City of Auburn, NY
Cayuga County
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Table of Contents
Table of Contents
A. 
Plumbing, heating, electrical, ventilating, air-conditioning, refrigerating, cooking, and fire-protection equipment, elevators, dumbwaiters, escalators, and other mechanical additions, installations, or systems for the use of buildings and structures shall be installed, located, and maintained so that such equipment and systems will operate satisfactorily and not be a danger to safety, health, or welfare.
B. 
X-ray equipment used for medical, dental, or other professional purposes, and shielding of the space where such equipment is used, shall be approved by the health authority having jurisdiction as conforming to the standards established by such authority.
A. 
General. Plumbing systems shall be maintained in good, safe, sanitary, and serviceable condition.
B. 
Water supply.
(1) 
Potable water from an approved source shall be available at all times. The domestic water supply system of the building shall be connected to such approved source, shall not be subject to contamination, and shall not be connected to unsafe water supplies.
(2) 
The source of water supply for a one- or two-family dwelling shall be a public water supply system, when such system is within 100 feet of the premises on which the building is located, measured along a street, alley, or right-of-way, and a connection may lawfully be made thereto.
(3) 
The source of water supply for a multiple dwelling shall be a public water supply system, when such system is within 500 feet of the premises on which the building is located, measured along a street, alley, or right-of-way, and a connection may lawfully be made thereto.
(4) 
Water supply systems shall be installed and maintained to provide at all times a supply of water to plumbing fixtures, devices, and appurtenances in sufficient volume and at pressures adequate to enable them to function satisfactorily.
(5) 
Hot water shall be supplied in sufficient quantity at all times commensurate with the number of occupants and the normal usage. Water heaters or central water-heating equipment shall be maintained in operating condition.
(6) 
Hot-water supply systems shall be provided with safety devices designed to relieve hazardous pressures and excessive temperatures.
(7) 
Mechanical fittings shall be required for all CPVC water line installations.
[Added 4-14-2005 by Ord. No. 5-2005]
C. 
Sewage and stormwater drainage systems shall be maintained so as to function properly and be kept free from obstructions, leaks and defects.
(1) 
Sewage drainage.
(a) 
Plumbing fixtures shall drain to a sewage system connected to a public sewer or approved system of sewage disposal.
(b) 
The means of sewage disposal shall be a public sanitary sewer when it is available, and connection to such sewer shall be made in accordance with the provisions of Chapter 242, Sanitary Sewers, of the City of Auburn Municipal Code.
(c) 
No sewage from a plumbing system shall be discharged into the waters of the State of New York (as defined in state law) unless specifically approved by the authority having jurisdiction, under and in accordance with state law.
(d) 
Adequate cleanouts shall be provided and maintained so that the pipes may be readily cleaned.
(e) 
Four banded extra-heavy couplings shall be required for all no-hub cast-iron pipe and fittings used above ground and for sewer laterals.
[Added 4-14-2005 by Ord. No. 5-2005]
(2) 
Storm drainage.
(a) 
An approved system of stormwater disposal shall be provided for the safe and efficient drainage of roofs and paved areas, yards and courts and other open areas on the premises.
(b) 
The means for stormwater disposal shall be in accordance with all applicable laws, ordinances, rules and regulations.
(c) 
No stormwater shall be drained into sewers intended for sewage only or be discharged onto public sidewalks or streets.
(3) 
Plumbing facilities.
(a) 
Buildings and structures shall be provided with plumbing systems designed to dispose of the sewage from all fixtures and to furnish cold water to every water closet and urinal and hot and cold water to every sink, lavatory, bathtub, and shower required therein.
(b) 
In one- and two-family dwellings, not wholly owner-occupied, and in all multiple dwellings hot water shall be furnished within a temperature range of 110° F. to 120° F.
(c) 
There shall be provided within each dwelling unit plumbing fixtures consisting of at least one kitchen sink, one water closet, one bathtub or shower, and one lavatory. With every water closet there shall be a lavatory within the same room.
(d) 
In multiple dwellings, each communal kitchen shall contain at least one kitchen sink, as provided in Table I.[1]
[1]
Editor's Note: See § 182-37C.
