Township of Galloway, NJ
Atlantic County
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Table of Contents
Table of Contents
A. 
Conformity of proposed land uses. From and after the effective date of this chapter, any existing or proposed structure, building, sign or land shall not be erected, constructed, placed, altered, extended, repaired, maintained, used or occupied except in conformity with this chapter.
B. 
Continuance of nonconforming uses and buildings. From and after the effective date of this chapter, any use or building existing at the time of enactment of this chapter, but not in conformity with the provisions for the district in which it is located, may be continued subject to the following limitations:
(1) 
Expansion or alteration. No expansion, enlargement, extension, increase or alteration of a nonconforming building shall be made, unless such expansion or alteration would reduce or not affect the degree of nonconformance.
[Amended 9-21-1982 by Ord. No. 702]
(2) 
Safety. Nothing in this chapter shall prevent the strengthening or restoring to a safe condition of any wall, floor or roof which has been declared unsafe by the Construction Official.
[Amended 6-28-2005 by Ord. No. 1609]
(3) 
Restoration.
[Amended 7-23-2013 by Ord. No. 1870]
(a) 
Any nonconforming single-family residential use in a district that does not permit residential uses as a principal use which is more than 75% damaged by reason of windstorm, fire, explosion or other act of God or man shall be deemed completely destroyed, and the use or structure may not reestablished, rebuilt, restored or repaired except in conformity with this chapter.
(b) 
Any nonconforming use or building not subject to § 233-5B(3)(a) which is more than 50% damaged by reason of windstorm, fire, explosion or other act of God or man shall be deemed completely destroyed, and the use or structure may not be reestablished, rebuilt, restored or repaired except in conformity with this chapter.
(c) 
In any zoning district which permits single-family residential dwelling units, a single-family dwelling unit on an undersized lot which shall be more than 50% damaged by reason of windstorm, fire, explosion or other act of God or man shall be permitted to be reconstructed, provided the reconstruction conforms to the setbacks that existed or the minimum required setbacks of the zoning district in which the property is located.
[Added 7-14-2015 by Ord. No. 1913-2015]
(4) 
Reversion. No nonconforming use or building shall, if once changed into a conforming use or building, be changed back again into a nonconforming use or building.
(5) 
Approved construction. Nothing herein contained shall require any change in plans, construction or designated use of a building for which a building permit has been issued prior to the effective date of this chapter.
(6) 
In the Pinelands Area see §§ 233-81 and 233-82 of this chapter.[1]
[Added 9-9-1986 by Ord. No. 828]
[1]
Editor's Note: Former Subsection B(7), regarding requirements for expanding existing developed residential lots in certain portions of the R5 Zoning District, added 6-12-2007 by Ord. No. 1701, which immediately followed this subsection, was repealed 7-14-2015 by Ord. No. 1913-2015. See now § 233-7J.
[Amended 9-9-1986 by Ord. No. 828; 6-22-1993 by Ord. No. 1127]
A. 
Establishment of Zoning Map. The boundaries of the districts shall be as shown on the Official Zoning Map which is on file in the Township Clerk’s Office, which map is prepared by Dixon Associates Consulting Engineers and dated January 2008. This map shall be known as the “Zoning Map of Galloway Township” and is hereby made a part of this chapter.[1]
[Amended 2-22-1994 by Ord. No. 1157; 6-26-2007 by Ord. No. 1712; 8-28-2007 by Ord. No. 1729; 2-12-2008 by Ord. No. 1743]
[1]
Editor's Note: The map referred to herein may be found as an attachment to this chapter.
B. 
Rules of interpretation. In the event that any uncertainty exists with respect to the intended boundaries of the various districts as shown on the Zoning Map, the following rules shall apply:
(1) 
The district boundaries are the center lines of streets, alleys, waterways and rights-of-way, unless otherwise indicated. Where designation of a boundary line on the Zoning District Map coincides with the location of a street, alley, waterway or right-of-way, the center line of such street, alley, waterway or right-of-way shall be construed to be the boundary of such district.
(2) 
Where the district boundaries do not coincide with the location of streets, alleys, waterways and rights-of-way but do coincide with lot lines, such lot lines shall be construed to be the boundaries of such districts.
(3) 
Where a district boundary does not coincide with the location of streets, alleys, waterways, rights-of-way or lot lines, the district boundary shall be determined by the use of the scale shown on the Zoning District Map.
(4) 
When a lot held in one ownership on the effective date of this chapter is divided by a district boundary line, the entire lot shall be construed to be within the less restrictive district unless such lot is designated for commercial use along the road frontage, wherein the entire lot shall be construed to be within the commercial zoning district. This section shall not apply to the Pinelands Area of the Township.
[Amended 5-10-1994 by Ord. No. 1166]
(5) 
In the Pinelands Area, when a lot in one ownership on the effective date of this chapter is split between two residential zoning districts, the entire lot shall be construed to be within the less restrictive district. This subsection shall not apply to any lots located within that area of the Rural Development District designated as the R5C District.
[Added 5-10-1994 by Ord. No. 1166]
(6) 
In the Pinelands Area, when a lot in one ownership on the effective date of this chapter is split between a commercial zoning district and any residential zoning district other than the R5 District, the entire lot shall be construed to be within the commercial zoning district.
[Added 5-10-1994 by Ord. No. 1166]
(7) 
In the Pinelands Area, when a lot in one ownership on the effective date of this chapter is split between a commercial zoning district and the R5 District, the entire lot shall be construed to be within the commercial zoning district, provided at least 50% of the lot is located in the commercial zoning district. If less than 50% of the lot is located in the commercial zoning district, the location of the zoning boundary shall be determined by the use of the scale appearing on the Zoning Map.
[Added 5-10-1994 by Ord. No. 1166]
(8) 
Where a permitted nonresidential development in a nonresidential zoning district owns contiguous land in a residential zoning district, the nonresidential development shall be permitted to locate stormwater management facilities in the residential zoning district. The location of the stormwater management facilities shall be set back a minimum of 30 feet from any abutting residential property line and a combination of fencing and landscaping shall be provided around the basin as deemed appropriate by the reviewing Board. This subsection shall not apply to the Pinelands Areas of the Township.
[Added 6-12-2007 by Ord. No. 1700]
(9) 
Where a permitted nonresidential development in the HC-1 or HC-2 Zoning District owns contiguous land in a rural zoning district (excluding the R5-C District), the nonresidential development shall be permitted to locate stormwater management facilities in the rural zoning district. The location of the stormwater management facilities shall be set back a minimum of 30 feet from any abutting residential property line and a combination of fencing and landscaping shall be provided around the basin as deemed appropriate by the reviewing Board.
[Added 6-12-2007 by Ord. No. 1700]
A. 
Undersized lots.
[Amended 9-9-1986 by Ord. No. 828]
(1) 
Any parcel of land outside the Pinelands Area with an area or width less than that prescribed for a lot in the district in which such lot is located, which parcel was under one ownership at the date of the adoption of this chapter, and the owner thereof owns no adjoining land, may be used as a lot for any purpose permitted in the district, provided that all other regulations prescribed for the district by this chapter are complied with, and further provided that no lot of less than 7,500 square feet in area or less than 50 feet of frontage shall be so used.
(2) 
See § 233-81 for undersized lots in the Pinelands Area.
B. 
Front yard setback standards.
[Amended 11-3-1980 by Ord. No. 646; 9-9-1986 by Ord. No. 828; 5-28-1996 by Ord. No. 1245]
(1) 
The front yard setback standards are shown on Tables 1 and 2 at the end of this chapter.
(2) 
In the turnaround of a cul-de-sac, the building setback shall be the line or arc by which the lot width is a minimum of 70 feet. In no case shall the building setback exceed 50 feet.
(3) 
In the case of a corner lot in a residential district or for a residential use, the front yard setback for a secondary front yard may be decreased a distance of 25% of the required front yard setback with the following exceptions:
[Added 11-13-2007 by Ord. No. 1735[1]; amended 7-14-2015 by Ord. No. 1913-2015]
(a) 
Driveways shall be located on minor streets pursuant to § 233-37B.
(b) 
If a driveway is located in a secondary front yard, then a reduced front yard setback shall not be permitted for the secondary front yard.
(c) 
This section shall not apply where scenic corridors are required pursuant to § 233-83G.
(d) 
In the R and R-1 Zoning Districts, a secondary front yard setback may be reduced to 20 feet on lots that have a lot width of 70 feet or less.
[1]
Editor's Note: This ordinance also provided for the redesignation of former Subsection B(3) as Subsection B(4).
(4) 
In addition to the above requirements, in the Pinelands Area the scenic requirements of § 233-83G apply.
C. 
Side and rear yards.
[Amended 5-28-1996 by Ord. No. 1245]
(1) 
The side and rear yard setback standards are shown on Tables 1 and 2 at the end of this chapter.
(2) 
Any buffer requirements shall be in addition to required side and rear yards.
D. 
Lot width.
[Amended 11-3-1980 by Ord. No. 646; 8-11-1987 by Ord. No. 867; 5-28-1996 by Ord. No. 1245]
(1) 
In the turnaround of a cul-de-sac or in curvilinear streets, lot width may be measured at any distance between 10 and 75 feet from the right-of-way.
(2) 
Lots in existence prior to the adoption of this chapter shall have a minimum lot width of no less than 70 feet.
E. 
Height.
[Amended 9-9-1986 by Ord. No. 828; 5-28-1996 by Ord. No. 1245; 10-22-1996 by Ord. No. 1262]
(1) 
The maximum permitted height for all structures in any district shall be 35 feet, including radio and television transmission and other communication facilities that are not accessory to an otherwise permitted use.
(2) 
The height limitation in Subsection E(1) above shall not apply to antennas which do not exceed a height of 200 feet and which are accessory to an otherwise permitted use, silos, barns and other agricultural structures, church spires, cupolas, domes, monuments, water towers, fire observation towers, electric transmission lines and supporting structures, windmills, smokestacks, derricks, conveyors, flag poles and masts, or aerials, solar energy facilities, chimneys and similar structures to be placed above the roof level and not intended for human occupancy. The provisions of Subsection E(1) above shall not apply to prevent the erection above the building height limit of a parapet wall or cornice for ornament (and without windows) extending above such height not more than five feet.
(3) 
With the exception of the PA, FA, RD, AG, RC, VR and VC District and that portion of the HC-2 District located in the Pinelands Village of Pomona, public and quasi-public buildings, schools, churches and other similar permitted uses may exceed the height limitations of Subsection E(1) above, provided that such uses shall increase the front, rear and each side yard one foot for each foot by which such building exceeds the height limit herein established for such district in which it is located, and further provided that in no case shall any building have a height greater than 50 feet.
(4) 
Nonresidential development located in commercial and industrial zoning districts shall be permitted a maximum height of 150 feet, provided that the Galloway Township Fire Chief finds that the building and site design provide safe and adequate access for fire-fighting equipment. This shall apply specifically in the Pinelands Areas, including TI, HC-1, I, IRD, PO, GI and in that portion of the HC-2 District located outside the Pinelands Village of Pomona; and in Non-Pinelands Areas, including CC, LID, CH, PO and CVC Districts. This provision shall not apply to overlay zone development.
(5) 
In the Pinelands Area, the height limitation in Subsection E(1) above shall not apply to the antenna and any supporting structure of a local communication facility of greater than 35 feet, provided that the standards set forth in N.J.A.C. 7:50-5.4(c) are met.
F. 
Flag lots. In a minor subdivision, one lot may be permitted which fails to meet the minimum lot width requirements for conventional residential development, provided that:
[Added 7-8-1986 by Ord. No. 836[2]]
(1) 
An accessway to the street is provided, being at least 25 feet in width.
(2) 
Only one lot of insufficient width is permitted, and such lots shall have at least three times the minimum lot area, twice the yard setbacks and a fifty-foot front yard measured from the rear yard of the lot on the street.
(3) 
All lots other than the flag lot shall have a minimum lot width of 100 feet.
[2]
Editor's Note: This ordinance also repealed original § 54-7E(4), added 7-6-1982 by Ord. No. 700, which permitted one lot which does not meet the minimum lot width requirements.
G. 
Access to structures. In order to provide for proper emergency access to structures for fire, police and other emergency vehicles, any application for development shall provide the following:
[Added 8-11-1987 by Ord. No. 867]
(1) 
An open and clear driveway or access lane for a minimum of 12 feet horizontal and 12 feet vertical clearance to within 25 feet of any principal building.
(2) 
Said access shall be maintained clear of any obstructions or vegetative growth.
(3) 
During and after construction of structures there must be maintained a Fire Department access road constructed of an approved surface material capable of providing emergency access at all times, with a minimum of 18 feet of unobstructed driveway access from said structure to the main roadway and a minimum vertical clearance of 13 1/2 feet. The Fire Official may require and designate public or private fire lanes as deemed necessary for the efficient and effective operation of fire apparatus.
[Added 2-27-2007 by Ord. No. 1679]
H. 
Smithville Planned Unit Development (residential).
[Added 7-14-2015 by Ord. No. 1913-2015]
(1) 
Side yard: five feet.
(2) 
Rear yard: 15 feet.
(3) 
Age-restricted parcels: rear yard setback of 10 feet on lots which abut open space or common easements for a three-season patio room as defined herein.
I. 
Blue Heron Pines PIRD (single-family residential).
[Added 7-14-2015 by Ord. No. 1913-2015]
(1) 
Rear yard setback: three feet.
(2) 
Side yard setback: six feet.
(3) 
A minimum building separation of 17 feet shall be maintained regardless of the permitted rear or side yard setback.
J. 
Residential Development in R5 District.
[Added 7-14-2015 by Ord. No. 1913-2015]
(1) 
Any existing developed residential lot located on Robin Lane, Harvard Terrace, Rutgers Court and Lisa Drive in the R5 Zoning District may be expanded as an existing single-family dwelling unit by way of an addition or permitted accessory structure without a hearing before the Zoning Board of Adjustment if the expansion conforms with the following requirements:
(a) 
Minimum front yard setback: 50 feet.
