[HISTORY: Adopted by the Board of Trustees of the Village of Woodbury 8-12-2008 by L.L. No. 6-2008. Amendments noted where applicable.]
It is declared to be the public policy of the Village of Woodbury to preserve, protect and conserve freshwater wetlands and the benefits derived therefrom, to prevent the despoilation and destruction of freshwater wetlands and to regulate the development of such wetlands in order to secure the natural benefits of freshwater wetlands, consistent with the general welfare and beneficial economic, social and agricultural development of the Village. It is further declared to be the policy of the Village Board of the Village of Woodbury to exercise its authority pursuant to Article 24 of the State Environmental Conservation Law.
The freshwater wetlands located in the Village of Woodbury are invaluable resources for flood protection, wildlife habitat, open space and water resources.
Considerable acreage of freshwater wetlands in the Village has been lost, despoiled or impaired by unregulated draining, dredging, filling, excavating, building, pollution or other acts inconsistent with the natural uses of such areas. Other freshwater wetlands are in jeopardy of being lost, despoiled or impaired by such unregulated acts.
Recurrent flooding aggravated or caused by the loss of freshwater wetlands has serious effects upon natural ecosystems.
Freshwater wetlands conservation is a matter of Village concern.
Any loss of freshwater wetlands deprives the people of the Village of Woodbury of some or all of the many and multiple benefits to be derived from wetlands, such as:
Flood and storm control by the hydrologic absorption and storage capacity of freshwater wetlands.
Wildlife habitat by providing breeding, nesting and feeding grounds and cover for many forms of wildlife, wildfowl and shorebirds, including migratory wildfowl and rare species.
Protection of subsurface water resources and provision for valuable watersheds and recharging groundwater supplies.
Recreation by providing areas for hunting, fishing, boating, hiking, bird-watching, photography, camping and other uses.
Pollution treatment by serving as biological and chemical oxidation basins.
Erosion control by serving as sedimentation areas and filtering basins, absorbing silt and organic matter and protecting channels and harbors.
Education and scientific research by providing readily accessible outdoor biophysical laboratories, living classrooms and training and education resources.
Open space and aesthetic appreciation.
Sources of nutrients in freshwater food cycles and nursery grounds and sanctuaries for freshwater fish.
Regulation of freshwater wetlands, in accordance with the agricultural exemption established in § 165-4 hereof, is consistent with the legitimate interests of farmers and other landowners to graze and water livestock, make reasonable use of water resources, harvest natural products of the wetlands, selectively cut timber and otherwise engage in the use of land for agricultural production.
The following terms, phrases, words and their derivatives shall have the meanings given herein:
- ADJACENT AREA
- Any land in the Village of Woodbury immediately adjacent to a freshwater wetland lying within 100 feet, measured horizontally, of the boundary of a freshwater wetland.
- The Planning Board of the Village of Woodbury.
- Any person who files an application for any permit issued by the agency pursuant to this chapter and includes the agent of the owner or a contract vendee.
- The Freshwater Wetlands Appeals Board established by Article 24 of the State Environmental Conservation Law.
- BOUNDARIES OF A FRESHWATER WETLAND
- The outer limit of the vegetation specified in the definition of "freshwater wetlands," Subsections A and B of this definition, and of the waters specified in Subsection C of such definition.
- The Woodbury Village Engineer.
- FRESHWATER WETLANDS
- Lands and waters lying within the boundaries of the Village of Woodbury as shown on a freshwater wetlands map and/or which contains any or all of the following:
- A. Lands and submerged lands commonly called marshes, swamps, sloughs, bogs and flats supporting aquatic or semiaquatic vegetation of the following vegetative types:
- (1) Wetland trees which depend upon seasonal or permanent flooding or sufficiently waterlogged soils to give them a competitive advantage over other trees, including among others red maple (Acer rubrum), willows (Salix species), black spruce (Picea mariana), swamp white oak (Quercus bicolor), red ash (Fraxinum pennsylvanica), American elm (Ulmus americana) and larch (Larix laricina).
