Township of Egg Harbor, NJ
Atlantic County
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Table of Contents
Table of Contents
A. 
Off-street parking, unloading and service requirements of this article shall apply and govern in all present and future zoning districts. Except as provided in this article, no application for a building permit shall be approved unless there is included with the plan for such building, improvement or use a plot plan showing the required space reserved for off-street parking, unloading and service purposes. An occupancy permit shall not be given unless the required off-street parking, unloading and service facilities have been provided in accordance with those shown on the approved plan. Except where weather conditions preclude paving, a certificate of occupancy may be issued on the condition that the applicant will complete the required paving within a specified period of time to be stated on the certificate of occupancy, and further provided that in no event shall such period of time be more than six months.
B. 
Duty to provide and maintain off-street parking and loading. No land shall be used or occupied, and no structure shall be designed, created, altered, used or occupied, unless off-street parking and loading facilities are provided as required by this article; provided, however, that any use in operation on the effective date of these regulations is not affected by the provisions of this article until such time as the existing gross floor area is increased.
[Amended 3-25-1987 by Ord. No. 11-1987; 2-24-1993 by Ord. No. 9-1993; 6-8-1994 by Ord. No. 25-1994]
A. 
Access to and from lots. Drives shall be limited to a maximum of two to any street, except when the frontage of a property along any one street exceeds 500 feet, the number of drives to that street may be based on one drive for each 250 feet of property frontage. Each drive shall be at least 50 feet or 1/2 the lot frontage, whichever is greater, but need not exceed 300 feet from the street line of any intersecting street. Driveways in residential districts shall be set back from the property line a minimum of the principal building setback in the district. In no case shall a residential driveway be located closer than 10 feet to a side property line. Driveways in commercial and industrial districts shall be set back from the property line the required minimum parking setback in the district. All drive entrances for commercial sites shall be at least 30 feet wide. Driveways with widths exceeding 25 feet shall be reviewed by the approving authority giving consideration to the width, curbing, direction of traffic flow, radii of curves and traffic lane divider. In parking lots having a capacity of more than 100 cars, a main access drive shall be provided from points of ingress and egress. No parking shall be permitted on the main access drive nor shall it serve as an access aisle to adjacent parking spaces.
[Amended 10-12-2005 by Ord. No. 55-2005; 10-11-2006 by Ord. No. 51-2006; 10-7-2008 by Ord. No. 38-2008]
B. 
Driveways serving a development having 50 or fewer parking spaces may use a one-and-one-half-inch-high depressed curb and concrete apron driveway and concrete walk. Those having more than 50 parking spaces, however, shall use curb returns of not less than 25 feet in radius, except as otherwise directed by the New Jersey Department of Transportation on state highways. The minimum curb radii for fire lanes shall be 25 feet.
C. 
Access to parking and loading spaces. Individual parking and loading spaces shall be served by on-site aisles designed to permit each motor vehicle to proceed to and from each parking and loading space without requiring the moving of any other motor vehicle. Where the angle of parking is different on both sides of the aisle, the larger aisle width shall prevail. Turning radii of aisles shall be large enough to accommodate the largest vehicles anticipated, including emergency vehicles. For commercial sites the drive aisle must be at least 25 feet.
[Amended 10-11-2006 by Ord. No. 51-2006]
D. 
Interior driveways. For uses other than single-family dwellings, interior driveways shall be at least 24 feet wide where used with ninety-degree angle parking, and at least 18 feet wide where used with forty-five-degree angle parking. Where there is no parking, interior driveways shall be at least 15 feet wide for one-way traffic movement and at least 22 feet wide for two-way traffic.
E. 
Buffers. Parking and loading areas, especially commercial and industrial uses, shall be buffered from adjoining streets, existing residential uses or any residential zoning district in a manner meeting the objectives of § 94-8 of the Township Code. There shall be a minimum of 10 feet of separation between a building and the parking area. There shall be a minimum of four feet for sidewalk and five feet for landscaping.
[Amended 10-11-2006 by Ord. No. 51-2006]
F. 
