Township of Piscataway, NJ
Middlesex County
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Table of Contents
Table of Contents
[1972 Code § 15-1.1]
The owner of every existing house, building or structure, which is or may be occupied or used by human beings and which is located on a street along the lines of any sewer constructed in the Township shall, within 30 days after notice as herein provided, install a toilet in such house, building or structure, unless a toilet shall have been installed prior to the date of notice. The installation shall be connected to the sewerage system constructed by the Township in accordance with the rules and regulations of the Township or the sewerage utility.
[1972 Code § 15-1.2]
If any house, building or structure referred to in subsection 23-1.1 shall be used for industrial or commercial purposes the owner shall, within 30 days after notice as provided herein, install facilities as are necessary to accept and dispose of industrial wastes emanating therefrom and connect the facilities with the sewerage system in accordance with the rules and regulations promulgated by the Township Sewerage Utility or any board, body or agency thereof.
[1972 Code § 15-1.3]
If the owner of any house, building or structure shall fail to make any installation or connection required by this chapter within the time required, the Township or Sewerage Utility may proceed to make such installation or connection or cause the same to be made, and assess the costs thereof, as a lien against the house, building or structure, pursuant to N.J.S.A. 40:63-52 to 40:63-64, inclusive.
[1972 Code § 15-1.4]
a. 
Before proceeding to make any such connection or installation or awarding any contract, the Township Council or the Sewerage Utility shall cause notice of the connection or installation to be given to the owner of any properties affected thereby. The notice shall contain a description of the property affected, sufficiently definite in terms to identify it, as well as a description of the required connection or installation. If such connection and/or installation shall not be completed within 30 days after service of the notice, the Township shall proceed to make the connection or cause same to be done.
b. 
The notice may be served upon the owner resident in the Township in person, or by leaving it at his usual place of residence with a member of his family above the age of 14 years; or if any such owner shall not reside in the Township, the notice may be served upon him personally, or be mailed to his last known post office address, or it may be served upon the occupant of the property or upon the agent or the owner in charge thereof.
Notice to infant owners or owners of unsound mind shall be served upon their guardians. When lands are held in trust, service shall be made upon the trustee. When properties are held by two or more joint tenants, tenants in common, or tenants by the entirety, service upon one shall be sufficient and shall be deemed and taken as notice to all.
c. 
If the owner of any property is unknown, or service cannot for any reason be made as above directed, notice shall be published at least once, not less than 30 days before the connection is made by the Township in a newspaper circulating in the Township. There may be inserted in the advertisement notice to the owner or owners of several different properties.
d. 
Proof of service or publication of such notice shall be filed within 10 days after such service with the officer having charge of the record of tax liens in the Township but failure to file the same shall not invalidate the proceedings if service has actually been made as herein provided.
[1972 Code § 15-2.1; Ord. No. 05-45; Ord. No. 07-30; amended 7-23-2019 by Ord. No. 19-19]
a. 
A fee of $6,000 shall be paid by the owner of any residential real property for each direct or indirect connection with the sewerage system on which real property there originates or has originated sewage or other wastes which directly or indirectly have entered or may enter the sewerage system. In multiple dwellings, each residence unit shall be deemed a separate connection and shall pay a connection fee for each such dwelling unit.
b. 
Each nonresidential use, except as set forth in Subsection c below, shall be charged a minimum fee of $6,000 for each 2,905 cubic feet of estimated flow per quarter or major fraction thereof as determined by the Township Engineer based upon data and information supplied to the Township by the applicant and the results of any investigation or inquiry by the Township into actual meter readings or other available information regarding the estimated annual daily average flow for the proposed use.
c. 
Each nonresidential, social, civic or not-for-profit entity not substantially utilizing the premises on a daily or full-time basis shall be charged a connection fee of $6,000.
[1972 Code § 15-2.2]
At least once each year, the Township Committee shall review and revise, as necessary, sewer use and sewer user charges and shall establish a schedule of charges by user class, type of use, flow, biochemical oxygen demand (B.O.D.), suspended solids (S.S.), chlorine demand (C.D.), and such other criteria as the Township shall deem appropriate.
