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Village of Woodridge, NY
Sullivan County
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Table of Contents
Table of Contents
[Adopted 4-1-1991 (Ch. 127, Art. I, of the 1992 Code)]
It is the purpose of these specifications to establish minimum acceptable standards of street construction for subdivisions in the Village of Woodridge, including but not limited to width, design, drainage, construction of base and pavement, curbs, sidewalks and signs. Dedication of the right-of-way will not be accepted until the developer's professional engineer or the Director of Public Works shall have certified to the Village Board, in writing, that the construction of the street or streets has been completed in accordance with the approved plans and the specifications which follow.
In his written certification, as required above, the developer's professional engineer and/or the Director of Public Works shall state clearly that he or his authorized representative has inspected all phases of the street construction and that all work has been completed in accordance with the approved plans and these specifications.
A plan of the proposed street shall be prepared by a qualified engineer properly licensed by the State of New York. The plan shall clearly define the limits of the proposed right-of-way and shall include the location, widths, profiles and grades of proposed roadways, storm drainage, including culverts and other drainage structures, and the location of easements and utilities. The plan shall be submitted to the Director of Public Works and/or the Village Engineer, and then to the County Superintendent of Highways when any street drains towards or may otherwise affect a county highway, and then shall be returned to the Village Planning Board for review and approval under the applicable subdivision regulations of the Village.[1] Such plans so submitted shall not be altered or amended after having been approved by the Planning Board, unless amended plans are resubmitted and approved as above. However, the developer shall, at his own expense, provide additional storm drainage facilities as may be ordered by the Director of Public Works if, during the progress of the work, in the opinion of the Director of Public Works, the Village Engineer and/or the County Superintendent of Highways, such additional structures or facilities are necessary to assure the durability of the pavement, the future maintenance of the right-of-way or the welfare or safety of the public, except that the Village Planning Board may vary the requirements of such order where there are practical difficulties or unnecessary hardships in the way of carrying out the strict letter of such order, unless such variance conflicts with the provisions of a Village or County Official Drainage Map, in which event the Official Map shall prevail. If construction has not been started within one year from the date of final approval by the Village Planning Board, plans shall be resubmitted and approved as above.
[1]
Editor's Note: See Ch. 350, Subdivision of Land.
A. 
Prior to the start of construction of any improved street, the developer shall deposit with the Village Clerk a performance bond of acceptable surety or shall deposit with the chief fiscal officer of the Village acceptable negotiable government bonds, cash or a certified check drawn upon a national or state bank payable at sight to the Village Board guaranteeing that:
(1) 
Within two years the developer will complete all the construction within the right-of-way, including roadways, shoulders, sidewalks, curbs, gutters, storm drainage, etc., and all utilities, including hydrants and house connections for each lot, in accordance with the approved plan and these specifications.
(2) 
Upon certification by the developer's professional engineer or by the Director of Public Works that the construction of the street has been completed in accordance with the approved plans and specifications, the developer will dedicate the completed street to the Village for the use as a public highway free and clear of all liens and encumbrances. This guaranty of dedication shall apply to the owner of the property as well as the developer where the two are not synonymous.
B. 
As guaranty for the performance of the above requirements, the developer shall deposit as heretofore set forth a surety bond, negotiable government bonds, cash or a certified check, the minimum total amount of which shall be determined by applying to the quantities or dimensions shown on the approved plan the rates per unit as established by the Village Board of the Village of Woodridge.
C. 
The table of rates for computing the total amount of the performance bond shall be as follows:
(1) 
For each linear foot of:
(a) 
Major or through streets: $25.
(b) 
Suburban streets: $20.
(2) 
For each cubic yard of rock excavation: $20.
(3) 
For each linear foot of storm drain pipe:
(a) 
Fifteen-inch round on 18 inches by 11 inches oblate: $4.50.
(b) 
Eighteen-inch round or 22 inches by 13 inches oblate: $5.25.
(c) 
Twenty-one-inch round or 15 inches by 16 inches oblate: $6.
(d) 
Twenty-four-inch round or 29 inches by 18 inches oblate: $7.
