall be supported utilizing durable materials which may include concrete, steel, treated wood, other suitable material or combination of same. Supports for freestanding signs shall be set securely in the ground or concrete so that the sign will be capable of withstanding high winds.
A. 
The width of a wall sign extending perpendicular from the building face shall not exceed twelve (12) inches. Signs erected flat against a building wall shall not extend above the height of a vertical wall, parapet or eave to which they are attached.
B. 
There shall not be more than one (1) facade or wall sign as herein regulated to each separate tenant of the premises except where the tenant's unit fronts on two (2) streets, then one (1) facade or wall sign shall be permitted per frontage.
C. 
No sign shall be placed upon any roof surface, except for roof surfaces constructed at an angle of seventy-five (75) degrees or more from the horizontal. Such signage shall not exceed a three (3) foot height nor extend beyond the roof line to which it is attached.
D. 
The maximum height of any facade sign shall not exceed five (5) feet and the maximum width shall not exceed sixty-five (65%) percent of the width of the wall upon which the sign is erected, attached or painted.
Where a business establishment has a canopy or awning, a sign may be attached to the face of the canopy or awning instead of a wall mounted sign provided the sign does not extend above the highest point of the canopy or awning and further provided that:
A. 
Signs attached to, painted on or part of the face of the canopy or awning shall not extend above, below, or to the sides of the face of the canopy or awning nor extend more than four (4) inches from the face of the canopy or awning.
B. 
For the purpose of this section, canopy or awning shall mean a covering extending from a building wall, having horizontal or nearly horizontal top and bottom surfaces, located at least eight (8) feet above the sidewalk or the ground below, but not including any extension of the building roof.
C. 
Maximum sign area and size shall be determined by the size and dimensions of the wall to which the canopy or awning is attached.
D. 
The maximum height of any canopy or awning sign shall not exceed three (3) feet and the maximum width shall not exceed seventy-five (75%) percent of the width of the canopy or awning upon which the sign is erected, attached or painted.
A. 
Signs shall be non-rotating and contain no advertising.
B. 
The area of the sign shall not exceed twenty-four (24) square feet nor be located on a lot with less than two hundred (200) feet of road frontage.
C. 
There shall not be any other time and temperature sign within one thousand five hundred (1,500) feet of another such sign.
Unless specifically prohibited, all signs may be illuminated as provided for below:
A. 
Wiring for illuminated signs shall be installed and maintained in accordance with the electrical codes of the municipality.
B. 
Illuminated signs shall be either indirectly lighted or shall be of the diffused lighting type. No sign shall be lit by means of flashing or intermittent illumination, except for intermittent illumination necessary to show time and temperature changes on signs intended for that purpose. Floodlights used for illumination of any sign, whether or not such floodlights are attached to or are separate from a building, shall not project light above the highest elevation of the front wall of the building or more than eighteen (18) feet above the ground level, whichever is less. All illuminated signs shall be properly shielded and so located as to prevent glare or blinding effects upon motor vehicle traffic and so as not to cause a nuisance to residents of the area.
C. 
Whenever the Chief of Police, his designee or the Township Engineer determines that the lighting on any sign now or hereafter erected constitutes a safety hazard to motor vehicle traffic in the vicinity, he shall serve written notice of his determination upon the property owner and owner of the sign, directing them to correct the condition within fifteen (15) days from the date of the mailing of the notice. Failure to correct the condition or file an appeal within the time specified shall constitute a violation of this Section by both the sign owner and property owner.
D. 
Where illuminated signs are permitted, signs facing a residence or residential zone shall not be illuminated between the hours of 10:00 p.m. and 7:00 a.m., unless the business or uses advertised are open to the public later than 10:00 p.m., in which event such establishment may keep a sign illuminated until business is closed to the public but not thereafter.
The following signs are prohibited in all zones in the municipality:
A. 
Signs using red, yellow and green lights placed within one hundred (100) feet of any traffic control signal now or hereafter erected.
B. 
Moving or revolving signs and signs using blinking, flashing, vibrating, flickering, tracer, sequential or intermittent lighting, with the exception of any time or temperature displays.
C. 
Changeable copy displays and message boards except for public uses, quasi-public uses, theaters, and vehicular service station price signs.
D. 
Signs using any material which sparkles or glitters, but nothing herein contained is intended to prohibit the use of reflective paint on signs directing traffic or identifying various locations within a lot or parcel. Signs which emit smoke, visible vapors or particles, sound or odor.
E. 
Roof and projecting signs except as noted in Sections 13-8.905C and 13-8.906.
F. 
Signs having more than two (2) sign faces.
G. 
Signs or advertising matter of an indecent or obscene nature.
H. 
Signs using words such as "stop", "look", "danger", etc., which are placed in a manner or position which in the judgment of the Chief of Police constitutes a traffic hazard or otherwise interferes with the free flow of traffic.
I. 
Signs which in any way simulate official, direction or warning signs or otherwise cause confusion with those erected or maintained by the State of New Jersey, Morris County or Roxbury Township or by any railroad, public utility or agency concerned with the protection of the public health or safety or signs which hide from view any traffic or street sign or signal.
