City of Rehoboth Beach, DE
Sussex County
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Table of Contents
Table of Contents
[HISTORY:[1] Adopted by the Commissioners of the City of Rehoboth Beach 6-19-2015 by Ord. No. 0615-01.[2] Amendments noted where applicable.]
[1]
Editor's Note: Former Ch. 206, Property Maintenance, which consisted of Art. I, Nuisances, adopted 11-8-1974 as Ch. 11, Art. 6, Div. 1, of the 1974 Code; Art. II, Weeds and Vegetation, adopted 11-8-1974 as Ch. 11, Art. 6, Div. 2, of the 1974 Code, as amended; Art. III, Sprinkling, adopted 11-8-1974 as Ch. 11, Sec. 11-83, of the 1974 Code, as amended; Art. IV, Abandoned Excavations, adopted 2-13-1976 by Ord. No. 276-1; and Art. V, General Penalty, adopted 3-13-1992 by Ord. No. 392-1, was repealed 9-17-2007 by Ord. No. 0907-02. See now Ch. 102, Building Construction.
[2]
Editor's Note: This ordinance also provided that it shall take effect immediately upon its adoption by a majority vote of the Commissioners of the City of Rehoboth Beach, excepting § 206-6 (Rental pool operation and maintenance), § 206-7 (Pool operation license), and § 206-8B and C (safety requirements), which shall be effective July 1, 2016.
The purpose of this chapter is to ensure that residential swimming pools are used and enjoyed in a responsible manner that protects the health, safety and well-being of all residents, guests and visitors within the City of Rehoboth Beach.
For the purposes of this chapter, the following terms, phrases, words, and their deviations shall have the meanings given herein. When not inconsistent with the context, words used in the present tense include the future, words in the plural number include the singular number, and words in the singular number include the plural number. The word "shall," as used herein, is mandatory and not merely directory.
DISCHARGE
The water used for pool maintenance operations, including but not limited to backwashing filters or cleaning filters, and includes water splashed out of the pool by users.
DRAINAGE
The water removed from a pool to empty or partially empty the pool or to control water level.
HOT TUB or SPA
A pool containing heated water which is not emptied after each use, has a maximum depth of four feet, is large enough for the immersion of at least one person and may have a high-velocity air and/or water jet system.
QUALIFIED POOL OPERATOR
An individual, that is at least 18 years old, that is responsible for the operation and maintenance of the pool water quality system and the associated infrastructure and who has successfully completed a pool operator training course recognized by the Delaware Division of Public Health.
SWIMMING POOL (POOL)
Any structure intended for swimming, recreational bathing or wading that contains water over 24 inches deep, including in-ground, aboveground and on-ground pools; hot tubs; spas; and fixed-in-place wading pools.
SWIMMING POOL, PRIVATE (PRIVATE POOL)
A swimming pool used in conjunction with a residential housing unit governed by the International Residential Code (IRC), as amended, and which unit and swimming pool are used solely by the owner, or his/her family, and by guests, invitees, or friends invited to use them without payment of any fee.
SWIMMING POOL, RENTAL (RENTAL POOL)
A swimming pool used in conjunction with a residential housing unit governed by the International Residential Code (IRC), as amended, and where the unit is rented for a fee.
A. 
No person shall construct, install, alter or replace a pool or auxiliary pool structure, or move any pool equipment, until a building permit has been obtained.
B. 
In addition to other requirements of this Code, the following information shall be submitted to the Building and Licensing Department at the time of application for a building permit to construct or replace a pool.
(1) 
Two sets of construction drawings, two site plans, two copies of a survey and two copies of a cost proposal.
(2) 
A scaled drawing indicating the general layout of the entire building lot on which the pool is to be located, including the distances of the pool from the lot lines and the location of all utilities.
(3) 
Pool specifications, including a scaled drawing showing a profile view(s) of the pool, the pool depths, volume calculation and the relative elevation of the pump and filter. If a diving platform is planned, an end view showing the required dimensions.
(4) 
A grading plan and a drainage and discharge plan meeting the specifications and requirements of § 206-12.
C. 
Any proposed change or deviation in the siting of a pool from that which has been approved shall be reported to the Building and Licensing Department and approved prior to incorporating any such change or deviation.
D. 
All construction shall be in accordance with the approved plans and specifications and all conditions listed in the building permit.
All installations of pools and related equipment shall meet the requirements of the International Residential Code, 2012, Appendix G, "Swimming Pools, Spas and Hot Tubs," as adopted by the City of Rehoboth Beach.
