Borough of Cresskill, NJ
Bergen County
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[Adopted 4-5-2000 by Ord. No. 00-5-1213; amended in its entirety 10-20-2010 by Ord. No. 10-19-1398]

§ 275-120 Affordable Housing Obligation

A. 
This article is intended to assure that low- and moderate-income units ("affordable units") are created with controls on affordability over time and that low- and moderate-income households shall occupy these units. This article shall apply except where inconsistent with applicable law.
B. 
The Borough of Cresskill Planning Board has adopted a Housing Element and Fair Share Plan pursuant to the Municipal Land Use Law at N.J.S.A. 40:55D-1 et seq. The Fair Share Plan has been endorsed by the governing body. The Fair Share Plan describes the ways the Borough of Cresskill shall address its fair share for low- and moderate-income housing as determined by the Council on Affordable Housing (COAH) and documented in the Housing Element.
C. 
This article implements and incorporates the Fair Share Plan and addresses the requirements of N.J.A.C. 5:97, as may be amended and supplemented.
D. 
The Borough of Cresskill shall file monitoring reports with COAH in accordance with N.J.A.C. 5:96, tracking the status of the implementation of the Housing Element and Fair Share Plan. Any plan evaluation report of the Housing Element and Fair Share Plan and monitoring prepared by COAH in accordance with N.J.A.C. 5:96 shall be available to the public at the Borough of Cresskill Municipal Building, Municipal Clerk's Office, 67 Union Avenue, Cresskill, New Jersey, 07626, or from COAH at 101 South Broad Street, Trenton, New Jersey, and on COAH's website, www.nj.gov/dca/affiliates/coah.

§ 275-121 Definitions.

The following terms, when used in this article, shall have the meanings given in this section:
ACCESSORY APARTMENT
A self-contained residential dwelling unit with a kitchen, sanitary facilities, sleeping quarters and a private entrance, which is created within an existing home, or through the conversion of an existing accessory structure on the same site, or by an addition to an existing home or accessory building, or by the construction of a new accessory structure on the same site.
ACT
The Fair Housing Act of 1985, P.L. 1985, c. 222 (N.J.S.A. 52:27D-301 et seq.).
ADAPTABLE
Constructed in compliance with the technical design standards of the Barrier Free Subcode, N.J.A.C. 5:23-7.
ADMINISTRATIVE AGENT
The entity responsible for the administration of affordable units in accordance with this article, N.J.A.C. 5:96, N.J.A.C. 5:97 and N.J.A.C. 5:80-26.1 et seq.
AFFIRMATIVE MARKETING
A regional marketing strategy designed to attract buyers and/or renters of affordable units pursuant to N.J.A.C. 5:80-26.15.
AFFORDABILITY AVERAGE
The average percentage of median income at which restricted units in an affordable housing development are affordable to low- and moderate-income households.
AFFORDABLE
A sales price or rent within the means of a low- or moderate-income household as defined in N.J.A.C. 5:97-9; in the case of an ownership unit, that the sales price for the unit conforms to the standards set forth in N.J.A.C. 5:80-26.6, as may be amended and supplemented, and, in the case of a rental unit, that the rent for the unit conforms to the standards set forth in N.J.A.C. 5:80-26.12, as may be amended and supplemented.
AFFORDABLE DEVELOPMENT
A housing development all or a portion of which consists of restricted units.
AFFORDABLE HOUSING DEVELOPMENT
A development included in the Housing Element and Fair Share Plan, and includes, but is not limited to, an inclusionary development, a municipal construction project or a one-hundred-percent-affordable development.
AFFORDABLE HOUSING PROGRAM(S)
Any mechanism in a municipal Fair Share Plan prepared or implemented to address a municipality's fair share obligation.
AFFORDABLE UNIT
A housing unit proposed or created pursuant to the Act, credited pursuant to N.J.A.C. 5:97-4, and/or funded through an affordable housing trust fund.
AGENCY
The New Jersey Housing and Mortgage Finance Agency established by P.L. 1983, c. 530 (N.J.S.A. 55:14K-1 et seq.).
AGE-RESTRICTED UNIT
A housing unit designed to meet the needs of, and exclusively for, the residents of an age-restricted segment of the population such that all the residents of the development where the unit is situated are 62 years or older; or at least 80% of the units are occupied by one person that is 55 years or older; or the development has been designated by the Secretary of the U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development as "housing for older persons" as defined in Section 807(b)(2) of the Fair Housing Act, 42 U.S.C. § 3607.
ASSISTED LIVING RESIDENCE
A facility licensed by the New Jersey Department of Health and Senior Services to provide apartment-style housing and congregate dining and to assure that assisted living services are available when needed for four or more adult persons unrelated to the proprietor and that offers units containing, at a minimum, one unfurnished room, a private bathroom, a kitchenette and a lockable door on the unit entrance.
CERTIFIED HOUSEHOLD
A household that has been certified by an administrative agent as a low-income household or moderate-income household.
COAH
The Council on Affordable Housing, which is in, but not of, the Department of Community Affairs of the State of New Jersey, that was established under the New Jersey Fair Housing Act (N.J.S.A. 52:27D-301 et seq.).
DCA
The State of New Jersey Department of Community Affairs.
DEFICIENT HOUSING UNIT
A housing unit with health and safety code violations that require the repair or replacement of a major system. A major system includes weatherization, roofing, plumbing (including wells), heating, electricity, sanitary plumbing (including septic systems), lead paint abatement and/or load-bearing structural systems.
DEVELOPER
Any person, partnership, association, company or corporation that is the legal or beneficial owner or owners of a lot or any land proposed to be included in a proposed development including the holder of an option to contract or purchase, or other person having an enforceable proprietary interest in such land.
DEVELOPMENT
The division of a parcel of land into two or more parcels, the construction, reconstruction, conversion, structural alteration, relocation, or enlargement of any use or change in the use of any building or other structure, or of any mining, excavation or landfill, and any use or change in the use of any building or other structure, or land or extension of use of land, for which permission may be required pursuant to N.J.S.A. 40:55D-1 et seq.
INCLUSIONARY DEVELOPMENT
A development containing both affordable units and market rate units. This term includes, but is not necessarily limited to, new construction, the conversion of a nonresidential structure to residential and the creation of new affordable units through the reconstruction of a vacant residential structure.
LOW-INCOME HOUSEHOLD
A household with a total gross annual household income equal to 50% or less of the median household income.
