City of Bridgman, MI
Berrien County
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Table of Contents
Table of Contents
Any subdivision or condominium project approved, any other development subject to the development standards, and any contractor or developer intending to construct improvements which are addressed in the development standards shall comply with the requirements set forth in these development standards. Developers shall construct all public improvements to these specifications and cause the completed public improvements to be dedicated to the City. All private improvements, whether or not intended to be dedicated to the City, shall also comply with the requirements set forth in these development standards unless otherwise stipulated by the City Council. Private improvements shall remain under the ownership of the developer or appropriate form of owners' association and shall be continuously maintained. The City is not obligated to assume any responsibility for or ownership of private improvements made by developers and retained by the developer or dedicated to an appropriate owners' association.
A. 
Site development plans. Site development plans shall include the following information:
(1) 
A vicinity map, in sufficient detail to enable easy location in the field of the site for which plat approval is sought, and including the boundary line and approximate acreage of the site, and a legend and scale.
(2) 
A plan of the site, showing:
(a) 
Existing topography of the site and adjacent land within approximately 100 feet of the boundaries, drawn at no greater than two-foot contour intervals and clearly portraying the information and drainage pattern of the area.
(b) 
The location of existing buildings, structures, utilities, water bodies, floodplains, drainage facilities, vegetative cover, paved areas and other significant natural or man-made features on the site and adjacent land within approximately 100 feet of the boundary.
(c) 
A general description of the predominant soil types on the site, their location and their limitations for the proposed use.
(d) 
Proposed use of the site, including present development and planned utilization; areas of excavation, grading and filling; proposed contours finished grades and street profiles; provisions for storm drainage; including the control of accelerated runoff, with a drainage area map and computations; locations of utilities; and areas and acreage proposed to be paved, covered, sodded or seeded, vegetatively stabilized or left undisturbed.
(e) 
The proposed phasing of development of the site, including stripping and clearing, rough grading and construction, and final grading and landscaping. Phasing shall identify the expected date on which clearing will begin, the estimated duration of exposure of cleared areas, and the sequence of clearing, installation of temporary sediment control measures, installation of storm drainage, paving streets and parking areas, and establishment of permanent vegetative cover.
B. 
Lot grading. Lot grading plans shall include the following;
(1) 
All developments shall provide lot grading in conformance with the City Building Code and these development standards.
(2) 
Except for approved detention and/or retention basins, grading of all lots within the City shall be accomplished in such a manner as to prevent ponding in excess of 18 inches in the event of a complete failure of the storm sewer system. Parking lots shall be graded such that no ponding in excess of 12 inches occurs in the event of a complete failure of the storm sewer.
(3) 
Grading shall be completed on each lot such that overland water flow is directed away from all sides of the foundation. Unless otherwise approved by the Building Inspector or City Engineer, all grades on a lot shall be a minimum of 1% and a maximum of 10%, except within critical dune-designated areas for which a maximum grade of 33% shall be allowed. If steeper slopes are approved, sodding, retaining walls or other special treatments may be required to protect the slopes.
(4) 
Finished driveway grades on all lots, as measured from the grade at the property line to the finished garage floor, shall be a minimum of 1% and a maximum of 8%.
(5) 
Grading plans shall be submitted for all subdivision and condominium development projects. The grading plan shall indicate existing grades within 100 feet of the development. Prior to final approval and acceptance of public improvements, a grading plan shall be submitted and sealed by a professional engineer or registered land surveyor. In cases where individual lot grading is not completed at the time of final acceptance or where public improvements are not required, grading plans for the lots shall be submitted and approved prior to building permits being issued. Top of foundation shall be set for each lot within the subdivision and specified on the subdivision drawings and shall be, at least, one foot greater in elevation than the final elevation of the street surface of the street fronting the lot. The Building Inspector shall approve any and all variances as part of the individual lot grading and building plans.
C. 
Erosion and sedimentation control. Erosion and sedimentation control plan shall include the following:
(1) 
Except as provided herein, no plat of subdivision or condominium development plan shall be approved unless the plat or plan and accompanying materials indicate that measures to be taken to control erosion and sedimentation will be adequate to assure that sediment is not transported from the site by a temporary increase in runoff from any storm event and that the following principles will be applicable to all development activities in the project area:
(a) 
Development shall be related to the topography and soils of the site so as to create the least potential for erosion. Areas of steep slopes where high cuts and fills may be required should be avoided wherever possible, and natural contours should be followed as closely as possible.