Any charges so established shall, at a minimum, provide for the equitable distribution of Middlesex County Utilities Authority (MCUA) operations and maintenance (O&M) costs to the users and shall provide, at a minimum, for revenue from the users equal in amount to the charges to Township from the Middlesex County Utilities Authority.
[1972 Code § 15-2.4; Ord. No. 08-33 § 15-2.4; Ord. No. 10-22; Ord. No. 12-25; Ord. No. 14-18; Ord. No. 14-27; Ord. No. 2016-14; Ord. No. 2016-34; amended 12-18-2018 by Ord. No. 18-36; 2-12-2019 by Ord. No. 19-03]
Subject to Subsection d below, the following fees shall be paid by the owner of real property for the use of services of the sanitary sewer system after direct or indirect connection therewith"
a. 
Residential users.
1. 
Private home, single-family: $290.
2. 
Private home, containing two, three or four individual dwelling units with separate kitchen facilities: number of dwelling units multiplied by $290.
3. 
Multiple dwellings, containing or comprising five or more individual dwelling units: number of dwelling units multiplied by $290.
4. 
When a development has a mixed-use building, consisting both of residential and commercial use, and is billed for sewer use by flow discharged into the Township sanitary sewer system, then water meters must be provided by the local area water company in the following manner:
(a) 
At least one water meter must be installed to capture the flow for all the residential uses of each individual building in the development. Each residential unit shall be billed for sewer use as set forth in this Subsection 23-2.3a above.
(b) 
For all commercial and or retail uses, the development must adhere to Subsection 23-2.3b.
b. 
Commercial users. Subject to Subsections d and e below, a quarterly fee for all other structures or properties which generate sanitary sewerage and have a sewage flow not in excess of the equivalent of 2,275,000 gallons of domestic wastewater per quarter in a calendar year shall be determined based upon the applicable class and rate schedule as set forth below. All commercial properties containing multiple classes of business shall install water meters provided by New Jersey American Water for each individual unit, in order to allow the Township to accurately calculate service charges pursuant to the applicable class and rates. All commercial users that have multiple classes of business on a single water meter shall be charged at the highest rate of the applicable classes for that meter.
1. 
The applicable classes shall be as follows:
Class 1 — Hotels, Motels, Nursing Homes, Assisted Living Facilities and Retirement Homes.
Class 2 — Bagel Shops, Bars and Grills, Bakeries, Butchers, Delicatessens, Diner, Doughnut Shops, Ice Cream Shops, Luncheonettes, Restaurants, Social Clubs, Meat Markets and Supermarkets.
Class 3 — Fast Food Restaurants.
Class 4 — Barber Shops, Bars and Taverns (No Kitchen), Disposal, Food Markets, Laundromats, Manufacturing, Service Station (full repair only), Beauty Salons, Bowling Alleys, Cleaners, Clinics, Day Care Centers, Dental Practices, Funeral Parlors, General Construction, Golf Courses, Health Spas, Kennels, Medical Offices, Orphanages, Pet Grooming, Pharmacy, Photograph Developing, Printing Shops, Religious Clubs.
Class 5 — Appliance Stores, Art Studios, Auto Retail Stores, Auto Repairs, Bookstores, Building Supplies, Bus Charter, Car Rental, Car Wash, Cemeteries, Cinemas, Clothing Stores, Convenience Stores, Department Stores, Electrical Contractor, Electrical Stores, Florists, Fruits and Vegetables, Furniture Stores, General Retail Stores, Glass Repairs, Grocery Stores, Hardware Stores, Heating/Air Conditioning, Hobby Stores, Home Furnishings, Houses of Worship, Jewelry Stores, Landscaping, Libraries, Limousine Service, Liquor Stores, Locksmiths, Lumberyards, Medical Supplies, Non-Education Schools, Paint Stores, Parks, Pest Control, Pet Supplies, Pool Supplies, Realty Agencies, Rentals, Service Stations — Gas Only, Shoe Stores, Sporting Goods, Stationery Stores, Storage Lots, Tailors, Tank Farms, Tanning Salons, Television Repairs, Towing Service, Travel Agencies, Trucking, Video Rental and Warehousing.
