City of Kearney, MO
Clay County
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Table of Contents
Table of Contents
[Ord. No. 1101-2008 §§1 — 2, 10-20-2008]
The purpose of this Article is to ensure that all existing and future land uses are accompanied by a sufficient amount of off-street parking and loading areas to allow for easy access, convenience and free flow of traffic. In the enforcement of this Article, it is understood that a balance shall be sought between meeting these objectives and not requiring an amount of parking in excess of that realistically necessary for the associated use.
[Ord. No. 1101-2008 §§1 — 2, 10-20-2008]
A. 
No land shall be used and no building shall be erected, enlarged or used in any district in the City, except as provided here, unless off-street parking and loading facilities are provided in accordance with the requirements of this Article.
B. 
Structures and land uses in existence or for which building permits have been issued at the date of adoption of this Unified Development Code shall not be subject to the requirements of this Article so long as the kind or extent of use is not changed.
C. 
Whenever there is an alteration of a structure, addition to a structure or a change or extension of use which increases the parking requirements by twenty-five percent (25%) or more according to the standards of this Article, whether such increases occur at one time or in successive stages, the total parking required for the entire structure or use shall be provided in accordance with the requirements of this Article.
D. 
The parking of any vehicle shall not occur on lawn areas, unpaved public rights-of-way or other unpaved locations in District "R-R", "R-1", "R-2", "R-3" and "R-4". Parking shall be limited to areas that are hard-surfaced and shall generally be located in close relationship to the garage or otherwise vehicle orientated portion of the premises so that the lawn area may be maintained in grass, trees and shrubs. Parking of trucks, in excess of one (1) ton or more, or buses in any zoning area with an "R" (residential) designation is prohibited; provided that said vehicles may be parked in conjunction with deliveries, trucks may be parked in an enclosed garage, construction trucks may be parked when construction work is actually in progress in connection with the premises, and trucks may be parked on the premises in connection with any emergency.
[Ord. No. 1101-2008 §§1 — 2, 10-20-2008]
A. 
Compact To Standard Stall Ratio. The maximum ratio of compact stalls to standard stall in any parking area shall not exceed 1:3. Compact stall dimensions shall be minimum eight (8) feet by fifteen (15) feet.
B. 
Grading. Driveways and parking spaces shall be smoothly graded, adequately drained and constructed with suitable subgrade base.
C. 
Drainage. All off-street parking, loading areas and access drives shall be planned, engineered and constructed to ensure proper drainage of surface water.
D. 
Surface Materials. All off-street parking, loading areas and access drives shall have a durable and dust-free surface paved with asphaltic or concrete pavement. All parking facilities shall be constructed with paving in accordance with City standards.
E. 
Curbing. All off-street driving, loading and parking areas shall be constructed with poured-in-place concrete curb except for single- and two-family dwellings.
F. 
Striping. All parking stalls shall be striped substantially. An exception is given for a private garage or parking area for the exclusive use by a single-family or two-family dwelling.
G. 
Lighting Illumination Requirements. See Article XXIV, Site Development Standards, Section 405.695, Outdoor Lighting Standards.
H. 
Landscaping. See Article XXVI, Landscaping Regulations, Section 405.760(D), Parking Lot.
I. 
Cross Access Encouraged. Applicants for commercial and industrial developments should be encouraged to provide cross access to adjacent non-residential properties for convenience, safety and efficient circulation of motor vehicles.
J. 
Stacking Spaces For Drive-Through Facilities.
1. 
A stacking space shall be an area measuring eight (8) feet by twenty (20) feet with direct forward access to a service window of a drive-through facility. A stacking space shall be located to prevent any vehicles from extending onto the public right-of-way or interfering with any pedestrian circulation, traffic maneuvering or other parking space areas. Stacking spaces for drive-through or drive-in uses may not be counted as required parking spaces.
2. 
Uses providing drive-up or drive-through services shall provide vehicle stacking spaces as follows:
a. 
For each drive-up window of a bank or financial institution, business service or other drive-through not listed, a minimum of five (5) stacking spaces shall be provided.
b. 
For each service window of a drive-through restaurant or fast-food restaurant, a minimum of seven (7) stacking spaces shall be provided.
[Ord. No. 1101-2008 §§1 — 2, 10-20-2008]
A. 
Parking space sizes and aisle widths shall comply with the requirements of Table 12, unless modifications are recommended in accordance with the required site plan review under Article IV.