(b) 
Minimum side yard setback: 15 feet.
(c) 
Minimum rear yard setback: 30 feet.
(d) 
Maximum lot coverage: 30%.
(e) 
Accessory structures shall be governed by § 233-8 of this chapter.
(f) 
This shall not apply to any new residential development on a vacant or subdivided lot located on Robin Lane, Harvard Terrace, Rutgers Court and Lisa Drive.
(g) 
The expansion of buildings or structures which do not meet these criteria shall require an application for variance relief before the Zoning Board of Adjustment.
K. 
Setback exceptions for handicap/wheelchair ramps on residential properties. The Zoning Officer may authorize installation of a handicap/wheelchair ramp within a required setback in accordance with the following criteria:
[Added 12-12-2017 by Ord. No. 1981-2017]
(1) 
The applicant has submitted a letter from a licensed physician specifying that the handicap/wheelchair ramp is necessary to accommodate a resident of the property.
(2) 
The handicap/wheelchair ramp shall be designed so as to encroach into the required setback the minimum distance feasible. In no case shall the ramp be closer than two feet from a property line unless in the opinion of the Zoning Officer there is no other feasible alternative to the location of the ramp.
(3) 
The handicap/wheelchair ramp shall not encroach into any recorded easement or into the public right-of-way.
(4) 
The encroachment into the required setback shall be removed when the individual requiring the handicap/wheelchair ramp no longer resides on the property or the ramp is no longer required.
(5) 
The handicap/wheelchair ramp shall be designed and constructed in accordance with the applicable provisions of the Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA).[3]
[3]
Editor’s Note: See 42 U.S.C. § 12101 et seq.
[Added 5-8-2001 by Ord. No. 1466]
A. 
Authorization. Except as otherwise expressly provided or limited in this section, accessory structures and uses are permitted in any zoning district in connection with any principal use lawfully existing within such district. Any question of whether a particular use is permitted as an accessory use by the provisions of this section shall be determined by the Land Use Administrator and/or Township Planner pursuant to his authority to interpret the provisions of this chapter.
B. 
Definitions. An "accessory structure" or use is a structure or use which:
(1) 
Is subordinate to and serves a principal use.
(2) 
Is subordinate in area, extent and purpose to the principal structure or principal use served.
(3) 
Contributes to the comfort, convenience or necessity of the occupants, business or industry of the principal structure or principal use served.
(4) 
Is located on the same lot as the principal structure or principal use served.
C. 
Zoning permit is required. No accessory use or structure shall be established or constructed unless a zoning permit evidencing the compliance of such use or structure with the provisions of this section and other applicable provisions of this chapter shall have first been issued. The exceptions to this provision are structures that do not require a building permit, and any structure or use requiring site plan approval.
D. 
Use limitations. In addition to all of the use limitations applicable in the district in which it is located, no accessory use shall be permitted unless it complies with the following restrictions:
(1) 
No sign, except as expressly authorized by this section or by § 233-10, shall be maintained in connection with an accessory use.
(2) 
No accessory structure or use shall be constructed or established on any lot prior to the time of the substantial completion of the principal structure to which it is accessory. Agricultural uses are exempt from this provision.
E. 
Permitted accessory structures and uses. Accessory structures and uses include all structures and uses which comply with the standards of Subsections A through D of this section and in particular may, when such standards and requirements are met, include but are not necessarily limited to the following list of examples:
(1) 
Private residential detached garages and parking lots and parking areas, together with related circulation elements.
(2) 
Private customer and employee garages and parking lots and parking areas, together with related circulation elements.
(3) 
Storage sheds or buildings.
(4) 
Swimming pools, aboveground and in-ground. The setback is measured from the edge of the water area of the pool.
(5) 
Pool house and cabana, incidental to a pool.
(6) 
Tennis/basketball courts accessory to a residential building and limited to use by the occupants thereof and their guests.
(7) 
Children's play equipment and playhouses.
(8) 
Farm structures, including barns, pole barns, stables, chicken coops and dog runs. Any structure to be used for the purpose of housing animals must be located in the rear yard and be a minimum of 30 feet from property lines.
(9) 
Greenhouses, gazebos and conservatories.
(10) 
Trash enclosures/dumpsters.
(11) 
Fences and walls. Fences and walls are exempt setback requirements for accessory uses. The following standards shall apply:
(a) 
No fence or wall can exceed a height of six feet and maintain clear site.
(b) 
No fence can be located within a dedicated right-of-way.
(c) 
On a corner lot any fence or wall within the sight triangle required by § 233-40 of this chapter shall have a maximum height of 30 inches.
(d) 
Concertina or barbed wire fences are not permitted except as part of an agricultural or governmental use and public utilities.
(e) 
Electrical fences used for agricultural purposes must post warnings at least every 100 feet on the fence, where the public could have access to such fence. The minimum required height for electrical fences is two feet above grade. In accordance with the "recommended guidelines for home animal agriculture in residential areas" as published by Rutgers University, electric fences may be used for interior partition fences, but not for exterior fences.
(12) 
Small wind energy systems and solar energy systems in accordance with the standards in Subsection H below.
[Added 4-22-2008 by Ord. No. 1754]
(13) 
Home professional office in accordance with the standards in Subsection I, below.
[Added 6-25-2013 by Ord. No. 1873]
F. 
Space, bulk, area and yard requirements.
(1) 
In all residential districts all accessory structures must maintain a fifteen-foot rear and side yard setback, and no accessory structure shall be located in the front yard. In planned unit developments (PUD's), storage sheds may be located five feet from the property line for interior lots and 15 feet from a property line when the property line is coexistence with a street line for corner lots. In all districts, storage sheds less than 100 square feet in size may be located a distance of five feet from the property line for interior lots and 15 feet from a property line when the property line is coexistent with a street line for corner lots.
(2) 
In commercial districts all accessory structures and uses except in interior circulation and parking lots must meet the same setbacks required for principal structures, unless otherwise specified. For parking lots and interior circulation lanes, a front yard setback of at least 25 feet must be maintained. This area must be landscaped to the satisfaction of the Township Planner.
(3) 
Undersized lots. In the NR and RC Districts, where an existing single-family dwelling unit is located on an undersized lot of less than one acre and greater than 7,500 square feet, the setbacks for accessory structures may be reduced as follows:
[Added 7-14-2015 by Ord. No. 1913-2015]
(a) 
Storage sheds of 100 square feet or less in size may be located three feet from a side or rear property line.
(b) 
Accessory structures [except farm structures; see § 233-8E(8) above] greater than 100 square feet in size, not exceeding 200 square feet in size, may be located five feet from a side or rear property line.
(c) 
All other accessory structures [except farm structures; see § 233-8E(8) above] over 200 square feet in size shall maintain a fifteen-foot side and rear yard setback.
(d) 
Pools shall be 10 feet from the side or rear property line.
(e) 
Accessory structures shall not be located in a front yard.
G. 
Space, bulk, area and yard requirements in the Pinelands Area.
(1) 
In the R and R-1 Zoning Districts, accessory structures must maintain a five-foot setback from the rear and side yard property lines for interior lots and 12 feet from a property line when the property line is coexistence with a street line for corner lots. Pools must be 10 feet from property lines for interior lots and 12 feet from a property line when the property line is coexistence with a street line for corner lots. Storage sheds less than 100 square feet in size may be located a distance of three feet from the property line for interior lots and 12 feet from the property line when a property line is coexistent with a street line for corner lots. No accessory structure may be located in the front yard.
(2) 
In the VR and TR Zoning Districts:
[Amended 7-14-2015 by Ord. No. 1913-2015]
(a) 
Accessory structures [except farm structures; see § 233-8E(8) above] not exceeding 200 square feet in size may be located five feet from a side or rear property line and 15 feet from a property line when the property line is coexistent with a street line for corner lots.
(b) 
All other accessory structures [except farm structures; see § 233-8E(8) above] over 200 square feet in size shall maintain a fifteen-foot side and rear yard setback.
(c) 
Pools shall be 10 feet from the side or rear property line and 15 feet from a property line when the property line is coexistent with a street line for corner lots.
(d) 
Accessory structures shall not be located in a front yard.
(3) 
In all other residential and agricultural districts, accessory structures must maintain a fifteen-foot rear and side yard setback from the property lines for interior lots and 30 feet from a property line when the property line is coexistent with a street line for corner lots. No accessory structure may be located in the front yard, with the exception of gazebos, which may be located in the front yard where the required front yard setback is 200 feet.
[Added 7-14-2015 by Ord. No. 1913-2015[1]]
[1]
Editor's Note: This ordinance also renumbered former Subsection G(3) as Subsection G(4).
(4) 
In all commercial districts accessory structures and uses, except interior circulation and parking lots, must meet the same setbacks required for principal structures, unless otherwise specified. For parking lots and interior circulation lanes, a front yard setback of at least 25 feet must be maintained. This area must be landscaped to the satisfaction of the Township Planner.
H. 
Small wind energy systems and solar energy systems.
[Added 4-22-2008 by Ord. No. 1754]
(1) 
The primary purpose of a wind or solar energy system will be to provide power for the principal use of the property whereon said system is to be located and shall not be for the generation of power for commercial purposes, although this provision shall not be interpreted to prohibit the sale of excess power generated from time to time from a wind or solar energy system designed to meet the energy needs of the principal use. For the purposes of this subsection, the sale of excess power shall be limited so that in no event an energy system is generating more energy for sale than what is otherwise necessary to power the principal use on the property.
(2) 
Wind and solar energy systems shall only be permitted as an accessory use on the same lot as the principal use. All energy systems require approval from the Zoning Officer and Construction Office prior to installation. Applications for an energy system shall include information demonstrating compliance with the provisions of this subsection. In the event that the Zoning Officer or Construction Office does not believe the provisions of this subsection will be satisfied, an applicant may request a variance.
(3) 
All applications for wind energy systems shall be presented to the Development Review Committee for administrative approval.
(4) 
Small wind energy systems.
(a) 
Wind turbines are permitted in all residential, agricultural, forest and preservation districts subject to the following requirements:
[1] 
Minimum lot size: one acre, provided the lot size conforms to the height requirements below.
[2] 
Minimum setbacks. All wind turbines shall be set back from all property lines a distance equal to 100% of the height of the structure including the blades.
[3] 
Wind turbines shall not be permitted in any front yard.
[4] 
Maximum height. Freestanding wind turbines shall not exceed a height of 80 feet on lots between one acre and three acres. On lots of three acres or more, a maximum height of 150 feet is permitted. The maximum height shall include the height of the blades at its highest point.
[5] 
No more than one wind turbine shall be permitted per property.
[6] 
Wind turbines shall not be permitted as a rooftop installation.
[7] 
Wind turbines on residential properties shall have a nameplate capacity of 10 kilowatts or less.
(b) 
Wind turbines shall be permitted in a nonresidential zoning district subject to the bulk requirements for that district and the following:
[1] 
The maximum height for a wind turbine shall not exceed 150 feet, including the height of the blades at its highest point.
[2] 
Minimum setbacks. All wind turbines shall be set back from all property lines a distance equal to 100% of the height of the structure including the blades.
[3] 
Wind turbines shall not be permitted in a front yard.
[4] 
No more than one wind turbine shall be permitted per property.
[5] 
Wind turbines shall not be permitted as a rooftop installation.
(c) 
Noise. All wind energy systems shall comply with the following:
[1] 
Between a residential use or zone sound levels of the wind energy system shall not exceed 55 dBA at a common property line or 50 dBA to the closest occupied structure.
[2] 
In all other cases at a common property line sound levels of the wind energy system shall not exceed 65 dBA.
[3] 
These levels may be exceeded during short-term events such as utility outages and/or severe windstorms.
(d) 
Wind turbines shall be designed with an automatic brake or other similar device to prevent overspeeding and excessive pressure on the tower structure.
(e) 
Wind energy systems shall not be artificially lighted, except to the extent required by the FAA or other applicable authority.
(f) 
All ground-mounted electrical and control equipment shall be labeled and secured to prevent unauthorized access.
(g) 
The tower shall be designed and installed so as not to provide step bolts, a ladder, or other publicly accessible means of climbing the tower for a minimum height of eight feet above the ground.
(h) 
All moving parts of the wind energy system shall be a minimum of 10 feet above ground level.
(i) 
The blades on the wind energy system shall be constructed of a corrosive-resistant material.
(j) 
All guy wires or any part of the wind energy system shall be located on the same lot as the energy system.
(5) 
Solar energy systems.
(a) 
Solar panels shall be permitted as a rooftop installation in any zoning district. The solar panels shall not exceed a height of eight inches from the rooftop. In no event shall the placement of the solar panels result in a total height including building and panels than what is permitted in the zoning district which they are located for the principal building.
(b) 
Solar panels shall be permitted as ground arrays in accordance with the following:
[1] 
All ground arrays shall be set back a distance of 20 feet from all property lines in a residential zoning district or in conformance with the bulk standards for accessory structures in commercial districts as provided herein.
[2] 
Ground arrays shall not be permitted in a front yard.
[3] 
Ground arrays shall be located so that any glare is directed away from an adjoining property.
[4] 
Ground arrays shall not exceed a height of 15 feet.
(6) 
Wind and solar energy systems shall not be used for displaying any advertising except for reasonable identification of the manufacturer or operator of the system. In no case shall any identification be visible from a property line.
(7) 
The design of wind or solar energy systems shall, to the extent reasonably possible, use materials, colors, textures, screening and landscaping that will blend the facility into the natural setting and existing environment.