Class 6 — Laboratories and Mini Medical.
Class 7 — Accountants, Attorneys, Banking, Chiropractors, Consultants, Engineers, General Offices, Government - Other, Insurance, Opticians and Post Office.
Class 8 — Public and Religious Schools.
Class 9 — Malls and Shopping Centers.
2. 
The applicable rates shall be as follows:
Class
Rate/Gallons (100s)
1
0.894433
2
1.064498
3
1.323136
4
0.970082
5
0.761756
6
0.764115
7
0.969937
8
0.941986
9
1.144903
c. 
Industrial/large users. Subject to Subsections d and e below, a quarterly fee for all other structures or properties which generate sanitary sewerage and have a sewage flow in excess of the equivalent of 2,275,000 gallons of domestic wastewater per quarter in a calendar year shall be determined as follows:
1. 
Multiplying the rates charged by the Middlesex County Utilities Authority by the actual loads (BOD and SS) found in the wastewater; and
2. 
Multiplying the flow by a rate factor of $4,665 per million gallons of wastewater to cover the cost of the Middlesex County Utilities Authority flow charge, the Township's costs of administration, for the impact of those excess waste flows on the Township's sewer system, and all testing costs.
d. 
The aforementioned fees for all users may be adjusted on an annual basis to cover any increase from the Middlesex County Utilities Authority and any increase in the Township's operational costs for supplying sewer services. A fee schedule shall be established by the Township by resolution on an annual basis and shall be kept on file in the Municipal Clerk's office.
e. 
Where any building or structure is used for the purposes compromising two or more classes under Commercial Users, the service charge shall be the total of the fees for each such classification, prorated based upon the square footage of each classification to the total square footage of the building or structure. All buildings that shall have two or more tenants shall have water meters installed by New Jersey American Water for each rental space/tenant unit. Said meters shall not be sub-meters and shall be installed by New Jersey American Water. In such cases where there are meters for each tenant/class, the service charge shall be calculated based on the class of Commercial User for each water meter as provided in paragraph b above.
f. 
The fees set forth in subsections 23-2.3a1-3 shall be reduced by the sum of $20 annually for any individual receiving the real property tax deduction granted to senior citizens in accordance with N.J.S.A. 54:4-8.40 et seq. and P.L. 2006, c. 103.
g. 
All commercial and industrial/large users shall register with the Township Clerk within 120 days of the date of adoption of this subsection on a form to be adopted by the Township Clerk.[1]
[1]
Ordinance No. 12-25 was adopted December 4, 2012.
[1972 Code § 15-2.5; Ord. No. 08-33 § 15-2.5; Ord. No. 10-22; Ord. No. 12-25; Ord. No. 2015-03; amended 2-12-2019 by Ord. No. 19-03]
Notwithstanding Subsection 23-2.3a through e contained herein to the contrary, the minimum annual charge for any residential property connected to the Township sanitary sewer system shall be the residential charges set in Subsection 23-2.3, Service Charges; and a $20 discount for any individual receiving the real property tax deduction granted to senior citizens in accordance with N.J.S.A. 54:4-8.40 et seq. and P.L. 2006, c. 103; and for any commercial establishment, the minimum annual charge shall be $700.
[1972 Code § 15-2.6]
The sewer use charge may include all costs of the use, operation, treatment, maintenance and construction of the sewerage system of the Township serving the properties within the sewer utility, including, but not limited to, charges for operation and maintenance by the Middlesex County Utilities Authority, and costs for construction, use, operation, administration and maintenance of the internal and external collector and interceptor sewer systems of the Township of Piscataway.
[1972 Code § 15-2.7]
a. 
For those residences set forth in paragraphs a and b of subsection 23-2.3, the sewer charge established and fixed herein shall be an annual charge, as aforesaid, and shall be payable semi-annually in advance on or before the first days of March and September of each year. Whenever the sewer service charge to any property begins after the first day or terminates before the last day of any calendar half-year period, the sewer charge for such property for such half-year period shall be for that portion of the half-year period during which the property is connected.
b. 