- (2) Wetland shrubs which depend upon seasonal or permanent flooding or sufficiently waterlogged soils to give them a competitive advantage over other shrubs, including among others alder (Alnus species), buttonbush (Cephalanthus occidentalis), bog rosemary (Andromeda glaucophylla) and leatherleaf (Chamaedaphne calyculata).
- (3) Emergent vegetation, including among others cattails (Typha species), pickerelweed (Pontederia cordata), arrow arum (Peltandra virginica), arrowheads (Sagittaria species), reed (Phragmites communis), wild rice (Zizania aquatica), bur reeds (Sparganium species), purple loosestrife (Lythrum salicaria), swamp loosestrife (Decodon verticillatus) and water plantain (Alisma plantago-aquatica).
- (4) Rooted, floating-leaved vegetation, including among others water lily (Nymphaea odorata), water shield (Brasenia schreberi) and spatterdock (Nuphar species).
- (5) Free-floating-leaved vegetation, including among others duckweed (Lemna species), big duckweed (Spirodela polyrhiza) and watermeal (Wolffia species).
- (6) Wet meadow vegetation which depends upon seasonal or permanent flooding or sufficiently waterlogged soils to give it a competitive advantage over other open land vegetation, including among others sedges (Carex species), rushes (Juncus species), cattails (Typha species), rice cut-grass (Leersia oryzoides), reed canary grass (Phalaris arundinace), swamp loosestrife (Decodon verticillatus) and spike rush (Eleocharis species).
- (7) Bog mat vegetation, including among others sphagnum mosses (Sphagnum species), bog rosemary (Andromeda glaucophylla), leatherleaf (Chamaedaphne calyculata), pitcher plant (Sarracenia purpurea) and cranberries (Vaccinium macrocarpon and Vaccinium oxycoccos).
- (8) Submergent vegetation, including among others pondweeds (Potamogeton species), nalads (Najas species), bladderworts (Utricularia species), wild celery (Vallisneria americana), coontail (Ceratophyllum demersum), water milfoils (Myriophyllum species), muskgrass (Chara species), stonewort (Nitella species), waterweeds (Elodea species) and water smartweed (Polygonum amphibium).
- B. Lands and submerged lands containing remnants of any vegetation that is not aquatic or semiaquatic that has died because of wet conditions over a sufficiently long period, provided that such wet conditions do not exceed a maximum seasonal water depth of six feet and provided further that such conditions can be expected to persist indefinitely, barring human intervention.
- FRESHWATER WETLANDS MAP
- A map on which is indicated the boundaries of any freshwater wetland and which has been filed with the Clerk of the Village of Woodbury by the State Department of Environmental Conservation, pursuant to § 24-0301 of the State Environmental Conservation Law.
- LOCAL GOVERNMENT
- A city, county, town or village.
- PARTY IN INTEREST
- The applicant, the agency, the State Department of Environmental Conservation, each local government in which the regulated activity or any part thereof is located and any person who appears and wishes to be a party in interest at the public hearing held pursuant to § 165-6 of this chapter.
- Any corporation, firm, partnership, association, trust, estate, one or more individuals and any unit of government or agency or subdivision thereof.
- The presence in the environment of human-induced conditions or contaminants in quantities or characteristics which are or may be injurious to humans, plants, animals or property.
- Any action which may result in direct or indirect physical impact on a freshwater wetlands including but not limited to any regulated activity.
