Town of North Hempstead, NY
Nassau County
By using eCode360 you agree to be legally bound by the Terms of Use. If you do not agree to the Terms of Use, please do not use eCode360.
Table of Contents
Table of Contents
[Amended 10-10-1967; 1-30-1973; 8-12-1980 by L.L. No. 11-1980; 12-17-1985 by L.L. No. 13-1985; 3-25-1986 by L.L. No. 3-1986; 7-17-1990 by L.L. No. 5-1990; 12-16-1997 by L.L. No. 25-1997; 10-6-1998 by L.L. No. 16-1998; 6-8-1999 by L.L. No. 7-1999; 10-2-2001 by L.L. No. 8-2001]
A. 
Parking requirements.
[Amended 9-30-2003 by L.L. No. 12-2003; 11-15-2005 by L.L. No. 13-2005]
(1) 
All districts. The following off-street parking requirements shall apply in all districts in which the enumerated uses are authorized, except where otherwise provided in the article regulating such districts. All references to parking space contained in this section shall be interpreted in conformity with the definition of "parking space" contained in § 70-231 of this chapter. Where any category below denotes that the requirement applies to area in excess of 1,000 square feet, the 1,000 square feet may be deducted only once; must be deducted from the total of all contiguous properties under common ownership and/or control of the applicant; and, at the option of the applicant, may be deducted from the most restrictive category applicable to the site.
[Amended 7-29-2008 by L.L. No. 7-2008; 9-22-2008 by L.L. No. 9-2008; 6-23-2009 by L.L. No. 11-2009; 1-24-2012 by L.L. No. 2-2012; 5-13-2014 by L.L. No. 8-2014; 3-20-2018 by L.L. No. 2-2018; 1-29-2019 by L.L. No. 3-2019]
Use
One Parking Space for Each
Dwelling of any kind other than those specifically listed below
1/2 dwelling unit
Retail food use, 1 to 12 seats
300 square feet
Retail food use, no seating
300 square feet of floor area in excess of 1,000 square feet
Hospital, clinic
2 beds, plus 1 space per employee
Hotel
Refer to § 70-103S
Industry
600 square feet of floor area
Place of public assembly or place of assembly, exclusive of restaurants (theater, lodge, club, hall, church, auditorium, bowling, gym, fitness center, etc.)
4 seats or 4 persons which can be legally accommodated, plus 1 space per employee
Restaurant/bar and grill
80 square feet of floor area, inclusive of outdoor seating areas, and 1 space per 3 linear feet of a bar or counter where food and/or drink are served as measured on the patron's side of the bar/counter. Spaces reserved for takeout/to-go orders are not counted towards satisfying parking requirements.
Retail store, personal service shop
300 square feet of floor area in excess of 1,000 square feet
Wholesale establishment, warehouse
600 square feet of floor area
All other business
300 square feet of floor area in excess of 1,000 square feet
Gasoline service station/convenience store, motor vehicle shop as defined in § 70-231, auto body shop, including any and all shops that work with and on vehicles
300 square feet of floor area; service bays, drive aisles, and areas utilized for the pumping of gas shall not be counted as or defined as off-street parking
Game courts (tennis, squash, handball, badminton)
1/8 of each game court, plus 10 spaces for each main structure
Medical, dental and similar offices
150 square feet of floor area in excess of 1,000 square feet
All other offices
200 square feet of floor area in excess of 1,000 square feet
Public housing
Dwelling unit
Dwelling unit in a mixed-use building
Dwelling unit
Senior independent-living facility
0.67 dwelling unit
Senior congregate-living facility
0.67 dwelling unit
Senior assisted-living facility
Dwelling unit
Senior day care
500 square feet of gross floor area
Nursing home/temporary care facility
2 beds
Child care, nursery school or similar facility
1 staff member, plus 1 parking space per each 15 children capacity, or portion thereof
Boatel
2 guest rooms or suites, plus 1 space per employee
Marina
Slip, plus 1 space per employee
(2) 
Multiple Residence District. Within a Multiple Residence District, there shall be provided on the premises parking or garage facilities at the rate of 2 1/4 spaces for each apartment other than one basement apartment. Such garage facilities shall not include space for more than six cars in one accessory building, which shall conform architecturally to the main building. Parking for senior citizen facilities within a Multiple Residence District shall be provided at the rates indicated in § 70-103A(1). Parking for dwelling units in a Multiple Residence District located within the New Cassel Urban Renewal Area shall be provided at the rate of 1/2 parking space per bedroom in the multiple residence building(s), but in no instance shall there be less than one parking space per dwelling unit.