For all others, the sewer charge established and fixed herein shall be an annual charge, as aforesaid, and shall be payable quarterly in advance on or before the first days of February, May, August, and November of each year. Whenever the sewer service to any property begins after the first day or terminates before the last day of any calendar quarter, the sewer charge for such property for such quarter shall be for that portion of the quarter during which the said property is connected.
[1972 Code § 15-3.1; Ord. No. 2015-35; Ord. No. 2016-05]
Each and every user of the Township sanitary sewer system shall build, maintain and install, at his own cost and expense, a meter chamber and sampling pit, pursuant to the standards prescribed by the Township Engineer to adequately meter and sample the sewage discharge from the property into the Township sewer system. Each and every user with a meter chamber and sampling pit must have their metering devices calibrated and certified, at user's own cost and expense, by an independent certified meter service company biannually. Every user shall provide proof of said certification and calibration of all metering devices to the Township Director of the Department of Public Works/Sewer Division by June 31st and December 31st of each year.
In the event that there is no meter and the premises in question is served by a public water supply, the amount of flow may be deemed to be that amount of water flowing into the property as recorded by the water meter, at the election of the Township Engineer, without limitation to the right of the Engineer to determine that a proper meter chamber and sampling pit are necessary.
In the event that the Engineer decides that a meter chamber and sampling pit are not necessary on a particular site, he may estimate the amount of flow from the premises, which estimate shall be deemed to be the actual sewage flow from the premises until an adequate meter chamber and sampling pit are installed.
[1972 Code § 15-3.2; Ord. No. 2015-35]
Wherever possible, for all sewer users, actual sewerage flows shall be used to determine charges. All users with an equivalent flow greater than 25,000 gpd shall install a suitable device for continuously recording the flow to be discharged into the Township system. In the absence of actual sewage flow meter, the flows will be based upon water readings.
In the absence of actual sewage flows for residential and commercial establishments, and industries discharging less than 25,000 equivalent gpd of flow, actual water meter readings will be used as the basis of computing the charges.
In the event that evidence is presented indicating that all of the total annual volume of water used for all purposes does not reach the sewer, an estimate will be made of the water actually discharged to the sewer.
Where industries have a private water supply, all or part of which is discharged into the sewer, the amount of supply or the part thereof discharged to the Township system shall be metered and included in the charges made.
Where industries have a private water supply, all or part of which is discharged into the sewer, the amount of supply or the part thereof discharged to the Township system shall be metered and included in the charges made.
[1972 Code § 15-3.3; Ord. No. 2015-35; Ord. No. 2016-03]
Wherever actual readings of BOD, SS, or CD of a user are available, those readings shall be used in determining charges for strength of sewerage. All industrial/large users discharging greater than the equivalent of 25,000 gpd of flow shall install a Hach AS950 All-Weather Refrigerated Sampler, or Township approved equivalent, at each sampling pit to allow periodic determination of the concentration of the wastes as a basis for charges for suspended solids, and BOD. Said industrial/large users shall install the Hach Sampler or Township approved equivalent on or before April 1, 2016. The determination will be made at least twice a year or if deemed necessary, quarterly or monthly. Determination of the character of the waste will be made by the Township and shall be binding as a basis for charges.
[1973 Code § 15-3.4]
All measurements, tests, and analysis for the characteristics of waters and wastes to which reference is made in this section shall be determined in accordance with Standard Methods for the Examination of Water and Sewerage. In the event that no special manhole has been required, the control manhole shall be considered to be the nearest downstream manhole in the public sewer to the point at which the building sewer is connected.
[1972 Code § 15-3.5; Ord. No. 2016-34]
a. 
At all premises where wastes or substances specified to be excluded from public sewers by these regulations are present and liable to be discharged directly or indirectly into said sewers, suitable and sufficient piping layouts, oil, grease, sand and flammable waste traps or separators, screens, settling tanks, diluting devices, storage or regulating chambers, treatment, cooling or other equipment and devices shall be provided. These shall be maintained and properly operated by the owner of the premises or his agent at his expense to insure that no waste or substance is discharged in violation of the requirements of these regulations.
b. 
