Town of LeRay, NY
Jefferson County
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Table of Contents
Table of Contents
The following are use regulations applicable to all districts except for uses located in county-adopted state-certified agricultural districts:

§ 158-42 Accessory uses and structures.

A. 
Agricultural buildings.
(1) 
No structure utilized for the housing, care, feeding or processing of livestock shall be placed closer than 75 feet to a residential lot line.
B. 
Swimming pools decks.
(1) 
Swimming pools and decks shall not be closer than 15 feet to a lot line or road line.
(2) 
Swimming pools shall not be closer than 15 feet to the principal structure for the lot therein.
(3) 
Swimming pools shall have a fence that is compliant with the Residential Code of New York State.
(4) 
Fencing for swimming pools shall comply with § 158-61.
C. 
All other accessory structures and uses.
(1) 
Accessory structures larger than 1,000 square feet in the MU, CC and MED Districts shall be required to obtain site plan approval. Unless stated otherwise within Articles II through VII, nonagricultural accessory structures in any district that are greater than 4,000 square feet shall be required to obtain site plan approval.
(2) 
Any use or structure which is permitted as a principal use within an individual zoning district administratively or via the site plan review process shall also be permitted as an accessory use or structure in the same district, subject to the same review and permit procedures as for a principal use.
(3) 
Accessory structures shall require a building permit from the Jefferson County Fire Prevention and Building Code Department unless meeting the definition of a shed or farm stand within Article I of this chapter.
(4) 
Accessory structures shall be subject to height restrictions pursuant to the applicable zoning district.
(5) 
Accessory structures shall be located no closer to a lot line than 10 feet.
(6) 
A permitted accessory structure that undergoes a change of use shall apply for a change of use permit, similar to any other structure or property.
D. 
Number permitted.
(1) 
In the MU, CC and MED Districts there shall be permitted one accessory structure per lot.
(2) 
In multifamily residential developments there shall be permitted one accessory structure for each three buildings in addition to detached garages or carports located on site.

§ 158-43 Adult entertainment and adult entertainment retail uses.

A. 
All such uses shall be at least 1,000 feet from the nearest lot line of any district in which adult entertainment is not a permitted use or any public, private or parochial school, library, park, church, playground or other recreational facility, or any place where large numbers of minors regularly travel or congregate.
B. 
All such uses shall be at least 1,000 feet from any municipal boundary.
C. 
All such uses shall not be located within a radius of 1,000 feet of any other adult entertainment or adult entertainment retail use.
D. 
All building openings, entries, windows, doors, etc., shall be located, covered or opaquely screened in such a manner as to prevent a view into the interior from any public or semipublic place.
E. 
Outside advertising for all such uses shall be limited to one advertising sign and shall meet all applicable regulations of Article XIII.
F. 
The use shall comply with all site, building, parking, landscaping and other such requirements of this chapter and for the applicable zoning district in which such use is located.

§ 158-44 Automotive uses.