(3) 
Golden Age Residence District. Within a Golden Age Residence District there shall be provided off-street parking at the rate of 1 1/4 spaces for each one of the dwelling units.
B. 
The parking area required shall be located on the premises, except as otherwise permitted for places of public assembly pursuant to § 70-103L(1). Access driveways shall be marked with arrows indicating the proper flow of traffic and individual parking spaces shown. In satisfying the off-street parking requirements as set forth in this section, for nonmedical office use and industrial use up to but not exceeding 20% of the off-street parking spaces may have dimensions of not less than nine feet by 18 feet and shall be so designated. With respect to all other uses, all off-street parking spaces must have dimensions of not less than 10 feet by 20 feet. Whenever parking requirements are calculated on the basis of floor area or space, all calculations should be made using the gross floor area as defined in § 70-231.
C. 
All areas devoted to off-street parking and access driveways shall be surfaced in accordance with specifications not less than those of the Town of North Hempstead requiring 4 1/2 inches of broken stone (after compaction) and 1 1/2 inches of premixed bituminous material (after compaction) or a minimum of four inches of portland cement concrete in accordance with Nassau County specifications, Class B concrete.
[Amended 10-6-1998 by L.L. No. 16-1998]
(1) 
Reinforced four-inch-deep concrete waffle-type pavers with grass or crushed stone filler in the voids may be installed in off-street parking areas in lieu of the above. The base for pavers shall be two inches compacted sand over either undisturbed earth or fill compacted to 95% maximum dry density.
(2) 
For residential applications, brick pavers over two inches compacted sand over either undisturbed earth or fill compacted to 95% maximum dry density shall also be acceptable.
D. 
Only one access road to a parking area shall be permitted where the property fronts on a state highway or other arterial road. Such access road shall provide separate means of ingress and egress with a traffic separator at the entrance.
E. 
Parking areas shall be illuminated at night only during the business hours of the stores or buildings which they serve, which illumination shall be extinguished within 1/2 hour after the close of business. Where said parking areas directly abut residential districts, the lighting fixtures and equipment shall be so designed and installed as to reflect away from and to shield such residential districts from the lights of the parking areas.
F. 
Provision for off-street loading and unloading shall be made on premises used for a business purpose in a location that will not interfere with accessory parking and means of ingress and egress thereto, and such areas shall be surfaced in the same manner as the parking areas. The area to be allocated for loading and unloading shall be at least 10 feet in width, 25 feet in length and 15 feet in clear height.
[Amended 9-9-2008 by L.L. No. 8-2008]
(1) 
Provisions for off-street loading and unloading shall be governed by the following requirements:
Use
One Loading Area for Each
Retail/warehouse
10,000 square feet
Office/hotel/all other businesses
40,000 square feet
(2) 
In no case shall more than three such spaces be required.
G. 
No part of any required parking area, access driveways or loading or unloading areas shall be used for the storage or abandonment of any article or material.
H. 
The parking requirements set forth in this article may be provided off the premises in an adjoining parking district where the plot in such parking district on which the parking area is to be established is in common ownership with the plot on which the use is to be located. For the purposes of this section, a parking district shall be considered adjoining in those cases where a public street or highway intervenes between the division line between districts.
I. 
All lighting of premises, other than places of public assembly, shall be directed away from any adjoining residences and shall not exceed a height of 20 feet above the grade of the premises. The location, candlepower and type of fixture to be installed shall be first approved by the Building Official.
J. 
All exits from parking areas fronting on a state highway or other arterial road shall have posted in a conspicuous place directional signs, with letters sufficiently large to be visible to the average motorist, directing traffic to flow from the exits in the direction of the traffic in the nearest lane to such exit.
K. 
Parking on vacant lots. Accessory parking of more than five automobiles or other motor vehicles on a vacant lot or lots situate within business or industrial districts may be permitted by the Board of Zoning and Appeals for a limited duration of time and subject to such conditions and safeguards as the Board may deem proper. The use of such lot or lots shall not include any other use or any storage, servicing or dismantling of automobiles or other motor vehicles. Such parking area shall not be used for any gainful purpose.
L. 
Off-street parking for places of public assembly.
(1) 
The off-street parking area required for places of public assembly pursuant to Article XII, § 70-103B, may be located not more than 500 feet distant from the place of public assembly which it shall serve.
(2) 
All off-street parking areas for places of public assembly as set forth in Subsection L hereof, when within 15 feet of any residence district, shall be screened from said residential district by a six-foot stockade-type fence along the property lines. In addition thereto, a fifteen-foot strip of land along said fence shall be planted with shrubs and trees of sufficient height and density to act as an additional screening between the residences and/or residential district and the area used for the parking of automobiles or vehicles.