(e) 
Thirty-inch round or 36 inches by 22 inches oblate: $11.50.
(f) 
Thirty-six-inch round or 43 inches by 27 inches oblate: $15.
(g) 
Forty-two-inch round or 50 inches by 31 inches oblate: $20.
(h) 
Pipe over 42 inches in diameter, concrete culverts and bridges: as established by the Director of Public Works.
(4) 
For each catch basin:
(a) 
Up to five feet in depth: $250.
(b) 
For each additional foot to 10 feet: $35.
(c) 
For each additional foot over 10 feet: $50.
(5) 
For each vertical foot of manhole: $180.
(6) 
For each concrete headwall: $150.
(7) 
For each street name sign: $25.
A. 
Prior to acceptance by the Village of the dedication of the street as guaranteed by the rates above, the developer shall deposit with the Village Clerk a maintenance bond of acceptable surety or shall deposit with the chief fiscal officer of the Village acceptable negotiable government bonds, cash or a certified check drawn upon a national or state bank payable at sight to the Village Board guaranteeing that, for a period of one year from the date of acceptance of the dedication of the street by the Village, the developer will maintain that street to the standard of construction set by these specifications, normal wear and tear excepted. This shall be interpreted to mean that the developer will, at his own expense, repair and make good any defects or damage which may develop during this maintenance period as a result of other construction by the developer of the right-of-way. During the maintenance period, the Village shall be responsible for snow and ice control, street cleaning, the cleaning of culverts and catch basins and other work of a similar routine nature, provided that such work has in no way been caused by the developer's operations.
B. 
The amount of the maintenance bond shall be at least equal to 10% of the original amount of the performance bond.
C. 
Subsequent to the acceptance of the dedication of the street or road, the developer must submit a detailed survey map (as-built) showing the location of the street or road within the easement. After receipt of the above, along with deeds, the Village Board may release all or part of the performance bond.
D. 
In the opinion of the Director of Public Works, the maintenance bond will be extended for more than one year when the developer is continuing development through the bonded area.
A. 
The Village Planning Board shall determine and designate into which of the four following classifications each proposed subdivision street falls on the basis of one or more of the criteria hereinafter set forth:
[Amended 5-4-1992 by L.L. No. 1-1992]
(1) 
Major or through street.
(2) 
Suburban-type street.
(3) 
Commercial or industrial street.
(4) 
Rural-type street.
B. 
Final plans shall be drawn to show, and the developer shall construct, each street in accordance with the particular specification for its designated classification, as also hereinafter set forth, as well as in accordance with the specifications common to all classifications.
A proposed street shall be designated a major or through street when any of the following conditions exist:
A. 
The proposed street is in direct and logical continuation of a street that carried 500 or more cars during a twelve-hour period, during peak season months, as shown by the latest traffic count.
B. 
The proposed street creates a shorter and more convenient through traffic artery so that it can be reasonably expected that traffic will be diverted from other major streets to such an extent that it will reach at least 500 cars in 12 hours two years after opening.
C. 
The proposed street is the principal collector for 300 or more homes in the neighborhood.
D. 
The proposed street shall/could logically be expected to become a major street because of future construction or other foreseeable circumstances.
A proposed street shall be designated a commercial or industrial street when any of the following conditions exist:
A. 
The proposed street is in an area zoned for commerce or industry.
B. 
The proposed street is on or so close to the dividing line between a residential and commercial or industrial area that it may reasonably be expected to carry a substantial volume of commercial or industrial traffic.
C. 
The proposed street creates a shorter and more convenient route between a commercial or industrial area and a major traffic artery.
D. 
The proposed street for any other reason may be expected to carry a substantial volume of commercial or industrial traffic.
A. 
A proposed street shall be designated a suburban-type street when any of the following conditions exist:
(1) 
The proposed street will serve subdivisions with lots under one acre in size.
(2) 
The proposed street shall not be or be reasonably expected to become a through, commercial or industrial street.
(3) 
The proposed street shall be a dead-end, loop or other minor street within a development as distinguished from a principal collector as described in § 344-7C above.
