Unless the context specifically indicates otherwise, the meaning of terms used in this article shall be as follows. The term "shall" is mandatory; "may" is permissive.
- BOD (denoting "biochemical oxygen demand")
- The quantity of organic matter under standard laboratory procedure in five days at 20° C. expressed in milligrams per liter. Quantitative determination of BOD shall be made in accordance with procedures set forth in Standard Methods.
- BUILDING DRAIN
- That part of the lowest horizontal piping of a drainage system which received the discharge from soil, waste, and other drainage pipes inside the walls of the building and conveys it to the building sewer.
- BUILDING SEWER
- The extension from the building drain to the public sewer or other place of disposal.
- COMBINED SEWER
- A sewer receiving both surface runoff and wastewater.
- DOMESTIC WASTEWATER
- Wastewater with concentrations of BOD and suspended solids no greater than 558 milligrams per liter, total kjeldahl nitrogen (TKN) no greater than 74 milligrams per liter, and phosphorus no greater than 13 milligrams per liter.
- Solid wastes from the domestic and commercial preparation, cooking and dispensing of food and from the handling, storage and sale of produce.
- GROUNDWATER RECLAMATION
- Reclamation of groundwater in connection with cleanup of gasoline from leaking underground storage tanks. "Reclaimed groundwater" shall refer to the groundwater that is reclaimed in this process.
- HIGH-STRENGTH WASTEWATER
- Wastewater with concentrations of BOD greater than 558 milligrams per liter, total suspended solids concentrations greater than 558 milligrams per liter, total kjeldahl nitrogen concentrations greater than 74 milligrams per liter, or total phosphorus concentrations greater than 13 milligrams per liter.
- INDUSTRIAL WASTES
- The liquid wastes from industrial manufacturing processes, trade or business as distinct from domestic wastewater.
- NATURAL OUTLET
- Any outlet into a watercourse, pond, ditch, lake or other body of surface water or groundwater.
- Any individual, firm, company, association, society, corporation or group.
- PROPERLY SHREDDED GARBAGE
- The wastes from the preparation, cooking and dispensing of food that have been shredded to such a degree that all particles will be carried freely under the flow conditions normally prevailing in public sewers, with no particle greater than 1/2 inch in any dimension.
- PUBLIC SEWER
- A publicly owned sewer.
- SANITARY SEWER
- A sewer which carries wastewater and to which stormwater, surface water and groundwater are not intentionally admitted.
- A pipe or conduit for carrying wastewater.
- Any discharge of water, wastewater, or industrial waste which in concentration of any given constituent or in quantity of flow causes the capacity of a public sewer to be exceeded or which adversely affects the operation of the wastewater treatment plant.
- STANDARD METHODS
- The latest State of Wisconsin approved edition of Standard Methods for the Examination of Water and Wastewater, prepared, approved and published jointly by the American Public Health Association, the American Water Works Association, and the Water Pollution Control Federation.
- STORM SEWER
- A sewer which carries stormwater and surface water and drainage but excludes wastewater and industrial wastes, other than unpolluted cooling water.
- SUSPENDED SOLIDS
- Solids that either float on the surface of, or are in suspension in, water, wastewater or other liquids and which are removable by laboratory filtering.
- A combination of the water-carried wastes from residences, business buildings, institutions, and industrial establishments.
- WASTEWATER TREATMENT PLANT
- Any arrangement of devices and structures used for treating wastewater.
- WASTEWATER TREATMENT WORKS
- All facilities for collecting, pumping, treating and disposing of wastewater.
- A channel in which a flow of water occurs, either continuously or intermittently.
- WISCONSIN POLLUTANT DISCHARGE ELIMINATION SYSTEM (WPDES) PERMIT
- A document issued by the Wisconsin Department of Natural Resources which establishes effluent limitations and monitoring requirements for the municipal wastewater treatment facility.
It shall be unlawful for any person to place, deposit or permit to be deposited in any unsanitary manner on public or private property within the City of Lodi or in any area under the jurisdiction of said City any human or animal excrement, garbage or other objectionable waste.
It shall be unlawful to discharge to any natural outlet within the City of Lodi or in any area under the jurisdiction of said City any wastewater or other polluted waters, except where suitable treatment has been provided in accordance with subsequent provisions of this article.
Except as hereinafter provided, it shall be unlawful to construct or maintain any privy, privy vault, septic tank, cesspool, or other facility intended or used for the disposal of wastewater.
