Township of Mansfield, NJ
Burlington County
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Table of Contents
Table of Contents
Words and phrases shall be presumed to have their ordinary meaning, unless specifically defined or interpreted differently within this article. Disputes concerning the definition or interpretation of a word shall be resolved by the Board of Adjustment.
For the purpose of this chapter, certain grammatical forms and words shall assume a different interpretation than is assumed in common usage as follows:
A. 
All present and future tenses shall be interchangeable.
B. 
The word "building" includes "structure" and any part thereof.
C. 
The singular and plural shall be interchangeable.
D. 
The word "shall" is always mandatory, and the term "may" indicates a permissive action.
E. 
The phrase "used for" includes "arranged for," "designed for," "intended for," "maintained for" or "occupied for."
F. 
The word "person" includes an individual, corporation or partnership.
G. 
The word "includes" (or "including") shall not limit the term to the specified example but is intended to extend its meaning to all other instances of like kind and character.
All such words as defined in the Municipal Land Use Law, if not contained below, are hereby incorporated herein and declared to be apart of this chapter. The following words and phrases shall have the meaning given in this section, as follows:
ACCESSORY APARTMENT
Additional living space attached to an existing single-family dwelling which shall contain separate sleeping, sanitary, and cooking facilities for the occupants.
[Added 9-27-2006 by Ord. No. 2006-33]
ACCESSORY APARTMENT UNIT
A separate dwelling unit incorporated in a single-family residence. For the purposes of this section, the term "incorporated in" shall mean either completely contained within an existing single-family residence or added to a single-family residence, provided that both dwelling units shall be attached by a common wall, floor or ceiling and not simply attached by a breezeway or porch, and provided that both dwelling units are contained within one building, with the exception of apartments on the top of freestanding garages. The single-family residence shall still be considered a single-family dwelling even though it contains an accessory apartment.
[Added 12-30-1991 by Ord. No. 1991-28]
A. 
A subordinate building, the use of which is customarily incidental to that of the principal building and is used for an accessory use and is located on the same lot. In a residential district, a detached accessory building shall be on the same lot as the main building and shall be not less than 10 feet from any side or rear lot line and not closer to the front street line than the rear extremity of the main building.
B. 
Number and height of accessory buildings.
(1) 
Each residential lot of three acres or less shall be permitted only one detached accessory building with a maximum height of 12 feet. A zoning permit shall be required, and a construction permit may be required.
(2) 
Each residential lot greater than three acres shall be permitted two detached accessory buildings. The maximum height shall be 12 feet if the accessory buildings are located six feet from any property line. This height may increase by one foot for each additional setback of five feet, but in no case shall the ultimate height exceed 15 feet. A zoning permit shall be required, and a construction permit may be required.
(3) 
The size of accessory buildings, excluding garages, shall not exceed 200 square feet for the first acre, or less, of lot size. For every 21,000 square feet of lot area over one acre, the accessory building size may be increased by one foot for both width and length. Fractional acreage shall be rounded to the nearest component of 21,000 square feet. However, in no case, shall the size of accessory buildings exceed 360 square feet. Garages shall be approximately 30 feet by 30 feet or, in the aggregate, not more than 1,000 square feet and shall not be more than 15 feet high. A detached accessory building solely for the purpose of containing swimming pool equipment shall be exempt, provided that the size does not exceed 60 square feet.
[Amended 7-12-2000 by Ord. No. 2000-12]
ACCESSORY RESIDENTIAL USE
A use customarily carried on within a dwelling by the inhabitants thereof, which use is incidental and subordinate to the residential use. Accessory residential uses shall not be interpreted to include the following: barber- and beauty shops, barber and beauty schools, tearooms, convalescent homes, stables, kennels or repair of internal combustion engines. Accessory residential uses shall be limited as follows:
A. 
Professional office of one physician, dentist, lawyer, architect, engineer, musician, artist, teacher, accountant, registered nurse or other similar professional person in a residential building, subject to the following special requirements in addition to all other applicable requirements of this chapter for the residential district in which such uses are located.
B. 
Home offices, provided that:
[Amended 12-27-1996 by Ord. No. 1996-13]
(1) 
The office area shall have only typical office equipment limited to computers, telefax machines, telephones and copy machines.
(2) 
No evidence of the office area shall be shown to the outside of the house.
C. 
A workshop other than a public garage or automobile repair shop.
D. 
Professional, home offices and workshops shall be subject to the following standards:
[Amended 12-27-1996 by Ord. No. 1996-13]
(1) 
Two off-street parking spaces in addition to those otherwise required in this chapter.
(2) 
No more than one person shall be employed to provide secretarial, clerical, technical or similar assistance.
(3) 
The area used for the above uses shall occupy no more than 25% of the total floor area.
(4) 
No storage of materials or products outside the dwelling unit shall be permitted unless completely housed.
(5) 
The use shall be clearly incidental to the residential use of the dwelling unit and shall not change the essential residential character of the dwelling.
(6) 
No external alterations inconsistent with the residential use of the dwelling unit shall be permitted.