B. 
This classification is intended to cover the majority of subdivision streets.
A proposed street shall be designated a rural-type street when any of the following conditions exist:
A. 
The proposed street shall serve residential subdivisions with lots of a minimum size of one acre where rezoning to smaller lot size is not designated in Chapter 400, Zoning, or contemplated in the Comprehensive Plan.
B. 
The proposed street is not or cannot reasonably be expected to become a continuation or extension of a street of one of the three above-described classifications. Should such be the case, the proposed street shall take the classification of the street of which it is a continuation or extension.
C. 
The proposed street does not or cannot be reasonably expected to carry a substantial volume of traffic.
Figures 2, 3, 4 and 5[1] show cross sections of each of the four classifications of subdivision streets. These give the required design, dimension and construction details which are applicable to a particular classification. Following is a comparative summary sheet which lists the major items of construction for all types of streets and may be useful as a checklist of requirements. Thereafter are set forth the general and more-detailed specifications for design and construction applicable to all streets. The developer shall design and construct streets which shall conform to both the specific and the general specifications.
[1]
Editor's Note: Figures 2, 3, 4 and 5 are on file in the Village Clerk's office.
The following is a summary of street specifications:
Specification
Requirement
Right-of-way
50 feet
Clearing width
50 feet
Grading width
50 feet
Pavement width to curb or paved gutter
30 feet
Storm drains
Yes
Street name signs
Yes
Foundation course:
Item IV or shale
6 inches thick
Crusher run (quarry-made)
3 inches thick
Pavement options:
No. 1
2-inch binder;
1-inch top
No. 2
4-inch penetration[1]
No. 3
4-inch cold mix paving*
Curbs or paved gutter: All streets shall have curbs or paved gutters.
Sidewalks: left to the discretion of the Department of Public Works and the Planning Board.
NOTE:
*
Two two-inch courses of No. 1 stone, rolled between courses with a ten-ton roller, then sealed within five working days with No. 1A stone and latex emulsion.
[1]
Editor's Note: See §§ 344-18 through 344-20.
A. 
Layout. The developer shall establish and clearly mark on site the limits of the road right-of-way and easements, the center line and grades of road pavement and the location and elevation of drainage and drainage structures in accordance with the approved plans. Such markings shall be maintained at the developer's expense until the construction of drainage, road pavement, curbs, sidewalks and shoulders has been completed, inspected and approved by the Director of Public works and/or the Village Engineer.
B. 
Clearing and grubbing.
(1) 
The developer shall clear the entire area within the limits of:
(a) 
The road right-of-way.
(b) 
Stream channels and ditches.
(c) 
Easement areas.
(2) 
All roots and stumps shall be grubbed, excavated and removed from the above areas. An on-site disposal area for clearing and grubbing debris should be designated where practicable.
(3) 
At no time shall the developer place or cause to be placed cleaning and grubbing debris within the proposed right-of-way.
C. 
Excavating, filling and rough grading.
(1) 
The developer shall complete the shaping of the road right-of-way, streams and ditches and easement areas to the line and grade as shown on the approved plan and as otherwise may be directed by the Director of Public Works. All unsuitable or unstable materials shall be completely excavated and removed from the right-of-way.
(2) 
Where fills are necessary to complete the required line and grade or to backfill trenches or other excavations, the materials incorporated in the work shall be acceptable to the Director of Public Works and shall be placed in layers not exceeding eight inches in depth, each layer to be thoroughly compacted by rolling with a three-wheel, sheepsfoot, pneumatic-tired or paddled-wheel roller or by impact rammer or vibrator equipment in areas inaccessible to power rollers. All compaction shall continue until the fills are firm and unyielding. The size and type of compactor should be approved by the Engineer or the Director of Public Works.
(3) 
The rough grade of the road pavement, curb and sidewalk shall be completed to within one inch above or below the finished subgrade as shown on the approved cross section of the right-of-way improvement.
(4) 
Earth shoulders and the flow line of ditches and gutters shall be maintained in satisfactory condition at the developer's expense at all times during the course of construction of the subdivision and until such time as the Village Board has accepted dedication of the right-of-way.