J. 
Any sign which may dangerously confuse or distract the attention of the operator of a motor vehicle.
K. 
Except where specifically permitted, signs advertising a product or service not sold on the premises, signs advertising or directing attention to another premises and any other signs unrelated to the premises on which the sign is erected.
L. 
Signs causing interference with radio or television reception.
M. 
Signs obstructing doors, fire escapes or stairways or keeping light or air from windows used for living quarters.
N. 
Streamers, flags, banners, pinwheels, wind driven signs, flapping signs, rotating signs, inflatable signs, A-type signs, sandwich-type signs, sidewalk signs, curb signs and similar advertising devices, except as may otherwise be permitted in this Ordinance.
O. 
Signs which are portable or fixed on a movable stand; self-supporting without being firmly imbedded in the ground; supported by other objects; mounted on wheels or movable vehicle; or made easily movable in any other manner except as may otherwise be permitted in this Ordinance.
P. 
Signs attached, affixed or painted on trees, rocks, other natural features, utility poles, light poles, signs attached to other signs, and signs placed upon motor vehicles which are continuously or repeatedly parked in a conspicuous location to serve as a sign.
Q. 
Any series of two (2) or more signs placed along a street or highway carrying an advertising message, part of which is contained on each sign.
R. 
No billboard or billboard-type signs shall be erected.
S. 
Signs located in a public right-of-way, or approved site easement except those owned and maintained by a duly constituted governmental agency.
T. 
Signs located, painted or affixed on a water tower, storage tank, tower or other similar structure.
[Ord. No. 18-09 § 6]
The following signs do not require a sign permit and are exempt from the provisions of this chapter provided they meet State requirements, where applicable:
A. 
Signs posted by governmental agencies or pursuant to governmental statute, order or regulation.
B. 
Temporary and permanent traffic signs and signals installed by the municipality, County and State for the purpose of directing and regulating the flow of traffic.
C. 
Signs indicating public transportation stops when installed by the municipality or a public transportation facility.
D. 
One nonilluminated or shielded illuminated residence designation sign attached to a wall, not exceeding one (1) square foot in surface area, shall be permitted for each single-family residence, multi-family residence or conditional home business use (subsection 13-7.3501).
E. 
Parking, traffic control, directional, entrance, exit, loading zones, and warning signs when deemed necessary for the public welfare provided that they do not exceed four (4) square feet in area. With the exception of entrance and exit signs, traffic signage shall not contain advertising.
F. 
Non-illuminated or internally illuminated information or public service signs, such as those advertising the availability of rest rooms, telephone, or similar public conveniences, provided that such signs do not advertise any commercial establishment, activity, organization, product, goods or services, except those of public utilities.
G. 
Historic tablets, cornerstones, memorial plaques and emblems which do not exceed six (6) square feet in area and which are installed by government agencies or religious organizations.
H. 
Trespassing signs; signs indicating the private nature of a road, driveway, or premises; and signs prohibiting or otherwise controlling fishing or hunting upon a particular premises, provided that the area of one (1) side of any such sign shall not exceed two (2) square feet.
I. 
Flags or emblems of religious, educational, civic or governmental organizations flown from supports on the buildings or grounds occupied by the organization whenever and wherever flown in accordance with the laws and rules promulgated by the Federal government, except that no flag may be placed closer than thirty (30) feet to any right-of-way nor exceed a thirty (30) foot height.
J. 
One (1) lawn sign identifying the occupant and/or conditional home business use, not exceeding two (2) square feet in area for each side located ten (10) feet from the right-of-way and all property lines. A sign for a conditional home business use shall only indicate the name and profession of the resident.
K. 
Illuminated and non-illuminated signs which are an integral part of vending machines.
L. 
All temporary signs pursuant to the requirements of Section 13-8.911.
M. 
Signs lighting and displays erected in connection with the observance of holidays. Signs shall be removed within fifteen (15) days following the holiday.
The following regulations shall apply to temporary signs permitted in any zone unless otherwise specified:
A. 
Non-illuminated real estate signs announcing the sale, rental or lease of the premises on which the sign is located. The sign may be double-faced and, except as noted below, only one (1) sign shall be permitted on each lot or parcel unless it fronts on more than one (1) street whereby one (1) sign shall be permitted per frontage. The maximum size of the sign shall be in accordance with the following schedule:
1. 
Residential zones: six (6) square feet
2. 
Business zones: twelve (12) square feet
3. 
Industrial zones: twenty-four (24) square feet
4. 
Residential developments with six (6) or more homes for sale may be advertised on a non-illuminated real estate sign not to exceed thirty-two (32) square feet nor a ten (10) foot height and located within the development advertised.
5. 
The advertised use of the structure shall be in accordance with the zoning permitted in the district in which it is located.
6. 
All real estate signs shall be removed within fifteen (15) days after closing or settlement on said property or the execution of the lease.
B. 
Temporary signs for advertising public functions or fund raising events for charitable or religious organizations shall be permitted for a period of thirty (30) days prior to the event and shall be removed within fifteen (15) days after the event.
