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City of Hudson, WI
St. Croix County
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Table of Contents
Table of Contents
[HISTORY: Adopted by the Common Council of the City of Hudson by Ord. No. 1-81 as Ch. 5, Secs. 5.20 through 5.57 and 5.80 of the 1981 Code. Amendments noted where applicable.]
GENERAL REFERENCES
Public construction — See Ch. 67.
Nuisances — See Ch. 175.
Solid waste — See Ch. 207.
Streets and sidewalks — See Ch. 212.
Water — See Ch. 242.
Subdivision of land — See Ch. 254.
This chapter sets forth uniform requirements for discharges into the City's wastewater treatment works and enables the City to comply with all state and federal laws.
A. 
Objectives. The objectives of this chapter are:
(1) 
To prevent the introduction of pollutants into the wastewater treatment works which will interfere with the operation of the system or the use or disposal of the sludge.
(2) 
To prevent the introduction of pollutants into the wastewater treatment works which pass through the system inadequately treated into receiving waters or the atmosphere or would otherwise be incompatible with the system.
(3) 
To improve the opportunity to recycle and reclaim wastewater and sludge from the system.
B. 
This chapter provides for the regulation of discharges into the City's wastewater treatment works through the issuance of permits to certain users and through enforcement of the general requirements for the other users, authorizes monitoring and enforcement activities and requires user reporting.
C. 
This chapter shall apply to the City and to persons outside the City who are, by contract or agreement with the City, users of the City wastewater treatment works. Except as otherwise provided herein, the Public Utility Department shall administer, implement and enforce the provisions of this chapter.
[Amended 8-1-2016 by Ord. No. 19-16]
A. 
Unless the context specifically indicates otherwise, the following terms, as used herein, shall have the following meanings:
ACT
The Federal Water Pollution Control Act, also know as the "Clean Water Act," as amended, 33 U.S.C. § 1251 et seq.
BIOCHEMICAL OXYGEN DEMAND (BOD)
The quantity of oxygen utilized in the biochemical oxidation of organic matter under standard laboratory procedure in five days at 20° C., expressed in terms of weight and concentration (milligrams per liter).
BUILDING DRAIN
That part of the lowest horizontal piping of a drainage system which receives the discharge from soil, waste and other drainage pipes inside building walls and conveys it to the building sewer, beginning outside the inner face of the building wall.
BUILDING SEWER
The extension from the building drain to the municipal sewer or other place of disposal.
CITY
The City of Hudson or the Common Council of the City of Hudson.
(1) 
A commercial business discharging wastewater.
(2) 
A user not categorized as residential or industrial.
COOLING WATER
The water discharged from any use, such as air conditioning, cooling or refrigeration, or during which the only constituent added to the water is heat.
DEPARTMENT
The Public Utility Department of the City of Hudson.
[Amended 8-1-2016 by Ord. No. 19-16]
GARBAGE
Solid wastes from the preparation, cooking and dispensing of food and from the handling, storage and sale of produce.
INDUSTRIAL USER
A person who discharges into the City's wastewater treatment works liquid wastes resulting from the processes employed in industry or manufacturing or from the development of any natural resource.
INDUSTRIAL WASTEWATER
The liquid wastes from industrial processes.
LOT
A plot of land in any part of the City containing no more than one connection to the wastewater treatment works.
MUNICIPAL SEWER
A sewer in which all owners of abutting properties have equal rights and which is controlled by public authority.
NATURAL OUTLET
Any outlet into a watercourse, pond, ditch, lake or other body of surface water or groundwater.
PARCEL OF LAND
Any piece of real estate not being a part of any regular subdivision or addition.
PERSON
The state or any agency or institution thereof and any municipality, governmental subdivision, public or private corporation, individual, partnership or other entity, including but not limited to an association, commission or any interstate body, and including any officer of a governmental subdivision or public or private corporation or other entity.
pH
The logarithm of the reciprocal of the concentration of hydrogen ions in grams per liter of solution.
PREMISES
Any piece of real estate having one or more sewers which may be connected, either individually or through a common sewer and directly or indirectly, to the wastewater treatment works.
PRETREATMENT
The process of reducing the amount of pollutants, eliminating pollutants or altering the nature of pollutant properties in wastewater to a less harmful state prior to or in lieu of discharging or otherwise introducing such pollutants into the City's wastewater treatment works. The reduction, elimination or alteration may be obtained by physical, chemical or biological processes, process changes or other means, except as prohibited by § 198-6 of this chapter.
