Township of Upper Chichester, PA
Delaware County
By using eCode360 you agree to be legally bound by the Terms of Use. If you do not agree to the Terms of Use, please do not use eCode360.
Table of Contents
Table of Contents
As used in this chapter, the following terms shall have the meanings indicated:
ADDITION, NONRESIDENTIAL
An increase in the size of a nonresidential building. Such addition shall be regarded as a land development which must be submitted to the Township Planning Commission, Township Engineer, and DCPD for review in cases where it would increase the floor area of the building by 50% or more.
ALLEY
A paved lane which provides secondary service access for vehicles to the side or rear of abutting properties.
ALTERATION
A change or rearrangement in the structural parts or in the means or egress, or an enlargement, whether by extending on a side or by increasing the height, or moving from one location or position to another.
APPLICANT
A landowner or developer who has files an application for development including his heirs, successors, and assigns.
APPLICATION FOR DEVELOPMENT
Every application whether preliminary, tentative, or final, required to be filed and approved prior to the start of construction or development including but not limited to an application for a building permit, for the approval of a subdivision plot, or plan, or for the approval of a development plan.
AS-BUILT PLAN
A plan prepared by a registered engineer or surveyor, bearing his seal, indicating the location and elevation of all public improvements including but not limited to curbs, sidewalks, storm sewers, sanitary sewers, water supply, gas and electric easements, and stormwater detention facilities.
BERM
A raised earth mound of sufficient height, which constitutes an effective screen and gives maximum protection and immediate visual screening.
BLOCK
A tract of land bounded by streets or a combination of streets, railroad rights-of-way, waterways, public land, unsubdivided area, or other definite barrier.
BUILDING
See "structure."
BUILDING COVERAGE
The ratio obtained by dividing the ground floor area of all principal and accessory buildings on a lot by the total area of the lot upon which the buildings are located.
CAPPED SEWER SYSTEM
A completed sewer system including sewer lines, lateral connections, and all other appurtenances which are capped and in place for future connection to an approved public sewer system.
CARTWAY
The paved surface of a street right-of-way which is available for vehicular traffic, including parking lanes but excluding shoulders, drainage swale, and curbs.
CATCH BASIN
An inlet designed to intercept and redirect surface waters.
CLEAR SIGHT TRIANGLE
An area of unobstructed vision at a street intersection defined by lines of sight between points at a given distance from the intersection of the street center line.
COMMON OPEN SPACE
A parcel or parcels of land or an area of water, or a combination of land and water within a land development or a subdivision, designed and intended for the use or enjoyment of residents or occupants thereof, not including streets, off-street parking areas, and areas set aside for public facilities.
CUL-DE-SAC
A street intersecting another street at one end and terminating at the other end in a vehicular turnaround.
CULVERT
A drain, ditch, or conduit not incorporated in a closed system that carries drainage water under a street, driveway, or sidewalk.
DEVELOPER
Any landowner, agent of such landowner, or tenant with the permission of such landowner who makes or causes to be made a subdivision of land or a land development.
DEVELOPMENT PLAN
The proposal for development, including a planned residential development, a plot of subdivision, all covenants relating to use, location, and bulk of buildings and other structures, intensity of use or density of development, streets, ways, and parking facilities, common open space, and public facilities.
EASEMENT
A grant of property rights for the use of land by the property owner to another person, organization, or entity for a specific purpose.
GRADE
The change in elevation over a distance of 100 feet expressed as a percentage.
HALF STREET
A street, generally parallel and adjacent to a property line having a lesser right-of-way width than normally required for satisfactory improvement and use of the street.
IMPROVEMENT
Grading, paving, curbing, streetlights and signs, landscaping, water mains, hydrants, sanitary sewers including laterals to the street, sidewalks, monuments, and all other additions to the tract that are required by ordinance or necessary to result in a complete subdivision/land development in the fullest extent of the term.
LAND DEVELOPMENT
Any of the following activities:
A. 
The improvement of one lot or two or more contiguous lots, tracts, or parcels of land for any purpose involving:
(1) 
A group of two or more residential or nonresidential buildings, whether proposed initially or cumulatively, or a single nonresidential building on a lot or lots regardless of the number of occupants or tenure; or
(2) 
The division or allocation of land or space, whether initially or cumulatively, between or among two or more existing or prospective occupants by means of, or for the purpose of, streets, common areas, leaseholds, condominiums, building groups, or other features.
B. 
A subdivision, resubdivision, or reverse subdivision of land.
LAND DEVELOPMENT, EXCLUSIONS
The exclusion of certain land developments shall include the conversion of an existing single-family detached dwelling or single-family semidetached dwelling into not more than three residential units, unless such units are intended to be a condominium.
LANDOWNER
The legal or beneficial owner or owners of land including the holder of an option or contract to purchase (whether or not such option or contract is subject to any condition), a lessee if he is authorized under the lease to exercise the rights of the landowner, or other person having a proprietary interest in land.
LOT
A parcel of land which is or may be occupied by a building and/or accessory structure or use, including open spaces and setbacks as are required within the zoning district in which the lot is located.
LOT, REVERSE FRONTAGE
A lot extending between and having frontage on two generally parallel streets with vehicular access from only one street.
MOBILE HOME
A transportable, single-family dwelling intended for permanent occupancy contained in one unit, or in two or more units designed to be joined into one integral unit capable again of being separated for repeated towing which arrives at a site complete and ready for occupancy except for minor and incidental unpacking and assembly operations, and constructed so that it may be used with or without a permanent foundation. This definition is in accordance with the Pennsylvania Municipalities Planning Code.[1]
MOBILE HOME LOT
A parcel of land improved with the necessary utility connections and other appurtenances necessary for the placement thereon of single mobile home.