C. 
Temporary political signs may be erected for a period of sixty (60) days. Campaign signs shall be removed within fifteen (15) days after the election.
D. 
Relocation information sign for a period of thirty (30) days. A relocation sign shall be restricted to the present location of the relocating business. The relocation sign shall be incorporated into the existing sign and shall not be in excess of standards set forth for the zone in which the business is located.
E. 
Construction Signs. One (1) sign announcing the name of developer, architect, engineer, contractor, subcontractors, funding source, the building enterprise and related information shall be permitted at a site under construction, alteration or repair, provided the sign shall not exceed thirty-two (32) square feet in area and that the sign shall be removed before a Certificate of Occupancy is issued.
F. 
Temporary window signs advertising or describing sales or special merchandise are permitted without a permit, only on the first floor, provided that the same sign does not remain visible from the exterior of the building for a period of longer than twenty (20) days and that all of the signs individually or collectively do not exceed thirty (30%) percent of all available window space on the first floor window on which the signs are located.
A. 
Notwithstanding any provision of this section, the Administrative Official may issue a temporary permit for a period not to exceed three (3) weeks for special signs advertising the opening of a new business or commercial enterprise subject to the following conditions:
1. 
A temporary sign permit shall be obtained in accordance with Section 13-8.902.1 and specifically note the date of erection and removal.
2. 
One (1) temporary sign not exceeding thirty-two (32) square feet shall be located on the same property as the business or enterprise they advertise and be set back a minimum of ten (10) feet from the street right-of-way and all adjoining property lines.
3. 
The use of banners, pennants, flags, and similar advertising devices where it is determined by the Administrative Official that such signs can be erected without impairing the safety and welfare of the general public.
4. 
Such signs shall be maintained in an orderly manner at all times.
5. 
Such temporary signs shall be removed immediately upon expiration of the permit. Citation, violations and fines shall commence upon failure to remove the signage upon the expiration date of the permit.
6. 
All other applicable portions of this section except number and size of signs shall apply.
Signs which either do not lend themselves to the ordinary processes of measurement or, because of their nature, require special control, may be permitted when the Board finds such signs to be in conformance with the intent of this chapter and appropriate to the type of development or structure to which they are related. Signs of or similar to the following type require special permits:
A. 
Signs integrated or structurally incorporated into the architecture of buildings.
B. 
Signs formed by the arrangement of cutting of landscaping materials or plantings.
A. 
All signs with all their supports, braces, hooks, anchors and other fastening devices, shall be of substantial and sturdy construction, shall be kept in good repair, and shall be painted or cleaned as often as necessary to maintain a clean, neat, safe and orderly appearance. In the event that the Zoning Officer of the municipality determines that any sign now hereafter erected has fallen into a state of disrepair, has become dilapidated or constitutes a safety hazard, the sign owner and property owner shall be given written notice to correct the condition within thirty (30) days from the date of the mailing of the notice. Failure to correct the condition or file an appeal within the time provided shall constitute a violation of this Section.
B. 
All signs shall be maintained in good repair. Lack of proper maintenance shall be considered abandonment and the sign shall be removed upon notification by the Construction Official.
C. 
If a sign other than a billboard advertises a business, service, commodity, accommodation, attraction, or other enterprise or activity that is no longer operating or being offered or conducted, that sign shall be considered abandoned and shall, within thirty (30) days after such abandonment, be removed by the sign owner, owner of the property where the sign is located, or other party having control over such sign.
D. 
If the message portion of the sign is removed, leaving only the "shell" of the sign of the supporting braces, anchors, or similar components, the owner of the sign or the owner of the property where the sign is located or other person having control over such sign shall, within thirty (30) days of the removal of the message portion of the sign, either replace the entire message portion of the sign or remove the remaining components of the sign. This shall not be construed to prevent the changing of the message of a sign.
Only the following signs shall be permitted:
A. 
For nonresidential uses, one (1) freestanding sign per lot, not exceeding a maximum area of thirty-two (32) square feet and a maximum height of fifteen (15) feet.
B. 
For nonresidential uses, a freestanding sign shall be located no closer than ten (10) feet to any street right-of-way or thirty (30) feet to any side or rear property line.
C. 
For nonresidential uses, one (1) façade, canopy, awning or permanent window sign per occupant. The total aggregate area of all such signs shall note exceed ten (10%) percent of the area of the face of the wall upon which such sign or signs are erected, attached or painted.
Only the following signs shall be permitted:
A. 
One (1) name plate sign attached to a wall. The sign shall not be more than one (1) square foot in area, and shall be located within the property lines. A sign for conditional home business use shall indicate only the name and profession of the resident.
B. 
One (1) lawn sign identifying the occupant and/or conditional home business use, not exceeding two (2) square feet in area on each side located ten (10) feet from the right-of-way and all property lines. A sign for a conditional home business use shall indicate only the name and profession of the resident.
C. 
One (1) permanent sign to identify the name of a residential development of twenty-five (25) units or more. Such sign shall be a maximum of thirty-two (32) square feet in size, seven (7) feet in height and shall be located a minimum of fifteen (15) feet from any property line. Multi-family developments shall be permitted one (1) freestanding sign per development for each public street frontage.
