Township of Belleville, NJ
Essex County
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Table of Contents
Table of Contents
[Ord. #138K; Ord. #174U; Ord. #329; Ord. #580;Ord. #597S; Ord. #1138A; Ord. #1151; Ord. #1210; Ord. #1263; Ord. #1350; Ord. #1510; Ord. #1550; Ord. #1847; Ord. #1901; Ord. #2069; Ord. #2086; Ord. #2160; Ord. #2613; Ord. #2861; Ord. #2995; Ord. #3063; Ord. #3126]
[Ord. #1350 § 1]
The maintenance of the water system of the Township is in charge of the bureau of engineering and the Town Engineer shall be responsible therefor. He shall have authorization to maintain a maintenance squad to consist of a foreman, a plumber and a caulker and such other assistants as the engineer may deem necessary should an emergency require their service, and shall keep accurate records of all labor and materials used on work under his direction.
[Ord. #1350 § 3]
The Department of Revenue and Finance shall keep all records in connection with the water system, except those covered by subsection 10-1.1 and shall provide for the reading of water meters and the rendering of bills for the use of water.
[Ord. #1210 §§ 1, 2, 3; Ord. #3063]
a. 
At the time of application, applicants for water service in the Township shall pay a connection fee in the amount of $314 per equivalent dwelling unit.
b. 
The applicant shall also reimburse the Township for all expenses involved in installing the water service to the curbline. These expenses shall include, but not be limited to, time and materials involved with the excavation work and the furnishing, finishing and installation of the service line from the water main to the curbline.
[Ord. #1210 §§ 1, 2, 3]
All applications for water service renewals or replacements shall pay a fee of two $2 for permit for the water service renewals or replacements and if a new curb box is required, shall pay an additional charge of $3. New curb boxes shall be required on all renewals when in the opinion of the plumbing inspector or the Department of Public Works, the curb box is either outdated or in a nonoperating condition. The fees in subsection 10-1.4 and 10-1.5 shall be subject to a further charge in the event that pavement is broken in connection with the work done, which charge shall be based on rates established or to be established by the department of public works.
[Ord. #597S; Ord. #1138A § 1]
a. 
From the curb to the inside of the cellar wall of any building, the services for private consumers shall be made with 5/8 inch AAA lead pipe of standard weight and quality, to be attached to the solder nipple by a wiped joint, and must be laid by a licensed plumber of the Township.
b. 
From the curb to the inside of the cellar of any building the services for consumers may be made with copper tubing of weight "K" with flared fittings, provided that there are no sweat joints underground and a frost loop is made at the curb. The copper tubing shall be laid by a Township licensed plumber.
c. 
All pipes, fixtures and appliances used in connection with the water system in and upon the public streets or highways are the property of the Township.
[Ord. #1350 § 7]
Under no circumstances shall any person other than a duly authorized Township employee be permitted to turn water off or on at the curb except that a licensed plumber may do so in case of an emergency or upon a permit from the Township Engineer, for the purpose of testing his work and when the test is completed, the curb cock shall be closed and left closed. Where a service pipe has been laid to any specified premises, water shall not be taken therefrom to supply any other premises, even though the ownership of both may be the same provided that the out-buildings may be connected with the service pipe of any dwelling house upon the same premises after receiving a permit from the Township Engineer.
[Ord. #1350 § 8]
A stop cock shall be placed in the building as near the entrance of service as convenient so that the water can be readily shut off in case of accident to the inside pipe.
[Ord. #1350 § 9]
No stand pipe connection for mason or for other use shall be allowed to be placed at curb. No person paying for water at the flat rate shall attach to, alter or extend any pipe or make any alteration in any other fixture, or do any work calculated or designed to increase the facilities, for obtaining or using water, without first submitting plans and explanation of same, or obtaining a permit from the Township Engineer. The engineer shall determine whether such alterations or attachments shall be permitted, and shall fix the rate to apply thereto.
[Ord. #1350 § 10]
All connections for which others are substituted, or the use of which shall be permanently discontinued, shall be shut off at the corporation cock at the water main. When repairs for leakage have been made by plumbers upon any premises the plumbers shall, in every instance, turn off the water at the curb and leave the same turned off unless the premises connected therewith are occupied.
[Ord. #1350 § 11]
Plumbers are required in all cases where the water has been shut off from any premises because of arrears of water rents or because of leaks, to leave the same shut off unless the water rent is paid and any leaks remedied.
[Ord. #1350 § 12]
In addition to all specified rules herein made owners of property desiring any unusual attachment or alterations of the same, shall first submit plans and explanations of the same to the Township Engineer, and the engineer shall thereupon determine whether such alterations or attachments will be permitted and will fix the rates to apply thereto.
[Ord. #1350 § 13]
All repairs of, or substitution of meter shall be at the expense of the owner.
[Ord. #1350 § 14; Ord. No. 3161]
Wherever any stoppage or irregularity of any water meter is discovered, it is the duty of the owner and occupant as soon as the same comes to the attention of either to notify in writing the Town Engineer and the Township Department of Revenue and Finance and request that same be repaired immediately. The penalty for violating this subsection by the owner and/or occupant shall be one or more of the following:
Imprisonment in the County Jail for any term not exceeding 10 days, or by a fine not exceeding $500, or by a period of community service not exceeding 30 days.
Notwithstanding the foregoing, upon written notification to the owner and/or occupant from the Township of Belleville, continuing non-compliance with this subsection 10-1.13 shall result in an assessment of $100 per billing cycle and/or discontinuation of service until payment is made. The foregoing penalties shall apply in addition to any other penalties or service charges authorized by Chapter 10 of the Revised General Ordinances of the Township of Belleville.
[Ord. #1350 § 15]
Plumbers, owners and all other persons excepting those under the direction of the Township Engineer or Director of Revenue and Finance are expressly forbidden to remove, change or interfere with any water meter for any purpose whatsoever, except when permitted to do so by the engineer or director.
[Ord. #1350 § 16]
If the meter is found to register incorrectly the charge shall be the prevailing flat charge established by the Township Council to be effective from the date of the last reading of the meter to the date of the installation of the meter after repair. Where the established rates are not applicable, charges shall be fixed by the Township Council.
