Township of West Windsor, NJ
Mercer County
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Table of Contents
Table of Contents
[HISTORY: Adopted by the Township Committee (now Township Council) of the Township of West Windsor 12-28-1987 by Ord. No. 87-52 (Ch. XV of the Revised General Ordinances). Amendments noted where applicable.]
GENERAL REFERENCES
Fire Marshal — See Ch. 4, § 4-34D.
Fire Division — See Ch. 4, § 4-35.
Alarm systems — See Ch. 34.
Uniform construction codes — See Ch. 63.
Fees — See Ch. 82.

§ 89-1 Local enforcement.

[Amended 4-17-1989 by Ord. No. 89-19]
Pursuant to Section 2 of the Uniform Fire Safety Act (P.L. 1983, c. 383; N.J.S.A. 52:27D-192 through 52:27D-213), the New Jersey Uniform Fire Code shall be locally enforced in the Township of West Windsor.

§ 89-2 Agency designation.

[Amended 4-17-1989 by Ord. No. 89-19[1]]
The local enforcing agency shall be the West Windsor Township Fire Marshal's office.
[1]
Editor's Note: This ordinance also provided for the deletion of original Section 15-1.3, Fire Marshal's office; Section 15-1.4, Life hazard uses; and Section 15-1.5, Board of Appeals, which immediately followed this section.

§ 89-3 Additional regulations.

In addition to the inspections and fees required pursuant to the Act and the regulations of the Department of Community Affairs, the Fire Marshal's office may require additional fire safety inspections, fire safety measures and fire safety permits for other types of structures and/or operations as listed, but not limited to those listed in Chapter 82, Fees, § 82-17.
A. 
Registration and fees.
(1) 
The owner(s) and or agent of all businesses, professions, occupancies, buildings, structures or premises regardless of use, except one-family and two-family dwellings, shall apply annually with the local enforcing agency for a certificate of approval, upon forms provided by the Fire Marshal's office.
[Amended 4-17-1989 by Ord. No. 89-19]
(2) 
It shall be a violation of this code for an owner to fail to return such forms and fees within 30 days. If the ownership is transferred, whether by sale, assignment, gift, intestate succession, devise, reorganization, receivership, foreclosure or execution process, the new owner shall file with the Fire Marshal's office, within 30 days of the transfer, an application for a certificate of approval pursuant to this subsection.
(3) 
All applications shall be accompanied by fees as set forth in Chapter 82, Fees, § 82-17.
B. 
Information requests. Requests for file information shall be accompanied by a research and copy fee as set forth in Chapter 82, Fees, § 82-17.
C. 
Waivers. The following users shall be exempt from the local permit fees and registration fees; however, they shall be required to properly apply for such permits and registrations and comply with all other code requirements.
(1) 
Volunteer fire companies.
(2) 
Volunteer first aid squads.
(3) 
Nonprofit civic groups when applying for use of an occasional waiver (once or twice a year.)
(4) 
Churches and other recognized religious organizations. (This shall apply to uses where the actual religious service takes place, uses for religious educational purposes or a use of an occasional nature.)
(5) 
Contractors and construction firms when the activity is part of work performed under a valid permit by the Building Department.
(6) 
Township of West Windsor.
(7) 
West Windsor - Plainsboro School District.
D. 
Fire Marshal's office; standard details. The Fire Marshal's office shall issue standard details, as required, to aid in the enforcement of these regulations.

§ 89-4 Technical amendments.