(e) 
In multiple dwellings, where hotel units or lodging units are not provided with sanitary facilities therein, for each multiple of six male or six female occupants to be accommodated, or fractions thereof, there shall be provided, in separate rooms for each sex, plumbing fixtures consisting of at least one water closet, one bathtub or shower, and one lavatory.
(f) 
In multiple dwellings, where sleeping accommodations are arranged as dormitory units, for each multiple of 10 male or eight female occupants to be accommodated, or fractions thereof, there shall be provided, in separate rooms for each sex, plumbing fixtures consisting of at least one water closet, one bathtub or shower, and one lavatory.
(g) 
Urinals may be substituted in a men's toilet room for not more than 1/3 of the required number of water closets.
(h) 
Privies are prohibited on residential premises.
D. 
Plumbing fixtures.
(1) 
Plumbing fixtures shall be made of smooth, nonabsorbent material, and free from concealed fouling surfaces.
(2) 
Plumbing fixtures shall be spaced to be readily accessible for their intended use.
(3) 
Plumbing fixtures shall be located in spaces that are accessible, lighted, and ventilated.
E. 
Swimming pools.
(1) 
Swimming pools shall be designed and maintained in accordance with generally accepted standards.
(2) 
Drains shall be provided so that the pool can be safely and adequately drained.
(3) 
Filtering, sterilizing, and auxiliary equipment shall be adequate to maintain the sanitary quality of water during each period the pool is in use. Equipment containing gases or disinfectants capable of giving off irritating, toxic, or flammable fumes shall be located in ventilated rooms.
(4) 
The installation shall be designed and maintained to prevent dirt, sand, or other foreign matter from entering the bathing area.
(5) 
An approved enclosure, at least four feet in height, shall be provided around outdoor swimming pools so that such pools are inaccessible to small children. The enclosure may surround either the pool area or the property.
F. 
Water supply tanks.
(1) 
Water supply tanks shall be maintained watertight, verminproof, rodentproof and resistant to corrosion.
(2) 
Supports for tanks shall be of noncombustible construction.
(3) 
Tanks and their supports shall not be used to support equipment or structures other than for tank use, except where specially designed for such other use.
(4) 
Means for emptying water supply tanks shall be maintained in proper working condition.
(5) 
Potable water supply tanks for domestic supply and standpipe or automatic sprinkler systems shall be maintained to furnish water in sufficient quantity and pressure for such systems.
A. 
General.
(1) 
Fuel gas piping systems shall be maintained gastight, safe, and operative under conditions of use.
(2) 
Fuel gas piping systems shall provide a supply of gas sufficient to meet the maximum expected demand of gas-burning equipment and appliances connected thereto.
B. 
Shutoff valves.
(1) 
In one- and two-family dwellings, gas piping systems shall have at least one accessible valve for shutting off all gas supply, except that systems supplied with gas at pressures exceeding one psi gage shall have at least two accessible valves for shutting off all gas supply. Where two valves are required, one valve shall be located outside at a safe distance from the building and shall be suitably protected against unauthorized use, and the other shall be located ahead of the meter and as close as practicable to the point of service entrance.
(2) 
In multiple dwellings, gas piping systems supplied from utility mains shall have at least two accessible valves for shutting off all gas supply. One valve shall be located outside and at a safe distance from the building and shall be suitably protected against unauthorized use, and the other shall be located ahead of the meter and as close as practicable to the point of service entrance.
(3) 
An easily accessible shutoff valve, or cock, shall be provided in the piping in close proximity to, and ahead of, every gas appliance or outlet for a gas connection.
C. 
Service equipment for gas supplied from utility mains.
(1) 
Gas meters shall be located in spaces that are dry, ventilated, and accessible. Gas meters shall be located near the point of entry of the gas service and remote from open flame, heat-producing equipment, or other heat sources.
(2) 
Gas services, gas meters, and gas pressure regulators shall be located so that they are protected from damage and tampering by unauthorized personnel.
D. 
High-pressure gas. Any service connection supplying gas at a pressure in excess of one psi gage shall be provided with a device to reduce such pressure to not more than 1/2 psi gage prior to entering the meter.
