Township of Bloomfield, NJ
Essex County
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Table of Contents
Table of Contents
[HISTORY: Adopted by the Bloomfield Council 12-1-2014 by Ord. No. 14-50. Amendments noted where applicable.]
The Mayor and Council hereby find and adopt, as if set forth more fully herein, the fact assertions of the "whereas" clauses of this ordinance,[1] as their findings of fact.
[1]
Editor's Note: "This ordinance" refers to Ord. No. 20-26, adopted 4-20-2020. The full text of the ordinance, including the "whereas" clauses, is on file in the Township offices.
A. 
No residential premises, including dwelling houses, apartments, rooming houses or boarding houses or any parts thereof or rooms therein, except duly licensed hotels and motels, shall be rented or let for occupancy by any person or persons for a period or term of less than 30 days.
B. 
Notwithstanding anything to the contrary contained in the Township Code, it shall be unlawful for an owner, lessor, sublessor, any other person(s) or entity(ies) with possessory or use right(s) in a dwelling unit, their principals, partner or shareholders, or their agents, employees, representatives and other persons(s) or entity(ies), acting in concert or a combination thereof, to receive or obtain actual or anticipated consideration for soliciting, advertising, offering, and/or permitting, allowing, or failing to discontinue the use or occupancy of any dwelling unit, as defined herein, for a period of less than 30 days.
C. 
Nothing in this chapter will prevent formation of an otherwise lawful occupancy of a dwelling unit for a rental period of more than 30 days.
D. 
Nothing in this chapter will prevent formation of an otherwise lawful occupancy of a dwelling unit that has previously been engaged in a lawful lease and continues to be rented on a month-to-month basis.
ADVERTISE or ADVERTISING
Any form of solicitation, promotion, and communication for marketing, used to solicit, encourage, persuade, or manipulate viewers, readers, or listeners into contracting for goods and/or services in violation of this chapter, as same may be viewed through various media, including but not limited to, newspapers, magazines, flyers, handbills, pamphlets, commercials, radio, direct mail, Internet websites, or text or other electronic messages for the purpose of establishing occupancies or uses of rental property, for consideration, which are prohibited by this chapter.
CONSIDERATION
Soliciting, charging, demanding, receiving or accepting any legally recognized form of consideration, including a promise or benefit, a quid-pro-quo, rent, fees, other form of payment, or thing of value.
DWELLING UNIT
Any structure, or portion thereof, whether furnished or unfurnished, which is occupied in whole or in part, or intended, arranged or designed to be occupied, for sleeping, dwelling, cooking, gathering and/or entertaining, as a residential occupancy, by one or more persons. This definition includes an apartment, condominium, building, cooperative, converted space, or portions thereof, that is offered to use, made available for use, or is used for accommodations, lodging, cooking, sleeping, gathering and/or entertaining of occupants and/or guest(s), for consideration, for a period of 30 days or less.
HOUSEKEEPING UNIT
Constitutes a family-type situation, involving one or more persons, living together that exhibit the kind of stability, permanency and functional lifestyle equivalent to that of a traditional family unit, as further described in the applicable reported and unreported decisions of the New Jersey Superior Court.
OCCUPANT
Any individual using, inhabiting, living, gathering, entertaining, being entertained as a guest, or sleeping in a dwelling unit, or portion thereof, or having other permission or possessory right(s) within a dwelling unit.
OWNER
Any person(s) or entity(ies), association, limited liability company, corporation, or partnership, or any combination, who legally use, possess, own, lease, sublease or license (including an operator, principal, shareholder, director, agent, or employee, individually or collectively) that has charge, care, control, or participates in the expenses and/or profit of a dwelling unit pursuant to a written or unwritten agreement, rental, lease, license, use, occupancy agreement or any other agreement.
PERSON
An individual, firm, corporation, association, partnership, limited liability company, association, entity, and any person(s) and/or entity(ies) acting in concert or any combination therewith.
RESIDENTIAL OCCUPANCY
The use of a dwelling unit by an occupant(s).
SHORT-TERM RENTAL
Rental of a dwelling unit, or any part of a dwelling unit, including any accessory building, structure or use to the dwelling unit, including but not limited to, a vehicle parked on the property, for 30 consecutive days or less, excluding community residences, shelters, adult family-care homes, a residence temporarily occupied by the owner of another residential property within the Township then undergoing construction activity, or the extension of a month-to-month basis, of an existing lease with a term of at least six months' duration, by the existing tenant.
The residential occupancy of an otherwise lawful and lawfully occupied dwelling unit for a period of 30 days or less by any person who is a member of the housekeeping unit of the owner, without consideration, such as house guests, is permitted.
It shall be unlawful to advertise, solicit or promote by any means actions in violation of this chapter.
A. 
The provisions of this chapter shall be enforced by the Building Code Official, Fire Official, Health Department, other Subcode or Code Official, as their jurisdiction may arise, including legal counsel for the Township or other persons designated by the Township, to issue municipal civil infractions directing alleged violators of this chapter and/or to appear in court or file civil complaints.
B. 
A violation of this chapter is hereby declared to be a public nuisance, a nuisance per se, and is hereby further found and declared to be offensive to the public health, safety and welfare.
C. 
Any person found to have violated any provision of this chapter, without regard to intent or knowledge, shall be liable for the maximum civil penalty, upon adjudicated violation or admission, of a fine not exceeding $1,250. Each day of such violation shall be a new and separate violation of this chapter.
D. 
The penalty imposed herein shall be in addition to any and all other remedies that may accrue under any other law, including, but not limited to, eviction proceedings and/or injunction, reasonable attorneys' fees or other fees and costs, in the Township's Municipal Court or the Superior Court of New Jersey, Essex County Vicinage, or in such other court or tribunal of competent jurisdiction, by either summary disposition or by zoning or construction code municipal proceeding.
This chapter shall supersede and replace any other provisions of the Code of the Township of Bloomfield, now or later enacted, which have or may be construed to have differing or contrary terms or conditions relating to the subject of this chapter. This chapter is not intended to alter the current or later enacted amendments to the Township's Zoning Code.
A. 
Repeal of inconsistent provisions. All ordinances or parts thereof in conflict or inconsistent with this chapter are hereby repealed, but only to the extent of such conflict or inconsistency, it being the legislative intent that all such ordinances or part of ordinances now existing or in effect unless the same are in conflict or inconsistent with any provision of this chapter shall remain in effect.
B. 
Severability. The provisions of this chapter are declared to be severable, and if any section, subsection, sentence, clause or phrase thereof for any reason be held to be invalid or unconstitutional by a court of competent jurisdiction, such decision shall not affect the validity of the remaining sections, subsections, sentences, clauses and phrases of this chapter, but shall remain in effect; it being the legislative intent that this chapter shall stand notwithstanding the invalidity of any part.
C. 
When effective. This chapter shall take effect immediately upon passage and publication as provided by law.