- REGULATED ACTIVITY
- Any form of draining, dredging, excavation, removal of soil, mud, sand, shells, gravel or other aggregate from any freshwater wetland either directly or indirectly; any form of dumping, filling or depositing of any soil, stones, sand, gravel, mud, rubbish or fill of any kind either directly or indirectly; erecting any structures or roads, driving of pilings or placing of any other obstructions whether or not changing the ebb and flow of the water; any form of pollution, including but not limited to installing a septic tank, running a sewer, outfall, discharging sewage treatment effluent or other liquid wastes directly into or so as to drain into a freshwater wetland; that portion of any subdivision of land in any freshwater wetland or adjacent area; and any other activity which substantially impairs any of the several functions served by freshwater wetlands or the benefits derived therefrom which are set forth in § 165-2 of this chapter.
- SELECTIVE CUTTING
- The annual or periodic removal of trees, individually or in small groups, in order to realize the yield and establish a new crop and to improve the forest, which removal does not involve the total elimination of one or more particular species of trees.
- The State of New York.
- STATE AGENCY
- Any state department, bureau, commission, board or other agency, public authority or public benefit corporation.
- SUBDIVISION OF LAND
- Any division of land into two or more lots, parcels or sites, whether adjoining or not, for the purpose of sale, lease, license or any form of separate ownership or occupancy, including any grading, road construction, installation of utilities or other improvements or any other land use and development preparatory or incidental to any such division, by any person or by any other person controlled by, under common control with or controlling such person or by any group of persons acting in concert as part of a common scheme or plan. "Subdivision of land" shall include any map, plan or other plan of division of land, whether or not previously filed. "Subdivision of land" shall not include the lease of land for hunting and fishing and other open space recreation uses and shall not include the division of land by bona fide gift, devise or inheritance.
- The Village of Woodbury.
Except as provided in Subsection B of this section, no person shall conduct a regulated activity on any freshwater wetland or adjacent area unless such person has first obtained a permit pursuant to this chapter.
No permit under this chapter shall be required for:
The deposition or removal of the natural products of freshwater wetlands and adjacent areas by recreational or commercial fishing, shellfishing, aquaculture, hunting or trapping where otherwise legally permitted and regulated.
The activities of farmers and other landowners in grazing and watering livestock, making reasonable use of water resources, harvesting natural products of wetlands or adjacent areas, selective cutting of timber, draining land or wetlands for growing agricultural products and otherwise engaging in the use of wetlands or other land for growing agricultural products, except that structures not required for enhancement or maintenance of the agricultural productivity of the land and any filling activities shall not be excluded hereunder. Each farmer or other landowner who intends to conduct an otherwise regulated activity shall notify the agency, in writing, prior to conducting the activity, of his or her intention to engage in such activity, stating the approximate acreage of freshwater wetland or adjacent area affected, the location thereof, the methods to be employed and the uses to be made of such land. A soil and water conservation plan prepared by a Soil and Water Conservation District and filed with the agency shall be deemed sufficient notification for the purposes of this subsection.
Public health activities, orders and regulations of the State Department of Health undertaken in compliance with § 24-0701, Subdivision 5, of the State Environmental Conservation Law.
Activities subject to the review jurisdiction of the State Public Service Commission or the New York State Board on Electric Generation Siting and the Environment under Article 7 or Article 8 of the State Public Service Law, respectively. The standards and restrictions of this law will be applied by said bodies in determining whether to issue a certificate of environmental compatibility and public need under such articles.
Any actual and ongoing emergency activity which is immediately necessary for the protection and preservation of life or property or the protection or preservation of natural resource values. Such emergency activities include, for example, search and rescue operations, preventive or remedial activities related to large-scale contamination of streams or other bodies of water, floods, hurricanes and other storms and public health concerns. Within five days of the end of an emergency involving the undertaking of any activity which otherwise would be treated as a regulated activity under this chapter, the person chiefly responsible for undertaking such emergency activity shall send a written statement to the agency setting forth the pertinent facts regarding such emergency, including an explanation of the life, property or resource values such activity was designed to protect or preserve.
Any activity located in a freshwater wetland where such wetland is located in more than one Village.