E. 
Liquefied petroleum gas containers and tanks. Liquefied petroleum gas containers and tanks are subject to the regulations contained in Part 1163 of Chapter C of the Uniform Code, Sections 1163.3 to and including 1163.5.
A. 
General. Fuel oil shall be received, stored, and conveyed by means of fixed liquidtight equipment.
B. 
Storage tanks.
(1) 
Fuel oil storage tanks shall rest on noncombustible supports that are maintained in a structurally sound condition.
(2) 
Tanks subject to traffic shall be protected against vehicle damage.
(3) 
Storage tanks inside buildings shall not be in a damaged or leaking condition.
(4) 
Tanks shall be installed and maintained so as not to be a hazard to the premises served.
C. 
Storage tanks inside buildings.
(1) 
Fuel oil storage tanks inside buildings shall be provided with liquid-level indicating devices of fixed vaportight construction.
(2) 
The maximum capacity of an individual fuel oil storage tank unenclosed inside a building shall be 550 gallons, and such tank shall be not less than five feet horizontally from any fuel-burning equipment.
(3) 
Unenclosed fuel oil storage tanks shall not be located in garages exceeding 1,000 square feet in area.
D. 
Piping.
(1) 
Means for shutting off fuel flow shall be accessible and maintained in safe operating condition. Automatically operated boilers and furnaces using fuel oil shall be provided with remote control to stop the flow of oil during fire or other emergency. Such control shall be located outside the boiler room, or inside the boiler room at the entrance.
(2) 
Filling, emptying, and venting of tanks shall be by means of fixed piping. Pipes to underground tanks shall be pitched toward tanks. Terminals of fill and vent pipes shall be located outside buildings at a safe distance from building openings.
(3) 
Pipes for fuel oil entering buildings shall be protected from damage by settlement or corrosion.
Gasoline shall be prohibited as fuel for heating and cooking except for camping and outdoor use.
A. 
General. In addition to the requirements of Section 1163.8 of Chapter C of the Uniform Code, the following regulations shall apply:
(1) 
Except in one-family dwellings, heating equipment shall be maintained so as to provide an indoor temperature of 68° F., measured at a distance of two feet and more from exterior walls, and at a level of five feet above the floor. Residential premises intended for occupancy between the 15th day of September and the 31st day of May of the following year shall be provided with adequate heat to maintain the indoor temperature as set forth above, in habitable spaces, kitchenettes, bathrooms and toilet rooms.
[Amended 10-3-1991]
(2) 
Fuel-burning heat-producing equipment shall not be located in exits.
(3) 
Fuel-burning water heaters shall not be located in sleeping rooms, bathrooms, or toilet rooms.
B. 
Air pollution. Contaminants emitted into the atmosphere from fuel-burning equipment shall not violate air pollution control regulations promulgated pursuant to state law nor those of any other governmental authority having jurisdiction.
C. 
Warm air heating. Ducts and air-handling equipment used for heating shall conform to the requirements of Subsections E, F and G(3) of § 182-39.
D. 
Portable heaters. Portable heaters are governed by Section 1191.3d of Chapter C of the Uniform Code.
E. 
Fuel supply connection. Fuel-burning equipment shall be permanently fastened and connected in place. Fuel supply connection to such equipment shall be made with pipe or tubing of solid metal or approved appliance connector.
F. 
Installation and clearance. Where heat-producing or cooking equipment is installed on, or adjacent to, combustible materials, the adjacent combustible surface temperature shall not exceed 175° F.
G. 
Air supply.
(1) 
Fuel-burning heating equipment and the enclosure in which it is located shall be provided with a supply of air adequate both for complete combustion at the rated gross output of the equipment and for the ventilation of the enclosure.
(2) 
Rooms containing fuel-burning equipment shall have such air supply provided by one or more openings to the exterior or by fixed openings to interior spaces which open to the exterior.
H. 
Removal of products of combustion.
(1) 
Equipment for burning solid or liquid fuel shall be connected to suitable chimneys or flues and shall not be connected to gas vents.
