Township of Franconia, PA
Montgomery County
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Table of Contents
Table of Contents
[HISTORY: Adopted by the Board of Supervisors of the Township of Franconia 9-14-1987 by Ord. No. 138. Amendments noted where applicable.]
GENERAL REFERENCES
Municipal Authorities — See Ch. 16.
Building construction — See Ch. 47.
Sewers and sewage disposal — See Ch. 112.
Subdivision and land development — See Ch. 122.
The Board of Supervisors of Franconia Township hereby finds and determines that it is necessary to conserve and protect the existing water supply for the greatest public benefit by ensuring its continued availability by instituting general water conservation measures and by requiring the installation of demand reduction fixtures and equipment on all new and remodeled plumbing systems.
Customers shall be encouraged not to permit any water furnished by any private well or by any authorized water purveyor to run to waste in any gutter or other impervious surface.
A. 
No occupancy permit shall be issued for any residential, commercial, industrial, agricultural, recreational, governmental or public building or structure of any kind which is constructed or remodeled, and in which plumbing, water piping or water fixtures are to be installed, extended or altered in any way, and for which construction a permit is required to be obtained from Franconia Township, unless the new, extended or altered plumbing, water piping and other water-using fixtures therein conform to the requirements and standards of this chapter.
B. 
The provisions of this chapter shall apply to any such building or structure for which such a building/plumbing permit is issued on or after September 14, 1987.
Each resident or property owner in Franconia Township is urged to install fixtures which will reduce the quantity of water required to flush toilets and to reduce the flow rates of showers and faucets.
A. 
Toilets operated by flush tanks. The water consumption of water closets operated by flush tanks shall not exceed an average of 1.6 gallons per flush cycle over a range of test pressures from 50 to 60 pounds per square inch. The fixture shall perform in accordance with the flushing test requirements cited in the American National Standards Institute A112.19.2M and A112.19.6M Vitreous China Plumbing Fixtures standard.
[Amended 12-9-1991 by Ord. No. 186]
B. 
Toilets and urinals operated by pressure flush valves.
(1) 
Water closet water consumption shall not exceed an average of 1.6 gallons per flush cycle over a range of test pressures from 50 to 60 pounds per square inch. The pressure flush valve shall be adjusted according to manufacturer's specifications. The fixture shall perform in accordance with the flushing test requirements cited in the ANSI A112.19.2M and A112.19.6M Vitreous China Plumbing Fixtures standard.
[Amended 12-9-1991 by Ord. No. 186]
(2) 
Urinal water consumption shall not exceed an average of 1.0 gallon per flush cycle over a range of test pressures from 50 to 60 pounds per square inch. The pressure flush valve shall be adjusted according to manufacturer's specifications. The fixture shall perform in accordance with the flushing test requirements cited in the ANSI A112.9.2 Vitreous China Plumbing Fixtures standard.
C. 
Showerheads. Showerhead discharge rates shall not exceed 2.5 gallons of water per minute over a range of test pressures from 50 to 60 pounds per square inch. The fixture shall perform in accordance with the test requirements cited in the ANSI A112.18.1 Finished and Rough Brass Plumbing Fixture Fittings standard.
D. 
Sink faucets. All supply lines to faucets shall be fitted with restrictors which reduce flows to 2.5 gallons or less of water per minute. If individual spouts [example: one hot, one cold] are operated by individual controls, the flow rate from each spout shall not exceed 1.25 gallons of water per minute when tested.
(1) 
Kitchen sink faucets. Kitchen sink faucet discharge rates shall not exceed 2.50 gallons of water per minute over a range of test pressure from 50 to 60 pounds per square inch. The fixture shall perform in accordance with the test requirements cited in the ANSI A112.18.1 Finished and Rough Brass Plumbing Fixture Fittings standard.
(2) 
Residential lavatory sink faucets. Residential lavatory sink faucet discharge rates shall not exceed 2.50 gallons of water per minute over a range of test pressures from 50 to 60 pounds per square inch. The fixture shall perform in accordance with the test requirements cited in the ANSI A112.18.1 Finished and Rough Brass Plumbing Fixture Fittings standard.
(3) 
Nonresidential lavatory faucets shall be either self-closing or metering faucets as described below:
(a) 
Self-closing faucets shall not exceed an average discharge rate of 0.5 gallon of water per minute between the pressures of 50 and 60 pounds per square inch when tested in accordance with the discharge test procedure cited in ANSI A112.18.1, Finished and Rough Brass Plumbing Fixture Fittings.
(b) 
Metering faucets shall be field adjustable and set so that the discharge quantity shall not exceed 0.5 gallon of water per cycle.
Where the surface water pressure to a building is expected to exceed 60 pounds per square inch, a water pressure reducing valve with strainer shall be installed just downstream of the building's main valve, so as to be accessible. The valve shall provide for pressure adjustment within the range of 50 to 60 pounds per square inch. The valve shall conform to the requirements of product standard ASSE 1003. Exemptions to this section are sewer lines to sill cocks, outside hydrants and main supply risers to buildings where pressure from the mains does not exceed 60 pounds per square inch at the fixture branches or at individual fixtures.
Replacement of blowout toilet and urinal fixtures with like type fixtures may be granted by local officials upon request where adequate justification of special need is provided.
Any person(s) may apply to Franconia Township for an exception to the terms of this chapter, which exception may be granted, in the discretion of the Board of Supervisors, upon proof that some other device, system or procedure will save as much or more water as those set forth herein or that those set forth herein cannot be complied with without undue hardship.
[Amended 9-12-1988 by Ord. No. 147; 6-10-1996 by Ord. No. 237]
Any person who violates or permits a violation of this chapter shall, upon being liable therefor in a civil enforcement proceeding commenced by the township, pay a fine not exceeding $600, plus all court costs, including reasonable attorney's fees incurred by the township. No judgment shall be imposed until the date of the determination of violation by the District Justice. If the defendant neither pays nor timely appeals the judgment, the township may enforce the judgment pursuant to the applicable Pennsylvania Rules of Civil Procedure.