(8) 
All applications for a wind or solar energy system shall conform to the provisions of § 233-52 with respect to tree removal. For the purposes of this section, tree removal shall be permitted as exempted under § 233-52E(3) and (4). Any trees to be removed in excess of that permitted under the exemptions of the tree removal and protection ordinance shall be accompanied by a plan demonstrating the need to remove the trees and replacement of the trees in accordance with the provisions of § 233-52G of this chapter. An applicant shall locate a wind or solar energy system so that tree removal is not required to the extent practical.
(9) 
The installation of a wind or solar energy system shall conform to the National Electric Code as adopted by the NJ Department of Community Affairs.
(10) 
The installation of a wind or solar energy system is subject to all Atlantic City Electric Company requirements for interconnection.
(11) 
The provisions of § 233-7E shall not apply to wind and solar energy systems with regard to height. Wind and solar energy systems shall conform to the height restrictions provided in this subsection.
(12) 
Abandonment.
(a) 
A small wind energy system or solar energy system that is out of service for a continuous twelve-month period will be deemed to have been abandoned.
(b) 
The Zoning Officer may issue a notice of abandonment to the owner. The notice shall be sent via regular and certified mail, return receipt requested, to the owner of record.
(c) 
Any abandoned system shall be removed at the owner's sole expense within six months after the owner receives the notice of abandonment from the municipality. If the system is not removed within six months of receipt of notice from the Township notifying the owner of such abandonment, the Township may remove the system as set forth below.
(d) 
When an owner of a wind or solar energy system has been notified to remove same and has not done so six months after receiving said notice, then the Township may remove such system and place a lien upon the property for the cost of the removal. If removed by the owner, a demolition permit shall be obtained and the facility shall be removed. Upon removal, the site shall be cleaned, restored and revegetated to blend with the existing surrounding vegetation at the time of abandonment.
I. 
Home professional office.
[Added 6-25-2013 by Ord. No. 1873]
(1) 
A zoning permit is required for the initial establishment of the home professional office in accordance with § 233-8C above.
(2) 
No more than one home professional office shall be permitted per residential dwelling unit.
(3) 
No more than 10% of the dwelling unit and accessory structures or 500 square feet, whichever is less, may be devoted to the home professional office.
(4) 
The home professional office must be carried out indoors without any outdoor storage.
(5) 
The residential appearance of the structure shall not be altered as a result of the home professional office.
(6) 
Noise, glare, fumes, odors, or electrical interferences are prohibited.
(7) 
Not more than one client is permitted on the premises at any one time. Clients are permitted to visit the residential unit for those professions that include professional services. A home professional office shall not include retail sales.
(8) 
Deliveries and pickups by tractor-trailers are prohibited. All deliveries shall occur by standard residential UPS, FedEx or other similar service.
(9) 
The home professional office shall not have employees working at the dwelling unit, with the exception of members of the family living in the dwelling unit.
(10) 
No commercial vehicles shall be stored on site, with the exception of the vehicle utilized by the resident of the dwelling unit. The storage and/or parking of commercial vehicles with more than two axels is prohibited.
(11) 
Automotive or vehicular repair of any kind is specifically prohibited, including maintaining of vehicles associated with the home occupation.
The following uses and activities are specifically prohibited in any and all districts:
A. 
Junkyards or automobile wrecking yards.
B. 
The sorting or bailing of scrap metal, paper, rags or other scrap material on sites of more than 5,000 square feet.
C. 
All billboards, signboards or advertising signs other than those existing at the time of the adoption of this chapter or otherwise specifically permitted by this chapter. (See § 233-10.) For requirements applicable to the Pinelands Area, see § 233-83G.
[Amended 9-9-1986 by Ord. No. 828]
D. 
A trailer, bus, bus body, truck, truck body, van, railroad car, tractor or trailer body used as a dwelling or placed on a permanent foundation or pier, except:
(1) 
As part of a licensed trailer park.
(2) 
A trailer used for dwelling purposes by the owner of the trailer for a temporary dwelling while undertaking the building of a home on a plot of land owned by said trailer owner; provided, however, that the owner secures a building permit and completes the building of such permanent home within 12 months from the day during which the trailer was installed on such premises; and further provided that the owner complies with all health and safety laws as provided under the state laws of the State of New Jersey and/or laws of the Township of Galloway; and further provided that, after such permanent home shall have been completed in accordance with all plans and specifications as filed with the Township, the person or persons using such trailer for temporary dwelling purposes shall immediately cease to so use the trailer. A temporary certificate shall be issued with the building permit by the Code Enforcement Officer for a duration of 12 months.
(3) 
For purposes of repairing or storing a trailer, in which case, if the said trailer is to be parked on any street or any premises within the Township of Galloway, for any period exceeding 48 hours, other than in a licensed location, the owner of such trailer shall obtain a permit therefor from the Township of Galloway; provided, however, that travel trailers may be stored but not occupied on the property of the trailer owner without requiring a permit. Such permit shall be granted upon request, without fee, and shall be valid for a period of time as the Township shall deem feasible.
E. 
Dog kennels, except as may be specifically permitted and provided for in a particular district.
[Added 12-22-1987 by Ord. No. 882]
[Amended 9-9-1986 by Ord. No. 828; 6-22-1993 by Ord. No. 1127]
A. 
Purpose. The purposes of these sign regulations are to encourage the effective use of signs as a means of communication in the Township; to maintain and enhance the aesthetic environment and the Township's ability to attract sources of economic development and growth; to improve pedestrian and traffic safety; to minimize the possible adverse effect of signs on nearby public and private property; and to enable the fair and consistent enforcement of these sign restrictions. This section is adopted in furtherance of the more general purpose set forth in this chapter.
B. 
Prohibited signs in Pinelands Area.
(1) 
No sign, other than warning or safety signs, which is designed or intended to attract attention by sudden, intermittent or rhythmic movement or physical or lighting change shall be permitted in the Pinelands Area.
(2) 
No sign, other than warning or safety signs, which changes physical position by any movement or rotation or which gives the visual impression of such movement or rotation shall be permitted in the Pinelands Area.
(3) 
No outdoor, off-site commercial advertising sign shall be permitted in the Pinelands Area, except that:
(a) 
Existing lawful off-site commercial advertising signs, in existence as of January 14, 1981, shall be permitted in the Regional Growth Districts and Pinelands Town Districts. Such signs shall also be permitted in the RCR and VC Districts, and in that portion of the HC-2 District located in the Pinelands Village of Pomona, provided the signs are located on a US highway within 1,000 feet of a Pinelands Regional Growth Area or Pinelands Town; and
(b) 
Signs advertising agricultural commercial establishments shall be permitted, provided that:
[1] 
No more than two signs shall be placed in any one direction along each road directly approaching the establishment; and
[2] 
No sign along a four-lane state or federal highway shall exceed 50 square feet in area, and no sign along any other road shall exceed 32 square feet in area.
[Amended 6-10-1997 by Ord. No. 1302]
(4) 
Any existing sign which does not conform to Subsections B(1) and (2) above shall be removed immediately. Any existing sign which does not conform to Subsection B(3) above shall be removed no later than December 5, 1996.
[Amended 6-10-1997 by Ord. No. 1302]
(5) 
To the maximum extent practical, the character and composition of construction materials for all signs shall be harmonious with the scenic values of the Pinelands.
C. 
Permitted signs. The following signs are permitted, subject to Planning Board approval as part of the site plan, planned development or subdivision review:
(1) 
Official public safety and information signs displaying road names, numbers and safety directions.
(2) 
On-site identification signs for schools, churches, hospitals or similar public service institutions; and parks and playgrounds, public golf courses, farms, nurseries and public utility structures, provided that:
(a) 
The size of such sign shall not exceed 24 square feet where the facility is located within an agricultural, residential or institutional zoning district. In all nonresidential districts, the size of the sign shall conform to the maximum area for business signs as provided for herein.
[Amended 10-10-2017 by Ord. No. 1971-2017]
(b) 
Not more than one such sign shall be placed on any property, unless such property fronts on more than one street, in which case one such sign may be erected on each street frontage.
(c) 
Electronic message center (EMC) signs are permitted for schools, churches, hospitals or similar public service institutions, parks and playgrounds and public golf courses in accordance with the following:
[Added 10-10-2017 by Ord. No. 1971-2017]
[1] 
In Pinelands areas, EMC signs are only permitted in Regional Growth Areas, Pinelands Villages or Pinelands Towns;
[2] 
The total permitted sign area shall include the EMC and conform to Subsection C(2)(a) above.
[3] 
EMC signs shall conform to the provisions of Subsection I below.
(3) 
Trespassing signs or signs indicating the private nature of a road, driveway or premises and signs prohibiting or otherwise controlling fishing or hunting, provided that the size of such sign does not exceed 12 square feet.
(4) 
On-site home occupation or name signs indicating the activity and/or name of the occupant of the dwelling, provided that the size of any such sign shall not exceed two square feet and no more than one sign is permitted for any individual parcel of land.
(5) 
On-site signs advertising the sale, lease or rental of the property on which such signs are located, provided that:
(a) 
The size of such sign shall not exceed eight square feet in residential districts and 16 square feet in commercial district.
(b) 
Not more than one sign shall be erected for any one property.
(c) 
Such sign shall be removed within one week of settlement of the sale or consummation of the lease or rental.
(d) 
Such sign shall be set back 10 feet from the right-of-way.
(6) 
Temporary signs of contractors, builders, mechanics and artisans, provided that:
(a) 
Such signs shall be erected only on the property where such work is being performed.
(b) 
The size of such sign shall not exceed four square feet.
(c) 
Such signs shall be removed within one week of completion of work.
(7) 
Temporary real estate signs pertaining to the sale of homes and home sites within a development and to sponsors and/or supporting agencies for publicly funded projects, provided that:
(a) 
The size of such sign shall not exceed 40 square feet.
(b) 
Such sign shall be located within the boundaries of such development.
(c) 
Not more than one such sign shall be placed within any such development, unless the development fronts on more than one street, in which case one such sign may be erected on each street frontage.
(8) 
Identification signs for permitted professional offices, provided that:
(a) 
Signs shall identify only occupants of the subject property and shall not be permitted to advertise activities off-site.
(b) 
The size of a sign shall not exceed two square feet in residential districts unless a larger sign is permitted by other regulation contained within this section.
(c) 
One freestanding ground sign shall be permitted which shall not exceed an area of one square foot for each one foot in width measured along the lot frontage (as defined in this section). Such sign may have two sides; however, the combined area may not exceed the total permitted area for the ground sign. The sign shall be set back a minimum of 14 feet from a street line and shall be located so as not to obstruct vision of motorists. Total height of the sign shall not exceed 12 feet.
(d) 
One wall sign shall be permitted for each occupant of the building. The total area of all signs placed on the building shall not exceed one square foot for each one foot in building width. Signs shall not project beyond the building more than 18 inches. A wall sign shall not extend above the roof line.
(e) 
Signs located along Route 9, Jimmie Leeds Road or Pitney Road may not be internally illuminated. Halo lighting or downlighting is permitted.
[Added 10-10-2017 by Ord. No. 1971-2017]
(f) 
An EMC sign copy area is permitted on the primary freestanding sign for business properties with frontage along the White Horse Pike in accordance with the following:
[Added 10-10-2017 by Ord. No. 1971-2017]
[1] 
In Pinelands areas, EMC signs are only permitted in Regional Growth Areas, Pinelands Villages or Pinelands Towns.
[2] 
A maximum of 40 square feet is permitted for the EMC portion of the sign. The total sign area shall conform with the total allowable sign area herein for the use and district where the property is located.
[3] 
EMC signs shall conform to the provisions of Subsection I below.
(9) 
Project identification signs for residential developments, provided that:
(a) 
The size of such sign shall not exceed 16 square feet in area and six feet in height.
(b) 
Such sign shall be located at least 20 feet from any property line.
(c) 
Such sign shall not contain information other than the name of the project, the street address and the presence or lack of vacant units.
(d) 
Each building in a multifamily development shall prominently display building numbers.
(10) 
Business identification signs, provided that:
(a) 
Signs shall identify only occupants of the subject property and shall not be permitted to advertise activities off-site. Such sign shall be erected only on such premises on which the use to which the sign relates is conducted.
(b) 
One freestanding ground sign shall be permitted which shall not exceed a total area of one square foot for each one foot in width of lot frontage (as defined by this section). Such sign may have two sides; however, the combined area may not exceed the total permitted area for the ground sign. The sign shall be set back a minimum of 14 feet from a street line and shall be located so as not to obstruct vision of motorists. Total height of the sign shall not exceed the height of the principal building on the lot.
(c) 
One wall sign shall be permitted for each occupant of the building. The total area of all signs placed on the building shall not exceed one square foot for each one foot in building width. Signs shall not project beyond the building more than 18 inches. A wall sign shall not extend above the roof line.
(d) 
Signs located along Route 9, Jimmie Leeds Road or Pitney Road may not be internally illuminated. Halo lighting or downlighting is permitted.
[Added 10-10-2017 by Ord. No. 1971-2017]
(e) 
Signs located in the CVC District shall have a maximum height of 20 feet. Signs located in the PO or PRO District shall have a maximum height of 12 feet.
[Added 10-10-2017 by Ord. No. 1971-2017]
(f) 
An EMC sign copy area is permitted on the primary freestanding sign for business properties with frontage along the White Horse Pike in accordance with the following:
[Added 10-10-2017 by Ord. No. 1971-2017]
[1] 
In Pinelands areas, EMC signs are only permitted in Regional Growth Areas, Pinelands Villages or Pinelands Towns.
[2] 
A maximum of 40 square feet is permitted for the EMC portion of the sign. The total sign area shall conform with the total allowable sign area herein for the use and district where the property is located.
[3] 
EMC signs shall conform to the provisions of Subsection I below.
(11) 
Shopping center or industrial park identification signs, provided that:
(a) 
The size of such sign shall not exceed 400 square feet, and the area on any one side shall not exceed 200 square feet.
(b) 
No more than one such sign shall be erected for each 25 acres within the shopping center or industrial park.