Circulating pumps and filters must be located inside the primary structure or in an enclosure that reduces the amount of noise and vibration produced.
A. 
The enclosure must be built to the requirements of the Building Code and be insulated to reduce vibration and noise.
B. 
Such enclosures shall have appropriate louvered areas, including vents, panels or doors, as well as ventilation required for exhaust fans and heating systems.
C. 
The enclosure must have access that is accessible in case of an emergency.
D. 
Pool equipment legally existing at the time of adoption of this chapter is not required to be enclosed until replacement or a permit is issued for changes to the pool or its systems.
Rental pools shall be maintained by a qualified pool operator as defined by the Delaware Division of Public Health. The pool operator shall:
A. 
Maintain written records pertaining to the operation of the pool, including the dates and times the pool was visited, the types of chemicals used, the dates and times of chemical and bacterial tests, and the dates and times of cleaning of the pool and backwashing of filters. The required information may be provided in the form of a pool log which must remain on site and be readily available for review.
B. 
At all times the property is rented, make, at a minimum, weekly visits to the pool to ascertain its condition and perform necessary maintenance.
No private pool or rental pool shall be used until a pool operation license has been obtained from the City.
A. 
Rental pool licenses shall be issued on an annual basis covering the period from July 1 through June 30 of the following year, and the annual fee shall be $50.
B. 
Private pool licenses shall be issued on a one-time basis to the owner of the property, and the one-time fee shall be $50; however, pools existing on the date of adoption of this section shall be exempt from paying the initial fee but must otherwise obtain a license. An initial inspection shall be conducted in conjunction with the issuance of the pool license for the purpose of documenting site conditions. Additional inspections may be required should changes to the pool, pool equipment, or site be proposed through the application for a permit or otherwise.
C. 
Each property shall be required to obtain a separate license of the appropriate classification.
D. 
License fees shall not be prorated for a partial year.
E. 
Pool operation licenses do not transfer when property ownership changes.
F. 
A safety certification form shall be completed by the owner, or the owner's reprsentative, as part of the annual rental pool licensing process. Any owner may also request a rental pool inspection by the City in lieu of completing the annual safety certification form.
[Amended 4-24-2019 by Ord. No. 0419-01]
G. 
Any new rental pool, or pool that has changed ownership, shall be inspected by the City for compliance with the provisions of this chapter and the building, health and safety requirements of the City and State of Delaware. Following an inspection, a notice of compliance or listing of deficiencies will be provided to the owner or the owner's representative.
[Amended 4-24-2019 by Ord. No. 0419-01]
H. 
The City shall inspect all rental pools triennially and may conduct additional inspections when deemed advisable by the City.
[Added 4-24-2019 by Ord. No. 0419-01]
I. 
The City shall keep a registry of all licensed pools.
[Added 4-24-2019 by Ord. No. 0419-01]
A. 
Safety of bathers. All reasonable precautions shall be taken to protect the health, safety and welfare of users and bathers in pools and provide protection from injury or accident. Convenient means of ingress and egress shall be provided, and the depth of water and any irregularities of the bottom shall be clearly indicated. Adequate safety equipment and first-aid kits shall be provided and be readily accessible.
B. 
Safety requirements. At least one safety sign shall be provided for all rental pools as follows:
(1) 
Advising on the danger of diving into shallow areas and on the prevention of drowning as required by the authority that governs such pools.
(2) 
Identifying 911 as the emergency contact phone number.
(3) 
Identifying the property's 911 address.
(4) 
Clearly indicating the location of the pump emergency shut-off switch. Such switch shall be clearly labeled as the pump emergency shut-off switch.
(5) 
Having the City pool operation license number located thereon. The number will be provided on a sticker issued by the City.
(6) 
Contain other pertinent pool information deemed appropriate.
(7) 
Positioned for effective visual observation by users.
(8) 
When a property has both a pool and spa or hot tub in close proximity, one sign may be utilized containing all needed information.
C. 
The following safety equipment shall, at a minimum, be provided for all rental pools:
(1) 
Pools other than spas and hot tubs:
(a) 
One lightweight pole at least 12 and not more than 15 feet long and equipped with a shepherd's hook; or
(b) 
One ring buoy at least 18 to 24 inches in diameter attached to at least 50 feet of rope.
(2) 
Each spa or hot tub shall have a thermometer which displays in one-degree increments (Fahrenheit or Celsius) the spa or hot tub water temperature. This temperature display should be located so as to be readily visible to a person prior to entry.
A. 