(2) 
Gas-fired equipment shall be connected to a suitable chimney, flue, or gas vent. Where a gas vent is used, a permanent sign stating the type of heating equipment which may be connected to the gas vent shall be provided and located where the gas vent passes through the wall or ceiling.
I. 
Safety devices.
(1) 
Equipment capable of developing hazardous pressures or temperatures shall be provided with devices to relieve safely such pressures and temperatures.
(2) 
Controls for the safe operation of automatically operated heat-producing equipment shall be provided to function as follows:
(a) 
When failure or interruption of flame or ignition occurs, the fuel supply shall be cut off.
(b) 
When a predetermined temperature or pressure is exceeded, the input of additional heat shall be prevented or reduced to a safe rate.
(c) 
When the water level in a steam boiler drops below a predetermined level, the fuel supply shall be cut off.
(d) 
When failure or interruption of pilot light or main burner of liquefied petroleum gas equipment occurs, the fuel supply to each pilot light and main burner shall be cut off.
(3) 
Fuel-burning space heaters located in bathrooms or toilet rooms less than 100 square feet in area, or in sleeping rooms, shall be provided with controls to cut off the fuel supply upon the failure or interruption of the flame or ignition, or whenever a predetermined temperature or pressure is exceeded.
J. 
Expansion tanks. Hot-water heating systems shall be provided with expansion tanks or other means to allow for the expansion of water in the system.
K. 
Heating of garages.
(1) 
Fuel-burning equipment for garages shall be located in heater rooms, except that equipment burning gas or liquid fuel, located in the vehicle storage space, shall be permitted in stories at or above grade where elevated as follows:
(a) 
Suspended heaters shall be at least eight feet above the floor level.
(b) 
Floor-mounted heaters shall be installed on a noncombustible platform not less than 18 inches above the floor level and shall be protected against physical damage.
(2) 
Garages heated by recirculated air shall be provided with a mechanical means of air handling designed to introduce a sufficient quantity of fresh air to prevent the accumulation of vapors or gases near the floor. Recirculated air shall not be taken from stories below grade level. For stories above grade level, openings for return air shall be at least 18 inches above floors.
A. 
General.
(1) 
Chimneys, smokestacks, flues, gas vents, smoke pipes, and connectors shall be structurally safe, durable, smoketight, and noncombustible. Supports shall be structurally safe and of noncombustible construction.
(2) 
Such facilities shall effectively convey the products of combustion to the outer air.
(3) 
Masonry chimneys shall have noncombustible foundations.
(4) 
Chimneys and metal smokestacks shall have sufficient clearance from building construction, in accordance with generally accepted standards.
(5) 
No flue shall have smoke pipe or gas vent connections in more than one story of a building.
(6) 
Fireplaces and fuel-burning equipment located in different dwelling units shall not be connected to the same flue.
(7) 
A single-wall metal smoke pipe or connector shall not pass through a floor, attic, inside wall, partition, or concealed space.
(8) 
A single-wall metal smoke pipe or connector passing through an exterior wall or a roof shall be guarded at the point of passage by a suitable metal collar.
(9) 
Incinerator flues equipped with service openings shall not be used as flues for other fuel-burning equipment.
(10) 
Chimneys and flues connected to equipment burning solid or liquid fuel shall have a suitable soot pocket and cleanout door at the base.
B. 
Draft. Chimneys, flues, and gas vents shall be installed and maintained to provide sufficient draft.
C. 
Firesafety. Chimneys, flues, and gas vents shall be installed and maintained so that the surface temperature of adjacent combustible construction does not exceed 175° F.
D. 
Spark arresters. A chimney or flue connected to an incinerator, and a chimney or flue which emits sparks, shall be provided with a spark arrester of noncombustible construction. Spark arresters shall have sufficient total clear area to permit unrestricted passage of flue gases. Openings in spark arresters shall be of such size as to prevent passage of embers and to minimize clogging by soot.
A. 
General.
(1) 
Contaminants emitted into the atmosphere from incinerators shall not violate air pollution control regulations promulgated pursuant to state law nor those of any other governmental authority having jurisdiction.
(2) 
Incinerators shall be of adequate capacity for the intended use.