A. 
Automotive uses include, but may not be limited to, the following uses:
Automotive repair, limited
Automotive sales and/or rental, limited
Automotive service, limited
Equipment sales, repair or rental
Motor vehicle truck rental establishment
Motor vehicle truck stop
Recreational vehicle sales, repair or rental, highway
Recreational vehicle sales, repair or rental, nonhighway
B. 
Setbacks and lot size.
(1) 
All automotive uses, buildings and accessory structures shall be so arranged and all servicing on the premises shall take place no closer to any lot line than 50 feet.
(2) 
The nearest edge of fuel pump islands and overhead canopies shall be located a minimum of 30 feet from any lot line.
(3) 
Below-grade fuel storage tanks shall be not less than 50 feet from the property line. There shall be no aboveground tanks for storage of gasoline, diesel fuel, or oil.
(4) 
Entrance and exit driveways shall be located at least 10 feet from any side or rear property line.
C. 
Lot size:
(1) 
Automotive use with sales: three acres, minimum.
(2) 
Automotive use without sales: 1.5 acre, minimum.
D. 
Screening.
(1) 
All junk, waste and servicing materials shall be stored within a structure or enclosed within fencing so as not to be visible from off the property.
(2) 
All automobile parts, partially dismantled motor vehicles or similar articles shall be stored within a building.
(3) 
Vehicles awaiting repairs shall be located in an area that is screened from public view.
(4) 
All repair and service work shall be conducted entirely within either a building or, where deemed appropriate by the Planning Board due to such factors as the size of the property involved and/or its location, shall be conducted entirely within a fenced-in area in which such work is visually screened from all adjoining properties and roadways.
(5) 
Vehicles requiring such work shall not be stored outdoors for a period exceeding 14 days, unless such vehicles are entirely located within a fenced-in area and are visually screened from all adjoining properties and roadways.
(6) 
A front yard landscape buffer 15 feet in depth from the property line shall be provided to screen storage areas where the Planning Board deems that a sufficient display of vehicles is achieved.
(7) 
A side yard landscape buffer 15 feet in depth from the property line shall also be provided if the side yard abuts a public right-of-way or residential lot line.
(8) 
Landscaping provided within front or side yard buffer areas for automotive uses shall count towards the required planting units as determined by the appropriate zoning classification. Additional plantings may be required at the discretion of the Planning Board to provide sufficient screening.
E. 
Vehicle storage and display.
(1) 
For service and repair establishments without sales, there shall be a limit of 10 registered vehicles stored on site waiting to be serviced, with no more than two unregistered vehicles permitted on site at any time.
(2) 
For establishments with sales:
(a) 
There shall be a limit of 10 registered vehicles stored on site waiting to be serviced.
(b) 
The number of vehicles on any given site shall not exceed 50 per gross acre.
(c) 
Maximum density pertains to all vehicles on the site, including but not limited to display, storage, repair, customer and employee vehicles. Said vehicles shall be confined to the portions of the site designated for them on the approved site plan.
(3) 
The densities of vehicles specified in this section may only be achieved if, in the Planning Board's opinion, the site can accommodate such densities without resulting in adverse visual impact.
(4) 
The site characteristics to be evaluated in this regard shall include, but not necessarily be limited to, the size and shape of the lot, the size and shape of the building, existing and proposed vegetation and the site's topography.
(5) 
The Planning Board shall determine whether any outdoor lifts or display pads for the parking, display or storage of vehicles shall be permitted. Not more than one vehicle display pad or lift, which may be elevated up to three feet in height, shall be permitted per 100 feet of street frontage.
(6) 
The parking, storage and display of vehicles and equipment along the site's roadway frontage(s) shall not exceed a one vehicle for every 20 feet of frontage, to a maximum of five vehicles or pieces of equipment.
F. 
Parking.
(1) 
Three visitor parking spaces per each acre or any part thereof, plus two parking spaces for each three employees, shall be provided.
(2) 
In addition to the above, one parking space per 200 square feet of retail and office space within the building shall be provided.
G. 
Miscellaneous.
(1) 
Refueling stations or automotive service stations are permitted one access drive, except stations located on a corner lot shall be permitted one access drive on each street.
(2) 
All customer parking areas shall be paved. The surfacing of all other areas on site shall be determined by the Planning Board.
(3) 
Overhead garage doors providing access to maintenance, repair or wash facilities shall not be located facing any street and shall be visually buffered from surrounding residential districts.
(4) 
Use of a building for residence or sleeping quarters shall not be permitted.
(5) 
All washing activities shall be carried on within an enclosed building. Vacuuming activities shall be permitted, provided such activities are located at least 50 feet from adjacent residentially zoned or used property.

§ 158-45 Essential services.

A. 
The proposed installation of essential services in a specific location shall be necessary and convenient for the efficiency of the essential service, or the satisfactory and convenient provision of service to the area in which the particular use is located.
B. 
The design of any building or structure in connection with such facility shall conform to the general character of the area and will not adversely affect the safe and comfortable enjoyment of property rights in the district in which it is to be located.
C. 
All major electrical transformer facilities or substations, if above ground, shall be screened from view from adjacent residential uses in accordance with the design standards for the appropriate zoning classification and also secured by a fence.
D. 
No transformer or associated switches shall be closer than 100 feet to any lot line.

§ 158-46 Family/caregiver apartments.

Family/caregiver apartments in any district shall be a maximum of 800 square feet in gross floor area.

§ 158-47 Junkyards and junk vehicles.

