Borough of Cresskill, NJ
Bergen County
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Table of Contents
Table of Contents
[Adopted 1-1-1981 by Ord. No. 80-23-780 as Ch. 121, Art. I, of the 1981 Code]
For the purposes of this article, the following words and phrases shall have the meanings respectively ascribed to them by this section:
BOD (denoting "biochemical oxygen demand")
The quantity of oxygen utilized in the biochemical oxidation of organic matter under standard laboratory procedure in five days at 20º C., expressed in parts per million by weight.
Solid wastes from the preparation, cooking and dispensing of food and from the handling, storage and sale of produce.
That part of the sewage system extending from the house plumbing system to the house sewer lateral.
That part of the sewerage system that runs from the sewer main to the curbline and includes all necessary fittings.
The liquid wastes from industrial processes as distinct from sanitary sewage.
The sewers laid longitudinally along the center line or other part of the streets or other rights-of-way, and which all owners of abutting properties have equal rights and which is controlled by public authority.
Any outlet into a watercourse, pond, ditch, lake or other body or surface or ground water.
The logarithm to the base 10 of the reciprocal of the weight of hydrogen ions in grams per liter of solution.
A person licensed and authorized to inspect plumbing pursuant to the provisions of N.J.S.A. 26:1A-38 to 1A-43 and 26:3-20.
[Amended 10-2-2002 by Ord. No. 02-12-1254]
The sanitary and storm drainage facilities, together with their venting systems and plumbing fixtures, the public or private water supply systems and the fire protection systems within or adjacent to any building, structure or conveyance to a point of connection to a public or private sewerage system, public or private water supply or other acceptable terminal.
The wastes from the preparation, cooking and dispensing of food that have been shredded to such degree that all particles will be carried freely under the flow conditions normally prevailing in public sewers, with no particle greater 1/2 inch in any dimension.
A sewer in which all owners of abutting properties have equal rights and is controlled by public authority.
That domestic sewage, with storm- and surface water excluded, such as sewage discharging from the sanitary conveniences of dwellings, including apartment houses and hotels; office and commercial buildings; and factories and institutions.
A sewer which carries sewage.
Any liquid wastes containing animal, chemical or vegetable matter in suspension or solution.
Any arrangement of devices and structures used for treating sewage.
All facilities for collecting, pumping and disposing of sewage.
A pipe or conduit for carrying sewage.
The Sewer Inspector of the Borough or his authorized deputy, agent or representative.
A sewer which carries storm- and surface waters and drainage but excludes sewage and polluted industrial wastes.
Solids that either float on the surface of or are in suspension in water sewage or other liquids and which are removable by laboratory filtering.
A channel in which a flow of water occurs either continuously or intermittently.
It shall be unlawful for any person to place, deposit or permit to be deposited in an unsanitary manner upon public or private property within the Borough or in any area under the jurisdiction of the Borough any human or animal excrement, garbage, industrial waste or other objectionable waste.
It shall be unlawful to discharge to any natural outlet within the Borough or in any area under the jurisdiction of the Borough any sanitary sewage, industrial wastes or other polluted waters, except where suitable treatment has been provided in accordance with subsequent provisions of this article.
No person shall discharge or cause to be discharged any stormwater, surface water, roof runoff or subsurface drainage to any sanitary sewer.
Except as hereinafter provided, no person shall discharge or cause to be discharged any of the following described waters or wastes to any public sewer:
Any liquid or vapor having a temperature higher than 150º F.
Any water or waste which may contain more than 100 parts per million, by weight, of fat, oil or grease.
Any gasoline, benzene, naphtha, fuel oil or other flammable or explosive liquid, solid or gas.
Any garbage that has not been properly shredded.
Any ashes, cinders, sand, mud, straw, shavings, metal, glass, rags, feathers, tar, plastics, wood, paunch manure or any other solid or viscous substance capable of causing obstruction to the flow in sewers or other interference with the proper operation of the sewage works.
