[HISTORY: Adopted by the Board of Trustees of the Village of Rye Brook 12-3-1984 as L.L. No. 35-1984. Amendments noted where applicable.]
This chapter shall be known as the "Littering Law."
When not inconsistent with the context, words used in the present tense include the future, words used in the plural number include the singular number, and words used in the singular number include the plural number. The word "shall" is always mandatory and not merely directory.
For the purpose of this chapter, the following terms, phrases, words and their derivations shall have the meanings given herein:
- Any contrivance now known or hereafter invented, used or designed for navigation or for flight in the air. The word "aircraft" shall include helicopters and lighter-than-air dirigibles and balloons.
- AUTHORIZED PRIVATE RECEPTACLES
- A litter storage and collection receptacle which will contain litter in such a manner as to prevent it from being carried or deposited by the elements upon any street, sidewalk or other public place or upon any private property.
- COMMERCIAL HANDBILL
- Any printed or written matter, any sample or device, circular, leaflet, pamphlet, paper, booklet or other printed or otherwise reproduced original or copies of any manner of literature:
- (1) Which advertises for sale any merchandise, product, commodity or thing;
- (2) Which directs attention to any business or mercantile or commercial establishment or other activity for the purpose of either directly or indirectly promoting the interest thereof by sales;
- (3) Which directs attention to or advertises any meeting, theatrical performance, exhibition or event of any kind for which an admission fee is charged for the purpose of private gain or profit; but the terms of this subsection shall not apply where an admission fee is charged or a collection is taken up for the purpose of defraying the expenses incidental to such meeting, theatrical performance, exhibition or event of any kind, when either of the same is held, given or takes place in connection with the dissemination of information which is not restricted under the ordinary rules of decency, good morals, public peace, safety and good order, provided that nothing contained in this subsection shall be deemed to authorize the holding, giving or taking place of any meeting, theatrical performance, exhibition or event of any kind without a license where such license is or may be required by any law of this state or under any law of this Village; or
- (4) Which, while containing reading matter other than advertising matter, is predominantly and essentially an advertisement and is distributed or circulated for advertising purposes or for the private benefit and gain of any person so engaged as advertiser or distributor.
- Animal and vegetable wastes resulting from the handling, preparation, cooking and consumption of food.
- Any printed or written matter, any sample or device, circular, leaflet, pamphlet, newspaper, magazine, paper, booklet or any other printed or otherwise reproduced original or copies of any manner of literature not included in the aforesaid definitions of a "commercial handbill" or "newspaper."
- Garbage, refuse and rubbish, as defined herein, and all other waste material which, if thrown or deposited as herein prohibited, tends to create a danger to public health, safety and welfare.
- Any newspaper of general circulation as defined by general
law, any newspaper duly entered with the United States Postal Service
in accordance with federal statute or regulation and any newspaper
filed and recorded with any recording officer provided by general
law; and, in addition thereto, includes any periodical or current
magazine regularly published with not less than four issues per year
and sold to the public. [Amended 12-15-1992 by L.L. No. 2-1992]
- A park, reservation, playground, beach, recreation center or any other public area in the Village, owned or used by the Village and devoted to active or passive recreation.
- Any person, firm, partnership, association, corporation, company or organization of any kind.
- PRIVATE PREMISES
- Any dwelling house, building or other structure designed or used either wholly or in part for private residential purposes, whether inhabited or temporarily or continuously uninhabited or vacant, and shall include any yard, grounds, walk, driveway, porch, steps, vestibule or mailbox belonging or appurtenant to such dwelling house, building or other structure.
- PUBLIC PLACE
- Any and all streets, sidewalks, boulevards, alleys or other public ways and any and all public parks, squares, spaces, grounds and buildings.
- All putrescible and nonputrescible solid wastes (except body wastes), including garbage, rubbish, ashes, street cleanings, dead animals, automobiles not having current valid New York State motor vehicle inspection certificates, except currently registered out-of-state vehicles, and solid market and industrial wastes.
- Nonputrescible solid wastes consisting of both combustible and noncombustible wastes, such as paper, wrappings, cigarettes, cardboard, tin cans, yard clippings, leaves, wood, glass, bedding, crockery and similar materials.
- Every device in, upon or by which any person or property is or may be transported or drawn upon a highway, including devices used exclusively upon stationary rails or tracks.
- The Village of Rye Brook.
No person shall throw or deposit litter in or upon any street, sidewalk or other public place within the Village except in public receptacles or in authorized private receptacles for collection.
Persons placing litter in public receptacles or in authorized private receptacles shall do so in such a manner as to prevent it from being carried or deposited by the elements upon any street, sidewalk or other public place or upon private property.
No person shall sweep into or deposit in any gutter, street or other public place within the Village the accumulation of litter from any building or lot or from any public or private sidewalk or driveway.
No person owning or occupying a place of business shall sweep into or deposit in any gutter, street or other public place within the Village of accumulation of litter from any building or lot or from any public or private sidewalk or driveway. Persons owning or occupying places of business within the Village shall keep the sidewalks in front of their business premises free of litter.
No person, while a driver or passenger in a vehicle, shall throw or deposit litter upon any street or other public place within the Village or upon private property.
[Amended 12-15-1992 by L.L. No. 2-1992]
Every vehicle shall be so constructed or loaded to prevent any portion of the contents from escaping therefrom. No vehicle used to transport dirt or soil shall be operated or driven so as to permit dirt or mud to adhere to the wheels and to be deposited in the public streets in the Village of Rye Brook.