(c) 
Such signs shall be located at least 25 feet from any public street or driveway and at least 100 feet from any residential property.
(d) 
Such sign shall be erected only on such premises on which the use to which the sign relates is conducted.
(e) 
Freestanding signs shall not exceed the height of the building on the subject property or 25 feet, whichever is less.
[Added 10-10-2017 by Ord. No. 1971-2017]
(f) 
Signs located along Route 9, Jimmie Leeds Road or Pitney Road may not be internally illuminated. Halo lighting or downlighting is permitted.
[Added 10-10-2017 by Ord. No. 1971-2017]
(g) 
Facade signs are permitted for each tenant within the shopping center. The maximum sign area permitted for each tenant shall be equal to 10% of the total facade area devoted to the use.
[Added 10-10-2017 by Ord. No. 1971-2017]
(h) 
An EMC sign copy area is permitted on the primary freestanding sign for properties with frontage along the White Horse Pike in accordance with the following:
[Added 10-10-2017 by Ord. No. 1971-2017]
[1] 
In Pinelands areas, EMC signs are only permitted in Regional Growth Areas, Pinelands Villages or Pinelands Towns.
[2] 
A maximum of 40 square feet is permitted for the EMC portion of the sign. The total sign area shall conform with the total allowable sign area herein for the use and district where the property is located.
[3] 
EMC signs shall conform to the provisions of Subsection I, below.
(12) 
Directional signs (entrance), provided that:
(a) 
Only one freestanding sign may be erected at each driveway which provides a means of ingress for the off-street parking facilities on the premises.
(b) 
Such signs shall relate only the name of the use or facility and appropriate traffic instructions, shall not exceed 10 square feet in area for each of two faces and shall be mounted so as not to obstruct vision between a height of three feet and seven feet above the ground. Total height of the sign shall not exceed 11 feet above the ground.
(c) 
In such cases as directional signs (ingress) are located within a buffer area, said signs shall not exceed 15 square feet for each of the two faces.
(13) 
Directional signs (exit), provided that:
(a) 
Such signs shall not exceed 10 square feet in area, shall not obstruct vision between a height of three feet and seven feet above the ground. Total height of the sign shall not exceed 11 feet above the ground.
(b) 
Not more than one such sign shall be erected in conjunction with each driveway which provides egress from the premises, which is located within the required buffer area.
(14) 
Traffic control signs for interior roadways, provided that such signs shall not exceed four square feet in area and six feet in height.
(15) 
Parking lot signs, provided that:
(a) 
Not more than one such sign shall be permitted for each 40,000 square feet of parking area.
(b) 
Such signs shall not exceed an area of three square feet on each of four faces nor exceed a height of 20 feet.
(c) 
Freestanding signs may be erected at each end of the parking aisle for identification purposes, provided that such signs shall not exceed one square foot in area nor exceed a height of 11 feet.
(d) 
All of the above-described signs must be mounted so as not to obstruct vision between a height of three feet and seven feet above the ground.
(16) 
Directional signs advertising public facilities and tourist facilities and attractions, provided that:
(a) 
The size of any such sign shall not exceed five square feet.
(b) 
The sign advertises a facility within Galloway Township.
(17) 
Pennants, banners, spinners, valances or the like shall be permitted for a thirty-day period, provided that the same are constructed, hung and/or exhibited in a secure and otherwise safe and workmanlike manner in accordance with rules and regulations to be established by the Code Enforcement Officer. This category of signs is prohibited in the Pinelands Areas.
(18) 
Animated signs, signs that revolve, swing or have movable parts or have or appear to have flashing or intermittent light or reflectors are prohibited except in accordance with Subsection I below for EMC signs.
[Amended 10-10-2017 by Ord. No. 1971-2017]
D. 
Off-site commercial advertising signs.
(1) 
No new off-site commercial advertising sign shall be constructed at any location unless conditional use approval has first been obtained, and then only in accordance with the conditional use standards and limitations of this subsection.
(2) 
Off-site commercial advertising signs shall only be acceptable along US Route 30, east of the Garden State Parkway on land zoned for commercial use. There shall be no other commercial improvements located on the property.
(3) 
No new off-site commercial advertising sign shall be located within 1,000 feet of any lot that is used or may be used for residential purposes.
(4) 
No new off-site commercial advertising sign shall be located within 1,000 feet of any lot line of a designated landmark or landmark site, school, church, park, library or similar institution, or within 300 feet of wetlands.
(5) 
No new off-site commercial advertising sign shall be located within 1,000 feet of any other off-site commercial advertising sign structure.
(6) 
The maximum area of an off-site commercial advertising sign shall be 700 square feet per sign face. The maximum height shall be 20 feet above grade.
(7) 
An off-site commercial advertising sign shall comply with the Roadside Sign Control and Outdoor Advertising regulations administered by New Jersey Department of Transportation.
E. 
Political or civic signs.
(1) 
Temporary signs advertising political parties or candidates for election, provided that the size of any such sign does not exceed 32 square feet.
(2) 
Temporary on- or off-site signs advertising civic, social or political gatherings and activities, provided that the size of such signs does not exceed four square feet.
(3) 
Political or civic signs shall not be erected more than 45 days prior to an event and shall be removed within 10 days following an event.
F. 
Seasonal signs.
(1) 
Temporary signs identifying seasonal sales of products or goods may be installed on private property, provided the owner has authorized the installation and the size of the sign does not exceed 10 square feet.
(2) 
Seasonal signs shall not be erected more than 45 days prior to an event and shall be removed within 10 days following an event.
G. 
Sign standards.
(1) 
No sign shall project over any sidewalk, nor shall any sign extend beyond any property line.
(2) 
No sign shall be erected in such a manner as to obstruct free and clear vision on any street, nor to interfere with, obstruct the view of or be confused with any traffic sign, signal or device.
(3) 
No sign shall be affixed by tacking, pasting or otherwise mounting upon utility poles, light standards, trees or any part of official traffic signs or other signs required by law, except for political signs or posters publicizing events sponsored by nonprofit organizations, provided that they are removed following the event or election in question within the specified time period.
H. 
In the Pinelands Preservation Area (PA) Zone, signs shall be in accordance with N.J.A.C. 7:50-6.108.
[Added 2-22-1994 by Ord. No. 1157]
I. 
Electronic message center (EMC) signs. Wherever EMC signs are permitted in accordance with the above regulations, they shall conform to the following standards:
[Added 10-10-2017 by Ord. No. 1971-2017]
(1) 
The EMC message shall be restricted to a minimum fixed message time of eight seconds.
(2) 
Changes from one message to another shall be accomplished by the change of all illumination elements on the face of the sign simultaneously, with the provision that the sign may fade to complete darkness and then reilluminate with or fade to the new message.
(3) 
No representation of images other than letters or numbers shall be permitted.
(4) 
All EMC signs shall have automatic dimming controls, via photo cell or software settings, that adjust the light emitted by the sign during ambient low-light conditions and night so that it is compliant with the sign illumination standards allowed herein. White backgrounds shall not be utilized between dusk and dawn.
(5) 
All illuminated signs must comply with a maximum luminance level of 750 cd/m2 or nits at least 1/2 hour before apparent sunset as determined by the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA), United States Department of Commerce, for the City's geographic location and date. All illuminated signs may resume luminance levels appropriate for daylight conditions at the apparent sunrise, as determined by the NOAA.
(6) 
Prior to the issuance of a permit for a changeable-copy or EMC sign, the applicant shall provide written certification from the sign manufacturer that the light intensity has been factory preset not to exceed the levels specified above.
(7) 
The following EMC display features and functions are prohibited: continuous scrolling and/or traveling, flashing, blinking, twinkling, spinning, rotating, and similar moving effects.
(8) 
All power to an EMC sign shall be supplied via underground carrier, inside approved conduit and shall be installed in accordance with the National Electric Code.
(9) 
EMC signs shall be properly maintained so that inoperative or improperly lighted bulbs do not impair the appearance and legibility of the sign. When malfunctioning, all EMC signs must then be turned off or display a blank screen.
(10) 
Where residential uses are located within 200 feet of the property, the sign shall be dimmed and remain steady from 11:00 p.m. through 6:00 a.m.
A. 
Off-street automobile parking. Off-street automobile parking space, with vehicular access to a street, shall be provided on any lot on which any of the uses hereinafter enumerated are established subsequent to the effective date of this chapter. For the purposes of computing the number of parking spaces available in a given area, one parking space shall be considered the equivalent of 180 unobstructed square feet of space with a minimum width of nine feet. The following are minimum requirements for specific uses:
(1) 
Dwellings: two spaces for each dwelling unit.
(2) 
Schools: two spaces for each staff member.
(3) 
Churches, meeting rooms and public auditoriums: one space for each four public seats or equivalent accommodation.
(4) 
Other public buildings: one space for each 400 square feet of gross floor area.
(5) 
Public recreation areas and golf courses: two spaces for each one acre devoted to such use.
(6) 
Roadside stands: one space for each 200 square feet of gross floor area, but in no case less than five spaces.
(7) 
Professional offices: one space for each 200 square feet of gross floor area devoted to such office use.
(8) 
Retail business and services use: one space for each 200 square feet of gross floor area.
(9) 
Restaurants: one space for each four public seats, plus one space for each two employees.
(10) 
Motels and hotels: one space for each room available for overnight accommodation. Additional facilities such as restaurant or auditorium shall require additional spaces as per this section.
(11) 
Industrial plants: one space for each 200 square feet of floor area other than warehouse or storage space.
B. 
With sufficient documentation provided by the applicant to prove to the Planning Board's satisfaction that fewer parking spaces would be appropriate, the Planning Board may permit some of the required spaces to remain unpaved.
C. 
Parking areas are to be blacktopped unless alternative materials are approved by the Planning Board.
D. 
Landscaping. A minimum of one two-and-one-half-inch caliper tree shall be provided for each eight parking spaces or portion thereof. This requirement may be waived by the Planning Board in the case of wooded tracts where sufficient trees are maintained.
A. 
Prohibited uses. The following uses are prohibited in the stream corridors and freshwater wetlands of the Township: the dumping or storing of any human or animal wastes, junk, trash, scrap, oils, chemicals, metals or any hazardous material or any material that will alter the natural composition of soil and water; nor shall any use or activity in the stream corridors or freshwater wetlands of the Township be permitted which affects surface waters in a manner contrary to the provisions of the New Jersey Surface Water Standards Act (N.J.S.A. 7:9-4 et seq.). (See § 233-83A for additional requirements in the Pinelands Area.)
[Amended 9-9-1986 by Ord. No. 828]
B. 
Permitted uses.
(1) 
The following uses are permitted: agriculture, lumbering, fishing, swimming, boating, hunting, picnicking, hiking trails, bicycle paths, wildlife observation and environmental study posts and any activity promoting the conservation of soil, vegetation, water, marine and terrestrial species.
(2) 
Any soil conservation practices in the stream corridors and freshwater wetlands shall be supervised by the Cape-Atlantic Soil Conservation District and shall conform to the Cape-Atlantic Soil Conservation District specifications for the prevention of erosion and sedimentation control.
(3) 
Any commercial lumbering which occurs in the stream corridors and freshwater wetlands shall conform to sound management principles of the New Jersey Department of Environmental Protection, Bureau of Parks and Forests, and shall be supervised by the area forester. In the Pinelands Area the standards of § 233-83D shall apply.
[Amended 9-9-1986 by Ord. No. 828]
(4) 
Application of fertilizer, pesticides. herbicides or fungicides shall conform to the Commercial Crop Production Recommendations for New Jersey as published yearly by Rutgers, the State University or as recommended by the Atlantic County Agricultural Agent. In the Pinelands Area the standards of § 233-83E shall apply.
[Amended 9-9-1986 by Ord. No. 828]
C. 
Uses permitted by permit.
(1) 
No building or structure shall be erected, placed or enlarged, either above or below ground level, including septic systems and cesspools, nor shall any material or equipment be stored, nor shall any fill be placed, nor shall any vegetation be removed except as hereinafter provided, nor shall the elevation of any lands be changed in the stream corridors or freshwater wetlands of this Township without an encroachment permit.
(2) 
Application for an encroachment permit shall be submitted to the Planning Board. The Environmental Commission shall review the application and notify the Planning Board of its recommendations. The Planning Board shall grant or deny a permit within 30 days of receipt, failing in which the Code Enforcement Officer may grant or deny a permit without further delay. The permit application must contain, at minimum, the following information: location of the proposed encroachment; description of the proposed encroachment, including a plot plan; a purpose of proposed encroachment; and the appropriate fee. Applications will duplicate the New Jersey State permit application if one is required.
[Added 12-7-1982 by Ord. No. 710]
Professional offices are permitted as a conditional use on lots fronting on Route 9 and Route 30 where not otherwise a permitted use, subject to the following conditions and standards. It is the intent of this section to allow professional offices where compatible with the traditional rural 19th Century residential character of many existing buildings in such areas and to encourage the restoration and continued use of existing older buildings in such areas. Any such conditional use shall comply with the following conditions and standards:
A. 
All such offices shall maintain a residential appearance compatible in exterior building design and in site design with the traditional rural 19th Century residential character of many existing buildings along Route 9 and Route 30.
B. 
A minimum lot area of 15,000 square feet, maximum building coverage of 30% and minimum open space of 50% shall be required.
[Amended 6-12-2007 by Ord. No. 1705]
C. 
A twenty-foot minimum natural or landscaped buffer shall be provided to adequately separate and screen any such professional office from adjoining uses. A landscaping plan prepared by a landscape architect or qualified professional engineer or planner shall be submitted and approved by the Board.
D. 
Where practical, ingress and egress shall not be directly from Route 9 or Route 30 but shall instead be from an adjoining street.
E. 
All parking shall be located to the rear or side of the site and adequately buffered so as to maintain the residential appearance of the site.
F. 