Any waters or wastes having a pH lower than 5.5 or higher than 9.0 or having any other corrosive property capable of causing damage or hazard to structures, equipment and personnel of the sewage works.
Any waters or wastes containing a toxic or poisonous substance in sufficient quantity to injure or interfere with any sewage treatment process, constitute a hazard to humans or animals or create any hazard in the receiving waters of the sewage treatment plant.
Any waters or wastes containing suspended solids of such character and quantity that unusual attention or expense is required to handle such matters at the sewage treatment plant.
Any noxious or malodorous gas or substances capable of creating a public nuisance.
In the administration of this article, the connections from the curb or street line onto private property shall be supervised and administered by the Board of Health, and all matters relating to sewers lying within the street, from curb to curb or from public sewer to curb, shall be within the jurisdiction of the Public Works Department and the Sewer Inspector of the Borough.
[Amended 2-20-1990 by Ord. No. 90-1-1024]
The owner of record of each building lot adjoining all new sewer lines, adjoining dry sewer lines about to be connected to operative sewer lines or to be made operative or adjoining existing sewer lines where subdivision approvals have been granted and new buildings are erected shall pay his proportionate share, as determined by the Mayor and Council, of trunk sewer line and sewer system charges prior to the issuance of a sewer connection permit by the Board of Health.
Maintenance of the public sewer shall be performed by the Sewer Department or Department of Public Works.
The owner of all houses, buildings or properties used for human occupancy, employment, recreation or other purpose situated within the Borough and abutting on any street, alley or right-of-way in which there is now located or may in the future be located a public or sanitary sewer system of the Borough shall, at his expense, install suitable toilet facilities therein and connect such facilities directly with the proper public sewer, in accordance with the provisions of this article and of the requirements of the Board of Health of the Borough, within 180 days after the date of official notice requiring such action. In addition, owners of property with buildings thereon in the rear of other properties and not abutting on a street, alley or right-of-way shall connect into the public sewer in the street, alley or right-of-way to which such property shall have access. As public sewers become available to property served by a private sewage disposal system, a direct connection shall be made to the public sewer pursuant to the terms of this section, and any septic tanks, cesspools and similar private sewage facilities shall be abandoned and filled with suitable material.
No unauthorized person shall uncover, make any connections with or opening into, use, alter or disturb any public sewer. The Sewer Department shall make all alterations and repairs upon the public sewer.
Except for single-family residential properties currently connected to the Cresskill sewer system and up to seven single-family residential units to be constructed on property currently owned by Alpine Three, L.L.C., same being Lots 6.01, 6.02 and 6.03 in Block 43, in Alpine, no property outside the Borough shall be permitted to connect into the Cresskill public sewer without approval of the Cresskill governing body and receipt of written connection plan approval from the Cresskill Engineer and Department of Public Works Supervisor, together with such additional approvals as are required by law. Approval by the governing body may be refused, except in the case of a development outside the Borough that substantially and directly serves important regional and environmental interests, proven by the applicant by clear and convincing evidence to the satisfaction of the governing body and if approved, then only on such terms and conditions as are deemed appropriate by the governing body.
[Added 2-16-2005 by Ord. No. 05-02-1289]
Where there is no house sewer lateral available, the property owner, at his own expense, shall install a house sewer lateral and connect same with the main sewer. Prior to connecting with the main sewer, notice must be given to the Superintendent of the Department of Public Works, who shall arrange for a representative of the Sewer Department or the Department of Public Works to supervise or install the connection to the main sewer. The property owner shall pay an inspection charge in such an amount, of not less than $30 and not more than $80, as shall be determined from time to time by the Superintendent of Public Works.
If, in effecting a connection with the public sewer, it shall have been necessary to damage the surface of any road, the property owner shall restore the road to the satisfaction of the Superintendent of Public Works or pay to the Borough the costs of restoring such road.
[Amended 3-2-2016 by Ord. No. 16-02-1481]
The owner or occupant of premises in the Borough shall be responsible for the proper maintenance and repair of all house sewer connections between the dwelling and the main sewer line.