Any outdoor lighting used in conjunction with a private or rental pool shall be employed in a manner so as not to cause a nuisance or annoyance to neighboring properties.
B. 
Lights shall be shielded and directed in a manner that shall not direct illumination on adjacent properties. No unshielded lights shall be permitted.
A. 
The buildings, grounds and all other pool facilities shall be kept clean and in a sanitary condition and maintained free from garbage, trash, and other refuse.
B. 
All pools filled with water year-round shall be maintained in such a way as to not create a nuisance, hazard, and eyesore or otherwise result in a substantial adverse effect on neighboring properties or to be in any way detrimental to public health, safety or welfare.
A. 
The lot on which a new pool is constructed, or an existing pool is changed as to physical size, shape or volume, or a pool exists where other construction or addition of impervious surface materials may increase or change stormwater flows shall be graded so as to not permit stormwater runoff, pool drainage or pool discharge from flowing onto a neighboring property.
B. 
Pool drainage shall:
(1) 
Have a pH of no less than 6.8 or greater than 7.8.
(2) 
Have a chlorine concentration no greater than 0.5 ppm.
(3) 
Be directed to and flow over the vegetated area as shown on an approved discharge plan prior to flowing onto pavement or into a storm drain, catch basin or body of water. Drainage from a pool constructed prior to the adoption of this section shall be directed to and flow over a vegetated area to the maximum extent practicable.
(4) 
Not flow onto a neighboring property.
(5) 
Be controlled so as not to cause erosion or carry debris or vegetation.
C. 
Pool discharge shall:
(1) 
Be discharged (or directed) onto a vegetated area and absorbed on the property on which the pool is located.
(2) 
Not flow onto a neighboring property or a public area such as a street, park, beach or water body.
(3) 
Be controlled so as not to cause erosion or carry debris or vegetation.
A. 
A grading plan shall:
(1) 
Be required for the construction of any new pool, any existing pool where a change is being made to the physical size, shape or volume of the pool, or other construction or addition of impervious surface materials on an existing lot with a pool that may increase or change stormwater flows on the property.
(2) 
Be drawn by a professional engineer or a professional land surveyor licensed to do such work in the State of Delaware.
(3) 
Include all existing conditions at the time of the application, including all buildings and structures on the lot with all steps, stoops, decks, porches, eaves, soffits, overhangs, and other projections indicated, and all other existing features, to include utilities, drainage facilities, easements, topography and landscaping.
(4) 
Indicate the proposed conditions to include the pool, additional buildings or structures, including patios or any impervious improvements. Dimensions as well as actual setback distances shall be included.
(5) 
Indicate existing and proposed grading and measures being utilized to prevent stormwater runoff from flowing onto adjacent properties.
(6) 
Clearly indicate the direction and destination of stormwater flow from the area surrounding the pool and property as a whole.
B. 
In addition to and in conjunction with the grading plan, a drainage and discharge plan is required which clearly demonstrates the ability to comply with § 206-11.
The carrying on of any commercial undertakings at a private, residential or family pool entailing sales of food, drinks, novelties or other merchandise is hereby prohibited.
A. 
Any person who violates any of the provisions of this chapter shall be guilty of a civil offense pursuant to Chapter 126 of the Municipal Code of the City of Rehoboth Beach. Each day such violation continues after notice of violation has been given to the offender may be considered a separate offense.
B. 
Revocation of pool operation license.
(1) 
The City Manager may suspend or revoke a pool operation license for any violation of the requirements of this chapter or Chapter 189, Noise, and § 198-21, Disturbing the peace. If the violation is for lack of proper equipment, signage or renewed license or permit, the owner of said pool shall have five days to rectify the violation. Should the violation go unresolved or be repeated, the City Manager may immediately suspend or revoke the pool operation license.
(2) 
The City Manager shall provide the pool operation license holder with a written notice of any violation of this chapter or of the City Code.
(3) 
If a pool operation license is suspended or revoked, the City Manager shall provide the pool operation license holder with a written notice of the license suspension or revocation and the reason for the revocation or suspension. The license holder may appeal the decision of the City Manager to the Board of Commissioners by filing a letter of appeal with the City Manager within 10 days after the date of the mailing of the City Manager's notice of suspension or revocation of the license. The suspension or revocation will be stayed upon appeal until such time as the City Commissioners' decision is made. The City Commissioners shall conduct a de novo hearing on the appeal within 60 days of the date of the filing of the letter of appeal. The Board of Commissioners may affirm, modify or reverse the decision of the City Manager to suspend or revoke the license.