PROPERLY SHREDDED GARBAGE
The wastes from the preparation, cooking and dispensing of food that have been shredded to such a degree that all particles will be carried freely, under the flow conditions normally prevailing in municipal sewers, with no particle greater than 1/2 inch in any dimension.
RESIDENTIAL USER
A user discharging only sanitary wastewater.
SANITARY SEWER
A sewer which carries wastewater and to which stormwater, surface water and groundwater are not intentionally admitted.
SEWER
A pipe or conduit for carrying wastewater.
SIGNIFICANT INDUSTRIAL USER
Any user of the City's wastewater treatment works which:
(1) 
Has a wastewater flow of 50,000 gallons or more per average workday.
(2) 
Has a flow greater than 5% of the flow in the City's wastewater treatment works.
(3) 
Has in its wastes toxic pollutants as defined pursuant to Section 307 of the Act or Wisconsin statutes of law.
(4) 
Has a significant impact, either singly or in combination with other contributing industries, on the wastewater treatment works, the quality of sludge, the treatment works' effluent quality or air emissions generated by the treatment works.
SLUG
Any discharge of water, wastewater or industrial waste which, in concentration of any given constituent or in quantity of flow, exceeds for longer than 15 minutes more than five times the average twenty-four-hour concentration or flows during a normal operation.
STATE
The State of Wisconsin.
STORM SEWER (sometimes termed "storm drain")
A sewer which carries stormwater and surface water and drainage but excludes sewage and industrial wastes, other than unpolluted cooling water.
STORMWATER
Any flow occurring during or following any form of natural precipitation and resulting therefrom.
SUSPENDED SOLIDS
The total suspended matter that floats on the surface of or is suspended in water or other liquids and which is removable by a standard glass fiber filter.
USER
Any person who discharges or causes or permits the discharge of wastewater into the City's wastewater treatment works.
UTILITY DIRECTOR
The supervisor of the Wastewater Treatment Utility and the Water Utility, or his/her duly authorized deputy, agent or representative.
[Added 8-1-2016 by Ord. No. 19-16]
WASTEWATER
The liquid and water-carried industrial or domestic wastes from dwellings, commercial buildings, industrial facilities and institutions, together with any groundwater, surface water and stormwater that may be present, whether treated or untreated, which is discharged into or permitted to enter the City's wastewater treatment works.
WASTEWATER DIRECTOR
The supervisor of the wastewater treatment plant or his duly authorized deputy, agent or representative.[1]
WASTEWATER TREATMENT WORKS
Any devices, facilities, structures, equipment or works owned or used by the City for the purpose of the transmission, storage, treatment, recycling and reclamation of industrial and domestic wastewater or necessary to recycle or reuse water, including intercepting sewers, outfall sewers, sewage collection systems, pumping, power and other equipment and their appurtenances; extensions, improvements, remodeling, additions and alterations thereof; elements essential to provide a reliable recycled water supply, such as standby treatment units and clear well facilities; and any works, including land, that will be an integral part of the treatment process or used for ultimate disposal of residues resulting from such treatment.
WATERCOURSE
A channel in which a flow of water occurs, whether continuously or intermittently.
WATERS OF THE STATE
All streams, lakes, ponds, marshes, watercourses, waterways, wells, springs, reservoirs, aquifers, irrigation systems, drainage systems and all other bodies or accumulations of water, surface or underground, natural or artificial, public or private, which are contained within, flow through or border upon the state or any portion thereof.
WISCONSIN POLLUTANT DISCHARGE ELIMINATION SYSTEM (WPDES) PERMIT
Any permit or requirements issued by the Department of Natural Resources pursuant to the Federal Water Pollution Control Act, as amended, for the purpose of regulating the discharge of sewage, industrial wastes or other wastes under the authority of Section 402 of the Act.
[1]
Editor's Note: Throughout this chapter, references to the "Director of Public Works" and "Director" were amended to "Wastewater Superintendent" 5-1-2000 by Ord. No. 9-00. All such references to "Wastewater Superintendent" were subsequently changed to "Wastewater Director" at the request of the City.
B. 
"Shall" is mandatory; "may" is permissive.
C. 
Other terms. Terms not otherwise defined herein shall be accorded their usual and customary meaning under Wisconsin law.
A. 
No person shall place, deposit or permit to be deposited in any unsanitary manner upon public or private property within the City, in any area under the City's jurisdiction, any human or animal excrement, garbage or other objectionable waste.
B. 
No person shall discharge to any natural outlet within the City or in any area under the City's jurisdiction any wastewater, industrial wastes or other polluted water, except where suitable treatment has been provided in accordance with the provisions of this chapter.
