Town of Greenville, WI
Outagamie County
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Table of Contents
Table of Contents
[Amended 3-25-2019 by Ord. No. 02-19]
The purpose of this article is to enhance the appearance of the Town by improving the quality of landscaping, buffering and screening at commercial and industrial properties. Criteria and standards are provided to ensure that building sites and off-street parking areas are sufficiently landscaped to protect and preserve the appearance, character and value of surrounding properties and public right-of-way, thereby promoting the general welfare, safety and aesthetic quality of the Town of Greenville.
A. 
The provisions of this article shall apply to developments allowed as a permitted use, requiring site plan approval or a special use in the NC, GC, CP, BP, IND, AD (where permitted by the Federal Aviation Administration), R3 and any developments allowed as a special exception that are considered a commercial/industrial/business use in the AED, AGD, R1, and R2 districts.
B. 
Any development occurring on vacant land shall be in full compliance with the provisions of this article.
C. 
Existing occupied developments that do not conform to the provisions of this article may be continued until such time that any of the following occur. Flexibility on relief shall be allowed on a case-by-case basis, as approved by the Planning Commission, as the standards set in this article may not be able to be applied due to existing conditions. It is the intent to meet the standards in this article where practical. Landscaping shall be required whenever a site plan is required by Chapter 320.
Landscape plans submitted for review shall be drawn to an appropriate scale and shall include at a minimum the following information:
A. 
The name and address of owner/developer, and name of the landscape architect/designer.
B. 
Date of plan preparation, date and description of all plan revisions, name of project or development, scale of plan, and north marker.
C. 
The location of all lot lines, locations of all existing and proposed easements and rights-of-way, and elevation, topography, and cross-section details as determined necessary by the Planning Commission.
D. 
The location of all existing and proposed structures, parking and loading areas, parking spaces (numbered), driveways, sidewalks, ground signs, refuse disposal areas, fences, freestanding electrical and other utility equipment, and other site improvement features as determined necessary by the Planning Commission.
E. 
The location and contours, at one-foot intervals, of all proposed berms.
F. 
The location, caliper size, and species (common and botanical name) of all existing plant material on the site and designation of intended treatment.
G. 
The location, caliper size at planting and species (common and botanical name) of all proposed plant materials, and location and description of all ground cover and turf grasses.
H. 
A schedule of all new plants proposed for planting, and those existing plants that will be saved, including size (caliper, height, container size, etc.), condition (bare-root, balled-and-burlapped, container-grown, or preexisting), planned installation date, and common and botanical names (genus, species, and variety).
I. 
A schedule itemizing the total square foot area of all greenspace proposed on the lot, the total square foot area of off-street parking, the number of off-street parking spaces, the number and square foot area of each interior island and peninsula.
Landscaping required under this article shall be of the following types as specified below: lot line and street tree landscaping, foundation plantings, curbed planting islands or peninsulas, buffer yard landscaping, and screening requirements:
A. 
Lot line and street tree landscaping. A minimum twenty-foot front strip extending along the lot adjacent to all road right-of-way plus a minimum ten-foot strip along all other lot lines shall be landscaped as described below.
(1) 
Lot line landscape strips shall be planted with a minimum of one shade tree at fifty-foot centers (shade trees shall be defined as any tree with a mature height of 30 feet or greater), excluding driveway openings and vision triangles.
(a) 
Street trees. In addition to lot line landscaping, street trees shall be planted within the right-of-way along curbed public and private streets, including parking lot connections, circulation drives and loading areas, and shall be located six to seven feet behind the curb (except as determined unfeasible by the Planning Commission or if prohibited by County or State Departments of Transportation).
(2) 
Where it is deemed appropriate or desirable to construct a berm in the lot line landscape strip in order to restrict view and/or to absorb noise, the Planning Commission may require this option for a landscape plan. The slope of the berm shall be minimally planted with variety of conifer species spaced 20 feet on center.
B. 
Foundation plantings. Landscaping is required for all building foundations in order to provide visual breaks in the mass of the building.
(1) 
Such foundation landscaping shall be placed along 30% of the buildings total perimeter, predominately near and along customer facades and entrances facing public streets.
(2) 
One ornamental tree (ornamental shall be defined as any tree having a mature height less than 30 feet) and a variety of five shrubs/annuals/perennials/ground cover or a combination of shall be planted for every 25 linear feet of building foundation planter area.
C. 
Curbed planting islands or peninsulas shall be provided in off-street parking areas as described below.
(1) 
Parking spaces must be separated by a planting island or peninsula at the rate of one island/peninsula for each row of 12 consecutive parking spaces for single row configurations, or for each 24 consecutive parking spaces in double-row configurations.
(2) 
Each island or peninsula shall be at least 360 square feet in area for single-row configurations, and 720 square feet in area for double-row configurations.
(3) 
One shade tree shall be planted in each island or peninsula.
(4) 
Islands and peninsulas shall be placed at the ends of parking rows or along designated pedestrian circulation areas.
(5) 
Alternatives.
(a) 
Planted boulevards within interior off-street parking areas may be considered as an alternative to islands and peninsulas.
