The purpose of this ordinance is to provide a program for protecting the public water system from contamination due to backflow of contaminants through the water service connection into the public water system.
No person, firm or corporation shall establish or permit to be established or maintain or permit to be maintained any cross-connection. No interconnection shall be established whereby potable water from a private, auxiliary or emergency water supply other than the regular public water supply or the Sanitary District may enter the supply or distribution system of said municipality, unless such private, auxiliary or emergency water supply and the method of connection and use of such supply shall have been approved by the Sanitary District and by the Wisconsin Department of Natural Resources in accordance with Section NR 111.25(3) of the Wisconsin Administrative Code.
A cross-connection shall be defined as any physical connection or arrangement between two otherwise separate systems, one of which contains potable water from the Sanitary District's water system, and the other, water from a private source, water of unknown or questionable safety, or steam, gases or chemicals, whereby there may be a flow from one system to the other, the direction of flow depending on the pressure differential between the two systems.
[Amended 4-7-2006 by Ord. No. 2006-007]
It shall be the duty of the Sanitary District to cause inspections to be made of all properties service by the public water system where cross-connections with the public water system is deemed possible. The frequency of inspections and reinspections based on potential health hazards involved shall be as established by the Sanitary District and as approved by the Wisconsin Department of Natural Resources.
It shall be the duty of each owner of property subject to commercial or industrial use receiving water service within the district to engage a certified plumbing inspector to conduct an inspection for the existence and condition of cross-connections and backflow devices every two years and furnish a report of said inspection to the Ledgeview Sanitary District #2.
Upon presentation of credentials, the representative of the Sanitary District shall have the right to request entry at any reasonable time to examine any property served by a connection to the public water system of the Sanitary District for cross-connections. If entry is refused, such representative shall obtain a special inspection warrant under W.S.A. s. 66.122. On request, the owner, lessee or occupant of any property so served shall furnish to the inspection agency any pertinent information regarding the piping system or systems on such property.
Editor's Note: Section 66.122, Wis. Stats., was renumbered as § 66.0119, Wis. Stats., and amended by 1999 Act 150, §§ 287 to 290, effective 1-1-2001.
The Sanitary District is hereby authorized and directed to discontinue water service to any property wherein any connection in violation of this ordinance exists, and to take such other precautionary measures deemed necessary to eliminate any danger of contamination of the public water system. Water service shall be discontinued only after reasonable notice and opportunity for hearing under Chapter 68 of the Wisconsin Statutes, except as provided in § A136-13. Water service to such property shall not be restored until the cross-connection(s) has been eliminated in compliance with the provisions of this ordinance.
If it is determined by the Sanitary District that a cross-connection or an emergency endangers public health, safety or welfare and requires immediate action, and a written finding to that effect is filed with the Clerk of the Sanitary District and delivered to the customer's premises, service may be immediately discontinued. The customer shall have an opportunity for hearing under Chapter 68 of the Wisconsin Statutes, within 10 days of such emergency discontinuance.