C. 
Except as herein provided, no person shall construct or maintain any privy, privy vault, septic tank, cesspool or other facility intended or used for disposal of wastewater.
D. 
The owner of all houses, buildings or properties used for human occupancy, employment, recreation or other purpose situated within the City and abutting on any street, alley or right-of-way in which there is now located or may in the future be located a public sanitary sewer of the City is hereby required, at his expense, to install toilet facilities therein and to connect such facilities directly with the proper municipal sewer in accordance with the provisions of this chapter within 90 days after the date of official notice to do so, provided that the City sewer is within a reasonable distance as determined by the Wastewater Director.
[Amended 5-1-2000 by Ord. No. 9-00]
A. 
Where a municipal sanitary sewer is not available under the provisions of § 198-3D, the building shall be connected to an individual wastewater disposal system complying with the provisions of the City.
B. 
At such time as a municipal sewer becomes available to a property served by an individual wastewater treatment system as provided in § 198-3C, a direct connection shall be made to the municipal sewer in compliance with this chapter, and any septic tanks, cesspools and similar individual wastewater disposal facilities shall be abandoned and filled with suitable material at the owner's expense.
A. 
No unauthorized person shall uncover, make any connection with or opening into, use, alter or disturb any municipal sewer or appurtenance thereof without first obtaining a plumbing permit from the Wastewater Director.
B. 
Any person desiring sewer service from the municipal sewer system for premises not connected with the system shall apply to the Wastewater Director for a plumbing permit. The plumbing permit application shall be supplemented by any plans, specifications or other information considered pertinent in the judgment of the Wastewater Director. The Wastewater Director shall be notified by the permit applicant prior to any digging or hookup for information on acceptable location and inspection requirements.
C. 
All costs and expenses incidental to the installation and connection of the building sewer shall be borne by the owner. The owner shall indemnify the City from any loss or damage that may directly or indirectly be occasioned by the installation of the building sewer.
D. 
A separate and independent building sewer shall be provided for every building, except that under exceptional circumstances the Wastewater Director may waive the provisions of this subsection.
E. 
Old building sewers may be used in connection with new buildings only when they are found on examination and testing to meet all requirements of the City.
F. 
The alignment and materials of construction of a building sewer and the methods to be used in excavating, placing of the pipe, jointing, testing and backfilling the trench shall conform to the requirements of the Building and Plumbing Codes or other applicable rules and regulations of the City.[1]
[1]
Editor's Note: See Ch. 106, Building Construction and Fire Prevention.
G. 
The size and slope of the building sewer shall be subject to the approval of the Department, but the diameter shall not be less than four inches. The slope of such four-inch pipe shall not be less than 1/4 inch per foot. It shall be required that the service stub or wye connection and the building drain shall be uncovered and the differential elevation be determined before construction is begun. Where practicable, the building connection shall be laid on a uniform grade between those two points.
H. 
Whenever possible, the building sewer shall be brought to the building at an elevation below the basement floor. No building sewer shall be laid parallel to and within three feet of any bearing wall which might thereby be weakened. The depth shall be sufficient to afford protection from frost. The building sewer shall be laid at uniform grade and in straight alignment insofar as possible. Changes in direction shall be made only with properly curved pipe and fittings.
I. 
In all buildings in which any building drain is too low to permit gravity flow to the municipal sewer, wastewater carried by such drain shall be lifted by approved artificial means and discharged to the building sewer.
J. 
No person shall make connection of roof downspouts, exterior foundation drains, areaway drains or other sources of surface runoff or groundwater to a building sewer or building drain which in turn is connected directly or indirectly to a public sanitary sewer.
K. 
All building sewer connections must be made to the wye or riser provided for that purpose. If a wye or riser is not available, connection shall be made suitable to the Wastewater Director.
L. 
The applicant for the building sewer permit shall notify the Wastewater Director when the building sewer is ready for inspection and connection to the municipal sewer. The connection shall be made under the supervision of the Wastewater Director.
M. 
All excavations for building sewer installations shall be adequately guarded with barricades and lights so as to protect the public from hazard. Streets, sidewalks, parkways and other public property disturbed in the course of the work shall be restored in a manner satisfactory to the City by the person making the installation.
A. 
Untreated water. No person shall discharge or cause to be discharged any stormwater, surface water, groundwater, roof runoff, subsurface drainage, uncontaminated cooling water or unpolluted industrial process water to any sanitary sewer.
B. 