Signs are permitted in accordance with the following:
[Amended 6-12-2007 by Ord. No. 1705]
(1) 
One freestanding sign and one wall sign per tenant is permitted.
(2) 
The maximum sign area for a freestanding sign shall not exceed 40 square feet. No freestanding sign shall exceed eight feet in height. All freestanding signs shall be located outside any required sight triangle and shall be set back a minimum of 14 feet from the front property line.
(3) 
The maximum area for a single wall sign shall not exceed 24 square feet.
(4) 
Wall signs shall be proportional to the architectural features of the building. All wall signs shall be designed to complement the architectural features, and a unified color scheme shall be used for all tenants. Wall signs shall not be placed on the roof.
(5) 
Signs shall not be internally lit, and neon material shall not be permitted. All signs shall be consistent with the building design, and a unified color scheme shall be used.
(6) 
All signs should be located within landscaped islands to further enhance the residential character of the area.
(7) 
All other provisions of § 233-10 that are not inconsistent with the above shall be applicable.
G. 
As a condition of the approval of the use of a site as a professional office, the Board may limit the number of employees and/or the gross floor area used when necessary to ensure compatibility of the use.
H. 
The application shall comply with all other applicable zoning and site plan requirements to the extent not inconsistent herewith.
[Added 9-18-1984 by Ord. No. 774; amended 10-27-1987 by Ord. No. 878]
Neighborhood commercial uses are permitted as a conditional use on lots fronting on Route 9, except in CV or floodplain zones, where not otherwise a permitted use. Such commercial uses may include gas stations, eating and drinking establishments and other uses which are shown to meet neighborhood needs. It is the intent of this section to allow neighborhood commercial uses, where compatible with a traditional rural residential character of many existing buildings in such areas, and to encourage the restoration and continued use of the existing older buildings in such areas. Any such conditional use shall comply with the following terms and conditions:
A. 
All such uses shall maintain a residential appearance compatible in exterior design and site design with the traditional rural residential character of many existing buildings along Route 9.
B. 
A minimum lot area of 35,000 square feet, maximum building coverage of 30% and minimum open space of 50% shall be required.
[Amended 6-12-2007 by Ord. No. 1705]
C. 
A twenty-five-foot natural or landscaped buffer may be required to adequately separate and completely screen any such use from adjoining uses. A landscaping plan, prepared by a landscape architect or qualified professional engineer or planner, may be required and approved by the Planning Board. A wire buffer may be required to screen neighborhood uses.
D. 
Where practical, ingress and egress shall not be directly from Route 9, but from an adjoining street. Any application for such use shall estimate traffic generation and show that no undue traffic congestion shall result.
E. 
Where practical, all parking shall be located to the rear or side of the site and adequately buffered to maintain the residential appearance.
F. 
Signs are permitted in accordance with the following:
[Amended 6-12-2007 by Ord. No. 1705]
(1) 
One freestanding sign and one wall sign per tenant is permitted.
(2) 
The maximum sign area for a freestanding sign shall not exceed 40 square feet. No freestanding sign shall exceed eight feet in height. All freestanding signs shall be located outside any required sight triangle and shall be set back a minimum of 14 feet from the front property line.
(3) 
The maximum area for a single wall sign shall not exceed 24 square feet.
(4) 
Wall signs shall be proportional to the architectural features of the building. All wall signs shall be designed to complement the architectural features, and a unified color scheme shall be used for all tenants. Wall signs shall not be placed on the roof.
(5) 
Signs shall not be internally lit, and neon material shall not be permitted. All signs shall be consistent with the building design, and a unified color scheme shall be used.
(6) 
All signs should be located within landscaped islands to further enhance the residential character of the area.
(7) 
All other provisions of § 233-10 that are not inconsistent with the above shall be applicable.
G. 
Notwithstanding the maximum building coverage permitted, no single building shall exceed 10,000 square feet. Architectural plans and elevations shall be submitted for all developments demonstrating how the building design will be consistent with the neighborhood. The buildings should include typical residential features such as siding, sloped roofs, dormers and other similar features.
[Amended 6-12-2007 by Ord. No. 1705]
H. 
The application shall comply with all other applicable zoning and site plan requirements to the extent not inconsistent herewith.
I. 
Notice of hearing for any such applications shall be given to all property owners within 200 feet of the proposed use in the same manner as for any request for a variance.
[Added 8-25-1987 by Ord. No. 873]
To provide housing opportunity for low- and moderate-income families and individuals, existing single-family dwellings may be rehabilitated or expanded to provide one additional dwelling unit subject to Planning Board review and the following conditions and standards:
A. 
Any dwelling so expanded or rehabilitated shall retain its single-family character.
B. 
The accessory unit shall be subject to affordability controls pursuant to § 233-59G.
C. 
Any construction shall meet requirements of all applicable housing and construction codes.
D. 
All lot size and bulk requirements of the specific zone shall be met. Unsewered areas shall meet lot size requirements of 35,000 square feet for the existing dwelling, plus an additional 5,000 square feet for each bedroom in the accessory unit. One additional parking space shall be provided for the accessory unit.
E. 
In the Pinelands Area, applicable water quality standards shall be met for any accessory dwelling unit.
F. 
The following conditions shall apply to any such accessory units:
(1) 
The existing dwelling shall be owner-occupied and in existence prior to this Code amendment.
(2) 
Any accessory unit shall not exceed 700 square feet or 25% of the total housing unit area and shall be located on the first floor.
(3) 
The number of accessory units under this provision shall not exceed a total of 30 units throughout the Township in accordance with the Township's Fair Share Plan.
[Added 7-23-2013 by Ord. No. 1870]
In any district a single-family residential structure may be reconstructed or repaired if deemed completely destroyed in accordance with the following conditions:
A. 
The property contains a preexisting nonconforming single-family dwelling unit and is located in a zone which does not permit single-family residential units.
B. 
The single-family dwelling unit was determined to be completely destroyed such that the structure was damaged by more than 75%.
C. 
The reconstruction or repair of the single-family structure must maintain the minimum setbacks of the original building if they are nonconforming to the zoning standards.
[Amended 7-14-2015 by Ord. No. 1913-2015]
D. 
The single-family dwelling unit may be relocated in order to conform to the zoning district standards of the zone in which the structure is located, upon approval of the Planning Board, so that the dwelling unit is more conforming to the zoning district bulk requirements.
E. 
The footprint of the single-family dwelling unit shall not be increased by more than 10% without approval from the Zoning Board of Adjustments.
[Amended 7-14-2015 by Ord. No. 1913-2015]
[Added 12-22-1987 by Ord. No. 882]
Unless otherwise provided in this chapter, any nonresidential use, excluding public and quasi-public uses, when located on a lot or parcel of land adjacent to a residential district, shall conform to the following buffer requirements:
A. 
A one-hundred-foot-wide buffer shall be provided. No buildings or structures shall be permitted within the buffer area.
B. 
Parking may be permitted within the buffer area, provided that it does not penetrate more than 50% into the width of the buffer area and does not take up more than 30% of the length of the buffer.
C. 
To the maximum extent practical, natural vegetation shall be retained within the buffer area and clearing shall be avoided. In addition to the natural vegetation, where necessary, an evergreen screen of plantings shall be included so as to visibly separate and screen the nonresidential use from the residential district and to minimize such impacts as noise, lights, dust and movement of people and vehicles. As necessary, based upon the particular conditions of the site and the proposed use, the Board may require that the vegetated buffer be supplemented by berming and fencing so as to provide an adequate buffer.
[Added 6-22-1993 by Ord. No. 1127; amended 4-24-2001 by Ord. No. 1452; 5-14-2002 by Ord. No. 1502; 6-12-2007 by Ord. No. 1705]
Professional offices are permitted as a conditional use on lots fronting on Jimmie Leeds Road and Pomona Road between Langley and Jimmie Leeds Road; and along Pitney Road between Jimmie Leeds Road and Great Creek Road where not otherwise a permitted use, subject to the following conditions and standards. It is the intent of this section to allow professional offices where compatible with the traditional rural residential character of many existing buildings in such areas and to encourage careful design maintaining the character of the area. Traffic safety and access along Jimmie Leeds Road, Pomona Road and Pitney Road must be carefully scrutinized to ensure adequate circulation. Established single-family homes should be protected from impacts associated with lighting, noise and similar interference. Any such conditional use shall comply with the following conditions and standards:
A. 
All such offices shall maintain a residential appearance compatible in exterior building design and in site design with the traditional rural residential character of many existing buildings along Jimmie Leeds Road, Pomona Road and Pitney Road.
B. 
A lot shall comply with the following area, space and yard requirements unless more restrictive regulations are required in the base district, wherein the base district regulations shall apply:
(1) 
Minimum lot area of 35,000 square feet.
(2) 
Minimum lot width of 150 feet.
(3) 
Minimum front yard setback of 40 feet.
(4) 
Minimum side yard setback of 30 feet.
(5) 
Minimum rear yard setback of 25 feet.
(6) 
Maximum building coverage of 30%.
(7) 
Maximum impervious coverage of 50%.
C. 
A twenty-foot-minimum natural or landscaped buffer shall be provided to adequately separate and screen any such professional office from adjoining residential uses. A landscaping plan prepared by a landscape architect or qualified professional architect, surveyor, engineer or planner shall be submitted and approved by the Board. A buffer shall consist of any combination of existing trees and shrubs, new landscaping materials, berms, walls and fences.
D. 
Ingress and egress shall be directly from Jimmie Leeds Road, Pomona Road or Pitney Road and shall not be from an adjoining street.
E. 
For lots fronting on Jimmie Leeds Road, all parking shall be located to the rear or side of the site and adequately buffered so as to maintain the residential appearance of the site. For lots fronting on Pomona Road and Pitney Road, all parking shall be located in front of the building so as to maintain the residential character of the rear yard. All parking areas shall be screened with landscaping.
F. 
Signs are permitted in accordance with the following:
(1) 
One freestanding sign and one wall sign per tenant is permitted.
(2) 
The maximum sign area for a freestanding sign shall not exceed 40 square feet. No freestanding sign shall exceed eight feet in height. All freestanding signs shall be located outside any required sight triangle and shall be set back a minimum of 14 feet from the front property line.
(3) 
The maximum area for a single wall sign shall not exceed 24 square feet.
(4) 
Wall signs shall be proportional to the architectural features of the building. All wall signs shall be designed to complement the architectural features, and a unified color scheme shall be used for all tenants. Wall signs shall not be placed on the roof.
(5) 
Signs shall not be internally lit, and neon material shall not be permitted. All signs shall be consistent with the building design, and a unified color scheme shall be used.
(6) 
All signs should be located within landscaped islands to further enhance the residential character of the area.
(7) 
All other provisions of § 233-10 that are not inconsistent with the above shall be applicable.
G. 
Notwithstanding the maximum building coverage permitted, no single building shall exceed 10,000 square feet. Architectural plans and elevations shall be submitted for all developments demonstrating how the building design will be consistent with the neighborhood. The buildings should include typical residential features such as siding, sloped roofs, dormers and other similar features.
H. 
The applicant shall comply with all other applicable zoning and site plan requirements to the extent not inconsistent herewith.
I. 
Notice of a hearing for any such applications shall be given to all property owners within 200 feet of the proposed use in the same manner as for any request for a variance.
[Added 1-22-2002 by Ord. No. 1492]
A. 
Permitted as conditional uses in nonresidential zones.
(1) 
Wireless telecommunications towers and antennas.
(a) 
Subject to the conditions set forth in this section to Article V, § 233-35, Application for conditional use approval, except as otherwise provided below, new wireless telecommunications towers and antennas shall be permitted as conditional uses in zones designated as Conservation District (CV), Planned Community Commercial District (CC), Conditional Industrial District, Community Village Commercial District (CVC) and Commercial-Highway District (CH) within Galloway Township outside of the Pinelands area, on quasi-public and municipally owned properties and municipally owned water towers.
(b) 
Wireless telecommunications towers and antennas shall be permitted as conditional uses in those areas authorized by the Pinelands Commission under the comprehensive plan for wireless communications facilities in the Pinelands (approved by the Pinelands Commission on September 11, 1998), and the P.C.S. Phone Facilities Plan (approved by the Pinelands Commission on January 14, 2000).
(2) 
Cell towers may be permitted as a conditional use in a residential zone if the cell tower that is the subject of the application is an existing cell tower (collocation applicant) or if the applicant is proposing to locate the cell tower at one of the preferred locations designated in Subsection D(2)(a) through and including D(2)(d). The exercise of any approval granted under this section shall be consistent with the overall zoning and planning objectives of the Galloway Township Zoning Regulations, the Municipal Land Use Law (MLUL)[1] and the Galloway Master Plan in effect at the time the original application is filed with the Planning or Zoning Board.
[1]
Editor's Note: See N.J.S.A. 40:55D-1 et seq.
B. 
Definitions. As used in this section, the following terms shall have the meanings indicated:
ALTERNATIVE TOWER STRUCTURE
Man-made trees, clock towers, bell steeples, flagpoles and similar alternative-design mounting structures that camouflage or conceal the presence of antennas or towers.
ANCILLARY FACILITIES
The buildings, cabinets, vaults, closures and equipment required for operation of telecommunications systems, including but not limited to repeaters, equipment housing and ventilation and other mechanical equipment.
ANTENNA
Any exterior apparatus designed for telephonic, radio or television communications through the sending and/or receiving of electromagnetic waves, digital signals, analog signals, radio frequencies (excluding radar signals), wireless telecommunications signals or other communication signals. Parabolic dish antennas used for satellite communications shall not be included within this definition.
BACKHAUL NETWORK
The lines that connect a provider's towers/cell sites to one or more cellular telephone switching offices, and/or long distance providers, or the public switched telephone network.
BUFFER AREA
The area surrounding a telecommunications tower and ancillary facilities which lies between the tower and adjacent lot line and/or land uses.
CARRIER
A company that provides wireless services.
