[HISTORY: Adopted by the Board of Trustees of the Village of Westbury 11-22-1933 (Ch. 26 of the 1964 Code). Amendments noted where applicable.]
Fire prevention — See Ch. 124.
As used in this chapter, the following terms shall have the meanings indicated:
- APPROVAL EQUIPMENT
- Approval by some nationally recognized laboratory.
- FUEL OIL
- Any liquid used as fuel and having a flash point not less than 110° F.
- OIL-HEATING BURNERS
- Any device designed and arranged for the purpose of burning or preparing to burn fuel oil as specified in the above definition, and having a tank or container with a capacity for more than 20 gallons connected thereto.
- OIL-HEATING EQUIPMENT
- All equipment connected to oil-heating burner and located within the building, including internal and external supply or storage tanks and provisions for filling and venting same, piping, wiring and all accessories.
It shall be unlawful for any person, firm, corporation or their agents governed by this chapter to install any oil-heating burner unless the following application is filed with the Building Inspector of the Village of Westbury, Nassau County, New York, at least 30 days before an installation is made and shall have been issued a certificate of approval, reading as follows:
The Building Inspector of the Village of Westbury, Nassau County, New York, shall within 30 days of the filing of the above application issue a certificate of approval or disapproval as provided according to the provisions of this chapter.
Said Building Inspector of the Village of Westbury, Nassau County, New York, shall approve any oil-heating burner tested by Underwriters' Laboratories, Inc., or any other nationally recognized inspection board or laboratory. Oil-heating burners not listed by Underwriters' Laboratories, Inc., or any other nationally recognized inspection board or laboratory shall not be approved until they have been inspected by the Building Inspector of the Village of Westbury, Nassau County, New York. This test shall cover arrangement of parts, suitability of material, strength of parts, electrical control, thermostatic arrangement, reliability of automatic features, positiveness of ignition and safeguards against flooding. In case the Building Inspector of the Village of Westbury aforesaid does not feel that he is competent to make the above test he is hereby authorized to require that the applicant submit a report from a recognized laboratory.
With a certificate of disapproval said Building Inspector of the Village of Westbury aforesaid shall issue to the applicant and to the manufacturer of the device a clear and concise statement as to the reason or reasons for disapproval.
New application made after the issuance of a certificate of disapproval shall not be made until 90 days from the date of issue of said certificate.
New application shall be accompanied by a clear and concise statement giving reasons for reconsideration based on information received with certificate of disapproval.
Any person, firm, corporation or their agents having a certificate of approval may install oil-burning equipment in connection with the approved oil-heating burner in accordance with the provisions made in this chapter, provided that such person, firm, corporation or their agents shall make application to the Building Inspector of the Village of Westbury, Nassau County, New York, for a permit to install the same and such permit shall have been granted by said Building Inspector of the Village of Westbury aforesaid. At the time of the application for such permit to install in any particular premises such oil-heating equipment there shall be paid to the Building Inspector of the Village of Westbury aforesaid a fee to cover the cost of making an inspection of any such installation, said fee to be in an amount as set from time to time by resolution of the Board of Trustees. Each installation must be inspected by a representative of the Building Inspector of the Village of Westbury, Nassau County, New York.
Tanks shall be constructed of galvanized steel, open hearth steel or wrought iron of a minimum gauge (U.S. Standard) depending on the capacity as given below:
For tanks of 1,100 gallons or more, a tolerance of 10% in capacity may be allowed.
All joints shall be riveted and caulked, brazed, welded or made tight by some equally satisfactory process. Tanks shall be made tight and sufficiently strong to bear without injury the most severe strains to which they may be subjected in practice. Shells of tanks shall be properly reinforced where connections are made. All connections shall be made through the top of the tank above the liquid level, except in tanks having a capacity of 275 gallons and less where one connection may be made, not larger than one-inch iron pipe size, in the bottom of the tank. Unenclosed inside storage or gravity tanks of 275 gallons capacity and less shall be provided with an additional one-inch opening in the bottom of the tank for an approved key stem gate valve to aid in the cleaning of the tanks.
Underground tanks shall be thoroughly coated on the outside with tar, asphaltum or other suitable rust resisting material dependent upon the condition of the soil in which they are placed.
Inside and above-ground tanks and auxiliary tanks shall be coated with a good quality rust-resisting paint.
Inside storage, gravity and auxiliary pressure tanks, not enclosed in masonry or concrete, shall be provided with securely attached substantial incombustible supports, and be securely bolted to basement floor or otherwise secured to avoid strains on piping and shall not be located within 10 feet, measured horizontally from any fire or source of flame.
Tanks having a capacity of not more than 275 gallons each may be located in the cellar or basement above the floor level. No more than two such tanks shall be installed in connection with any one burner.
Storage tanks of over 275 gallons individual capacity shall be placed in an enclosure of inside dimensions six inches greater on all sides than the outside dimensions of the tank. The walls of the enclosure shall be constructed of concrete not less than six inches in thickness or of eight inches of masonry. The walls shall be bonded to floor and carried up to a height not less than one foot above the tank, and the space between the tank and the wall and the top of the enclosure shall be completely filled with sand or well-tamped earth.