(3) 
Flue-fed incinerators are not permitted.
(4) 
A flue serving an incinerator shall be provided with a substantially constructed spark arrester.
(5) 
Incinerators shall be connected to a suitable noncombustible chimney, smokestack, or flue.
(6) 
Incinerator flues used also for dropping refuse shall be vertical and of noncombustible construction, shall have a smooth finish on the inside, and shall be arranged to provide free passage of refuse without clogging.
B. 
Service openings.
(1) 
Service openings shall be readily accessible to the building occupants.
(2) 
Service openings shall be equipped with metal, self-closing charging devices. An incinerator flue used also for dropping refuse shall have charging devices constructed so that openings to the flue are closed while the charging devices are in the open position. No part of the charging devices shall project into a refuse chute or incinerator flue.
(3) 
Durable signs, with plainly legible letters, shall be conspicuously posted at service openings, stating: "Throwing lighted matches, cigars or cigarettes, carpet sweepings, naphthalene, camphor balls or flakes, floor scrapings, oil-soaked rags, paint cans, aerosol containers, or any other flammable or highly combustible or explosive substance into incinerator chutes is unlawful and subjects the offender to a penalty."
C. 
Incinerator rooms and refuse rooms. In incinerator rooms and refuse rooms, openings for charging refuse directly into incinerators shall be provided with charging doors, designed to minimize the heat transmitted to the incinerator or refuse rooms, and equipped with locks or safety devices to prevent tampering by unauthorized persons.
A. 
General.
(1) 
The electrical system shall be properly installed, connected to an approved source of supply, and maintained free of hazards.
(2) 
Electrical wiring and equipment shall be firmly secured to the surface on which it is mounted.
(3) 
Electrical wiring and equipment in damp or wet locations, or exposed to explosive or flammable gases or excessive temperatures, shall be of an approved type for the purpose and location.
(4) 
Electrical wiring and equipment shall be protected against excessive current by approved, properly rated overcurrent protection devices. Overcurrent protection devices, of ratings higher than the ampacities of the conductors to be protected, shall not be used, except where expressly permitted by generally accepted standards. Where a circuit has been overfused, the Edison-base plug fuse shall be replaced with a Type S plug fuse, of the proper rating, with a suitable fuse adapter.
(5) 
Electrical service equipment and overcurrent protection devices shall be installed in a readily accessible location, and access to such location shall be kept unobstructed.
(6) 
Electrical equipment shall be grounded or otherwise protected by insulation, isolation, or guarding.
(7) 
Parts of electrical equipment which in ordinary operation produce arcs or sparks shall be enclosed, unless separated and isolated from combustible material.
(8) 
Flexible cord shall not be run through holes in walls, ceilings, or floors; or run through doorways, windows, or similar openings; or attached to building surfaces; or concealed behind building walls, above ceilings, or under floors or floor coverings.
B. 
Facilities.
(1) 
A dwelling unit shall be supplied with at least one fifteen-ampere lighting branch circuit for each multiple of 400 square feet of floor area, or fraction thereof.
(2) 
Hotel units, lodging units, and dormitory units shall be supplied with at least one fifteen-ampere lighting branch circuit for each multiple of 600 square feet of cumulative floor area, or fraction thereof.
(3) 
Habitable spaces, except kitchens, shall be provided with at least one receptacle outlet for each multiple of 20 feet, or fraction thereof, of the total distance around the room, measured horizontally along the wall at the floor line. An electric light outlet and fixture may be substituted for only one receptacle outlet.
(4) 
Kitchens and kitchenettes shall be provided with at least two receptacle outlets served by at least one fifteen-ampere small appliance branch circuit. In addition, one electric light outlet and fixture shall be provided.
(5) 
Bathrooms, toilet rooms, and laundry rooms shall be provided with at least one electric light outlet and fixture and one receptacle outlet. Furnace rooms, storage rooms, workshops, and similar service rooms shall be provided with at least one electric light outlet and fixture.
(6) 
Light switches or other devices for controlling lights which illuminate entrances shall be provided at points of entrance to dwelling units, hotel units, lodging units, and dormitory units.