D. 
At the rental or sales office of the residential development, one (1) temporary freestanding sign advertising the office, not to exceed fifteen (15) square feet in area and not more than five (5) feet in height.
E. 
Religious institutions, nursing homes, assisted living facilities, private schools, service organizations and public buildings and facilities may have one (1) freestanding sign or bulletin board, not more than twenty-four (24) square feet in area, not to exceed six (6) feet in height, on each major street bordering the property. The source of light from any such sign, if illuminated, shall not be visible from any adjacent property or from any street.
F. 
Signs deemed necessary by the Governing Body.
G. 
With the exception of signs as noted in paragraph F. above, no sign permitted in the residential districts shall be located closer than ten (10) feet to any road right-of-way or adjoining property.
Only the following signs shall be permitted:
A. 
Signs in the POR District.
1. 
One (1) façade, canopy, awning or permanent window sign per nonresidential occupant. The total aggregate area of all such signs shall not exceed seven (7%) percent of the area of the face of the wall upon which such sign or signs are erected, attached or painted, except as noted in paragraph 2. below.
2. 
The total aggregate area of façade, canopy, awning or permanent window sign or signs with exposure to Route 10 shall not exceed ten (10%) percent of the area of the face of the wall upon which such sign or signs are erected, attached or painted.
3. 
One (1) freestanding sign per lot, not to exceed the following standards, based upon the predominant exposure:
Street Name
Maximum Freestanding Sign Size
Minimum Freestanding Sign Setback*
Maximum Freestanding Sign Height
Commerce Boulevard
50 sq. ft.
10 feet
12 feet
Main St. Succasunna
32 sq. ft.
10 feet
8 feet
Route 10
55 sq. ft.
10 feet
12 feet
Mount Arlington Boulevard
32 sq. ft.
10 feet
8 feet
Shippenport Road
50 sq. ft.
10 feet
8 feet
All others
16 sq. ft.
10 feet
7 feet
*Note - setback from street right-of-way.
B. 
Signs in the B-I District.
1. 
One (1) facade, canopy, awning or permanent window sign per occupant. The total aggregate area of all such signs shall not exceed ten (10) percent of the area of the face of the wall upon which such sign or signs are erected, attached or painted except as noted in paragraph 2. below.
2. 
One (1) freestanding sign per lot, not to exceed the following standards which are based upon the predominant street exposure:
Street Name
Maximum Freestanding Sign Size
Minimum Freestanding Sign Setback*
Maximum Freestanding Sign Height
Landing Road
50 sq. ft.
15 feet
18 feet
Lakeside Boulevard
50 sq. ft.
15 feet
18 feet
Mount Arlington Boulevard (west of Laurie Road)
50 sq. ft.
15 feet
18 feet
Mount Arlington Boulevard (east of Laurie Road)
32 sq. ft.
10 feet
16 feet
Shippenport Road
50 sq. ft.
15 feet
18 feet
Commerce Boulevard
32 sq. ft.
10 feet
16 feet
Route 46
55 sq. ft.
15 feet
18 feet
All others
32 sq. ft.
10 feet
16 feet
*Note - Setback from street right-of-way.
C. 
Signs in the B-1A District.
1. 
One (1) façade, canopy, awning or permanent window sign per occupant. The total aggregate area of all such signs shall not exceed ten (10%) percent of the area of the face of the wall upon which such sign or signs are erected, attached or painted, except as noted in paragraph 2. below.
2. 
The total aggregate area of façade, canopy, awning or permanent window sign(s) with exposure to Main Street Succasunna shall not exceed seven (7%) percent of the area of the face of the wall upon which such sign(s) are erected, attached or painted.
3. 
One (1) freestanding sign per lot, not to exceed the following standards based upon predominant street exposure:
Street Name
Maximum Freestanding Sign Size
Minimum Freestanding Sign Setback*
Maximum Freestanding Sign Height
Eden Lane
50 sq. ft.
15 feet
10 feet
Gold Mine Road
50 sq. ft.
15 feet
10 feet
Main St. Succasunna
32 sq. ft.
10 feet
8 feet
Landing Road
55 sq. ft.
15 feet
12 feet
Route 183
60 sq. ft.
15 feet
12 feet
Shippenport Road
55 sq. ft.
15 feet
12 feet
Route 206
60 sq. ft.
15 feet
12 feet
All others
16 sq. ft.
10 feet
7 feet
*Note - setback from street right-of-way.
D. 
Signs in the B-2 District.
1. 
One (1) facade, canopy, awning, or permanent window sign per occupant. The total aggregate area of all such signs shall not exceed ten (10%) percent of the area of the face of the wall upon which such sign or signs are erected, attached or painted except as noted in paragraph 2. below.
2. 
The total aggregate area of facade, canopy, awning or permanent window sign or signs with exposure to Main Street Succasunna shall not exceed seven (7%) percent of the area of the face of the wall upon which such sign or signs are erected, attached or painted.
3. 