[Ord. #1350 § 17]
The Township shall endeavor to give reasonable notice when water is to be turned off for repairs or in case of accident. The Township shall not be liable for any damages whatsoever which may result from the shutting off of water from any premises, without first giving notice to the owner or occupant thereof, nor shall it hold itself responsible for any shortage of water supply.
[Ord. #1350 § 18; Ord. No. 3161]
Any officer, inspector, foreman or other person duly authorized by the Township Engineer or Director of Revenue and Finance shall, upon the presentation of the proper badge and credentials, have free access at all reasonable hours to any premises supplied with Township water, for the purpose of making any inspection thereof, including the examination of the entire water supply and plumbing system, upon the premises. No person shall refuse to permit the authorized inspectors and employees of the Township to enter upon any premises for any such purpose. In case any authorized employee is refused admittance to any premises, or being admitted shall be hindered or prevented in making such examination, the Township may turn off the water from the premises, after giving 24 hours' notice to the owner or occupier of the premises.
The following charges and penalties shall apply when there are more than three estimates in any one calendar year: Imprisonment in the County Jail for any term not exceeding 10 days, or by a fine not exceeding $500, or by a period of community service not exceeding 30 days.
Notwithstanding the foregoing, upon written notification to the owner and/or occupant from the Township of Belleville, continuing non-compliance with this subsection 10-1.17 shall result in an assessment of $100 per billing cycle and/or discontinuation of service until payment is made. The foregoing penalties shall apply in addition to any other penalties or service charges authorized by Chapter 10 of the Revised General Ordinances of the Township of Belleville.
[Ord. #1350 § 19]
Every licensed plumber is required to send a report on a blank furnished for the purpose to the Township Engineer and Director of Revenue and Finance on the first day of each month, such report to contain a full statement of all the work done in the previous month, in connection with the water supply. If no extensions, additions or alterations have been made the report shall so state. The license of any plumber whose report fails to reach the engineer or Director of Revenue and Finance within 10 days from the first of the month, will be subject to suspension or fine at the discretion of the Township Council.
[Ord. #1350 § 20]
The rates for supplying water to private consumers shall be established by ordinance of the Township Council which may be subject to change if found insufficient to pay the entire expense of furnishing a supply of water for public and private use and to meet the demands for the payments of interest on water bonds and for sinking fund for the bonds, or if found in excess of such needs.
[Ord. #580; Ord. #174U § 1; Ord. #1550 A21; Ord. #2086 § 1; Ord. #2995; Ord. No. 3188; Ord. No. 3422]
All water rents shall be payable at the office of the Director of Revenue and Finance, quarterly. All water rents and charges for metered water shall be paid within 30 days after they become due and payable.
If not paid, interest from the expiration of the 30 days, at the rate of 8% per year on the first $1,500 of delinquency and 18% per annum on the balance will be added to and collected with such charges and the water may be turned off from the premises against such charges stand. When water is shut off by the Department of Public Works, due to non-payment of water rents, and the valve becomes broken, due to the aging water pipe system and needs to be replaced by the Township of Belleville, a fee of $600 will be imposed to cover the cost of replacing the water valve. The water will not be turned on again until all charges have been paid, together with the further sum of $50 for turning off or on the water.
[Ord. #1350 § 23]
All unpaid water rents and water charges shall be liens against the several properties to which water is supplied and the properties of the several owners may be sold for the satisfaction thereof as hereinafter provided or as may be provided by the laws of the State of New Jersey.
[Ord. #1350 § 24]
Property owners shall be held responsible for the observance of all rules and regulations of this section, and all violations thereof by tenants upon the several premises of such owners, shall be published as if acts of violation had been done and performed by the owners themselves, but this rule shall in no wise effect the personal liability of any tenant, or any other person for his own act.
[Ord. #1350 § 25]
The Township shall endeavor to render bills for water or other water service but the non-receipt of a bill covering such charges will be no excuse for failure to pay or delay in paying the same.
[Ord. #1350 § 26]
When more than one family occupying the same premises is supplied from the main service pipe in every instance, the entire charges for water furnished on the premises shall be collected from the owner. In case of nonpayment the entire supply shall be turned off at the curb at the direction of the Director of Revenue and Finance.
The Township Engineer shall furnish the Director of Revenue and Finance with a written notice when water is turned off or on from any premises except where water is turned off by authorized agent of the Department of Revenue and Finance.
[Ord. #1350 § 27; Ord. #174U § 3]
Where water has been turned off for any cause the facts shall be recorded upon the books of the appropriate department in its office and all charges shall cease from that date until the same be turned on. Where water is recorded as turned off and is found turned on, the department shall charge for the use of water from the date when it was recorded as shut off and shall collect in addition thereto any arrears outstanding against the property and all such fines as may be levied and in default of immediate payment of the same shut off such supply at the main and charged against the property as lien together with the costs of labor or shutting off and turning on the water.
No allowance shall be made for vacancy of premises unless the owner gives notice to the water department to turn the water off when the premises are vacated, and an order to turn the water on when premises are to be occupied, subject to a charge of $1 for each of such services.
[Ord. #1350 § 28]
Where water rents or bills are in arrears for 30 days after rendering a bill for the same, the water shall be shut off without notice.
[Ord. #1350 § 29]
All water rents and charges of whatsoever nature in connection with the water service shall be payable to the Director of Revenue and Finance.
[Ord. #1847 § 1]
Meters may be tested at the intervals stated below or at any time it may be deemed necessary to do so by the water department and the reasonable cost of such test and of repairs or replacements necessary to insure proper functioning of the meter shall be paid by the consumer.
Meter Sizes
Years Between
5/8 inch
10
3/4 inch
8
1 inch
6
1/2 inch
4
2 inch
4
3 inch
3
4 inch
2
6 inch and larger
1
[Ord. #329 § 1]
No building shall be occupied until the proper water meters have been installed therein, and the plumbing and meters have been finally inspected and approved by the Township.