Curbing. All off-street parking areas containing 20 or more spaces and all off-street loading areas shall have concrete curbing around the perimeter of the parking and loading areas and to separate major interior driveways from the parking and loading spaces. Curbing may also be installed within the parking or loading areas to define segments of the parking or loading areas. Curbing shall also be required around all landscaped islands in parking lots. Curbing installed at locations requiring pedestrian access over the curbing shall be designed with ramps from the street grade to the sidewalk. Concrete wheel blocks may be located in conjunction with an overall drainage plan.
G. 
Dimensions. Each automobile parking space shall not be less than nine feet wide, nor less than 18 feet deep, exclusive of passageways. In addition, there shall be provided adequate interior driveways to connect each parking space with a public right-of-way as specified in this section. Parking spaces for the physically handicapped shall be as noted in § 225-55P.
[Added 10-11-2006 by Ord. No. 51-2006; amended 9-26-2007 by Ord. No. 45-2007; 9-8-2010 by Ord. No. 23-2010]
H. 
Drainage.
(1) 
All parking and loading areas shall have drainage facilities installed in accordance with good engineering practice as approved by the Board Engineer and in accordance with the provisions contained in the Township Stormwater Ordinance.[1] Where subbase conditions are wet, spongy or of such nature that surfacing would be inadvisable without first treating the subbase, these areas shall be excavated to a depth of at least six to 12 inches, as conditions dictate, below the proposed finished grade and filled with a suitable subbase material.
[1]
Editor's Note: See § 94-44 of the Township Code.
(2) 
Where required, a system of porous concrete pipe subsurface drains shall be constructed beneath the surface of the paving and connected to a suitable drain. After the subbase material has been properly placed and compacted, the parking area surfacing material may be applied.
(3) 
All commercial parking lots shall have a minimum grade slope of 0.75% to allow for proper drainage.
[Added 10-11-2006 by Ord. No. 51-2006]
I. 
Surfacing. All plans for road surfacing shall be approved as part of the plan approval. Unless determined by the Board Engineer that site conditions or anticipated traffic warrant an increased paving section, all loading and parking spaces, aisle and driveway areas shall be paved with the specifications contained in § 94-46B of the Township Code.
J. 
Landscaping. Plans for landscaping in parking and loading areas shall be shown on the site plan in accordance with § 94-22 of the Township Code. Parking areas shall be suitably landscaped to minimize noise, glare and other nuisance characteristics as well as to enhance the environment and ecology of the site and surrounding area. Parking lots containing over 100 spaces shall provide planting islands throughout the parking area in accordance with the following standards:
(1) 
One island shall be provided for every two lines of double-stacked parking space patterns and shall be arranged in an alternating manner.
(2) 
The width of all islands shall be a minimum of 10 feet if island curbing is used as a wheel stop. If concrete wheel stops are provided in addition to curbing, the width of the island may be reduced to six feet.
K. 
Fractional spaces. When the application of a unit of measurement of parking space or loading space to a particular space or structure results in a fractional space, a space shall be required for each such fraction.
L. 
Pavement markings and signs. All off-street parking spaces shall be clearly marked and pavement directional arrows or signs shall be provided wherever necessary. Markers, directional arrows and signs shall be properly maintained so as to assure their maximum efficiency.
M. 
Parking standards.
(1) 
In all zones in connection with every industrial, business, institutional, recreational, residential or any other use, there shall be provided, at the time any building or structure is erected or is enlarged or increased in capacity, off-street parking in accordance with the requirements set forth herein.
(2) 
No parking shall be permitted in fire lanes, streets, driveways, aisles, sidewalks or turning areas.
(3) 
No off-street parking spaces shall be permitted in any required buffer areas.
(4) 
Parking spaces located to serve residential uses shall be within 150 feet of the entrance of the building and within 300 feet of commercial or industrial uses, except marinas.
[Amended 10-12-2005 by Ord. No. 55-2005]
(5) 
No off-street parking spaces shall have direct access from a street.
