[CC 1995 §400.010; Ord. No. 106 Art. II, 10-24-1968; Ord. No. 438 §6, 1-11-2010; Ord. No. 448 §4, 12-13-2010; Ord. No. 459 §1, 6-13-2011]
For the purpose of this Title, certain terms and words are hereby defined. Words used in the present tense shall include the future; the singular number shall include the plural and the plural the singular; the word "building" shall include the word "structure"; the word "shall" is mandatory and not directory.
- ACCESSORY STRUCTURE
- An ancillary building or structure, the use of which is incidental to and customary in connection with the principal building or use and which is located on the same lot with such principal building. An accessory structure must be operated and maintained under the same ownership and use as the principal use or structure and must be a permitted use in the zoning classification in which they are located. An accessory structure must be subordinate in height, area, and purpose to the main structure or use. For the purpose of this Subsection, "area" shall be defined as lot coverage. The accessory structure may not be erected prior to the principal use or structure, nor located in a required front yard.
- ACCESSORY USE
- A subordinate use which is incidental to and customary in connection with the principal building or use and which is located on the same lot with such principal building or use.
- A story partly or wholly underground. A basement shall be counted as a story for the purposes of height measurement where more than one-half (½) of its height is above the average level of the adjoining ground.
- BUILDABLE AREA
- The area of a lot remaining after the minimum yard and area requirements of this Title have been met.
- Any structure having a roof supported by columns or walls for the housing or enclosure of persons, animals or chattels. Where dwellings are separated from each other by a division wall without openings, each portion of such dwelling shall be deemed a separate building. The word "building" includes the word "structure" and those structures on wheels or other supports used for business, storage or living purposes.
- BUILDING, HEIGHT OF
- The vertical distance measured from the adjoining curb level (measured at each point of the lot boundaries, divided by two (2)) to the highest point of the building or structure, which is the top of coping in the case of a flat roof, the deck line of a mansard roof, and the topmost ridge of a gable, hip or gambrel roof; provided however, that the Architectural Review Board may lower or increase the permitted building height if topographical conditions justify an adjustment.
- A story having more than one-half (½) of its height below grade. A cellar is not included in computing the number of stories for the purpose of height measurement.
- CITY PLANNER
- That person appointed by the Board of Alderpersons as the City's planner or such other person designated to perform the duties and responsibilities of the planner.
- The "Planning and Zoning Commission" of the City of Crystal Lake Park, Missouri.
- An open unoccupied space, other than a yard, on the same lot with a building and bounded on two (2) or more sides by such a building.
- A section or sections of the area of the City of Crystal Lake Park, St. Louis County, Missouri, for which the regulations governing the use of buildings and premises or in which the height and area of buildings are uniform.
- Any building, or portion thereof, which is designed or used exclusively for family residential purposes.
- DWELLING, SINGLE-FAMILY
- A building designed for or occupied exclusively by one (1) family.
- Up to two (2) individuals or a married couple and the children thereof and no more than two (2) other persons related directly to the individuals or married couple by blood or marriage, occupying a single housekeeping unit with single kitchen facilities, used on a non-profit basis. A "family" may include not more than one (1) additional person, not related to the family by blood or marriage, provided that such additional person may be provided with sleeping accommodations but not with kitchen facilities.
- FLOOR AREA
- The portion of a dwelling, excluding cellar, basement, garage or porches, used or designed to be used for the occupancy by individuals or family as a single housekeeping unit.
- All the property on one (1) side of a street between two (2) intersecting streets (crossing or terminating) measured along the line of the street, or if the street is dead-ended, then all of the property abutting on one (1) side between an intersecting street and the end of the dead-end street.
- GARAGE, PRIVATE
- A building capable of housing not more than three (3) motor-driven vehicles, the property of and for the use of the occupants of the lot on which the private garage is located, provided however, that said vehicles shall not include contractors' equipment, gasoline trucks and similar vehicles not ordinarily used incidental to domestic activities.
- 1. For buildings having walls adjoining one (1) street only, the elevation of the sidewalk at the centers of all walls adjoining the streets.
- 2. For buildings having walls adjoining more than one (1) street, the average level of the finished surface of the ground adjacent to the exterior walls of the building.
- 3. Any wall approximately parallel to and not more than five (5) feet from a street line is to be considered as adjoining the street.
- GROUP CARE HOME FOR MENTALLY RETARDED CHILDREN
- A facility which provides care, treatment or custody for four (4) to nine (9) mentally retarded children under the age of sixteen (16) years and affords the opportunity for utilization of community educational, recreational and health facilities and which is licensed as a group care home under Chapter 202, RSMo., 1969.