COLLOCATION
When two or more receiving and/or transmitting facilities are placed together in the same location or on the same antenna support structure.
FAA
The Federal Aviation Administration.
FCC
The Federal Communications Commission.
FALL ZONE
The area on the ground within a prescribed radius from the base of a wireless telecommunications tower. The fall zone is the area within which there is a potential hazard from falling debris (such as ice) or collapsing material.
FUNCTIONALLY EQUIVALENT SERVICES
Cellular radio, personal communication service (PCS), enhanced specialized mobile radio, specialized mobile radio and paging, commercial land mobile radio and additional emerging technologies.
GUYED TOWER
Tower, which is supported or braced through the use of cables (guy wires) which are permanently anchored.
HEIGHT
When referring to a tower, the vertical distance measured from the lowest finished grade at the base of the tower, even if said highest point on the tower to the highest point is an antenna.
LATTICE TOWER
A type of mount that is self-supporting with multiple legs and cross-bracing of structural steel.
MONOPOLE
The type of tower that is self-supporting with a single shaft of wood, steel or concrete and a platform (or racks) for panel antennas arrayed at the top.
MOUNT 
The structure or surface upon which antennas are mounted, including the following four types of mounts:
(1) 
Mounted on the roof of a building.
(2) 
Mounted on the side of a building.
(3) 
Antenna support (tower) mounted on the ground.
(4) 
Mounted on a structure other than a building.
PERSONAL WIRELESS SERVICE FACILITY
A facility for the provision of personal wireless services, as defined by the Telecommunications Act of 1996.
PREEXISTING TOWERS AND PREEXISTING ANTENNAS
Any tower or antenna for which a building permit has been properly issued prior to the effective date of this section, including permitted towers or antennas that have been approved but have not yet been constructed so long as such approval is current and not expired.
RADIO FREQUENCY (RF) ENGINEER
An engineer specializing in electrical or microwave engineering, especially the study of radio frequencies.
RADIO FREQUENCY RADIATION (RFR)
Emissions from personal wireless service facilities or any electromagnetic energy within the frequency range from 0.003 MHZ to 300,000 MHZ.
STEALTH DESIGN
A telecommunications facility that is designed or located in such a way that the facility is not readily recognizable as telecommunications equipment (see "alternative tower structure").
TELECOMMUNICATIONS FACILITY
A facility designed and used for the purpose of transmitting, receiving and relaying voice and data signals from various wireless communications devices, including transmission towers, antennas and ancillary facilities. For purposes of this section, amateur radio transmission facilities used exclusively for the transmission of television and radio broadcast are not "telecommunications facilities."
TELECOMMUNICATIONS OR TRANSMISSION TOWER
The monopole or lattice framework designed to support transmitting and receiving antennas. For purposes of this section, amateur radio transmission facilities and facilities used exclusively for the transmission of television and radio signals are not "transmission towers."
WIRELESS COMMUNICATIONS
Any personal wireless services as defined in the Federal Telecommunications Act of 1996 which includes FCC licensed commercial wireless telecommunications services, including cellular, personal communication services (PCS), specialized mobile radio (SMR), enhanced specialized mobile radio (ESMR), paging and similar services that currently exist or that may in the future be developed. It does not include any amateur radio facility that is owned and operated by a federally licensed amateur radio station operator or is used exclusively for receive-only antennas, nor does it include noncellular telephone service.
C. 
Preexisting towers and antennas. Wireless telecommunications towers that existed on the date of the adoption of this section (nonconforming wireless telecommunications towers) are subject to the following provisions:
(1) 
Nonconforming wireless telecommunications towers may continue in use for the purpose now used, but may not be expanded (i.e., by increasing size or height or by adding additional users) without complying with this section.
(2) 
Nonconforming wireless telecommunications towers which are partially damaged or destroyed due to any reason or cause may be repaired and restored to their former use, location and physical dimensions subject to obtaining a building permit therefor, but without otherwise complying with this section. However, should the destruction or damage be determined by the Galloway Township Zoning Board to be of such an extent that it is beyond the scope and intent of the "partial destruction" clause of N.J.S.A. 40:55D-68, then repair or restoration will require compliance with this section.
(3) 
The owner of any nonconforming wireless telecommunications tower may repair, rebuild and/or upgrade (but not expand such telecommunications tower or increase its height or reduce the setbacks) in order to improve the structural integrity of the facility, to allow the facility to accommodate collocated antennas or facilities or to upgrade the facilities to current engineering, technological or communications standards without having to conform to the provisions of this section.
D. 
General requirements for towers and antennas.
(1) 
All local communications facilities subject to the provisions herein located within the Pinelands Area must meet the standards of the N.J.A.C. 7:50-5.4 of the Pinelands Comprehensive Management Plan and any comprehensive plan for such facilities approved by the Pinelands Commission in accordance with N.J.A.C. 7:50-5.4(c)6.
(2) 
Locational priority. If needed in accordance with an overall comprehensive plan for the provision of full wireless telecommunications services within the Galloway Township area, wireless telecommunications towers, where permitted as a conditional use in accordance with Subsection A(1) and (2) above, shall be located in accordance with the following locations:
(a) 
Existing towers. The first priority location shall be collocation on existing telecommunications towers used for transmitting or receiving analog, digital, microwave, cellular, telephone, personal wireless service or similar forms of an electronic communication; provided, however, that locations which meet this criteria shall be subject to the design and citing components of this section, and collocation sites shall not become "antenna farms" or otherwise be deemed by the land use board to be visually obtrusive.
(b) 
Publicly used structures. The second priority location shall be on land or structures owned by, in order of specific preference, Galloway Township; the Board of Education of the Galloway Township; the County of Atlantic; the State of New Jersey; any other state, county or local governmental agencies or bodies. These publicly used structures are preferred locations throughout the Township because they appear in many zoning districts, are disbursed throughout the Township and, due to their institutional or infrastructure uses, are generally similar in appearance to, or readily adaptable for, telecommunications facilities. Therefore, telecommunications facilities should be less noticeable when placed on publicly used structures than when placed on a commercial or residential structure. Publicly used structures include, but are not limited to, facilities such as municipal buildings, police or fire stations, schools, libraries, community centers, civic centers, utility structures, water towers, elevated roadways, bridges, flagpoles, clock or bell towers and light poles.
(c) 
The third priority location shall be wholly industrial and commercial structures such as warehouses, factories, retail outlets, supermarkets, banks, garages or service stations, particularly where existing visual obstructions or clutter on the roof or along a roofline can and will be removed as part of the installation of the telecommunications facility.
(d) 
The fourth priority location shall be such locations as the applicant proves are essential to provide required service to the Galloway Township area.
(3) 
The total number of local communications facilities in the municipality shall be the minimum necessary to provide adequate service. As such, no application for construction of a local communications facility shall be approved until the applicant has demonstrated that there is a need for the facility and that there is no such existing, suitable facility within the service area that could be utilized. Citation in a certified plan by the Pinelands Commission shall be evidence of the general need in the areas but not as to a specific site.
(4) 
No application for construction of a new local communications facility tower in the Pinelands Area shall be considered unless the comprehensive plan governing such facilities has been approved by the Pinelands Commission.
(5) 
Within the Pinelands Area, all new local communications facility towers shall be located within the area consistent with the service need for the facility, but in no case beyond a five-mile radius of the area specified in the comprehensive plan. The applicant will initially determine and demonstrate a technically feasible search area within this radius.
(6) 
If the search area crosses the boundaries of the Pinelands Area or its management areas, the applicant shall seek to site the facility in accordance with the Pinelands Commission's hierarchical policy for the specific siting of local communications facilities. This policy requires the following order of preferences:
(a) 
Outside the Pinelands, and in accord with the locational priorities established in Subsection D(2) above.
(b) 
Pinelands regional growth areas, Pinelands towns and developed portions of military and federal installation areas.
(c) 
Pinelands rural development areas, agricultural production areas, undeveloped portions of military and federal installation areas and Pinelands villages other than those expressly identified in N.J.A.C. 7:50-5.4(c)6.
(d) 
Pinelands Preservation Area District special agricultural production areas, forest areas and the Pinelands Villages expressly identified in N.J.A.C. 7:50-5.4(c)6, provided that the resulting site does not cause an increase in the number of new towers identified in a comprehensive plan approved by the Pinelands Commission for this management area group.
(7) 
Within the Pineland Preservation District and any residential zone (or mixed residential zone, unless otherwise specified), new local communications facility towers which have been authorized through the Pinelands Commission's approval of a comprehensive plan shall only be sited in one of the following areas:
(a) 
On developed publicly owned lands within 500 feet of an existing structure, provided that the facility will be located on previously disturbed lands that have not subsequently been restored and that no facility will be located on state, county or municipal conservation lands, state recreation lands or county and municipal lands used for low-intensity recreational purposes.
(b) 
On the parcel of an approved resource extraction operation, provided that the facility will be located on previously disturbed lands that have not subsequently been restored.
(c) 
On the parcel of an existing first aid or fire station.
(d) 
On the parcel of an existing landfill, provided that the facility will be located on previously disturbed lands that have not subsequently been restored.
(e) 
In the event that more than one of the sites listed in Subsection D(7)(a) through (d) above exists within an area authorized for a new local communications facility tower, the applicant shall be required to address how such sites relate to the locational priorities in Subsection D(2) above.
(8) 
Local communications facilities shall be located in accordance with the visual standards of N.J.A.C. 7:50-5.4(c)4ii-v to the extent feasible and consistent with other provisions contained herein. These standards require that:
(a) 
Such facilities minimize visual impacts as viewed from publicly dedicated roads and highways and from other areas frequented by the public by, in order of decreasing priority:
[1] 
Avoiding, to the maximum extent practicable, any direct line of sight from low-intensive recreation facilities and campgrounds.
[2] 
Minimizing the length of time that an antenna structure is visible from publicly dedicated roads and highways.
(b) 
Such facilities minimize visual impacts as viewed from existing residential dwellings located on contiguous parcels through adherence to the buffer and setback requirements established elsewhere in this section.
(9) 
Additionally, if multiple sites for new towers that meet all other qualifications are available, the site with the least visual impact should be selected; if only a single qualifying site is available, the best location on the site that meets all other standards must be used.
(10) 
Design and construction.
(a) 
The design and construction of a new local communications facility towers shall adhere to the provisions of N.J.A.C. 7:50-6.103 to 6.105 regarding setbacks from scenic corridors and in environmentally sensitive areas.
(b) 
Towers shall either maintain a galvanized steel finish or, subject to any applicable standards of the FAA, be painted a neutral color so as to reduce visual obstructiveness.
(c) 
At a tower site, the design of the buildings and related structures shall, to the extent possible, use material, colors, textures, screening and landscaping that will blend them into the natural setting and surrounding buildings.
E. 
Collocation policy.
(1) 
Prior to any collocation on any cell tower, the applicant shall first provide the Township with the right of first refusal for the installation of equipment necessary to the functioning of the Township's telecommunications network.
(2) 
Each applicant for a new telecommunications tower shall present documentary evidence regarding the need for wireless antennas within the Galloway Township. This information shall identify the wireless network layout and coverage areas to demonstrate the need for such equipment within this Township.
(3) 
An applicant proposing to erect a new wireless telecommunications tower shall provide documentary evidence that a legitimate attempt has been made to locate the antennas on existing buildings or structures or collocations sites. Such evidence shall include a radio frequency engineering analysis of the potential suitability of existing buildings or structures or collocation sites in the search area for such antennas. Efforts to secure such locations shall be documented through correspondence between the wireless telecommunications provider and the property owner(s) of the existing building or structures or collocation sites. The Township reserves the right to engage a professional radio frequency engineer to review such documentation, the cost of which engineer shall be paid from escrow funds supplied by the applicant.
(4) 
Applicants proposing to construct new telecommunications towers shall document the locations of all existing telecommunications towers within the Galloway Township and surrounding areas with coverage in the Township, as well as any changes proposed within the following twelve-month period, including plans for new locations or the discontinuance or relocation of existing facilities. Applicants shall provide competent testimony by a radio frequency engineer regarding the suitability of potential locations in light of the design of the wireless telecommunications network. Where a suitable location on an existing tower is found to exist, but an applicant is unable to secure an agreement to collocate its equipment on such tower, the applicant shall provide written evidence of correspondence with the owner of such tower verifying that suitable space is not available on the existing tower(s). Where an applicant seeking to construct a new tower is not a wireless service provider, the applicant shall prove that adequate wireless telecommunications services, sufficient to meet the requirements of the Federal Telecommunications Act of 1996, as amended, (hereinafter "FTA") cannot be provided without the proposed tower.
F. 
Site location alternative analysis. Each application shall include a site location alternative analysis describing the location of other sites considered, the availability of those sites, the extent to which other sites do or do not meet the provider's service or engineering needs and the reason why the subject site was chosen. The analysis shall address the following issues:
(1) 
How the proposed location of the telecommunications tower relates to the objective of providing full wireless communications services within the Galloway Township area.
(2) 
How the proposed location of the proposed telecommunications tower relates to the location of any existing antennas within and near the Galloway Township area.
(3) 
How the proposed location of the proposed telecommunications tower relates to the anticipated need for additional antennas within and near the Galloway Township area by the applicant and by other providers of wireless communications services within the Galloway Township area.
(4) 
How the proposed location of the proposed telecommunications tower relates to the objective of collocating the antennas of many different providers of wireless communications services on the same wireless telecommunications tower.
(5) 
How its plans specifically relate to, and are coordinated with, the needs of all other providers of wireless communications service within the Galloway Township area.
G. 
State or federal requirement. All towers must meet or exceed current standards and regulations of the FAA, the FCC and any other agency of the state or federal government with the authority to regulate towers and antennas. If such standards and regulations are changed, the owners of the towers and antennas governed by this section shall bring such towers and antennas into compliance with such revised standards and regulations within six months of the effective date of such standards and regulations, unless a different compliance schedule is mandated by the controlling state or federal agency, in which case the latter scheduling will control. Failure to bring towers and antennas into compliance with such revised standards and regulations shall constitute grounds for the removal of the tower or antenna at the owner's expense.