A. 
No junkyard shall be located within 200 feet of any adjoining property line or within 1,500 feet of any residential building (except that belonging to the owner of the junkyard), public park, church, educational facility, hospital, public building or other place of public gathering, or any stream, lake, pond, wetland, or other body of water.
B. 
Junkyards shall be set back at least 1,500 feet from the road line of any public highway.
C. 
Junkyards and junk vehicles on any lot in any district must be screened from view from public rights-of-way and neighboring properties through the construction and maintenance of an eight-foot-high opaque fence or screen meeting the requirements of § 158-61A.
D. 
All junkyards shall provide secure perimeter fencing six feet in height along the entire circumference of said junkyard operation. All materials dealt with by the operator of the junkyard shall be kept within such fence at all times.
E. 
Whenever the junkyard is not open for business, or temporarily not supervised, this fence, and any gate thereto, shall be secured or locked to prevent entry.
F. 
Where a junkyard or junk vehicle is or would be visible from a public highway or from neighboring properties, the fence shall be of materials sufficient to screen 100% of views into said junkyard from public rights-of-way and/or residential structures. In addition, the Planning Board shall require planting of evergreen trees or shrubbery between the fence and road line.
G. 
The junkyard shall not be used as a dump area by the public, and there will be no burning of automobiles or other materials.
H. 
All junkyards and junk vehicles shall conform to the regulations of the Town of LeRay Junkyards and Junk Storage Laws, Chapter 102. The provisions of this chapter shall take precedence and supersede any provisions of the Junkyard Law which are inconsistent with this chapter.
I. 
Section 158-47 does not apply to a farm operation in a state-certified county-adopted agricultural district.

§ 158-48 Mobile food service establishments.

A. 
All mobile food service establishments and commissaries must comply with New York State Public Health Law § 225, Part 14-4 of the New York State Sanitary Code. A copy of required permits shall be furnished to the Zoning Enforcement Officer.
B. 
There is no size limit to individual mobile food service establishments, except they must meet the following requirements:
(1) 
The units may only operate on an annual basis between May 1 and October 31.
(2) 
Units may operate for a period of less than four days without obtaining a permit.
(3) 
The unit must be a vehicle and not require a special permit from the New York Department of Transportation to be moved.
(4) 
Mobile food service establishments must be mobile at all times during operation. There is no requirement to move the unit at specific intervals; however, the unit must be on wheels at all times and have no permanent connections to any utility service, including water, sewer, natural gas, propane or electricity.
(5) 
The unit and all operations and equipment must be integral to the unit.
(6) 
Mobile food units shall contain no more than 12 cubic feet of storage.
C. 
Mobile food service establishments or commissaries shall be required to obtain a zoning permit pursuant to the requirements of this chapter.
D. 
The density of mobile food service establishments shall not exceed one such establishment per lot, and the site layout for the congregation of multiple establishments shall provide for adequate ingress, egress, customer parking and vehicular circulation space.
E. 
A minimum of five off-street parking spaces shall be provided for each mobile food service establishment for use by patrons.
F. 
Mobile food service establishments operating within existing parking lots shall not encumber more than 20% of the total number of parking spaces and shall not interfere with the parking lot circulation.

§ 158-49 Mining and forestry operations.

A. 
Access and hauling.
(1) 
Management and access roads shall not be located within 50 feet of a lot line or 150 feet of any residential structure.
(2) 
Routing of transport vehicles on roads controlled by the local government may be regulated in accordance with the State Vehicle and Traffic Law.
(3) 
All applicable load hauling permits must be obtained and active with the New York State Department of Transportation.
B. 
Mining operations.
(1) 
New York State Department of Environmental Conservation regulated mining operations. Requirements and conditions concerning setbacks from lot lines and public thoroughfare rights-of-way, natural or man-made barriers to restrict access, dust control, and hours of operation, placed on the mining operation by NYSDEC as part of its permit, shall also become requirements and conditions of the local approval.
(2) 
Locally regulated mining operation.
(a) 
No below-ground-level excavation of materials shall be located within 75 feet of any road line or property line.
(b) 
Where such operations are within 500 feet of a residential structure there shall be screening (approved by the Planning Board) to reduce visibility of the pit and eliminate noise and dust from residential properties.
(3) 
All excavation slopes in excess of one foot horizontal to two feet vertical shall be completely fenced to prohibit entrance by children and unauthorized individuals.
(4) 
Access drives within 200 feet of the public road shall be treated to prevent dust.
(5) 
Drainage facilities shall minimize erosion and stagnant ponds.
(6) 
Overburden removed and stockpiled on site in conjunction with mining operations greater than one acre in area shall be seeded to provide an effective covering crop within the first growing season following the end of such operation. See also § 158-66.
C. 
Forestry operations.
(1) 
Required permits.
(a) 
All relevant permits for stream crossings in accordance with the Clean Water Act and the Rivers and Harbors Act shall be acquired from the United States Army Corps of Engineers and the New York State Department of Environmental Conservation (NYSDEC). Where best management practices are utilized, there may be exemptions for certain stream crossings.
(b) 
The applicant shall comply with regulations and guidance provided by the NYSDEC relating to residual stand densities for timber harvesting in wetlands.
(c) 
The applicant shall comply with the New York State Forestry Best Management Practices Field Guide to ensure that road-building and logging activities are planned and conducted in a manner that minimizes impacts on water quality of local watercourses, water bodies and wetlands.