Stormwater. Stormwater and all other unpolluted drainage shall be discharged to storm sewers or to a natural outlet approved by the Department. Industrial cooling water or unpolluted process waters shall be discharged, on approval of the Department, to a storm sewer or natural outlet.
C. 
Prohibited wastes. No person shall discharge or cause to be discharged any of the following waters or wastes to any public sewer:
(1) 
Any liquids, solids or gases which, by reason of their nature or quantity, are or may be sufficient, either alone or by interaction with other substances, to cause fire or explosion or be injurious in any other way to the wastewater disposal system or to the operation of the system. At no time shall two successive readings on an explosion hazard meter at the point of discharge into the system or at any point in the system be more than 5%, nor shall any single reading be over 10%, of the lower explosive limit (LEL) of the meter. Prohibited materials include but are not limited to gasoline, kerosene, naphtha, benzene, toluene, xylene, ethers, alcohols, ketones, aldehydes, peroxides, chlorates, perchlorates, bromides, carbides, hydrides and sulfides.
(2) 
Waters or wastes containing toxic or poisonous solids, liquids or gases in sufficient quantity, either singly or by interaction with other wastes, to injure or interfere with any wastewater treatment process, constitute a hazard to humans or animals, create a public nuisance or create any hazard in the receiving waters of the wastewater treatment plant, including but not limited to the following concentrations of materials in the wastes as discharged to the City sewer or any pollutant identified pursuant to Section 307(a) of the Act:
[Amended 5-1-2000 by Ord. No. 9-00]
Material
Concentration
(milligrams per liter)
Arsenic
0.1
Copper
1.0
Zinc
3.0
Lead
0.1
Total Chromium
3.0
Nickel
1.0
Cyanide (HCN)
1.0
Chloroform
10.0
Cadmium
0.1
Mercury
0.1
Silver
0.1
Total Nitrogen
50.0
Total Phosphorus
10.0
Chlorides
125.0
(3) 
Any wastewater having a pH lower than 5.0 or having any other corrosive property capable of causing damage or hazard to structures, equipment and personnel of the wastewater treatment works.
(4) 
Solid or viscous substances in quantities or size capable of causing obstruction to the flow in sewers or other interference with the proper operation of the sewage works, such as, but not limited to, ashes, spent lime, cinders, stone or marble, dust, sand, mud, straw, shavings, metal, glass, rags, feathers, gas, tar, plastics, wood, grease, underground garbage with particles greater than 1/2 inch in any dimension, whole blood, paunch manure, bones, hair and fleshings, entrails, grass clippings, spent grains, spent hops, wastepaper, asphalt residues from refining or processing of fuel or lubricating oil, glass grinding or polishing wastes, disposable diapers, paper towels and paper dishes, cups, milk containers, etc., whether whole or ground by garbage grinders.
(5) 
Any noxious or malodorous liquids, gases or solids which, either singly or by interaction with other wastes, are capable of creating a public nuisance or hazard to life or are sufficient to prevent entry into the sewers for their maintenance and repair.
(6) 
Any substance which may cause the wastewater treatment plant effluent or any other product of the wastewater treatment process, such as residues, sludges or scums, to be unsuitable for reclamation and reuse or to interfere with the reclamation process. In no case shall a substance discharged to the wastewater treatment works cause the system to be in noncompliance with sludge use or disposal criteria, guidelines or regulations affecting sludge use or disposal developed pursuant to the Solid Waste Disposal Act, the Clean Air Act, the Toxic Substances Control Act or state standards applicable to the sludge management method being used.
(7) 
Any substance which will cause the wastewater treatment works to violate its state disposal system permit or the receiving water quality standards.
(8) 
Any wastewater which creates conditions at or near the wastewater treatment works which violate any statute or any rule, regulation or ordinance of any public agency or state or federal regulatory body.
D. 
Injurious wastes. No person shall discharge or cause to be discharged the following substances, materials, waters or wastes. Other wastes not described below shall not be discharged if it appears likely, in the opinion of the Department, that such wastes can harm either the sewers, wastewater treatment process or equipment, can have an adverse effect on the receiving stream or can otherwise endanger life, limb, public property or constitute a nuisance. In forming its opinion, the Department will consider such factors as the quantities of subject wastes in relation to flows and velocities in the sewers, materials of construction of the sewers, nature of the wastewater treatment process, capacity of the wastewater treatment plant, degree of treatability of wastes in the wastewater treatment plant and other pertinent factors. The substances prohibited are:
(1) 
Any liquid or vapor having a temperature higher than 150° F. (65° C.) or causing, individually or in combination with other wastewater, the influent at the wastewater treatment plant to have a temperature exceeding 104° F. (40° C.).
