[HISTORY: Adopted by the Board of Trustees of the Village of Lancaster 9-10-1984 by L.L. No. 6-1984 (Ch. 129 of the 1976 Code). Amendments noted where applicable.]
Fire prevention — See Ch. 156.
It shall be the responsibility of every owner of an occupied dwelling unit situated in the Village of Lancaster to install and maintain smoke detector(s) in compliance with this chapter.
As used in this chapter, the following terms shall have the meanings indicated:
- SLEEPING AREA(S)
- The area or areas of the family living unit in which the bedrooms or sleeping rooms are located. Bedrooms or sleeping rooms separated by other use areas, such as kitchens or living rooms (but not bathrooms), shall be considered as "sleeping areas" for purposes of this standard.
Installation and location of smoke detectors. At least one smoke detector, as hereinafter approved, shall be installed for each sleeping area in every dwelling unit in the Village. Every smoke detector shall be installed and located as to avoid dead air space and shall be placed on or near the ceiling, as per standards as recommended by the National Fire Protection Association (NFPA).
Maintenance of smoke detectors. The owner of every occupied dwelling unit in the Village shall be required to maintain all smoke detectors required by this article in proper working condition.
Types of smoke detectors required. Every smoke detector required to be installed and maintained pursuant to this article shall be of a type approved by Underwriters Laboratory (UL) or Factory Mutual. The smoke detector must be capable of detecting visible or invisible particles of combustion relating to a fire. Upon the presence of such particles, the smoke detector must be capable of automatically activating a suitable alarm which is audible in adjoining sleeping areas with the intervening doors closed. The smoke detector must also provide a visible indication that the alarm is energized and shall be reasonably free from false alarms.
National Fire Protection Association standards applicable. Standards for the installation, operation, etc. of smoke detectors, as recommended by the National Fire Protection Association, shall be applicable under this chapter.
New one- and two-family dwellings. Smoke detectors shall be installed and maintained as provided in the New York State Uniform Fire Prevention and Building Code.
Existing one- and two-family dwellings.
In addition to the requirements of § 272-3A of this chapter, at least one smoke detector shall be installed in every existing one- and two-family dwelling at the head of each stairway leading to an occupied area in such a manner as to assure that rising smoke is not obstructed in reaching the detector and that the detector intercepts rising smoke before it reaches the sleeping area.
Smoke detectors installed in one- and two-family dwellings may be wired directly to the power supply or operated by a self-monitored battery or connected to a plug-in outlet. However, in no event may any smoke detector required by this subsection be controlled by any switch other than the main power supply, and any plug-in outlet must be fitted with a plug retainer device.
New multiple dwellings. Smoke detectors shall be installed and maintained as provided in the New York State Uniform Fire Prevention and Building Code.
Existing multiple dwellings.
At least one smoke detector shall be installed in every dwelling unit in existing multiple dwellings in the Village. In addition, a smoke detector system acceptable under National Fire Protection Association standards shall be installed in all public halls and stairways in every existing multiple dwelling.
Smoke detectors required pursuant to this subsection may be wired directly to the power supply or operated by a self-monitored battery or connected to a plug-in outlet. However, in no event may any smoke detector required by this subsection be controlled by any switch other than the main power supply, and any plug-in must be fitted with a plug retainer device. All smoke detector systems required pursuant to this subsection shall be connected to an alarm which is clearly audible throughout the building and shall be installed in a manner acceptable under National Fire Protection Association standards.
If a battery-operated smoke detector is installed in an existing multiple dwelling, then either the owner, manager or agent thereof shall be required to maintain a record showing that he has, at least once every three months, checked the battery condition of all smoke detectors installed in such multiple dwellings to ensure that they are in proper working order. These records shall be open to inspection by the Village Safety Officer.
No Village tax certificate shall be issued by the Village of Lancaster unless the owner of the real property certifies that smoke detectors have been installed in said real property in accordance with this chapter.
This chapter shall become effective and shall be enforced as of the first day of January 1985.