[Ord. #1510 § 1]
If any water meter is deemed by the department in charge of water meter reading to be inaccessible and to add unnecessary expense to the routine reading of the meter, the owner of the premises on which the inaccessible meter is located shall remedy the situation by installing proper equipment or additions or otherwise to the aforesaid meter so that readings will compare to all other routine meter readings in the Township. The owner of any premises on which an inaccessible meter shall be located shall be given 60 days' notice to remedy the situation. If the owner does not remedy the situation within 60 days, then the Township may install proper additions in order to make the meter accessible and the expense of the installation shall be added to the next water bill issued after completion of the work in connection with the water consumed by the former inaccessible meter.
[Ord. #138K § 1; Ord. #1350 §§ 31 — 38]
a. 
In addition to the penalty of having the water shut off from any premises where violations of this section has occurred, no person, excepting an authorized employee of the Township Engineer or Department of Revenue and Finance, or one having a permit issued by the Township Engineer shall tap or connect with any water main, or insert a stop cock or corporation cock therein.
b. 
No person shall make any connection whereby water is furnished through a single tap from one building to another without the written consent of the engineer. All stores shall have taps and separate meters, even though they are on the same lot but separated by a partition wall.
c. 
No person shall interfere with or remove any water meter for any purpose whatsoever without a written consent of the Director of Revenue and Finance.
d. 
No person shall attach to, alter or extend any service pipe, or make any alterations in any corporation cock or curb cock or to do other work for the purpose of increasing the facilities for obtaining water, or turn on or off the stop cock at the main or curb unless he is a regularly appointed employee under the direction of the Township Engineer, or unless he has permission of the Township Engineer.
e. 
No person, other than firemen, or duly authorized employees of the Township or such contractor having a contract with the Township in the discharge of their duty, shall open or in any other manner, interfere with any fire hydrants, or shall injure the same. Any person who does same shall be liable for the cost of the necessary repairs resulting from such acts.
f. 
No person shall supply Township water to persons not entitled thereto, whether by furnishing the same from one house to another, or by turning the water onto any building from which it has been shut off by the Township.
g. 
No person shall turn water off or on at the curb except as herein provided.
h. 
Any plumber who shall violate the rules and regulations as hereby established shall be liable in all cases to revocation of his license, and any additional penalties as provided by law.
[Ord. #1151, § 1; Ord. #1901, § 1; Ord. #1350, § 39; Ord. #1263, § 3; Ord. #2069, § 1; Ord. #2160, §§ I, II; Ord. #2613; Ord. #2861; Ord. #3126; Ord. No. 3149; Ord. No. 3266; Ord. No. 3411]
The following shall be the rates established for water service in the Township:
a. 
For Metered Service.
1. 
Minimum rate not exceeding 500 cubic feet shall be $24.50 per quarter.
2. 
Rate thereafter - shall be $39.20 per 1,000 cubic feet, per quarter.
3. 
Cost of Living Adjustment. Beginning on January 1, 2011, and annually thereafter, the municipal tax collector shall adjust the water rate not to exceed the cost of living adjustment. This shall be based on the Implicit Price Deflator for the State and Local Governments for New Jersey published by the U.S. Department of Commerce, Bureau of Economic Analysis.
4. 
The Department of Finance reserves the right to establish an appropriate billing schedule for all accounts.
b. 
Fire Lines - Annual Charges shall be as follows:
Size
Metered
Unmetered
0-2 inches
$100
$150
4 inches
$125
$175
6 inches
$150
$200
8 inches
$200
$250
Charges for yard hydrants on unmetered fire lines shall be $30 per year.
[Ord. #1446]
[Ord. #1446 § 1]
Whenever the City of Newark declares an emergency exists in connection with water being supplied by the City of Newark to the Township, the Township Mayor may, for the protection of the health, safety and general welfare of the citizens and residents of the Township, proclaim the existence of a water emergency and prescribe regulations to:
a. 
Prohibit the use of water from the Township supply for any purpose not necessary to the health, safety and welfare of the public;
b. 
Allocate and prorate the available water supplies:
c. 
Reduce consumption by users;
d. 
Prevent waste for the period of duration of such emergency.
[Ord. #1446 § 2]
The proclamation of the emergency shall be conclusive thereof and upon all persons and users upon the filing of the proclamation in the office of the Township Clerk and the publication thereof in any newspaper published and circulated in the Township.
[Ord. #1446 § 3]
The regulations set forth in the proclamation, and any subsequent regulations made and published as aforesaid, upon filing thereof in the Township Clerk's office shall become part hereof, the same as if specifically incorporated and set forth herein.
[Ord. #1446 § 4]
Every owner, lessee, tenant and occupant of any building or premises connected with the Township water supply, and every user thereof shall, upon the proclamation and promulgation of the regulations as aforesaid, become bound thereby and shall conform thereto and comply therewith in the use of water and the maintenance of the water service connections and equipment for the purposes thereof.
[Ord. #1446 §§ 5, 6]
Every owner of buildings and premises connected with the Township water supply shall maintain the water service pipes, fixtures and connections, in good order and repair, whereof there shall be no waste of water. Every owner of any building or premises connected with the water supply shall make or cause to be made necessary repairs to prevent the waste of water.
[Ord. #1446 § 7]
Every occupant of any building or premises connected with the Township water supply shall immediately notify the owner, or his agent, of any defective water service pipes, fixtures or connections whereby water is being wasted.
[Ord. #1446 § 8]
Every occupant of any building or premises shall notify the Township water division or Police Department of any waste occurring by reason of defective water service pipes, fixtures or connections.
[Ord. #1446 § 9]
Every occupant or other person in charge of any building or premises connected with the Township water supply shall admit thereto the authorized agents and employees of the Township for the purpose of inspecting the water service pipes, fixtures and connections.
[Ord. #1446 § 10]
Every owner and water user shall, during the period of a water emergency, be upon notice of any waste of water due to defective water service pipes, fixtures or connections, and of the regulations promulgated under the proclamation, and it shall be the duty of the owner to forthwith make or cause to be made repairs necessary to prevent such waste.
