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City of Hudson, WI
St. Croix County
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Table of Contents
Table of Contents
[HISTORY: Adopted by the Common Council of the City of Hudson by Ord. No. 8-83. Amendments noted where applicable.]
GENERAL REFERENCES
Building construction and fire prevention — See Ch. 106.
Zoning — See Ch. 255.
For the purpose of this chapter, the terms defined in this chapter shall have the meanings and definitions below:
DEPENDENT UNIT
A mobile home which does not have complete bathroom or shower and toilet facilities and is not intended for year-round occupancy.
MOBILE HOME
Any structure taxed as a mobile home under the Wisconsin statutes and constructed in such a manner as will permit occupancy thereof as a dwelling, or sleeping quarters for one or more persons, and so designed that it is or may be mounted on wheels and used as a conveyance on highways or city streets, propelled or drawn by its own or other motor power, or it can be transported in one or several segments by some other means other than its own power, excepting a device used exclusively upon stationary rails or tracks. For purposes of this chapter, each mobile home must be constructed after 1976 and meet all federal government requirements for building standards and codes.
MOBILE HOME PARK
Any park, court, campsite, plot, parcel or tract of land designed, maintained, intended or used for the purpose of supplying a location or accommodation for mobile homes (nondependent units only), and shall include all buildings used or intended for use as part of the equipment thereof, whether or not a charge is made for the use of the Mobile Home Park District as authorized by Chapter 255, Zoning. A mobile home park shall not include automobile or mobile home sales lots on which unoccupied mobile homes are parked for purposes of inspection and sale.
NONDEPENDENT UNIT
A mobile home equipped with complete bath and toilet facilities, all furniture, cooking and heating appliances and complete year-round facilities.
PERSON
An individual, partnership, firm, company or corporation, whether tenant, owner, lessee, licensee or his or its agent, heirs or assigns.
SIZE
Each mobile home located within a mobile home park in the city shall contain a minimum of 960 square feet of livable area.
SPACE
A plot of ground in a mobile home park of not less than 6,000 square feet designed for the location of one mobile home with sufficient area for the parking of two automobiles.
Except as provided in this chapter, no person shall park any mobile home on any street, alley or highway or other public place or any tract of land owned by any person within the city that is not properly zoned and within the definition of a "mobile home park."
A. 
Emergency or temporary stopping or parking is permitted on any street, alley or highway for not longer than 24 hours, subject to any other and further prohibitions, regulations or limitations imposed by the traffic and parking regulations and ordinances for that particular street, alley or highway that the mobile home is parked on.
B. 
A special permit may be granted the City Clerk or Mayor for a longer period after a written application therefor is made to the city. The application shall give the name of the applicant, the owner or lessee of the mobile home, the desired location and the dates and hours requested for overtime parking. The permit may be granted for not to exceed five days if the issuing official finds that such parking will not interfere with the orderly flow of traffic or be otherwise injurious to the welfare of the city or its residents. The permit may be granted on the condition that the parking fees for such location are paid to the City Clerk in advance.
C. 
No person shall park or occupy any mobile home on any premises which is situated outside an approved mobile home park. The parking of only one unoccupied mobile home in an accessory private garage building or in a rear yard is permitted, provided that no living quarters shall be maintained or any business practiced in such mobile home while it is so parked or stored, except recreational-type campers. No person shall park or occupy any mobile home unit as defined in this chapter as a result of the inclusion of additions, attachments and annexes, foundations and appurtenances.
D. 
The provisions of this chapter shall not apply to mobile homes parked in the city and occupied as homes as a nonconforming use prior to April 6, 1970. Replacement of such mobile homes shall not be permitted, provided that in hardship cases the Common Council may, by resolution formally adopted by the Common Council, permit a person to replace his present mobile home. The permit allowing replacement of such mobile home shall not extend beyond the life of the current owners. Upon death of the current owners, the replacement mobile home shall be removed from the property. Current owners may not transfer ownership of a nonconforming mobile home.
A. 
No person shall establish, operate or maintain or permit to be operated or maintained, upon property owned, leased or controlled by him, a mobile home park within the corporate boundaries of the city without having first secured a license for each park from the Common Council pursuant to this chapter. Such license shall expire one year from the date of issuance but may be renewed under the provisions of this chapter for additional periods of one year.
B. 
The city shall grant an occupancy permit setting forth conditions to be met before allowing occupancy of any mobile home units or any additional units.
C. 
The application for such license or the renewal thereof shall be filed with the City Clerk and shall be accompanied by a fee, the amount of which shall be determined annually by the Common Council, and a surety bond in the sum of $10,000 shall accompany such application. This bond shall guarantee the collection by the licensee of the monthly parking permit fee or tax provided for in § 168-6 and the payment of such fees or tax to the City Clerk and the payment by the licensee of any fine or forfeiture, including legal costs, imposed upon or levied against such licensee for a violation of the ordinances of the city or county or state laws pursuant to which the license is granted and shall also be for the use and benefit and may be prosecuted and recovery had thereon by any person who may be injured or damaged by reason of the licensee violating the provisions of this chapter. Any license transfer shall be approved by the Common Council in writing.