The owner of all houses, buildings or properties used for human occupancy, employment, recreation or other purposes situated within the City and abutting on any street, alley or right-of-way in which there is now located or planned to be located a public sanitary sewer of the City is hereby required, at his expense, to install suitable toilet facilities therein and to connect such facilities directly with the proper public sewer in accordance with the provisions of this article within 90 days after date of official notice to do so.
No connection to the sewer system in the City of Lodi shall be made to any building or location outside of the City limits except by permit granted by the Common Council.
For each location thus served, the owner shall pay the City Treasurer on or before January 1, April 1, July 1 and October 1 of each year a quarterly nonresident sewer access charge, the amount of which shall be set by the Common Council by resolution. This charge shall be in addition to the sewer service charges and sewer connection charges which are imposed on all sewer system users (resident and nonresident) by Article II, §§ 272-13 and 272-16 of this chapter. Upon failure to pay such charges, sewer service shall be discontinued in addition to any other penalties provided herein.
Before making any connection to the sewage system, application for permit shall be made to the Director of Public Works. Such application shall specify the location of the connection, the lot number, building or location, and the owner's name and must give the name of the plumber who is to make the connection. The application must be accompanied by a permit fee as set by the Common Council by resolution if any opening is to be made in any public street, in which case no separate street opening permit under § 295-3 of this Code shall be required, nor shall a separate fee for a street opening permit under § 295-3 be required. No connection to the City sewer system shall be made by any person other than a licensed plumber or his employee, nor shall such connection be made until a permit has been issued therefor by the Director of Public Works.
Where a public sanitary or combined sewer is not available under the provisions of § 272-2D, the building sewer shall be connected to a private wastewater disposal system complying with the provisions of this section.
Before commencement of construction of a private wastewater disposal system, the owner shall first obtain a written permit signed by the City Clerk. The application for such permit shall be made to the Common Council.
A permit for a private wastewater disposal system shall not become effective until the installation is completed to the satisfaction of the Building Inspector. He shall be allowed to inspect the work at any stage of construction, and in any event the applicant for the permit shall notify the Building Inspector when the work is ready for final inspection and before any underground portions are covered.
The type, capacities, location and layout of a private wastewater disposal system shall be approved by the Wisconsin Department of Commerce. No new permit shall be issued for any private wastewater disposal system employing subsurface soil absorption facilities where the area of the lot is less than 20,000 square feet. No septic tank or cesspool shall be permitted to discharge to any natural outlet.
At such time as a public sewer becomes available to a property served by a private wastewater disposal system, as provided in § 272-2D, a direct connection shall be made to the public sewer within 90 days in compliance with this article, and any septic tanks, cesspools, and similar private wastewater disposal facilities shall be abandoned, with abandonment to be done in a manner which complies with state law and all relevant portions of the Wisconsin Administrative Code.
The owner shall operate and maintain the private wastewater disposal facilities in a sanitary manner at all times, at no expense to the City.
No unauthorized person shall uncover, make any connections with or opening into, use, alter, or disturb any public sewer or appurtenance thereof without first obtaining a written permit from the Director of Public Works.
There shall be three classes of permits: for residential and commercial service, for service to establishments producing industrial wastes, and special permits. Special permits shall be required before any reclaimed groundwater is directed into a sanitary sewer. Special permits may also be issued in such other situations as the Common Council deems to be appropriate. Any permit may be issued subject to such terms and conditions as are deemed necessary in the judgment of the Director of Public Works in order to protect the wastewater treatment works and ensure the safe, proper and legal operation thereof.
For each type of permit the owner or his agent shall make application on such forms as may be furnished by the City. The permit application shall be supplemented by any plans, specifications or other information considered pertinent in the judgment of the Director of Public Works.
Any permit issued pursuant to this article may be revoked in the event that the person discharging into the sanitary sewer violates any of the terms of this article or the terms or conditions of his permit.
Any person aggrieved by the denial or revocation of a permit hereunder may request and receive a hearing on such denial or revocation before the City of Lodi Common Council.
All costs and expense incident to the installation, connection and maintenance of the building sewer shall be borne by the owner. The owner shall indemnify the City from any loss or damage that may directly or indirectly be occasioned by the installation of the building sewer.