No person shall throw or deposit litter in any park within the Village except in public receptacles and in such manner that the litter will be prevented from being carried or deposited by the elements upon any part of the park or upon any street or other public place. Where public receptacles are not provided, all such litter shall be carried away from the park by the person responsible for its presence and properly disposed of elsewhere, as provided herein.
No person shall throw or deposit litter in any fountain, pool, pond, lake, stream, creek, bay or any other body of water within the Village.
No person shall throw or deposit any commercial handbill in or upon any sidewalk, street or other public place within the Village, nor shall any person hand out or distribute or sell any commercial handbill in any public place; provided, however that it shall not be unlawful on any sidewalk, street or other public place within the Village for any person to hand out or distribute, without charge to the receiver thereof, any noncommercial handbill to any person willing to accept it.
No person shall throw or deposit any commercial or noncommercial handbill in or upon any vehicle.
Persons owning property or occupying property shall keep the sidewalk in front of their premises free of litter.
No person shall throw, deposit or distribute any commercial or noncommercial handbill upon any private premises if requested by anyone thereon not to do so or if there is placed on said premises in a conspicuous position near the entrance thereof a sign bearing the words "No Trespassing," "No Peddlers or Agents," "No Advertisements" or any similar notice indicating in any manner that the occupants of said premises do not desire to be molested or have their right of privacy disturbed or to have any such handbills left upon such premises.
No person shall throw, deposit or distribute any commercial or noncommercial handbill in or upon private premises, except by handing or transmitting any such handbill directly to the owner, occupant or other person then present in or upon such private premises. However, in case of premises which are not posted as provided in this chapter, such person, unless requested by anyone upon such premises not to do so, may place or deposit any such handbill in or upon such premises if such handbill is so placed or deposited as to secure or prevent such handbill from being blown or drifted about such premises or sidewalks, streets or other public places, except that mailboxes may not be used when so prohibited by federal postal law or regulations.
Exemption for mail and newspapers. The provisions of this section shall not apply to the distribution of mail nor to newspapers, as defined herein, except that newspapers shall be placed on private property in such a manner as to prevent their being carried or deposited by the elements upon any street, sidewalk or other public place or upon private property.
No person shall throw or deposit litter on any private property within the Village, whether owned by such person or not, except that the owner or person in control of private property may maintain authorized private receptacles for collection in such a manner that litter will be prevented from being carried or deposited by the elements upon any street, sidewalk or other public place or upon private property.
The owner or person in control of any private property shall at all times maintain the premises free of litter; provided, however, that this section shall not prohibit the storage of litter in authorized private receptacles for collection.
Notice to remove. The Building Inspector of the Village is hereby authorized and empowered to notify the owner of any property within the Village, or the agent of such owner, to properly dispose of litter located on such owner's property. Such notice shall contain a description of the property affected, sufficiently definite in terms to identify it, and a notice that unless the litter is properly disposed of within five days after service of notice, the Village will proceed with the removal and proper disposition of such litter and shall cause the costs of such removal and disposition to be charged as a municipal lien against the premises.
Service of notice to remove. The notice referred to in Subsection A above may be served upon an owner, resident in the Village, in person or by leaving it at his usual place of residence with a member of his family above the age of 14 years. If an owner shall not reside in the Village, notice may be served upon him personally or mailed to his last known post office address by registered or certified mail, or it may be served upon the occupant of the property or upon the agent of the owner in charge thereof. If the owner of the property is unknown or service cannot for any reason be made as above directed, notice thereof shall be published at least once, no less than 10 days before the proposed removal or proper disposition, in a newspaper circulating in the Village. There may be inserted in the advertisement notice to the owners of several different parcels of land. Notice to infant owners or owners of unsound mind shall be served upon their guardians. Where lands are held in trust, service shall be made upon their guardians. Where lands are held in trust, service shall be made upon the trustee. Where lands are held by joint tenants, tenants in common or tenants by the entirety, service upon one of the owners shall be sufficient and deemed and taken as notice to all.
Filing of proof of service. Proof of service of such notices shall be filed within 10 days thereafter, or within 10 days of the publication of such notices, with the officer having charge of the record of tax liens in the Village, but failure to file the same shall not invalidate the proceedings if service has actually been made as herein provided.
Municipal liens. When the Village has effected the removal or proper disposition of such dangerous litter or has paid for its removal and proper disposition, an accurate account of the cost and expense thereof shall be kept, and a true statement under oath or affirmation shall be filed by the officer of the Village in charge of such removal or proper disposition with the Village Clerk. The Board of Trustees shall examine the same, and if it is properly made shall confirm it and file such report with the Village Clerk, who shall record it in a book to be kept for that purpose. When so recorded, the costs and charges stated in said statement shall constitute a municipal lien against the premises. Such statement recorded in accordance with the provisions hereof shall be prima facie evidence that all legal formalities have been complied with and that the work has been done properly and satisfactorily and shall be full notice to every person concerned that the amount of the statement constitutes a municipal lien against the property affected and that the same is due and collectible as hereinafter provided.
Collection of costs. The amount so charged shall forthwith become a lien upon such lands and shall be added to and become and form a part of the taxes next to be assessed and levied upon such lands, the same to bear interest at the same rate as taxes, and shall be collected and enforced by the same officers and in the same manner as taxes.
[Amended 12-15-1992 by L.L. No. 2-1992]
Any person who shall violate any provision of this chapter shall be punished as provided in § 1-17 of Chapter 1, General Provisions, upon conviction of such violation. Each day such violation is committed or permitted to continue shall constitute a separate violation and shall be punishable as hereunder.
Nothing in this chapter shall be construed to abrogate or impair the powers of any department of the Village to enforce any of its regulations nor prevent or punish for violations thereof, and the provisions of this chapter shall be in addition and supplemental to the provisions of any other law.