Town of North Hempstead, NY
Nassau County
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Table of Contents
Table of Contents
[HISTORY: Adopted by the North Hempstead Town Board 5-25-1948. Amendments noted where applicable.]
GENERAL REFERENCES
Excavations, hazardous — See Ch. 17.
Notices of defects in highways — See Ch. 26.
Sidewalks — See Ch. 48.
No person, firm or corporation, public service, water, light or power company shall excavate in any street, highway or sidewalk in the town for any purpose without first obtaining a permit from the Superintendent of Highways as hereinafter provided.
[Amended 1-29-1957; 6-27-2000 by L.L. No. 9-2000]
A. 
Upon application in writing filed with the Superintendent of Highways, stating the purpose, extent, location and nature of a proposed excavation or other disturbance of a street or highway in the town, the Town Superintendent of Highways may grant or refuse a permit therefor.
B. 
If the application for a permit is denied, the Highway Superintendent shall send the applicant written notification of the denial and shall state the reason for denial.
C. 
Except where such excavation or disturbance shall be directly authorized by law, the Superintendent of Highways shall require the applicant to deposit with the Superintendent of Highways a sum of money or bond in a sum set by resolution of the Town Board, or which shall otherwise be deemed by him to be adequate to pay all of the expenses to which the town will be put to replace the street, highways or sidewalk, pavement, curb or gutter in proper condition, and the unexpended balance, if any, shall be refunded to the depositor. The depositor's unexpended balance shall be returned by the town 90 days after the excavation or other disturbance has been repaired to the satisfaction of the Superintendent of Highways, regardless of whether the permittee or the town completes the restoration.
D. 
Each applicant must file an insurance policy or certificate with the Superintendent of Highways insuring the Town of North Hempstead in the sum of not less than $1,000,000 combined single limit.
E. 
No permit shall be issued for an opening on any roadway which has been resurfaced by the Town of North Hempstead during a period of three calendar years previous to the application date, except for permits for emergency openings as defined in § 18-4.1 below. In the case of a newly constructed or reconstructed roadway, the time period shall be five years. The prohibitions stated in this Subsection E shall not apply to applications to install new gas connections to residential properties.
[Amended 12-18-2018 by L.L. No. 13-2018]
F. 
Any permit issued under this chapter may be revoked at any time by the Highway Superintendent.
G. 
Permits shall become null and void unless work is commenced within 30 days of the issuance of said permit, unless an extension of time is granted by the Highway Superintendent in writing.
H. 
The applicant shall give a forty-eight-hour notice to the Highway Superintendent or his duly authorized representative, prior to making any road openings, except in cases of emergency as provided for herein. No openings shall be commenced on a Saturday, Sunday or a holiday unless in cases of emergency.
[Added 1-29-1957; amended 1-10-1989 by L.L. No. 1-1989]
Except where otherwise provided by law, or where permits as above are granted for work done at the direction of the Town Superintendent of Highways, each application for such permit shall be accompanied by a fee, to be set by resolution of the Town Board for each excavation, to be paid to the town. The fee and permit herein required shall be in addition to permits required for the construction of any sidewalk, curb or driveway.
[Added 10-3-1961; amended 1-10-1989 by L.L. No. 1-1989; 5-2-1989 by L.L. No. 3-1989; 6-27-2000 by L.L. No. 9-2000]
Permits may be issued to the Long Island Power Authority, Brooklyn Union Gas, Bell Atlantic, Water Authority of Western Nassau County and special districts of the Town of North Hempstead without the fee as required above accompanying the application. In lieu thereof, the Superintendent of Highways is to render monthly statements to said utility companies and special districts in the event that they avail themselves of paying for their permits each month.
[Added 6-27-2000 by L.L. No. 9-2000]
In the event that any pipe, main, conduit or other utility installation in or under any street, alley, sidewalk or public way shall burst, break or otherwise be in such condition as to seriously endanger persons or property, the owner of such sewer, main, conduit or other installation shall immediately contact the Town of North Hempstead Superintendent of Highways describing the location of the break, extent of repairs and any emergency measures required to reroute traffic. Upon approval by the Superintendent of Highways, the owner shall immediately remedy such trouble and shall immediately take all such necessary steps to make said location safe and secure. Such owner shall not, however, begin making any permanent repairs to such street, alley or sidewalk until he or she shall have secured a permit as provided above. Such permit shall be applied for within 48 hours after such break or serious trouble shall have developed, and the necessary permanent repairs to the street, alley or sidewalk shall be made as directed by the Superintendent of Highways and shall be completed as soon as practicable after receipt of the permit.
No work shall be commenced under any permit granted pursuant to this section unless or until such notice as shall be directed by the Superintendent of Highways shall have been given to public service corporations having lines, mains or other property in the streets for the protection of their property.
[Amended 6-27-2000 by L.L. No. 9-2000]
A. 
