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Borough of State College, PA
Centre County
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[Ord. 1325, 4/19/1991, Section 1]
The use of streets within the residential neighborhoods for the parking of vehicles by persons using adjacent governmental, commercial, educational, industrial and transit areas results in hazardous traffic conditions, the over-burdening of parking on certain neighborhood streets and the inability of residents in many neighborhoods to obtain adequate parking adjacent to or close by their places of residence.
Recognizing these detriments, the Council, by this Ordinance, hereby announces its intent to systematically reduce and eventually eliminate vehicles parked for business purposes on certain residential neighborhood streets. The Council further recognizes that the public purpose will be best served if a systematic approach is used that will incrementally reduce the number of vehicles parked during business hours for business purposes in residential neighborhoods. Reduction must be accomplished in a manageable way so that displaced business parkers, hereafter referred to as commuter parkers, may find reasonable alternative parking or transportation options and that the impact on the overall balance of parking in the Borough will be minimal to those affected with time afforded for adjustment.{70}
Additionally, Council recognizes that given the present parking demand within the Borough, which includes the central campus area of the Pennsylvania State University, free parking close in to the downtown and central campus is no longer feasible. Providing and maintaining public parking is an expensive enterprise that in the most equitable circumstance should be substantially paid for by those who benefit most from it rather than by the public in general. Residents of neighborhoods pay taxes and other assessments needed by the Borough to maintain and police residential streets.
Yet, because of the extensive commuter parking, neighborhood residents are frequently unable to reasonably enjoy the benefit of parking on the street themselves while they nevertheless pay the cost of maintaining this form of public parking reserve. Alternatively, commuter parkers are generally nonresidents of the Borough and are not subject to Borough taxes and assessments.
Thus, commuter parkers contribute little toward the cost of maintaining this public parking reserve, while they are the most frequent users. To mitigate this inequity, the Council herein establishes a permit parking fee differential between residents and nonresidents of the parking districts.
[Ord. 1325, 4/19/1991, Section 1]
RESIDENT (Commuter and Residential District)
A person residing permanently or continuously for a period exceeding 60 consecutive days within the residential or commuter parking districts, as established herein.
[Ord. 1325, 4/19/1991, Section 1; amended by Ord. 1339, 7/9/1991, Section 5; Ord. 1353, 10/28/1991, Section 3]
Council is hereby authorized to designate the residential parking districts and to establish the parking restrictions (i.e. days, hours, exemptions, as well as applicable permit fees therein). In residential parking districts, parking without a permit in excess of two hours between 6:00 a.m. and 6:00 p.m., prevailing time, Monday through Friday, except on enumerated holidays, is expressly prohibited.
Pursuant to this ordinance, a resident of a residential district may purchase a residential parking permit, which, when appropriately displayed on a vehicle in accordance with regulations established by the Borough, will exempt the vehicle from all two-hour parking restrictions in the residential district for which the permit is designated. The permit shall not exempt vehicles parked in deference to any other parking restrictions posted on streets within the designated district. Only a resident may purchase a permit for that district. The "R" residential district is designated as those properties shaded and shown on Exhibits A{55} and C{56} [included as an addendum to this chapter] and the "R1" residential district is designated as those properties shaded and shown on Exhibit D{57} [included as an addition to this chapter], all being maps of those portions of the Borough of State College and herein made a part of this legislation.
[Ord. 1325, 4/19/1991, Section 1; amended by Ord. 1368, 4/23/1992, Section 4; Ord. 1641, 11/28/2000]
Council is hereby authorized to designate the Commuter Parking District and to establish the parking restrictions (e.g. days, hours and exemptions, as well as the applicable fees therein). In the Commuter Parking District, parking without a permit in excess of one hour, between 5:15 a.m. and 6:00 p.m., prevailing time, Monday through Friday, except on enumerated holidays, is expressly prohibited.
Pursuant to this ordinance, a person who is a nonresident of the Commuter District may purchase a permit (designated as a Commuter Parking Permit) which, when appropriately displayed on a vehicle in accordance with regulations established by the Borough, will permit the vehicle to be parked beyond the one-hour parking time limit on any street within the Commuter District where parking is not otherwise restricted. A person who is a resident of the Commuter District may purchase a permit (designated as a Residential/Commuter Parking Permit) when, when appropriately displayed on a vehicle in accordance with regulations established by the Borough, will permit the vehicle to be parked beyond the one-hour parking time limit on any street within the Commuter District where parking is not otherwise restricted.
The Commuter District is designated as those properties shaded and shown on Exhibit B{60}, a map of that portion of the Borough of State College and herein made a part of this ordinance.
[Ord. 1325, 4/19/1991, Section 1]
Application for residential, commuter and residential/commuter parking permits shall be made on forms provided by the Borough and shall include proof of identity, proof of residency and such other reasonable information that is deemed necessary by the Borough to issue and control such permits. Permits shall be displayed or affixed to vehicles in a fashion deemed appropriate by the Borough as administratively determined by the Borough Manager or designee.
[Ord. 1325, 4/19/1991, Section 1; amended by Ord. 1613, 1/18/2000; Ord. 1807, 12/22/2004, Section 4; Ord. 1914, 12/15/2008, Section 25]
The fees for permits in the residential and commuter parking districts shall be set by resolution of Council from time to time.
[Ord. 1325, 4/19/1991, Section 1]
All money received from the purchase of parking permit fees shall be allocated to appropriate funds established by the Borough to manage, administer and enforce the parking program or to create additional facilities, as needed, in response to the objective of removing commuter parking during business hours from residential streets.
[Ord. 1325, 4/19/1991, Section 1]
Whereas the expressed purpose of this ordinance is to incrementally reduce and eliminate commuter parking during business hours on residential streets, Council recognizes the need to periodically review those factors that will affect reducing the size of the district. These include factors such as the parking demand in the commuter parking district; availability of alternative parking, both private and public, outside of residential areas; as well as the advent or further development of transportation alternatives. Accordingly, Council hereby charges the Borough Manager (or designee) to prepare a staff report assessing parking conditions within the Borough along with appropriate recommendations for further reducing commuter parking on residential streets. Such report and recommendation shall be made to Council not less than semi-annually. Thereafter, Council shall review such recommendation in a public hearing and may modify this ordinance and other ordinances appropriately to further implement reduction of commuter parking in residential areas.