One (1) freestanding sign per lot, not to exceed the following standards which are based upon the predominant street exposure:
Street Name
Maximum Freestanding Sign Size
Minimum Freestanding Sign Setback*
Maximum Freestanding Sign Height
Arlington Avenue
16 sq. ft.
10 feet
7 feet
Commerce Boulevard
55 sq. ft.
15 feet
18 feet
Kings Parkway
16 sq. ft.
10 feet
7 feet
Lakeside Boulevard
55 sq. ft.
15 feet
20 feet
Manor Parkway
16 sq. ft.
10 feet
7 feet
Mooney Road
55 sq. ft.
15 feet
18 feet
Route 10
75 sq. ft.
20 feet
20 feet
Route 46 (west of Dell Ave)
75 sq. ft.
20 feet
20 feet
Route 46 (east of Dell Ave)
55 sq. ft.
15 feet
18 feet
Roxbury Avenue
16 sq. ft.
10 feet
7 feet
Shippenport Road
55 sq. ft.
15 feet
18 feet
All others
32 sq. ft.
10 feet
16 feet
*Note - Setback from street right-of-way.
4. 
No freestanding sign shall be oriented toward Interstate Route 80.
E. 
Signs in the B-3 District.
1. 
One (1) facade, canopy, awning, or permanent window sign per occupant. The total aggregate area of all such signs shall not exceed ten (10%) percent of the area of the face of the wall upon which such sign or signs are erected, attached or painted.
2. 
One (1) freestanding sign per lot, not to exceed the following standards which are based upon the predominant street exposure:
Street Name
Maximum Freestanding Sign Size
Minimum Freestanding Sign Setback*
Maximum Freestanding Sign Height
Commerce Boulevard
55 sq. ft.
15 feet
18 feet
Howard Boulevard
75 sq. ft.
20 feet
22 feet
Lakeside Boulevard
120 sq. ft.
25 feet
25 feet
Route 10
120 sq. ft.
25 feet
25 feet
Route 46
75 sq. ft.
20 feet
22 feet
All others
32 sq. ft.
10 feet
16 feet
*Note - Setback from street right-of-way.
F. 
Signs in the OB District.
1. 
One (1) facade, canopy, awning, or permanent window sign per use. The total aggregate area of all such signs shall not exceed ten (10%) percent of the area of the face of the wall upon which such sign or signs are erected, attached or painted.
2. 
One (1) freestanding sign, not to exceed the following standards which are based upon the predominant street exposure:
Street Name
Maximum Freestanding Sign Size
Minimum Freestanding Sign Setback*
Maximum Freestanding Sign Height
Commerce Boulevard
55 sq. ft.
15 feet
18 feet
Howard Boulevard
50 sq. ft.
15 feet
18 feet
Route 46
75 sq. ft.
20 feet
20 feet
All Others
32 sq. ft.
10 feet
16 feet
*Note - Setback from street right-of-way.
3. 
No freestanding sign shall be oriented towards Interstate Route 80.
4. 
A Planned Highway Area Commercial Development is permitted one (1) freestanding sign for the project which shall not exceed twenty-five (25) feet in height and one hundred twenty (120) square feet in sign size per sign face with a minimum setback of fifteen (15) feet to the right-of-way.
G. 
Signs in the I-1 District.
1. 
One (1) facade, canopy, awning, or permanent window sign per occupant. The total aggregate area of all such signs shall not exceed ten (10%) percent of the area of the face of the wall upon which such sign or signs are erected, attached or painted.
2. 
One (1) freestanding sign per lot, not to exceed the following standards which are based upon the predominant street exposure:
Street Name
Maximum Freestanding Sign Size
Minimum Freestanding Sign Setback*
Maximum Freestanding Sign Height
North Frontage Road
50 sq. ft.
15 feet
18 feet
All Others
32 sq. ft.
10 feet
16 feet
*Note - Setback from street right-of-way.
3. 
No freestanding sign shall be oriented towards Interstate Route 80.
H. 
Signs in the I-3 District.
1. 
One (1) facade, canopy, awning, or permanent window sign per occupant. The total aggregate area of all such signs shall not exceed ten (10%) percent of the area of the face of the wall upon which such sign or signs are erected, attached or painted.
2. 
One (1) freestanding sign per lot, not to exceed the following standards which are based upon the predominant street exposure:
Street Name
Maximum Freestanding Sign Size
Minimum Freestanding Sign Setback*
Maximum Freestanding Sign Height
Howard Boulevard
75 sq. ft.
20 feet
20 feet
Route 46
75 sq. ft.
20 feet
20 feet
Ledgewood
Mount Arlington Road
32 sq. ft.
10 feet
12 feet
Dell Avenue
55 sq. ft.
15 feet
18 feet
All others
32 sq. ft.
10 feet
12 feet
*Note - Setback from street right-of-way.
3. 
No freestanding sign shall be oriented towards Interstate Route 80.
I. 
Signs in the I-5 District.
1. 
One (1) facade, canopy, awning, or permanent window sign per occupant. The total aggregate area of all such signs shall not exceed ten (10%) percent of the area of the face of the wall upon which such sign or signs are erected, attached or painted.