Any person proposing to conduct or cause to be conducted a regulated activity requiring a permit under this chapter upon any freshwater wetland or adjacent area shall file an application for a permit with the Engineer. He shall immediately forward such application to the agency.
An application for a permit shall be filed by the applicant on a form prescribed by the agency. Such application shall set forth the purpose, character and extent of the proposed regulated activity. The application shall include a detailed description of the regulated activity, a map showing the area of freshwater wetland or adjacent area directly affected with the location of the proposed regulated activity thereon, a deed or other legal description describing the subject property and such additional information as the agency deems sufficient to enable it to make the findings and determinations required under this chapter.
The application shall be accompanied by a list of the names of the owners of record of lands adjacent to the freshwater wetland or adjacent area upon which the project is to be undertaken and the names of known claimants of water rights, of whom the applicant has notice, which relate to any land within, or within 100 feet of the boundary of, the property on which the proposed regulated activity will be located.
An application shall not be deemed to be completed or received until the agency determines that all such information, including any additional information requested, has been supplied in a complete and satisfactory form.
The Engineer shall cause a copy of such completed application to be mailed to all local governments where the proposed activity or any part thereof is located.
Notice of application.
Within five days of its receipt of a completed application for a permit regarding a proposed regulated activity, the agency shall provide the applicant with a notice of application which the applicant shall publish at his or her own expense at least once in one newspaper having a general circulation in the Village of Woodbury.
Said notice of application shall be in a form prescribed by the agency and shall:
Specify that persons wishing to object to the application should file with the agency by a specified date a notice of objection, together with a statement of the precise grounds of objection to the application.
Specify that if no notices of objection are timely filed or if the agency determines that the proposed activity is of such a minor nature as to not affect or endanger the balance of systems within any freshwater wetland, then the agency, in its discretion, may determine a hearing is not necessary and dispense with the public hearing.
Specify that the application, including all documents and maps therewith, is available for public inspection at the office of the Engineer.
No sooner than 30 days and not later than 60 days after its receipt of a completed application for a permit regarding such proposed regulated activity and after the publication of a notice of application pursuant to Subsection D of this section, the agency shall hold a public hearing on such application, which hearing shall be held pursuant to the provisions of § 165-6 of this chapter.
Notwithstanding the provisions of Subsection E(1) of this section, where no notice of objection to the notice of application published pursuant to Subsection D of this section shall have been filed within the time specified by that notice or where the agency determines that the proposed activity is of such a minor nature as not to affect or endanger the balance of systems within any freshwater wetland, the agency may, in its discretion, dispense with such hearing. Where the agency finds that a public hearing is not necessary, it shall publish a decision setting forth its reasons therefor, which decision shall be a matter of public record and shall be mailed to each local government where the proposed regulated activity or any part thereof will be located. Public notice of such decision that a public hearing is not necessary shall be provided in the same manner as notice of application set forth in Subsection D of this section.
Notice of hearing.
The agency shall, within 21 days of receipt of a completed application, provide the applicant with a notice of hearing which the applicant shall publish at his or her own expense at least 15 days prior to the date set for the hearing and at least once in the official newspaper of the Village of Woodbury.
At least 15 days prior to the date set for the hearing, the agency shall, by certified mail, provide a notice of hearing to each local government within whose boundaries the proposed regulated activity or any portion thereof will be located.
At least 15 days prior to the date set for the hearing, the agency shall, by certified mail, provide a notice of hearing to all owners of record of land adjacent to the affected freshwater wetland or adjacent area and to all known claimants of water rights, of whom the applicant has notice, which relate to any land within, or within 100 feet of the boundary of, the property on which the proposed regulated activity will be located.
The notice of hearing shall:
State the name of the applicant.
Specify the location and outline the scope of the proposed regulated activity.
Specify the date, time and place of the public hearing on the application.
Specify that persons wishing to be parties in interest and eligible to be heard at such public hearing, if any, should file with the agency by a specified date a notice of appearance, together with a statement of the precise grounds of support of, opposition to or interest in the application.