A. 
Design. The storm drainage system shall be designed in accordance with the criteria established by the Village of Woodridge. The minimum grade of any drainage pipe shall be 1%.
B. 
Excavation, laying and backfilling.
(1) 
The widths of the trench in which the pipe is placed shall be sufficient to permit thorough tamping of the backfill under the haunches and around the pipe. Where rock in either boulder or ledge formation is encountered, it shall be removed below grade and replaced with suitable materials in such a manner as to provide an earth cushion having a thickness under the pipe of not less than eight inches; and where there are excessively heavy fills over the top of the pipe, the Director of Public Works may specify that an earth cushion up to 1/2 inch in thickness per foot of fill be placed over the top of the pipe.
(2) 
Pipe shall be laid to true line and grade on the prepared bed of the trench. All connections for making field joints in corrugated metal bands shall be so constructed as to lap on equal portions of each of the culvert sections to be connected. All joints in making field connections of reinforced concrete pipe shall be filled with Portland cement mortar.
(3) 
Backfilling of trenches shall be done in accordance with the criteria established under the development of rights-of-way, § 344-13C, Excavating, filling and rough grading, of these specifications.
(4) 
Any additional drainage facilities not shown on the approved plan and which may be ordered by the Director of Public Works shall be constructed by the developer at the developer's expense and in accordance with these specifications.
C. 
Pipe.
(1) 
Storm-drain and culvert pipe may be of either full-paved corrugated metal or reinforced concrete with a minimum diameter of 15 inches.
(2) 
Round corrugated metal pipe shall conform to Item II and oblate corrugated metal pipe shall conform to Item IIG of Part III of the Public Works Specifications of the State of New York, Department of Public Works, Division of Construction, Edition of 1957, with the following exceptions:
(a) 
All corrugated metal pipe shall be fully paved with bituminous material to a depth of not less than 1/8 inch measured over the crest of the corrugations of the inside circumference.
(b) 
All collars or connecting bands shall be at least 12 inches wide and shall be furnished with bolts at least six inches long.
(3) 
Reinforced concrete pipe shall conform to the standard specifications for reinforced concrete culvert pipe adopted by the American Society for Testing and Materials and designated as C76-59T, Class III.
(4) 
All reinforced concrete pipe shall be manufactured with slip joints or bell-and-spigot joints.
(5) 
Each piece of reinforced concrete pipe shall be marked with the specification number and the date of manufacture.
The following specifications and drawings show the minimum acceptable construction for typical catch basins and curb inlets. Whenever, in the opinion of the Director of Public works, ground conditions or other circumstances require it, larger or heavier materials, additional materials, reinforcing or other modifications and improvements in design and construction shall be made as directed by the Director of Public works at any time prior to paving.
A. 
Location. Catch basins shall be constructed at all points of change of slope or alignment and at all junction points. At no time shall catch basins be spaced farther apart than 300 feet on slopes less than 3%, 250 feet on slopes from 3% to 6% and 200 feet on slopes over 6% in steepness.
B. 
Excavation and concrete base. The hole for a catch basin shall be excavated to a depth of 35 inches below the designated elevation of the invert of the effluent pipe. Crushed stone or run-of-bank gravel to a uniform depth of nine inches, leveled and compacted over the entire area under the base, shall be laid in the hole. On this stone or gravel shall be laid an eight-inch thick slab of 1:2:4 mix Portland cement concrete. The slab shall extend four inches beyond the outside of the walls of the catch basin on every side. The slab shall be smooth and level. Through the center of the slab there shall be an opening for drainage one square foot in area, which shall be protected and kept clean of concrete, mortar or other obstructing materials during construction.
C. 
Walls.
(1) 
To a maximum depth of five feet below the finished surface, the catch basin walls shall be constructed of solid concrete catch basin corner and stretcher blocks six inches thick.
(2) 
From five feet to a maximum depth of 10 feet below the finished surface, the walls shall be constructed of solid concrete catch basin corner and stretcher blocks eight inches thick.
