It shall be the duty of the Utility to see that all open ditches for water mains, hydrants and service pipes are properly guarded to prevent accident to any person or vehicle, and at night there shall be displayed amber signal lights in such manner as will, so far as possible, ensure the safety of the public.
A cross-connection shall be defined as any physical connection or arrangement between two otherwise separate systems, one of which contains potable water from the Village of Shorewood water system and the other water from a private source, water of unknown or questionable safety, or steam, gases, or chemicals, whereby there may be a flow from one system to the other, the direction of flow depending on the pressure differential between the two systems.
No person, firm or corporation shall establish or permit to be established or maintain or permit to be maintained any cross-connection. No interconnection shall be established whereby potable water from a private, auxiliary or emergency water supply, other than the regular public water supply of the Village of Shorewood, may enter the supply or distribution system of said municipality, unless such private, auxiliary or emergency water supply and the method of connection and use of such supply shall have been approved by the Shorewood Water Utility and by the Wisconsin Department of Natural Resources in accordance with § NR 811.09(2), Wis. Adm. Code.
[Amended 8-19-1996 by Ord. No. 1737]
It shall be the duty of the Shorewood Water Utility to cause inspections to be made of all properties served by the public water system where cross-connection with the public water system is deemed possible. The frequency of inspections and reinspections based on potential health hazards involved shall be as established by the Shorewood Water Utility and as approved by the Wisconsin Department of Natural Resources.
Upon presentation of credentials, the representative of the Shorewood Water Utility shall have the right to request entry at any reasonable time to examine any property served by a connection to the public water system of the Village of Shorewood for cross-connections. If entry is refused, such representative shall obtain a special inspection warrant under § 66.0119, Wis. Stats. On request, the owner, lessee or occupant of any property so served shall furnish to the inspection agency any pertinent information regarding the piping system or systems on such property.
The Shorewood Water Utility is hereby authorized and directed to discontinue water service to any property wherein any connection in violation of this section exists and to take such other precautionary measures deemed necessary to eliminate any danger of contamination of the public water system. Water service shall be discontinued only after reasonable notice and opportunity for hearing under Ch. 68, Wis. Stats., except as provided in Subsection F. Water service to such property shall not be restored until the cross-connection has been eliminated in compliance with the provisions of this section.
If it is determined by the Shorewood Water Utility that a cross-connection or an emergency endangers public health, safety or welfare and requires immediate action, and a written finding to that effect is filed with the Clerk of the Village of Shorewood and delivered to the customer's premises, service may be immediately discontinued. The customer shall have an opportunity for hearing under Ch. 68, Wis. Stats., within 10 days of such emergency discontinuance.
The Village of Shorewood adopts, by reference, the State Plumbing Code of Wisconsin, being Chs. SPS 381 to 387, Wis. Adm. Code.
[Amended 8-19-1996 by Ord. No. 1737; 5-15-2017 by Ord. No. 2077]
The owner or occupant of every premises receiving water supply shall apply and maintain suitable means of protection of the premises supply and all appliances thereof against damage arising in any manner from the use of water supply, variation of water pressure, or any interruption of water supply. Particularly, such owner or occupant must protect water-cooled compressors for refrigeration systems by means of high- and/or low-pressure safety cutout devices. There shall likewise be provided means for the prevention of the transmission of water ram or noise of operation of any valve or appliance through the piping of its own or adjacent premises.
On all closed systems (i.e., systems having a check valve, pressure regulator or reducing valve, or water filter or softener), an effective pressure-relief valve shall be installed either in the top tapping or upper-side tapping of the hot-water tank or on the hot-water distributing pipe connection at the tank. No stop valve shall be placed between the hot-water tank and the relief valve or on the drainpipe. See applicable plumbing codes.
An air chamber or approved shock absorber shall be installed at the terminus of each riser, fixture branch, or hydraulic elevator main for the prevention of undue water hammer. The air chamber shall be sized in conformance with local plumbing codes. Where possible, the air chamber should be provided at its base with a valve for water drainage and replenishment of air.