C. 
Exit and directional signs.
(1) 
Exits in multiple dwellings shall be provided with exit and directional signs, visible from the approach to the exits, except that such signs shall not be required in an apartment house, or in those portions of a multiple dwelling where exit from dwelling units, hotel units, lodging units, or dormitory units is directly to the outside.
(2) 
Directional signs shall be provided at locations from which the exit doorway is not readily discernible.
(3) 
Signs shall be worded in plainly legible block letters with the word "Exit" for exit signs and the words "To Exit" with a suitable pointer or arrow indicating the direction of exit for directional signs.
(4) 
Any door, passageway, stair, or other means of communication that is not an exit, or that is not a way to an exit, but is so located as to be mistaken for an exit shall be identified with a sign reading "Not An Exit," or identified by a sign indicating its use or purpose, or provided with a directional sign.
(5) 
Letters for signs shall be conspicuous, readily discernible, and at least six inches high with three-fourths-inch strokes.
(6) 
Signs shall be illuminated either externally or internally by electric lights and be kept illuminated at all times when the building is occupied. Such electric lights shall be supplied with current from a separate circuit, or circuits which supply no other outlets.
D. 
Overhead conductors.
(1) 
Overhead electrical conductors, rated 600 volts or less, shall clear on-premises areas as follows:
Location
Clearance
(feet)
Above streets, driveways, parking spaces and other use areas where motor vehicles are permitted
18
Above areas accessible to pedestrians only
10
Above buildings and structures
8
Horizontal clearance from any window, door, porch, balcony or other similar point of access
6
(2) 
Metal fences, enclosures, or railings which enclose a swimming pool and which could become energized through accidental contact with overhead electrical conductors shall be properly grounded.
[1]
Editor's Note: See Art. V of Ch. 125 for electrical inspections.
A. 
General.
(1) 
There shall be provided within each dwelling unit approved-type cooking and approved-type refrigeration equipment located in a kitchen or kitchenette. If the landlord does not provide cooking or refrigeration equipment, approved hookup fixtures shall be provided in convenient locations.
(2) 
Approved-type cooking shall be of the stationary type.
(3) 
Electrical cooking and refrigeration equipment shall be properly connected to the electrical system.
(4) 
Gas-burning cooking and refrigeration equipment shall be connected to the gas supply system with pipe or tubing of solid metal or approved appliance connectors.
(5) 
Cooking and refrigeration equipment shall be maintained in good operating condition.
B. 
Ranges and gas refrigerators.
(1) 
Ranges shall be installed with clearance for ventilation.
(2) 
Water-cooled gas refrigerators shall be prohibited.
(3) 
Air-cooled gas refrigerators shall be installed and maintained so that the burner operates properly, there is no emission of excessive heat or odors, there is no discharge of carbon monoxide, the flue is not internally clogged, the flue outlet is free of obstructions, and the refrigerator is not otherwise defective.
(4) 
Air-cooled gas refrigerators shall be equipped with:
(a) 
An integral flue which is resistant to the corrosive action of flue gases;
(b) 
A dust-incinerating gas burner, gas pressure regulator, gas supply filter, and thermostat; and
(c) 
A device to automatically shut off the gas supply to the burner when the pilot flame is extinguished.
C. 
Communal kitchens. Communal kitchens shall be provided with kitchen equipment complying with the requirements of Table I. Clear working space in front of such equipment shall be at least four feet.
Table I Communal Kitchen Equipment Requirements
Equipment
Number of Occupants
Served 12 and Fewer
13 or More
Sink
24-inch front
Additional 24-inch unit for each multiple of six occupants, or fraction thereof
Range
4 burners
Additional 4-burner unit for each multiple of six occupants, or fraction thereof
Oven*
6 cubic feet
Additional 6-cubic-foot unit for each multiple of six occupants, or fraction thereof
Refrigerator
12 cubic feet
Additional 1 cubic foot per occupant
Storage cabinets
42 cubic feet
Additional 1 1/2 cubic feet per occupant
NOTES:
*May be separate unit or part of range unit.