[Ord. #1446 § 11]
All users of water from the Township water supply by and under any contract, ordinance or statute are bound by the provisions hereof and of the regulations promulgated under any proclamation.
[Ord. #1446 §§ 12]
Whenever an owner fails or refuses to make repairs so as to prevent the waste of water, then the Township reserves the right to make such repairs and to charge the cost thereof to the owner in the same manner as other water charges are made, as by the statutes and ordinances provided.
[Ord. #105m; Ord. #598; Ord. #1209; Ord. #1712; Ord. #2892; Ord. #3005; Ord. #3063]
[Ord. #105m § 1]
All public sewers and drains shall be constructed and made under the instruction and supervision of the Township surveyor; all repairs to the sewers and drains, and all connections made therewith, shall be under the general supervision of the superintendent of construction and shall be made in compliance with this section and of the Township health code and shall be approved by the Board of Health.
[Ord. #105m § 2]
The manner of piercing or opening into any of the public sewers or drains, and the form, size and material of which connections therewith shall be composed, shall be prescribed by the superintendent of construction under the direction of the Board of Health.
[Ord. #105m § 3]
No connection shall be made with any sewer or drain without the written permission of the superintendent of construction and if any connection or opening shall be made into any sewer or drain without such permission or in a manner different from the mode prescribed for such opening by the superintendent of construction, the person making the same and the owner or occupant of the premises directing it to be made, shall be in violation of this section.
[Ord. #105m § 3; Ord. #598 § 1; Ord. #1209 § 1]
No house sewer nor any portion thereof shall be repaired, replaced, removed, nor stoppage therein removed, nor interfered with in any way, without securing a permit thereof in the manner hereinafter set forth, for which a fee of $2 shall be charged.
[Ord. #105m § 4]
Applications for permits shall be made on blank forms furnished by the tax collector and each application made and permit granted shall be for the connection of one house or premises with the sewer, and only one connection shall be made for each permit granted.
[Ord. #105m § 5]
Every application shall be made to the tax collector and shall be accompanied by the proper fee; shall be signed by the owner of the building or by his authorized agent; shall state the name and address of the owner and applicant, described the building sufficiently to identify the same, and specify, as nearly as possible, by ground plan or otherwise, the exact point in the wall of the building where it is desired that the connection with the sewer shall be made; and no permit shall be granted by the superintendent of construction except upon presentation to him of the application aforesaid with the tax collector's receipt for the payment of the proper fee duly endorsed thereon.
[Ord. #105m § 6]
The superintendent of construction shall consider the applications filed with the tax collector as nearly as possible in the order in which they are received; may return, suspend action on, or reject any application, for correction in form or substance, or for any other reason satisfactory to him, and shall grant permits in proper cases. The agents and employees of the Township shall have the right to enter the building and premises mentioned in any application whenever necessary to examine the same or to do any work thereon.
[Ord. #105m § 7; Ord. #3063]
a. 
At the time of application, applicants for permit for sewer service in the Township shall pay a connection fee in the amount of $562 per equivalent dwelling unit.
b. 
The applicant shall also reimburse the Township for all expenses involved in installing the sewer service to the curbline. These expenses shall include, but not be limited to, time and materials involved with the excavation work and the furnishing, finishing and installation of the service line from the sewer main to the curbline.
[Ord. #105m § 8]
The superintendent of construction may for satisfactory cause revoke a permit on return of the fee or of an equitable part thereof.
[Ord. #105m § 9]
All openings into any sewers or drains for the purpose of making connections therewith from any dwelling house, cellar, vault, yard or other premises, shall be made by persons to be licensed by the Board of Health to perform such work and the persons, before being so licensed, shall execute a bond to the Township in the penal sum of $500 with sufficient sureties, conditioned that they will carefully make the openings into any sewers or drains in the manner prescribed by the superintendent of construction without injuring them, that they will leave no obstructions of any description whatever in them and properly close up the sewer or drain around the connection made by them, and make no opening into the arch of any sewer or drain; that they will faithfully comply with Chapters 11 of this revision, be responsible for any damages or injuries that may occur to persons, animals or property by reason of any neglect or carelessness on their part connected with the work, and that they will properly refill and ram the earth and suitably restore the pavement taken up for excavation, and repave the same should it settle or become out of order within six months thereafter, and in case any person so licensed shall neglect to repair the pavement aforesaid within 24 hours after being notified, the superintendent of construction may cause the same to be done and charge the expense thereof to the person so neglecting.
[Ord. #105m § 10]
No permit shall be granted to connect any cesspool, privy or privy vault with a public sewer.
[Ord. #105m § 11]
No rain water, leader or pipe for the drainage of any cellar, or for the conveyance of stormwater or surface water shall be connected directly or indirectly with a sewer. Nor shall any refrigerator, except by special permission of the superintendent of construction be connected therewith.
[Ord. #1712 § 1]
No owner, occupant, tenant or lessee of any dwelling houses, stores or other business buildings or any industrial buildings within the Township, having permission to connect with any public sewer in the Township, shall permit any substance to flow into any sewer, drain or receiving basin which shall form a deposit that tends to fill the sewer, drain or receiving basin; nor, shall any person discharge into any sewer, drain or receiving basin, any substance which will cause a blockage to the sewer, drain or receiving basin or in any way be injurious to the same.
[Ord. #105m § 13]
No butchers' offal or garbage, dead animals or obstructions of any kind whatever shall be placed, thrown or deposited in any receiving basin or sewer, and any person so causing any such obstruction to be placed so as to be carried into such receiving basin or sewer, shall be in violation of this section. No person shall injure, break or remove any portion of any receiving basin, covering, flag, manhole, vent, or any part of any sewer or drain, or who shall obstruct the mouth of any sewer or drain, or obstruct the flow of water in any sewer, drain or water course in the Township shall forfeit and pay $25 for each and every such offense.
[Ord. #105m § 14]
No owner or occupant of any manufactory, brewery or any other building in which steam is used shall be permitted to discharge, exhaust from steam engines, directly into any public sewer or drain, also to discharge them into any public highway.