In the event of a stoppage in the sanitary sewer line, the owner or occupant shall immediately notify the Superintendent of Public Works, who shall make an inspection of the main sewer line. If the main sewer line is obstructed, it shall be the responsibility of the Borough to cause the obstruction to be removed. If the main sewer line is not obstructed, the Superintendent shall, immediately following this inspection, notify the owner that it is his responsibility to remove the obstruction in the lateral, spur, or house connection between the dwelling and the main sewer line.
In the event a blockage or malfunction occurring between the house and the main sewer line requires excavation and repair of the sewer line, it shall be the responsibility of the property owner or occupant to pay for the cost of restoring such sewer line. These costs shall include the opening and restoration of the street if necessary.
All costs and expense incident to the installation and connection of the house connection shall be borne by the owner. The owner shall indemnify the Borough from any loss or damage that may directly or indirectly be occasioned by the installation of the house connection.
Before any portion of the existing plumbing system outside of the house is connected to the house connection, the owner shall prove to the satisfaction of the Plumbing Inspector that it is clean and conforms in every respect to the ordinances of the Board of Health, and before any portion of the house connection is connected to the sewer extension, the Plumbing Inspector shall be satisfied that the house connection is in good order and conforms in every respect to the requirements for construction thereof.
When installing the house connection, the trenches shall be dug in a careful manner and properly sheathed where required. The excavated materials shall be piled in a compact heap and so placed as to cause the least possible inconvenience to the public. Proper barricades and lights shall be maintained around the trench to guard against accidents. Extreme care shall be taken to prevent any dirt, stones or other undesirable material from entering the public sewer system through the house sewer lateral during these operations.
In backfilling, the material for the two feet immediately over the pipe shall be selected so it contains no stones. All backfill material for the trench shall be placed by tamping in eight-inch layers so as to avoid any settlement. When the trench has been filled to the proper height, the surface material shall be replaced and heavily tamped and rolled.
Where the trench is excavated in rock, the rock shall be carefully excavated to a depth of six inches below the grade line of the sewer and the trench brought to the proper elevation with gravel or other material satisfactory to the Plumbing Inspector. The remainder of the trench shall be backfilled with suitable material.
Nothing in this section shall be construed as abrogating any of the existing requirements of the Borough relating to the excavation and backfilling of trenches, but the requirements herein contained shall be in addition thereto.
Where subsoil conditions are bad, such special precaution shall be taken to secure a watertight job as may be directed by the Plumbing Inspector. In quicksand, all pipes shall be laid out on planking two inches thick by at least six inches wide.
Where connection is made between the portion of the house plumbing system outside of the building and the house connection, a long radius bend shall appropriately be installed at this connection, along with a cleanout as required by the Plumbing Code. This connection shall be subject to the approval of the Plumbing Inspector, who shall be given ample notice prior to such work.
Grease, oil and sand interceptors shall be provided when, in the opinion of the Sewer Inspector, they are necessary for the proper handling of liquid wastes containing grease in excessive amounts or any flammable wastes, sand and other harmful ingredients, except that such interceptors shall not be required for private living quarters or dwelling units. All interceptors shall be of a type and capacity approved by the Sewer Inspector and shall be located as to be readily and easily accessible for cleaning and inspection.
Grease and oil interceptors shall be constructed of impervious materials capable of withstanding abrupt and extreme changes in temperature. They shall be of substantial construction, watertight and equipped with easily removable covers which, when bolted in place, shall be gastight and watertight.
Where installed, all grease, oil and sand interceptors shall be maintained by the owner, at his expense, in continuously efficient operation at all times.
The Plumbing Inspector may apply any appropriate test to the pipes, and the plumber and contractor, at his own expense, shall furnish all necessary tools, labor, materials and assistants for such tests and shall remove or repair any defective materials when so ordered by the Inspector.
All measurements, tests and analyses of the characteristics of waters and wastes to which reference is made in §§ 210-5 and 210-21 shall be determined in accordance with the latest edition of Standard Methods for the Examination of Water and Sewage, published by the American Public Health Association, and shall be determined at the control manhole provided for in § 210-23 or upon suitable samples taken at the control manhole. In the event that no special manhole has been required, the control manhole shall be considered to be the nearest downstream manhole in the public sewer to the point at which the building sewer is connected.
