Cross Reference — Clinging to vehicle, §340.060.
As used in this Chapter, the following terms shall mean:
- Every vehicle propelled solely by human power upon which any person may ride, having two (2) tandem wheels, or two (2) parallel wheels and one (1) or two (2) forward or rear wheels, all of which are more than fourteen (14) inches in diameter, except scooters and similar devices.
- MOTORIZED BICYCLE
- Any two- or three-wheeled device having an automatic transmission and a motor with a cylinder capacity of not more than fifty (50) cubic centimeters, which produces less than three (3) gross brake horsepower, and is capable of propelling the device at a maximum speed of not more than thirty (30) miles per hour on level ground. A motorized bicycle shall be considered a motor vehicle for purposes of any homeowners' or renters' insurance policy.
Every bicycle and motorized bicycle shall be equipped with a brake or brakes which will enable its driver to stop the bicycle or motorized bicycle within twenty-five (25) feet from a speed of ten (10) miles per hour on dry, level, clean pavement.
Every bicycle and motorized bicycle when in use on a street or highway during the period from one-half (½) hour after sunset to one-half (½) hour before sunrise shall be equipped with the following:
A front-facing lamp on the front or carried by the rider which shall emit a white light visible at night under normal atmospheric conditions on a straight, level, unlighted roadway at five hundred (500) feet;
A rear-facing red reflector, at least two (2) square inches in reflective surface area, or a rear-facing red lamp on the rear which shall be visible at night under normal atmospheric conditions on a straight, level, unlighted roadway when viewed by a vehicle driver under the lower beams of vehicle headlights at six hundred (600) feet;
Reflective material and/or lights on any part of the bicyclist's pedals, crank arms, shoes or lower leg visible from the front and the rear at night under normal atmospheric conditions on a straight, level, unlighted roadway when viewed by a vehicle driver under the lawful lower beams of vehicle headlights at two hundred (200) feet; and
Reflective material and/or lights visible on each side of the bicycle or bicyclist and visible at night under normal atmospheric conditions on a straight, level, unlighted roadway when viewed by a vehicle driver under the lawful lower beams of vehicle headlights at three hundred (300) feet. The provisions of this Subsection shall not apply to motorized bicycles which comply with National Highway Traffic and Safety Administration regulations relating to reflectors on motorized bicycles.
Every person riding a bicycle or motorized bicycle upon a street or highway shall be granted all of the rights and shall be subject to all of the duties applicable to the driver of a vehicle as provided by Chapter 304, RSMo., and this Title, except as to special regulations in this Chapter, and except as to those provisions of Chapter 304, RSMo., and this Title, which by their nature can have no application.
Every person operating a bicycle or motorized bicycle at less than the posted speed or slower than the flow of traffic upon a street or highway shall ride as near to the right side of the roadway as safe, exercising due care when passing a standing vehicle or one proceeding in the same direction, except when making a left turn, when avoiding hazardous conditions, when the lane is too narrow to share with another vehicle, or when on a one-way street. Bicyclists may ride abreast when not impeding other vehicles.
A person operating a bicycle at less than the posted speed or slower than the flow of traffic upon a street or highway may operate as described in Section 365.050 of this Chapter, or may operate on the shoulder adjacent to the roadway.
A bicycle operated on a roadway, or the shoulder adjacent to a roadway, shall be operated in the same direction as vehicles are required to be driven upon the roadway.
The operator of a bicycle shall signal as required in Section 325.020 of this Title, except that a signal by the hand and arm need not be given continuously if the hand is needed to control or operate the bicycle. An operator of a bicycle intending to turn the bicycle to the right shall signal as indicated in Section 325.020 of this Title, or by extending such operator's right arm in a horizontal position so that the same may be seen in front and in rear of the vehicle.
Any person seventeen (17) years of age or older who violates any provision of this Chapter is guilty of an ordinance violation and, upon conviction thereof, shall be punished by a fine of not less than five dollars ($5.00) nor more than twenty-five dollars ($25.00). If any person under seventeen (17) years of age violates any provision of this Chapter in the presence of a Police Officer, said officer may impound the bicycle or motorized bicycle involved for a period not to exceed five (5) days upon issuance of a receipt to the child riding it or to its owner.
No person shall operate a motorized bicycle on any highways, streets or roads in this City unless the person has a valid license to operate a motor vehicle.
No motorized bicycle may be operated on any public thoroughfare located within this City which has been designated as part of the Federal interstate highway system.
No person shall operate a motorized bicycle on any highways, streets or roads in this City unless it is equipped in accordance with the minimum requirements for construction and equipment of MOPEDS, Regulation VESC-17, approved July, 1977, as promulgated by the Vehicle Equipment Safety Commission.
[Ord. No. 5862 §1, 1-25-2005]
The regulations in this Section apply to persons operating or riding upon bicycles, scooters, in-line skates, roller skates or skateboards when such devices are operated upon any highway, roadway, alleyway, sidewalk or upon any path available for the use of such devices.
For purposes of this Section, a "scooter" shall be defined as a device that typically has one (1) front and one (1) rear wheel with a low footboard between, is steered by a handlebar, and is propelled either by pushing one (1) foot against the ground while resting the other foot on the footboard or by a motor. A scooter may have more than two (2) wheels.
For purposes of this Section, the term "helmet" means a piece of headgear which meets or exceeds the impact standard for protective bicycle helmets set by the U.S. Consumer Products Safety Commission Federal safety standards, those developed by the American National Standards Institute (ANSI), the Snell Memorial Foundation or the American Society of Testing and Materials (ASTM).
Every person under the age of seventeen (17) years operating or being a passenger on a bicycle or using a scooter, in-line skates, roller skates or a skateboard shall wear a bicycle helmet of good fit, fastened securely upon the head with the straps of the helmet.
No person operating a bicycle shall allow anyone under the age of seventeen (17) years to ride as a passenger unless the passenger is wearing a bicycle helmet; or else is in an enclosed trailer or other device which meets or exceeds current nationally recognized standards of design and manufacture for the protection of the passenger's head from impacts in an accident without the need for a helmet.
No parent, custodian or legal guardian of a person under the age of seventeen (17) years shall knowingly permit said person to operate or be a passenger on a bicycle or to use a scooter, in-line skates, roller skates and skateboards without wearing a bicycle helmet.
No person operating a bicycle shall allow anyone who is either four (4) years old or younger or weighing forty (40) pounds or less to ride as a passenger on the bicycle other than in a seat which shall adequately retain the passenger in place and protect the passenger from the bicycle's moving parts.
Any operator of or passenger on equipment described in this Section found to be in violation of this Section may be issued an equipment violation notice as prescribed on a Missouri Uniform Complaint and Summons. The person responsible for payment of the violation may have the violation dismissed, if the person submits a receipt for a proof of purchase of a bicycle helmet along with the helmet to the Clayton Police Department within five (5) calendar days of the date of the violation notice.
Fines assessed to juvenile violators (under the age of seventeen (17) years) will be the legal responsibility of the violator's parent, custodian or legal guardian; and therefore any summons issued as a result of a violation committed by such a juvenile shall be issued to said violator's parent, custodian or legal guardian.
This Section shall not apply to bicycles, scooters, in-line skates, roller skates or skateboards operated on private residential property.