2. 
One (1) freestanding sign per lot, not to exceed the following standards which are based upon the predominant street exposure:
Street Name
Maximum Freestanding Sign Size
Minimum Freestanding Sign Setback*
Maximum Freestanding Sign Height
Center Street
32 sq. ft.
10 feet
16 feet
Canal Street-Port Morris
24 sq. ft.
10 feet
7 feet
Kings Highway
32 sq. ft.
10 feet
16 feet
All others
32 sq. ft.
10 feet
12 feet
*Note - Setback from street right-of-way.
J. 
Signs in the I-10 District.
1. 
One (1) facade, canopy, awning, or permanent window sign per occupant. The total aggregate area of all such signs shall not exceed ten (10%) percent of the area of the face of the wall upon which such sign or signs are erected, attached or painted.
2. 
One (1) freestanding sign per lot, not to exceed the following standards which are based upon the predominant street exposure;
Street Name
Maximum Freestanding Sign Size
Minimum Freestanding Sign Setback*
Maximum Freestanding Sign Height
Berkshire Valley Road
50 sq. ft.
15 feet
18 feet
Dell Avenue
55 sq. ft.
15 feet
18 feet
Halsey Street
24 sq. ft.
10 feet
7 feet
Pine Street
24 sq. ft.
10 feet
7 feet
All Others
32 sq. ft.
10 feet
16 feet
*Note - Setback from street right-of-way.
K. 
Signs in the OR-5 District
1. 
One (1) facade, canopy, awning, or permanent window sign per occupant. The total aggregate area of all such signs shall not exceed ten (10%) percent of the area of the face of the wall upon which such sign or signs are erected, attached or painted.
2. 
One (1) freestanding sign per lot, not to exceed the following standards which are based upon the predominant street exposure:
Street Name
Maximum Freestanding Sign Size
Minimum Freestanding Sign Setback*
Maximum Freestanding Sign Height
Eden Lane
50 sq. ft.
15 feet
10 feet
Route 206
60 sq. ft.
15 feet
12 feet
Howard Boulevard
60 sq. ft.
15 feet
12 feet
All others
50 sq. ft.
15 feet
10 feet
*Note - Setback from street right-of-way.
3. 
No freestanding sign shall be oriented toward Interstate Route 80.
L. 
Signs in the LI/OR District.
1. 
One (1) façade, canopy, awning or permanent window sign per occupant. The total aggregate area of all such signs shall not exceed ten (10%) percent of the area of the face of the wall upon which such sign or signs are erected, attached or painted.
2. 
One (1) freestanding sign per lot, not to exceed the following standards which are based upon the predominant street exposure:
Street Name
Maximum Freestanding Sign Size
Minimum Freestanding Sign Setback*
Maximum Freestanding Sign Height
Berkshire Valley Rd
50 sq. ft.
15 feet
18 feet
Landing Rd
50 sq. ft.
15 feet
18 feet
North Frontage Rd
50 sq. ft.
15 feet
18 feet
Orben Drive
50 sq. ft.
15 feet
18 feet
Route 46
75 sq. ft.
20 feet
20 feet
All others
32 sq. ft.
10 feet
12 feet
*Note - Setback from street right-of-way.
3. 
No freestanding sign shall be oriented towards Interstate Route 80.
A. 
Subject to the restrictions of this section, nonconforming signs that were otherwise lawful on the effective date of this article may be continued except as provided below.
1. 
No person may engage in any activity that causes an increase in the extent of nonconformity of a nonconforming sign. No nonconforming sign may be enlarged or altered in such a manner as to aggravate the nonconforming condition, nor may illumination be added to any nonconforming sign.
2. 
A nonconforming sign may not be moved or replaced except to bring the sign into complete conformity with this Section.
3. 
If a nonconforming sign is destroyed by natural causes, it may not thereafter be repaired, reconstructed, or replaced except in conformity with all the provisions of this chapter, and the remnants of the former sign structure shall be cleared from the land. For purposes of this Section, a nonconforming sign is "destroyed" if damaged to an extent that the cost of repairing the sign to its former stature or replacing it with an equivalent sign equals or exceeds fifty (50%) percent of the value (tax value if listed for tax purposes) of the sign so damaged.
4. 
The message of a nonconforming sign may be changed as long as it does not create any new nonconformities.
5. 
Subject to other provisions of this Section, nonconforming signs may be repaired and renovated as long as the cost of such work does not exceed within any twelve (12) month period fifty (50%) percent of the value (tax value if listed for tax purposes) of such sign.
6. 
If a nonconforming sign other than a billboard advertises a business, service, commodity, accommodation, attraction, or other enterprise of activity that is no longer operating or being offered or conducted, that sign shall be considered abandoned and shall be removed within thirty (30) days after such abandonment by the sign owner, owner of the property where the sign is located, or other party having control over such sign.
7. 