Storage tanks having a capacity greater than 275 gallons may be placed in the cellar or basement of any building below the level of the floor, provided that they are so placed that the top of the tank is not less than 12 inches below the level of the floor.
Tanks located outside of the building underground shall be so placed that the top of the tank is not less than two feet below the surface of the ground, except that in lieu of the two feet, cover tank may be buried under 12 inches of earth and a cover of concrete at least six inches in thickness provided; reinforcement shall extend at least 12 inches on all sides of the top of the tank.
Where tanks are located so that the top of the tank is above the level of the suction inlet of the pump supplying oil to the burner or burner assembly, a syphon-breaking device consisting of an anti-syphon valve, a vacuum syphon breaker, syphon-breaking pump set or equivalent devices to prevent syphoning shall be installed.
Tanks of 275 gallons capacity and less may be used to supply oil to the burner by gravity, provided that there is a suitable automatic safeguard to prevent abnormal discharge of oil at the burner. When more than one storage tank is installed, such tanks shall be connected, with the main feed pipe line leading to the burner, through a manually operated three-way valve, so that not more than one tank can in any way discharge its contents at one time.
Tanks of 60 gallons capacity and less may be used under pressure, provided that they shall be designed for six times the maximum working pressure; working pressure shall not exceed 50 pounds per square inch, and shall be proved tight at twice the maximum working pressure. Pressure tanks shall be equipped with a reliable pressure gauge and an automatic relief valve piped to discharge by gravity to the storage tank.
No tank shall be installed under sidewalks or roadways unless a permit has been granted by the Board of Trustees of the Village of Westbury, Nassau County, New York.
All tanks shall have a separate vent pipe of ample size to prevent abnormal pressures in cases of fire, or when filling; in no case to be less than 11/4 inch iron pipe size for tanks having a capacity of 1,500 gallons. For tanks having a capacity of more than 1,500 gallons the vent pipe shall be at least two-inch iron pipe size.
The lower end of the vent pipe shall extend through the top of the tank for a distance of not more than one inch.
The vent pipe shall extend from the tank to the outside air, terminating at a point outside of the building, at least three feet above the top of the fill pipe and as remote as possible from any window or building opening. Outer ends of the vent pipe shall be provided with a return bend or a weatherproof hood.
All filling pipes shall terminate outside of buildings and when installed in the vicinity of any door or building opening shall be provided with a metal cover or cap which may be closed tight when not in use.
No oil tank used in connection with oil-heating equipment shall be equipped with a glass gauge, or any gauge, the breaking of which will permit the oil to escape from the tank.
Test wells shall not be located within the buildings. Test wells located outside of buildings shall be capped oil tight.
Standard full-weight wrought iron, steel or brass pipe with substantial fittings or standard brass or copper tubing fittings shall be used and shall be carefully protected against mechanical injury. In all piping systems proper allowances shall be made for expansion and contraction, jarring and vibration. Flexible metallic tubing may be used to reduce the effect of jarring and vibration.
All threaded joints shall be tight and shall be made up with litharge and glycerine, or equivalent suitable pipe compound.
All piping shall be secured rigidly and protected from injury, in a manner that is consistent with good practice.
All auxiliary pumps used for pumping oil from the storage tank to auxiliary tank shall be approved type. They shall be rigidly mounted.
Automatic pumps not an integral part of the oil-heating burner shall be of approved type, provided with automatic means for preventing a continuous discharge of oil in case of pipe breaking. They shall be rigidly mounted.
Valves shall be installed to close against the supply and shall be designed to prevent the withdrawal of the stem by continued operation of the hand wheel.
Where the design of the valve requires the use of a stuffing box, the stuffing box shall be of liberal size, containing cupped gland designed to compress the packing against the stem and arranged so as to facilitate removal. The use of packing affected by oil or heat is prohibited.
Oil-heating burner controls:
All oil-heating burners shall be equipped with a device, mechanical or electrical, which will automatically prevent an abnormal flow of oil.
All oil-heating burners subject to automatic ignition must be provided with permanent automatic device, so designed that oil, upon being turned into the combustion chamber, will immediately become ignited or shut off.
All oil-heating burners used in connection with hot-water, steam or warm-air heating systems shall be equipped with an automatic device to reduce or extinguish the fire in event of undue pressure or overheating within the boiler or furnace.
Electrical installations used in connection with oil-heating equipment shall be installed in accordance with the National Electric Code, and a certificate of inspection obtained.
No oil-heating burner shall be installed in any boiler or heater unless said boiler or heater is connected with a chimney having sufficient draft at all times to ensure the safe operation of the burner.
All boiler or furnace rooms shall be provided with adequate ventilation to assure continuous complete combustion.
This chapter shall not apply in the case of manufacturing plants except for heating buildings or generating steam for power.
It shall be the duty of the Building Inspector of the Village of Westbury, Nassau County, New York, to interpret these rules in a manner that is consistent with safety and good practice, as determined by the Underwriters' Laboratories, Inc.
A printed copy of the rules and instructions of the manufacturers shall be conspicuously posted near the oil-heating burner.
[Amended 6-6-1985 by L.L. No. 4-1985]
Any violation of this chapter shall by punishable by a fine not exceeding $250.