(7) 
No display of products shall be visible from outside the building.
E. 
Business signs consistent with the sign regulations.
F. 
Such business shall be operated by the residential owner or a member of the family, provided that they are occupants of the dwelling.
ACCESSORY USE or ACCESSORY
A use conducted on the same lot as a principal use to which it is related and located either within the same structure or in an accessory structure or as an accessory use of land, except that off-street parking need not be located on the same lot. It is a use which is clearly incidental to and customarily found in connection with a principal use.
ADMINISTRATIVE ACTIVITIES
Any business function in which there is not regular contact with the general public and no materials, products, goods or prepared foods are stored except for office consumption.
ADVERTISING SIGN
See "sign" and "billboard."
ALLEY
A minor way, which may or may not be legally dedicated and which is used primarily for vehicular service access to the rear or side of properties abutting on a street.
ALTERATIONS
Includes but is not limited to the following:
A. 
All incidental changes or replacement in the nonstructural parts of a building or other structure.
B. 
Minor changes or replacement in the structural parts of a building or other structure limited to the following examples and others of similar character or extent:
(1) 
Alteration of interior partitions to improve livability in nonconforming residential buildings, provided that no additional dwelling units are created thereby.
(2) 
Alteration of interior partitions in all other types of buildings or other structures.
(3) 
Making windows or doors in exterior walls.
(4) 
Strengthening the load-bearing capacity in not more than 10% of the total floor area to permit the accommodation of a specialized unit of machinery or equipment.
APARTMENT
See "dwelling, multiple."
APARTMENT HOUSE
A detached building containing three or more separate attached dwelling units with common or separate entranceways, yard areas and common facilities, where one or more units is physically on top of other units or adjoined side by side. Each apartment house or group of apartment houses shall be erected and maintained in single and separate ownership or by a condominium as provided for from time to time by state law.
AREA OF BUILDING
See "lot coverage."
AUTOMOBILE LAUNDRY or CAR-WASHING FACILITY
A structure used for the purpose of cleaning or reconditioning the exterior and interior surfaces of automotive vehicles, but not including an incidental one-bay washing facility in a gasoline service station where washing facilities are purely incidental to the operation of said service station. A self-operated vehicular laundering facility not requiring attendants or employees, regardless of capacity, is also considered to be an automobile laundry.
AUTOMOBILE SALES BUILDING
A building used for the sale of, hire of or remuneration from automotive and other vehicles and equipment. This shall be interpreted to include auto accessory salesrooms but not the sale of junked vehicles and equipment.
AUTOMOTIVE and/or TRAILER SALES AREA
An open area, other than a public or private street or way, used for the display or sale of new and used vehicles, trailers, trucks or farm equipment and where no repair work is done except that which is minor and incidental, not including body and fender work.
AUTOMOTIVE GARAGE
Any premises used for the repair or servicing of vehicles, but not including automotive wrecking.
AVERAGE GROSS RESIDENTIAL DENSITY
The number of dwelling units per acre computed by dividing the number of dwelling units which the applicant proposes to construct by the number of acres in the development excluding acreage devoted to commercial use.
BILLBOARD
A sign other than one indicating a business conducted on the premises and a sign upon which advertising matter of any character is printed, posted or lettered by any means and is designed for such purposes. A billboard may be either freestanding or attached to a surface of a building or other structure.
BLOCK
A tract of land that may be bounded by streets; public parks; railroad rights-of-way, excluding siding and spurs; or corporate boundary lines of the municipality.
BOARDER
An individual other than a member of the family occupying a dwelling unit who, for a consideration, is provided sleeping accommodations, meals and may be provided personal care, financial services, counseling, or other such services.
[Added 9-27-2006 by Ord. No. 2006-33]
BOARDWALK
A level, landscaped and/or surfaced area directly adjacent to a principal building or within three feet of finished grade, not covered by a permanent roof and without footings.
[Added 4-28-1999 by Ord. No. 1999-9]
BUILDING AREA
The area of a horizontal section of a building.
BUILDING HEIGHT
See "height of building."
BUILDING LENGTH
The horizontal measurement of any continuous building wall.
BUILDING SETBACK LINE
An line established within a property defining the minimum required distance between a property line and the face of any structure. The structure face shall be the major wall of the structure and shall include bay windows, decks, porches, sunrooms and foyers. The structure face shall not include projecting eaves, gutters, steps and landings.
[Amended 4-28-1999 by Ord. No. 1999-9]
BULK
The term used to describe the size of buildings or other structures and their relationship to each other, to open areas such as yards and to lot lines and includes the size, height and floor area of a building or other structure and all open areas in yard space relating to buildings and other structures.
CAT
A domestic animal of the species Felis domestica. See the definitions of "kennel, commercial" and "kennel, hobby" in this section for regulations on keeping small animals.
[Added 4-5-1990 by Ord. No. 1990-6]
CEMETERY
Land used or intended to be used for the burial of the deceased, including columbariums, crematories, mausoleums and mortuaries when operated in conjunction with the cemetery and within the boundaries.
