[HISTORY: Adopted by the Board of Commissioners of the Township of Upper Chichester 12-10-1981 by Ord. No. 407 (Ch. 10, Part 3, of the 1987 Code of Ordinances). Amendments noted where applicable.]
The title of this chapter shall be known as the "Uniform Vector Control Ordinance."
The purpose of this chapter is to protect the public health, safety, and general welfare, by:
Preventing or controlling the spread of vector-borne disease;
Averting the blighting effects which the presence of vector infestation places on an affected neighborhood, including undermining the desirability of housing, causing decline in property value, and contributing to the image of an environmentally unfit area; and
Facilitating the services of the Joint Vector Control Program Staff by making more uniform municipal regulations concerning vector control.
As used in this chapter, the following terms shall have the meanings indicated:
- The control and elimination of vectors by eliminating harborage areas, by removing food sources or making them inaccessible, by poisoning, spraying, fumigating, trapping, or any other legal vector elimination methods which is not injurious to human health or the safety of domestic animals.
- The animal and/or vegetable waste resulting from the handling, preparation, cooking, serving, or nonconsumption of food.
- The presence of vectors within or contiguous to a structure or premises.
- INSPECTION OFFICER
- The municipal Health Officer, a staff member of the Joint Vector Control Program, and/or any other persons authorized in writing by the governing body of the Township of Upper Chichester to conduct inspection and administrative procedures to enforce the provisions of this chapter.
- All large items of rubbish, including but not limited to:
- Any person living, sleeping, cooking, or eating in, or actually having possession of, a dwelling unit or a rooming unit, except that in dwelling units a temporary guest will not be considered an occupant.
- Any person who, alone or joint-severally with others:
- A. Shall have legal title to any premises, dwelling unit, or dwelling, with or without accompanying actual possession thereof; or
- B. Shall have charge, care, or control of any premises, dwelling unit, or dwelling, as owner or agent of the owner, or an executor, administrator, trustee, assignee of rents, or guardian of the estate of the owner. Any such person thus representing the actual owner shall be bound to comply with the provisions of this chapter to the same extent as if he were the owner.
- Any individual, business, firm, corporation, association, or partnership.
- All areas of a property, including all interior, exterior, grounds, and yard spaces.
- Solid wastes other than garbage, consisting of either:
- Any man-made construction or building which is located on any part of the premises.
- URBANIZED AREA
- Any area which is located within 1,000 feet of either:
- An organism which, either directly or indirectly via micro-organisms which it carries, can transmit disease to man. For the purpose of this chapter, the term "vector" shall ordinarily, but not exclusively, refer to rodent, insect, or vermin species.
- VECTOR HARBORAGE or VECTOR SOURCE
- Any area, interior, or exterior, where vectors can live, nest, breed, or seek any form of shelter.
- Describing a form of construction which prevents the ingress or egress of vectors to and from a given space or structure, or which prevents vectors from gaining access to food, water, or harborage.
[Amended 11-17-1987 by Ord. No. 456]
Inspection procedures shall be conducted by the Inspection Officer.
The Inspection Office shall be empowered to inspect any structure or premises, in the Township of Upper Chichester at any reasonable time. The Inspection Officer is authorized to conduct the inspection on any part of the premises, including any interior spaces.
In the event that the owner or occupant refuses to permit the Inspection Officer to inspect the premises, the Inspection Officer shall obtain an administrative search warrant from the Magisterial District Judge of competent jurisdiction authorizing entry to the premises in question, or the Inspection Officer may make the inspection by any other lawful means.
The Inspection Officer shall reinspect any premises which have been previously cited for violating the terms of this chapter within 180 days of the date on which the violation has been certified as having been corrected.
The Inspection Officer shall continue to inspect the premises periodically as he deems necessary until he has certified that the violation has been corrected.
Inspection of specific types of land uses which are prone to vector harborage shall occur regularly as indicated below:
Commercial, industrial, or institutional establishments in which foodstuffs are sold, handled, processed, or stored: annual inspection;
Commercial, industrial, or institutional establishments in which large quantities of materials must be regularly located in outside storage areas; annual inspection.
Any owner or occupant within the Township of Upper Chichester may issue a complaint requesting action by the Inspection Officer. The complaint must be signed and in writing, unless otherwise requested by the complainant or a court of competent jurisdiction. Within 15 days of the receipt of the complaint, the Inspection Officer shall indicate in writing the action taken on the complaint.
When the Inspection Officer has deemed any premises in violation of this chapter, he shall issue a written notice of violation to the owner and/or occupant, depending on the nature of the violation, and shall require the owner and/or occupant to correct the cited violation.
The written notice of violation shall contain at a minimum the following information:
Indicate the address and/or the location of the premises;
Describe all violations, including the date(s) on which they were observed and indicating where on the premises the violations exist or were practiced;
At the discretion of the Inspection Officer, indicate alternative techniques or practices which are satisfactory to correct the cited violation;
Issue an order to correct and indicate the penalties for noncompliance;
Specify a period of time by which the violation must be corrected;
Carry the signature or facsimile of the signature of the Inspection Officer; and
Indicate the name, office mailing address, and office telephone number of the Inspection Officer.