A separate and independent building sewer shall be provided for every building, except that where one building stands at the rear of another on an interior lot and no private sewer is available or can be constructed to the rear building through an adjoining alley, court, yard or driveway, the building sewer from the front building may be extended to the rear building and the whole considered as one building sewer.
The size, slope, alignment, and materials of construction of a building sewer, and the methods to be used in excavating, placing of the pipe, jointing, testing and backfilling the trench, shall all conform to the requirements of the Wisconsin Administrative Code.
Whenever possible, the building sewer shall be brought to the building at an elevation below the basement floor. In all buildings in which any building drain is too low to permit gravity flow to the public sewer, sanitary sewage carried by such building drain shall be lifted by an approved means and discharged to the building sewer.
No person shall make connection of roof downspouts, exterior foundation drains, areaway drains, or other sources of surface runoff or groundwater to a building sewer or building drain which in turn is connected directly or indirectly to a public sanitary sewer, except in the case of a groundwater reclamation situation for which a special permit has been issued under § 272-6B hereof.
The connection of the building sewer into the public sewer shall conform to the requirements of the Wisconsin Administrative Code. All such connections shall be made gastight and watertight.
The applicant for the building sewer permit shall notify the Building Inspector when the building sewer is ready for inspection and connection to the public sewer. The connection shall be made under the supervision of the Director of Public Works or his representative.
All excavations for building sewer installation shall be adequately guarded with barricades and lights so as to protect the public from hazard. Streets, sidewalks, parkways and other public property disturbed in the course of the work shall be restored in a manner satisfactory to the City.
No person shall discharge or cause to be discharged any stormwater, surface water, groundwater, roof runoff, subsurface drainage, uncontaminated cooling water, or unpolluted industrial process waters to any sanitary sewer, except in the case of a groundwater reclamation situation for which a special permit has been issued under § 272-6B hereof.
Stormwater and all other unpolluted drainage shall be discharged to such sewers as are specifically designated as storm sewers or to a natural outlet approved by the Common Council. Industrial cooling water or unpolluted process waters may be discharged, on approval of the Common Council, to a storm sewer, combined sewer or natural outlet.
No person shall discharge or cause to be discharged any of the following described waters or wastes to any public sewers:
Any gasoline, benzene, naphtha, fuel oil, or other flammable or explosive liquid, solid or gas, except in the case of a groundwater reclamation situation for which a special permit has been issued under § 272-6B hereof.
Any waters or wastes containing toxic or poisonous solids, liquids, or gases in sufficient quantity, either singly or by interaction with other wastes, to injure or interfere with any wastewater treatment process, constitute a hazard to humans or animals, create a public nuisance, or create any hazard in the receiving waters of the wastewater treatment plant.
Any waters or wastes having a pH lower than 6.0 or greater than 9.0 or having any other corrosive property capable of causing damage or hazard to structures, equipment and personnel of the wastewater treatment works.
Solid or viscous substances in quantities or of such size capable of causing obstruction to the flow in sewers or other interference with the proper operation of the wastewater treatment works, such as, but not limited to, ashes, cinders, sand, mud, straw, shavings, metal, glass, rags, feathers, tar, plastics, wood, unground garbage, whole blood, paunch manure, hair and fleshings, entrails and paper dishes, cups, milk containers, etc., either whole or ground by garbage grinders.
No person shall discharge or cause to be discharged the following described substances, materials, waters or wastes if it appears likely, in the opinion of the Common Council, that such wastes can harm either the sewers, wastewater treatment process or equipment, have an adverse effect on the receiving stream, or can otherwise endanger life, limb, or public property or constitute a nuisance. In forming their its as to the acceptability of these wastes, the Common Council may give consideration to such factors as the quantities of subject wastes in relation to flows and velocities in the sewers, materials of construction of the sewers, nature of the wastewater treatment process, capacity of the wastewater treatment plant, degree of treatability of wastes in the wastewater treatment plant, and other pertinent factors. The substances referred to are:
Any liquid or vapor having a temperature higher than 150° F. (65° C.).
Any water or waste containing fats, wax, grease or oils, whether emulsified or not, in excess of 100 milligrams per liter or containing substances which may solidify or become viscous at temperatures between 32° and 150° F. (0° and 65° C.).
Any garbage that has not been properly shredded.
Any waters or wastes containing iron, chromium, copper, zinc, and similar objectionable or toxic substances or wastes exerting an excessive chlorine or disinfection requirement, to such degree that any such material received in the composite wastewater at the wastewater treatment works exceeds the limits established by the Director of Public Works for such materials.