[Ord. #105m § 15]
If it appears that a building not provided with a ventilating apparatus, as required by the health code, is connected with a public sewer, or that any privy, privy vault, or cesspool is connected with a public sewer, or that any building or premises are connected with a public sewer without a permit or in violation of this section or in any manner different from that authorized by a permit, or contrary to the direction of the superintendent of construction, it shall be the duty of the superintendent to cause the connection to be cut off. Upon compliance by the owner with the provisions of this section, and the payment of the sum of $5, the superintendent of construction shall restore such connection.
[Ord. #105m § 16]
The house sewer, from a point two feet outside of the house to the street sewer shall be of the first quality, salt glazed, vitrified earthenware pipe, unless laid less than three feet deep, when it shall be of heavy cast or wrought iron, interior diameter to be not less than four inches. Exit pipes to all fixtures except water closets shall be furnished with suitable permanently attached strainers.
[Ord. #105m § 17]
Before any drain is laid between any sewer and any ground, building, erection or place of business, the bottom of the trench after the same is graded, shall be carefully rammed in such manner as to prevent unequal settling after the drain is laid, as the trench is refilled, the earth shall be rammed as to be as nearly as possible of its original compactness, tunneling in digging the trench is prohibited. The pipe shall be laid on an even grade of not less than 1/4 inch to the foot unless by special permission of the superintendent of construction, in which case provision shall be made for regular and efficient flushing. Curved pipes shall be used for every deflection from a straight line of more than six inches in two feet. The joints of the earthenware pipe shall be made with pure cement of first quality; the joints of the iron pipe shall be of oakum and lead if cast iron is used, or screwed joints with white lead if wrought iron is used. The end of all private sewers not immediately connected with the plumbing fixtures shall be securely closed by water tight imperishable material. If lead pipe, the end shall be soldered; if wrought iron pipe, a plug shall be screwed in the end, if cast iron pipe, a cast iron plug shall be calked in with the lead.
[Ord. #105m § 18]
No larger drain pipe than of six inch bore shall be laid from any building to connect with a main sewer or drain unless special permission in writing is given by the Township Council. Under no circumstances shall it be permitted to pierce a hole in a pipe sewer. The connection with a main sewer or drain shall be made with a slant of Y pipe, and a bend of curved pipe immediately at the slant. Any violation of these rules will entail the forfeiture of the license of the party carrying out this work.
[Ord. #105m § 19]
The superintendent of construction shall have power to stop and prevent from discharging into the sewer system any private sewer or drain through which substances are discharged, which are liable to injure the sewers or obstruct the flow of the sewage.
[Ord. #105m § 20]
Before any old private drains or sewers are connected with the sewer system, the owner of the private drain or sewer shall prove to the satisfaction of the superintendent of construction, that it is clean and conforms in every respect to the rules and regulations adopted by the Township.
[Ord. #2892; Ord. #3005]
a. 
Residential, Industrial, Commercial, Tax Abated and Tax Exempt Users. All residential, industrial, commercial, tax abated and tax-exempt users of public wastewater facilities shall be billed for such use pursuant to this section and section b. For purposes of this ordinance, such users shall be defined as all users identified as such by the regional sewer authority pursuant to the regulations of the United States Environmental Protection Agency, 35.929-1(b)(4).
1. 
Quarterly, each such user shall be billed for its share of the operating and maintenance costs borne by the regional sewer authority in the treatment of wastewater. These billings shall be based on a method of calculation approved by the United States Environmental Protection Agency which shall at a minimum reflect the volume of waste and the strength of that waste as measured by the parameters of Biochemical Oxygen Demand (BOD) and Suspended Solids (SS) per unit volume. Calculations of the amount to be billed shall be done by the regional sewer authority, who shall present the bills to the Township of Belleville for distribution and collection of payments. Bills payable pursuant to this subsection shall be presented to the affected users on February 15th, May 15th, August 15th and November 15th of each year, or as soon as is practicable thereafter. Such bills shall be due and payable upon presentation.
b. 
All users of public wastewater facilities shall be billed as follows:
1. 
All such users shall also be billed periodically, by volume water used, for all other costs associated with the collection, transmission and treatment of wastewater in accordance with the applicable schedule of rates, which is incorporated herein and attached hereto as Exhibit A.
2. 
Any such property owner may install metering equipment on his premises to measure the actual flow of sewage into public wastewater facilities. The responsibility for the purchase, installation and proper functioning of any such meter shall be that of the property owner. All such meters shall be subject to the approval of the Township Engineer and shall be maintained in a continuous state of accurate operation by the property owner. The local sewer charge for the property owners who elect direct actual metering shall be billed by the Township of Belleville in accordance with the Exhibit A which may be found at the end of this subsection.
3. 
Property owners who are subject to the terms of this section and who obtain water, either in whole or in part from sources other than the Township of Belleville, shall provide, and maintain at their own expenses, water or sewage meters which shall register the total discharge of sewage to the municipal wastewater facility. All such installations shall be subject to the approval of the Township Engineer and shall be maintained by the property owner in a continuous state of accurate operation. The local sewer user charged for these properties shall be billed according to the rate schedule set forth in Exhibit A1 which is attached hereto.
4. 
In the event that a property owner who is subject to the terms of this section shall prove to the satisfaction of the Township Engineer that there is no substantial relation between the intake of water at the property, regardless of its source, and the output of sewage from the property, and if it be determined by the Township Engineer that it is not practicable to measure sewage emanating from the property by meters, then the property owner may elect to pay a user charge based upon engineering studies supported by substantial evidence. All such studies must be approved by the Township Engineer and shall be subject to his periodic review.
5. 
In no event shall any property owner who is subject to the terms of this section pay a local sewer user charge in an amount less than that set forth in the rate schedule which is attached hereto as Exhibit A and can be found at the end of this subsection.
c. 
Any amount paid in excess of the amount billed in accordance with the rate schedule attached hereto as Exhibit A which can be found at the end of this subsection, shall be credited to the individual user's account.
d. 