CENTER LINE OF STREET
See "street, center line of."
CENTRAL SEWERAGE FACILITIES
A system, whether public or private, of sewage collection systems, intercepting sewers, outfall sewers, pumping, power and other equipment and their appurtenances, extensions, improvements and alterations thereof, connected to a wastewater treatment plant, all constructed in accordance with permits issued by the New Jersey Department of Environmental Protection.
[Added 6-2-1980 by Ord. No. 1980-2]
CERTIFICATE OF OCCUPANCY
A statement signed by the Construction Official setting forth that a building or structure or swimming pool does comply with this chapter or that a building, structure or parcel of land may lawfully be used for specified uses, or both.
CHURCH
A building used for public worship by a congregation, excluding buildings used exclusively for residential, educational, burial, recreational or other uses not normally associated with worship.
CLUB
An organization operated for social or fraternal purposes.
COMMUNITY RESIDENCE FOR PERSONS WITH HEAD INJURIES
A community residential facility licensed pursuant to P.L. 1977, c. 448 (N.J.S.A. 30:11B-1 et seq.) providing food, shelter and personal guidance, under such supervision as required, to not more than 15 persons with head injuries who require assistance, temporarily or permanently, in order to live in the community, and shall include, but not be limited to group homes, half-way houses, supervised apartment living arrangements and hostels. Such a residence shall not be considered a health care facility. A "person with head injury" means a person who has sustained an injury, illness or traumatic changes to the skull, the brain contents or its coverings which results in a temporary or Permanent physiobiological decrease of mental, cognitive, behavioral, social or physical functioning which causes partial or total disability.
[Added 6-26-2002 by Ord. No. 2002-12]
COMMUNITY RESIDENCE FOR THE DEVELOPMENTALLY DISABLED
A facility licensed pursuant to P.L. 1977, c. 448 (N.J.S.A. 30:11B-1 et seq.) providing food, shelter and personal guidance, under such supervision as required, to not more than 15 developmentally disabled or mentally ill persons who require assistance, temporarily or permanently, in order to live in the community, and shall include, but not be limited to group homes, half-way houses, intermediate care facilities, supervised apartment living arrangements and hostels. Such a residence shall not be considered a health care facility. In the case of such community residence housing mentally ill persons, such residence shall have been approved for a purchase of service contract or an affiliation agreement pursuant to regulations of the Division of Mental Health and Hospitals of the Department of Human Services. As used in this chapter, "developmentally disabled person" means a person who is developmentally disabled as defined in section of 2 P.L. 1977, c. 488 (N.J.S.A. 30:11B-2), and "mentally ill person" means a person who is afflicted with a mental illness as defined in N.J.S.A. 30:4-23, but shall not include a person who has been committed after having been found not guilty of a criminal offense by reason of insanity or having been found unfit to be tried on a criminal charge.
[Added 6-26-2002 by Ord. No. 2002-12]
COMMUNITY RESIDENCE FOR THE TERMINALLY ILL
A facility operated as a hospice program providing food, shelter, personal guidance and health care services, under such supervision as required, to not more than 15 terminally ill persons.
[Added 8-26-2002 by Ord. No. 2002-12]
COMMUNITY SHELTER FOR VICTIMS OF DOMESTIC VIOLENCE
A shelter approved for a purchase of service contract and certified pursuant to standards and procedures established by regulations of the Department of Human Services pursuant, to P.L., c. 337 (N.J.S.A. 30:14-1 et seq.) providing food, shelter, medical care, legal assistance, personal guidance and other services to not more than 15 persons who have been victims of domestic violence, including any children of such victims, who temporarily require shelter and assistance in order to protect their physical or psychological welfare.
[Added 6-26-2002 by Ord. No. 2002-12]
CONDITIONAL USE
A use permitted in a particular zoning district only upon a showing that such use in a specified location will comply with the conditions and standards for the location or operation of such use as contained in this chapter and upon the issuance of an authorization therefor by the Planning Board.
[Added 12-30-1991 by Ord. No. 1991-28]
CORNER LOT
See "lot, corner."
COUNTRY CLUB
A golf course and accessory uses, including, but not limited to, clubhouse, eating and drinking facilities, swimming pools, recreational facilities, maintenance facilities and off-street parking.
[Amended 6-26-2002 by Ord. No. 2002-12]
COVERAGE
See "lot coverage."
CRITICAL AREAS
Water bodies, including streams, ponds and lakes, one-hundred-year floodplains, wetlands and slopes over 25%. The term "noncritical areas" will mean any areas not defined as "critical areas."
[Added 12-10-2003 by Ord. No. 2003-20]
CUL-DE-SAC
A street with access closed at one end and with a vehicular turnaround at the closed end.
CURB LEVEL
The elevation of the top of the curb or the established curb grade opposite the center of the building or portion thereof under consideration. Where the building does not adjoin the street, the average elevation of the proposed grade line of the ground immediately adjacent to the building as shown on the building plans shall be considered as the curb level.
