[HISTORY: Adopted by the City Council of the City of Crystal Lake 1-19-1993 (Art. V, Ch. I, Section V, of the 1993 Code). Amendments noted where applicable.]
As used in this chapter, the following terms shall have the meanings indicated:
- Every device propelled by human power upon which any person may ride, having two tandem wheels either of which is over 16 inches in diameter.
Every bicycle when in use at nighttime shall be equipped with a lamp on the front which shall emit a white light visible from a distance of at least 500 feet to the front and with a red reflector on the rear of a type approved by the Department of Transportation which shall be visible from all distances from 100 feet to 600 feet to the rear when directly in front of lawful lower beams of headlamps on a motor vehicle. A lamp emitting a red light visible from a distance of 500 feet to the rear may be used in addition to the red reflector.
A bicycle shall not be equipped with nor shall any person use upon a bicycle any siren.
Every bicycle shall be equipped with a brake which will adequately control movement of and stop and hold such bicycle.
No person shall sell a new bicycle or pedal for use on a bicycle that is not equipped with a reflex reflector conforming to specifications prescribed by the Department, on each pedal, visible from the front and rear of the bicycle during darkness from a distance of 200 feet.
No person shall sell or offer for sale a new bicycle that is not equipped with side reflectors. Such reflectors shall be visible from each side of the bicycle from a distance of 500 feet and shall be essentially colorless or red to the rear of the center of the bicycle and essentially colorless or amber to the front of the center of the bicycle provided. The requirements of this subsection may be met by reflective materials which shall be at least 3/16 of an inch wide on each side of each tire or rim to indicate as clearly as possible the continuous circular shape and size of the tires or rims of such bicycle and which reflective materials may be of the same color on both the front and rear tire or rim. Such reflectors shall conform to specifications prescribed by the Department.
No person shall sell or offer for sale a new bicycle that is not equipped with an essentially colorless front-facing reflector.
It shall be considered a misdemeanor for any person to do any act forbidden or fail to perform any act required in this chapter.
The parent or guardian of any child shall not authorize or knowingly permit a child to violate any of the provisions of this chapter.
These regulations applicable to bicycles shall apply whenever a bicycle is operated upon any street or upon any public path set aside for the exclusive use of bicycles, subject to those exceptions stated herein.
No person who resides within this City shall ride or propel a bicycle on any street or upon any public path set aside for the exclusive use of bicycles unless such bicycle has been licensed and a license plate is attached thereto as provided herein.
License application. Application for a bicycle license and license plate shall be made upon a form provided by the City and shall be made to the Chief of Police or his/her designated representative.
Issuance of license.
The Police Department, upon receiving proper application therefor is authorized to issue a bicycle license which shall be effective as long as the bicycle is in service in the City or until transfer of ownership of said bicycle.
The Police Department shall not issue a license for any bicycle when it knows, or has reasonable ground to believe, that the applicant is not the owner of or entitled to the possession of the bicycle.
The Police Department shall keep a record of the number of each license, the date issued, the name and address of the person to whom issued and the number on the frame of the bicycle for which said license is issued.
Attachment of license plates.
The Police Department, upon issuing a license, shall also issue a license plate bearing the license number assigned to the bicycle and the name of the City.
The license plates shall be firmly attached to the frame of the bicycle for which issued in such position to be plainly visible.
No person shall remove a license plate from a bicycle during the period of which it is issued except upon a transfer of ownership or in the event the bicycle is dismantled and no longer operated upon any street in the City.
A member of the Police Department shall inspect each bicycle before licensing the same and shall refuse a license for any bicycle which he/she determines is in unsafe mechanical condition.
Upon the sale or other transfer of a licensed bicycle, the licensee shall remove the license plate and shall either surrender the same to the Director of Finance or may, upon proper application, have said plate assigned to another bicycle owned by the applicant.
A rental agency shall not rent or offer any bicycle for rent unless the bicycle is licensed and a license plate is attached thereto as provided herein and such bicycle is equipped with the lamps and equipment required in this chapter.
Every person riding a bicycle upon a street or roadway shall be subject to the provisions of the traffic ordinances of this City applicable to the driver of a vehicle except as to special regulations in this chapter and except as to those provisions of the ordinances which, by their nature, can have no application.
Obedience to traffic control devices. Any person operating a bicycle shall obey the instructions of official traffic signals, signs and other control devices applicable to vehicles, unless otherwise directed by a police officer.
Whenever authorized signs are erected that no right or left turn or U-turn is permitted, no person operating a bicycle shall disobey the direction of any such sign, except where such person dismounts from the bicycle to make any such turn, in which event such person shall then obey the regulations applicable to pedestrians.
Riding on bicycles. A person propelling a bicycle shall not ride other than upon or astride a permanent and regular seat attached thereto.
No bicycle shall be used to carry more persons at one time than the number for which it is designed and equipped, except that an adult rider may carry a child securely attached to his/her person in a backpack or sling.
No person shall operate a bicycle at a speed greater than is reasonable and prudent under the conditions existing at the time and place.
Riding on right. Every person operating a bicycle on a roadway shall ride as near the right-hand side of the roadway as practicable, exercising due care when passing a standing vehicle or one proceeding in the same direction.
Emerging from alley or driveway. The operator of a bicycle emerging from an alley, driveway or building shall, upon approaching a sidewalk or the sidewalk area extending across any alleyway, yield the right-of-way to all pedestrians approaching on said sidewalk or sidewalk area, and upon entering the roadway shall yield the right-of-way to all vehicles approaching on said roadway.
Clinging to vehicles. No person riding upon a bicycle shall attach the same or himself or herself to any automobile or vehicle upon a roadway.
Riding in a group. Persons operating a bicycle upon a street or roadway shall not ride more than two abreast except on paths or parts of roadways set aside for the exclusive use of bicycles.
Carrying articles. No person operating a bicycle shall carry any package, bundle or article which prevents the use of both hands in control and operation of the bicycle. A person operating a bicycle shall keep at least one hand on the handlebars at all times.
Parking. No person shall park a bicycle upon a street other than upon the roadway against the curb or upon the sidewalk in a rack to support the bicycle or against a building or at the curb, in such manner as to afford the least obstruction in pedestrian traffic.
Bicycle paths. Whenever a usable path has been provided adjacent to a roadway, bicycle riders shall use the path and not ride on the roadway.
Riding on sidewalks.
No person shall ride a bicycle on a sidewalk within a business district.
The Chief of Police is authorized to erect signs on any sidewalk or roadway prohibiting the riding of bicycles thereon by any person, and when such signs are in place, no person shall disobey the same.
Whenever any person is riding a bicycle upon any sidewalk or roadway, such person shall yield the right-of-way to all pedestrians and shall give an audible signal before overtaking and passing such pedestrian.
Editor's Note: Former §§ 5.142, Bicycle Safety Warden, and 5.143, Compliance Board, which immediately followed this section, was deleted 2-20-2007 by Ord. No. 6161.