(3) 
Below 10 feet from the finished surface, the catch basin walls shall be 12 inches thick and shall be constructed of concrete block conforming to ASTM Designation C-139. All hollows in or between blocks in each course shall be completely filled with mortar before the succeeding course is laid so that the finished wall is solid.
(4) 
All blocks forming the catch basin walls shall be laid up with mortar composed of Portland cement and mortar sand conforming to New York State Department of Public Works Specifications in the proportions of 1:2.
(5) 
Inside dimensions of the catch basin shall remain constant from top to bottom and shall match the frame opening of the curb inlet to be used.
(6) 
Precast catch basins may be used if approved by the Director of Public Works.
D. 
Installation of pipes.
(1) 
Concrete blocks around all pipes entering or leaving catch basins shall be cut to fit the contours of the pipe as closely as possible. Remaining holes shall be solidly filled with mortar for the full thickness of the wall. Ends of all pipes shall be cut off flush with the inside surfaces of the catch basin walls.
(2) 
When the diameter of the effluent pipe is greater than that of an influent pipe, the elevation of the top of the influent pipe shall be no lower than the elevation of the top of the effluent pipe.
(3) 
When the diameter of the influent pipe is the same as or smaller than that of an effluent pipe, the elevation of the invert of the effluent pipe shall be equal to or lower than the invert of the influent pipe. In no case shall the top of any influent pipe be more than five feet above the invert of the effluent pipe.
E. 
Curb inlets.
(1) 
All catch basins shall be capped with curb inlets having a minimum frame opening of 30 inches by 48 inches. Curb inlets shall be similar or equal to either Campbell Foundry Company Pattern No. 2501 or Campbell Foundry Company Pattern No. 2541 (stream-flow grating), as designated by the Director of Public Works.
(2) 
Curb inlets shall be installed so that the top of the grating is two inches below the finished grade, and the pavement shall be sloped toward the inlet on the pavings which follow.
(3) 
Curbfront openings on all curb inlets shall have, centered in the opening, a solid horizontal bar to prevent the ingress of small children. This bar shall be part of the casting or solidly welded in place subsequent to manufacture.
F. 
Steps. Catch basins having a depth greater than 60 inches from the finished surface to the top of the concrete base shall be provided with steps. Steps shall be of wrought iron having a minimum diameter of 3/4 inch, which shall be hot-bent to shape and hot-dipped galvanized after bending. They shall be solidly set in the masonry at the time of construction and shall extend all the way through the wall. The steps shall extend 4 1/2 inches inside the wall of the catch basin. The top step shall be not more than 18 inches below the finished surface, and, thence to the base, steps shall be not more than 18 inches apart.
A. 
Before fine grading or construction of curbs and sidewalks is started, all storm and sanitary sewers and all utilities, including house connections and hydrants, shall have been installed and all fill and backfill shall have been thoroughly compacted to the satisfaction of the Director of Public Works.
B. 
Also before fine grading or construction of curbs and sidewalks is started, all heavy trucking for building or site construction purposes shall have been completed.
C. 
After completion of the rough grade and prior to the laying of the foundation course, the subgrade shall be shaped to line and grade and thoroughly compacted with an approved self-propelled roller weighing not less than 10 tons. All hollows and depressions which develop under rolling shall be filled with acceptable granular material and again rolled, this process to be continued until no depressions develop. The subgrade shall not be muddy or otherwise unsatisfactory when the foundation course is laid upon it.
D. 
Any soft or unstable portions of the subgrade which develop under the roller shall be completely excavated and removed from the right-of-way and shall be replaced with acceptable granular materials and the area regraded and compacted as above.
E. 
Fine grade shall conform to the prescribed width of pavement and shall extend equidistant from the center line of the road right-of-way and shall conform to the typical cross section of the road pavement and to the approved line and grade.
A. 