Any credit or deficit received by the Township of Belleville from the Regional Wastewater Authorities (Passaic Valley Sewerage Commissioners and Second River Joint Meeting) shall be allocated among all sewer users in such a manner that the sewer users' rates are adjusted in an amount proportionate to the credit or deficit.
e. 
Any prior ordinance or part thereof which is inconsistent with this ordinance is hereby repealed.
f. 
This subsection shall be deemed effective as of July 1, 2001.
g. 
Delinquency of Sewer Payment. There shall be amended to include the penalties of 8% on the first $1,500 of sewer delinquency and 18% on the remaining delinquent amount not paid after the 30 days when due and payable. There shall be a penalty of water service interruption where such charges have occurred.
Exhibit A
Sewer Rates:
Direct Bill Customer Rate: $5 per 1,000 cubic feet
Non-Direct Bill Customer $15 per 1,000 cubic feet
[Ord. #1965; Ord. #1973]
[Ord. #1965 § 1]
As used in this section.
a. 
FLOATABLE OIL - Shall mean oil, fat or grease in a physical state such that it will separate by gravity from wastewater by treatment in an approved pretreatment facility. A wastewater shall be considered free of floatable fat if it is properly pretreated and the wastewater does not interfere with the collection system.
b. 
INDUSTRIAL WASTES - Shall mean the wastewater from industrial processes, trade, or business as distinct from domestic or sanitary wastes.
c. 
INDUSTRIAL COST RECOVERY - Shall mean a charge to industrial users based on its use of PVSC facilities to repay the capital cost outlay of the Federal Share given PVSC under the provisions of applicable Federal law allocable to the treatment of the wastes from the industrial user.
d. 
INDUSTRIAL USER - Shall mean any nongovernmental user of PVSC facilities identified in the Standard Industrial Classification Manual 1972 as amended and supplemented under Divisions A, B, D, E, or I. A user may be excluded if it is determined that it introduces primarily segregated sanitary wastes.
e. 
INDUSTRIAL WASTE - Shall mean the liquid waste from an industrial process, as distinct from sanitary waste. All wastes, except stormwaters and sanitary wastes.
f. 
MAJOR INDUSTRY - Shall mean an industrial user of PVSC facilities that:
1. 
Has a flow of 50,000 gallons or more per average work day;
2. 
Has in its waste, a toxic pollutant in toxic amounts;
3. 
Is found by USEPA, NJDEP or PVSC to have significant impact, either singly or in combination with other contributing industries. In the PVSC treatment works or upon the quality of the effluent from the PVSC treatment works.
g. 
NATURAL OUTLET - Shall mean an outlet, including storm sewers and combined sewer overflows, into a watercourse, pond, ditch, lake or other body of surface of groundwater including the Passaic River or any of its tributaries.
h. 
NJDEP - Shall mean the New Jersey Department of Environmental Protection.
i. 
NPDES - Shall mean the National Pollution Discharge Elimination System.
j. 
PERSON - Shall mean any individual, firm, company, society, association, corporation (public or private) or group.
k. 
pH - Shall mean the reciprocal of the logarithm of the hydrogen ion concentration. The concentration is the weight of hydrogen ions, in grams, per liter of solution. Neutral-water has a pH value of 7 (a hydrogen concentration of 10-7). Lower pH's are acid, higher pH's are alkaline.
l. 
PRETREATMENT - Shall mean treatment given to industrial waste, prior to its discharge, directly or indirectly, to the PVSC facilities, by the industry, in order to remove illegal and/or undesirable constituents or to reduce the strength of the waste.
m. 
PVSC - Shall mean Passaic Valley Sewerage Commissioners.
n. 
PUBLIC SEWER- Shall mean a common sewer controlled by a governmental agency, public utility or the municipality.
o. 
SANITARY SEWER - Shall mean a sewer that carried liquid and water-carried wastes from residence, commercial buildings, industrial plants, and institutions together with minor quantities of ground, storm and surface waters that are not admitted intentionally.
p. 
SANITARY WASTE - Shall mean waste derived principally from dwellings, office buildings, and sanitary conveniences. When segregated from industrial wastes, may come from industrial plants or commercial enterprises.
q. 
SEWAGE - Is the spent water of a community. The preferred term is wastewater.
r. 
SEWER - Shall mean a pipe or conduit that carries waste water or drainage water.
s. 
SLUG - Shall mean any discharge of water or wastewater which in concentration of any given constituent or in quantity of flow exceeds for any period of duration longer than 15 minutes more than five times the average twenty-four hour concentration, or flows during normal operation.
t. 
STORM DRAIN (SOMETIMES CALLED STORM SEWER) - Shall mean a drain or sewer for conveying water, groundwater, subsurface water or unpolluted water from any source.
u. 
STRENGTH OF WASTE - Shall mean a measurement of suspended solids and/or Biochemical Oxygen Demand and/or Chemical Oxygen Demand, and/or any other parameter determined by PVSC as a fair indictor of the relative use, other than volumetric, of PVSC facilities by industrial wastes.
v. 
SUSPENDED SOLIDS - Shall mean total suspended matter that either floats on the surface of, or is suspended in, water, wastewater, or other liquids and that is removable by laboratory filtering as prescribed in "Standard Methods for the Examination of Water and Wastewater" and referred to as nonfilterable residue.
w. 
TOXIC WASTES IN TOXIC AMOUNTS - Shall be defined by USEPA in 40 CFR 129 (38 F.R. 24342, 9-7-73) and any superceding revisions.
x. 
USEPA - Shall mean the United States Environmental Protection Agency.
y. 
UNPOLLUTED WATER - Is water of quality equal to or better than the effluent criteria in effect or water that would not cause violation of receiving water quality standards and would not be benefited by discharge to the sanitary sewers and wastewater treatment facilities provided.
z. 
USER CHARGE - Shall mean a charge to users consisting of two parts. The first part established by PVSC based on volume and, where applicable, on strength and/or flow rate to pay for the use of the PVSC facilities. The second part established by the municipality to pay for the use of the local sewer system and to pay for administrative of the billing and collection of the funds.
aa. 
WASTEWATER - Shall mean the spent water of a community. From the standpoint of source, it may be a combination of the liquid and water-carried wastes from residences, commercial buildings, industrial plants, and institutions, together with any groundwater, surface water, and stormwater that may be present.
bb. 