TABLE 12
MINIMUM PARKING SPACE DIMENSIONS
Parking Lot Aisle Width
Parking Space Angle
Minimum Parking Space Width
Minimum Parking Space Length
One-Way
Two-Way
90°
9 feet
20 feet
24 feet
24 feet
60°
9 feet
20 feet
19 feet
20 feet
45°
9 feet
20 feet
14 feet
20 feet
8 feet
22 feet
B. 
Parking spaces shall be oriented such that any vehicle exiting a parking space is not required to back onto any public street. Wheel or bumper blocks shall be provided, located and arranged so that no part of any parked vehicle extends beyond the boundaries of the parking area and to ensure that the vehicle overhang does not obstruct sidewalks or other walking areas.
[Ord. No. 1101-2008 §§1 — 2, 10-20-2008]
A. 
A portion of the required off-street parking spaces shall be specifically designated, located and reserved for use by persons with physical disabilities in accordance with the Americans with Disabilities Act Accessibility Guidelines for Buildings and Facilities.
Table 13
MINIMUM REQUIRED ADA PARKING SPACES
Total Spaces in Parking Lot
Required Accessible Spaces
1 to 25
1
26 to 50
2
51 to 75
3
76 to 100
4
101 to 150
5
151 to 200
6
201 to 300
7
301 to 400
8
401 to 500
9
501 to 1,000
2% of total
[Ord. No. 1101-2008 §§1 — 2, 10-20-2008]
A. 
Storage Of Inoperable Or Unlicensed Vehicles. See Chapter 215, Nuisances, Article IV, Leaving Disabled or Damaged Motor Vehicle or Junk on Street or Private Property.
B. 
Location Of Parking Facilities. All parking spaces required to serve structures or uses shall be located on the same zoning lot as the structure or use served unless a conditional use permit is obtained under Article IV.
C. 
Maintenance Of Parking Facilities. Parking facilities shall be kept clean, plowed and free from rubbish, debris and snow. All plant materials shall be maintained in a healthy condition and whenever necessary shall be replaced with new plant materials to ensure continued compliance with any applicable screening requirements. All surfaces, lighting, fences, barriers and walls shall be maintained in good repair and whenever necessary shall be replaced.
[Ord. No. 1101-2008 §§1 — 2, 10-20-2008]
A. 
When a determination of the number of off-street parking spaces results in a requirement of a fractional space, the fraction of one-half (½) or less may be disregarded and a fraction in excess of one-half (½) shall be counted as one (1) parking space.
TABLE 14
SUMMARY OF PARKING REQUIREMENTS
Residential Uses
Single-family residence
Four (4) parking spaces per dwelling unit
Direct street access shall be provided for not less than two (2) spaces
Two-family residence
Three (3) parking spaces per dwelling unit
Each dwelling unit shall have two (2) garage parking spaces
Multi-family residence
Two (2) off-street parking spaces shall be provided for each apartment dwelling unit, condominium dwelling houses and townhomes or attached row houses
Civic Uses
Assembly halls and auditoriums
One (1) parking space per three (3) seats or one (1) parking space for each one hundred (100) square feet of usable floor area if no fixed seating exists
Churches, temples, theaters, athletic fields and other seating facilities
One (1) parking space per four (4) seats
Community center, dance or music studios, personal services establishments and retail shops
One (1) parking space for each two hundred (200) square feet of floor area plus one (1) for each four hundred (400) square feet of floor area in excess of two thousand (2,000) square feet
Elementary and junior high schools
One (1) space for each faculty and staff person plus for places of assembly
Libraries
One (1) parking space per two (2) employees plus one (1) parking space per five hundred (500) square feet of service floor area
Secondary and post-secondary schools
One (1) parking space for every four (4) persons based on the maximum design capacity for pupils, faculty and staff plus for places of assembly
Commercial
Apartment hotels, boarding houses, hotels and motels
One (1) parking space per two (2) employees plus one (1) parking space per guest room or residence unit plus one (1) space for each ten (10) guest units
Restaurant and/or assembly space shall be separately calculated
Automobile car wash
One (1) holding space for each car washing stall plus one (1) drying space for each car washing stall
Automobile service stations and repair garages
One (1) parking space for each employee plus two (2) spaces for each service bay plus one (1) for each five hundred (500) square feet of floor area
Barber and beauty shops
Two (2) parking spaces for each operator
Bowling alleys
Five (5) parking spaces for each lane
Cartage, express, parcel delivery and freight terminal establishments