(6) 
A one-car garage and driveway combination shall count as 1 3/4 off-street parking spaces, provided that the driveway measures a minimum of 25 feet in length between the face of the garage door and the sidewalk or 30 feet to the curbline. A two-car garage and driveway combination shall count as 3 1/2 off-street parking spaces, provided that the minimum width is 20 feet and its minimum length is as specified above for a one-car garage.
(7) 
Parking shall be located 10 feet from the building and provide a landscaped strip between the sidewalk and building a minimum of four feet in width.
[Added 10-11-2006 by Ord. No. 51-2006]
N. 
Loading areas.
(1) 
Loading areas, as required under this section, shall be provided in addition to off-street parking spaces and shall not be considered as supplying off-street parking spaces.
(2) 
There shall be a minimum of one loading space per retail or wholesale commercial and/or industrial use except that where more than one use shall be located in one building or where multiple uses are designed as part of a shopping center or similar self-contained complex, the number of loading spaces shall be determined by the Planning Board during site plan review, dispersed throughout the site to best serve the individual uses and have site plan approval.
(3) 
For every retail and wholesale commercial and/or industrial building, structure or part thereof having over 10,000 square feet of gross floor area erected and occupied, there shall be provided at least one truck standing, loading and unloading space on the premises. Buildings that contain in excess of 15,000 square feet of gross floor area may be required to provide additional off-street loading space as determined by the Board during site plan review.
(4) 
Unless otherwise permitted, fire zones shall not be used as standing, loading or unloading areas.
(5) 
Loading spaces shall be located on the same lot as the use being served, may abut the building being served rather than requiring a setback from the building and shall be located to directly serve the building for which the space is being provided. No loading space shall have direct access from a street.
(6) 
No loading areas shall be located in any required front yard or buffer area.
O. 
Parking areas. The width of all aisles providing direct access to individual parking stalls shall be in accordance with the requirements specified below. Only one-way traffic shall be permitted in aisles serving single-row parking spaces placed at an angle other than 90º.
[Amended 10-11-2006 by Ord. No. 51-2006]
Parking Angle
(degrees)
Aisle Width
(feet)
30
12
45
13
60
18
90
25
P. 
Parking for handicapped.
(1) 
Accessible spaces shall be eight feet wide, with an adjacent access aisle five feet wide. One in every eight accessible spaces shall have an access aisle eight feet wide (rather than five feet) and shall be signed "van accessible." Accessible spaces shall be provided at the following rate:
Total Number of Spaces
Accessible
Spaces
1 to 25  
1
26 to 50  
2
51 to 75  
3
76 to 100
4
101 to 150
5
151 to 200
6
201 to 300
7
301 to 400
8
401 to 500
9
501 to 1,000
2a
1,001 and over
20b
NOTES:
aPercent of total.
bPlus one space for each 100 over 1,000.
(2) 
The location of handicapped spaces shall be in an area which is accessible to the building or buildings which the facility services.
(3) 
Each handicapped space or group of spaces shall be identified with a clearly visible sign displaying the international symbol of access and shall comply with the Barrier Free Code.
[Amended 12-8-1982 by Ord. No. 71-1982; 2-24-1993 by Ord. No. 9-1993; 6-8-1994 by Ord. No. 25-1994]
A. 
The minimum parking requirements shall be as follows:
(1) 
Automotive repair garage or body shop: one parking space for each 400 square feet of gross floor area.
(2) 
Automotive sales and service: one parking space for each 400 square feet of gross floor area shall be provided for customer and employee parking. These areas shall be in addition to areas utilized for display and storage of vehicles. Site plans shall specify which parking spaces are designated for customers, employees, display and storage.
(3) 
Automotive service station: five parking spaces for each service bay, exclusive of vehicle service area. In no instance shall there be fewer than five off-street parking spaces.
(4) 
Banks, savings and loan associations and similar financial institutions: one parking space for each 250 square feet of gross floor area.
(5) 
Bar, banquet facilities, cocktail lounge or nightclub, including restaurants with bars: one parking space for each 50 square feet of gross floor area.