D. 
Before any license is issued, the applicant shall have met all of the specifications and codes set up by the city and the state on mobile home parks and shall file with the Clerk a statement from the state stating that the applicant has met and conformed to all specifications set forth by the state.
E. 
No mobile home park license shall be issued until the premises have been inspected by the Building Inspector and proper officials of the state, and these officials shall inspect or cause to be inspected each application and the premises to determine whether the applicant and the premises on which mobile homes will be located comply with the regulations, ordinances and laws applicable thereto. No license shall be renewed without a reinspection of the premises. For the purpose of making inspections and securing enforcement, such officials or their authorized agents shall have the right and are hereby empowered to enter on any premises on which a mobile home is located or about to be located and to inspect the same and all accommodations connected therewith at any reasonable time.
F. 
The application for a license shall be accompanied by four copies of the mobile home park plan showing the following, either existing or proposed:
(1) 
The extent and area proposed for mobile home park purposes.
(2) 
Roads and driveways.
(3) 
Locations of sites or units for each mobile home unit.
(4) 
Proposed street surfacing and lighting.
(5) 
Off-street parking.
(6) 
Patios.
(7) 
Location of community building and a general architectural plan of it.
(8) 
Location of recreation facilities.
(9) 
Location of sidewalks.
(10) 
Location of setback lines.
(11) 
Location of screening, planting, green areas, etc.
(12) 
A central storage area for boats, snowmobiles, campers, trailers, camper trailers and other equipment. Such central storage area shall be enclosed and appropriately screened.
(13) 
The estimated time for the completion of the various improvements.
(14) 
Other appropriate information requested by the city.
G. 
No license for any mobile home park shall be issued by the Common Council until after a public hearing has been held on the matter by the Council. This hearing shall be advertised in the official newspaper of the city at least once, not less than 10 days and not more than 20 days prior to the issuance of any permit. Such recommendation from the Plan Commission shall precede the holding of the public hearing by the Common Council.
A. 
Every mobile home park shall have sufficient area and plans for the development of a maximum of 50 spaces, each space containing a minimum of 6,000 square feet. Each mobile home park shall also have a full-time manager.
B. 
Every mobile home park shall be located on a well-drained area and the premises shall be properly graded so as to prevent the accumulation of stormwater or other waters.
C. 
Every mobile home located within a mobile home park shall have a minimum of 960 square feet.
D. 
Each space shall have a gross area of not less than 6,000 square feet, including off-street parking areas.
E. 
Each space shall have a minimum width of 55 feet measured at the setback line for a mobile home less than 15 feet in width and a minimum width of 65 feet for a mobile home of over 15 feet in width.
F. 
Front setback of mobile homes shall be no less than 20 feet from the curb and no less than 17 feet from the sidewalk.
G. 
There shall be no less than 10 feet between a mobile home and any side line of a space.
H. 
There shall be no less than 20 feet of space between mobile homes in all directions.
I. 
A patio shall be constructed on the ground beside each mobile home site. This patio shall be no less than 100 square feet in area and constructed of concrete with a four-inch minimum thickness and installed within 30 days after placement of the mobile home.
J. 
At least one shade tree (minimum diameter two inches at time of planting) shall be placed and maintained on each space. No box elder trees shall be allowed.
K. 
Except for the areas used for the mobile home, patio, sidewalk and off-street parking space, if any, the entire space shall be sodded or seeded and maintained with grass in a presentable manner.
L. 
Streets shall be 32 feet wide with off-street parking areas provided and shall meet existing city engineering standards.
M. 
Integral concrete sidewalks (48 inches wide) shall be constructed on at least one side of the street. Concrete curb and gutters shall be constructed to city engineering standards on both sides of the street.
N. 
A central television antenna shall be provided for the mobile homes, and no television antennas shall be permitted on a unit or in a space.
O. 
All telephone, electric and television wires and cables shall be underground. All fuel lines and tanks shall also be underground.
P. 
A community building in a central location shall be constructed, which may contain living quarters and office space for the park manager, and shall have a recreation hall with lavatories. The building shall have adequate basement area for storm protection as defined by the Emergency Government Code for all residents of the mobile home park.
Q. 
An area adjacent to the community building shall be provided with clotheslines for exterior clothes drying. Exterior clotheslines shall be permitted on individual spaces. However, all exterior clothes drying shall be restricted to rear yards.
R. 
Every unit shall have at least 36 square feet for the exterior storage of garbage cans, tools and other things not stored within the mobile home or in the central storage area. These buildings shall be no closer than three feet to any mobile home unit. All storage sheds shall be attached to a permanent foundation.
S. 
Every park shall provide a central storage area for the storage of boats, boat trailers, campers and camper trailers, hauling trailers and snowmobiles and all other equipment not stored within the mobile home or the utility building. This area shall be fenced and screened with trees and shrubs.
