Village of Greendale, WI
Milwaukee County
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Table of Contents
Table of Contents
[HISTORY: Adopted by the Village Board of the Village of Greendale by Ord. No. 707 (Ch. 20 of the Code of Ordinances). Amendments noted where applicable.]
GENERAL REFERENCES
Municipal utilities — See Ch. 13.
Building Code — See Ch. 15.

20.01 Purpose and scope.

(1) 
The purpose of this chapter is to provide a minimum set of standards in order to provide practical safeguarding of persons and property from health hazards arising from the installation and use of plumbing and potable water.
(2) 
The scope of this chapter shall include plumbing installations from the point of the public water and/or sewer utility to the point of termination on private property.

20.02 Plumbing defined.

In this chapter, "plumbing" means and includes:
(1) 
All piping, fixtures, appliances, equipment, devices and appurtenances in connection with the water supply, water distribution and drainage systems, including hot water storage tanks, water softeners and water heaters connected with such water and drainage systems, and also includes the installation thereof.
(2) 
The construction, connection or installation of any drain or waste piping system from the outside or proposed outside foundation walls of any building to the mains or other sewerage system terminal within bounds of or beneath an area subject to easement for highway purposes, including private sewage systems, and the alteration of any such systems, drains or waste piping.
(3) 
The water service piping from the outside or proposed outside foundation walls of any building to the main or other water utility service terminal within bounds of or beneath an area subject to easement for highway purposes and its connections.
(4) 
The water pressure system other than municipal systems as provided in Ch. 281, Wis. Stats.
(5) 
A plumbing and drainage system so designed and vent piping so installed as to keep the air within the system in free circulation and movement; to prevent with a margin of safety unequal air pressures of such force as might blow, siphon or affect trap seals, or retard the discharge from plumbing fixtures, or permit sewer air to escape into the building; to prohibit cross-connection, contamination or pollution of the potable water supply and distribution systems; and to provide an adequate supply of water to properly serve, cleanse and operate all fixtures, equipment, appurtenances and appliances served by the plumbing system.

20.03 State regulations adopted.

(1) 
The provisions and regulations of Ch. 145, Wis. Stats., and Chs. Comm 25 and 82 to 87, Wis. Adm. Code, and future amendments thereto, are made a part of this chapter by reference and shall extend over and govern the installation of all plumbing installed, altered, or repaired in the Village, except as otherwise provided herein.
[Amended 1-6-1998 by Ord. No. 751]
(2) 
To be on file. A copy of the State Plumbing Code shall be on file in the office of the Plumbing Inspector.

20.04 Plumbing Inspector.

(1) 
Appointment, term and compensation. The Village Manager shall appoint a Plumbing Inspector, along with such other plumbing inspectors as he deems necessary, who shall be a licensed plumber, practical plumber, skilled sanitarian or competent person familiar with plumbing and whose compensation shall be as fixed by the Village Board from time to time.
(2) 
Duties and authority. The Plumbing Inspector shall enforce all provisions of this chapter and all other state and Village provisions relating to the construction, installation, alteration and repair of all plumbing within the Village and shall make such inspections, witness all required tests and issue such orders as may be necessary for such enforcement.

20.05 Inspections; stop-work orders.

(1) 
Notice of inspection. Upon the completion of the plumbing on any building or before any plumbing is to be hidden from view, it shall be the duty of the person, firm or corporation doing the same to notify the Plumbing Inspector, and he shall inspect the installation. If the inspection is not made by the end of the normal business day following the day of notification, not including Saturday, Sunday or legal holidays, the plumber may proceed with the testing and the installation.
(a) 
Rough and final inspections shall be required unless otherwise indicated by the Plumbing Inspector.
(b) 
Failure of a master plumber to report for inspection all work done by him other than repair work is a violation of this chapter.
(2) 
Preparations for inspection. When the installation is ready for inspection, the plumber shall make such arrangements as will enable the Plumbing Inspector to inspect all parts of the plumbing system. The plumber shall have present the proper apparatus and appliances for making the tests and shall furnish such assistance as may be necessary in making the inspection. All plumbing work shall be tested in accordance with the provisions set forth in Ch. Comm 82, Wis. Adm. Code.
[Amended 1-6-1998 by Ord. No. 751]
(3) 
Stop-work orders.
(a) 
The Plumbing Inspector may order work stopped on the construction, installation, alteration or repair of plumbing when such work is being done in violation of this chapter. Work so stopped shall not be resumed except upon the verbal or written permission of the Plumbing Inspector, provided that if the stop-work order is given verbally, it shall be followed by a written order within a reasonable period of time.
(b) 
No person shall use or permit to be used any plumbing until it has been inspected and approved by the Plumbing Inspector.