§ 158-50 Apartment buildings, multiple-family dwellings and townhouse clusters.

The following criteria shall be utilized by the Planning Board during the site plan review and approval process for apartment buildings, multiple-family dwellings and townhouse clusters.
A. 
Adequate provision shall be made for light, air, access, and privacy in the arrangement of buildings.
B. 
The front or rear of any principal building shall be no closer to the front or rear of any other principal building than 40 feet.
C. 
The front, rear or side of any building or accessory building shall be no closer than 40 feet to a town, county or state highway.
D. 
The front, rear, or side of any building or accessory building can be 20 feet from interior roadways.
E. 
The side of any principal building shall be no closer to the side, front or rear of any other principal building or to interior roads than 20 feet.
F. 
The maximum number of townhouse units within a single townhouse cluster shall be six.
G. 
The maximum length of any side of a principal building shall be 180 linear feet.
H. 
Any principal building 100 feet in length or more on any side shall provide a recess or projection of the building facade of greater than or equal to four feet, such that no single plane of any facade shall be longer than 80 feet.
I. 
No building shall be designed such that an entire facade is lacking in windows, doors, recesses, projections or other architectural articulation.
J. 
Parking areas shall be placed to the side and/or rear of buildings, at the discretion of the Planning Board. This requirement excludes individual townhouse dwelling unit garages, driveways and all on-street parking areas.
K. 
There shall be required one acre of lot area for each townhouse cluster.

§ 158-51 Nightclubs.

A. 
All nightclubs shall cease operation between 3:00 a.m. and 8:00 a.m.
B. 
Consistent with the NYSDEC Program Policy Guideline DEP-00-1 "Assessing and Mitigating Noise Impacts," nightclub operations shall not raise the ambient noise level [outside of such operation] above a maximum of 65 dBA.
C. 
Noise impacts associated with nightclub activities shall not exceed the lesser of the following, measured at a distance of 50 feet outward from the property boundary:
(1) 
Sixty-five dBA;
(2) 
An increase of six dBA over average ambient noise levels during the hours of 8:00 p.m. to 7:00 a.m.;
(3) 
An increase of 10 dBA over average ambient noise levels during the hours of 7:00 a.m. to 8:00 p.m.
D. 
All nightclub uses shall be at least 500 feet from the nearest lot line in which nightclub entertainment is not a permitted use or any public, private or parochial school, library, park, church, playground or other recreational facility.
E. 
The use shall comply with all site, building, parking, landscaping and other such requirements of this chapter and for the applicable zoning district in which such use is located.
F. 
The Planning Board may require parking in excess of requirements as stated within this chapter if projected capacity justifies further parking consideration.

§ 158-52 Noxious uses.

Noxious uses shall not be established within 1,500 feet of any off-premises residential structure or within 500 feet of any vacant lot line.

§ 158-53 Outdoor activities.

A. 
Outdoor activities are defined as any enterprise, operation or activity that occurs in a covered or unroofed area as part of a permitted commercial or industrial use on a lot and any outdoor display of materials, machinery, vehicles or things that may or may not be for sale or rent.
B. 
Nonenclosed areas for the storage and sale of seasonal inventory.
(1) 
These spaces shall be permanently defined and screened with walls or fences.
(2) 
Materials, colors and design of screening walls or fences shall conform to those used as predominant materials and colors on the building.
(3) 
If such areas are to be covered, then the covering shall be constructed of permanent materials in character with and similar to the colors and materials on the principal building.
(4) 
This section shall not apply to temporary seasonal sales uses that have valid temporary use zoning permits.
(5) 
The following shall apply to outdoor sales:
(a) 
Storage area shall be permanently defined and screened with walls or fences.
(b) 
The sales and storage area, including all areas within the defining walls or fences, shall be limited to 25% of the gross area of the lot for the primary use. Combined, they cannot exceed the maximum lot coverage of 35%.
(c) 
At the discretion of the Planning Board, temporary tents, canopies and tarps shall be permitted.
(d) 
Setbacks for any sales and/or storage area shall be the same as required for buildings.
(e) 
One parking space shall be provided for each employee employed within the outdoor sales area.