The permittee shall take appropriate measures to assure that, during the performance of the excavation work, traffic conditions as nearly normal as practicable shall be maintained at all times so as to cause as little inconvenience as possible to the occupants of the abutting property and to the general public, provided that the Highway Superintendent may permit the closing of streets to all traffic for a period of time prescribed by him or it if, in his or its opinion, it is necessary. Failure to provide barriers and lights conforming to the requirements of the Superintendent of Highways shall be prima facie evidence of a failure to provide suitable barriers and lights and may result in immediate revocation of the permit.
B. 
The excavation work shall be performed and conducted so as not to interfere with access to fire stations and fire hydrants. Materials or obstructions shall not be placed within 15 feet of the fire plugs. Passageways leading to fire escapes or fire-fighting equipment shall be kept free of piles of material or other obstructions.
C. 
The following measures shall be taken to ensure the safety and protection of the traveling public.
(1) 
All openings must be backfilled immediately and pavement restored in accordance with town road specifications.
(2) 
If it is necessary to leave an excavation unfinished overnight or for an extended period, the permittee shall place at the site suitable barricades with appropriate lighting. The barriers and lighting devices shall conform to the specifications set forth in the United States Department of Transportation Manual on Uniform Traffic Control Devices, and any amendments thereto, except that the permittee must place his name and a phone number where he can be reached at all times. The excavation shall be lit continuously from twilight to dawn. He shall also notify the Nassau County Police Department of the condition of the unfinished excavation and furnish the Police Department with his name and a phone number where he can be reached at all times. A minimum of four flashers must be used at the construction site or along the right-of-way as required by the Highway Superintendent.
[Added 1-29-1957; amended 10-6-1992 by L.L. No. 8-1992; 6-7-2000 by L.L. No. 9-2000]
A. 
All permits granted for town street, highway or sidewalk excavations for any purpose shall be conditioned upon the adequate protection, at the expense of the applicant, to the property of the town and public service corporations. All excavations shall be backfilled properly upon completion and a written notice thereof given to the Superintendent of Highways.
B. 
All permittees are to restore pavements as follows: All types of roads, with the exception of concrete, shall be replaced with a subbase of three-fourths-inch asphalt binder mix, compacted in two three-inch lifts, per Nassau County specifications, for a total of six inches in depth, and surfaced with asphalt, Type 1A, not less than two inches in depth. Concrete roads shall follow the Nassau County specifications of one to two to four (1:2:4) reinforced concrete.
C. 
Should prevailing weather conditions preclude the permanent restoration of the road surface, the applicant shall be responsible for the maintenance of the temporary surface.
D. 
The Office of the Town Comptroller shall invoice permittees whose actions or inactions require town labor to close or secure road openings, together with an interest charge for delinquent garments in the amount of......
[Added 6-27-2000 by L.L. No. 9-2000]
The permittee shall hold the Town of North Hempstead and its officers harmless against any and all claims, judgments or other costs arising from the excavation and other work covered by the excavation permit or for which the Town of North Hempstead or any town officer may be made liable by reason of any accident or injury to person or property through the fault of the permittee, either in not properly guarding the excavation or for any other injury resulting from the negligence of the permittee, and further conditioned to fill up, restore and place in good and safe condition, as nearly as it can be to its original condition and to the satisfaction of the Superintendent of Highways, all openings and excavations made in the streets and to maintain any street where an excavation is made in a condition as good as before said work shall have been done, for the period of 12 months after said work shall have been done, usual wear and tear excepted. Any settling of the surface within said one-year period shall be deemed conclusive evidence of defective backfilling by the permittee.
[Amended 6-27-2000 by L.L. No. 9-2000]
Any person violating the provisions of this chapter shall, upon conviction thereof, be subject to a fine not to exceed $1,000 or to imprisonment for a term not to exceed 15 days, or to both fine and imprisonment.
This ordinance shall be known and may be cited as "An Ordinance Regulating Excavations in Streets or Highways in the Town of North Hempstead."
[Added 10-6-1992 by L.L. No. 8, 1992 [1]]
To comply with the Town of North Hempstead Highway Department's guidelines, the following are the requirements necessary in order to obtain permission to obtain road opening permits to install a circular driveway:
A. 
A minimum property frontage measurement of 50 feet is required.
B. 
The Highway Department will allow two single driveways of 10 feet each or one single driveway of 10 feet and one double driveway of 18 feet, but not two double driveways of 18 feet each.
C. 
Curb cut openings must remain at least two feet from each side property lines.
D. 
Curb cut openings must remain at least two feet from any existing trees, lightposts or fire hydrants.
E. 
It will be necessary for a span of 18 feet between each curb cut installed. (See diagram below.)
[1]
Editor's Note: This local law also provided for the redesignation of former § 18-10, When effective, as § 18-11.
This ordinance shall take effect immediately.