After the fine grade and all curbs have been constructed to the satisfaction of the Director of Public Works, the developer shall furnish and place a foundation course of approved run-of-bank gravel, shale, crusher-run stone or crusher-run gravel to the depths as called for in these specifications. All materials acceptable for this course shall be hard, durable and sound and shall be well-graded from course to fine. Not more than 70% by weight shall pass the No. 40 mesh sieve, and not more than 10% by weight shall pass the No. 200 mesh sieve. Soil samples from the stockpile of foundation course material should be certified by a licensed engineer as meeting specifications, with copies of the results sent to the Director of Public Works.
B. 
The materials shall be placed on the finished subgrade by means of mechanical spreaders and shall be thoroughly compacted by rolling with a self-propelled ten-ton roller. Water shall be added to the materials in such amounts as the Director of Public Works may consider necessary for proper compaction. After compaction, the course shall be true to grade and cross sections, and any depressions shall be eliminated by the use of additional granular materials thoroughly rolled in place. In all cases, the foundation course must be so thoroughly compacted that it will not weave under the roller.
A. 
After the foundation course has been completed as the applicable sections of these specifications dictate and to the satisfaction of the Director of Public Works, the developer shall construct a base course of clean, dry, one-and-one-half-inch crushed stone. The stone shall be evenly spread by means of an approved mechanical spreader in such quantities that, after being compacted with a ten-ton roller, the thickness of the course shall be as called for in these specifications. Since it is imperative that this course conform accurately to the line, grade and cross section specified and as called for on the plans, the developer shall set up pins and lines or other controlled devices to attain the desired accuracy. Rolling shall begin at the sides or curbline and continue toward the center and shall continue until there is no movement of the course ahead of the roller.
B. 
After the stone base course has been completed and only between the dates of May 15 and October 31, and when the stone is dry and clean and free of frost and the atmospheric temperature is above 50° F., bituminous material shall be applied to the base course by means of a pressure distributor at a rate of not less than 1/2 gallon of bituminous material per square yard per inch of compacted thickness of stone, but in no event less than two gallons per square yard. Bituminous material shall be 100 to 120 penetration paving asphalt heated to a temperature of 275° F. to 350° F. and shall conform to the latest New York State Department of Public Works Specifications for Item 64P. Immediately after the application of the bituminous material and while the liquid is still warm and in tacky condition, the surface of the base course shall be filled with clean, dry five-eighths-inch stone, after which it shall be thoroughly rolled with a self-propelled ten-ton roller. Additional stone shall be applied and broomed about the surface during rolling until all voids in the surface of the stone base course are completely filled. Rolling shall continue until the stone cover is thoroughly keyed in the bitumen. Surplus stone shall then be removed from the surface.
A. 
Between November 1 and May 14, with the prior written approval of the Director of Public Works, one of the two following alternate base courses may be substituted for the penetrated macadam base course specified above.
(1) 
Stone- or sand-filled base course. Under this alternate, the developer shall increase by 20% the compacted thickness of the one-and-one-half-inch crushed stone base specified for penetration macadam base course. After the stone base course is thoroughly compacted, stone screenings or washed concrete sand shall be uniformly spread upon the surface in sufficient quantities to fill the voids in the stone base course and shall be swept into the voids by means of a gang-drag broom or by hand and then the base thoroughly rolled with a ten-ton roller. Additional stone screening or sand shall be added and broomed about the surface until the voids in the stone base are filled to the satisfaction of the Director of Public Works. Water shall be sprayed on the surface if, in the opinion of the Director of Public Works, further consolidation or filling of the base can be effectuated. Care shall be exercised to ensure that the voids in the stone base are completely filled, but the quantities of stone screenings or sand used and the operation of filling and rolling shall not be such as to cause floating of the coarse aggregate. All surplus filler shall be removed from the base course surface until the top surface of the coarse aggregate is exposed. If for any reason the subgrade or foundation course materials shall become churned up into or mixed with the stone base course, the developer shall remove such mixture and replace it with clean crushed stone thoroughly compacted and properly filled as above.