(3) 
All of the parking areas for places of public assembly as set forth in this section shall comply with the requirements set forth in § 70-103B to E.
(4) 
All lighting of parking areas used in conjunction with places of public assembly as set forth in this section shall be directed away from the adjoining residences and shall not exceed a height of eight feet above the grade of the paved portion thereof. The location, candlepower and type of fixtures to be installed shall be first approved by the Building Official.
M. 
Parking or repair of vehicles in front yards. No space for the parking of motor vehicles shall be installed or maintained on any plot in the area required for the front yard of such plot in any district except when such a plot is used for one- or two-family dwellings and the parking is limited to the required parking or when permitted by the Board of Zoning and Appeals upon a finding that the enforcement of this prohibition will cause the occupant of the plot undue hardship and is not required in the public interest. No mechanical repair of motor vehicles or painting, repainting or repairs to the exterior bodies of motor vehicles shall be performed on any plot in the areas required or utilized for front yards pursuant to this local law.
N. 
Size of access aisles and parking spaces within a Hospital District. The width of access aisles and the length of parking spaces shall be measured perpendicular to the direction of traffic flow in the access aisle. The length of the parking space, measured as described above, shall be known as the "stall-to-curb dimension." The access aisle shall be the pavement providing ingress to and egress from the parking space, as well as general circulation in the parking area. These dimensions shall vary according to the angle formed by the parking space stripe and the direction of traffic flow in the aisle in accordance with the following table:
Space Size = 9 Feet 0 Inches
x 18 Feet 0 Inches
Parking Angle
(degrees)
Stall to Curb
(feet)
Access Aisle Width
(feet)
0
9 (by 23 long)
12
30
16 5/6
12
45
19 1/6
13
60
20 1/6
18
90
18
26
Space Size = 10 Feet 0 Inches
x 20 Feet 0 Inches
Parking Angle
(degrees)
Stall to Curb
(feet)
Access Aisle Width
(feet)
0
10 (by 23 long)
12
30
18 2/3
12
45
21 1/4
13
60
22 1/3
18
90
20
24
O. 
Size of access aisles and parking spaces in all districts other than the Hospital District. The width of access aisles and length of parking spaces shall be measured perpendicular to the direction of traffic flow in the access aisle. The length of the parking space, measured as described above, shall be known as the "stall-to-curb dimension." The access aisle shall be the pavement providing ingress to and egress from the parking space, as well as general circulation in the parking area. These dimensions shall vary according to the angle formed by the parking space strip and the direction of traffic flow in the aisle in accordance with the following table:
Space Size = 9 Feet 0 Inches
x 18 Feet 0 Inches
Parking Angle
(degrees)
Stall to Curb
(feet)
Access Aisle Width
(feet)
0
9 (by 23 long)
12
30
16 5/6
12
45
19 1/6
13
60
20  1/6
18
90
18
24
Space Size = 10 Feet 0 Inches
x 20 Feet 0 Inches
Parking Angle
(degrees)
Stall to Curb
(feet)
Access Aisle Width
(feet)
0
10 (by 23 long)
12
30
18 2/3
12
45
21 1/4
13
60
22 1/3
18
90
20
20
P. 
All parking spaces provided on a site located in the Business AA, Business A, Business B, Service Commercial, Industrial A and Industrial B Districts shall be open-air, ground-level parking except as provided in § 70-203 herein. No building or structure or portion thereof may be constructed over any parking space except as provided for in § 70-203U herein.
[Amended 2-15-2000 by L.L. No. 1-2000; 10-3-2006 by L.L. No. 14-2006]
Q. 
Off-street parking for senior citizen housing facilities.
(1) 
No parking shall be located in any required yard or buffer except when provided in accordance with landbanking provisions.
(2) 
No parking area shall be located within 10 feet of any window in a residential unit.
R. 
In the New Cassel Urban Renewal Area, off-street parking requirements shall be reduced by the number of on-street parking spaces located on the Prospect and Union Avenue street frontages, to be determined by dividing the total street frontage by a factor of 25.
[Added 9-30-2003 by L.L. No. 12-2003]
S. 
Parking for hotels shall be provided as follows: 0.75 space for every guest room, an additional one space for every 15 guest rooms shall be provided for employees. Additional parking for accessory uses shall be provided as follows: Meeting/conference/exhibit rooms: one space for every 100 square feet of floor area; restaurant/bar/lounge: one space for every 10 seats. No additional parking spaces are required for pools, saunas, exercise rooms or business/computer centers if those areas are accessible only to registered guests.
[Added 5-13-2014 by L.L. No. 8-2014]