LOW-INCOME UNIT
A restricted unit that is affordable to a low-income household.
MAJOR SYSTEM
The primary structural, mechanical, plumbing, electrical, fire protection, or occupant service components of a building which include, but are not limited to, weatherization, roofing, plumbing (including wells), heating, electricity, sanitary plumbing (including septic systems), lead paint abatement or load bearing structural systems.
MARKET-RATE UNITS
Housing not restricted to low- and moderate-income households that may sell or rent at any price.
MEDIAN INCOME
The median income by household size for the applicable county, as adopted annually by COAH.
MODERATE-INCOME HOUSEHOLD
A household with a total gross annual household income in excess of 50% but less than 80% of the median household income.
MODERATE-INCOME UNIT
A restricted unit that is affordable to a moderate-income household.
NONEXEMPT SALE
Any sale or transfer of ownership other than the transfer of ownership between husband and wife; the transfer of ownership between former spouses ordered as a result of a judicial decree of divorce or judicial separation, but not including sales to third parties; the transfer of ownership between family members as a result of inheritance; the transfer of ownership through an executor's deed to a Class A beneficiary and the transfer of ownership by court order.
RANDOM SELECTION PROCESS
A process by which currently income-eligible households are selected for placement in affordable housing units such that no preference is given to one applicant over another except for purposes of matching household income and size with an appropriately priced and sized affordable unit (e.g., by lottery).
REGIONAL ASSET LIMIT
The maximum housing value in each housing region affordable to a four-person household with an income at 80% of the regional median as defined by COAH's adopted Regional Income Limits published annually by COAH.
REHABILITATION
The repair, renovation, alteration or reconstruction of any building or structure, pursuant to the Rehabilitation Subcode, N.J.A.C. 5:23-6.
RENT
The gross monthly cost of a rental unit to the tenant, including the rent paid to the landlord, as well as an allowance for tenant-paid utilities computed in accordance with allowances published by DCA for its Section 8 program. In assisted living residences, rent does not include charges for food and services.
RESTRICTED UNIT
A dwelling unit, whether a rental unit or ownership unit, that is subject to the affordability controls of N.J.A.C. 5:80-26.1, as may be amended and supplemented, but does not include a market-rate unit financed under UHORP or MONI.
UHAC
The Uniform Housing Affordability Controls set forth in N.J.A.C. 5:80-26.1 et seq.
VERY LOW-INCOME HOUSEHOLD
A household with a total gross annual household income equal to 30% or less of the median household income.
VERY LOW-INCOME UNIT
A restricted unit that is affordable to a very low-income household.
WEATHERIZATION
Building insulation (for attic, exterior walls and crawl space), siding to improve energy efficiency, replacement storm windows, replacement storm doors, replacement windows and replacement doors, and is considered a major system for rehabilitation.

§ 275-122 Affordable housing programs.

The Borough of Cresskill has determined that it will use the following mechanisms to satisfy its affordable housing obligations:
A. 
A rehabilitation program.
(1) 
The Borough of Cresskill's rehabilitation program shall be designed to renovate deficient housing units occupied by low- and moderate-income households such that, after rehabilitation, these units will comply with the New Jersey State Housing Code pursuant to N.J.A.C. 5:28.
(2) 
Both owner-occupied and renter-occupied units shall be eligible for rehabilitation funds.
(3) 
All rehabilitated units shall remain affordable to low- and moderate-income households for a period of 10 years (the control period). For owner-occupied units the control period will be enforced with a lien, and for renter-occupied units the control period will be enforced with a deed restriction.
(4) 
The Borough of Cresskill shall dedicate a minimum of $10,000 for each unit to be rehabilitated through this program, reflecting the minimum hard cost of rehabilitation for each unit.
(5) 
The Borough of Cresskill shall adopt a resolution committing to fund any shortfall in the rehabilitation programs for the Borough of Cresskill.
(6) 
The Borough of Cresskill shall designate, subject to the approval of COAH, one or more administrative agents to administer the rehabilitation program in accordance with N.J.A.C. 5:96 and N.J.A.C. 5:97. The administrative agent(s) shall provide a rehabilitation manual for the owner occupancy rehabilitation program and a rehabilitation manual for the rental occupancy rehabilitation program to be adopted by resolution of the governing body and subject to approval of COAH. Both rehabilitation manuals shall be available for public inspection in the office of the Municipal Clerk and in the office(s) of the administrative agent(s).
(7) 
Units in a rehabilitation program shall be exempt from N.J.A.C. 5:97-9 and Uniform Housing Affordability Controls (UHAC), but shall be administered in accordance with the following:
(a) 
If a unit is vacant, upon initial rental subsequent to rehabilitation, or if a renter-occupied unit is re-rented prior to the end of controls on affordability, the deed restriction shall require the unit to be rented to a low- or moderate-income household at an affordable rent and affirmatively marketed pursuant to N.J.A.C. 5:97-9 and UHAC.
(b) 
If a unit is renter-occupied, upon completion of the rehabilitation, the maximum rate of rent shall be the lesser of the current rent or the maximum permitted rent pursuant to N.J.A.C. 5:97-9 and UHAC.
(c) 
Rents in rehabilitated units may increase annually based on the standards in N.J.A.C. 5:97-9.
(d) 
Applicant and/or tenant households shall be certified as income-eligible in accordance with N.J.A.C. 5:97-9 and UHAC, except that households in owner-occupied units shall be exempt from the regional asset limit.
B. 
An accessory apartment program.
(1) 
All accessory apartments shall meet the following conditions:
(a) 
Accessory apartments are permitted by the Zoning Ordinance for various zoning districts, provided the units are affordable to low- and moderate-income households. Accessory apartments may be developed as low-income or moderate-income units (accessory apartments may be limited to only low- or only moderate-income units as determined in the Fair Share Plan).
(b) 
Accessory apartments shall comply with all applicable statutes and regulations of the State of New Jersey in addition to all building codes.
(c) 
At the time of initial occupancy of the unit and for at least 10 years thereafter, the accessory apartment shall be rented only to a household which is either a low- or moderate-income household.
(d) 
Rents of accessory apartments shall be affordable to low- or moderate-income households as per COAH and UHAC regulations.
(e) 
There shall be a recorded deed or declaration of covenants and restrictions applied to the property upon which the accessory apartment is located running with the land and limiting its subsequent rental or sale of the unit and the accessory apartment.