- GROUP HOME FOR FOSTER CARE
- Any private residence licensed by the Division of Family Services or Department of Mental Health to provide foster care to one (1) or more but less than seven (7) children who are unrelated to either foster parent by blood, marriage or adoption.
- GROUP HOME FOR MENTALLY or PHYSICALLY HANDICAPPED
- Any home in which eight (8) or fewer mentally or physically handicapped persons reside and may include two (2) additional persons acting as houseparents or guardians who need not be related to each other or to any of the mentally or physically handicapped persons residing in the home.
- Any place for the treatment or care of human ailments, including sanitarium, sanatorium, nursing, convalescent or rest home, or other such place of treatment or care, but not including clinics or institutions for contagious diseases, mental disorders, drug addiction, liquor addiction or insanity, or other types of the cases which would necessitate physical restraint.
- IN HOME BUSINESS
- An accessory use conducted in any residential dwelling which is clearly incidental and secondary to the use of the dwelling, and of which there is no indication from the exterior that the dwelling is being used for any purpose other than a dwelling, shall be considered an in home business.
- An automobile, truck or other motor vehicle which cannot operate under its own power and which will require major repairs before being made usable, or which does not comply with State, County or City laws or ordinances or licensing requirements.
- Any lot or premises on which three (3) or more dogs or three (3) or more cats, at least six (6) months of age, are kept.
- LIVING AREA
- The portion of a dwelling, excluding cellar, basement, garage or porches, used or designed to be used for the occupancy by individuals or family as a single housekeeping unit, which area is equipped with heating, lighting and sanitation facilities in conformity with all ordinances and Statutes of governmental entities regulating such items.
- A parcel of land occupied or intended for occupancy by a use permitted in this Title, including one (1) main building together with its accessory buildings, the open spaces and parking spaces required by this Title, having its principal frontage upon a street or upon an officially approved place.
- LOT, CORNER
- A lot abutting upon two (2) or more streets at their intersection.
- LOT, DEPTH OF
- The mean horizontal distance between the front and rear lot lines.
- LOT, DOUBLE FRONTAGE
- A lot having a frontage on two (2) non-intersecting streets; as distinguished from a corner lot.
- LOT LINES
- The lines bounding a lot as defined herein.
- MAJOR HIGHWAY
- Any highway designated a major highway on the official major highway plan adopted by the St. Louis County Planning Commission and any highway so designated by the Board of Aldermen of the City of Crystal Lake Park.
- NON-CONFORMING USE
- Any building or land lawfully occupied by a use at the time of passage of this Chapter (October 24, 1968) or amendment thereto which does not conform after the passage of this Chapter (October 24, 1968) or amendments thereto with the use regulations of the district in which it is situated.
- PARKING SPACE
- A durable, dustproof, surfaced area, enclosed in the main building, in an accessory building or unenclosed, sufficient in size to store one (1) standing automobile, and if the space is unenclosed, a durable dustproof surface area comprising an area of not less than three hundred (300) square feet including the necessary driveway and space between automobiles on the parking lots. The driveways connecting a parking space with street or alley shall provide satisfactory ingress and egress of automobiles and shall be designed to prevent all possible traffic and fire hazards. Such area shall be paved with an asphalt penetration surface, asphaltic concrete or Portland cement concrete and shall have appropriate bumper guards when needed.
- PRIVATE CLUB
- An association of persons, whether incorporated or unincorporated, organized for some common purpose, but not including a group organized solely or primarily to render a service customarily carried on as a commercial enterprise, provided however, that the activities of such association shall not be violations of any Federal, State or County or municipal laws in effect.
- Any structure or part of a structure not in excess of fifteen (15) feet, other than a cellar, included between the surface of any floor and the surface of the floor next above it, or if there be no floor above it, then the space between the floor and the ceiling next above it.
- STORY, HALF
- A space under a sloping roof which has the line of intersection of roof decking and wall face not more than three (3) feet above the top floor level, and in which space not more than two-thirds (⅔) of the floor area is finished for occupancy.
- All property dedicated or intended for public or private street, highway, freeway or roadway purposes or subject to easements therefor.
- STREET LINE
- A dividing line between a lot, tract or parcel of land and a contiguous street.
- STRUCTURAL ALTERATIONS
- Any change in the supporting members of a building, such as bearing walls or partitions, columns, beams or girders, or any substantial change in the roof or in the exterior walls.
- Anything constructed or erected, the use of which requires permanent location on the ground or which is attached to something having a permanent location on the ground including, but not limited to, advertising signs, billboards, backstops for tennis courts and pergolas, radio towers, memorials and ornamental structures. The word "structures" includes the word "building" in addition to the foregoing.