MOBILE HOME PARK
A parcel or parcels of land, at least 10 acres, under single or separate ownership, which has been planned and improved for the placement of mobile homes for nontransient use, consisting of two or more mobile home lots.
MONUMENTS AND MARKERS
A structure which marks and identifies a perimeter boundary, lot lines, street lines, or corner of lots and streets.
PLAN, FINAL
A complete and exact plan, including all supplemental required data, prepared for official recording. The final plan shall be prepared by a professional land surveyor, engineer, architect, or landscape architect. The metes and bounds for the outbound survey of the site must be certified by a professional land surveyor registered in the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania.
PLANNED RESIDENTIAL DEVELOPMENT
A contiguous area of land, controlled by a landowner, to be developed as single entity for a number of dwelling units, the development plan for which must comply with the lot size, bulk or type of dwelling, density, lot coverage, required open space, and other provisions of Article XIII, PRD Planned Residential Development District, of Chapter 600, Zoning, of the Code of the Township of Upper Chichester.[2]
PLANNING MODULE
A DEP form used to evaluate proposed revisions to the municipal sewage facilities plan to accommodate specific sewage facilities for new land developments.
PLAN, PRELIMINARY
A plan, showing approximate proposed street and lot layout in lesser detail than a final plan, required as a basis for considered by the Township prior to preparation of a final plan, and prepared by a qualified professional surveyor, architect, engineer, or landscape architect.
PLAN, SKETCH
An informal plan indicating salient existing features of a tract and its surroundings and the general layout of a proposed subdivision or land development to be used as a basis for discussion and consideration by the Township.
RETENTION/DETENTION BASIN
A pond, pool, or basin used for the storage of stormwater runoff.
RIGHT-OF-WAY
Land acquired by reservation, dedication, prescription, condemnation, or other legal manner and occupied or intended to be occupied by a street, crosswalk, electric transmission line, oil or gas pipeline, waterline, watercourse, or similar uses.
RUNOFF
The surface water or discharge of a given watershed after a fall of rain or snow that does not enter the soil but runs off the surface of the land.
SEWER DISPOSAL, ON-LOT
Any structure or system designed to treat sanitary sewage within the boundaries of an individual lot.
SEWER SYSTEM, COMMUNITY
A sanitary sewage collection system in which sewage is carried from individual dischargers by a system of pipes to a central treatment plant, commonly called a "package treatment plant," generally serving a single land development, subdivision, or neighborhood and operated by a governmental agency or authority, public utility company, or developer.
SEWER SYSTEM, PUBLIC
A sanitary sewage collection system in which sewage is carried from individual dischargers through a system of pipes to a central treatment plant, generally serving a major portion of a municipality or municipalities and operated by a governmental agency or authority or public utility company.
SIGHT DISTANCE
The required length of road visible to the driver of a vehicle at any given point on the road when the view is unobstructed by traffic.
STORMWATER
Water which surfaces, flows, or collects during and subsequent to rain or snowfall.
STREET ARTERIAL
A street serving a large volume of comparatively high-speed and long-distance traffic, including all facilities classified as main and secondary highways by the Pennsylvania Department of Transportation.
STREET, COLLECTOR
A street which carries traffic from local streets to arterial streets or to major facilities or developments.
STREET, LOCAL
A street used primarily to provide access to abutting properties and to conduct traffic to collector and arterial streets.
STRUCTURE
Any man-made object having an ascertainable stationary location on or in land or water, whether or not affixed to the land.
SUBDIVISION
The division or redivision of a lot, tract, or parcel of land by any means into two or more lots, tracts, parcels, or other divisions of land including changes in existing lot lines for the purpose, whether immediate or future, of lease, partition by the court for distribution to heirs or devisees, transfer of ownership of building, or lot development; provided, however, that the subdivision, by lease of land for agricultural purposes into parcels of more than 10 acres, not involving any new street or easement of access or any residential dwelling, shall be exempted.
SUBDIVISION, MAJOR
A subdivision resulting in the creation of five lots or more, any nonresidential subdivision involving the extension of municipal facilities, the creation of a street, or the extension of an existing street; land developments shall also be considered major subdivisions.
SUBDIVISION, REVERSE
The combining of individual recorded lots to form a single tract in single ownership.
YARD
The required open, unoccupied space on the same lot with a building or, where provided for in this chapter, such open space in connection with a group or complex of buildings on a lot, which open space is unoccupied and unobstructed by any portion of a principal structure from the ground upward, except for projections permitted.
YARD, FRONT
A yard extending the full width of the lot from the street line to the front of the principal building on the lot, with a minimum depth as required in each district which is measured from the street line to the building line. In the case of a corner lot, there shall be a front yard on each street on which the lot abuts.
YARD, REAR
A yard extending the full width of the lot from the rear lot line to the rear of the principal building on the lot, with a minimum depth as required in each district which is measured from the rear lot line. In the case of a corner lot, the owner or developer may, after consulting with the Township Engineer at the time of the application for a permit, specify which yard shall be the rear yard, taking into account the prevailing lot pattern when established.
YARD, SIDE
A yard extending from the front yard to the rear yard and from a side lot line to the side of the principal building on the lot, with a minimum depth as required in each district which is measured from the side lot line. In the case of a corner lot, the owner or developer may, after consulting with the Township Engineer at the time of application for a permit, specify which yard shall be the side yard taking into consideration the prevailing lot pattern when established.
[1]
Editor's Note: See 53 P.S. § 10101 et seq.
[2]
Editor's Note: Amended at time of adoption of Code (see Ch. 1, General Provisions, Art. I).