[Adopted 8-17-1971 by Ch. BH-IX of the Revised General Ordinances]
A code regulating the location, construction, use, maintenance and method of emptying or cleaning individual sewage disposal systems and the issuance of permits to locate, construct, empty or clean the systems and fixing penalties for the violation thereof is hereby adopted pursuant to N.J.S.A. 26:3-69.1 et seq. A copy of the code is annexed to this article and made a part hereof without inclusion of the text.
The code established and adopted by this article is described and commonly known as "Standards for the Construction of Individual Subsurface Sewage Disposal Systems," promulgated by the New Jersey State Department of Environmental Protection, and such amendments thereto and revisions thereof as may be hereafter promulgated.
Three copies of the Standards for the Construction of Individual Subsurface Sewage Disposal Systems have been placed on file in the offices of the Secretary of the Board of Health and the Township Clerk for the use and examination of the public.
Permit required. No person shall locate, construct or alter any individual sewage disposal system until a permit for the location, construction or alteration of the sewage disposal system shall have been issued by the Board of Health. Any permit to locate, construct or alter any individual sewage disposal system issued by the Board of Health shall expire one year after the date of issuance. All existing permits for the location, construction or alteration of any individual sewage disposal system heretofore issued by the Board of Health shall expire one year from the date of the adoption of this section.
Approval of plans and specifications. Application for the approval of plans and specifications for an individual sewage disposal system shall be prepared by a registered professional engineer licensed to practice in the State of New Jersey and shall bear his seal.
[Amended 10-3-1988 by Ord. No. 6-1988; 3-5-1990 by Ord. No. 4-1990]
Temporary facilities. No person shall locate, erect or use any temporary privy, portable facility or sanitary toilet facility until a permit for the location of the temporary privy has been issued by the Byram Township Board of Health. Every temporary privy, portable facility or toilet facility shall be properly enclosed, screened, ventilated, kept in repair and maintained at all times in a clean and sanitary condition. No such facility shall be located or maintained within 10 feet of any property line or within 25 feet of any door or window of any building used for human occupancy, and no such facility shall be constructed under or within any building or structure used for human occupancy. The contents of such facility shall be completely covered with inert material or otherwise effectively treated or removed at the end of each shift or working day.
Certificate required. New individual disposal systems shall not be placed in operation, nor shall new dwellings or buildings or additions thereto be sold or occupied which must rely on such a system for sewage disposal, until the Board of Health has issued a certificate indicating that the disposal system has been located and constructed in compliance with the terms of the permit issued and the requirements of the aforesaid code. Issuance of such certificate shall not be required for alterations to an existing individual sewage disposal system.
Issuance of certificate. The Board of Health may issue such certificate if an engineer licensed to practice professional engineering in New Jersey submits a written statement, signed by him, to the Board of Health stating that the disposal system has been located and constructed in accordance with the terms of the permit issued and the requirements of the code.
Editor's Note: Former § 278-6, Emptying or cleaning septic tanks, was repealed 2-11-1997 by Ord. No. BH1-1996.
If a license or permit or certification required by this article is denied by the Board of Health, a hearing shall be held thereon before the Board within 15 days after request is made by the applicant, and the Board of Health shall affirm, alter or rescind its previous determination and take action accordingly within 15 days after the hearing.
The Board of Health may order all further work in and about any individual sewage disposal system which is being erected or installed in violation of the code to be stopped forthwith, except such work as shall be necessary to remedy the violation and, thereafter, the work continued without any violation of any of the provisions of the code. After issuance of such order and the service of a copy upon the person connected with or working in and about the erection or installation of the disposal system or any part thereof, no further work shall be done except as aforesaid.
[Amended 6-20-1978; 4-26-1983; 10-3-1988 by Ord. No. 6-1988; 11-7-1988 by Ord. No. 7-1988; 3-5-1990 by Ord. No. 4-1990]
The following fees and charges shall be established:
For the filing of an application and plans for a permit to locate and construct an individual sewage disposal system: $150. This fee shall only include the cost of initial site inspection.
For the filing of an application and plans for a permit to alter an existing individual sewage disposal system: $75. This fee shall only include the cost of site inspection. "Alteration" means any change in the physical configuration of an existing individual subsurface sewage disposal system or any of its component parts, including replacement, modification, addition or removal of system components such that there will be a change in the location, design, construction, installation, size, capacity, type or number of one or more components. The term "alter" shall be construed accordingly.
[Amended 8-13-1991 by Ord. No. BH1-1991]
An applicant shall apply for the review of a proposed septic design by an authorized agent of the Board of Health to either construct a new system or alter an existing system prior to or simultaneously with the application for said permit. A fee of $25 shall be charged for the initial review of each proposed design. This fee shall not be credited to the cost of any fee to install a new system or alter an existing system.
A fee of $25 shall be charged for each plan review after the initial review, referenced in Subsection C above, which is caused by the applicant's failure to submit an application and plans which conform to the requirements of state law and these ordinances. For each reinspection of an individual sewage disposal system or part thereof caused by the failure of the permittee to locate, construct or alter the same in accordance with the terms of the permit issued or the terms of the aforesaid code, a reinspection fee of $25 shall be charged.
A fee of $25 plus $5 for each hole shall be charged for the observation, inspection and recording of any soil log or percolation test by the authorized agent of the Board of Health.
Where an application is before the Board for waiver of any health standard and the Board feels that a review and report by one or more of the Township's professional staff is necessary, an escrow of $250 shall be paid. The appropriate staff individuals will charge against this escrow for time spent outside the Board meetings preparing a report on the subject application. Should the charges exceed the $250 initially deposited, additional funds shall be paid by the applicant upon request. Should there be a surplus of funds in the escrow account following resolution of the application, the excess shall be returned to the applicant.
For the filing of an application and plans for a permit to repair an existing individual sewage disposal system: $25. This fee shall only include the cost of site inspection. "Repair" means to fix, refurbish or replace one or more components of an individual subsurface sewage disposal system in a manner that will restore, preserve and not change the original location, design, construction and installation, size, capacity, type or number of the components of the system.
[Added 8-13-1991 by Ord. No. BH1-1991]
[Amended 7-18-1978; 2-19-1980; 10-3-1988 by Ord. No. 6-1988; 2-11-1997 by Ord. No. BH1-1996]
Notwithstanding the requirements of the code established and adopted pursuant to § 272-1 of this article, the following minimum requirements shall apply within the Township of Byram with respect to the location, design, construction, alteration, use and supervision of individual subsurface sewage disposal systems:
Septic tanks serving single-family dwelling units with four or fewer bedrooms shall have a minimum capacity of 1,500 gallons. Septic tanks serving single-family dwelling units with five or more bedrooms shall have an additional capacity of at least 250 gallons per bedroom.
All septic systems must have either a single tank with two compartments or two tanks providing the required capacity. The septic tank must be provided with a manhole frame and cover for septic tank access on each compartment and installed at the finished grade of the property. The manhole and frame must be equivalent to Campbell Foundry Pattern No. 1302A and constructed with a bituminous seal where the casting meets the top of the septic tank. The finished grading must divert surface water away from the manhole cover, which shall be left exposed.
There shall be a minimum distance of 100 feet between all water wells and the disposal field.