- Any structure used, or capable of being used, for living, sleeping, business or storage purposes, having no foundation other than wheels, blocks, skids, jacks, horses or skirting and which is, has been, or reasonably may be equipped with wheels or other devices for transporting the structure from place to place whether by motive power or other means. The term "trailer" shall include camp car and house car. A permanent foundation shall not change its character if the structure can be removed therefrom practically intact.
- An open space on the same lot with a building, unoccupied and unobstructed by any portion of a structure from the ground upward, except as otherwise provided herein.
- YARD, FRONT
- A yard extending across the front of a lot between the side lot lines and being the minimum horizontal distance between the street right-of-way line and the main building or any projection thereof, other than the projection of the usual steps or entrance way. The front yards of lots fronting on major highways, however, shall be determined by measurement from the centerline of the major highway right-of-way as designated in Section 410.020 Subsection (B).
- YARD, REAR
- A yard extending across the rear of a lot measured between the side lot lines and being the minimum horizontal distance between the rear lot line and the rear of the main building or any projections. On corner lots the rear yard shall be considered as parallel to the street upon which the lot has its least dimension. On both corner lots and interior lots the rear yard shall be at the opposite end of the lot from the front yard.
- YARD, SIDE
- A yard between the main building and the side line of the lot and extending from the front lot line to the rear lot line, measured as the mean horizontal distance between the lot line and the main buildings.
[CC 1995 §400.020; Ord. No. 106 Art. III, 10-24-1968; Ord. No. 128 §1, 5-7-1973]
No building shall be erected, converted, enlarged, reconstructed or structurally altered, nor shall any existing building or land be used for any purpose other than as is permitted in the district in which such building or land is located.
No building shall be erected, converted, enlarged, reconstructed or structurally altered to exceed the height limit herein established for the district in which such building is located.
No building shall be erected, converted, enlarged, reconstructed or structurally altered except in conformity with the area regulations of the district in which such building is located.
The minimum yards and open spaces, including lot area per family requirement, for each and every building existing as of October 24, 1968, shall not be encroached upon or considered as yard or open space requirement for any other building.
Every building hereafter erected or structurally altered shall be located on a lot as herein defined and in no case shall there be more than one (1) main building on one (1) lot.
No land dedicated for roadway purposes, either in a public or private street or place, shall be used as a yard or as any part of the required lot area prescribed by this Title.
No junker shall be parked or allowed to remain in the City where visible from the adjacent streets or adjoining lots. No trailer shall be parked or allowed to remain in the City for over a one (1) week period where visible from the adjacent streets or adjoining lots, unless a written permit is issued by the Building Commissioner extending the above mentioned period.
Every dwelling hereafter erected shall be located on the lot such that a parking area or garage or carport or a combination of parking area, garage or carport sufficient for the parking of two (2) automobiles is provided.
Vacations. Whenever any street, alley or other public way is vacated by official action of the County Council of St. Louis County with the approval of the Board of Aldermen, the zoning districts adjoining each side of such street, alley or public way shall be automatically extended to the center of such vacation and all area included in the vacation shall then and thenceforth be subject to all regulations of the extended districts.
Annexation. All territory which may hereafter be annexed to the City of Crystal Lake Park shall automatically be classed as lying and be in the Residence District "A" until such classification shall have been changed by an amendment to this Zoning Code as provided by law.
[CC 1995 §400.030; Ord. No. 106 Art. III, 10-24-1968]
In order to regulate and limit the height, dimensions and size of buildings erected or altered, to limit the intensity of lot area and to regulate and determine the area of yards, courts and other open spaces within and surrounding such buildings, the City of Crystal Lake Park shall be divided into four (4) districts, to wit:
Uses. Each said district shall conform to the uses and regulations as set forth in this Title.
[CC 1995 §400.040]
Wherever the regulations made under authority of this Title require a greater width or size of yards, courts or other open spaces, or require a lower height of building or less number of stories, or require a greater percentage of lot to be left unoccupied, or impose other higher standards than are required in any other Statute or local ordinance or regulation, the provisions of the regulations made under authority of this Title shall govern. Wherever the provisions of any other Statute or local ordinance or regulation require a greater width or size of yards, courts or other open spaces, or require a lower height of building or a less number of stories, or require a greater percentage of lot to be left unoccupied, or impose other higher standards than are required by the regulations made under authority of this Title, the provisions of such ordinance or regulation shall govern.
[Ord. No. 573, 3-5-2018]
"Short-term residential rental" means the letting or renting, or offering for let or rent, a dwelling unit, or a portion thereof, for a fee to one (1) or more guests for a period of sixty (60) consecutive calendar days or less. Short-term residential rentals are a use prohibited throughout all zoning districts of the City.