Editor's Note: See Chapter 4 for regulations of placement of newsracks on sidewalks.
[Ord. #312; Ord. #325; Ord. #1212; Ord. #1375]
[Ord. #1212; Ord. #1375 § 1]
No person shall open a public street in the Township without first applying for a permit to do so and depositing with the Township a sum of money in accordance with paragraph "g" below.
Application shall be made to the Department of Public Works and shall state the location and purpose for which the street opening is required.
The applicant shall provide sufficient light and warning signs for any excavation so made, and shall properly backfill the same as specified by the Department of Public Works.
No excavation shall be left open for a period of longer than one day and no openings shall be left open over a weekend or a holiday, except in an emergency approved by the Township Engineer.
The Township, after backfilling, shall repave the excavation with pavement suitable for the road and shall deduct the cost, as set forth in paragraph "g", from the deposit.
Public Utilities Companies who do their own repair work shall be excluded from posting a deposit but they shall apply for permits for any street openings and repairs to road surfaces and shall be strictly in accordance with regulations of the Department of Public Works. When any such public utility company applies for a permit for an opening of more than 25 square yards, the director of the Department of Public Works may, in his discretion, require the employment of a Township inspector on such work. The company shall be required, if ordered, to post a sufficient deposit to cover the cost of the inspection as one of the conditions to granting the permit.
[Ord. #325 § 1]
No person shall encumber or obstruct any street, highway, public lane or alley, public wharf, dock or slip or other public place, in the Township by placing thereon any building material or any article or thing whatsoever, without obtaining written permission from the Township building inspector, which permit shall at all times be kept conspicuously posted by the obstruction. Any permission granted hereunder may be revoked at any time by the building inspector of the Township, and in no case shall the granting of any such permit attach any liability whatsoever to the Township.
The building inspector is hereby authorized to issue such permit upon payment to him of a fee of $1 and a deposit of $10 for 50 feet of street frontage or less, and $15 additional for all frontage in excess of 50 feet, the width of street to be used being limited in accordance with traffic conditions and in no case more than one third of such width.
The building inspector is hereby authorized and directed, upon being satisfied that such encumbrance or obstruction so authorized has been removed and the street or public place, wherein it was, restored to its former condition, to return the deposit to the person who received the permit.
[Ord. #312 §§ 1, 2]
No thoroughfare laid out in the Township shall be less than 50 feet in width. A "thoroughfare" shall mean any street whether public or private, upon which there may be, or upon which it is intended, to erect buildings for rent or for sale, for dwellings or for business.
[Ord. #100H; Ord. #101N; Ord. #1444; Ord. #1208; Ord. #3023]
[Ord. #1444 § 1; Ord. #1208 §§ 1 — 4]
No person shall erect any dwelling, business or industrial structure on a lot fronting on a public street in the Township without constructing in front of the property on which the building is located, curbs and sidewalks; and in the event that a person owns both sides of a street, pavement.
Before applying for a building permit each applicant governed by this subsection shall obtain from the Township Engineer lines and grades. All sidewalks, curbs and road improvements made shall conform to the line and grade so established by the Township Engineer.
In the event that the entire building project by any owner consists of a single building on a single lot fronting on a street where no sidewalk or curbing exists along the same side of the two street intersections, then the project shall be exempt and excluded from any of the requirements of this subsection.
All curbs, sidewalks and pavements constructed in accordance with this subsection shall be performed in accordance with the specifications governing that type of work heretofore or hereafter approved by the Township.
No Certificate of Occupancy for any building shall be granted by the building inspector unless the construction of curbs, sidewalks and pavement are completed and approved as to location, grade, materials and workmanship after inspection thereof by the Township Engineer. Exceptions may be granted by the Township Council to this provision.
[Ord. #100H; Ord. #3023]
All owners or occupants of any parcel of land fronting on any improved street in the Township are required to keep the sidewalks, curbs, and gutters in front of such land in good repair; and, if in any case after 30 days' notice by the construction code official such repairs are not done by such owner or occupant, the Township Manager may, in his discretion, have such repairs performed and completed and the expense thereof, with interests and costs shall be assessed as a tax on such lot and shall be a lien thereon as other taxes are collected. Notwithstanding the foregoing, nothing herein shall require the Township, the construction code official, or any other representative or employee to make such inspection, provide notice to any owner or occupant, or cause any repairs to be made. Any notices set forth herein may be given in writing via first-class mail to the owner or occupants last known post office address.