WASTEWATER FACILITIES - Shall mean the structures, equipment, and processes required to collect, carry away, and treat domestic and industrial wastes and dispose of the effluent.
cc. 
WASTEWATER TREATMENT WORK - Shall mean the PVSC facilities.
[Ord. #1965 § 2]
It shall be unlawful to discharge into any natural outlet within the municipality any wastewater or other polluted waters, except where suitable treatment has been provided and where a National Pollution Discharge Elimination System permit has been obtained from the appropriate governmental authority, where required.
[Ord. #1965 § 3]
No unauthorized person shall uncover, make any connections with or opening into, use, alter or disturb, any public sewer or appurtenance thereof without first obtaining a permit from the appropriate municipal official.
[Ord. #1973 § 4]
Application for sanitary connections for dwellings, groups of dwellings or industrial or commercial establishments with only sanitary waste, shall be made directly to the municipality. A fee shall be paid to the municipality to process the application as otherwise provided by ordinance of the municipality. The Township Council of the municipality shall designate some suitable person to maintain a record of the number of sanitary applications and connections that are added and removed from the system and shall make an annual report to the Passaic Valley Sewerage Commissioners no later than February 1 of each year. When a direct connection to a PVSC sewer is requested by the applicant, the request shall first be endorsed with the approval of the Township Council of the municipality and then submitted to the PVSC for their action.
[Ord. #1973 § 5]
Each existing industrial user which is presently connected directly or indirectly to the wastewater facilities of the municipality shall make application for a permit no later than June 1, 1977 whether the connection be for industrial waste or stormwater. Applications for future connections must be made and approved before a certificate of occupancy may be issued. The application shall be made to the municipality by the industry that generates the waste, however, the application must be signed by the owner of the property whereon the industry is located. After approval of the application by the municipality, the application shall be forwarded to PVSC for classification and issuance of the permit by PVSC.
Any existing industrial user which proposes to make any change in its facility or its processing, which significantly affects the quality or the quantity of its discharge into the system shall submit to the municipality an industrial sewer water revision application showing the contemplated changes. Any new tenant or occupant of an existing industrial user shall submit an industrial sewer waste revision application. The application, if approved by the municipality, shall be sent to the PVSC, accompanied by the written approval of the municipality. Existing industrial users that have applied for permits may continue their discharge until their application has been processed by PVSC, except for any discharges which constitute prohibited waste as otherwise provided in the within ordinance or unless notified by PVSC to cease and desist their discharge. No Certificate of Occupancy shall be issued for an industrial use until an industrial permit has been issued by PVSC and no person shall occupy any building or structure for the purpose of a new industrial use until an industrial permit has been issued by the PVSC.
[Ord. #1965 § 6]
Industrial users shall be classified by the PVSC as follows:
Category I.
Class 1-A permit shall not be issued to an industry defined as a major industry and when issued shall allow the industry to discharge with no modification or pretreatment of flow.
Class 1-B permit is one issued to an industry classified as a major industry. This permit shall allow the industry to discharge with no modifications or pretreatment of flow, however, PVSC may require the installation of monitoring equipment.
Category 2.
Class II-A permit shall allow an industry to discharge pretreated wastes in accordance with standards established in the permit.
Class II-B permit shall allow an industry to continue to discharge subject to change of characteristics of its waste by pretreatment or other means in accordance with a schedule as established by the PVSC in the permit.
Category 3.
The permit is denied and the discharge of prohibited material must be halted or modified by a date established by the PVSC and in accordance with conditions contained in the permit denial.
[Ord. #1965 § 7]
The PVSC classification of an application is subject to change by the PVSC upon written notification from PVSC to the applicant by certified mail. Any change shall be accompanied by a detailed explanation of the reason for the change.
[Ord. #1965 § 8]
Any industry aggrieved by a permit classification by the PVSC shall have a right to appeal to the PVSC. Such an administrative appeal shall be taken within 30 days of notification by PVSC to the industry of its decision. The notice of appeal shall be delivered personally to the offices of PVSC at 600 Wilson Avenue, Newark, New Jersey or shall be sent by certified mail, return receipt requested. The taking of an appeal shall not stay the provisions of a class III denial. During the time of appeal, however, the class II permits shall be stayed, however, the staying shall not release any industry from meeting any requirements of any schedule set by the New Jersey Department of Environmental Protection or the United States Environmental Protection Agency.
[Ord. #1965 § 9]
Upon the filing of an appeal the PVSC shall set the date and time for a hearing before the commissioners, The applicant shall have the right to present evidence, shall have the right to be represented by counsel and shall have the right of cross examination. Upon the conclusion of the hearing, the commissioners shall make findings of fact and conclusions.
[Ord. #1965 § 10]
All applications for industrial permits shall be submitted on forms to be supplied by the PVSC and shall comply with the instructions on said form.
[Ord. #1965 § 11]
All costs and expenses incidental to the installation and connection of the building sewer shall be borne by the applicant, and the applicant shall indemnify the municipality or PVSC from any loss or damage that may be occasioned by the installation of the building sewer. All sewer connections shall be in accordance with the requirements of the municipality as otherwise provided by ordinance. In the case of the connection into PVSC sewer the connection shall be in accordance with the conditions contained in the approval of the PVSC.
[Ord. #1965 § 12]
No person shall make connection on roof downspouts, foundation drains, areaway drains, or other sources of surface runoff or groundwater to a building sewer or drain, which in turn is connected directly or indirectly to a public sanitary sewer unless approved by the municipality for purpose of disposal of polluted surface drainage.
[Ord. #1965 § 13]
In addition to the application for the permit as hereinabove provided, each industrial user must complete an industrial survey form which will be supplied by PVSC and, from time to time, shall update the form when required by the PVSC.
[Ord. #1965 § 14]
Whenever an industry is classified as a major industry, it shall install an approved, sealed, automatic monitoring system if required by PVSC.