T. 
Every space shall be furnished with an electric service outlet equipped with an externally operated switch or fuse of a capacity not less than 100 amperes and a heavy-duty outlet receptacle, all complying with the Wisconsin Electrical Code.
U. 
The parking of more than one mobile home on any single space shall not be permitted.
V. 
Water facilities, sewage disposal and streetlighting (except for those services accepted by the city) shall be installed and maintained by the owner of the mobile home park and shall be constructed in accordance with the laws of the state, the recommendations of the State Department of Health and Family Services and the ordinances and the requirements of the city.
W. 
A minimum of 10% of the mobile home park area, exclusive of streets and storage area, shall be devoted to a designated park and recreation area and shall be furnished with park-type equipment for the use of mobile home park residents. The mobile home park must also comply with Chapter 181, Parks, Recreation and Open Space.
X. 
Fire hydrants shall be placed throughout the area in such a way as to satisfy the City Fire Chief that adequate fire protection is achieved. Installation and rental of the hydrant shall be paid by the licensee, unless the system is accepted by the city.
Y. 
Cable hooks for anchoring mobile homes to the ground to prevent wind damage shall be provided on each space. All mobile homes shall be securely anchored with cables attached to the cable hooks provided. The spacing and sizing shall comply with the Wisconsin Administrative Code.
A. 
In every mobile home park there shall be located an office for the manager or a person in charge of the mobile home park. A copy of the park license and of this chapter shall be posted therein, and the park register shall be kept in the office at all times.
B. 
The manager or person in charge, together with the licensee, shall be responsible for administering the license and shall:
(1) 
Keep an updated register of all residents of the mobile home park and the spaces that their respective mobile homes occupy.
(2) 
Maintain the park in a clean, orderly and sanitary condition at all times. No stripped, junked or wrecked vehicles not in good and safe operating condition shall be allowed anywhere in the mobile home park, and the repair of automobiles, motorcycles, snowmobiles and other vehicles shall be prohibited except in the storage area.
(3) 
Assure that the provisions of this chapter are complied with and enforced and report promptly to the proper authorities any violations of this chapter and/or any other violations of law which come to his or her attention.
(4) 
Collect the monthly parking permit fee or tax provided for in § 168-6. A book shall be kept showing the names of the persons paying such service charges and the amount paid and the date thereof.
(5) 
Prohibit parking on the lawn in front of mobile homes.
(6) 
Require all mobile homes to be skirted from the mobile home to the ground with the same material as, or equal to, that from which the mobile home is made.
(7) 
Not allow a dependent mobile home to occupy a space in the mobile home park.
(8) 
Deny a person occupying a mobile home or trailer or a licensee of such park the right to build or cause to be constructed any foundation, pier, posts, lean-to, sheds or additions to the mobile home or trailer while parked within any licensed mobile home park. Nothing herein contained shall prohibit the use of commercially manufactured stabilizing equipment or the skirts required by Subsection B(6) above or the addition of factory-built awnings, porches, steps or platforms. However, the manager shall require that like or comparable materials shall be required that were used for the mobile home itself.
(9) 
Not allow any licensee or occupant to erect upon any licensed mobile home park any tent, sectional or prefabricated cabin or cottage or any other structure intended to be used for dwelling purposes or to be used in connection with or added to any mobile home legally located on a space in such a park, except for a dwelling and office for the park manager, which shall be constructed with and in accordance with the standards of Chapter 106, Building Construction and Fire Prevention, Article II, Building Code, for residences.
C. 
Snow removal, street maintenance and streetlighting shall be provided by the park licensee without expense to the city.
D. 
There shall be no open fires of any kind allowed, except for charcoal or gas barbecues.
There is hereby imposed on each owner or operator of a mobile home park licensed herein a monthly tax, as determined in accordance with W.S.A. s. 66.058, on each occupied, nonexempt mobile home which shall be parked in such park at any time during the month. The licensee shall collect the proper amount from each mobile home and pay the Clerk such parking permit fee or tax on or before the 10th of the month following the month for which such fee or tax is due, in accordance with the terms of this chapter and such regulations as the Clerk may reasonably promulgate.
[1]
Editor's Note: Amended at time of adoption of Code (see Ch. 1, General Provisions, Art. I).
The Council may revoke any license or permit issued pursuant to this chapter and in accordance with W.S.A. s. 66.058.
A. 
Any person violating any provision of this chapter shall, upon conviction thereof, forfeit not less than $10 nor more than $200 and the costs of prosecution and, in default of payment of such forfeiture and costs, shall be imprisoned in the county jail until payment of such forfeiture and the costs of prosecution, but not to exceed 90 days for each violation. Each day of violation shall constitute a separate offense.
B. 
As an alternate method of enforcement against any person operating a mobile home park without the license required in this chapter, the City Attorney may procure injunctive relief in favor of the city against such person.