All new sidewalks and curbs and the repairing of old sidewalks and curbs within the Township shall be governed by the following specifications for cement sidewalks.
Grading. The entire width of the sidewalk shall be regulated and graded in accordance with the grade as furnished by the Township Engineer. The sidewalk shall have a slope of one-half inch to one foot from the curbline to the line of the street. There shall be excavated a trench for bed for cement walk of such width as the plan shall indicate, and one foot in depth below the finished grade of the sidewalk.
Foundation. Foundation for sidewalks shall be composed of good clean factory cinders, filled in such quantity that will measure a depth of eight inches at all points after the same has been thoroughly rammed and consolidated.
Concrete. Concrete to a depth of three inches shall be spread upon the foundation course and thoroughly rammed. Concrete shall be composed of one part best Portland Cement of either of the following brands: "Atlas", "Alpha", "Edison", "Lehigh" or "Vulcanite" 2 1/2 parts of good sharp sand and four parts of 1 1/2 inch broken trap rock, all to be thoroughly dry mixed before the water is added.
Top Finish. Top finish is to be composed of one part best Portland cement to two parts of crushed granite and shall be spread to a uniform thickness of one inch upon concrete course. The same shall be thoroughly dry mixed and applied to concrete course before the same has set, and trowelled down to a smooth, even surface. Cut and form flags four feet in length, cutting entirely through at each section shall provide for expansion.
Granolithic Cement Curb. Granolithic cement curb shall be 20 inches in depth, six inches in width at bottom, and five inches in width at top, with batter side adjacent to roadway. There shall be excavated a trench to a depth of 20 inches below the finished curb grade, and the bottom of trench shall be thoroughly rammed. There shall then be set up a form of two-inch plank faced properly, battered on face side of curb, and plumb on back, braced so there shall be no deflection in line.
Concrete. Concrete shall be composed of one part best Portland cement, two parts of good, sharp sand and four parts of one and one-half inch broken trap rock thoroughly dry mixed before water is added, and filled in the trench to a depth of 12 inches. This concrete shall be filled in layers of not more than four inches at one time, and each layer shall be thoroughly rammed. Eight inches below finished grade a facing composed of two parts best Portland cement to three parts of crushed granite shall be placed on face side of curb to a thickness of one inch backed with concrete as above specified. The top of curb shall be faced same as side with back edge rounded off sufficiently to take off wire edge. Furnish and bed in face edge of curb a galvanized steel "Wainwright" protection bar. After the concrete has set take down plank on face edge and trowel surface to a smooth finish. This is to be done the same day that the finish is put in position. Form lengths of curb not longer than 10 feet, cutting through with sand points shall provide for expansion.
Blue Stone Flag Sidewalk. Flagstone shall be equal in quality to best North River Blue Stone. No stone shall contain less than eight square feet. The stone shall be four feet in width and not less than two inches in thickness. The surface is to be smooth and level and shall be laid close jointed and both sides cut and trimmed to a straight line. The stone shall be laid on a bed of sand not less than three inches in depth. No two stones containing eight square feet shall be laid together, but shall be divided proportionately among the larger stone.
Blue Stone Curb. Curbstone shall be equal to the best North River Blue Stone. No stone is to be less than four feet in length, four inches in thickness and 16 inches in width throughout. To be cut, prepared and set in the following manner, vis: The stone shall be cut smooth on the top, and eight inches down on the face. The top shall be uniform thickness of four inches and cut to a bevel of one inch. The curb to be close jointed from top to bottom, and set with a slant of five inches, and the front shall be set true to line and grade.
Corners. Corners shall be of same quality as above specified for curb stone, cut jointed and set in the same manner. Each corner shall contain three stones, each stone to be three feet in length. Where directed, corners shall be cut on such radius as the Township Engineer may direct.
Bridge Stone. Bridge Stone for cross walks shall be equal in quality to best North River Blue Stone. The same shall be two feet in width, not less than five feet in length, and five inches in thickness and to be laid in a bed of clean sharp sand not less than five inches in depth. The sides and ends of the stone shall be squared and close jointed and laid true to line and grade.