One (1) parking space for each two (2) employees plus one (1) parking space for each vehicle maintained on the premises
Child care centers and preschools
One (1) parking space for each employee plus one (1) for each bed
Financial institutions
One (1) space for each two hundred (200) square feet of gross floor area
Golf courses, miniature golf courses, driving ranges
Two (2) per hole or driving range position
Hospitals, sanitariums or homes for convalescent or aged
One (1) parking space per three (3) beds plus one (1) parking space per staff and visiting doctor
Laundromats or dry cleaning shop
One (1) parking space for each washing machine
Medical and dental clinics or offices
One (1) parking space for each two hundred (200) square feet of floor plan
Mortuaries and funeral homes
One (1) parking space per two (2) employees plus one (1) parking space per three (3) seats
Outdoor and indoor sales
One (1) parking space for each one thousand (1,000) square feet of open sales lot area plus one (1) parking space for each four hundred (400) square feet of indoor sales area plus one (1) parking space for each service bay and employee
Restaurants and cafeterias including drive-in establishments
One (1) parking space per one hundred (100) square feet of floor area
Swimming pools and clubs
One (1) parking space for each thirty-eight (38) square feet of water area
Taverns or clubs including those serving alcoholic or cereal malt beverages
One (1) parking space per employee plus one (1) parking space per one hundred (100) square feet of floor area
Retail business
One (1) off-street parking space shall be provided for each two hundred (200) square feet
Office
One (1) off-street parking space shall be provided for each two hundred (200) square feet
Industrial Uses
Industrial establishment
One (1) parking space for each employee, based on estimated maximum daily or maximum eight (8) hour shift requirements in a twenty-four (24) hour period
Restaurant and/or assembly space shall be separately calculated
Manufacturing or industrial establishment
Two (2) off-street parking spaces for each one thousand (1,000) square feet of floor area, plus any additional space to be determined by the Planning and Zoning Commission for storage of trucks or other vehicles used in connection with such industry
Administrative offices associated with another permitted industrial use
Two and one-half (2½) off-street parking spaces for each one thousand (1,000) square feet of floor area
Offices, office/warehouses and laboratories
Four (4) off-street parking spaces for each one thousand (1,000) square feet of floor area
B. 
Each structure used for manufacturing or industrial purposes shall provide two (2) off-street parking spaces for each one thousand (1,000) square feet of floor area, plus an additional space to be determined by the Planning and Zoning Commission for storage of trucks or other vehicles used in connection with such industry.
C. 
Administrative offices associated with another permitted use shall provide two and one-half (2½) off-street parking spaces for each one thousand (1,000) square feet of floor area.
D. 
Offices, office/warehouses and laboratories shall provide four (4) off-street parking spaces for each one thousand (1,000) square feet of floor area.
E. 
Any use not included in the parking requirements of this Section shall be determined by the Planning and Zoning Commission.
[Ord. No. 1101-2008 §§1 — 2, 10-20-2008]
A. 
For every building, structure or part thereof intended or used for manufacturing, warehousing, retailing, wholesaling or other uses involving receipt or distribution of vehicles, materials, supplies or merchandise, there shall be provided and maintained on the lot adequate space for standing, loading and unloading services.
B. 
Such loading and unloading space shall be an area at least fourteen (14) feet by fifty (50) feet with eighteen (18) foot height clearance and shall be provided according to the following table:
TABLE 15
MINIMUM REQUIREMENTS FOR LOADING SPACES
Kind of Class or Use
Number of Loading Spaces Required
Number of square feet of gross floor area (except floor area below the ground story) in buildings used for retail and wholesale manufacturing and storage, etc.
3,000 to 24,999 (incl.)
1
25,000 to 84,999
2
85,000 to 154,999
3
155,000 to 234,999
4
235,000 to 324,999
5
325,000 to 424,999
6
425,000 to 534,999
7
535,000 to 634,999
8
635,000 to 774,999
9
775,000 to 924,999
10
Number of square feet of gross floor area (except floor area below the ground story) in office buildings, hotels, hospitals and institutions
3,000 to 99,999
1
100,000 to 334,999
2
335,000 to 624,999
3
625,000 to 944,999
4
945,000 to 1,299,999
5
1,300,000 to 1,695,000
6