Village of Hanley Hills, MO
St. Louis County
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Table of Contents
Table of Contents
[R.O. 2012 §385.010]
As used in this Chapter, the following terms shall mean:
BICYCLE
Every vehicle propelled solely by human power upon which any person may ride, having two (2) tandem wheels, or two (2) parallel wheels and one (1) or two (2) forward or rear wheels, all of which are more than fourteen (14) inches in diameter, except scooters and similar devices.
MOTORIZED BICYCLE
Any two- or three-wheeled device having an automatic transmission and a motor with a cylinder capacity of not more than fifty (50) cubic centimeters, which produces less than three (3) gross brake horsepower and is capable of propelling the device at a maximum speed of not more than thirty (30) miles per hour on level ground. A motorized bicycle shall be considered a motor vehicle for purposes of any homeowners' or renters' insurance policy.
[R.O. 2012 §385.020]
Every bicycle and motorized bicycle shall be equipped with a brake or brakes which will enable its driver to stop the bicycle or motorized bicycle within twenty-five (25) feet from a speed of ten (10) miles per hour on dry, level, clean pavement.
[R.O. 2012 §385.030]
A. 
Every bicycle and motorized bicycle when in use on a street or highway during the period from one-half (½) hour after sunset to one-half (½) hour before sunrise shall be equipped with the following:
1. 
A front-facing lamp on the front or carried by the rider which shall emit a white light visible at night under normal atmospheric conditions on a straight, level, unlighted roadway at five hundred (500) feet;
2. 
A rear-facing red reflector, at least two (2) square inches in reflective surface area, or a rear-facing red lamp on the rear which shall be visible at night under normal atmospheric conditions on a straight, level, unlighted roadway when viewed by a vehicle driver under the lower beams of vehicle headlights at six hundred (600) feet;
3. 
Reflective material and/or lights on any part of the bicyclist's pedals, crank arms, shoes or lower leg visible from the front and the rear at night under normal atmospheric conditions on a straight, level, unlighted roadway when viewed by a vehicle driver under the lawful lower beams of vehicle headlights at two hundred (200) feet; and
4. 
Reflective material and/or lights visible on each side of the bicycle or bicyclist and visible at night under normal atmospheric conditions on a straight, level, unlighted roadway when viewed by a vehicle driver under the lawful lower beams of vehicle headlights at three hundred (300) feet. The provisions of this Subdivision shall not apply to motorized bicycles which comply with National Highway Traffic and Safety Administration regulations relating to reflectors on motorized bicycles.
[R.O. 2012 §385.040]
Every person riding a bicycle or motorized bicycle upon a street or highway shall be granted all of the rights and shall be subject to all of the duties applicable to the driver of a vehicle as provided by Chapter 304, RSMo., and this Title, except as to special regulations in this Chapter, and except as to those provisions of Chapter 304, RSMo., and this Title, which by their nature can have no application.
[R.O. 2012 §385.050]
Every person operating a bicycle or motorized bicycle at less than the posted speed or slower than the flow of traffic upon a street or highway shall ride as near to the right side of the roadway as safe, exercising due care when passing a standing vehicle or one proceeding in the same direction, except when making a left turn, when avoiding hazardous conditions, when the lane is too narrow to share with another vehicle, or when on a one-way street. Bicyclists may ride abreast when not impeding other vehicles.
[R.O. 2012 §385.060]
Any person seventeen (17) years of age or older who violates any provision of this Chapter is guilty of an infraction and, upon conviction thereof, shall be punished by a fine of not less than five dollars ($5.00) nor more than twenty-five dollars ($25.00). If any person under seventeen (17) years of age violates any provision of this Chapter, in the presence of a Peace Officer possessing the duty and power of arrest for violation of the general criminal laws of the State or for violation of ordinances of Counties or municipalities of the State, said officer may impound the bicycle or motorized bicycle involved for a period not to exceed five (5) days upon issuance of a receipt to the child riding it or to its owner.
[R.O. 2012 §385.070]
A. 
No person shall operate a motorized bicycle on any highways, streets or roads in this Village unless the person has a valid license to operate a motor vehicle.
B. 
No motorized bicycle may be operated on any public thoroughfare located within this Village which has been designated as part of the Federal interstate highway system.
[R.O. 2012 §385.080]
No person shall operate a motorized bicycle on any highways, streets or roads in this Village unless it is equipped in accordance with the minimum requirements for construction and equipment of MOPEDS, Regulation VESC-17, approved July, 1977, as promulgated by the Vehicle Equipment Safety Commission.
[R.O. 2012 §385.090; CC 1987 §76.260]
Only one (1) person shall ride or be on any bicycle at any time while riding on any public street, alley or sidewalk.
[R.O. 2012 §385.100; CC 1987 §76.280]
It shall be unlawful for any person to do any trick riding on a bicycle or to ride without at least one (1) hand on the handlebar or bars at any time upon any public street, alley or sidewalk.
[R.O. 2012 §385.110; CC 1987 §76.290]
Any Peace Officer may at any time have the right to inspect any bicycle and to require the owner or operator to put the same in a safe operating condition.
[R.O. 2012 §385.120; Ord. No. 932 Art. I, 4-27-2006]
These regulations apply to bicyclists, scooter operators, roller bladers, skaters and skateboarders when such devices are operated upon any highway, roadway or alleyway or upon any path located within the Village of Hanley Hills. For purposes of this Article, a "scooter" shall be defined as a device that typically has one (1) front and one (1) rear wheel with a low footboard between, is steered by a handlebar, is propelled either by pushing one (1) foot against the ground while resting the other foot on the footboard or by a motor. A scooter may have more than two (2) wheels.