Cobble Paving. Stone for cobble paving shall be of best selected hard water, or bank paving cobble and shall be laid in rows two feet in width on either side of the bridge stone and in a single row eight inches in width between the same. Cobble is to be laid in a bed of sand not less than five inches in depth and thoroughly rammed with a heavy rammer to a firm unyielding surface. The joints shall be filled with clean, sharp sand.
General Conditions. All work under and by this specification shall be done in a good and workmanlike manner and to the satisfaction and approval of the Township Council and Township Engineer.
Removal of Sidewalks. Sidewalks and curbs constructed contrary to the foregoing specifications, may by a majority vote of the Township Council, be removed, relaid or reconstructed in whole or in part, and the expense thereof assessed against the owner of the property abutting on such street or portion of street where same is constructed.
Change of Sidewalk Grade. Whenever any owner of property abutting on a street or portion of a street, shall desire the Township Engineer to furnish the grade of any sidewalk as provided for in this subsection, the proper charges for same shall be tendered to the engineer when application for such grade is made.
[Ord. #1211 § 1]
No map, plan or plat for the subdivision of land within the Township which provides for, or shows delineated thereon any street or highway, shall be approved for filing in the office of the Clerk of Essex County unless the same conforms to the following requirements:
Major streets and thoroughfares shall be not less than 50 feet in width, but where they form continuations of existing major streets or thoroughfares, their widths shall be the same as those of which they form continuations.
No two streets shall intersect at an angle of less than 30° nor more than 150° except with the special consent of the Township Council, based on the approval and recommendation of the Township Engineer.
All streets shall connect with existing streets with the minimum of jogs and angles, and no street or thoroughfare shall have an overall right of way width of less than 40 feet; three-fifths of which shall be the width of the finished pavement and distance between face of curbs, and one-fifth on each side for sidewalk and planting strip.
At street intersections, property line corners shall be rounded by an arc, the minimum radius of which shall be 10 feet.
Street curb intersections shall be rounded by a curve, the minimum radius of which shall be 20 feet.
Dead-end streets are specifically prohibited except in such cases where the topography of the land leaves no other alternative; in which event dead-end streets shall not be more than 300 feet in length, and shall terminate in a circular right of way with a minimum diameter of 80 feet and a paved turning circular with a minimum diameter of 60 feet.
Streets shall not be shown which require ingress and egress over lands of adjoining owners unless proper written easement or other written agreements showing consent by such adjoining owners are presented for filing in the Township Clerk's office.
Reserved strips shall not be retained between any proposed street and the lands of an adjacent owner.
Location of monuments shall be shown on any map presented for approval. Monuments shall be of concrete, blue stone, granite or marble and shall be accurately set as least three feet in depth and established at the intersection of all outside boundary lines of the premises shown on the map or plot, at the intersection of all such boundary lines with all street lines, at diagonally opposite corners of each street intersection, at the beginning and end of all curves, at points on curves where the radius of curvature changes, and at such other points as are necessary to establish definitely all lines of the map or plat (except those outlining individual lots).
No name applied to any street indicated on the map or plat shall duplicate or so nearly resemble the name of an existing street within the Township so as to cause confusion. In the case of a direct extension of an existing street the same name shall be used unless otherwise approved by the Township Council.
The dimensions of each lot designated on any map or plat shall conform to the requirements established by the zoning ordinance of the Township.
Any map presented for approval shall show thereon a uniform set-back line, between which and the line of the street no part of any structure shall be erected.
[Ord. #1211 § 2]
Every map, plat or plan presented to the Township Council for its approval shall be in form as follows, and shall contain or be accompanied by the following data:
The map, plat or plan shall be drawn accurately to scale. The minimum scale shall be 50 feet to the inch.
The title of the map, plat or plan shall include the name or designation of the development or subdivision, an accurate indication of its location with respect to existing properties or street intersections, the scale of the plan, the date of its preparation, the name of the owner of the mapped premises, an appropriate place for its certification, and the name and address of the engineer or surveyor who prepared the same.
All maps, plats or plans shall bear the official seal of a licensed engineer or land surveyor.
All maps, plats or plans shall have designated thereon the direction of the Magnetic North,
All measurements and dimensions of lots shown on any map, plat or plan shall be legibly inscribed thereon; also all lengths of outside boundaries of tracts, distances along streets, and other essential measurements, to the hundredths of a foot. All bearings shall be similarly indicated, to within 10 seconds.