(f) 
The appropriate utility authority must certify that there is water and sewer infrastructure with sufficient capacity to serve the proposed accessory apartment. Where the proposed location is served by an individual well and/or septic system, the additional capacity necessitated by the new unit must meet the appropriate NJDEP standards.
(g) 
The Borough of Cresskill accessory apartment program shall not restrict the number of bedrooms in any accessory apartment.
(h) 
No accessory apartment created as a result of this article or these regulations shall exceed the gross floor area of the existing principal dwelling on the lot.
(i) 
Municipal building permit fees shall be waived in all cases involving affordable accessory apartment development under this section. An annual license and inspection fee, if required, shall be paid by unit owners.
(2) 
The maximum number of creditable accessory apartments shall be equal to no more than 10 or an amount equal to 10% of the Borough of Cresskill's fair share obligation, whichever is greater. (Additional units may be approved by COAH if the municipality has demonstrated successful completion of its accessory apartment program.)
(3) 
The Borough of Cresskill shall designate an administrative entity to administer the accessory apartment program that shall have the following responsibilities:
(a) 
The administrative agent shall administer the accessory apartment program, including advertising, income-qualifying prospective renters, setting rents and annual rent increases, maintaining a waiting list, distributing the subsidy, securing certificates of occupancy, qualifying properties, handling application forms, filing deed restrictions and monitoring reports and affirmatively marketing the affordable accessory apartment program in accordance with the UHAC.
(b) 
The administrative entity shall only deny an application for an accessory apartment if the project is not in conformance with COAH's requirements and/or the provisions of this section/article. All denials shall be in writing with the reasons clearly stated.
(c) 
In accordance with COAH requirements, the Borough of Cresskill shall provide at least $25,000 per unit to subsidize the creation of each low-income accessory apartment or $20,000 per unit to subsidize the creation of each moderate-income accessory apartment. Subsidy may be used to fund actual construction costs and/or to provide compensation for reduced rental rates.
(4) 
Property owners wishing to apply to create an accessory apartment shall submit to the administrative entity:
(a) 
A sketch of floor plan(s) showing the location, size and relationship of both the accessory apartment and the primary dwelling within the building or in another structure;
(b) 
Rough elevations showing the modifications of any exterior building facade to which changes are proposed; and
(c) 
A site development sketch showing the location of the existing dwelling and other existing buildings; all property lines; proposed addition, if any, along with the minimum building setback lines; the required parking spaces for both dwelling units; and any man-made conditions which might affect construction.

§ 275-123 Inclusionary zoning.

A. 
Presumptive densities and set-asides. To ensure the efficient use of land through compact forms of development and to create realistic opportunities for the construction of affordable housing, inclusionary zoning permits minimum presumptive densities and presumptive maximum affordable housing set-asides as follows:
(1) 
Rental developments.
(a) 
Inclusionary zoning permits a presumptive minimum density of 12 units per acre and a presumptive maximum affordable housing set-aside of 20% of the total number of units in the development and the zoning provides for at least 10% of the affordable units to be affordable to households earning 30% or less of the area median income for the COAH region.
(b) 
The zoning of the Planned Unit Development zone provides for a minimum set-aside of 20% for restricted units and a density of 15.4 units per acre.
(c) 
The zoning of the Commercial zone provides for an unspecified-percent set-aside for restricted units (to be negotiated in each case, with incentives offered by the Borough for their provision) and a dwelling unit density controlled by minimum unit sizes, maximum building heights, and parking provisions.
(d) 
The zoning of the Affordable Housing Overlay zone in the Professional Office and Research, Design and Development Laboratories zone provides for a 50% minimum set-aside for restricted units (with incentives offered) and a dwelling unit density controlled by minimum unit sizes, maximum building heights, and parking provisions.
(2) 
Where an executed development agreement exists for affordable housing on a specific site or sites, list the sites below and identify the density and set-aside for each.
(a) 
Cresskill Plaza (Block 41, Lots 1.02, 1.04A, 1.04B, 2, 3 and 4, Madison Avenue). Density: 17.4 DU/AC; set-aside: 21.4% (6 DUs); developer's agreement pending.
(b) 
Wolfer Mixed Use (Block 74, Lots 42, 43 and 44, 35-39, Union Avenue). Density: 16.8 DU/AC; set-aside: 25% (1 DU); developer's agreement pending.
(c) 
Jersey Community Bank Mixed Use (Block 74, Lots 47 and 47.03, Union Avenue and Piermont Road). Density: 8.9 DU/AC; set aside: 28.6% (2 DUs); developer's agreement pending.
(3) 
Additional incentives to subsidize the creation of affordable housing available to very-low income households may be included in the zoning section of this article or specified in a developer's or redeveloper's agreement.
(4) 
Incentives to provide affordable housing to all levels of affordable housing are the same. They include higher permissible densities through the mechanism of smaller-than-standard permissible unit sizes, and reduced or waived application and building department fees that will be subsidized by the Borough's Affordable Housing Trust Fund.
B. 
Phasing. In inclusionary developments the following schedule shall be followed:
Maximum Percentage of Market-Rate Units Completed Minimum Percentage of Low- and Moderate-Income Units Completed
25% 0%
25% plus one unit 10%
50% 50%
75% 75%
90% 100%
C. 
Design. In inclusionary developments, to the extent possible, low- and moderate-income units shall be integrated with the market units.
D. 
Payments-in-lieu and off-site construction. The standards for the collection of payments in lieu of constructing affordable units or standards for constructing affordable units off-site shall be in accordance with N.J.A.C. 5:97-6.4.
E. 
Utilities. Affordable units shall utilize the same type of heating source as market units within the affordable development.

§ 275-124 New construction.

The following general guidelines apply to all newly constructed developments that contain low-and moderate-income housing units, including any currently unanticipated future developments that will provide low- and moderate-income housing units.
A. 
Low/moderate split and bedroom distribution of affordable housing units:
(1) 
The fair share obligation shall be divided equally between low- and moderate-income units, except that where there is an odd number of affordable housing units, the extra unit shall be a low-income unit.
(2) 
In each affordable development, at least 50% of the restricted units within each bedroom distribution shall be low-income units.