CURBLINE
The line of the curb as presently existing or as may hereafter be established by the governing body of the Township.
DECK
A structure with footings, open to the elements, and not covered by a roof, usually attached to or part of and with direct access to a principal building.
[Added 4-28-1999 by Ord. No. 1999-9]
DENSITY
The number of dwelling units permitted in a development expressed as units per acre.
DETACHED HOUSE
One which has yard areas on all sides.
DEVELOPMENT
The division of a parcel of land into two or more parcels, the construction, reconstruction, conversion, structural alteration, relocation or enlargement of any building or other structure, or of any mining, excavation or landfill, and any use or change in the use of any building or other structure, or land or extension of use of land, for which approval may be required by the Municipal Land Use Law or by Chapters 44A, 50 and 65 of the Code of Ordinances.
[Added 8-11-1999 by Ord. No. 1999-15]
DOG
A domestic animal of the species Canis familiaris. See the definitions of "kennel, commercial," and "kennel, hobby" in this section for regulations on keeping small animals.
[Added 4-5-1990 by Ord. No. 1990-6]
DRIVEWAY
The vehicular entrance and exit for a land use.
DWELLING UNIT
One or more rooms for living purposes, together with separate cooking and sanitary facilities, which rooms are accessible from the outdoors, either directly or through an entrance hall shared with other dwelling units, and are used or intended to be used by one or more persons living together and maintaining a common household.
A. 
A building designed for and occupied exclusively as a residence for only one family and having no party wall in common with an adjacent building except when an accessory dwelling unit is approved.
[Amended 12-30-1991 by Ord. No. 1991-28]
B. 
TWO-FAMILY DETACHED DWELLING or DUPLEX:
(1) 
A building designed for and occupied exclusively as a residence for two families, with one family living wholly or partly over the other, and having no party wall in common with an adjacent dwelling. The above will be known as a "duplex."
(2) 
A building designed for and occupied exclusively as a residence for only one family, applied to one of two houses which are detached from other buildings and joined together by a single party wall. The above will be known as a "twin" or "two-family detached dwelling."
C. 
A building designed for three or more dwelling units.
D. 
A building that has not less than three or more than eight one-family dwelling units erected in a row as a single building on adjoining lots, each being separate from the adjoining unit or units by an approved masonry, party or partition wall or walls, thus creating distinct and noncommunicating dwelling units, such units intended for separate ownership or rental. This definition shall also include such terms as "rowhouse," "patio house," "court dwelling," "maisonette," etc.
EASEMENT
A right-of-way granted but not dedicated for limited use of private land for a public or quasi-public purpose and within which the owner of the property shall not erect any permanent structures.
EMPLOYEES or NUMBER OF EMPLOYEES
The greatest number of persons to be employed in the building in question during any season of the year and at any time of the day or night.
ENLARGEMENT
An addition to the floor area of an existing building, an increase in size of another structure or an increase in that portion of a tract of land occupied by an existing use.
FAMILY
A group of individuals not necessarily related by blood, marriage, adoption, or guardianship living together in a dwelling unit as a single housekeeping unit under a common housekeeping management plan based on an intentionally structured relationship providing organization and stability.
[Amended 9-27-2006 by Ord. No. 2006-33]
FAMILY DAY-CARE HOME
A private residence of a family day-care provider which is registered as a family day care home pursuant to the Family Daycare Provider Registration Act, P.L. 1987, c. 27 (N.J.S.A. 30:5B-16 et seq.).
[Added 6-26-2002 by Ord. No. 2002-12]
FARM
A plot or parcel of land having an area of not less than six acres annually used for agricultural purposes.
FARM BUILDING
Any building needed for storing agricultural equipment or farm produce, housing livestock or poultry or processing agricultural products. The term "farm building" shall not include a dwelling.
FLOOR AREA RATIO (FAR)
The sum of the square feet of all floor areas of all buildings and structures on a lot divided by the total lot area.
[Added 9-12-2007 by Ord. No. 2007-23]
FRONT YARD
See "yard, front."
FRONT YARD LINE
See "lot line, front."
GARAGE
Any structure having four sides and a roof and in at least one of the sides of which is an aperture or opening through which a vehicle may enter and leave and that may be closed by means of a door or doors, overhead or otherwise, and being intended for the storing or sheltering of vehicles.
GARAGE, PRIVATE
A garage in which no business, service or industry is carried on and which is designed to contain not more than four motor vehicles which shall not house trucks of the six-thousand-pound weight class.
[Amended 12-12-2012 by Ord. No. 2012-12]
A. 
An attached private garage is a garage attached to the principal dwelling unit. The dwelling unit, including the attached garage, shall satisfy all bulk standards for the applicable zoning district. An attached garage shall not exceed a maximum size of 1,000 square feet. Only one attached garage per dwelling unit shall be permitted.
B. 
A detached private garage shall be classified as an accessory structure to a residential use. The detached garage shall satisfy all of the requirements for accessory structures.
C. 