Specify that any person who wishes to be a party in interest without filing a notice of appearance may do so by appearing at the public hearing and indicating his or her desire to be a party in interest if a public hearing is held.
Specify that if no notices of appearance are timely filed by any party in interest and if the applicant waives any public hearing, then the public hearing may be canceled by the agency.
Specify that the application, including all documents and maps therewith, is available for public inspection at the office of the Engineer.
The agency shall make the application, including all documents and maps associated with it, available for public inspection at the Engineer's office.
If no timely notice of appearance has been filed as provided in the notice of hearing published pursuant to Subsection F of this section and the applicant waives his right, in writing, to a public hearing, the agency may dispense with a public hearing and in such instance shall provide public notice of the cancellation of the hearing.
For any notice canceling a hearing which has been scheduled, notice shall be given in the same manner as the notice of public hearing provided in Subsection F of this section.
Any public hearing held on a permit application received under this chapter shall be conducted by the agency within the Village of Woodbury.
Parties in interest.
Any person may appear as a party in interest, notwithstanding the failure of such person to file a timely notice of appearance, by appearing at the hearing and making known his or her desire to be a party in interest. Persons who are not parties in interest may be allowed to participate in the hearing where the agency finds that such participation would be in the public interest.
All parties in interest shall be afforded an opportunity to present oral and written arguments on issues of law and policy and an opportunity to call witnesses in their behalf and to present oral and written evidence on issues of fact. The agency shall permit the parties in interest to cross-examine witnesses but may limit such cross-examination to avoid the introduction of irrelevant or repetitious material in the record of the hearing.
Where a public hearing has been held regarding a permit application, the agency shall either issue the permit requested, with or without conditions, or deny the application. The decision by the agency to issue or deny a permit after public hearing shall be based on the record of the hearing and shall be made, in writing, within 30 days of the agency's receipt of the hearing record.
Where no public hearing regarding a permit application has been held, either because a hearing was determined not to be necessary pursuant to § 165-5E(2) of this chapter or because no notice of appearance was filed with regard to the public hearing and a hearing was canceled pursuant to § 165-5H of this chapter, the agency shall compile an official file, consisting of documents submitted by the applicant and any additional documents relied on by the agency with respect to the application. The agency may also take notice of general, technical or scientific facts within the specialized knowledge of the agency. Any document made part of such official file shall be available for inspection by the applicant and any interested member of the public. On the basis of such file, the agency shall either issue the permit requested, with or without conditions, deny the application or order a public hearing to be held pursuant to the provisions of this chapter. The decision by the agency to issue or deny a permit or to order that a hearing be held shall be based on the official file and shall be made, in writing, within 30 days of its completion of the official file and in any event within 60 days of its receipt of a completed application, provided that in the case where there have been no objections filed regarding a proposed project, the issuance of a permit shall be deemed to be a written decision by the agency.
A copy of the decision of the agency on each application for a permit under this chapter shall be mailed by the agency as soon as practicable following such decision to the applicant and to each local government within whose boundaries the proposed regulated activity or any portion thereof is located and, if a public hearing has been held regarding the application, to each party in interest.
In granting, denying or conditioning any permit, the agency shall consider the effect of the proposed activities with reference to the public health and welfare, fishing, flood, hurricane and storm dangers and protection or enhancement of the several functions of the freshwater wetlands and the benefits derived therefrom which are set forth in § 165-2 of this chapter.
No permit shall be issued by the agency pursuant to this chapter unless the agency shall find that:
The proposed regulated activity is consistent with the policy of this chapter to preserve, protect and conserve freshwater wetlands and the benefits derived therefrom, to prevent the despoliation and destruction of freshwater wetlands and to regulate the development of such wetlands in order to secure the natural benefits of freshwater wetlands, consistent with the general welfare and beneficial economic, social and agricultural development of the Village of Woodbury.