(3) 
Affordable developments that are not age-restricted shall be structured in conjunction with realistic market demands such that:
(a) 
The combined number of efficiency and one-bedroom units shall be no greater than 20% of the total low- and moderate-income units;
(b) 
At least 30% of all low- and moderate-income units shall be two-bedroom units;
(c) 
At least 20% of all low- and moderate-income units shall be three-bedroom units; and
(d) 
The remaining units may be allocated among two- and three-bedroom units at the discretion of the developer.
(4) 
Affordable developments that are age-restricted shall be structured such that the number of bedrooms shall equal the number of age-restricted low- and moderate-income units within the inclusionary development. The standard may be met by having all one-bedroom units or by having a two-bedroom unit for each efficiency unit.
B. 
Accessibility requirements:
(1) 
The first floor of all restricted townhouse dwelling units and all restricted units in all other multistory buildings shall be subject to the technical design standards of the Barrier Free Subcode, N.J.A.C. 5:23-7 and N.J.A.C. 5:97-3.14.
(2) 
All restricted townhouse dwelling units and all restricted units in other multistory buildings in which a restricted dwelling unit is attached to at least one other dwelling unit shall have the following features:
(a) 
An adaptable toilet and bathing facility on the first floor;
(b) 
An adaptable kitchen on the first floor;
(c) 
An interior accessible route of travel on the first floor;
(d) 
An interior accessible route of travel shall not be required between stories within an individual unit;
(e) 
An adaptable room that can be used as a bedroom, with a door or the casing for the installation of a door, on the first floor; and
(f) 
An accessible entranceway as set forth at P.L. 2005, c. 350 (N.J.S.A. 52:27D-311a et seq.) and the Barrier Free Subcode, N.J.A.C. 5:23-7 and N.J.A.C. 5:97-3.14, or evidence that the Borough of Cresskill has collected funds from the developer sufficient to make 10% of the adaptable entrances in the development accessible:
[1] 
Where a unit has been constructed with an adaptable entrance, upon the request of a disabled person who is purchasing or will reside in the dwelling unit, an accessible entrance shall be installed.
[2] 
To this end, the builder of restricted units shall deposit funds within the Borough of Cresskill's affordable housing trust fund sufficient to install accessible entrances in 10% of the affordable units that have been constructed with adaptable entrances.
[3] 
The funds deposited under Subsection B(2)(f)[2] above shall be used by the Borough of Cresskill for the sole purpose of making the adaptable entrance of any affordable unit accessible when requested to do so by a person with a disability who occupies or intends to occupy the unit and requires an accessible entrance.
[4] 
The developer of the restricted units shall submit a design plan and cost estimate for the conversion from adaptable to accessible entrances to the Construction Official of the Borough of Cresskill.
[5] 
Once the Construction Official has determined that the design plan to convert the unit entrances from adaptable to accessible meet the requirements of the Barrier Free Subcode, N.J.A.C. 5:23-7 and N.J.A.C. 5:97-3.14, and that the cost estimate of such conversion is reasonable, payment shall be made to the Borough of Cresskill's affordable housing trust fund in care of the Municipal Treasurer who shall ensure that the funds are deposited into the affordable housing trust fund and appropriately earmarked.
[6] 
Full compliance with the foregoing provisions shall not be required where an entity can demonstrate that it is site impracticable to meet the requirements. Determinations of site impracticability shall be in compliance with the Barrier Free Subcode, N.J.A.C. 5:23-7 and N.J.A.C. 5:97-3.14.
C. 
Maximum rents and sales prices.
(1) 
In establishing rents and sales prices of affordable housing units, the administrative agent shall follow the procedures set forth in UHAC and in COAH, utilizing the regional income limits established by COAH.
(2) 
The maximum rent for restricted rental units within each affordable development shall be affordable to households earning no more than 60% of median income, and the average rent for restricted low- and moderate-income units shall be affordable to households earning no more than 52% of median income.
(3) 
The developers and/or municipal sponsors of restricted rental units shall establish at least one rent for each bedroom type for both low-income and moderate-income units.
(a) 
At least 10% of all low- and moderate-income rental units shall be affordable to households earning no more than 30% of median income.
(b) 
At least 13% of all low- and moderate-income units shall be affordable to households earning no more than 30% of median income.
(4) 
The maximum sales price of restricted-ownership units within each affordable development shall be affordable to households earning no more than 70% of median income, and each affordable development must achieve an affordability average of 55% for restricted-ownership units; in achieving this affordability average, moderate-income ownership units must be available for at least three different prices for each bedroom type, and low-income ownership units must be available for at least two different prices for each bedroom type.
(5) 
In determining the initial sales prices and rents for compliance with the affordability average requirements for restricted units other than assisted living facilities, the following standards shall be used:
(a) 
A studio shall be affordable to a one-person household;
(b) 
A one-bedroom unit shall be affordable to a one and one-half person household;
(c) 
A two-bedroom unit shall be affordable to a three-person household;
(d) 
A three-bedroom unit shall be affordable to a four-and-one-half person household; and
(e) 
A four-bedroom unit shall be affordable to a six-person household.
(6) 
In determining the initial rents for compliance with the affordability average requirements for restricted units in assisted living facilities, the following standards shall be used:
(a) 
A studio shall be affordable to a one-person household;
(b) 
A one-bedroom unit shall be affordable to a one and one-half person household; and
(c) 
A two-bedroom unit shall be affordable to a two-person household or to two one-person households.
(7) 
The initial purchase price for all restricted-ownership units shall be calculated so that the monthly carrying cost of the unit, including principal and interest (based on a mortgage loan equal to 95% of the purchase price and the Federal Reserve H.15 rate of interest), taxes, homeowner and private mortgage insurance and condominium or homeowner association fees do not exceed 28% of the eligible monthly income of the appropriate-size household as determined under N.J.A.C. 5:80-26.4, as may be amended and supplemented; provided, however, that the price shall be subject to the affordability average requirement of N.J.A.C. 5:80-26.3, as may be amended and supplemented.
(8) 
The initial rent for a restricted rental unit shall be calculated so as not to exceed 30% of the eligible monthly income of the appropriate household size as determined under N.J.A.C. 5:80-26.4, as may be amended and supplemented; provided, however, that the rent shall be subject to the affordability average requirement of N.J.A.C. 5:80-26.3, as may be amended and supplemented.
(9) 
The price of owner-occupied low- and moderate-income units may increase annually based on the percentage increase in the regional median income limit for each housing region. In no event shall the maximum resale price established by the administrative agent be lower than the last recorded purchase price.