(b) 
Natural vegetation shall be retained and protected wherever possible. Areas immediately adjacent to natural watercourses, lakes, ponds, and wetlands should be left undisturbed wherever possible.
(c) 
The smallest practical area of land shall be exposed for the shortest practical time during development.
(d) 
Sediment basins, debris basins, desilting basins, or silt traps or filters shall be installed and maintained to remove sediment from runoff waters for any land undergoing development.
(e) 
The selection of erosion and sedimentation control measures shall be based on assessment of the probable frequency of climatic and other events likely to contribute to erosion and on evaluation of the risks, costs and benefits involved.
(f) 
In the design of erosion control facilities and practices, aesthetics and the requirements of continuing maintenance shall be considered.
(g) 
Provision shall be made to accommodate the increased runoff caused by changed soil and surface conditions during and after development. Drainageways should be designed so that their final gradients and resultant velocities of discharges will not create additional erosion and should be protected against erosion and sedimentation during development.
(h) 
Permanent vegetation and structures shall be installed as soon as practical during development.
(2) 
All developments, whether public or private, shall include a plan for soil erosion and sedimentation control in accordance with requirements of the State of Michigan Soil and Sedimentation Control Act[1] as administered by the Berrien County Drain Commissioner and the provisions set forth herein:
(a) 
Erosion and sediment control due to runoff, equipment leaving and entering a construction site, wind, etc., is required for all construction in the City. Site engineering for projects shall therefore contain an erosion control plan. The plan shall conform to applicable state, county and City laws, ordinances and regulations.
(b) 
All storage of soil stockpiles shall conform with the provisions of the soil erosion and sedimentation control permit and other regulations of the Berrien County Drain Commissioner.
(c) 
Erosion control measures shall be used which include but are not limited to sediment basins, diversion channels, stone haul roads at all construction entrances and pavement cleaning operations, silt fences, straw bales, and any other measure necessary or as directed by the City Engineer.
(d) 
Straw bale or silt fence filters are required around inlet structures, catch basins and manholes and can be used as site runoff filters if the tributary drainage area is less than one acre. Straw bales and silt fences shall be inspected weekly and after rainfall event in excess of 1/2 inch to determine required repairs and/or replacement. As a minimum, straw bales are to be replaced every three months or as required by the City Engineer. If tributary drainage areas are greater than one acre, sediment basins shall be constructed in addition to using straw bales and silt fences.
(e) 
Seeding mixtures and rates, types of sod, method of seedbed preparation, expected seeding dates, type and rate of lime and fertilizer application, and kind and quality of mulching for both temporary and permanent vegetative control measures shall be subject to approval by the City Engineer.
(f) 
Provisions for maintenance of control facilities, including easements and estimates of the cost of maintenance, shall be included.
(g) 
At the completion of any project, storm sewers, gutters, etc., will be inspected by the City to determine any cleaning or flushing of trapped sediment which may be required due to erosion. The responsibility for the completion of such work lies with the developer.
(h) 
Identification of the persons(s) or entity which will have legal responsibility for maintenance of erosion control structures and measures after development is completed shall be provided.
(i) 
The City Engineer may waive specific requirements for the content of submissions upon finding that the information submitted is sufficient to show that the work will comply with above requirements.
[1]
Editor's Note: See MCLA § 324.9101 et seq.
D. 
Dust control. The developer and contractors shall use a water wagon or other acceptable means on the project site to control dust, at minimum of once each day during the dry conditions or more frequently as directed by the City Engineer. All streets used by the developer, contractors or suppliers in or adjacent to the development shall be kept free of debris, dirt, dust, and mud. Streets shall be left in a clean condition at the end of each day's work. Developers and contractors who fail to keep streets clean shall be responsible for street cleaning expenses incurred by the City.
Subdivisions and developments within the City shall be designed and constructed in accordance with the following standards:
A. 
Public right-of-way. The standards set forth in these development standards shall be the minimum standards for streets, roads, and intersections. The arrangement, character, extent, width, grade and location of all streets shall conform to these development standards and the Amended Comprehensive Plan as adopted by the City Planning Commission and City Council. They shall be considered in their relation to existing and planned streets, topographic conditions, public convenience and safety, and in their appropriate relation to proposed uses of the land to be served. All public streets shall be completely improved to the full width of the right-of-way. All street improvements shall be extended to the boundaries of the subdivision or condominium development.