The notice of violation shall be served upon the owner of record or the occupant of the structure by any one of the following methods:
Delivering the notice directly to the hands of the owner or occupant or responsible person in his household who will sign for him;
Mailing the notice or a copy thereof by return receipt mail the last known address of the owner or occupant; or
If the letter is returned showing that it cannot be delivered, posting a copy of the notice in a conspicuous place in or about the cited premises.
The Inspection Officer shall certify to the correction of the violation cited in the notice. Such certification at a minimum shall consist of the Inspection Officer's signature and the date on which the certification is made.
Each day that a violation remains uncorrected after the period stated for correction in the notice of violation shall constitute a separate offense.
All infractions of this chapter shall be deemed a summary offense and shall be punishable as follows:
[Amended 12-8-1988 by Ord. No. 465]
Any person, firm or corporation who shall violate any provision of this chapter shall, upon conviction thereof, be sentenced to pay a fine of not more than $1,000, together with the costs of prosecution, and, in default of payment of such fine and costs, shall be subject to imprisonment for a term not to exceed 30 days. Every day that a violation of this chapter continues shall constitute a separate offense.
Fines shall be imposed at the discretion of the Magisterial District Judge within the parameters established by Subsection B.
In cases of extended noncompliance or in cases of a clear and present danger to the health, safety, or general welfare of the citizenry, the governing body of the Township of Upper Chichester shall be empowered to exercise any of the following actions, subject to adequate notice to the owner of the property:
Order the Inspection Officer to cause the immediate vacancy of the cited premises by any and all individuals. The Inspection Officer shall post in plain view a notice stating "Unfit for Human Occupancy" and requiring the vacancy of said premises until the violation is corrected;
Order the correction of the violation by employees or agents of the Township of Upper Chichester;
Engage a qualified contractor to correct the violation; or
Authorize the condemnation and demolition of the cited premises.
Reimbursement for municipal costs incurred in the correction of violations or in demolition shall be recouped from the owner and/or occupant in any of the following ways:
General requirements for all property owners.
The interior and exterior of all premises shall be maintained in a clean and sanitary condition which shall prevent vector harborage;
During construction activities, preventive measures shall be taken which shall preclude vector harborage;
If vector-proofing materials are removed from a structure during structural renovations, these materials shall be comparably replaced; and
Upon receipt of a notice of violation, proper techniques of vector proofing and/or extermination must be taken by the owner to correct the identified violation. If continued reapplication is necessary to correct the problem, the owner shall continue the extermination techniques as determined by the Inspection Officer.
General requirements of occupants and lessees.
Every occupant of a dwelling unit or a rooming unit and every lessee of space of a commercial, office or industrial premises shall be responsible to maintain said unit or space in a clean and sanitary condition which shall prevent vector harborage;
Every occupant and lessee shall dispose of all garbage and rubbish in a safe, clean and sanitary manner. Garbage must be temporarily stored prior to its collection for ultimate disposal in a tightly sealed, metal or heavy plastic container designed specifically for this purpose. Garbage may not be stored in plastic garbage bags unless they are placed in an acceptable container as described above. Rubbish must be temporarily stored in a closed container;
An occupant or lessee shall be held responsible for the extermination of vectors rather than the property owner when the unit or space occupied by the occupant or lessee is the only one in which infestation is detected on a multiple occupancy premises. However, where infestation is found to be a direct result of owner neglect, the owner shall be held responsible for extermination; and
Upon receipt of a notice of violation, proper steps must be taken by the occupant or lessee to correct the identified violation. If continued reapplication is necessary to correct the problem, the occupant or lessee shall continue the extermination techniques as determined by the Inspection Officer.
All openings, including any openings for utility lines, must be protected by vectorproof material, such as screening;
The walls, flooring, porches, and basements of any structure must be vectorproofed; and
Every plumbing and waste pipe shall be properly maintained in good sanitary condition in order to prevent a point of vector harborage on the premises.
Yard and grounds requirements.
The exterior spaces of all premises shall be kept free of all accumulated garbage, rubbish, and junk;
Firewood stacks shall be raised at least 12 inches above ground level;
Any exterior spaces located in an urbanized area shall be kept free of standing pools of stagnated water that may serve as a vector harborage;
Any exterior space located in an urbanized area shall be kept free of high grass or weed growth that may serve as a vector harborage; and
No material, including firewood or building lumber, which may serve as a vector harborage, shall be stored or stacked directly against the exterior wall of any structure.
Requirements for animal shelters. An animal shelter for more than two animals must be properly and regularly sanitized and fumigated as necessary in order to prevent vector harborage. Feed materials must be stored within vector-proofed sealed containers or structures inaccessible to vectors.
In interpreting the language of this chapter, the singular shall be construed to include the plural, the masculine to include the feminine, and the present tense to include the past and future tense.