(2) 
Asphaltic concrete base course. Under this alternate, the developer shall substitute an asphaltic concrete base course equal in compacted thickness to that specified for penetration macadam base course. After the foundation course has been completed to the satisfaction of the Director of Public Works, asphaltic concrete conforming to the current specifications of the New York State Department of Public Works of 1957 for item 45SX, Bottom Course Asphaltic Concrete Type 1A, shall be uniformly spread by a self-propelled mechanical spreader equipped with tamping bars and a heating unit and in sufficient depth so as to provide a finished compacted thickness after rolling equal to that specified for penetration macadam base course. The base material in place shall be thoroughly rolled with a ten-ton roller.
B. 
No trucking or construction traffic shall be permitted on any base course until the wearing surface has been constructed.
A. 
After the stone or asphaltic concrete base course has been completed to the satisfaction of the Director of Public Works, a two-course bituminous concrete wearing course shall be constructed conforming to the latest New York State Department of Public Works specifications of 1985 for Section 400, Bituminous Pavements.
B. 
After the base course has not been thoroughly cured and cleaned of all foreign material, a bituminous concrete binder course shall be uniformly spread by a self-propelled mechanical spreader equipped with tamping bars and a heating unit and in sufficient depth so as to provide a finished compacted thickness after rolling of not less than 1 1/2 inches. The course in place shall be thoroughly rolled with a ten-ton roller.
C. 
After the binder course has been completed and thoroughly cleaned of foreign material and a tack coat of asphalt emulsion applied to the surface at the rate of 1/10 to 1/20 gallon per square yard, in the event that the binder course has been subject to traffic for an extended period of time, a final wearing course of fine bituminous concrete shall be uniformly spread by a self-propelled mechanical spreader equipped with tamping bars and a heating unit and in sufficient depth so as to provide a finished compacted thickness after rolling of not less than one inch. The fine wearing course in place shall be thoroughly compacted with a two- or three-wheel tandem roller weighing approximately 10 tons.
D. 
Extreme care shall be exercised in the placing of bituminous concrete to ensure that all longitudinal joints shall be lapped in the placing of adjoining strips and that all lateral joints are trimmed before continuing with the placing of additional materials on that strip.
A. 
Six-inch Portland cement concrete curbs shall be constructed on both sides of the street as shown on Figure 2, 3, 4 or 5 and to the dimensions and specifications shown on Figure 8.[1]
[1]
Editor's Note: Figures 2, 3, 4, 5 and 8 are on file in the Village Clerk's office.
B. 
Three-inch porous tile shall be laid in coarse, washed sand under all curbs as shown on Figure 8.[2] This underdrain pipe, meeting New York State Department of Transportation Item No. 605-2.01, shall be so graded that any water under the curbs will drain to the nearest catch basin where the underdrain shall be connected as shown on Figure 7.[3]
[2]
Editor's Note: Figure 8 is on file in the Village Clerk's office.
[3]
Editor's Note: Figure 7 is on file in the Village Clerk's office.
C. 
Concrete shall be finished and cured to the satisfaction of the Director of Public Works. The developer shall, at his own expense, replace any curbing damaged before dedication and any curb which proves defective or is damaged by his operations during the one-year maintenance period.[4]
[4]
Editor's Note: The former section entitled "Driveways," which immediately followed this section, was repealed 5-4-1992 by L.L. No. 1-1992.
A. 
The developer shall construct all driveway entrances according to the dimensions and specifications shown on:
(1) 
Figure 9, Commercial and Industrial Type Streets.[1]
[1]
Editor's Note: Figure 9 is on file in the Village Clerk's office.
(2) 
Figure 10, Plan of Driveway Entrance on Through and Suburban Streets.[2]
[2]
Editor's Note: Figure 10 is on file in the Village Clerk's office.
(3) 
Figure 11, Driveway Entrance on a Rural Street.[3]
[3]
Editor's Note: Figure 11 is on file in the Village Clerk's office.
B. 
All entrance construction shall be finished and cured to the satisfaction of the Director of Public Works.
C. 
All necessary driveway entrances within the subdivision shall be constructed at the time of construction of the curbs.
