Town of Middleton, MA
Essex County
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Table of Contents
Table of Contents
[HISTORY: Adopted by the Board of Selectmen of the Town of Middleton effective November 1996. Amendments noted where applicable.]
GENERAL REFERENCES
Personnel — See Ch. 68.

§ 387-1 Goals; scope.

A. 
It is the goal of the Town of Middleton to promote a workplace that is free of sexual harassment. Sexual harassment of employees occurring in the workplace or in other settings in which employees may find themselves in connection with their employment is unlawful and will not be tolerated by this organization. Further, any retaliation against an individual who has complained about sexual harassment or retaliation against individuals for cooperating with an investigation of a sexual harassment complaint is similarly unlawful and will not be tolerated. To achieve our goal of providing a workplace free of sexual harassment, the conduct that is described in this policy will not be tolerated and we have provided a procedure by which inappropriate conduct will be dealt with, if encountered by employees.
B. 
Because the Town of Middleton takes allegations of sexual harassment seriously, we will respond promptly to complaints of sexual harassment, and where it is determined that such inappropriate conduct has occurred, we will act promptly to eliminate the conduct and impose such corrective action as is necessary, including disciplinary action where appropriate.
C. 
Please note that while this policy sets forth our goals of promoting a workplace that is free of sexual harassment, the policy is not designed or intended to limit our authority to discipline or take remedial action for workplace conduct which we deem unacceptable, regardless of whether that conduct satisfies the definition of sexual harassment.

§ 387-2 Definition of sexual harassment.

A. 
In Massachusetts, the legal definition of sexual harassment is as follows: "Sexual harassment" means sexual advances, requests for sexual favors, and verbal or physical conduct of a sexual nature when:
(1) 
Submission to or rejection of such advances, requests or conduct is made either explicitly or implicitly a term or condition of employment or is a basis for employment decisions; or
(2) 
Such advances, requests or conduct has the purpose or effect of unreasonably interfering with an individual's work performance by creating an intimidating, hostile, humiliating or sexually offensive work environment.
B. 
Under these definitions, direct or implied requests by a supervisor for sexual favors in exchange for actual or promised job benefits, such as favorable reviews, salary increases, promotions, increased benefits, or continued employment, constitute sexual harassment.
C. 
The legal definition of sexual harassment is broad, and in addition to the above examples, other sexually oriented conduct, whether it is intended or not, that is unwelcome and has the effect of creating a workplace environment that is hostile, offensive, intimidating, or humiliating to male or female workers may also constitute sexual harassment.
D. 
While is not possible to list all those additional circumstances that may constitute sexual harassment, the following are some examples of conduct which, if unwelcome, may constitute sexual harassment depending upon the totality of the circumstances, including the severity of the conduct and its pervasiveness:
(1) 
Unwelcome sexual advances, whether they involve physical touching or not;
(2) 
Sexual epithets, jokes, written or oral references to sexual conduct, gossip regarding one's sex life, comment on a individual's body, and comments about an individual's sexual activity, deficiencies, or prowess;
(3) 
Displaying sexually suggestive objects, pictures, or cartoons;
(4) 
Unwelcome leering, whistling, brushing against the body, sexual gestures, or suggestive or insulting comments;
(5) 
Inquiries into one's sexual experiences; and
(6) 
Discussion of one's sexual activities.
E. 
All employees should take special note that, as stated above, retaliation against an individual who has complained about sexual harassment, and retaliation against individuals for cooperating with an investigation of a sexual harassment complaint, is unlawful and will not be tolerated by this organization.

§ 387-3 Complaints.

A. 
If any employee believes that he or she has been subjected to sexual harassment, the employee has a right to file a complaint with our department. This may be done in writing or orally.
B. 
If you would like to file a complaint you may do so by contacting either the department head or the Town Administrator who in turn will contact the Board of Selectmen.

§ 387-4 Investigation.

A. 
When we receive the complaint we will promptly investigate the allegation in a fair and expeditious manner. The investigation will be conducted in such a way as to maintain confidentiality to the extent practicable under the circumstances. Our investigation will include a private interview with the person filing the complaint and with witnesses. We will also interview the person alleged to have committed sexual harassment. When we have completed our investigation, we will, to the extent appropriate, inform the person filing the complaint and the person alleged to have committed the conduct of the results of that investigation.
B. 
If it is determined that inappropriate conduct has occurred, we will act promptly to eliminate the offending conduct, and where it is appropriate we will also impose disciplinary action.

§ 387-5 Disciplinary action.

If it is determined that inappropriate conduct has been committed by one of our employees, we will take action as is appropriate under the circumstances. Such action may range from counseling to termination from employment and may include such other forms of disciplinary action as we deem appropriate under the circumstances.

§ 387-6 State and federal remedies.

In addition to the above, if you believe you have been subjected to sexual harassment, you may file a formal complaint with either or both the government agencies set forth below. Using our complaint process does not prohibit you from filing a complaint with these agencies. Each of the agencies has a short time period for filing a claim (EEOC: 180 days; MCAD: six months).
A. 
The United States Equal Employment Opportunity Commission (EEOC), Congress Street - 10th Floor, Boston, MA 02114, 1-617-565-3200.
B. 
The Massachusetts Commission Against Discrimination (MCAD), 1 Ashburton Place - Room 601, Boston, MA 02108, 1-617-727-3990.