B. 
General street layout and design.
(1) 
The arrangement of streets shall either:
(a) 
Provide for the continuation of existing streets within the surrounding area; or
(b) 
Conform to a plan for the adjacent area adapted to meet a particular situation where topographical or other conditions make continuance or conformance to existing streets impracticable.
(2) 
Local streets shall be so designed to discourage through traffic.
(3) 
When any parcel or part of a parcel is adjacent to only one side of an existing right-of-way which is less than the width required by the development standards or the Official Map, the applicant shall dedicate additional right-of-way to meet the specifications of these development standards.
(4) 
Half streets are not permitted.
(5) 
Where adjoining areas are not developed, the arrangement of streets in a new subdivision or condominium development shall be extended to the boundary line of the tract to make provision for the future projection of streets into adjacent areas.
C. 
Right-of-way widths. All public streets shall be designed and developed in accordance with the standards set forth in the following table, Minimum Standards for Street and Roadway Design.
Minimum Standards for Street and Roadway Design
Street
Right-of-Way Width
(feet)
Pavement Width to Edge of Pavement
(feet)
Street Width to Back of Curb
(feet)
Radius of Horizontal Curves
(feet)
Max. Gradient
(percent)
Min. Gradient
(percent)
Clear Minimum Sight Distance
(feet)
Industrial
80
32
36
300
5%
0.4
200
Local, including cul-de-sac1
66
32
36
150
7%
0.4
200
Rolled curbs may be permitted except at intersections having full-height curb construction.
D. 
Intersections and offsets. The arrangements of streets shall conform to the following:
(1) 
Streets shall intersect at 90° whenever possible. No two streets shall intersect at an angle of less than 75°. An oblique street should be curved approaching an intersection and should be at right angles for a minimum of 100 feet therefrom.
(2) 
No more than two streets shall intersect at any one point.
(3) 
Proposed intersections along one side of an existing street shall, whenever practicable, coincide with any existing intersections on the opposite side of such street. Street or driveway jogs with center line offsets of less than 150 feet shall not be permitted and jogs with center line offsets of less than 225 feet between local and collector or arterial streets shall be discouraged, except where the intersected street or driveway has separate dual drives without median breaks at either intersection.
(4) 
Intersections shall have minimum curb radius of 25 feet for minor streets, 30 feet for collector streets, and 40 feet for arterials.
(5) 
When an existing lot's only access is from an arterial street, the intersection of a proposed driveway with the arterial street may require the installation of acceleration/deceleration lanes along the arterial street to provide for vehicular safety.
(6) 
A clear line of sight shall be provided at all intersections as required by these standards and other City ordinances.
E. 
Culs-de-sac. Culs-de-sac may be permitted in subdivisions and condominium developments where land availability, site planning, or traffic control purposes determine a through street is not practicable, according to the following specifications:
(1) 
The maximum length of a cul-de-sac shall be 800 feet as measured from its origin with the right-of-way of the intersecting street through the center point of the bulb to the end of the right-of-way.
(2) 
The bulb of a cul-de-sac shall have a minimum right-of-way of 120 feet in diameter or, if offset, 110 feet in diameter.
(3) 
The bulb of a cul-de-sac shall have a minimum pavement diameter of 90 feet.
(4) 
A maximum of five lots shall have frontage on the bulb of a cul-de-sac.
F. 
State or county approvals. Any construction within or changes to rights-of-way under the jurisdiction of the State of Michigan or County of Berrien Road Commission shall require the approval of that jurisdiction in addition to City Council approval before any construction is allowed to begin.
G. 
Street names. The selection of names for streets within any subdivision shall conform to the following:
(1) 
Streets that are extensions of, or in alignment with, existing streets shall bear the name of the existing street. All new street names shall be approved by the City Council.
(2) 
The developer shall prepare a plan for approval and install, at the developer's expense, street signs at the intersection of any two streets to identify all streets. Signs and poles shall be of a type, dimension, color, height, and location as required by the City. It is a policy of the City to require the minimum number of sign posts to accommodate required signage.
H. 