Air-conditioning and mechanical ventilation equipment and systems shall conform to the requirements of § 182-39, except that concealed spaces within the structure may be used for return air, in accordance with generally accepted standards.
A. 
Refrigeration.
(1) 
Mechanical refrigeration equipment shall be installed and maintained so as not to be a hazard from excessive pressure or refrigerant leakage.
(2) 
Refrigerating equipment shall not be located in exits, except that self-contained refrigerating units may be permitted in lobbies, corridors or passageways, provided that they do not obstruct or diminish the width of exits.
B. 
Refrigerants.
(1) 
Refrigerants shall be normally nontoxic and nonflammable.
(2) 
The amount of refrigerant contained in each direct refrigerating system shall not exceed the amount that in case of leakage may be contained safely, in accordance with generally accepted standards, in the space in which the equipment is located, or in the spaces in which the refrigerant would be dissipated.
(3) 
Systems containing refrigerants exceeding the limit stated in Subsection B(2) shall be of the indirect type.
(4) 
Refrigerating equipment shall not be located in exits, except that self-contained refrigerating units may be permitted in lobbies, corridors or passageways, provided that they do not obstruct or diminish the width of exits.
C. 
Safety controls. Refrigerating equipment shall be provided with devices to relieve excessive pressures safely.
D. 
Cooling towers. Cooling towers shall be installed and maintained so that when in operation noise, fog, or water spray will not cause a nuisance.
E. 
Mechanical ventilating systems.
(1) 
Ventilating systems shall be installed and maintained so that the rapid spread of heat, flame, or smoke through the system will be prevented.
(2) 
Shafts, other than those designed for ventilating purposes, stairways, passageways, exits, hoistways, or attics shall not be used as plenum chambers.
(3) 
Ducts shall be securely fastened in place and appropriately fire stopped.
(4) 
Ducts and other air-handling equipment shall be of noncombustible material.
(5) 
Filters shall be installed and maintained so as not to constitute a fire or smoke hazard.
(6) 
Ducts passing through or located within combustible construction shall be separated from such construction by a clearance of at least 1/2 inch or by a noncombustible insulating material at least 1/4 inch thick.
(7) 
Ducts passing through fire walls shall be equipped with a fire damper or shutter on each side of the fire wall. Ducts passing through other fire separations shall be equipped with a single fire damper or shutter.
(8) 
Air required for ventilation shall be taken from the exterior or shall be quality controlled, including an amount of exterior air equal to not less than one air change per hour.
(9) 
Exhaust air from a dwelling unit, or a space whose contents may emit odors, fumes, or vapors, shall not be circulated to another dwelling unit or to other spaces within the building.
F. 
Air intake and exhaust openings.
(1) 
Air intake openings shall be installed, located, and maintained to prevent the possibility of fire, smoke, fumes, or foreign matter being drawn into the system.
(2) 
Air exhaust openings shall be installed, located, and maintained so that exhaust air will not constitute a hazard or nuisance.
(3) 
Ventilating systems shall be provided with adequate openings for incoming and outgoing air to obtain the required circulation. Intake openings shall provide for air to be received from an uncontaminated source.
(4) 
Where openings for mechanical exhaust are located in spaces that also contain fuel-burning equipment, there shall be provided fixed intake openings from the exterior to supply sufficient air so that the fuel-burning equipment is not adversely affected.
G. 
Ventilation requirements.
(1) 
Enclosures or spaces where heat, gases, vapors, or odors accumulate and may become a hazard or nuisance shall be provided with mechanical ventilation to remove such excess.
(2) 
Cooking equipment in central kitchens shall be provided with mechanical exhaust systems which are not connected with any other exhaust system. Such systems shall be provided with equipment or filters to prevent the entry of flammable materials into ducts. Openings shall be provided to permit easy inspection and cleaning. System shall be installed and maintained so that in the event of fire the danger of spread to other parts of the building is minimized.
(3) 
Mechanical ventilating systems shall be installed and maintained so that the temperature and velocity of the air coming into contact with occupants does not constitute a health hazard.
(4) 
Required mechanical ventilation shall be provided in accordance with Table II.