(10) 
The rent of low- and moderate-income units may be increased annually based on the percentage increase in the Housing Consumer Price Index for the United States. This increase shall not exceed 9% in any one year. Rents for units constructed pursuant to low- income housing tax credit regulations shall be indexed pursuant to the regulations governing low- income housing tax credits.
(11) 
Utilities. tenant-paid utilities that are included in the utility allowance shall be so stated in the lease and shall be consistent with the utility allowance approved by DCA for its Section 8 program.

§ 275-124.1 Guidelines for all developments.

The following general guidelines apply to all developments that contain low-and moderate-income housing units, including any currently unanticipated future developments that will provide low- and moderate-income housing units.
A. 
Affirmative marketing requirements.
(1) 
The Borough of Cresskill shall adopt by resolution an Affirmative Marketing Plan, subject to approval of COAH, compliant with N.J.A.C. 5:80-26.15, as may be amended and supplemented.
(2) 
The affirmative marketing plan is a regional marketing strategy designed to attract buyers and/or renters of all majority and minority groups, regardless of race, creed, color, national origin, ancestry, marital or familial status, gender, affectional or sexual orientation, disability, age or number of children to housing units which are being marketed by a developer, sponsor or owner of affordable housing. The affirmative marketing plan is also intended to target those potentially eligible persons who are least likely to apply for affordable units in that region. It is a continuing program that directs all marketing activities toward COAH Housing Region 1 and covers the period of deed restriction.
(3) 
The administrative agent designated by the Borough of Cresskill shall assure the affirmative marketing of all affordable units consistent with the Affirmative Marketing Plan for the municipality.
(4) 
In implementing the affirmative marketing plan, the administrative agent shall provide a list of counseling services to low- and moderate-income applicants on subjects such as budgeting, credit issues, mortgage qualification, rental lease requirements, and landlord/tenant law.
(5) 
The affirmative marketing process for available affordable units shall begin at least four months prior to the expected date of occupancy.
(6) 
The costs of advertising and affirmative marketing of the affordable units shall be the responsibility of the developer, sponsor or owner, unless otherwise determined or agreed to by the Borough of Cresskill.
B. 
Occupancy standards.
(1) 
In referring certified households to specific restricted units, to the extent feasible, and without causing an undue delay in occupying the unit, the administrative agent shall strive to:
(a) 
Provide an occupant for each bedroom;
(b) 
Provide children of different sex with separate bedrooms; and
(c) 
Prevent more than two persons from occupying a single bedroom.
(2) 
Additional provisions related to occupancy standards (if any) shall be provided in the municipal operating manual.
C. 
Control periods for restricted-ownership units and enforcement mechanisms.
(1) 
Control periods for restricted-ownership units shall be in accordance with N.J.A.C. 5:80-26.5, as may be amended and supplemented, and each restricted-ownership unit shall remain subject to the requirements of this article until the Borough of Cresskill elects to release the unit from such requirements; however, and prior to such an election, a restricted-ownership unit must remain subject to the requirements of N.J.A.C. 5:80-26.1, as may be amended and supplemented, for at least 30 years.
(2) 
The affordability control period for a restricted-ownership unit shall commence on the date the initial certified household takes title to the unit.
(3) 
Prior to the issuance of the initial certificate of occupancy for a restricted-ownership unit and upon each successive sale during the period of restricted ownership, the administrative agent shall determine the restricted price for the unit and shall also determine the nonrestricted, fair market value of the unit based on either an appraisal or the unit's equalized assessed value.
(4) 
At the time of the first sale of the unit, the purchaser shall execute and deliver to the administrative agent a recapture note obligating the purchaser (as well as the purchaser's heirs, successors and assigns) to repay, upon the first nonexempt sale after the unit's release from the requirements of this article, an amount equal to the difference between the unit's nonrestricted fair market value and its restricted price, and the recapture note shall be secured by a recapture lien evidenced by a duly recorded mortgage on the unit.
(5) 
The affordability controls set forth in this article shall remain in effect despite the entry and enforcement of any judgment of foreclosure with respect to restricted-ownership units.
(6) 
A restricted-ownership unit shall be required to obtain a continuing certificate of occupancy or a certified statement from the Construction Official stating that the unit meets all code standards upon the first transfer of title that follows the expiration of the applicable minimum control period provided under N.J.A.C. 5:80-26.5(a), as may be amended and supplemented.
D. 
Price restrictions for restricted-ownership units, homeowner association fees and resale prices. Price restrictions for restricted-ownership units shall be in accordance with N.J.A.C. 5:80-26.1, as may be amended and supplemented, including:
(1) 
The initial purchase price for a restricted-ownership unit shall be approved by the administrative agent.
(2) 
The administrative agent shall approve all resale prices, in writing and in advance of the resale, to assure compliance with the foregoing standards.
(3) 
The method used to determine the condominium association fee amounts and special assessments shall be indistinguishable between the low- and moderate-income unit owners and the market unit owners.
(4) 
The owners of restricted-ownership units may apply to the administrative agent to increase the maximum sales price for the unit on the basis of capital improvements. Eligible capital improvements shall be those that render the unit suitable for a larger household or the addition of a bathroom.
E. 
Buyer income eligibility.
(1) 
Buyer income eligibility for restricted-ownership units shall be in accordance with N.J.A.C. 5:80-26.1, as may be amended and supplemented, such that low-income ownership units shall be reserved for households with a gross household income less than or equal to 50% of median income and moderate-income ownership units shall be reserved for households with a gross household income less than 80% of median income.
(2) 
The administrative agent shall certify a household as eligible for a restricted-ownership unit when the household is a low-income household or a moderate-income household, as applicable to the unit, and the estimated monthly housing cost for the particular unit (including principal, interest, taxes, homeowner and private mortgage insurance and condominium or homeowner association fees, as applicable) does not exceed 33% of the household's certified monthly income.
F. 
Limitations on indebtedness secured by ownership unit; subordination.
(1) 
Prior to incurring any indebtedness to be secured by a restricted-ownership unit, the administrative agent shall determine in writing that the proposed indebtedness complies with the provisions of this section.
(2) 
With the exception of original purchase money mortgages, during a control period neither an owner nor a lender shall at any time cause or permit the total indebtedness secured by a restricted-ownership unit to exceed 95% of the maximum allowable resale price of that unit, as such price is determined by the administrative agent in accordance with N.J.A.C.5:80-26.6(b).