[Amended 4-17-1989 by Ord. No. 89-19]
The State Fire Prevention Code adopted by N.J.A.C. 5:18 shall be modified by the addition of the following article:
Article 40
LOCAL PROVISIONS
Section F-4000.0 GENERAL
F-4000.1 Scope: This article shall apply to all buildings, structures or premises located within West Windsor Township other than owner-occupied one-family and two-family dwellings.
Section F-4001.0 PERMITS
F-4001.2 Type I permits: The following permits shall be classified as Type I permits. Fee shall be the same as Type I Uniform Fire Code.
F-4001.2.1 Asphalt (tar) kettle: No person, firm or corporation shall make use of or fire any asphalt (tar) kettle without first securing a permit from the Fire Official.
F-4001.2.2 Training and education: No person, firm or corporation engaged in the business of providing fire brigade or emergency response team training shall conduct such activities without first securing a permit from the Fire Marshal. Permits issued under this subsection shall be valid for all such work conducted within the jurisdiction. The holder of the permit shall furnish the Fire Marshal with a list of locations within the jurisdiction where the service is provided as well as a course outline of any training provided.
F-4001.2.3 Liquefied petroleum gas or liquefied natural gas: A permit shall be obtained from the Fire Marshal for the storage or use of liquefied petroleum gas or liquefied natural gas utilizing storage containers with an aggregate water capacity exceeding 100 gallons and less than 4,000 gallons.
F-4001.2.4 Flammable or combustible liquids and hazardous materials: A permit shall be obtained from the Fire Marshal to install, remove, repair or alter in any way, a stationary tank for the storage of flammable or combustible liquids or hazardous materials, or to modify or replace any line or dispensing device connected thereto if not required to obtain a permit for such activity under the Uniform Construction Code, N.J.A.C. 5:18.
F-4001.2.5 Hazardous materials: A permit shall be obtained by the Fire Marshal to store, handle or process hazardous materials or chemicals which, because of their toxicity, flammability, liability to explosion or decomposition, render firefighting abnormally dangerous or difficult. A permit shall also be obtained from the Fire Marshal to store, handle or process materials which are chemically unstable and which may spontaneously form explosive compounds, or undergo spontaneous reactions of explosive violence or with sufficient evolution of heat to be a fire hazard. Hazardous chemicals or materials shall include but not be limited to such materials as flammable solids, corrosive liquids, radioactive materials, oxidizing materials, potentially explosive chemicals, toxic materials, poisonous gases, pesticides, insecticides and fertilizers.
Exception: Materials or processes covered by a life hazard use or permit under Uniform Fire Code Chapter 5:18.
F-4001.2.6 Storage containers/storage trailers/storage units: Each steel, aluminum, or other material container and/or trailer, with or without wheels, used for storage purposes, which has remained immobile for 30 days or longer must have a permit and meet the following conditions:
(a)
No storage unit shall be connected to or with any other structures, containers or trailers.
(b)
All storage units must be separated from all other structures, containers or trailers by a minimum of 10 feet.
(c)
No storage unit shall be closer than 10 feet of any lot line.
(d)
No storage unit will be connected by any means to any utility such as electric, water, sewer, gas, etc.
(e)
All applications for permit must be accompanied by a plot plan showing building locations, lot lines and locations of all storage units and all distances.
(f)
Storage units shall not be used to store any material which is subject to regulation by the New Jersey Uniform Construction Code.
F-4001.3 Type 2 permits: The following permits shall be classified as Type 2 permits. Fee shall be the same as Type 2 --Uniform Fire Code.
F-4001.3.1 Process equipment: A permit shall be obtained from the Fire Marshal's office to install, modify or alter process equipment not required to have a permit under the Uniform Construction Code, N.J.A.C. 5:23.
F-4001.3.2 Public gatherings: A permit shall be obtained from the Fire Marshal for the establishment, erection or operation of any fairs, carnivals, circuses or other public gatherings. Before a permit is issued the following conditions must be met:
(a)
Provide and maintain an access lane of at least 15 feet in width and capable of supporting fire and rescue apparatus and so arranged as to afford access to within 50 feet of all booths, tents, rides and other equipment, buildings or structures used as part of or in conjunction with the above use.
(b)
At each location utilizing or producing electric current, a 10 lb. ABC type fire extinguisher shall be provided with proper inspection.
(c)
Each location utilizing any fuel producing a flame for heating or cooking shall be provided with a 10 lb. ABC type fire extinguisher with proper inspection.
F-4002.1 General: In addition to those required under N.J.A.C. 5:18, fire safety evacuation and emergency action plans shall be prepared as set forth in this section where required by sections R-4002.1 - F-4002.1.5.
F-4002.1.1 Occupant loads of 50 or more: All buildings with an occupant load greater than 50.
F-4002.1.2 Use Group H: All Use Group H buildings.
F-4002.1.3 Use Group F: All Use Group F buildings.
F-4002.1.4 Use Group S: All Use Group S buildings.
F-4002.1.5 Use Group E: All Use Group E buildings.
F-4002.2 Approval, distribution: The fire safety evacuation and emergency action plans shall be approved by the Fire Official and shall be distributed by the owner to all tenants and employees.
F-4002.3 Evacuation plan: The evacuation plan shall be conspicuously posted on every floor and in each tenant space for the occupant's use.
F-4002.4 Maintenance: The fire safety evacuation and emergency action plans shall be maintained to reflect changes in the use and physical arrangement of the building.
F-4002.5 Training: If an emergency action plan assigns employees with specific responsibilities in areas such as evacuation coordination, fire fighting or material leak and spill handling, the employer shall provide a minimum of annual training sessions to prepare the employee for such activities.
F-4003.0 FIRE ALARMS/REPORTING