The admission into the public sewers of any waters or wastes having five-day biochemical oxygen demand greater than 300 parts per million, by weight, or containing more than 350 parts per million, by weight, of suspended solids or containing any quantity of substances having the characteristics described in § 210-5 or having an average daily flow greater than 2% of the average daily sewage flow of the Borough shall be subject to the review and approval of the Sewer Inspector. Where necessary in the opinion of the Sewer Inspector, the owner shall provide, at his expense, such preliminary treatment as may be necessary to reduce the biochemical oxygen demand to 300 parts per million and the suspended solids to 350 parts per million, by weight, or reduce objectionable characteristics or constituents to within the maximum limits provided for in § 210-5 or control the quantities and rates of discharge of such waters or wastes. Plans, specifications and any other pertinent information relating to proposed preliminary treatment facilities shall be submitted for the approval of the Sewer Inspector, Plumbing Inspector and of the Department of Health of the state, and no construction of such facilities shall be commenced until the approvals are obtained in writing.
Where preliminary treatment facilities are provided for any waters or wastes, they shall be maintained continuously in satisfactory and effective operation by the owner at his expense.
When required by the Plumbing Inspector, the owner of any property served by a house connection or building sewer carrying industrial wastes shall install a suitable control manhole in the building sewer to facilitate observation, sampling and measurement of the wastes. Such manhole, when required, shall be accessibly and safely located and shall be constructed in accordance with plans approved by the Plumbing Inspector. The manhole shall be installed by the owner at his expense and shall be maintained by him so as to be safe and accessible at all times.
As of January 1, 1972, the sewer system of the Borough shall cease to be operated as a municipal utility. From and after such date, no fees, rents or charges shall be charged to local taxpayers for services rendered by the sewer system. Any delinquent rates, rents, fees or charges for such sewer utility shall be paid to the municipality and shall be accounted for in accordance with the rules made and provided therefor.
The cost of maintaining and operating the sewer system of the Borough and the payment of debt service, as well as any amounts due on account of assessments made for such system, shall be due to the municipality, and the amount necessary to pay maintenance and operation of the sewer system and the amount to pay principal of and interest on any obligations issued for sewer purposes shall be raised by budget appropriation in the budget commencing in the year 1972. The principal of and interest on any assessments paid shall be applied to the trust account for the payment of assessments.
The Sewer Inspector, Plumbing Inspector and other duly authorized employees of the Borough bearing proper credentials and identification shall be permitted to enter upon all properties for the purposes of inspection, observation, measurement, sampling and testing in accordance with the provisions of this article.
The Sewer Inspector and Plumbing Inspector may waive strict compliance with the provisions of this article where such compliance would cause great hardship, other than increased financial expense, to the property owner involved.
Each contractor or other person performing work on public property for the purposes of installing house connections shall post a bond or cash acceptable to the Department of Public Works or the Sewer Inspector. All work shall be adequately guarded with barricades, lights and other measures for protection to the public from hazard. Streets, sidewalks, curbs and other public property disturbed in the course of the work shall be restored in a manner satisfactory to the Borough.
No person shall break, damage, destroy, deface or tamper with any structure, appurtenance or equipment which is a part of the Borough sewage works.
Any person violating any of the provisions of this article shall become liable to the Borough for any expense, loss or damage occasioned the Borough by reason of such violation.
Any person violating any provision of this article shall, upon conviction thereof, be punished as provided in § 1-15. In addition, any such person shall be served by the Borough with written notice stating the nature of the violation and providing a reasonable time limit for the satisfactory correction thereof. The offender shall, within the period of time stated in such notice, permanently cease all violations. A fine or penalty for violation of this article may, in the discretion of the Judge, be imposed and ordered paid, notwithstanding that the offender shall have, within the period of time stated in a notice, corrected the violation involved.