Materials which exert or cause unusual BOD, chemical oxygen demand, or chlorine or disinfection requirements in such quantities as to adversely affect the operation of the wastewater treatment works.
Materials which exert or cause unusual volume of flow or concentration of wastes constituting slugs as defined herein.
Waters or wastes containing substances which are not amenable to treatment or reduction by the wastewater treatment processes employed or are amenable to treatment only to such degree that the wastewater treatment plant effluent cannot meet the requirements of other agencies having jurisdiction over discharge to the receiving waters.
If reclaimed groundwater is to be directed into the sanitary sewer, or if any waters or wastes are discharged or are proposed to be discharged to the public sewers which waters contain the substances or possess the characteristics enumerated in Subsection D of this section and which, in the judgment of the Common Council, may have a deleterious effect upon the wastewater treatment works, processes, equipment or receiving waters, or which otherwise create a hazard to life or constitute a public nuisance, the Common Council may:
Reject the reclaimed groundwater or wastes;
Require pretreatment pursuant to Subsection G of this section to an acceptable condition for discharge to the public sewers;
Require control over the quantities and rates of discharge; and/or
If the Common Council permits the pretreatment or equalization of reclaimed groundwater or waste flows, the design and installation of the plants and equipment shall be subject to the review and approval of the Common Council and subject to the requirements of all applicable codes, ordinances and laws.
Pretreatment. Where required, in the opinion of the Director of Public Works, to modify or eliminate wastes that are harmful to the structure, processes or operation of the wastewater treatment works, the discharger shall develop an acceptable compliance schedule and then, in accordance with that compliance schedule, provide such preliminary treatment or processing facilities as may be required to render the wastes acceptable for admission to the public sewers. The costs of providing such facilities shall be paid for by the waste discharger. Detailed plans and specifications for the pretreatment facilities and operating procedures shall be submitted to the Common Council for review and approval before the construction of the facility. The review of such plans and operating procedures will in no way relieve the user from the responsibility of modifying the facility as necessary to produce an effluent in compliance with the provisions of this chapter.
Grease, oil and sand interceptors shall be provided when, in the opinion of the Common Council, they are necessary for the proper handling of liquid wastes containing grease in excessive amounts, or any flammable wastes, sand, or other harmful ingredients, except that such interceptors shall not be required for private living quarters or dwelling units. All interceptors shall be of a type and capacity approved by the Common Council and shall be located as to be readily and easily accessible for cleaning and inspection. In the maintaining of these interceptors, the owner shall be responsible for the proper removal and disposal by the appropriate means of the captured material and shall maintain records of the dates and means of disposal which are subject to review by the Director of Public Works. Any removal and hauling of the collected materials not performed by the owner's personnel shall be performed by currently licensed waste disposal firms.
Where preliminary treatment or flow-equalizing facilities are provided for any waters or wastes, they shall be maintained continuously in satisfactory and effective operation by the owner at his expense.
When deemed necessary by the Common Council, a suitable control manhole shall be constructed on a building sewer carrying industrial wastes and such manhole shall contain such necessary meters, equipment and other appurtenances to facilitate observation, sampling and measurement of the wastes. The construction cost and maintenance cost of the manhole shall be levied against the property as a special assessment and paid to the City as stipulated by the Common Council.
No statement contained in this section shall be construed as preventing any special agreement or arrangement between the City and any industrial concern whereby an industrial waste of unusual strength or character may be accepted by the City for treatment, subject to payment therefor by the industrial concern.
The Director of Public Works and other duly authorized employees of the City bearing proper credentials and identification shall be permitted to enter all properties for the purposes of inspection, observation, measurement, sampling and testing in accordance with the provisions of this article.
The Director of Public Works and other duly authorized employees of the City bearing proper credentials and identification shall be permitted to enter all private properties through which the City holds a duly negotiated easement for the purposes of, but not limited to, inspection, observation, measurement, sampling, repair and maintenance of any portion of the wastewater treatment works lying within said easement.
Any person found to be violating any provision of this article shall be served by the City with written notice stating the nature of the violation and providing a reasonable time limit for the satisfactory correction thereof. The offender shall, within the period of time stated in such notice, permanently cease all violations.
Any person violating any of the provisions of this article shall become liable to the City for any expense, loss, or damage occasioned the City by reason of such violation.