The cumulative size of attached and detached garages shall not exceed a maximum of 1,000 square feet per principal dwelling unit.
GARAGE, PUBLIC
Any garage not included within the definition of a "private garage."
GARDEN APARTMENTS
A group of multifamily dwellings, architecturally designed with some of the units placed on top of other units, up to three stories in height, designed for rental or sale of the individual units, having common open spaces and designed in accordance with the special requirements for such dwellings as set forth in this chapter.
GASOLINE SERVICE STATION
An area of land, together with any structure thereon, used for the retail sale of motor fuel and lubricants and incidental services, such as lubrication and handwashing of motor vehicles or the sale, installation or minor repair of tires, batteries or other automobile accessories.
GOLF COURSE
An open area and its necessary buildings used for the playing of golf, not including a driving range, miniature course or eating facilities in a separate building operated for additional profit.
GOODS
A finished product.
GOVERNMENT BUILDINGS, FACILITIES and USES
Publicly owned facilities used for the provision of sanitary sewer and/or potable water service, including pumping stations; well fields; treatment facilities; storage facilities; vents and interconnections; fire stations; police stations; communication facilities; sites for the repair and/or storage of equipment and materials used for the provision of municipal services, including sanitation, road maintenance and snow removal; administrative offices; libraries; and post offices.
[Added 6-26-2002 by Ord. No. 2002-12]
GRADE LEVEL
The mean elevation of the finished grade where such grade abuts a building.
HALF STORY
A story under a gabled, hipped or gambrel roof, the wall plates of which on at least two opposite exterior walls are not more than two feet nor less than one foot above the finished floor of such story.
HEIGHT OF BUILDING
The vertical distance measured from the average elevation of the proposed finished grades at the front of the building to the highest point of the roof for flat roofs, to the deck line of mansard roofs and to the average height between eaves and ridge for gable, hip and gambrel roofs, provided that chimneys, spires, towers, mechanical penthouses, tanks and similar projections of the buildings not intended for human occupancy shall not be included in calculating the height. If there are two or more separate roofs on a single building, the height of such building shall be calculated from the highest roof.
[Amended 11-1-2018 by Ord. No. 2018-15]
HEIGHT OF SIGN
The vertical distance measured from ground level to the highest point on the sign or its supporting structure.
HIGHWAY ACCESS POINTS
The distance between any vehicular entrance or exit to a street and the next adjoining vehicular entrance or exit on the same street.
HOSPITAL
An institution providing primary health services and medical or surgical care to persons, primarily inpatients, suffering from illness, disease, injury, deformity and other abnormal physical or mental conditions and including, as an integral part of the institution related facilities, such as laboratories, outpatient facilities, training facilities, medical offices and staff residences.
[Amended 6-26-2002 by Ord. No. 2002-12]
HOSPITAL, VETERINARY
A structure designed or converted for the care and treatment of sick or wounded domestic animals, provided that each hospital is on one acre or more of land.
HOTEL
A building having six or more rental rooms, without individual cooking facilities, for transient guests.
IMPERVIOUS SURFACE
Any material that prevents absorption of stormwater into the ground.
[Added 9-12-2007 by Ord. No. 2007-23]
IMPROVED OPEN SPACE
That portion of a lot excluding areas set aside or used for buildings, parking, loading and streets. Such area shall be devoted to recreational uses and/or play areas with appropriate recreational equipment, park furniture and landscape plantings.
IMPROVEMENT
Any type of structure, excavation or paved section excluding driveway or curb.
INSTITUTION
A building and land use partially for the human habitation of more than two unrelated persons who occupy the facility for a common purpose other than housekeeping.
INSTRUCTIONAL BUSINESS or TRADE SCHOOL
A duly organized school, giving instruction in business or vocational trade subjects.
JUNKYARD
An area of land, with or without buildings, used for the storage of used and discarded materials, including but not limited to wastepaper, rags, metal, building materials, house furnishings, machinery, vehicles, or parts thereof, with or without the dismantling, processing, salvage, sale or other use or disposition of the same. The deposit or storage on a lot of two or more unlicensed, wrecked or disabled vehicles, or the major part thereof, shall be deemed to be a "junkyard."
KENNEL, COMMERCIAL
The keeping of more than three small animals that are more than six months old for breeding, sale or boarding. Such commercial kennels shall be permitted only in the C-2 Highway Commercial District.
[Amended 3-14-1991 by Ord. No. 1991-5]
KENNEL, HOBBY
The keeping of small animals for breeding and show purposes. Such uses shall be allowed only in the R-1 District and in areas used for farming. However, hobby kennels shall not be included as part of normal farm operations. The minimum lot size for hobby kennels shall be one acre. If any home contains more than five cats and dogs in any combination, it shall be classified as a commercial kennel and shall be located only in the permitted district.
LANDOWNER
The legal or beneficial owner or owners of land, including the holder of an option or contract to purchase (whether or not such option or contract is subject to any condition), a lessee if he is authorized under the lease to exercise the rights of the landowner or other persons having a proprietary interest in land.