Pavement design and specifications. The arrangement, character, extent, width, grade and location of all streets to be dedicated to the public, all parking lots and all private streets shall be compatible and complementary to existing planned streets, to reasonable circulation of traffic within any development and adjoining convenience and safety, and in their relations to the proposed uses of the area to be served. All traffic intersections and confluences must encourage safe and efficient traffic flow.
(1) 
Design references. All pavements shall be designed in accordance with one or more of the following references as they apply:
(a) 
Michigan Department of Transportation Standard Specifications for Construction, 1996 edition, as converted to English units.
(b) 
The City development standards.
(2) 
Pavement design.
(a) 
All pavement shall be designed in accordance with the following specifications. A copy of all specifications shall be submitted to the City Engineer for review and approval and a duplicate copy shall be submitted to the Street Superintendent and Building Inspector.
Structural Requirements
Minimum Section Thickness Bituminous
Bituminous Wearing Course
(inches)
Bituminous Leveling Course
(inches)
Aggregate Base
(inches)
Collector streets in all nonresidential districts
1.5
2
7
Collector streets within residential districts
1.5
2
7
Culs-de-sac and local streets in all nonresidential districts
1.5
2
7
Culs-de-sac and local streets within residential districts
1.5
2
7
(b) 
Allowable pavement construction material and strength requirements shall be as indicated in the following table.
Allowable Pavement Construction Materials
Bituminous surface
Bituminous mixture: course aggregate, CALC, or equivalent
Bituminous leveling course:
Bituminous mixture: course aggregate, CALC, or equivalent
Equivalent alternative mixes shall be approved for use by the City Engineer
(c) 
Grades. Minimum gradient on streets shall be 0.4%. Maximum gradients on streets and minimum and maximum gradient on driveways shall be:
[1] 
Minor streets: 7% maximum.
[2] 
All other streets: 5% maximum.
[3] 
Residential driveway: 1% minimum, 8% maximum.
[4] 
All other driveways: 1% minimum, 6% maximum.
(d) 
Vertical and horizontal curves. Vertical and horizontal curves shall be designed and constructed using the latest AASHTO design manual.
(e) 
Curb and gutter. Combination curb and gutter meeting MDOT detail C-4 or Berrien County rolled curb and gutter specifications shall be constructed on both sides of all streets as approved by the City Engineer. Depressed curbs shall be provided at all driveways, for the C-4 curb type. Intersection sidewalk crossings shall be ramped for the handicapped.
(f) 
Re-bar required. Provide and install minimum two grade 60, No. 4 rebars, ten feet long, over all utility trenches. All curb and gutter shall be marked with a "W" stamp for water service locations, "S" for sanitary sewer services and "V" for water valve before concrete is set for storm drain/sump pump hookup.
(g) 
Pavement construction. All pavements shall be tested during construction in accordance with current MDOT specifications and the requirements of the City Engineer.
(h) 
Driveways and parking areas. All driveways shall be constructed in accordance with:
[1] 
Driveways for single-family residential buildings shall be a minimum of 12 feet in width for one-car garages and a minimum of 24 feet in width for two-car garages as measured at the right-of-way line. The maximum width of driveways when measured at the property line in residential areas shall not exceed 24 feet, except in cases of houses with three-car garages facing the street; in an R-1 Zoning District, the driveway width at the property line may be increased to 32 feet. A recommendation from the Planning Commission and approval from the City Council are required for more than one driveway per lot.
[2] 
Driveways and parking areas for residential uses shall be constructed of:
[a] 
Minimum six-inch concrete with a minimum four-inch compacted aggregate base course, or
[b] 
Minimum one-inch bituminous surface course and one-and-one-half-inch bituminous leveling with a minimum six-inch compacted aggregate base course.
[3] 
Commercial and industrial driveways and parking areas shall have a width equal to the approved driveway width at the property line. The driveway approach shall have a minimum twenty-foot radius return at the street and shall be constructed of:
[a] 
Minimum six-inch concrete with a minimum four-inch compacted aggregate base course; or
[b] 
Minimum one-inch bituminous surface course and one-and-one-half-inch bituminous leveling course with a minimum eight-inch compacted aggregate base course.