Table II Mechanical Ventilation Requirements
Space
Minimum Ventilation
Shower rooms, locker rooms and dressing rooms
6 air changes per hour
Recreation rooms
2 air changes per hour
Lounges, reception rooms, dining rooms and meeting rooms
4 air changes per hour
Workshops, service rooms, paint storage rooms and utility service rooms
1 air change per hour
Laundry rooms
2 air changes per hour
Central kitchens
4 air changes per hour
Hoods for cooking equipment in central kitchens
100 cfm per square foot of hood
Central dining rooms
4 air changes per hour
Garage areas
Above grade exceeding 1,000 square feet
4 air changes per hour
Below grade
6 air changes per hour
Passageways, hallways, corridors and stairways
Above grade
1/2 air change per hour
Below grade
1 air change per hour
H. 
Safety controls. Safety controls shall conform to Section 1004.2e of the Uniform Code.
A. 
General.
(1) 
Fire-protection equipment, including fire alarm, fire detecting, watchman, sprinkler, and standpipe systems and portable fire extinguishers, shall be maintained in proper operating condition at all times.
(2) 
Sprinkler and standpipe systems shall have an adequate water supply available at all times.
(3) 
Fire Department connections shall be conspicuously identified and maintained readily accessible for Fire Department use.
B. 
Fire alarm and fire detecting systems. Fire alarm and fire detecting systems shall be suitable for their respective purposes. Equipment and devices comprising such systems shall be of the approved type and conform to generally accepted standards.
C. 
Sprinkler systems.
(1) 
Sprinkler systems shall be maintained in good condition, free from mechanical injury. Sprinkler heads shall be maintained clean, free of corrosion and paint, and not bent or damaged.
(2) 
Unsupervised valves controlling water supply to sprinklers shall be secured in the open position.
(3) 
Supports for piping and equipment shall be structurally sound.
(4) 
Portions of the system subject to freezing shall be appropriately protected.
(5) 
Storage of materials shall not interfere with the effective discharge of water from the sprinkler heads.
(6) 
Water supply for the sprinklers shall be adequate to effectively extinguish the fire or confine it without spread.
D. 
Standpipe systems.
(1) 
Gate valves at hose stations shall be maintained tight against leaks.
(2) 
Hose shall be in proper position ready for operation, dry, and free of deterioration.
(3) 
Hose stations shall be conspicuously identified, located for easy accessibility, and installed to provide for the quick and easy use of equipment. Cabinets shall have keyless doors.
(4) 
Valves in the water supply pipe for the standpipe system shall be open at all times.
E. 
Portable fire extinguishers.
(1) 
Portable fire extinguishers shall be of the following types: approved multipurpose dry chemical type, classified for use on Class A (combustible), Class B (flammable liquids), and Class C (electrical) fires; and approved water type, classified for use on Class A fires. Extinguishers shall have at least a two-unit rating, in accordance with generally accepted standards.
(2) 
Portable fire extinguishers shall be maintained in an efficient and safe operating condition.
(3) 
Portable fire extinguishers shall be in their designated location and clearly visible, except that they may be located in an enclosure or recess conspicuously identified as containing a fire extinguisher.
A. 
Elevators, dumbwaiters, and escalators shall be designed, installed, and maintained to safely sustain the loads to which they are subject, to operate properly, and to be free of physical and fire hazards.
B. 
Elevator and power-operated dumbwaiter cars shall be provided with durable signs, in conspicuous locations within such cars, on which the rated capacity, in pounds, is stated. Signs in passenger elevators shall also state the total number of passengers permitted, determined by dividing the rated capacity by 150.
C. 
Elevator cars shall be provided with approved means for transmitting a signal outside the hoistway in case of emergency, in accordance with generally accepted standards.
D. 
Hoistways and pits shall be maintained free of rubbish or other debris.
E. 
Machine rooms shall be maintained free of oil and grease, including oily and greasy clothes, rags, and other such materials, and shall not be used for storage of articles or materials unnecessary for the maintenance of the elevator or dumbwaiter. Flammable liquids shall not be kept in such rooms.
F. 
Safety devices and electrical protective devices shall be operative at all times, except during tests, inspections, or repairs.