If a nonconforming billboard remains blank for a continuous period of one hundred eighty (180) days, that billboard shall be deemed abandoned and shall, within thirty (30) days after such abandonment, be altered to comply with this article or be removed by the sign owner, owner of the property where the sign is located, or other person having control over such sign. For purposes of this Section, a sign is "blank" if;
(a) 
It advertises a business service, commodity, accommodation, attraction, or other enterprise or activity that is no longer operating or being offered or conducted; or
(b) 
The advertising message it displays becomes illegible in whole or substantial part; or
(c) 
The advertising copy paid for by a party other than the sign owner or promoting an interest other than the rental of the sign has been removed.
A. 
No person may, for the purpose of increasing or enhancing the visibility of any sign, damage, trim, destroy, or remove any trees, shrubs or other vegetation located:
1. 
Within the right-of-way of any public street or road, unless the work is done pursuant to the express written authorization of the municipality or agency having jurisdiction over the streets.
2. 
On property that is not under the ownership or control of the person doing or responsible for such work, unless the work is done pursuant to the express authorization of the person owning the property where such trees or shrubs are located.
3. 
In any area where such trees or shrubs are required to remain under a permit issued under this Ordinance.
All street signs shall, in addition to complying with this chapter, comply with all appropriate County, State and Federal regulations. Should this chapter be in conflict with County, State or Federal regulations, the more strict regulations shall be observed.
[Ord. No. 4-06 § 2]
The penalties for noncompliance of this article shall be as set forth in Section 13-2.802 of this chapter.
A. 
Prior to the issuance of any subdivision or site plan approval or construction or occupancy permit for any nonresidential use, the applicant shall submit evidence to the approving Board or Construction Official showing compliance with the applicable approval procedures of all authorized governmental agencies and with all of the following regulations. In the case of a structure being built where the future use is not known, a construction permit may be issued with the condition that no Certificate of Occupancy will be issued until such time as this documentation is submitted with respect to the particular occupant. A new application and a new Certificate of Occupancy shall be required in the event of a change of any use of any structure as mandated by the Uniform Construction Code.
B. 
Electrical and/or Electronic Devices. All electronic or electrical devices shall be subject to the provisions of Public Law 90-602, 90th Congress, HR 10790, dated October 18, 1968, entitled, "An Act for the Protection of Public Health and Safety from the Dangers of Electronic Product Radiation." Radiation products, as defined in DHEW publication No. (FDA) 75-10003, shall be so limited and controlled that no measurable energy can be recorded at any point beyond the property boundaries. The applicant, upon request, shall produce certified data wherein measurements made in accordance with the procedures and standards set forth in the DHEW Publication No. (FDA) 75-10003 adequately demonstrate compliance with the minimum standards established by the Act. All other forms of electromagnetic radiation lying between one hundred (100) KHz and eighteen (18) GHz shall be restricted to the technical limits established in the Federal Communications Commission's Rules and Regulations. Additionally, electric or electronic equipment shall be shielded so there is no interference with any radio or television reception at the lot line, beyond the operator's dwelling unit in the case of multi-family dwellings, as the result of the operation of such equipment.
C. 
Fire and Explosion Hazards. All activities or operations involving fire or explosion hazards shall be carried on in conformity with the provisions of the Fire Prevention Code of the Township of Roxbury.
D. 
Glare. There shall be no direct or sky-reflected glare exceeding 0.3 foot candle measured at the property line of the lot occupied by such use. This regulation shall not apply to lights used at driveway entrances or exits. Exterior lighting shall be shielded and directed so that glare, direct light or reflection will not become a nuisance to adjoining properties, adjoining dwelling units, adjoining districts or streets.
E. 
Heat. No use shall produce heat perceptible beyond its lot lines. Furthermore, no use shall be permitted which would cause the temperature to rise or fall in a body of water.
F. 
Liquid or Solid Waste.
1. 
No industrial operation shall discharge untreated industrial wastes of any kind into any reservoir, pond or lake. The discharge of untreated industrial wastes into a stream shall be prohibited. All methods of sewage and industrial waste treatment and disposal shall be approved by and conform to the current standards of the Township and New Jersey State Health Departments, the New Jersey Department of Environmental Protection, and the Municipal Utilities Authority.
2. 
All hazardous materials used on-site shall be disposed of in a safe manner in accordance with regulations established by the New Jersey Department of Environmental Protection as they are adopted and regulated.
3. 
No materials or wastes shall be deposited upon a lot in such form or manner that they may be transferred off the lot by natural causes or forces, nor shall any substance be deposited which can contaminate an underground aquifer, stream, underground stream, or pond, or otherwise render any such waters undesirable as a source of water supply or recreation, or which will destroy aquatic life.
4. 
All materials or wastes which might cause fumes or dust or which constitute a fire hazard or which may be edible or otherwise attractive to rodents or insects shall be stored indoors and enclosed in appropriate containers adequate to eliminate such hazards.
5. 
The discharge and disposal of solid and liquid wastes into an underground drainage field shall be in accordance with plans and specifications as approved by the Township Department of Health, State Department of Health and State Department of Environmental Protection.
G. 
Noise. Uses and equipment shall be designed and operated in accordance with those rules and regulations pertaining to noise levels established by the New Jersey Department of Environmental Protection as they are adopted and regulated.