[R.O. 2012 §385.130; Ord. No. 932 Art. II, 4-27-2006]
Every person operating a bicycle, scooter, roller blades, roller skates or skateboard upon a highway, roadway or alleyway is granted all of the rights and is subject to all of the duties applicable to the driver of a vehicle by the laws of this State and Village declaring rules of the road applicable to the driver of a vehicle, except as to special regulations in this Article, and except as to those provisions of law and ordinance which by their nature can have no application.
[R.O. 2012 §385.140; Ord. No. 932 Art. III, 4-27-2006]
A. 
Any person operating a bicycle, scooter, roller blades, roller skates or skateboard shall obey the instructions of official traffic control devices applicable to vehicles, unless otherwise directed by a Law Enforcement Officer.
B. 
Whenever authorized signs are erected indicating that no right or left or u-turn is permitted, no person operating a bicycle or scooter shall disobey the direction of any such sign. Where such person dismounts from such devices to make any such turn, the person shall then obey the regulations applicable to pedestrians.
[R.O. 2012 §385.150; Ord. No. 932 Art. IV, 4-27-2006]
A. 
A person propelling a bicycle shall not ride on a seat other than a permanent and regularly attached seat.
B. 
No bicycle, scooter or skateboard shall be used to carry more persons at one time than the number for which it is designed and equipped.
Every person operating a bicycle or motorized bicycle at less than the posted speed or slower than the flow of traffic upon a street or highway shall ride as near to the right side of the roadway as safe, exercising due care when passing a standing vehicle or one proceeding in the same direction, except when making a left turn, when avoiding hazardous conditions, when the lane is too narrow to share with another vehicle, or when on a one-way street. Bicyclists may ride abreast when not impeding other vehicles.
[R.O. 2012 §385.170; Ord. No. 932 Art. VI, 4-27-2006]
No person shall operate a bicycle, scooter, roller blades, roller skates or skateboard at a speed greater than is reasonable and prudent under the existing conditions nor shall such operator exceed the legal speed limit for the roadway while riding upon the roadway.
[R.O. 2012 §385.180; Ord. No. 932 Art. VII, 4-27-2006]
The operator of a bicycle, scooter, roller blades, roller skates or skateboard emerging from any alleyway, private roadway, driveway or building shall, upon approaching a sidewalk or the sidewalk area, yield the right-of-way to all pedestrians approaching on the sidewalk or sidewalk area. Upon entering the highway or roadway, the operator shall yield the right-of-way to vehicles approaching on the highway or roadway.
[R.O. 2012 §385.190; Ord. No. 932 Art. VIII, 4-27-2006]
No person operating a bicycle or scooter shall carry any package, bundle or article which prevents the rider from keeping at least one (1) hand upon the handlebars.
[R.O. 2012 §385.200; Ord. No. 932 Art. IX, 4-27-2006]
No person shall park a bicycle or scooter upon a highway, roadway or sidewalk in such a manner as to obstruct vehicular or pedestrian traffic.
[R.O. 2012 §385.210; Ord. No. 932 Art. X, 4-27-2006]
A. 
Every bicycle or scooter when in use at nighttime shall be equipped with and shall use a lamp on the front which emits a white light visible from a distance of at least five hundred (500) feet to the front and with a red, white or yellow reflector or the rear of a type which is visible from all directions from fifty (50) feet to three hundred (300) feet to the rear when directly in front of lawful upper beams of headlamps on a motor vehicle. A lamp emitting a red light visible from a distance of five hundred (500) feet to the rear may be used in addition to the red reflector.
B. 
Every bicycle or scooter shall be equipped with a brake which will enable the operator to make the braked wheel skid on dry, level, clean pavement.
[R.O. 2012 §385.220; Ord. No. 932 Art. XI, 4-27-2006]
It shall be unlawful for a parent or guardian to permit a child under the age of seventeen (17) years to operate or be a passenger on a bicycle, scooter, roller skates, roller blades or a skateboard unless the child shall wear protective headgear which properly fits and is fastened securely upon the head of the operator or passenger. The headgear shall meet or exceed the impact standard for protective bicycle helmets set by the U.S. Consumer Products Safety Commission, the American National Standards Institute (ANSI), the Snell Memorial Foundation or the American Society of Testing and Materials (ASTM).
[R.O. 2012 §385.230; Ord. No. 932 Art. XII, 4-27-2006]
No person upon roller skates, roller blades or a skateboard shall go upon any road except while crossing the road. When so crossing, such person shall be granted all the rights and shall be subject to all of the duties applicable to all other pedestrians.
[R.O. 2012 §385.240; Ord. No. 932 Art. XIII, 4-27-2006]
Every person convicted of a violation of any provision of this Article shall be punished by a fine of not more than one hundred dollars ($100.00). Provided however, that any parent or guardian found to be in violation of Section 375.220 may be issued an equipment violation notice as prescribed on a Missouri Uniform Complaint and Summons, which violation may be dismissed if the parent or guardian brings an approved helmet to the Village Police Department within twenty-five (25) working days of the receipt of the violation and receives compliance verification as set forth on the back of the Missouri Uniform Complaint and Summons.