[Amended 10-11-2006 by Ord. No. 51-2006]
(6) 
Barbershop and beauty shop: three parking spaces for each chair, but not less than one parking space per 200 square feet of gross floor area.
(7) 
Bowling alley: four parking spaces for each lane. Other commercial uses within the same building will be computed separately in accordance with this section.
(8) 
Car wash: five parking spaces for employees plus off-street storage (stacking) space equal to at least five times the number of cars that can be in the wash process at one time. For self-wash or self-service car washes, the requirement for employee parking shall be eliminated.
(9) 
Church, temple, chapel, mosque or synagogue: one parking space for each four seats in the main congregation seating area. Where no individual seats are provided, 20 inches of bench shall be considered as one seat. Where seats or benches are not provided, or are provided only in a portion of the main congregation seating area, one parking space for each 50 square feet of floor area within the main congregation seating area.
(10) 
Community center, library, museum or art gallery: one parking space for each 200 square feet of gross floor area.
(11) 
Community club, private club or lodge: one parking space for each 100 square feet of gross floor area.
(12) 
Convalescent home, nursing home or rest home: one parking space for each two beds based on its licensed bed capacity.
(13) 
Drive-in restaurant: one parking space for each 35 square feet of gross floor area.
(14) 
Driving range or miniature golf: one parking space for each tee or hole.
(15) 
Farmers markets or auction market: one parking space for each 1,000 square feet of land area in the site.
(16) 
Furniture, appliance stores or similar types of uses requiring large amounts of storage: one parking space for each 400 square feet up to 4,000 square feet, plus one parking space for each 800 square feet of gross floor area above 4,000 square feet.
(17) 
Hardware or auto supply stores: one parking space for each 400 square feet of gross floor area.
(18) 
Hospital (general, mental or sanitarium): one parking space for each two beds based on its licensed capacity.
(19) 
Hotel or motel: one parking space for each rental unit. Each commercial use within the building shall be computed separately according to the requirements for such use set forth herein. The Planning Board may allow up to 30% of the required parking for commercial uses in the hotel or motel to be satisfied by guest room parking.
(20) 
Laundromats or similar coin-operated cleaning: one parking space for each 200 square feet of gross floor area.
(21) 
Manufacturing or fabricating uses:
(a) 
For uses employing fewer than 50 persons, five spaces plus one space for each employee on a maximum work shift.
(b) 
For uses employing 50 to 120 persons, 10 spaces plus three spaces for each four employees on a maximum work shift.
(c) 
For uses employing more than 120 persons, 20 spaces plus two spaces for each three employees on a maximum work shift.
(22) 
Marinas: 0.6 spaces per slip shall be required in addition to all other parking spaces required for other uses and activities within the marina.
[Amended 10-12-2005 by Ord. No. 55-2005]
(23) 
Meeting rooms or assembly or exhibition hall: one parking space for each 400 square feet of gross floor area.
(24) 
Mortuaries and funeral homes: one parking space for every 100 square feet of gross floor areas.
(25) 
Nursery school, day camp or similar uses: one parking space for each 500 square feet of gross floor area.
(26) 
Offices, dental or medical: one parking space for each 200 square feet of gross floor area, except that if located within a building housing three or more separate, unassociated practitioners, the requirement shall be one parking space for each 300 square feet of gross floor area.
(27) 
Office, government: to be determined by the Planning Board, except that governmental offices within privately owned buildings shall provide a minimum of one parking space for each 150 square feet of gross floor area.
(28) 
Office, professional: one parking space for each 400 square feet of gross floor area.
(29) 
Public and private utilities, electrical substation, gas regulator, water works, pumping station and similar facilities: to be determined by the Planning Board based on the specific need of the use.
(30) 
Recreation facilities: those not specifically mentioned herein shall be determined by the Planning Board.
(31) 
Residential:
Housing Unit Type/Sizea
Number of Spacesb
Single-family detached
2-bedroom
1.5
3-bedroom
2.0
4-bedroom
2.5
5-bedroom
3.0
Garden apartment
1-bedroom
1.8
2-bedroom
2.0
3-bedroom
2.0
Townhouse
1-bedroom
1.8
2-bedroom
2.0
3-bedroom
2.0
Mobile home
1-bedroom
1.8
2-bedroom
2.0
NOTES:
aRequirements for attached units include provisions for guest parking.
bAny fraction in excess of 1/2 shall be counted as one parking space.