[4] 
Commercial and industrial driveways and parking areas, or when, in the opinion of the Zoning Administrator, the driveway and parking area will be required to support heavy loads, shall have a minimum twenty-foot radius return at the street. Where larger equipment (semitrucks) are in use, the radius return may be increased to 35 feet to prevent damage to the parkway. The driveway shall be constructed of:
[a] 
Minimum six-inch concrete with a minimum eight-inch compacted aggregate base course; or
[b] 
Minimum one-and-one-half-inch bituminous surface and one-and-one-half-inch bituminous leveling course with a minimum eight-inch compacted aggregate base course.
[5] 
Any open off-street loading berths, loading areas or areas intended to be used for dumpsters, the parking of semitrailers without tractor attached or other heavy concentrated loads shall be constructed of:
[a] 
Minimum six-inch concrete with a minimum eight-inch compacted aggregate base course.
[b] 
All concrete for driveways and parking areas shall meet the current specifications of the MDOT, as determined by the City Engineer.
[c] 
All such areas shall be screened from view as required by City zoning[1] and other applicable ordinances.
[1]
Editor's Note: Consult the City for current zoning regulations.
I. 
Sidewalks.
(1) 
When and where constructed. Sidewalks shall be provided within all developments. Sidewalks shall be constructed along both sides of all streets unless otherwise approved by the City Council and shall be five feet in width. Sidewalks shall be located within the public right-of-way one foot from the right-of-way line.
(2) 
Construction standards. All sidewalks shall be constructed to conform with the following:
(a) 
Sidewalks shall conform to the requirements of MDOT Standard Specifications for Construction, 1996 edition, as converted to English units, except as provided herein, and the development standards.
(b) 
Sidewalks shall be a minimum of four inches thick, except at driveways where the thickness shall be a minimum of six inches, and such sidewalk shall run through all driveways.
(c) 
Control joints shall be placed at five-foot spacings, and appropriate expansion joints shall be provided according to MDOT standard specifications.
(d) 
Sidewalks shall be placed on a minimum four-inch-thick, well-compacted sand subbase course.
J. 
Bike paths.
(1) 
Construction standards. Whenever constructed within the City, bike paths shall conform to the following standards:
(a) 
Bike paths shall be a minimum eight feet in width to provide for two-way traffic.
(b) 
The minimum construction of any bike path shall consist of a six-inch-thick, Type B aggregate base course with a two-inch-thick bituminous surface course.
(c) 
Bike paths shall have removable posts placed at all locations necessary to prevent vehicular traffic from entering the paths.
(d) 
Construction of any bike path shall conform to the MDOT Standard Specifications for Construction, 1996 edition, as converted to English units, except as provided herein, and the development standards.
(e) 
Bicycle lanes shall be appropriately marked and striped.
All construction on private property in a subdivision or development shall conform to the requirements stated herein. No private improvements may be considered for future acceptance by the City unless constructed in accordance with the specifications of this § 470-55.
A. 
Parking lots.
(1) 
All parking lots shall be designed in conformance with:
(a) 
The zoning ordinance.[1]
[1]
Editor's Note: Consult the City for current zoning regulations.
(b) 
These development standards.
(c) 
Recommendations of the City Engineer.
(2) 
Combination concrete curb and gutter or concrete barrier curb shall be constructed around the perimeter of all parking lots and around all islands within parking lots.
(3) 
Striping of the pavement surface to define each parking stall is required except for single-family dwellings, and such striping shall be a minimum of four inches wide for the length of the stall. All areas designed as fire lanes and/or "No Parking" shall be painted with yellow stripes.
(4) 
Any location within parking lots intended for storage of trash containers exceeding 2.0 cubic yards' capacity shall be constructed of concrete rather than bituminous surface as provided in § 470-54 and shall be enclosed with an approved screen or enclosure.
B. 
Driveways.
(1) 
Design. All driveway designs shall be consistent with the projected traffic volume and type of roadway, and shall be subject to the review and approval of the City. All driveways shall meet the minimum standards of the zoning ordinance and these development standards. Driveway design shall be based upon a maximum of 12 feet per lane. Any driveway designed for three or more lanes shall be striped or divided; as approved by the City Engineer.
(2) 
Construction. Driveways within a site shall be constructed to the minimum specifications as provided in § 470-54. Driveways with high volumes of truck traffic or other heavy loads shall be increased appropriately.
C. 