G. 
Control periods for restricted rental units.
(1) 
Control periods for restricted rental units shall be in accordance with N.J.A.C. 5:80-26.11, as may be amended and supplemented, and each restricted rental unit shall remain subject to the requirements of this article until the Borough of Cresskill elects to release the unit from such requirements pursuant to action taken in compliance with N.J.A.C. 5:80-26.1, as may be amended and supplemented, and prior to such an election, a restricted rental unit must remain subject to the requirements of N.J.A.C. 5:80-26.1, as may be amended and supplemented, for at least 30 years.
(2) 
Deeds of all real property that include restricted rental units shall contain deed restriction language. The deed restriction shall have priority over all mortgages on the property, and the deed restriction shall be filed by the developer or seller with the records office of the County of Bergen. A copy of the filed document shall be provided to the administrative agent within 30 days of the receipt of a certificate of occupancy.
(3) 
A restricted rental unit shall remain subject to the affordability controls of this article, despite the occurrence of any of the following events:
(a) 
Sublease or assignment of the lease of the unit;
(b) 
Sale or other voluntary transfer of the ownership of the unit; or
(c) 
The entry and enforcement of any judgment of foreclosure.
H. 
Price restrictions for rental units; leases.
(1) 
A written lease shall be required for all restricted rental units, except for units in an assisted living residence, and tenants shall be responsible for security deposits and the full amount of the rent as stated on the lease. A copy of the current lease for each restricted rental unit shall be provided to the administrative agent.
(2) 
No additional fees or charges shall be added to the approved rent (except, in the case of units in an assisted living residence, to cover the customary charges for food and services) without the express written approval of the administrative agent.
(3) 
Application fees (including the charge for any credit check) shall not exceed 5% of the monthly rent of the applicable restricted unit and shall be payable to the administrative agent to be applied to the costs of administering the controls applicable to the unit as set forth in this article.
I. 
Tenant income eligibility.
(1) 
Tenant income eligibility shall be in accordance with N.J.A.C. 5:80-26.13, as may be amended and supplemented, and shall be determined as follows:
(a) 
Very low-income rental units shall be reserved for households with a gross household income less than or equal to 30% of median income.
(b) 
Low-income rental units shall be reserved for households with a gross household income less than or equal to 50% of median income.
(c) 
Moderate-income rental units shall be reserved for households with a gross household income less than 80% of median income.
(2) 
The administrative agent shall certify a household as eligible for a restricted rental unit when the household is a very low-income, low-income, or moderate-income household, as applicable to the unit, and the rent proposed for the unit does not exceed 35% (40% for age-restricted units) of the household's eligible monthly income as determined pursuant to N.J.A.C. 5:80-26.16, as may be amended and supplemented; provided, however, that this limit may be exceeded if one or more of the following circumstances exists:
(a) 
The household currently pays more than 35% (40% for households eligible for age-restricted units) of its gross household income for rent, and the proposed rent will reduce its housing costs;
(b) 
The household has consistently paid more than 35% (40% for households eligible for age-restricted units) of eligible monthly income for rent in the past and has proven its ability to pay;
(c) 
The household is currently in substandard or overcrowded living conditions;
(d) 
The household documents the existence of assets with which the household proposes to supplement the rent payments; or
(e) 
The household documents proposed third-party assistance from an outside source such as a family member in a form acceptable to the administrative agent and the owner of the unit.
(3) 
The applicant shall file documentation sufficient to establish the existence of the circumstances in Subsection I(2)(a) through (e) above with the administrative agent, who shall counsel the household on budgeting.
J. 
Administration.
(1) 
The position of Municipal Housing Liaison (MHL) for the Borough of Cresskill is established by this article. The Borough of Cresskill shall make the actual appointment of the MHL by means of a resolution.
(a) 
The MHL must be either a full-time or part-time employee of Borough of Cresskill.
(b) 
The person appointed as the MHL must be reported to COAH for approval.
(c) 
The MHL must meet all COAH requirements for qualifications, including initial and periodic training. (NOTE: If the MHL position is one that will always be included in the job description for a particular position in the local staff, e.g. Township Clerk, that position can be named in this article.)
(d) 
The Municipal Housing Liaison shall be responsible for oversight and administration of the affordable housing program for the Borough of Cresskill, including the following responsibilities which may not be contracted out to the administrative agent:
[1] 
Serving as the municipality's primary point of contact for all inquiries from the state, affordable housing providers, administrative agents and interested households;
[2] 
The implementation of the Affirmative Marketing Plan and affordability controls.
[3] 
When applicable, supervising any contracting administrative agent.
[4] 
Monitoring the status of all restricted units in the Borough of Cresskill's Fair Share Plan;
[5] 
Compiling, verifying and submitting annual reports as required by COAH;
[6] 
Coordinating meetings with affordable housing providers and administrative agents, as applicable; and
[7] 
Attending continuing education opportunities on affordability controls, compliance monitoring and affirmative marketing as offered or approved by COAH.
(2) 
The Borough of Cresskill shall designate by resolution of the Mayor and Council, subject to the approval of COAH, one or more administrative agents to administer newly constructed affordable units in accordance with N.J.A.C. 5:96, N.J.A.C. 5:97 and UHAC.
(3) 
An operating manual shall be provided by the administrative agent(s) to be adopted by resolution of the governing body and subject to approval of COAH. The operating manuals shall be available for public inspection in the Office of the Municipal Clerk and in the office(s) of the administrative agent(s). (NOTE: If it is decided that an employee of the municipality will act as administrative agent or if the Housing Affordability Service (HAS) of the Agency is selected, the determination of such can be included in this article.)
(4) 
The administrative agent shall perform the duties and responsibilities of an administrative agent as are set forth in UHAC and which are described in full detail in the operating manual, including those set forth in N.J.A.C. 5:80-26.14, 5:80-26.16 and 5:80-26.18 thereof, which includes:
(a) 
Attending continuing education opportunities on affordability controls, compliance monitoring, and affirmative marketing as offered or approved by COAH;
(b) 
Affirmative marketing;
(c) 
Household certification;
(d) 
Affordability controls;
(e) 
Records retention;
(f) 
Resale and re-rental;
(g) 
Processing requests from unit owners; and
(h) 
Enforcement, though the ultimate responsibility for retaining controls on the units rests with the municipality.
(i) 
The administrative agent shall have authority to take all actions necessary and appropriate to carry out its responsibilities, hereunder.