The proposed regulated activity is consistent with the land use regulations applicable in the Village of Woodbury pursuant to § 24-0903 of Article 24 of the State Environmental Conservation Law.
The proposed regulated activity is compatible with the public health and welfare.
The proposed regulated activity is reasonable and necessary.
There is no reasonable alternative for the proposed regulated activity on a site which is not a freshwater wetland or an adjacent area.
The applicant shall have the burden of demonstrating that the proposed regulated activity will be in accord with the standards set forth in this subsection.
Duly filed written notice by the state or any agency or subdivision thereof to the agency that the state or any such agency or subdivision is in the process of acquiring, by negotiation or condemnation, the affected freshwater wetland on which a proposed regulated activity would be located shall be sufficient basis for denial of a permit for such regulated activity. Such notice may be provided at any time prior to the agency's decision to issue or deny a permit for the regulated activity.
Any permit issued pursuant to this chapter may be issued with conditions. Such conditions may be attached as are necessary to assure the preservation and protection of affected freshwater wetlands and to assure compliance with the policy and provisions of this chapter and the provisions of the agency's rules and regulations adopted pursuant to this chapter.
Every permit issued pursuant to this chapter shall contain the following conditions:
The agency shall have the right to inspect the project from time to time.
The permit shall expire on a certain date.
The permit holder shall notify the agency of the date on which project construction is to begin at least five days in advance of such.
The agency's permit shall be prominently displayed at the project site during the undertaking of the activities authorized by the permit.
The agency shall set forth, in writing, in the file it keeps regarding a permit application its findings and reasons for all conditions attached to any permit.
In order to carry out the purposes and provisions of this chapter, the Village Board shall have the following powers:
To appoint officers, agents and employees and prescribe their duties and qualifications and fix their compensation.
To adopt, amend and repeal, after public hearing, such rules and regulations, consistent with this law, as it deems necessary to administer this chapter and to do any and all things necessary or convenient to carry out the purpose and policies of this chapter.
To contract for professional and technical assistance and advice.
To hold hearings and subpoena witnesses in the exercise of its powers, functions and duties provided for by this chapter.
To the greatest extent practicable, any public hearing held pursuant to § 165-6 of this chapter shall be incorporated with any public hearing required by or pursuant to the New York State Village Law, General Municipal Law or Environmental Conservation Law relating to approvals or permits otherwise required for the undertaking of regulated activities on the freshwater wetlands or adjacent area in question.
No permit granted pursuant to this chapter shall remove any person's obligation to comply in all respects with the applicable provisions of any other federal, state or local law or regulation, including but not limited to the acquisition of any other required permit or approval.
The agency may require that, prior to commencement of work under any permit issued pursuant to this chapter, the permittee shall post a cash or surety bond with the agency in an amount determined by the agency, conditioned upon the faithful compliance with the terms of such permit and for the indemnification of the Village of Woodbury for restoration costs resulting from failure to so comply. Such bond shall be either in cash or a bond issued by a corporate surety authorized to do business in the state in a form approved by the Attorney for the Village and shall be in favor of the Village of Woodbury. The form of the bond shall be determined by the Village Board. It shall remain in effect until the agency certifies that the work has been completed in compliance with the terms of the permit or until the bond is released by the agency after approval of the Village Board or a substitute bond is provided.
The agency shall set forth, in writing, its findings and reasons for imposing a bond pursuant to this section.
The agency may suspend or revoke a permit issued pursuant to this chapter where it finds that the permittee has not complied with any or all terms of such permit, has exceeded the authority granted in the permit or has failed to undertake the project in the manner set forth in the application.
The agency shall set forth, in writing, its findings and reasons for revoking or suspending a permit.
The Attorney General, upon his or her own initiative or upon complaint of the agency, shall prosecute persons alleged to have violated any such order of the agency pursuant to this chapter.
The agency shall have the right to seek equitable relief to restrain any violation or threatened violation of any provisions of this chapter.