H. 
Odors. There shall be no emission of odorous gases or other odorous matter in such quantities as to be offensive at the property line of the lot occupied by such use. The "odor threshold" at the property line is defined as the minimum quantities in air of a gas, vapor, or particulate matter that can be detected by the olfactory in terms of a panel of healthy observers.
I. 
Radioactivity. Any activity which emits dangerous radioactivity at any point is prohibited.
J. 
Smoke. No use shall generate emissions at any point, from any chimney or otherwise, which does not comply with NJDEP emission compliance standards as measured using the New Jersey Test Method #2 (7/21/76 or most current version) or which otherwise violates any portion of N.J.A.C. 7:27 or as otherwise restricted by NJDEP permit.
K. 
Ventilation. No use shall obstruct the natural ventilation of adjacent uses. Further, no air conditioners or exhaust fans shall be permitted to discharge exhausted air unless set back from all property lines ten (10) feet or more or unless equipped with baffles to deflect the discharged air away from adjacent uses.
L. 
Vibration. There shall be vibration which is discernible to the human sense of feeling beyond the immediate site on which use is conducted.
M. 
Hazardous Substances. Prior to the issuance of a Certificate of Occupancy, the applicant shall provide a list of hazardous and toxic substances used, stored or manufactured on-site as well as expected quantities, to the Construction Official and health official pursuant to the New Jersey's Workers and Community Right to Know Act.
[Ord. No. 25-09 § 1]
A. 
Purpose. The purpose of these design standards is to preserve and enhance the unique historical, cultural, aesthetic and scenic character of the Township's Main Street Succasunna Historical District.
B. 
Applicability. These design standards shall apply to development projects requiring site plan or subdivision approvals and having frontage on Main Street between Hillside Avenue and Eyland Avenue.
[Ord. No. 25-09 § 1]
A. 
Pavement width — 40 feet.
B. 
Right-of-Way width — 66 feet.
[Ord. No. 25-09 § 1]
A. 
New sidewalk with brick edging shall be installed along the entire Main Street frontage. Sidewalk shall comply with subsections 13-8.610 and 13-8.611 except to the extent they are inconsistent with the provisions of this section. Sidewalk shall be situated within the right-of-way with the specific location to be determined by the approving Board.
B. 
Sidewalk construction shall be in accordance with subsection 13-8.611 and supplemented as follows:
1. 
All concrete shall be Class 'B' (4000 PSI) and colored "French Grey."
2. 
A brick paver edging being one (1) foot in width shall be constructed on each side of the sidewalk. The brick pavers shall be "Pine Hall — English Edge" Red 4" x 8". They shall lay on a two (2) inch sand setting bed, held in place with a PVC rigid edging and set in polymeric joint sand.
3. 
The sidewalk and brick pavers shall be constructed over a seven (7) feet wide layer of four (4) inch thick compacted quarry process stone.
C. 
New concrete curbing shall be installed along the entire Main Street frontage. Curbing shall comply with subsections 13-8.608 and 13-8.609 except to the extent they are inconsistent with the provisions of this section.
1. 
Concrete curb construction shall be in accordance with Section 13-8.609.
2. 
Concrete curb shall be Class 'B' (4000 PSI) and colored French Grey.
[Ord. No. 25-09 § 1]
A. 
Ornamental lighting fixtures shall be installed between the sidewalk and right-of-way on the northerly portion of Main Street and between the sidewalk and curb on the southerly portion of Main Street at locations to be determined by the approving Board. Lighting shall comply with subsection 13-8.707 except to the extent they are inconsistent with the provisions of this section. Electric service and metering of the light fixtures shall be coordinated in accordance with Jersey Central Power & Light standards. The Township shall be responsible for payment of the monthly electric charge for each fixture. Light fixtures shall have the following specifications:
1. 
Cooper Lighting: Streetworks 175 Watt Metal Halide Model #CLB17MW43C262, 240 volts.
2. 
Product Family: (CLB) Classical Cutoff.
3. 
Distribution: (3C) Type III Cutoff.
4. 
Generation Series CAGS Type: (2) Modern.
5. 
Top Type: (6) Nostalgia.
6. 
Finial: (2) Modern.
B. 
Light poles shall have the following specifications:
1. 
Fourteen (14) feet tall Pemco Lighting Products #PLB220-4-14.
2. 
Finish: Fluted black aluminum.
C. 
Banner arms shall have the following specifications:
1. 
One (1) 2' x 3' rectangular banner facing Main Street.
2. 
Two (2) banner arms to accommodate the rectangular banner.
3. 
Econosaver bracket and bonds (black) as manufactured by Rileighs Outdoor Décor.
4. 
Top banner arm mounted thirteen (13) feet above ground.
[Ord. No. 25-09 § 1]
A. 
Street trees shall be planted between the sidewalk and curb at locations to be determined by the approving Board. Street trees shall comply with subsection 13-8.804, except to the extent they are inconsistent with the provisions of this section.
B. 
Street trees shall be Red Maple and/or Honey Locust, with the specific variety and/or cultivar determined by the approving Board.