Sidewalks. Sidewalks shall be constructed where pedestrian and vehicular traffic may conflict on private streets and where necessary to provide access from parking areas to buildings. Sidewalks shall have a minimum clear width of five feet and shall conform to the requirements for public sidewalks as provided in § 470-54.
D. 
Bike paths. Whenever constructed, bike paths shall comply with the requirements provided in § 470-54J, Bike paths.
E. 
Easements. Easements shall be required for any development in order to provide for placement of public utilities, protection of residential uses, continuity of waterways, flow and storage of stormwater runoff, and pedestrian access. Easements shall be located whenever necessary to ensure these objectives and shall be subject to use, design, and location conditions stated in § 470-56D, Easements.
F. 
Sight triangle. No improvements shall be placed, nor plant material allowed to grow, within the sight triangle so as to obstruct or limit the sight distance of motorists. Such a triangle shall have legs of 25 feet along the rights-of-way line when two streets intersect and 10 feet along the right-of-way line and the driveway edge when a street and a driveway intersect. The maximum height of any obstruction shall be three feet within the sight triangle, unless otherwise permitted by the zoning ordinance.
The design and layout of lots within any subdivision shall conform to the requirements stated in these development standards.
A. 
Blocks. The length, width, and shape of blocks shall be determined by the proposed uses, the zoning requirements of the City,[1] topography, and convenient access, circulation, control and safety of vehicular and pedestrian traffic.
(1) 
The maximum length of a block in a residential subdivision shall not exceed 1,200 feet. The minimum length shall be 330 feet.
(2) 
The width of any block shall be sufficient for two tiers of lots unless such block abuts an arterial street, watercourse, railroad right-of-way, shopping center, or major public facility, or such other use as approved by the City Council.
(3) 
Pedestrian crosswalks may be required, in a minimum ten-foot easement, through the center of blocks which exceed 1,000 feet in length or where necessary to provide access to arterial streets, shopping centers, or public facilities.
[1]
Editor's Note: Consult the City for current zoning regulations.
B. 
Lots. The size, width, depth, and shape of lots shall be appropriate for the location and type of development and use proposed and shall conform to the regulations set forth in the zoning ordinance and these development standards.
(1) 
Whenever possible, on all corner lots abutting an arterial street, access shall be prohibited to the arterial street.
(2) 
Lots abutting a watercourse, drainageway, channel or stream shall have a minimum width or depth required to provide an adequate building site.
(3) 
All lots shall have frontage on a public street.
(4) 
The minimum depth of any residential lot hereafter created shall conform to the front and rear lot setback requirements plus an adequate area for construction of the proposed principal permitted use and accessory uses as required by the terms of the applicable zoning ordinance district in which the lot resides.
(5) 
Side lot lines shall be substantially perpendicular to the right-of-way; however, lots on a cul-de-sac shall have side lot lines radial to the center of the cul-de-sac.
C. 
Setback lines. The subdivision shall conform with the following setback requirements:
(1) 
Required setbacks shall conform to the regulations set forth in the zoning ordinance district of which the property is located and set back dimensions shall be indicated on all plats of subdivision.
(2) 
For all corner lots, the minimum building setback shall be provided as prescribed in the City of Bridgman zoning ordinance.
D. 
Easements. Utility and other easements shall be provided, as follows:
(1) 
There shall be a dedicated easement with a minimum width of 20 feet at the front or rear of all lots, or 10 feet centered on adjacent rear lot lines, and a minimum of 10 feet in width where necessary along side lot lines to provide continuity for public utilities and/or drainage as determined by the City Engineer and in accordance with this chapter. In addition, due provision shall be made for extension of easements to adjacent property. Easements for water and sewer mains and sanitary sewer lines shall be a minimum of 20 feet in width.
(2) 
All utility easements shall be approved by the public utility companies, cable television franchises, and the City Council and shall be so indicated on any final plat.
(3) 
Easements for pedestrian access shall be a minimum of 10 feet in width.
(4) 
Where a subdivision is traversed by a watercourse, drainageway, channel or stream, a drainage easement shall be provided, conforming to the dimensions of such watercourse and such additional width as necessary for access and maintenance as required by the City Council.
(5) 
No building, structure, or other permanent obstruction shall be constructed upon any easement.
Conduits or cables shall be placed within easements or dedicated public ways in a manner which will not conflict with other underground services. Further, all transformer boxes shall be located so as not to be unsightly or hazardous to the public.