20.06 Right of entry.

(1) 
In the discharge of his/her duties, the Plumbing Inspector or his authorized agent may enter any building, upon presentation of the proper credentials, during reasonable hours for the purpose of inspection and may require the production of any permit or license required hereunder. No person shall interfere with the Inspector or his authorized agent while in the performance of his duties, and any person so interfering shall be in violation of this chapter and subject to a penalty as provided by § 20.14.
(2) 
If consent to entry to personal or real properties which are not public buildings, or to portions of public buildings which are not open to the public, for inspection purposes has been denied, the Plumbing Inspector shall obtain a special inspection warrant under § 66.0119, Wis. Stats.

20.07 Permits.

(1) 
Required. No work contemplated by this chapter shall be started until a permit therefor has been obtained from the Plumbing Inspector or his authorized agent, provided that no permit shall be required for minor repairs to faucets or the removal of stoppages in soil and waste pipes.
(2) 
Application. The application shall be in writing upon forms which the Plumbing Inspector shall provide and shall include the name of the owner and the description of the property on which the work is to be done, along with such pertinent information as the Plumbing Inspector may require, and shall state that the property owner and the applicant will be bound by and subject to the provisions of this chapter.
(3) 
Issuance, term, suspension and revocation. When the Plumbing Inspector is satisfied that the work proposed by the applicant can be done in conformity with the provisions of this chapter, and after the appropriate fees have been paid, the Plumbing Inspector or his authorized agent shall issue the permit. Such permit shall be good for the continuous performance of the work named thereon. A permit shall automatically expire when work ceases for a period of 60 days without good and reasonable cause for the same and shall automatically expire on completion of the work for which it was issued, provided that the Plumbing Inspector may, upon notice, suspend or revoke such permit for violation of the provisions of this chapter.
(4) 
Restrictions on issuance. No plumbing permit shall be issued to any person against whom an order issued by the Plumbing Inspector is pending, provided that this restriction may be waived by the Plumbing Inspector.
(5) 
Appeals for failure to issue, suspension and revocation. Any person directly interested who is aggrieved by the decision of the Plumbing Inspector to refuse to issue a permit or to suspend or revoke such permit or to order work stopped under § 20.05(3) may obtain review of such determination under § 1.44 of this Code.
(6) 
Fees.
[Amended 12-3-2002 by Ord. No. 795; 12-2-2003 by Ord. No. 802]
(a) 
Fee schedule.[1]
1. 
A fee as set by the Village Board in the fee schedule on file at the office of the Village Clerk-Treasurer shall be paid to the Clerk-Treasurer before the plumbing permit is issued.
2. 
When a property is benefited by connecting private service laterals to a sanitary sewer or water main, either previously existing or newly constructed, and where no assessments for the sanitary sewer and water main improvements have been previously levied against the property, the Village Board shall cause a connection fee to be charged to the benefited property in lieu of the special assessment normally charged to abutting owners. A connection fee shall be based on the current costs of construction for such improvement.
3. 
Inspection fees shall apply to water, sewer and waste connections for all types of acid and developing tanks, air conditioners, backflow prevention devices, bar and soda fountain fixtures, bathtubs, bottle washing machines, bottle washing tanks, drinking fountains, chillers, clothes washing machine hookups, coffee makers, cooling towers, cuspidors, dipper wells, dishwashers, drinking fountains, egg boilers, food waste disposers, gang shower heads, glass fillers, hose thread faucets, all laboratory and clinic fixtures, hot water storage tanks, hydrants, ice makers, laundry trays, novelty boxes, potato peelers, pressure-reducing valves, shampoo basins, shower stalls, sinks, steam kettles, steam tables, trap primers, turf sprinkling systems, unfired pressure vessels, urinals, vacuum pumps, wall hydrants, wash basins, wash fountains, water closets, water filters, water heaters, water softeners, and any other appliance connected with the water supply or drainage systems. This shall apply to sewer and waste connections for all types of area drains, backwater valves, catch basins or similar receptacles, conductors, deck drains, drain tile receivers, ejectors for sumps, floor drains, funnel connections, grease and oil interceptors, ice boxes, ice chests, manholes, pumps, refrigerators, roof drains, site drains, and final waste connections made to the sanitary or storm building sewer drain or branches leading into the same. Such fees shall also apply to any changes or alterations in any plumbing or drainage system where inspections are required.
[1]
Editor's Note: Amended at time of adoption of Code (see Code Adoption Ordinance).
(b) 
Failure to obtain permit before work commences. (Penalty fees do not apply to emergency cases.) Double fees shall be charged for the first offense and triple fees for subsequent offenses.
(c) 
Permit fees. All permit fees shall be paid to the Village Clerk-Treasurer, and no permit shall be issued or valid unless approved by an authorized agent of the Department of Inspection Services and the fee paid to the Village in the amount required for such permit. The fees for permits provided by this chapter shall become the property of the Village. If a plumbing permit is issued and not used, only that portion of the permit fee in excess of $30 will be refunded. No permit fees shall be refunded for permits which have expired under the provisions of Subsection (3).
(d) 
Amending fees. The Village Board may amend the above plumbing permit fees from time to time though the passage of a resolution.