[Ord. #1965 § 15]
No uncontaminated water shall be discharged into the PVSC system except with the prior written consent of the municipality and PVSC. (There will be two separate provisions, one for municipalities with separate systems and one for municipalities with combined systems).
[Ord. #1965 § 16]
When pretreatment standards are adopted by the United States Environmental Protection Agency for any given class of industries, then any industry within that class must conform to the United States Environmental Protection Agency timetable for adherence to the pretreatment requirements as well as all other applicable requirements promulgated by the United States Environmental Protection Agency in accordance with the provisions of the law. Additionally, such industries shall comply with such more stringent standards necessitated by local conditions as determined from time to time by the PVSC.
[Ord. #1965 § 17]
All industrial users shall provide immediate access to its facilities at any time during normal working hours or at any other time that there is a discharge into the PVSC system or into any waters under the jurisdiction of the PVSC. Access shall be for the purpose of checking the quality of the discharge, taking samples and making tests of the discharge or for the purpose of permitting enforcement of the within ordinance. The access shall be made available to the employees of PVSC, New Jersey Department of Environmental Protection, United States Environmental Protection Agency and/or the municipality. All users shall provide access to property and premises for inspection for the purpose of determining if there is any violation of the terms or provisions of the within section.
[Ord. #1965 § 18]
The following wastes are prohibited and may never be discharged into water facilities of the municipality and PVSC.
a. 
Wastes that may create a fire or explosion hazard in the sewer or wastewater facility, such as gasoline, fuel oil, cleaning solvents, etc.
b. 
Wastes that may impair or cause to impair the hydraulic capacity of the sewer system, such as ashes, sand, metal, precipitates, etc.
c. 
Wastes that may create a hazard to people, the sewer system, the treatment process, or the receiving water, such as dangerous levels of toxic materials.
d. 
Wastes at a flow rate which is excessive over a relatively short time period so that there is a treatment process upset and substantial loss of treatment efficiency.
e. 
Wastes below a pH of five unless the line is designed to accommodate such waste.
f. 
Any discharge of radioactive wastes or isotopes of such half-life or concentration as may exceed limits established by PVSC in compliance with applicable State or Federal regulations.
[Ord. #1965 § 19]
The following wastes may be discharged without special permission from the PVSC, upon a determination by the PVSC that the discharge would not be detrimental to the system:
a. 
Any discharge in excess of 150° F. (65°X).
b. 
Any discharge containing more than 100mg/l of mineral oil or grease.
c. 
Any discharge containing floatable oil or grease.
d. 
Any discharge of heavy metals, or any other toxic materials in toxic amounts, which amounts are to be established by PVSC.
e. 
Any discharge quantities of flow or concentration which shall constitute a "slug."
f. 
Wastes with pH outside the limits of 5.0 to 9.0.
[Ord. #1965 § 20]
Each major industrial user shall construct or otherwise have available a sampling point for sampling waste water before it enters the municipal sewer system. Other industrial users may be required to construct such sampling point, if ordered so to do by the municipality or PVSC.
[Ord. #1965 § 21]
No discharge into the wastewater facilities of PVSC shall be permitted from any source which causes physical damage, interferes with the treatment process, or results in a violation of effluent limitations or other conditions contained in the National Pollution Discharge Elimination System Permit to discharge issued to the PVSC by the United States Environmental Agency.
[Ord. #1965 § 22]
When required by the municipality, USEPA, NJDEP or the PVSC, the owner of any property serviced by a building sewer carrying industrial wastes shall install a suitable structure together with such necessary meters and other appurtenances to the building sewer to facilitate observation, sampling and measurement of the wastes. Such structure, when required, shall be accessibly and safely located and shall be constructed in accordance with plans approved by the governmental agency requiring it. The structure shall be installed by the applicant at his expense and shall be maintained by him so as to be safe and accessible at all times.
[Ord. #1965 § 23]
All persons subject to the within ordinance shall be required to provide information to the municipality and PVSC as needed to determine compliance with this section. These requirements may include:
a. 
Wastewaters discharge peak rate and volume over a specified time period.
b. 
Chemical analysis of wastewaters.
c. 
Information on raw materials, processes, and products affecting wastewater volume and quality.
d. 
Quantity and disposition of specific liquid, sludge, oil solvent or other materials important to sewer use control.
e. 
A plot plan of sewers of the user's property showing sewer and pretreatment facility location.
f. 
Details of wastewater pretreatment facilities.
g. 
Details of systems to prevent and control the losses of materials through spills to the municipal sewer.
[Ord. #1965 § 24]
All measurements, tests, and analyses of the characteristics of waters and wastes to which reference is made in this section shall be determined in accordance with the latest edition of "Standard Methods for the Examination of Water and Wastewater," published by the American Public Health Association, or other method or procedure as may be approved by the PVSC. Sampling methods, location, times, durations, and frequencies are to be determined on an individual basis subject to the approval of the municipality and/or PVSC.
[Ord. #1965 § 25]
All users shall be required to comply with the requirement of user charges regulations and industrial costs recovery system regulations to be adopted by the PVSC in accordance with the requirements of USEPA. The effective date for the implement of user costs regulations and industrial costs recovery system regulations shall be established by resolution of the PVSC. The effective date shall be certified by the PVSC and the written certification shall be filed in the office of the Township Clerk.
[Ord. #1965 § 26]
No person shall intentionally, break, damage, destroy, uncover, deface or tamper with any structure, appurtenance or equipment which is part of the waste water facilities.
[Ord. #1965 § 27]
The Township Council shall appoint or designate some suitable person to administer the within section.
[Ord. #1965 § 28]
All users of the wastewater facilities shall comply with the requirements of the written rules and regulations of the PVSC which have been adopted and which shall have been adopted, which regulations shall become effective upon filing of certified copies in the office of the Township Clerk after the effective dates of the within section.
[Ord. #1965 § 29]
Violations of any of the provisions of the within section or any permit issued under the authority of the within section may result in the termination of the permit and/or the termination of the authority to discharge into the system.
[Ord. #1965 § 30]
Any person violating any of the provisions of the within ordinance shall, upon conviction, be subject to the penalty as stated in Section 3-24.