K. 
Enforcement of affordable housing regulations.
(1) 
Upon the occurrence of a breach of any of the regulations governing the affordable unit by an owner, developer or tenant the municipality shall have all remedies provided at law or equity, including but not limited to foreclosure, tenant eviction, municipal fines, a requirement for household recertification, acceleration of all sums due under a mortgage, recoupment of any funds from a sale in the violation of the regulations, injunctive relief to prevent further violation of the regulations, entry on the premises, and specific performance.
(2) 
After providing written notice of a violation to an owner, developer or tenant of a low- or moderate-income unit and advising the owner, developer or tenant of the penalties for such violations, the municipality may take the following action against the owner, developer or tenant for any violation that remains uncured for a period of 60 days after service of the written notice:
(a) 
The municipality may file a court action pursuant to N.J.S.A. 2A:58-11 alleging a violation, or violations, of the regulations governing the affordable housing unit. If the owner, developer or tenant is found by the court to have violated any provision of the regulations governing affordable housing units the owner, developer or tenant shall be subject to one or more of the following penalties, at the discretion of the court:
[1] 
A fine of not more than $1,000 or imprisonment for a period not to exceed 90 days, or both. Each and every day that the violation continues or exists shall be considered a separate and specific violation of these provisions and not as a continuing offense;
[2] 
In the case of an owner who has rented his or her low- or moderate-income unit in violation of the regulations governing affordable housing units, payment into the Borough of Cresskill's Affordable Housing Trust Fund of the gross amount of rent illegally collected;
[3] 
In the case of an owner who has rented his or her low- or moderate-income unit in violation of the regulations governing affordable housing units, payment of an innocent tenant's reasonable relocation costs, as determined by the court.
(b) 
The municipality may file a court action in the Superior Court seeking a judgment, which would result in the termination of the owner's equity or other interest in the unit, in the nature of a mortgage foreclosure. Any judgment shall be enforceable as if the same were a judgment of default of the First Purchase Money Mortgage and shall constitute a lien against the low- and moderate-income unit.
(3) 
Such judgment shall be enforceable, at the option of the municipality, by means of an execution sale by the Sheriff, at which time the low- and moderate-income unit of the violating owner shall be sold at a sale price which is not less than the amount necessary to fully satisfy and pay off any First Purchase Money Mortgage and prior liens and the costs of the enforcement proceedings incurred by the municipality, including attorney's fees. The violating owner shall have the right to possession terminated as well as the title conveyed pursuant to the Sheriff's sale.
(4) 
The proceeds of the Sheriff's sale shall first be applied to satisfy the First Purchase Money Mortgage lien and any prior liens upon the low- and moderate-income unit. The excess, if any, shall be applied to reimburse the municipality for any and all costs and expenses incurred in connection with either the court action resulting in the judgment of violation or the Sheriff's sale. In the event that the proceeds from the Sheriff's sale are insufficient to reimburse the municipality in full as aforesaid, the violating owner shall be personally responsible for and to the extent of such deficiency, in addition to any and all costs incurred by the municipality in connection with collecting such deficiency. In the event that a surplus remains after satisfying all of the above, such surplus, if any, shall be placed in escrow by the municipality for the owner and shall be held in such escrow for a maximum period of two years or until such earlier time as the owner shall make a claim with the municipality for such. Failure of the owner to claim such balance within the two-year period shall automatically result in a forfeiture of such balance to the municipality. Any interest accrued or earned on such balance while being held in escrow shall belong to and shall be paid to the municipality, whether such balance shall be paid to the owner or forfeited to the municipality.
(5) 
Foreclosure by the municipality due to violation of the regulations governing affordable housing units shall not extinguish the restrictions of the regulations governing affordable housing units as the same apply to the low- and moderate-income unit. Title shall be conveyed to the purchaser at the Sheriff's sale, subject to the restrictions and provisions of the regulations governing the affordable housing unit. The owner determined to be in violation of the provisions of this plan and from whom title and possession were taken by means of the Sheriff's sale shall not be entitled to any right of redemption.
(6) 
If there are no bidders at the Sheriff's sale, or if insufficient amounts are bid to satisfy the First Purchase Money Mortgage and any prior liens, the municipality may acquire title to the low- and moderate-income unit by satisfying the First Purchase Money Mortgage and any prior liens and crediting the violating owner with an amount equal to the difference between the First Purchase Money Mortgage and any prior liens and costs of the enforcement proceedings, including legal fees and the maximum resale price for which the low- and moderate-income unit could have been sold under the terms of the regulations governing affordable housing units. This excess shall be treated in the same manner as the excess which would have been realized from an actual sale as previously described.
(7) 
Failure of the low- and moderate-income unit to be either sold at the Sheriff's sale or acquired by the municipality shall obligate the owner to accept an offer to purchase from any qualified purchaser which may be referred to the owner by the municipality, with such offer to purchase being equal to the maximum resale price of the low- and moderate-income unit as permitted by the regulations governing affordable housing units.
(8) 
The owner shall remain fully obligated, responsible and liable for complying with the terms and restrictions of governing affordable housing units until such time as title is conveyed from the owner.
L. 
Appeals. Appeals from all decisions of an administrative agent designated pursuant to this article shall be filed in writing with the Executive Director of COAH.

§ 275-125 Affirmative marketing plan.

[Amended 10-20-2010 by Ord. No. 10-21-1400]
A. 
As of August 2, 2010 the Borough of Cresskill in Bergen County has a third-round fair share obligation of 50 units, all of which provide new affordable housing opportunities. The Borough's first- and second-round obligations were met and surpassed with a surplus of ten credits. COAH revised rules do not permit these credits to be carried into the third round. This article will apply to all new developments or redevelopments that contain proposed very low-, low- and moderate-income units that are listed below and any future developments that may occur. For all 50 new units the Municipal Housing Liaison is designated as Borough Clerk Barbara Nasuto (201-569-5400; Borough Hall, 67 Union Avenue, Cresskill, NJ, 07626); and the administrative agent is designated as Mr. Steven J. Weinberg (732-390-4745; Community Action Services, P.O. Box 6025, East Brunswick, NJ, 08816). Both may be contacted to ascertain the application requirements:
(1) 
Cresskill Plaza PUD; 6 Madison Avenue. Six rental units; rents to be determined (TBD).
(2) 
North Jersey Community Bank; Union Avenue and Piermont Road. Two rental units; rents TBD.