Any decision or order of the agency, or of any officer or employee thereof, made pursuant to or within the scope of this chapter may be reviewed at the insistence of any person affected thereby, including but not limited to any owner of the affected wetland or adjacent area and any resident or citizen of the Village of Woodbury, by the Board in accordance with Title 11 of Article 24 of the State Environmental Conservation Law, provided that such review is commenced by the filing with the Board of a notice of review within 30 days after service of such order or after notice of such decision given, as the case may be.
Any party to any proceeding before the agency may make an appeal to the Board in accordance with Title 11 of Article 24 of the State Environmental Conservation Law from any order or decision of the agency, or of any officer or employee thereof, issued or made pursuant to or within the scope of this chapter, provided that such appeal is commenced by the filing with the Board of a notice of appeal within 30 days after service of such order or after notice of such decision given, as the case may be.
Any decision or order of the agency, or of any officer or employee thereof, made pursuant to or within the scope of this chapter may be reviewed at the insistence of any person, including but not limited to any owner of the affected wetland or adjacent area and any resident or citizen of the Village of Woodbury, in accordance with Article 78 of the State Civil Practice Law and Rules, provided that such review is commenced within 30 days of the filing of such decision or order; and the limitation upon the availability of such remedy as prescribed in § 7801 of the Civil Practice Law and Rules shall not be applicable to the applications for review of determinations and orders made pursuant to this chapter.
The institution of a judicial proceeding to review a determination or order of the agency shall preclude the institution of a proceeding before the Board to review such a determination or order. The availability of such review by the Board shall not affect the right of any person to seek review of a determination of the agency as provided in Article 78 of the State Civil Practice Law and Rules.
Administrative sanctions. Any person who violates, disobeys or disregards any provision of this chapter, including any provision of any permit issued pursuant to this chapter or any rule or regulation adopted by the Village Board or agency pursuant to this chapter, shall be liable to the people of the state for a civil penalty not to exceed $3,000 for every such violation, to be assessed by the agency after a hearing or opportunity to be heard upon due notice and with the rights to specification of the charges and representation by counsel at such hearing. Such penalty may be recovered in an action brought by the Attorney General at the request and in the name of the agency in any court of competent jurisdiction. Such civil penalty may be released or compromised by the agency before the matter has been referred to the Attorney General, and such penalty may be released or compromised and any action commenced to recover the same may be settled and discontinued by the Attorney General with the consent of the agency. In addition, the agency shall have power, following a hearing held in conformance with the procedures set forth in § 71-1709 of the State Environmental Conservation Law, to direct the violator to cease his or her violation of this chapter and to restore the affected freshwater wetland to its condition prior to the violation, insofar as that is possible within a reasonable time and under the supervision of the agency. Any such order of the agency shall be enforceable in an action brought by the Attorney General at the request and in the name of the agency in any court of competent jurisdiction. Any civil penalty or order issued by the agency pursuant to this subsection shall be reviewable in a proceeding pursuant to Article 78 of the State Civil Practice Law and Rules.
Criminal sanctions. Any person who violates an order, permit or rule or regulation of the agency regulating freshwater wetlands and adjacent areas pursuant to this chapter shall, in addition, for the first offense, be guilty of a violation punishable by a fine of not less than $500 nor more than $1,000; for a second and each subsequent offense, he or she shall be guilty of a misdemeanor punishable by a fine of not less than $1,000 nor more than $2,000 or a term of imprisonment of not less than 15 days nor more than six months, or both. Instead of these punishments, any offender may be punished by being ordered by the court to restore the affected freshwater wetland to its condition prior to the offense, insofar as that is possible. The court shall specify a reasonable time for the completion of such restoration, which shall be effected under the supervision of the agency. Each offense shall be a separate and distinct offense and, in the case of a continuing offense, each day's continuance thereof shall be deemed a separate and distinct offense.