Any municipal limits or boundaries crossing any map, plan or plat shall be accurately located thereon, and the names of the municipalities legibly indicated.
Street lines and their names, bearings, angles of intersections, and widths, established or proposed building lines, all roadway distances between curbs, paved sidewalks or proposed locations thereof, and planting strip widths shall be clearly designated. Normally sidewalks shall be not more than 12 inches from the property line.
The lengths of all arcs, radii and tangents of any curved street lines or curved corner intersections must be shown to the nearest hundredths of a foot, and the central angle, to the nearest 10 seconds.
All easements, or rights of way where provided for, proposed or owned by public utilities, and the limits of the easements rights, shall be definitely stated or shown.
All lots shall be numbers, and the lines thereof indicated with accurate dimensions in feet to the hundredths part thereof, and all bearings within 10 seconds. All layouts shall show lot and block numbers and street numbers as assigned by the department of revenue and finance.
The accurate location of all existing and proposed monuments shall be shown, and the material of which same are composed shall be noted.
All property shown on any map, plat or plan which is to be dedicated as public property in the tract shall be accurately outlined and described thereon.
The location and boundaries of all property reserved for the use of all property owners shall be shown, and the use for which the same is being reserved shall be noted on the map.
All water courses, drainage ditches, rights of way, location of existing pipe lines, sewers, water mains and other known or recorded matters of note or importance shall be indicated.
Such additional maps, plans, statements and information as in the opinion of the Township Council are necessary, pertinent or useful to a complete understanding and just determination of the matter, may be required to be presented or filed.
[Ord. #1211 § 3]
An original tracing of every map, plot or plan for which approval is sought shall be presented on transparent linen tracing cloth, with all delineations made thereon in black waterproof drawing ink. Three duplicate copies or lithoprints thereof, on linen or other suitable cloth, shall be presented with said original, two of which shall be filed in the Township Engineer's office.
[Ord. #1211 § 4]
Maps, plans and plats approved by the Township for filing with the Clerk of Essex County, or in the office of the Township Clerk or Township Engineer, or the inspection in the Township of any road improvement or public utility, does not obligate the Township to accept any street shown thereon as a public or Township street, or work an acceptance of such improvement or utility or obligate the Township to be responsible for the upkeep or maintenance of the same. Such acceptance will be subject to the complete fulfillment of the minimum standards and requirements as herein specified.
[Ord. #1211 § 5]
All of the foregoing and succeeding principles, standards and requirements shall likewise apply to applications for the acceptance of streets.
[Ord. #1211 § 6]
No water or sewer connections with existing Township installations shall be permitted unless complete construction plans, profiles, and specifications are submitted to and approved by the Township Council and the improvement constructed in strict accordance with the plans and specifications.
[Ord. #1211 § 7]
Before acceptance of any dedication of any street, title thereto shall be examined and approved by the Township attorney, at the expense of the applicant and a reasonable deposit for that purpose and incidental expenses shall be made upon request. Any formal offer of dedication shall include means of ingress to and egress from existing public streets; easements for sewers and drains involved or affected by the proposed acceptance, and all matters which in the opinion of the Township Attorney shall be advisable. All written easements or rights of way shall be furnished by the owner or developer.
[Ord. #1211 § 8]
Road pavement minimum standard shall be 5 1/2 inches thick modified penetration macadam base course with one-half inch type "A" or "T" surface course constructed in accordance with New Jersey Department of Transportation standard specifications, or as the Township may adopt. Any other pavement which in the opinion of the Township Engineer exceeds the minimum standard shall be permitted.
[Ord. #1211 § 9]
French or stone underdrains shall be installed where necessary or directed. Mainline storm drain shall be constructed of reinforced concrete pipe or double strength vitrified tile.
[Ord. #1211 § 10]
Concrete sidewalk shall be constructed of Class "B" concrete five inches in thickness.
[Ord. #1211 § 11]
Permanent curbs of Class "B" concrete 6" x 8" x 20" shall be installed on all streets for which acceptance is desired.
[Ord. #1211 § 12, 13]
No street grade shall be less than 1/2 of 1%, nor greater than 8%, except in special instances where the topography of the land to be subdivided is such as to make it impossible to otherwise develop such land. The grade of each street shall be established; and the grade, together with satisfactory means for the disposition of stormwater drainage shall be approved by the Township Council.