H. 
Safety standards/building codes. To ensure the structural integrity of towers, the owner of a telecommunications facility shall ensure that it is maintained in compliance with standards contained in applicable local building codes and the applicable standards for such telecommunications facilities, as amended from time to time and as may be published by the Electronics Industries Association, or such other agency or association having expertise in the field. Owners of towers shall conduct periodic inspections of such facilities at least once every year to ensure structural integrity, said inspection shall be conducted by a qualified, independent engineer licensed to practice in the State of New Jersey, and the results of such inspection shall be provided, by way of written report, to the Township Council of the Galloway Township. Failure to undertake such inspection and/or provide the Township with the aforementioned report shall constitute grounds for the removal of the tower or antenna at the owner's expense.
I. 
Tower setbacks. The following setback requirements shall apply to all telecommunications towers and antennas; provided, however, that the Planning Board may reduce the standard setback requirements of this section if the goals of this section would be better served thereby; and, in the event any of the following provisions conflict with one another, then the more strenuous and stringent standards shall apply:
(1) 
Towers shall meet the setbacks of the underlying zoning district or 100% of the height of the tower including all antennas and attachments, whichever is greater, and the tower does not encroach upon any easements unless the applicant can demonstrate that a tower failure will have a lesser impact on the surrounding area.
(2) 
A fall zone shall be established such that the tower is set back 100% of the height of the tower, including all antennas and attachments, from any adjoining lot line, right-of-way line, areas used for public access or nonappurtenant access or building, unless the applicant can demonstrate that a tower failure will have a lesser impact on the surrounding area.
(3) 
Towers shall be set back from the planned public rights-of-way as shown on the most recently adopted Master Street Plan of the Township by a minimum distance equal to 1.5 of the height of the tower, including all antennas and attachments.
(4) 
Towers shall not be located between a principal structure and a public street, with the following exceptions:
(a) 
In industrial zoning districts, towers may be placed within a side yard abutting an internal industrial street; and
(b) 
On sites adjacent to public streets on all sides, towers may be placed within a side yard abutting a local street.
(5) 
Towers must be set back a distance equal to 1.5 times the height of the tower from any off-site residential structure.
(6) 
For antennas attached to the roof or a supporting structure on a rooftop, a one-to-one setback ratio (example: ten-foot high antenna and supporting structure requires ten-foot setback from edge of roof) shall be maintained unless an alternative placement is shown to reduce visual impact.
(7) 
A tower's setback may be reduced, or its location in relation to the public street varied, at the discretion of the Board, to allow the integration of a tower into an existing or proposed structure, such as a church steeple, light standard, tower line support device or similar structure.
J. 
Lot size. For purposes of determining whether the installation of a tower or antenna complies with district development regulations, including but not limited to setback requirements, lot coverage requirements and such other requirements, the dimensions of the entire lot shall control, even though the antennas or towers may be located only on a portion of such lots.
K. 
Abandonment and removal.
(1) 
Abandonment. Any telecommunications tower and equipment which are not operated for wireless communications purposes for a continuous period of six months shall be considered abandoned, whether or not the owner or operator intends to make use of it or any part of it, and shall be removed by the facility owner at its costs. The owner of a telecommunications tower and the owner of the property where the facility is located shall be under a duty to remove the abandoned telecommunications tower. If such antenna and/or tower is not removed within 60 days of receipt of notice from the Township notifying the owner of such abandonment, the Township may remove such tower and/or antenna as set forth below.
(a) 
If the owner of an abandoned tower or antenna wishes to use such abandoned tower or antenna, the owner must first apply for and receive all applicable permits and meet all of the conditions of this section as if such tower or antenna was a new tower or antenna.
(2) 
Removal. When an owner of a telecommunications tower and antenna, who has been notified to remove same, fails to do so within 60 days of receipt of notice from the Township notifying the owner and/or operator of such abandonment and the need to remove same, then the Township may remove such tower and/or antenna and place a lien upon the property for the cost of removal. If removed by the owner, a demolition permit shall be obtained and the facility shall be removed. Upon removal, the site shall be cleaned, restored and revegetated to blend with the existing surrounding vegetation at the time of abandonment. The facility owner shall post a bond at the time that a construction permit is issued for demolition to cover the cost of tower removal and site restoration. The amount of the bond shall have taken into consideration any cost escalation that may be reasonably anticipated.
(a) 
Any delays by the Township in taking action under this clause shall not in any way waive the Township's right to take action.
L. 
Principal accessory and joint uses.
(1) 
Accessory structures used in direct support of a telecommunications tower shall be allowed but not be used for offices, vehicle storage or other outdoor storage. Mobile or immobile equipment not used in direct support of a telecommunications facility shall not be stored or parked on the site of the telecommunications facility.
(2) 
Telecommunications towers may be located on sites containing another principal use in the same buildable area.
M. 
Monopole construction. Monopole tower construction shall be utilized in all cases except where it can be conclusively demonstrated that a monopole construction is not suitable for a specific location or application or that a different type pole is necessary for the collocation of additional antennas on the tower.
N. 
Additional submission requirements. A report from a qualified expert containing the following is required:
(1) 
A description of the tower and the technical and other reasons for the tower design and height, including cross sections and elevations.
(2) 
Documentation to establish that the tower has sufficient structural integrity for the proposed use at the proposed location and meets the minimum safety requirements and margins according to FCC requirements in their current adopted standards and revisions.
(3) 
Indicates the height above grade for all potential mounting positions for collocated antennas and the minimum separation distance between antennas.
(4) 
Description of the tower's capacity, including the number and type of antennas that it can accommodate.
(5) 
Statement detailing current FCC information concerning wireless telecommunications towers and radio frequency admission standards as well as information on the projected power density of the proposed facility and how it meets the FCC standards.
(6) 
A letter of commitment by the applicant to lease excess space on the tower to other potential users at prevailing rates and standard terms. The letter of commitment shall be recorded prior to the issuance of any building permits. The letter shall commit the tower owner and his successors in interest to this obligation.
O. 
Cessation of use. A copy of the relevant portions of a signed lease which requires the applicant to remove the tower and associated facilities upon cessation of operations of the site shall be submitted at the time of the application.
P. 
Visual impact study. A visual impact study, graphically simulating through models, computer-enhanced graphics or similar techniques the appearance of any proposed tower and indicating its view from at least five locations around and within one mile of the proposed wireless telecommunications tower where the wireless telecommunications tower will be most visible, shall be submitted. Aerial photographs of the impact area shall also be submitted.
Q. 
Design requirement. Telecommunications towers shall be a monopole design unless the Board determines that an alternative design would better blend into the surrounding environment or is necessary for the collocation of additional antennas on the tower.
R. 
Aesthetics. At a tower site, the design of the buildings and related structures shall, to the extent possible, use materials, colors, textures, screening and landscaping that will blend the tower and related facilities to the natural setting and built environment. The towers themselves shall be of a color appropriate to the tower's locational context so as to make it as unobtrusive as possible, unless otherwise required by the FAA. To the extent that any local communications facility or its supporting new tower extend above the height of the vegetation immediately surrounding it, they shall be painted in a light gray or light blue hue which blends with the sky.
S. 
Accessory utility buildings. All utility buildings and structures accessory to a tower shall be architecturally designed to blend in with the surrounding environment and shall meet the minimum setback requirements of the underlying zoning district. Ground-mounted equipment shall be screened from view by suitable vegetation, except where a design of nonvegetative screening buffer reflects and complements the architectural character of the surrounding neighborhood. A landscape plan shall be submitted for review of proposed screening.
T. 
Landscaping.
(1) 
Landscaping shall be provided along the perimeter of a security fence to provide a visual screen or buffer for adjoining private properties and the public right-of-way. Required front yard setbacks shall be landscaped. Existing on-site vegetation shall be preserved or improved, and disturbance of existing topography shall be minimized unless such disturbance would result in less visual impact of the site to the surrounding area. Any access road to the local communications facility shall be landscaped or be oriented in such a way as to preclude a direct view of the facility from a public venue.
(2) 
The following standards shall apply to clearing and landscaping for construction of new local communications facilities:
(a) 
Clearing of existing vegetation shall be the minimum necessary to allow for access to and operation of the facility.
(b) 
Tower facilities shall be landscaped with a buffer of plant materials that effectively screens the view of the tower compound from residential zones, recreational areas or public roadways in the following manner:
[1] 
One or more rows of evergreen trees, at least six feet in height when planted and capable of forming a visual barrier at least 15 feet in height within five years of planting.
[2] 
Adjacent to residential zones and recreational areas, an additional staggered row of deciduous trees no less than two-and-one-half-inch caliper shall be strategically planted around the tower compound.
[3] 
The screening shall be maintained and replaced as necessary while the facility is in service.
[4] 
Existing mature tree growth and natural land forms on the site shall be preserved to the maximum extent possible.
[5] 
Supplemental evergreen plantings shall be planted among mature tree growth to provide a visual barrier within five years of planting on sites with existing vegetation. In some cases, such as towers on large wooded lots, natural growth around the property perimeter may be a sufficient buffer.
U. 
Lighting. No lighting is permitted except as follows:
(1) 
Equipment buildings and compounds may have security and safety lighting at the entrance, provided that the light is attached to the facility, is focused downward and is on timing devices and/or sensors so that the light is turned off when not needed for safety or security purposes.
(2) 
No lighting is permitted on a wireless telecommunications tower except lighting that specifically is required by the FAA, and any such required lighting shall be focused and shielded to the greatest extent possible so as not to project towards adjacent and nearby properties.
V. 
Height. The antenna and any supporting structure shall not exceed 200 feet in height, but, if a lesser height, shall be designed so that its height can be increased to 200 feet if necessary to accommodate other local communications facilities in the future.
W. 
Signs and advertising. No advertising is permitted on a telecommunications tower or accompanying facilities. Only signs for warning or equipment information shall be permitted on any portion of a tower or equipment building.
X. 
Fencing and other security devices. Telecommunications towers and equipment buildings in compounds shall be surrounded with security features, including an appropriate anticlimbing device or other similar protective device to prevent unauthorized access to the telecommunications facilities; and shall be further surrounded with a security fence. Additional safety devices shall be permitted or required as needed, and as approved by the Board as may be necessary.
Y. 
Noise. No equipment shall be operated so as to produce noise in excess of limits set by Chapter 253, Noise, except in emergency situations requiring the use of a backup generator.
Z. 
Radio frequency emissions.
(1) 
The FTA gives the FCC sole jurisdiction over the field of regulation of radio frequency (RF) emission, and telecommunications towers that meet the FCC standards shall not be conditioned or denied on the basis of RF impacts. Applicants shall provide current FCC information concerning wireless telecommunications towers and radio frequency emissions standards. Applicants for telecommunications towers shall be required to provide information on the projected power density of the proposed facility and how this meets the FCC standards.
(2) 
At annual intervals from the date of the issuance of the conditional use permit, the applicant shall submit measurement of the noise and the RF emissions from the local communications facility. Such measurements shall be made by a qualified technician, which shall certify that the measurements are within applicable limits.
AA. 
Application requirements.
(1) 
Preapplication conference. Early consultation by applicants with municipal officials and representatives of the Pinelands Commission is encouraged so that all information necessary for an informed decision is submitted and delays are avoided. As such, prior to submission of a development application for approval of a local communications facility in accordance with this section, the applicant may request to convene with the appropriate board at a public meeting in order to discuss the proposed facility in general terms and to clarify the filing requirements. Upon receipt of a written request for a preapplication conference, the board will meet with the applicant at the next regularly scheduled meeting of the board for which adequate public notice can be provided. While there are no formal filing requirements for this conference, the applicant is encouraged to prepare sufficient preliminary architectural and engineering drawings to inform the board of the general location and likely scale and design of the facility. Failure to request such a conference will not prejudice any subsequent consideration of a formal application by the board.
(2) 
Site plan approval by the appropriate board shall be required before any new local communications facility may be erected. The following information shall be submitted to the appropriate board for its review:
(a) 
A scaled site plan clearly indicating the location (including street address and block/lot), type, method of construction and height of any proposed tower and any accessory structure(s); on-site land uses and zoning; contour lines at no greater than five-foot intervals AMSL; existing structures; land uses and zoning within 200 feet (including adjacent municipalities); any roads within 200 feet; proposed means of access; limits of clearing; and setbacks from property lines.
(b) 
Photos of the proposed site of the facility showing current conditions.
(c) 
The setback distance from the nearest structure.
(d) 
A map showing the location of all other local communications facility towers and other structures within the municipality as well as outside of the municipality within a five-mile radius. The applicant shall also identify the height and type of construction of all such structures.
(e) 
A landscape plan showing proposed landscaping.
(f) 
The location and type of fencing, if applicable, and the type, location, color and power of any illumination.
(g) 
An assessment of the suitability of the use of existing towers or other structures within the search area to accommodate the local communications facility in lieu of a tower, if a tower is proposed.
(h) 
An assessment of the suitability of the site to accommodate additional equipment sheds and similar needs of other wireless providers who may wish to collocate on the proposed facility.
(i) 
If the proposed facility would be located within the Pinelands Area, a notarized statement indicating that the applicant will abide by the provisions of Exhibit 13 Collocation Opportunities for Wireless Providers in the Pinelands contained in the Comprehensive Plan for Wireless Communication Facilities in the Pinelands approved by the Pinelands Commission on September 11, 1998.
(j) 
Written confirmation from any other wireless providers who have expressed a desire to collocate on the proposed facility (either by inclusion of the site in a Pinelands' certified plan or at any public meeting on the application) that the selected site meets their operational needs and space requirements for equipment sheds and the like.