§ 158-54 Saw mills.

A. 
Saw mills producing up to 50,000 board feet of product per year are permitted as an accessory use to an approved use within AR and MED Districts only.
B. 
All saw mills conducted as a principal use on a lot regardless of annual output or location shall be required to obtain site plan approval.
C. 
All saw mill activities shall be conducted further than 200 feet from the nearest adjacent residential structure unless contained within an approved enclosed structure meeting requirements of this chapter.

§ 158-55 Self-storage storage facilities and temporary portable storage units.

A. 
Self-storage storage facility.
(1) 
All activities associated with the on-site retail sales of storage services, including the lease of fixed, individually secured and self-contained storage lockers or rooms, must occur within a permanent, approved and permitted structure on property owned, operated or otherwise legally controlled by the lessor of said retail storage services.
(2) 
The minimum lot area shall be one acre, with self-storage buildings required to uphold a setback of 150 feet from the New York State Department of Transportation rights-of-way. All other buildings or structures on site shall meet the setback requirements for the respective zoning classification.
(3) 
Rental storage units shall be used for storage only. Retail activities, storefronts and office activities shall be allowed on site and may be connected to the storage facility. No storage of perishable items or live animals shall be permitted.
(4) 
All storage shall be inside an enclosed building; however, any incidental outdoor storage, such as parking for automobiles, trucks, buses, motorcycles, and highway and nonhighway recreational vehicles, must be shown on the site plan, and it shall be screened with walls or fences as determined by the Planning Board.
(5) 
The setback requirements for outdoor storage areas shall be the same as required for buildings.
(6) 
See the appropriate zoning classification for dimensional and design standard regulations, unless otherwise stated in this section.
(7) 
Vehicle access shall be designed so as to accommodate auto, van, light-duty trucks and other two-axle vehicles. Internal site circulation lanes shall be adequate in dimensional cross-section, width and turning radii, where applicable, to provide for the maneuverability of fire trucks. Adequate access shall be determined by the Planning Board in consultation with the Highway Superintendent and Fire Districts.
(8) 
The building spacing must allow for a fire apparatus access lane as required by the New York State Building Code and be designed according to AASHTO standards to accommodate all types of vehicles maneuvering through the entire site.
(9) 
Decorative buffers and screening in accordance with the appropriate zoning classification shall be provided for aesthetic and security purposes along all site property lines which are contiguous with residentially developed and/or zoned properties.
(10) 
A front and side yard landscape buffer 15 feet in depth from the property line shall be provided to screen storage areas, except where adjoining development prohibits views to the rear of the property.
(11) 
In instances where development prohibits views to the rear of the property, landscaping and buffer requirements for the applicable zoning classification shall be determined at the discretion of the Planning Board.
(12) 
Storage unit doors shall be screened from visibility from public streets to the maximum extent practicable.
(13) 
One parking space shall be provided for each employee, plus one for every 200 retail storage units. Refer to the appropriate zoning classification for additional requirements. Vehicle parking shall be for customers and employees only while they are on the site.
B. 
Temporary portable storage units.
(1) 
Such units can only be used for the temporary on-site storage of personal property owned, operated or otherwise controlled by the lessee on real property owned, operated or otherwise controlled by the lessee within the permitted time period until such portable storage unit is removed.
(2) 
The lessee of the portable storage unit shall obtain a zoning permit.
(3) 
For residential and agricultural uses, a maximum of two temporary portable storage units shall be permitted per lot at the same time.
(4) 
For nonresidential and nonagricultural uses, up to 10 temporary portable storage units shall be permitted per lot, provided that said units are located to the rear of the building and screened from public areas.
(5) 
Except as provided in Section § 158-55(B)(8) below, temporary permits shall be for a period of six months. Application may be made for one renewal period not to exceed six months in duration.
(6) 
The zoning permit can be renewed under extenuating circumstances, but in no way shall the storage units become permanent.
(7) 
To the maximum extent possible, temporary portable storage units shall be located inside or in rear yards away from public roadways and residential uses.
(8) 
A temporary portable storage unit shall be allowed for 60 days on a residential or commercial construction site when granted a zoning permit.
(9) 
Exceptions include the storage of leased units containing personal property of the lessee completely enclosed within a permanent building having four opaque walls and a roof on real property owned, operated or otherwise controlled by the lessor. Any such activity, use or building shall be approved pursuant to the requirements of this chapter and shall not be deemed an accessory use.
(10) 
The lessor of the unit does have care, custody or control of the customers' goods.
(11) 
Unleased temporary portable storage units shall be screened from view from public areas.