[Ord. #1211 § 14]
Complete plans, specifications, cross sections and profiles along the center line of each street, together with a description and location datum shall be submitted to the Township Council for approval. Contour lines for the whole tract shall be provided when requested by the Township Council.
[Ord. #1211 § 15]
Provisions for sanitary sewers shall be made, when required, and shown on a separate plan. Sanitary sewers shall be constructed of vitrified tile pipe in accordance with Department of Public Works specifications. All mainline sewers shall have a minimum grade of six inches in 100 feet. All laterals shall be laid with a minimum pitch of one-half inch in one foot.
[Ord. #1211 § 15]
Where any premises adjoin a stream or river or have a stream or river passing through its limits, topographical maps showing the drainage area limits shall be filed in addition to any layout of the stream. Plans of the stream or river shall be submitted showing proposed depths, widths and encroachment lines.
The stream may be enclosed in reinforced concrete culvert or pipe of sufficient capacity to fulfill the runoff requirements of the drainage area of the district.
If stream or river cannot be enclosed or where course of stream or river is to be changed, altered or affected, then the channel as constructed shall be at least 40 feet in width, with walls of concrete to the height of ground of slope adjacent thereto. The walls shall have a concrete base so that the channel course is contained within permanent walls; and the river bottom shall be of concrete.
If, in the opinion of the Township Engineering Department, the force of the stream or river does not necessitate construction of concrete walls and concrete base by reason of the lack of forceful flow at all times, then in lieu of the concreting an open channel method may be substituted, provided, no slope adjacent to such stream or streams or river shall be graded steeper than 11 feet to one foot slope. All slopes shall be riprapped in accordance with certain standard specifications of the New Jersey Department of Transportation.
Notwithstanding anything set forth above, in addition thereto, approval where necessary shall be obtained from the Division of Water Policy and Supply of the State of New Jersey by anyone in connection with any construction proposed which is regulated by this subsection and other pertinent parts of this section.
Notice of filing plans in accordance with this subsection shall be given in writing to all persons who own property along that part of any stream, river or rivers through which the current or flow of water shall affect, alter or change the aforesaid adjoining lands. Such notice shall be served personally if the aforesaid property owners are Township residents or by registered or certified mail if the property owners are located outside the Township limits.
Proof of giving such notice shall be in the form of affidavits of service, together with affidavits of mailing and return receipts filed with the building department.
[Ord. #1211 § 16]
All construction on, in and under streets, which it is proposed to dedicate to the Township, shall be subject to the supervision of the Township Engineer or the Township Council, and shall be in accordance with these and such specifications and standards as the Township Council may adopt. No such project shall be constructed or proceeded with except under inspection of a duly authorized inspector on behalf of the Township to supervise such part of the work as the Township Engineer may deem necessary to insure the faithful performance of the requirements of the plans and specifications, at the expense, however, of the applicant, the rate of compensation of such inspector to be determined by the Township Council.
[Ord. #1211 § 17]
If during the course of construction, any monument is disturbed, damaged, covered by fill or shall have the earth removed from around it, the monument shall be replaced or reset by a licensed surveyor or engineer as directed by the Township Engineer.
[Ord. #1211 § 18]
Upon completion of the work a utility map shall be submitted to the Township Council showing all house connections for sewers, drains, water mains, fire hydrants, gas mains and conduits accurately located.
[Ord. #1211 § 19]
Upon completion of the work and before final acceptance, a maintenance bond for a period of one year from the date of acceptance, in the amount of 15% of the total cost of the project, shall be posted with the Township by the owner of the lands abutting on the street for which acceptance is requested. The bond to be executed in favor of the Township. The bond shall be in a form satisfactory to the Township attorney and any legal expense arising in connection with the bond shall be paid by the obligor of the bond.
[Ord. #1211 § 20]
Any of the standards, requirements and regulations set forth in this section may be waived, modified or dispensed with by the Township Council if, at any time extenuating circumstances may exist which, in the opinion of the Township Council may appear to justify the same, or if the public interest may be better served thereby. However, any such waiver, modification or dispensation shall be entirely a prerogative of the Township Council, to be exercised by it in its sound discretion, and shall not be available to any applicant seeking approval of any map, plan or plat, or the acceptance of any street, utility or improvement, as a matter or right.