20.08 Plumbers to be licensed.

All plumbing work shall be done only by a plumber licensed by the state for such work, provided that a property owner may perform minor repairs or installations in a single-family building owned and occupied by him as his home if a permit therefor is issued and the work is done in compliance with this chapter.

20.09 Records.

There shall be kept by the Plumbing Inspector a complete record of all applications and permits, all inspections made and other official work performed under this chapter so arranged as to promptly afford information concerning plumbing installations.

20.10 Sump pumps.

All sump pumps installed for the purpose of discharging clear waters from foundation drains and ground infiltration shall have the sump pump discharge in such a manner so as not to adversely affect adjacent property or to create any nuisance.

20.11 Private wells.

(1) 
Purpose. The purpose of this section is to protect public health, safety and welfare and to prevent contamination of groundwater by assuring that unused, unsafe or noncomplying wells or wells which may act as conduits for contamination of groundwater or wells which may be illegally cross-connected to the municipal water system are properly maintained or abandoned.
(2) 
Applicability. This section applies to all wells located on premises served by the municipal water system.
(3) 
Definitions. As used in this section, certain words and phrases shall be defined as follows:
MUNICIPAL WATER SYSTEM
The community water system owned by the Village and operated by the Water Utility.
NONCOMPLYING
A well or pump installation which does not comply with § NR 812.42, Wis. Adm. Code, Standards for existing installations, and which has not been granted a variance pursuant to § NR 812.43, Wis. Adm. Code.
PUMP INSTALLATION
The pump and related equipment used for withdrawing water from a well, including the discharge piping, the underground connections, pitless adapters, pressure tanks, pits, sampling faucets and well seals or caps.
UNSAFE
A well or pump installation which produces water which is bacteriologically contaminated or exceeds the drinking water standards of § NR 812.06, Wis. Adm. Code, or for which a health advisory has been issued by the Department of Natural Resources.
UNUSED
A well or pump installation which is not used or does not have a functional pumping system.
WELL
An excavation or opening into the ground made by digging, boring, drilling, driving, or other methods for the purpose of obtaining groundwater for consumption or other use.
WELL ABANDONMENT
The proper filling and sealing of a well according to the provisions of § NR 812.26, Wis. Adm. Code.
(4) 
Abandonment required.
(a) 
All wells on premises served by the municipal water system shall be properly abandoned in accordance with Subsection (6) of this section no later than 90 days from the date of connection to the municipal water system unless a valid well operation permit has been issued to the well owner by the Plumbing Inspector in accordance with Subsection (5).
(b) 
Existing private wells located on any premises to which municipal water service is provided may continue to be used as long as a well operation permit has been issued under Subsection (5) within 180 days of the effective date of this section.
(5) 
Well operation permit.
(a) 
A renewable permit may be granted to a private well owner, automatically transferred to a subsequent owner if sale occurs during a five-year period, to operate a well for a period not to exceed five years if the following requirements are met:
1. 
The owner shall be responsible for having a licensed well contractor verify that the well and pump meet the standards for existing installations described in § NR 812.42, Wis. Adm. Code.
2. 
The well and pump shall have a history of producing safe water evidenced by at least two coliform bacteria samples taken a minimum of two weeks apart. In areas where the Department of Natural Resources has determined that groundwater aquifers are contaminated with substances other than bacteria, additional chemical tests may be required to evidence safety of the water. The owner shall be responsible for providing the safe water sample test data to the Plumbing Inspector.
3. 
There shall be no cross-connections between the well's pump installation or distribution piping and the municipal water system.
4. 
The well water shall not discharge into a drain leading directly to a public sewer utility unless properly metered and authorized by the sewer utility.
5. 
The well shall have a functional pumping system, and the proposed use of the well water shall be justified as reasonable in addition to water provided by the municipal water system.
(b) 
A well operation permit may be renewed by repeating the same procedures outlined in this Subsection (5).
(c) 
Existing wells for which a well operation permit has been issued under this Subsection (5) shall be abandoned within 90 days after the expiration or revocation of a permit issued under this Subsection (5).
(6) 
Abandonment procedures.
(a) 
All wells abandoned under the jurisdiction of this chapter shall be done according to the procedures and methods of § NR 812.26, Wis. Adm. Code. All debris, pumps, piping, unsealed liners and any other obstructions which may interfere with sealing operations shall be removed prior to abandonment.
(b) 
The owner of the well, or the owner's agent, shall be required to obtain a well abandonment permit prior to any well abandonment and notify the Plumbing Inspector in advance of any well abandonment activities. The well abandonment procedure shall be observed by the Plumbing Inspector or his authorized agent. The Plumbing Inspector may, at his discretion, accept written verification from a certified contractor that the well has been abandoned in accordance with the proper procedures outlined in § NR 812.26.
(c) 
An abandonment report form supplied by the Department of Natural Resources shall be submitted by the well owner to the Plumbing Inspector and the Department of Natural Resources within 30 days of the completion of the well abandonment.