§ 158-56 Storage, distribution, wrecker, and equipment uses.

A. 
Motor vehicle storage, wrecker, and equipment uses include, but may not be limited to, the following uses:
(1) 
Motor vehicle storage;
(2) 
Motor vehicle salvage or wrecking;
(3) 
Vehicle equipment sales, repair and rental, heavy;
(4) 
Construction storage yards;
(5) 
Warehouse, wholesale or distribution center.
B. 
In addition to all regulations as described in § 158-44, the following regulations shall apply to uses indicated in § 158-56:
(1) 
The minimum lot area shall be one acre, with a setback of 300 feet from the New York State Department of Transportation right-of-way.
(2) 
No facility shall be located within 25 feet of any adjoining residential property line (except that belonging to the owner of the vehicle wrecking and salvage yard) or within 200 feet of an adjacent residential building.
(3) 
There must be erected and maintained a six-foot-high fence around the facility adequate to prohibit the entrance of children and others into the area. The Planning Board may waive the requirement of fencing where topography or other natural conditions effectively prohibit the entrance of children or others.
(4) 
Where a facility would be visible from a public highway or from neighboring properties, the fence shall be of wood or other materials sufficient to completely screen the facility from view. In addition, the Planning Board shall require planting of evergreen trees or shrubbery between the fence and the road line. Refer to the design standards for buffers and screens for the appropriate zoning classification.
(5) 
The facility shall not be used as a junkyard. Refer to § 158-47, Junkyards and junk vehicles.
(6) 
The amount of vehicles, equipment and materials on any given lot shall not exceed a maximum of 50% of the gross lot area.

§ 158-57 Recreational vehicle parks.

Recreational vehicle parks shall be regulated to the standards set forth for manufactured home parks pursuant to § 158-117, with the following exceptions and additions:
A. 
Exceptions:
(1) 
Standards in § 158-117A, B, F and L shall not be requirements of recreational vehicle parks.
B. 
Additions:
(1) 
Recreational vehicle parks shall be required to obtain site plan approval from the Planning Board.
(2) 
An overnight recreational vehicle site shall be a minimum 1,500 square feet in size, and 2,500 square feet shall be provided for longer-term vacation camping sites. The site size shall not include roadways, park open space or any utility areas.
(3) 
The owner or manager of a recreational vehicle park shall maintain an office in the immediate vicinity of the park and shall maintain accurate records of the names of park residents, home addresses and types of vehicles. These records shall be available to any law enforcement official or the Zoning Enforcement Officer.
(4) 
All recreational vehicle parks shall meet with the requirements of Chapter I, New York State Sanitary Code, Part 7, Subpart 7-1, Temporary Residences and Mass Gatherings, which is adopted herein by reference and shall be subject to any other Town requirements.
(5) 
Manufactured homes shall not be parked permanently in any recreational vehicle park except for the owner/operator.
(6) 
Access to all sites shall be consistent with the standards set forth in Policy and Standards for Entrances to State Highways, as revised, published by the State of New York Department of Transportation.
(7) 
The minimum campsite area shall be 20 feet in width and 40 feet in length.
(8) 
Each parking space in a recreational vehicle park shall be improved with gravel or better covering, as approved by the Planning Board, in order to maintain a dust- and mud-free condition.
(9) 
Adequate numbers and locations of restrooms and shower facilities shall be provided, with appropriate parking areas adjacent thereto.
(10) 
Refuse collection areas shall be provided in key locations throughout the park or campground, with provisions for screening and refuse separation for recycling containers and collection.
(11) 
All utilities shall be placed underground.
(12) 
A secondary emergency exit shall be provided and properly signed.