(k) 
Evidence that all notice procedures have been filed and, if the proposed facility would be located within the Pinelands Area, a certificate of filing from the Pinelands Commission issued pursuant to N.J.A.C. 7:50-4:34.
(l) 
Computer simulation models, photographic juxtaposition or a similar technique shall be submitted in support of the application to show how the facility will appear on site and will be used by the appropriate board in determining conformance with the visual impact standards of this section. Such material will also aid in assessing the consistency of the application with N.J.A.C. 7:50-5.4.
(m) 
Information required for all other standards of the land development code.
(n) 
In the event that the collocation is found not to be feasible, a written statement of the reasons for the unfeasibility shall be submitted to the Township. The Township may retain a technical expert in the field of RF engineering to verify if collocation at the site is not feasible or is feasible given the design configuration most accommodating to the collocation, or that a new tower has less visual impact at an alternative site. The cost for such technical expert will be at the expense of the applicant.
[Added 2-11-2003 by Ord. No. 1521]
A. 
Definitions. For the purposes of this section, terms used shall be defined as follows:
DIRECT LIGHT
Light emitted directly from the lamp, off of the reflector or reflector diffuser or through the refractor or diffuser lens, of a luminaire.
FIXTURE
The assembly that houses the lamp or lamps and can include all or some of the following parts: a housing, a mounting bracket or pole socket, a lamp holder, a ballast, a reflector or mirror and/or a refractor or lens.
FLOOD or SPOTLIGHT
Any light fixture or lamp that incorporates a reflector or a refractor to concentrate the light output into a directed beam in a particular direction.
FOOTCANDLE
Unit of illuminance (brightness) equal to one lumen per square foot.
FULLY SHIELDED LIGHTS
Outdoor light fixtures shielded or constructed so that no light rays are emitted by the installed fixture at angles above the horizontal plane as certified by a photometric test report.
GLARE
Light emitting from a luminaire with an intensity great enough to reduce a viewer’s ability to see; any annoyance from high-angle lights emanating from a source.
GRANDFATHERED LUMINAIRES
Luminaires not conforming to this section that were in place at the time this section was voted into effect. When an ordinance “grandfathers” a luminaire, it means that such already existing outdoor lighting does not need to be changed unless a specific period is specified for adherence to the section.
HEIGHT Of LUMINAIRE
The vertical distance from the ground directly below the center line of the luminaire to the lowest direct-light-emitting part of the luminaire.
INDIRECT LIGHT
Direct light that has been reflected or has scattered off of other surfaces.
LAMP
The component of a luminaire that produces the actual light.
LIGHT TRESPASS
The shining of light produced by a luminaire beyond the boundaries of the property on which it is located.
LUMEN
A unit of luminous flux. One footcandle is one lumen per square foot. For the purposes of this section, the lumen-output values shall be the initial lumen output ratings of a lamp.
LUMINAIRE
This is a complete lighting system and includes a lamp or lamps and a fixture.
OUTDOOR LIGHTING
The nighttime illumination of an outside area or object by any man-made device located outdoors that produces light by any means.
TEMPORARY OUTDOOR LIGHTING
The specific illumination of an outside area or object by any man-made device located outdoors that produces light by any means for a period of less than seven days, with at least 180 days passing before being used again.
B. 
Regulations.
(1) 
All public and private outdoor lighting installed in the Township of Galloway shall be in conformance with the requirements established by this section. All previous language in Galloway Township bylaws and ordinances regarding outdoor lighting is replaced with this section.
(2) 
Control of glare; luminaire design factors (except in the Highway Commercial Zoning Districts).
(a) 
Any luminaire with a lamp or lamps rated at a total of more than 1,800 lumens, and all flood or spot luminaires with a lamp or lamps rated at a total of more than 900 lumens, shall not emit any direct light above a horizontal plane through the lowest direct-light-emitting part of the luminaire.
(b) 
Any luminaire with a lamp or lamps rate at a total of more than 1,800 lumens, and all flood or spot luminaires with a lamp or lamps rated at a total of more than 900 lumens, shall be mounted at a height equal to or less than the value 3 + (D/3), where D is the distance in feet to the nearest property boundary. The maximum height of the luminaire may not exceed 25 feet.
(3) 
Exceptions to control of glare.
(a) 
Any luminaire with a lamp or lamps rated at a total of 1,800 lumens or less, and all flood or spot luminaires with a lamp or lamps rated at 900 lumens or less, may be used without restriction to light distribution or mounting height, except that if any spot of flood luminaire rated 900 lumens or less is aimed, directed or focused such as to cause direct light from the luminaire to be directed toward residential buildings on adjacent or nearby land, or to create glare perceptible to persons operating motor vehicles on public ways, the luminaire shall be redirected or its light output controlled as necessary to eliminate such conditions.
(b) 
Luminaires used for public roadway illumination may be installed at a maximum height of 25 feet and may be positioned at that height up to the edge of any bordering property.
(c) 
All temporary emergency lighting needed by the Police or Fire Departments or other emergency or municipal services, as well as all vehicular luminaires, shall be exempt from the requirements of this section.
(d) 
All hazard warning luminaries required by federal regulatory agencies are exempt from the requirements of this section, except that all luminaires used must be red and must be shown to be as close as possible to the federally required minimum lumen output requirement for the specific task.
(e) 
Luminaires used primarily for sign illumination may be mounted at any height to a maximum of 25 feet, regardless of lumen rating.
(f) 
The illumination of the American flag is excluded from the provisions of this section and is expressly permitted.
(g) 
Law governing conflicts. Where any provision of federal, state, county or town statutes, codes, or laws conflicts with any provision of this section, the most restrictive shall govern unless otherwise regulated by law.
(4) 
Outdoor advertising signs.
(a) 
Top-mounted fixtures required. Lighting fixtures used to illuminate an outdoor advertising sign shall be mounted on the top of the sign structure when such lighting is greater than 100 watts per side. All such fixtures shall comply with the shielding requirements of Subsection B(2). Bottom-mounted outdoor advertising sign lighting shall not be used except in the Highway Commercial Zoning Districts or for lighting less than 100 watts.
(b) 
Outdoor advertising signs of the type constructed of translucent materials and wholly illuminated from within do not require shielding. Dark backgrounds with light lettering or symbols are preferred to minimize detrimental effects. In no event shall a sign be placed or illuminated so as to permit the illumination therefrom to be directed upon any adjacent right-of-way or public or private premises so as to cause glare that may constitute a nuisance or traffic hazard.
(c) 
Compliance limit. Existing outdoor advertising structures shall be grandfathered unless and until such sign is modified, moved or changed in a significant way. At such time, said sign shall be brought into compliance with these regulations.
(5) 
Recreational facilities. Any light source permitted by this section may be used for lighting of outdoor recreational facilities (public or private), such as, but not limited to, football fields, soccer fields, baseball fields, softball fields, tennis courts or show areas, provided all of the following conditions are met:
(a) 
All fixtures used for event lighting shall be designed to minimize uplighting, spill light and glare and may exceed 25 feet in height as necessary.
(6) 
Prohibitions.
(a) 
Laser source light. The use of laser source light or the operation of a searchlight or any similar high-intensity light for outdoor advertising or entertainment, when projected above the horizontal, is prohibited without written permission from the Township Manager.
(b) 
Flashing lights and signage. No flashing, pulsating, animated, moving or strobe-type lighting or signage that creates a hazard or public nuisance is permitted.
(7) 
Temporary outdoor lighting.
(a) 
Any temporary outdoor lighting that conforms to the requirements of this section shall be allowed. Nonconforming temporary outdoor lighting may be permitted by the Zoning Board of Adjustment after considering:
[1] 
The public and/or private benefits that will result from the temporary lighting;
[2] 
Any annoyance or safety problems that may result from the use of the temporary lighting; and
[3] 
The duration of the temporary nonconforming lighting.
(b) 
The applicant shall submit a detailed description of the proposed temporary nonconforming lighting to the Board of Adjustment, who shall consider the request at a duly called meeting of the Board of Adjustment. Prior notice of the meeting of the Board of Adjustment shall be given to the applicant. The Board of Adjustment shall render its decision on the temporary lighting request within two weeks of the date of the meeting. A failure by the Board of Adjustment to act on a request within the time allowed shall constitute a denial of the request.
C. 
Effective date and grandfathering of nonconfirming luminaires.
(1) 
This section shall take effect immediately upon approval by the Council of the Township of Galloway at a regularly scheduled meeting and shall supersede and replace all previous ordinances pertaining to outdoor lighting.
(2) 
All luminaires lawfully in place prior to the date of the section shall be grandfathered. However, any luminaire that replaces a grandfathered luminaire, or any grandfathered luminaire that is moved, must meet the standards of this section.
(3) 
Grandfathered luminaires that direct light toward streets or parking lots that cause disability glare to motorists or cyclists should be either shielded or redirected within 90 days of notification so that the luminaires do not cause a potential hazard to motorists or cyclists.
(4) 
Any applicant seeking any approvals from the Planning Board or Zoning Board of Adjustment or seeking a zoning or construction permit shall be required to replace or otherwise modify any nonconforming luminaries on the parcel of land to meet the requirements of this section.
D. 
New subdivision and site plan construction.
(1) 
Submission contents. The applicant for any permit required by any provision of the laws of this jurisdiction in connection with proposed work involving outdoor lighting fixtures shall submit (as part of the application for permit) evidence that the proposed work will comply with this section. The submission shall contain but shall not necessarily be limited to the following, all or part of which may be part or in addition to the information required elsewhere in the laws of this jurisdiction upon application for the required permit:
(a) 
Plans indicating the location on the premises and the type of illuminating devices, fixtures, lamps, supports, reflectors and other devices.
(b) 
Description of the illuminating devices, fixtures, lamps, supports, reflectors and other devices and the description may include, but is not limited to, catalog cuts by manufacturers and drawings (including sections where required).
(c) 
Photometric data, such as that furnished by manufacturers or similar, showing the angle of cutoff or light emissions.
(2) 
Additional submission. The above required plans, descriptions and data shall be sufficiently complete to enable the plan examiner to readily determine whether compliance with the requirements of this section will be secured. If such plans, descriptions and data cannot enable this ready determination by reason of the nature or configuration of the devices, fixtures or lamps proposed, the applicant shall additionally submit as evidence of compliance to enable such determination such certified reports of tests as will do so, provided that these tests shall have been performed and certified by a recognized testing laboratory.
(3) 
Subdivision plat certification. If any subdivision proposes to have installed street or other common or public area outdoor lighting, the final plat shall contain a statement certifying that the applicable provisions of the Township of Galloway outdoor lighting section will be adhered to.
(4) 
Lamp or fixture substitution. Should any outdoor light fixture, or the type of light source therein, be changed after the permit has been issued, a change request must be submitted to the Building Official for his approval, together with adequate information to assure compliance with this section, which must be received prior to substitution.
E. 
Development lighting standards.
(1) 
Streetlights. Streetlights shall be provided at all road intersections, street curves and culs-de-sac as deemed necessary by the approving authority for the protection of health, safety and welfare. The developer shall be responsible for the provision of streetlighting in accordance with § 233-48.
(2) 
Lighting for nonresidential uses. Outdoor lighting shall be provided on the building and in parking areas for security and safety purposes. A minimum illuminance of 1.5 footcandles shall be provided at intersections and 1.0 footcandles shall be provided for the entire parking area. Average illuminance shall not exceed 2.5 footcandles. Where a project site abuts a residential use or zoning district, the reviewing Board may waive the minimum parking area illuminance requirement to a minimum of 0.5 footcandles for the entire parking area. The amount of illumination projected onto a residential use from a nonresidential site shall not exceed 0.1 footcandles measured at the common property line.
F. 
Notification requirements.
(1) 
The Township of Galloway building permit shall include a statement asking whether the planned project will include any outdoor lighting.
(2) 
Within 30 days of the enactment of this section, the Building Department shall send a copy of the outdoor lighting section, with cover letter, to all local electricians and local electric utility, including at least those in the Towns of Absecon, Egg Harbor Township, Hamilton Township, Egg Harbor City, Port Republic and Mullica Township.
G. 
Violations, legal actions and penalties.
(1) 
Violation. It shall be a civil infraction for any person to violate any of the provisions of this section. Each and every day during which the violation continues shall constitute a separate offense.
(2) 
Violations and legal actions. If, after investigation, the Code Enforcement Officer finds that any provision of the section is being violated, he shall give notice by hand delivery or by certified mail, return receipt requested, of such violation to the owner and/or to the occupant of such premises, demanding that violation be abated within 30 days of the date of hand delivery or of the date of mailing of the notice. If the violation is not abated within the thirty-day period, the Code Enforcement Officer may institute actions and proceedings, either legal or equitable, to enjoin, restrain or abate any violations of this section and to collect the penalties for such violations.
(3) 
Penalties. A violation of this section, or any provision thereof, shall be punishable by a civil penalty of not less than $50 nor more than $1,000 for any individual (and not more than $10,000 for any corporation, association or other legal entity) for each violation. The imposition of a fine under this section shall not be suspended. Each day of violation after the expiration of the thirty-day period provided in Subsection G(2) shall constitute a separate offense for the purpose of calculating the civil penalty.
(4) 
Repealer. Sections 233-42B and 233-56E of the Galloway Township Land Management Code are hereby repealed. All other ordinances and parts of ordinances of Galloway Township heretofore adopted that are inconsistent with any of the terms and provisions of this section, including by description but not limitation, are hereby repealed to the extent of inconsistency.
(5) 
Severability. If the provisions of any section, subsection, paragraph, subdivision or clause of this section, or other ordinance enacted together with this section shall be judged invalid by a court of competent jurisdiction, such judgment shall not affect or invalidate the remainder of any section, subsection, paragraph, subdivision or clause of same and, to this end, the provisions of each section, subsection, paragraph, subdivision or clause of this section, and the ordinances reenacted together with this section, are hereby declared to be severable.