LANDSCAPE SCREEN
A completely planted visual barrier that complies with all of the standards and requirements set forth in the Township's Landscape Ordinance.
LIVESTOCK
An animal of any kind kept or raised for personal use or pleasure or sale and profit, including but not limited to horses, cattle, sheep, swine, goats, poultry, fowl and fur-bearing animals, but excluding cats and dogs. The fact that cats and dog's are excluded from this definition shall not abridge or affect the limits on cats and dogs established elsewhere in this Code. The term "animal" does mean "animal unit" as said term is defined in § 65-95.
[Added 4-5-1990 by Ord. No. 1990-6; amended 7-14-1993 by Ord. No. 1993-8]
LOADING SPACE
Paved accommodation off the street for loading of trucks, in the form of one or more truck berths located either within a building or on the same lot. The area of each berth shall be not less than 600 square feet, and it shall have a minimum clear height, including access to it from the street, of 14 feet.
LOT, CORNER
A lot abutting upon two or more streets at their intersection. The owner, when first applying for a building permit, shall designate which of the two streets is to be the principal frontage for the purpose of establishing the front, rear and side yard requirements of the lot.
LOT COVERAGE
The portion of a lot occupied by buildings, structures, parking areas, driveways, pedestrian ways and all other areas of impervious surfaces.
[Amended 9-12-2007 by Ord. No. 2007-23]
LOT DEPTH
The mean horizontal distance between the front or street lot line and the rear lot line.
LOT, INTERIOR
A lot, the side lines of which do not abut a street.
LOT LINE, FRONT
The line separating the lot from the street line.
LOT LINE, REAR
Any lot line, except a front lot line, which is parallel to or within 45º of being parallel to, and does not intersect any street line. In the case of a corner lot, the owner or developer may show a different designation. See definition of "lot, corner" for requirements.
LOT LINE, SIDE
Any lot line which is not a front lot line or a rear lot line. In the case of a corner lot, the owner or developer may make a different designation. See definition of "lot, corner" for requirements.
LOT, THROUGH
An interior lot having frontage on two streets or one street and an alley.
LOT WIDTH
The horizontal distance between the side boundary lines of the lot measured at the building line, except where the side lines of the lot coverge towards the rear, in which case the width of the lot shall be measured on a line parallel with the building line and 25 feet in back of the building line.
MARQUEE
A combination signboard and protective covering from the elements supported solely by the building to which it is attached.
MEDICAL CLINIC
A building constructed as a professional building for the offices of three or more medical practitioners.
MIXED OCCUPANCY
Occupancy of a building or land for more than one use.
MOBILE HOME
A structure, transportable in one or more sections, which is eight body feet or more in width and is 32 or more body feet in length and which is built on a permanent chassis and designed to be used with or without a permanent foundation when connected to required utilities, and includes the plumbing, heating, air-conditioning and electrical systems contained therein. Such units are prohibited in all districts in the Township.
MODULAR UNIT
A factory-fabricated transportable building designed to be used by itself or to be incorporated with similar units at a building site into a modular structure. The term is intended to apply to major assemblies and does not include prefabricated panels, trusses, plumbing trees and other prefabricated subelements which are to be incorporated into a structure at the site. The unit shall be fixed to a permanent foundation wherein such foundation and unit meet the requirements of the Uniform Construction Code.
[1]
MOTEL-HOTEL
A building or a group of buildings having units containing sleeping accommodations which are available for a temporary rental occupancy by transients and providing sufficient off-street parking facilities adjacent or convenient thereto. A tourist home containing provisions or facilities for accommodation of more than two transient occupants not normally quartered on the premises shall be considered as a motel-hotel facility under the provisions of this chapter.
MULTIPLE-FAMILY DWELLINGS
See "multiple dwelling" under "dwelling unit."
NURSING or CONVALESCENT HOME; SANATORIUM
A facility providing nursing services on a continuing basis and which admits the majority of the occupants upon advice of physicians as ill or infirm persons requiring nursing services and provides for physician's services or supervision and maintains medical records, including also provisions for other similar medical or nursing services. Care for the acutely ill or surgical or obstetrical services shall not be considered similar services under this definition, nor shall hospitals be construed to be included in this definition.
OFF-STREET PARKING FACILITY
A parking area, as hereinafter defined, for the parking of passenger vehicles of the occupants, employees, visitors and patrons of specified types of buildings.
PARKING AREA
An open off-street land area, including parking spaces and access and egress drives or aisles, used or required by this chapter for parking of automobiles or other vehicles exclusively, and in which no gasoline or automobile accessories are sold and no other business is conducted.
PARKING SPACE
Accommodation for the parking of a motor vehicle on a lot provided for restricted use in connection with a particular business or private enterprise, or as an adjunct to a housing development or private residence, whether operated for gain or not, whether cooperatively established and operated or not. Such parking spaces may consist of parking lots, private garages or other structures and accessories. The net area of such parking berth, exclusive of access or maneuvering area, shall be not less than 9 1/2 feet wide by 18 feet in length, except for compact car spaces which shall be in accordance with the provisions of § 65-99.1. All parking spaces shall be paved.