On premises where wastes or substances specified to be excluded from public sewers are present, the Township may require the owner to provide, operate and maintain at his expense a sampling well or wells, flow measuring devices, manholes or other appurtenances, all readily accessible on the building sewer or drain from said premises near the point where said sewer or drain connects to the public sewer. By means of such sampling well or wells, flow-measuring devices or other appurtenances, the Township or any public officer having legal jurisdiction may secure samples of or examine the wastes being discharged into the public sewer for the purpose of determining compliance or noncompliance with the requirements of these regulations.
c. 
The Township shall have the right to enter and inspect any part of the premises served by public sewers upon which there may be reason to believe that violations of the requirements of these regulations have occurred or are likely to occur, for the purpose of ascertaining the facts to such violations or suspended violation, or of obtaining samples of wastes, or of inspecting flow measuring devices or treatment facilities provided to prevent prohibited discharges.
d. 
All industrial/large users as defined in subsection 23-2.3c above shall be required to pretreat their discharge with an approved product or system to control and eliminate the introduction of oil, grease, sand, flammable waste and other prohibited discharges into the sewerage system. The product or system must be free of wetting agents, additives and reducing agents, enzymes, solvents or chemical degreasers and must be approved by the Director of the Department of Public Works or his designee prior to application and/or installation of equipment.
[Ord. No. 2016-34]
[1972 Code § 15-4.1; Ord. No. 09-21]
No person shall deliver or discharge into the Piscataway Township sewerage system sewage or waste which:
a. 
Shall be of such a nature or in such a quantity as to impair the hydraulic capacity of the Township facilities.
b. 
Shall be of such a nature as to be either chemical or mechanical action, impair the strength or durability of the sewer structures.
c. 
Shall be of such a nature as to create explosive conditions in such facilities.
d. 
Shall have a flash point lower than 235° F., as determined by the Tagliabue (Tag.) closed cup method.
e. 
Shall have a pH index value lower than 5.5 or higher than 9.0.
f. 
Shall include any radioactive substance.
g. 
Shall be discharged by tank trucks into manholes of the sewerage system.
h. 
No person shall discharge or cause to be discharged to any sanitary sewer any storm water, surface water, groundwater, roof runoff, subsurface drainage, cooling water, air-conditioning and refrigeration waste waters or unpolluted industrial process waters. No person shall either directly or indirectly connect the gutters, downspouts or leaders from any property to any sanitary sewer.
[1972 Code § 15-4.2]
Any user who discharges into the system toxic pollutants which cause an increase in the costs of managing the effluent or the sludge of the treatment works shall pay for such increased costs.
[1972 Code § 15-4.3]
Any flows or strength which are not chargeable to a particular user, whether by reason of the user being exempted from charges, or by reason of the flow entering the system by infiltration or inflow, shall be charged to all users, proportionately, on the basis of flow.
[1972 Code § 15-4A; Ord. No. 2016-34]
a. 
A grease trap shall be provided in each instance when the Director of the Department of Public Works or his designee determines that same is necessary for the proper handling of liquid wastes containing grease in excessive amounts, or any flammable wastes, sand or other harmful ingredients except that a grease trap shall not be required for private single family dwellings. Each trap shall be located so that it is readily and easily accessible for cleaning and inspection. Each trap shall be continuously maintained by the property owner, at the owner's expense, in order to provide satisfactory and effective operation. There shall be no bypass of the grease trap facilities which would allow the entry of untreated or partially treated wastes to the sewerage system.
[Ord. No. 2016-34]
b. 
All retail food establishments, commercial food processors, meat processors or similar food preparers shall be required to pretreat their discharge with an approved bacteriological product to control and eliminate the introduction of grease into the sewerage system.
c. 
The bacteriological product must be free of wetting agents, additives and reducing agents, enzymes, solvents or chemical degreasers and must be approved by the Director of the Department of Public Works or his designee prior to application and/or installation of equipment. The bacteria shall be introduced into the system after closing or during the period of time that there is the least amount of business activity, once during every twenty-four-hour period, or as directed by the Director of the Department of Public Works or his designee.