(32) 
Restaurant, cafe or diner: one parking space for each three seats. Fast-food restaurants: one parking space for each two seats with stacking spaces for a drive-through to accommodate eight vehicles without encroaching into drive aisles, loading areas or parking spaces.
[Amended 10-11-2006 by Ord. No. 51-2006]
(33) 
Retail stores, except as otherwise specified: one parking space for each 200 square feet of gross floor area. Stacking spaces for drive-through pharmacies shall be provided to accommodate four vehicles without encroaching into drive aisles, loading areas or parking spaces. Self-storage facilities shall have one space per 200 square feet of the office area and one space per 10,000 square feet of storage space. If an office is not proposed, then five additional spaces shall be added.
[Amended 10-11-2006 by Ord. No. 51-2006]
(34) 
Studio, art, music, dance, gymnastics and similar (for the purpose of giving instructions rather than shows or exhibitions): one parking space for each 100 square feet of gross floor area.
(35) 
Schools:
(a) 
Elementary: two per classroom, but not fewer than one per teacher and staff.
(b) 
Intermediate: 1 1/2 per classroom, but not fewer than one per teacher and staff.
(c) 
Secondary: 2 1/2 per classroom, but not fewer than one per teacher and staff.
(36) 
Shopping centers: 4 1/2 parking spaces for each 1,000 square feet of gross leasable area up to 600,000 square feet. Over that amount, the requirement shall be five spaces per 1,000 square feet of gross leasable area.
(37) 
Theater: one parking space for each three seats.
(38) 
Veterinary clinics or hospitals or animal-care facilities: one parking space for each 400 square feet of gross floor area.
(39) 
Warehousing or distribution uses:
(a) 
For buildings having a floor area of less than 20,000 square feet: five spaces, plus one space for each 1,200 square feet of gross floor area.
(b) 
For buildings having an area of greater than 20,000 square feet: 10 spaces, plus one space for each 2,000 square feet of gross floor area.
(40) 
Wholesale, machinery or large equipment sales: one parking space for each 1,000 square feet of gross floor area plus one parking space for each vehicle used in connection with the business.
(41) 
Home improvement stores: one parking space for 300 square feet of gross floor area.
[Added 2-13-2008 by Ord. No. 2-2008]
B. 
Mixed uses or uses in which the number of employees cannot be determined at the time of site plan review:
(1) 
There shall be a minimum paved area sufficient to provide at least one space for each 500 square feet of gross floor area in all proposed buildings. However, additional land suitable for parking area expansion shall be reserved in an amount sufficient to provide a total number of spaces at a rate of one space for each 400 square feet of such gross floor area. Such reserved space shall not be located in any required buffer area or other area where parking is normally prohibited, and, if the need for such space is demonstrated, these areas shall then be suitably paved and marked.
(2) 
Regulation applicable to both above cases: In any case where a developer shall not utilize the maximum allowable building coverage, the floor area and employee ratios set forth above shall be applied at the maximum allowable coverage to determine the total amount of land to be set aside to accommodate possible expansion parking, at a rate of 300 square feet per possible additional parking space. However, such area may be reduced to the extent that the developer can demonstrate that his operation is of such a nature as to be unable to utilize the maximum allowable coverage.
C. 
Computed parking requirements may be reduced up to 20% upon a showing of good cause and provided that these spaces may be located on-site if necessary at a later date.
D. 
The parking space required for a use not specifically mentioned herein shall be the same as required for a use of similar nature, as determined by the Board, based upon that use enumerated herein which is most similar to the proposed use. If there is no use enumerated herein having sufficient similarity to the proposed use to enable the Board to establish rational parking requirements, the Board may, in its discretion, direct the applicant to furnish the Board with such data as may be necessary to enable the Board to establish rational parking requirements.