In a district where sidewalks are intended, the developer shall construct four-inch-thick reinforced Portland cement concrete sidewalks on both sides of streets as shown on Figures 2, 3 and 4.[1] Concrete shall be of a 1:2:3 mix, air-entranced with Durex or equal, one course, properly screened and finished to true grade with wooden float, and shall be cured, all to the satisfaction of the Director of Public Works.
[1]
Editor's Note: Figures 2, 3 and 4 are on file in the Village Clerk's office.
The developer shall construct all street intersections in accordance with Figure 12, except in the case of a new street intersecting an existing narrow road, when it shall be modified as shown on Figure 13.[1]
[1]
Editor's Note: Figures 12 and 13 are on file in the Village Clerk's office.
The developer shall furnish and install a four-way street name sign at every street intersection made by the streets he constructs. Signs and posts shall conform to the standards established by the Village Board.
Where surface water must be lead through other than right-of-way gutters and storm drains or existing stream channels, drainage easements having a minimum width of 15 feet shall be provided in the approved plans. A width greater than 15 feet shall be provided where called for by other provisions of these specifications.
A. 
With the approval of the Director of Public Works and/or the Village Engineer, open ditches may be used in lieu of storm drain pipes when the grade of the land traversed is flat or when it is desirable to drain and dry up the surrounding area.
B. 
Open ditches shall be constructed in accordance with Figure 14[1] of these specifications, but in no case shall the grade of an open ditch exceed 3%. Riprap, when called for, shall consist of field stone or rough, unhewn quarry stones as nearly cubical in form as is practicable, placed upon a slope not steeper than 1:2 and so laid that the weight of the large stone is carried by the soil and not by the stone adjacent. All stone shall weigh between 50 and 150 pounds each, and at least 60% of them shall weigh more than 100 pounds each.
[1]
Editor's Note: Figure 14 is on file in the Village Clerk's office.
C. 
The largest stones shall be placed first, roughly arranged and in close contact. The spaces between the larger stones shall be filled with spalls of suitable size.
D. 
Whenever a drainpipe enters an open ditch, the bottom and sides of the ditch shall be riprapped for a distance of at least 30 feet beyond the end of the pipe.
Roof and cellar ditches shall in no case be allowed to flow onto the street right-of-way. With the approval of the Director of Public Works and the Village Engineer in writing, these drains may be piped to the street stormwater pipe drain, to which they shall be connected on top only. Such drains must be installed prior to the start of fine grading of the streets.
Wherever a temporary or permanent dead end is allowed on a subdivision street, a turnaround shall be constructed. This turnaround shall take the form of a tee or a circle as required by the Village Planning Board and shall be constructed as shown on Figures 17 and 18.[1] The temporary type of construction shall be used only when authorized by the Village Planning Board because of the foreseeable future extension of the street. The circular shaped turnaround shall be completely paved with no center island.
[1]
Editor's Note: Figures 17 and 18 are on file in the Village Clerk's office.
Streets shall be so designed that finished tangent grades will not be less than 1% nor more than 10%. Every change in grade shall be effected with a vertical curve of sufficient length to ensure adequate stopping sight distance and to provide for smooth transition. These vertical curves shall be designed in accordance with the graph shown on Figure 19[1] of these specifications, which is taken from New York State standards for speeds of 30 miles per hour.
[1]
Editor's Note: Figure 19 is on file in the Village Clerk's office.
The final decision as to the interpretation of any part of these street specifications shall rest with the Director of Public Works. He shall have the authority to modify the requirements of these specifications when, in his opinion, conditions make it impractical to follow the strict letter of these specifications or when conditions make it unnecessary to do so, such as, for example:
A. 
When a storm drain meets or follows an existing brook so that a one-percent grade cannot be obtained without unreasonable channel changes, the Director of Public Works may allow a grade of less than 1%, provided that the pipe size is adequately increased.
B. 
When the subbase of a street or road is already composed of an acceptable granular material, the Director of Public Works may waive or modify the requirement of a foundation course.
C. 
When the existing soil under the concrete curb is already composed of a sufficiently porous material to ensure a proper underdraining of the pavement, the Director of Public Works may waive or modify the requirements for curb underdrains.