20.12 Private sewage systems.

(1) 
State law. This section shall be subject to the provisions of Ch. 145, Wis. Stats., as amended from time to time, and all subsequent rules and regulations promulgated thereunder regarding private sewage systems.
(2) 
Issuing agent. The Plumbing Inspector or his/her authorized agent shall act as the Village issuing agent and is hereby assigned the duties of administering the private sewage system program.
(3) 
Sanitary permit.
(a) 
Validity.
1. 
No person shall install a private sewage system unless the owner of the property on which the private sewage system is to be installed holds a valid sanitary permit.
2. 
No person shall sell at retail a septic tank for installation unless the purchaser holds a valid sanitary permit.
3. 
A sanitary permit is valid for two years from the date of issue and renewable for similar periods thereafter.
(b) 
Application forms. The issuing agent shall use the sanitary permit forms provided by the State Department of Commerce.
[Amended 1-6-1998 by Ord. No. 751]
(c) 
Application process.
1. 
The applicant shall submit the completed sanitary permit application to the issuing agent.
2. 
The issuing agent shall review the certified soil tester reports for the proposed private sewage systems and verify the report at the proposed site, if necessary.
3. 
The issuing agent shall approve or disapprove applications for sanitary permits and assist applicants in preparing an approvable application.
4. 
The issuing agent shall issue written notice to each applicant whose sanitary permit application is disapproved. Each notice shall:
a. 
State the specific reasons for disapproval and amendments to the application, if any, which would render the application approvable.
b. 
Inform the applicant of the right of appeal and the procedures for conducting an appeal under § 1.44 of this Code.
(4) 
Permit fee. The fee for a sanitary permit shall be as set by the Village Board in the fee schedule on file at the office of the Village Clerk-Treasurer.[1]
[1]
Editor's Note: Amended at time of adoption of Code (see Code Adoption Ordinance).
(5) 
Inspection.
(a) 
The issuing agent shall inspect or cause the inspection of all private sewage systems after construction, but before backfilling, no later than the end of the next workday, excluding Saturdays, Sundays and holidays, after receiving notice from the plumber in charge.
(b) 
The issuing agent shall file reports and conduct surveys as required by the Village or the Department.
(6) 
Violations. The issuing agent shall investigate violations of this section, issue orders to abate the violations and submit orders to the Village Attorney or Attorney General for enforcement.
(7) 
Other duties. The issuing agent shall perform other duties regarding private sewage systems as considered appropriate by the Village or as required by the rules of the Department.

20.13 Liability.

This chapter shall not be construed to relieve from or lessen the responsibility or liability of any person supplying plumbing to or selling, renting, leasing, owning, using, operating, controlling, installing, altering, removing, replacing, disturbing, repairing, connecting, disconnecting or maintaining any plumbing system for damages to person or property caused by any defect therein or therefrom, nor shall the Village or its officers be held as assuming any such responsibility or liability by reason of the issuance or revocation of any permit or the inspection authorized by this chapter or by reason of the approval or disapproval of any plumbing product, equipment, sales, rentals, drawings, plans, specifications, materials, samples, test reports, literature, information or schedules authorized in this chapter. The Village or its officers shall not be held liable for any damages resulting from the enforcement of this chapter.

20.14 Violations and penalties.

Any person who shall violate any provision of this chapter, or any regulation, rule or order made hereunder, shall be subject to a penalty as provided in § 25.04 of this Code.