[Amended 5-23-1990 by Ord. No. 1990-16]
PATIO or TERRACE
A level, landscaped and/or surfaced area directly adjacent to a principal building or within three feet of finished grade, not covered by a permanent roof and without footings.
[Added 4-28-1999 by Ord. No. 1999-9]
PAVED AREA
A portion of land for parking spaces, driveways or streets paved with a weatherproof surface. In the computation of such, that area covered by buildings shall be excluded.
PERSON
Any individual, firm, partnership, agency or corporation.
PORCH
A structure with footings that is a roofed, open area which may be glazed or screened, without heating and air conditioning, usually attached to or part of and with access to a principal building.
[Amended 4-28-1999 by Ord. No. 1999-9]
PRESCHOOL, NURSERY or DAY-CARE CENTER
A school which provides daytime care and instruction of two or more children from two to six years of age inclusive and which operates on a regular or seasonal basis.
PROPERTY
A lot or plot with or without buildings or other improvements located thereon.
REAR YARD
See "yard, rear."
REAR YARD LINE
See "lot line, rear."
RECREATIONAL AREA
A private or public space, including essential buildings and structures, used for play and recreational space for individuals.
RESTAURANT
An establishment in which food and drink may be procured, provided that such food or drink is to be consumed while seated at a table, counter or a booth within a building on the premises, except that a take-out window may be permitted as an auxiliary service to the overall operation.
RESTAURANTS; DRIVE-THROUGH, DRIVE-IN OR TAKE-OUT
Establishments where patrons are served or can obtain refreshments or meals for principal consumption outside the confines of the principal building or in automobiles parked upon the premises regardless of whether or not in addition thereto seats or other accommodations are provided for patrons.
[Added 2-10-1999 by Ord. No. 1999-2]
RETAIL SALES
Any sales of goods and services to the general public as distinguished from wholesale sales.
RIGHT-OF-WAY
See "street line."
SCHOOL
Any building or group of buildings, the use of which is accredited by the New Jersey Department of Education for elementary and secondary education. The term "school" does not include child-care facilities or business enterprises, such as dance studios, business schools or similar uses.
[Added 6-26-2002 by Ord. No. 2002-12[2]]
SECTION
A geographical area or tract which is part of a proposed development which will be developed according to a timetable for development over a period of years included by the applicant in the development plan.
SETBACK
See "building setback line."
SIDE YARD
See "yard, side."
SIDE YARD LINE
See "lot line, side."
SIGN
Any letter, word, model, banner, flag, device or representation used as, or which in the nature of, an announcement, direction or advertisement concerning the business conducted on the premises, including interior signs which are visible from the street, and may be of the following types or forms:
A. 
A structure erected on supports or suspended or projecting from a building, including a banner or flag.
B. 
The fastening of a board or other prepainted material having prepainted or printed thereon letters, words or insignia.
C. 
The erecting or superimposing of separate cutout letters on the walls of a building or placing said letters on a plane surface which projects from the wall of the building.
SIGN, ADVERTISING
A sign which offers services or goods produced or available somewhere other than on the lot on which the sign is located. The words "advertising sign" include the word "billboard." Neither directional, warning nor other signs posted by officials in the course of their public duties shall be construed as advertising signs.
SIGN, BUSINESS
A sign which offers services or goods available on the lot on which the sign is located.
SIGN, TEMPORARY
A sign which offers premises for sale, rent or development or advertises the services of professionals or building trades during construction or alteration of the premises upon which the sign is located.
[Added 3-14-2007 by Ord. No. 2007-10]
A. 
Definition: an energy system which converts solar energy to usable thermal, mechanical, chemical or electrical energy to meet all or a significant part of a structure’s energy requirements.
B. 
Solar energy systems are a permitted use in all zoning districts.
C. 
Roof-mounted systems on the principal building shall not be more than three feet higher than the finished roof to which they are mounted. In no instance shall any part of the system extend beyond the edge of the roof.
D. 
Ground-mounted systems and systems attached to accessory buildings shall be not less than 10 feet from any side or rear property line. Solar energy systems are prohibited in front yards and shall not be located past the front wall of the principal building.
E. 
There is no limit to the number of modules and arrays installed on each property that comprise a solar energy system, except for the exclusions contained herein in Subsections F and H below. The number of solar panels and supporting equipment shall be considered as one system.
F. 
Solar energy commercial operations are prohibited as a principal use. These are systems whose main purpose is to generate energy for sale back into the energy grid system, rather than being consumed on site.
G. 
Ground-mounted solar energy systems shall not be categorized as accessory buildings.
H. 
If solar energy systems are attached to accessory buildings, the number of accessory buildings allowed shall be regulated in accordance with the provisions set forth in the definition of "accessory building."
I. 
The height of ground-mounted solar energy systems and systems included on accessory buildings shall not exceed 12 feet in height.