F-4003.1 Fire alarms: The Fire Marshal shall investigate, or cause to be investigated, the activation of any fire alarm, fire detector, or fire protection system occurring within the jurisdiction to determine the cause for such activation and to determine if the device and/or equipment has been properly restored to full service.
F-4003.2 Failure to report: It shall be a violation of this code for any person or persons, having knowledge of same, to fail to report to the fire department and/or the Fire Marshal the activation of any fire protection system or device; or to fail to report the occurrence of any fire or attempted arson; or to fail to report the spill or leakage of any flammable or combustible liquid or gas or of any hazardous material immediately upon gaining such knowledge.
F-4004.0 WATER SUPPLIES
F-4004.1 Public water supply: The Fire Marshal shall recommend to the Township Administrator the location or relocation of new or existing fire hydrants and the placement or replacement of inadequate water mains located upon public property and deemed necessary to provide adequate fire flow and distribution pattern. A fire hydrant shall not be placed into or removed from service until approved by the Fire Marshal.
F-4004.2 Fire hydrant local standard: Following are the minimum standards for the installation and placement of public or private fire hydrants:
(a)
Hydrants in single-family residential zones shall be spaced with a hydrant every 800 feet along the roadway(s) measured along the roadway edge.
(b)
Hydrants in residential townhouse, condominium, cluster and multi family zones shall be spaced with a hydrant every 600 feet along the roadway edge.
(c)
Hydrants in business, commercial and industrial zones shall be spaced with a hydrant at each intersection and one every 500 feet along the roadway(s) as a minimum requirement.
F-4004.3 Approval: The Fire Marshal shall approve the placement and water supply piping of all fire hydrants prior to installation.
F-4004.4 Fire hydrant marking: All fire hydrants on public or private property shall have the bonnet (top piece) painted reflective white. Painting shall conform to Fire Marshal's Office, Standard Detail - Fire Hydrant Marking.
F-4005.0 GENERAL PRECAUTIONS
F-4005.1 Equipment rooms: No storage of any kind shall be permitted within any mechanical equipment, electrical, furnace or boiler room.
F-4005.2 Barbecue grills: No charcoal cooker, brazier, hibachi or grill, or any gasoline or other flammable liquid or liquefied petroleum gas-fired stove or similar device shall be ignited or used on the balconies of any apartment building, condominium, townhouse, or similar occupancy. The management of such occupancies which have balconies shall notify their tenants in writing of this Code requirement at the time the tenant/owner initially occupies and from time to time thereafter as directed by the Fire Official to insure compliance.
Exception: One family and two family dwellings.
F-4005.3 Access: Temporary all-weather surface access roads, gravel or equivalent, capable of supporting a 30-ton emergency vehicle, shall be provided at all times for fire department vehicular access to all structures under construction and to all structures used for the storage of combustible construction materials. Access of 125 unobstructed feet shall be provided to all such locations at all times.
Temporary all-weather access roads shall conform with the Fire Marshal's Office, Standard Detail - Temporary All-Weather Surface Access Roads.
Every dead-end roadway more than 300 feet in length shall be provided at the closed end with a temporary turnaround acceptable to the Fire Marshal.
Temporary all-weather surface access roads shall be approved by the Fire Marshal's office prior to construction commencing.
F-4005.4 Water supply: The fire protection water supply system, including fire hydrants shown on the approved site plan, shall be installed and in service prior to placing combustible building materials on the project site or utilizing them in the construction of building structures. If phased construction is approved, coordinated phased installation of the fire protection water system shall be permitted as approved by the Fire Marshal.
F-4005.5 Emergency vehicle access: All structures, except one- and two-family dwellings, shall be provided with emergency vehicle access. Emergency Vehicle Access is defined as: A paved or other surface 24 feet in width in its entire length, located not more than 30 feet from the building, designed to support the weight of Emergency Vehicles. The design shall be approved by the Township Engineer in conjunction with the Township Fire Marshal.
Emergency Vehicle Access shall be provided for the following buildings:
(a)
One or two story buildings with full automatic fire sprinkler protection shall be provided with emergency vehicle access to 25% percent of its entire perimeter.
(b)
One or two story buildings without full automatic fire sprinkler systems shall be provided with emergency vehicle access to 50% of its entire perimeter.
(c)
Buildings three stories or 35 feet in height or higher with full automatic fire sprinkler protection shall be provided with emergency vehicle access to 50% of its entire perimeter.
(d)
Buildings three stories or 35 feet in height or higher without full automatic fire sprinkler protection shall be provided with emergency vehicle access around the entire perimeter.
(e)
All High-Hazard Structures as defined by the New Jersey Uniform Commercial Code regardless of built-in fire protection or height shall be provided with emergency access around the entire perimeter.
(f)
All mercantile structures as defined by the New Jersey Uniform Construction Code with three or more spaces, regardless of built-in fire protection or height shall be provided with Emergency Vehicle access its entire perimeter.
F-4005.6 Exterior door identification: All exterior doors without windows located on building or structures as identified in the New Jersey Uniform Construction Code as use groups A, B, E, F, H, L, M, R-1, R-2 and U shall identify the owner of said door together with the use of said door (i.e. employee entrance, sprinkler room, electrical room, etc.). Identification shall be located in letters and/or numbers a minimum of 1 1/2 inches in height located between 60 and 72 inches from the base of the door. Identification shall be in contrasting color to the door.