[1972 Code § 15-5]
Any user objecting to an estimate of flow, or strength, made hereunder, shall have the option, at its own cost and expense of installing metering equipment on its discharge lines to record actual flow and strength readings. The metering equipment used, its installation and the location of the installation, shall all be subject to review and approval by the Township Council or its designated representative.
[1972 Code § 15-6]
The aforesaid charges shall be payable to the Collector of Taxes and shall draw the same interest from the time they become due as taxes upon real estate and shall be a lien upon the premises connected until paid, and the Township shall have the same remedies for the collection thereof with interest, costs and penalties, as it has by law for the collection of taxes upon real estate.
[1972 Code § 15-7]
Buildings owned by the Township shall be exempt from sewer use charges.
[1972 Code § 15-8]
The regulations herein are intended to comply with the requirements of the United States Environmental Protection Agency concerning the development of acceptable ordinance for waste water treatment services and charges and particularly as the regulations and requirements affect the Middlesex County Utilities Authority.
[1972 Code § 15-9; Ord. No. 13-28]
a. 
Any person found to be violating any provision of these regulations shall be served by the Township with written notice stating the nature of the violation and providing a reasonable time limit for the satisfactory correction thereof. The offender shall, within the period of time stated in such notice, permanently cease all violations.
b. 
Any person who shall violate any provision of this chapter shall be fined not less than $200 nor more than $500 or imprisoned not more than 30 days, or both. Each day that any violation of these regulations continues and each day that any person continues to discharge prohibited wastes or substances into any public sewer shall be deemed to be a separate offense for the purpose of applying the penalty provided in this section.
c. 
Any person violating any of the provisions of this chapter shall be liable to the Township for any expense, loss or damage occasioned the municipality by reason of such violation.
As used in this section:
CURB AREA CLEAN OUT
Shall mean an access point installed in a service lateral in accordance with the Township's construction standards and located between the edge of pavement and the property line in the right-of-way of a dedicated public street.
[1972 Code § 15-10.1]
[1972 Code § 15-10.2]
All service laterals, connections and fixtures located on the property shall be maintained in good order, and shall be the property of the user and shall be protected and properly cared for by the user. All leaks in the service lateral on any other pipe or fixture in or upon the premises served must be repaired immediately by the owner or occupant of the premises. The user shall be responsible for securing a plumbing permit prior to commencing any work and the party shall not backfill any trench until the work has been inspected and approved by the Township Plumbing Subcode Official. Any work not acceptable shall be immediately removed and replaced by work which is acceptable.
[1972 Code § 15-10.3]
The Township shall not be responsible for maintaining any portion of the service lateral or fixtures or be responsible for leakages in any portion of the lateral between the structure served and the curb area clean out or for damage done by sewer escaping therefrom; and the user shall, at all times, comply with applicable Township regulations with respect thereto and make changes therein required by reason of relocation of mains or otherwise.
[1972 Code § 15-10.4; Ord. No. 05-44; Ord. No. 07-07; Ord. No. 13-28]
The Township shall be responsible for maintaining all domestic laterals four to five inches in diameter located in a dedicated public right-of-way provided that a curb area clean out is provided by the property owner at the property owner's expense. The Township will install a clean out at the property owner's request for a fee of $1,500. The installation fee may be paid in full or may be paid in four semi-annual installments of $375 which shall be added to the property owner's sewer account. Any unpaid balance of each installment will be subject to all rules on nonpayment. Following installation of the curb area clean out, the Township will assume full responsibility for the care, cleaning, repair or replacement of that public portion of the service lateral between the clean out and the sewer main with the exception of blockages caused by the use of the facility.
[1972 Code § 15-10.5; New]
The Township may install a curb area clean out without the property owner's request when portions of the collections system are being upgraded or replaced. The property owner will be assessed a minimum cost of $2,000 which shall be added to the property owner's sewer account and may be paid in full or in four installments of $500 each. Any unpaid balance of each installment shall be subject to all of the rules on nonpayment.