J. 
Zoning permits and construction permits are required.
K. 
No more than 20% of a lot may be covered with a solar energy system.
L. 
Ground-mounted systems shall be located on lots of one acre or more.
STREET
Includes street, avenue, boulevard, road, highway, freeway, parkway, lane, alley, viaduct and any other ways used or intended to be used by vehicular traffic or pedestrians, whether public or private.
STREET, CENTER LINE OF
A line usually at an equal distance from both street lines or right-of-way lines.
STREET LINES
The lines upon which the width of the abutting street is established, i.e., the property line and not the curbline.
STRUCTURAL ALTERATIONS
Any change in the supporting members of a building, such as bearing walls or partitions, columns, beams or girders, or any substantial change in the roof or in the exterior walls.
STRUCTURE
Any man-made object having an ascertainable stationary location on or in land or water, whether or not affixed to the land.
SUNROOM
A structure with footings that is a roofed, enclosed area which may have siding, windows, screens, heating and air conditioning, usually attached to or part of and with access to a principal building.
[Added 4-28-1999 by Ord. No. 1999-9]
SWIMMING CLUB
A swimming club maintaining and operating a swimming pool and apparatus and equipment pertaining to the swimming pool, with or without specified limitations upon the number of members, for the exclusive use of members and their guests.
SWIMMING POOL, PRIVATE
A swimming pool and the apparatus and equipment pertaining to the swimming pool maintained by an individual for the sole use of his household and guests without charge for admission and not for the purpose of profit or in connection with any business operated for profit, located on a lot as an accessory use to a residence.
TESTING
A function involved in the examination of the qualities, performances or capabilities of a product, goods or material.
UNDERTAKING ESTABLISHMENT
A licensed mortician concerned with the arrangement of cremation or burial of the dead and the overseeing of burials.
USE
Any purpose for which a building or other structure or a tract of land may be designed, arranged, intended, maintained or occupied, or any activity, occupation, business or operation carried on in a building or other structure on a tract of land.
USED CAR LOT
An area used for the storage and display of used automobiles advertised for sale, including motorcycles, trucks and any other motorized vehicle.
USE, PRINCIPAL
The main or primary purpose or purposes for which land, a structure, building and/or a sign, or use therefor, is designed, arranged or intended or for which they may be occupied or maintained under the this chapter. All other structures, buildings, signs or uses on the same lot and incidental or supplementary thereto and permitted under the this chapter shall be considered accessory uses.[3]
YARD
An open space extending between the closest point of any building and a lot line or street line. All yard dimensions shall be measured horizontally and at right angles to either a straight street line, lot line or building facade or perpendicular to the point of tangent of curved lines and facades.
YARD, FRONT
The open space extending across the full width of a lot between the street line and the building.
YARD, REAR
The open space extending across the full width of the lot between the rear lot line and the building.
YARDS FOR CORNER LOTS
For corner lots, the yard facing one street shall be defined as the front yard, and the yard facing the other street shall be defined as a side yard. The rear yard shall be opposite the front yard. For houses which are angled, the front yard shall be on both streets, and the sides and rear shall be calculated as stipulated above.
YARD, SIDE
The open space extending the full length of the side lot lines.
YARDS, REAR, FOR IRREGULAR LOTS
Where the above definition for rear yards cannot be used because the lot is irregularly shaped, the following method shall apply: The required rear yard shall be measured by extending the line of the side exterior walls and/or offsets in exterior walls of the structure until such wall lines meet the minimum rear yard requirement. The section of open space thus created shall be designated as the rear yard.
[1]
Editor's Note: See Ch. 14, Construction Codes, Uniform.
[2]
Editor's Note: This ordinance also provided for the repeal of the former definition of "school, private," which immediately followed this definition.
[3]
Editor's Note: The definition of "wireless communication tower," added 8-13-1997 by Ord. No. 1997-10, which immediately followed this definition, was repealed 7-7-2008 by Ord. No. 2008-21. See now § 65-95.5.
A. 
General rules. Measurements from rights-of-way or watercourses shall be taken from the edge of the right-of-way rather than center.
B. 
Specific area and bulk measurements. The following regulations shall prescribe the manner in which distances are measured:
(1) 
Land area: a two-dimensional computation using the linear measurement of the boundary lines of the lot.
(2) 
Building area: a two-dimensional computation using the linear measurements of the exterior surface boundary lines taken at the building's largest horizontal cross section.
(3) 
Building length: The measurement shall be extended in only one general direction.
(4) 
Distance between buildings: The measurement shall be at the narrowest point.
(5) 
Highway access points: The measurement shall be taken along the street line.
(6) 
Parking perimeter radius: The measurement shall extend from a public entranceway.
(7) 
Setback line: The measurement shall extend perpendicular to the street line.
(8) 
Lot width on radius: For all lots fronting on a street radius, the lot width will be measured at the setback line.
(9) 
Lot sizes: In all districts, the minimum lot square footage shall be adhered to, and one side line and the frontage must conform to the minimum requirements.