(b) 
Parking spaces along the perimeter of the off-street parking areas may plant the required tree on the backside of the parking space every 12 spaces instead of installing an island or peninsula.
D. 
Buffer yard landscaping. Any commercial or industrial use that is adjacent to a residential use or zoning district shall provide a landscaped buffer yard along the full length of the affected side to afford protection to the residential uses from the glare of lights, from visual encroachment, and from the transmission of noise. Required buffer yards shall be landscaped as described below. Combinations of trees, shrubs, berms and fences shall create screening which is at least 50% impervious at planting to sight.
(1) 
Buffer yards required for commercial shall be a minimum 10 feet wide and shall be planted with a variety of conifer species spaced 20 feet on center and a minimum of one shade tree at fifty-foot centers (shade trees shall be defined as any tree with a mature height of 30 feet or greater).
(2) 
Buffer yards required for industrial developments shall be a minimum 25 feet wide and shall be planted with a double row of a variety of conifer species spaced 20 feet on center and a minimum of one shade tree at fifty-foot centers (shade trees shall be defined as any tree with a mature height of 30 feet or greater).
(3) 
As an alternative to these buffer yard landscaping requirements, a six-foot-high sight-tight fence may be constructed near the lot line, except chainlink fences with or without privacy slats shall be prohibited, with the remainder of the required buffer yard planted with a minimum of one shade tree at fifty-foot centers (shade trees shall be defined as any tree with a mature height of 30 feet or greater).
(4) 
The required buffer yard shall be a greenspace where no portion of a building, parking, driving, loading, or storage area may be located.
E. 
Screening requirements. The intent of these requirements is to provide a visual screen around service, equipment, storage, and trash collection areas contained within commercial and industrial properties. At the time of installation or planting, screening materials of a variety of conifer plantings must be at least 50% impervious at planting to sight, and be sufficiently high and long to accomplish the desired blockage of view year round. These plantings shall be located adjacent to the area being screened.
(1) 
As an alternative to the landscaping requirements, a six-foot-high sight-tight fence may be constructed near the lot line (chain link fences with or without privacy slats shall be prohibited), with the remainder of the required strip planted with a minimum of one shade tree at fifty-foot centers (shade trees shall be defined as any tree with a mature height of 30 feet or greater). The required strip shall be a greenspace where no portion of a building, parking, driving, loading, or storage area may be located.
(2) 
Trash collection areas. All exterior storage in refuse disposal areas, trash collection dumpsters, and trash pads on commercial and industrial properties shall be located and oriented to be as inconspicuous as possible. They shall be screened from view to all adjacent properties, all adjacent road rights-of-way, and if located within commercial developments, from view to on-site entrance drives and parking areas. Screening materials may consist of the following:
(a) 
A six-foot-high sight-tight fence or wall; chain link fences with or without privacy slats shall be prohibited; or
(b) 
An evergreen screen (height, spacing, and variety to be determined and approved by the Planning Commission).
Plant materials provided in conformance with the requirements of this article shall be equal to or better in quality than the standards of the American Association of Nurserymen. The minimum sizes of plant materials that shall satisfy the requirements of this article are as follows:
A. 
Shade tree: 2 1/2-inch caliper.
B. 
Ornamental tree: 1 1/2-inch caliper.
C. 
Evergreen tree: five feet height.
D. 
Shrub: 18 inches to 24 inches height or spread.
A. 
To meet unique site design conditions or to overcome obstructions, conflicts, or other factors, the Planning Commission may approve planting substitutions as described below.
(1) 
Two ornamental trees may be substituted in place of one shade tree.
(2) 
Two evergreen trees may be substituted in place of one shade tree.
(3) 
One evergreen tree may be substituted in place of five shrubs.
(4) 
One shade tree may be substituted in place of 10 shrubs.
B. 
While plant materials should generally be distributed proportionately on the lot in accordance with the standards of this article, the Planning Commission can require alterations and variations in the planting pattern, on a case-by-case basis, to maximize the effectiveness of the installed landscaping.
C. 
Flexibility on relief may be provided in meeting the landscape standards as approved by the Planning Commission in cases where quantity and location of planting material would be difficult to install due to site/environmental or life/safety reasons or unique land uses being proposed for development. In these cases required plant material should be relocated elsewhere on the site if possible.
All improvements required under this article shall be completed/installed prior to occupancy of the building or completion of the project if no building is constructed, unless occupancy/completion occurs during a non-planting season such as winter, in which case improvements shall be completed during the next planting season but no later than July 1. Completion/installation of required improvements may be deferred based on a schedule approved by the Planning Commission. Within 30 days of the installation of plant materials, the owner/developer shall request an inspection of the improvements to verify compliance with the approved plan.
The owner of the lot on which landscaping has been provided shall be responsible for protecting and maintaining all plant materials and landscape areas in a healthy and growing condition and shall be responsible for keeping them free from refuse, debris, and weeds. Failure to maintain or replace dead or diseased plant materials during the next appropriate planting period shall constitute a violation of the provisions of the Zoning Code.
Owners of lots within an Airport Overlay Zone should be aware of height restrictions set by Outagamie County.