(3) 
Wolfer Mixed Use; 35-39 Union Avenue. One rental unit; rent TBD.
(4) 
TR Broadway Redevelopment; 130 and 160 Broadway. Fifteen rental units; rents TBD.
(5) 
Riverview Associates; 39 Broadway at Milton Street. One rental unit; rent TBD.
(6) 
Accessory Apartments; all residential zones. Five rental units; rents TBD.
B. 
The Borough has selected initial randomization as the method for unit distribution. In initial randomization, applicants are selected at random before income-eligibility is determined, regardless of household size or desired number of bedrooms. The process shall be as follows:
(1) 
After advertising is implemented, the administrative agent accepts applications for 30 calendar days.
(2) 
At the end of the period, sealed applications are selected one-by-one through a lottery. If fewer applications are received than the number of available units, then all eligible households will be placed in a unit.
(3) 
Households are informed of the date, time and location of the lottery and invited to attend.
(4) 
The Borough Administrator is notified that a municipal representative is invited to attend the lottery.
(5) 
An applicant pool shall then be created by listing applicants in the order selected.
(6) 
Applications shall be reviewed for income-eligibility. Ineligible households shall then be informed that they have the opportunity to correct and/or update their income and household information within 30 calendar days. These corrections/updates shall be reviewed by the administrative agent. If still ineligible, they shall be removed from the applicant pool.
(7) 
Eligible households shall be matched to available units based upon the type of unit in which they are interested (for-sale or rental), the number of bedrooms needed, and any other special requirements such as regional preference or need for an accessible unit.
(8) 
The applicant pool shall be closed if there are sufficient names remaining in the pool to fill future re-sales and re-rentals projected for a two-year period by the administrative agent.
(9) 
When the applicant pool is close to being depleted as determined by the administrative agent and agreed to by the Borough Administrator, the administrative agent shall re-open the pool and conduct a new random selection process after fulfilling the affirmative marketing requirements. The new applicant pool shall be added to the remaining list of applicants.
C. 
This AMP presents a regional marketing strategy designed to attract households of all majority and minority groups, regardless of race, creed, color, national origin, ancestry, marital or familial status, gender, affectational or sexual orientation, disability, age, or number of children, to Cresskill's affordable housing units that are being marketed by the Borough's administrative agent, a developer, sponsor, owner, property manager or landlord of the affordable housing. The primary objectives of Cresskill's AMP are to target households who are least likely to apply for affordable housing and to target households throughout the entire housing region in which the units are located. The AMP prohibits discrimination in the sale, rental, financing or other services related to housing on the basis of any of the factors described in the beginning of this paragraph. The Borough of Cresskill is in the housing region consisting of Bergen, Hudson, Passaic and Sussex Counties. The intent of the Borough's advertising will be to reach the group of qualified people who have not applied in the past or are the least likely to apply. Within Cresskill, our information is that this group is primarily made up of tradespeople and contractors of various types, and the Borough believes that the marketing methods outlined below represent the best means of reaching this group. The affirmative marketing program is a continuing program and will meet the following requirements:
(1) 
All newspaper articles, announcements and requests for applications for affordable housing units will appear in the following newspapers:
(a) 
The Record. This is the daily regional newspaper of general circulation within the housing region.
(b) 
Press Journal and/or the Suburbanite. These are the neighborhood-oriented weekly newspapers that reach religious, civic and nonprofit organizations.
(2) 
The primary marketing will take the form of at least one press release sent to the above publications and a paid display advertisement in each of the above newspapers. Additional advertising and publicity will be on an as needed basis as the discretion of the Affordable Housing Liaison.
(3) 
The advertisement will include the:
(a) 
Street address and development name (if any).
(b) 
Number of sale and rental units.
(c) 
Range of selling prices/rents.
(d) 
Direction to housing units.
(e) 
Number of bedrooms per unit.
(f) 
Size of units.
(g) 
Household income limits.
(h) 
Location of applications, including business hours and where/how applications may be obtained.
D. 
The following regional radio and/or cable television station(s) will be used:
(1) 
Cablevision.
E. 
The following is the location of applications, brochure(s), sign(s) and/or poster(s) used as part of the affirmative marketing program, including specific employment centers within the region. Applications will be mailed to prospective applicants upon request:
(1) 
Borough of Cresskill Municipal Building.
(2) 
Borough of Cresskill Municipal Library.
(3) 
Developer's sales/rental office on site.
(4) 
Borough senior center.
F. 
Additionally, applications will be sent to the chief administrative employees of each of the following agencies in the Counties of Bergen, Hudson, Passaic and Sussex:
(1) 
Local religious groups.
(2) 
County Board of Realtors.
(3) 
Offices on aging.
(4) 
Housing authorities.
(5) 
County libraries.
(6) 
Area community-action agencies.
G. 
The Borough of Cresskill is ultimately responsible for administering the affirmative marketing program. The administrative agent will income-qualify very low-, low- and moderate-income households; place income eligible households in very low-, low- and moderate-income units upon initial occupancy; provide for the initial occupancy of very low-, low- and moderate-income units with income-qualified households; continue to qualify households for reoccupancy of units as they become vacant during the period of affordability controls; assist with advertising and outreach to very low-, low- and moderate-income households if in contract; and enforce the terms of the deed restriction and mortgage loan as per N.J.A.C. 5:93-9. The administrative agent will provide counseling services to very low-, low- and moderate-income applicants on subjects such as budgeting, credit issues, mortgage qualification, responsibilities of homeownership, rental lease requirements and landlord/tenant law.
H. 
Households who live or work in the COAH-established housing region may be given preference for sales and rental units constructed within that housing region. Applicants living outside the housing region will have an equal opportunity for units after regional applicants have been initially serviced. The Borough of Cresskill intends to comply with N.J.A.C. 5:93-11.7.
I. 
Developers of low- and moderate-income housing units may assist in the marketing of the affordable units in their respective developments if so designated by the Borough of Cresskill.
J. 
The marketing program will commence at least 120 days before the issuance of either temporary or permanent certificates of occupancy. The marketing program will continue until all very low-, low- and moderate-income housing units are initially occupied and for as long as affordable units are deed restricted and the occupancy or reoccupancy of units continues to be necessary.
K. 
The administrative agent will comply with monitoring and reporting requirements as per N.J.A.C. 5:93-11.6 and 5:93-12.1.