(2) 
Any water or waste containing fats, wax, grease or oils, whether emulsified or not, in excess of 25 milligrams per liter or containing substances which may solidify or become viscous at temperatures between 32° F. and 150° F. (0° C. and 65° C.).
(3) 
Any waters or wastes containing strong acid iron pickling wastes or concentrated plating solutions, whether neutralized or not.
(4) 
Any waters or wastes containing iron, chromium, copper, zinc and similar objectionable or toxic substances or wastes exerting an excessive chlorine requirement to such degree that any such material received in the composite sewage at the wastewater treatment plant exceeds reasonable limits.
(5) 
Any waters or wastes containing phenols or other taste- or odor-producing substances in such concentrations exceeding limits after treatment of the composite wastewater to meet the requirements of the state, federal or other public agencies of jurisdiction for such discharge to the receiving waters.
(6) 
Any radioactive wastes or isotopes of such half-life or concentration as may exceed limits in compliance with applicable state of federal regulations.
(7) 
Any waters or wastes having a pH in excess of 9.5.
(8) 
Materials which exert or cause:
(a) 
Unusual concentrations of inert suspended solids, such as but not limited to Fuller's earth, lime slurries and lime residues, or of dissolved solids, such as but not limited to sodium chloride and sodium sulfate.
(b) 
Excessive discoloration, such as but not limited to dye wastes and vegetable tanning solutions.
(c) 
Unusual BOD, chemical oxygen demand or chlorine requirements in quantities which constitute a significant load on the wastewater treatment plant.
(d) 
Unusual volume of flow or concentration of wastes constituting slugs.
(e) 
Any unpolluted water, including but not limited to cooling water, stormwater or groundwater.
E. 
Limitations on wastewater strengths.
(1) 
Federal pretreatment standards. Federal pretreatment standards promulgated by the United States Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) pursuant to the Act shall be met by all users which are subject to such standards in any instance where they are more stringent than the limitations in this chapter, unless the Department has applied for and obtained from the Department of Natural Resources approval to modify the specific limits in the federal pretreatment standards. When requested, an application for modification of the federal pretreatment standards will be considered for submittal by the Department when the City's wastewater treatment works achieves consistent removal of the pollutants. "Consistent removal" means reduction in the amount of pollutant or alteration of the nature of a pollutant which is in the influent to the wastewater treatment works to a less toxic or harmless state by the time it is discharged in the effluent. The reduction or alteration must be achieved in 95% of the samples taken when measured according to the procedures set forth in 40 CFR 403.7(c)(2) of the General Pretreatment Regulations for Existing and New Sources of Pollution.
(2) 
State requirements. State requirements and limitations on discharges shall be met by all users which are subject to such standards in any instance in which they are more stringent than federal requirements and limitations or those in this chapter.
(3) 
City's right of revision. The City reserves the right to establish by ordinance more stringent limitations or requirements on discharges to the wastewater disposal system if deemed necessary to comply with the objectives presented in § 198-1 of this chapter.
(4) 
Dilution. No user shall increase the use of process water or in any way attempt to dilute a discharge as a partial or complete substitute for adequate treatment to achieve compliance with the limitations contained herein, contained in the federal pretreatment standards or contained in any state requirements.
F. 
Accidental discharges. Each user shall provide protection from accidental discharge of prohibited materials or other substances regulated by this chapter. Where necessary, facilities to prevent accidental discharge of prohibited materials shall be provided and maintained at the owner's or user's own cost and expense. Detailed plans showing facilities and operating procedures to provide this protection shall be provided and maintained at the owner's or user's own cost and expense. Detailed plans showing facilities and operating procedures to provide this protection shall be submitted to the Department for review and shall be approved by the Department before construction of the facility. Review and approval of such plans and operating procedures shall not relieve the user from the responsibility of modifying the user's facility as necessary to meet the requirements of this chapter.
G. 
Department requirements.
(1) 
If any water or wastes are discharged or proposed to be discharged to the public sewers, which waters contain substances or possess characteristics enumerated in Subsection C of this section and which, in the judgment of the Department, may have a deleterious effect upon the wastewater treatment processes or receiving waters or which otherwise create a hazard to life or constitute a public nuisance, the Department may:
(a) 
Reject the wastes;
(b) 
Require pretreatment to an acceptable condition for discharge to the public sewers;
(c) 
Require control over the quantities and rates of discharge; and/or
(d) 
Require payment to cover the added cost of handling and treating wastes not covered by existing taxes or sewer charges.
(2) 
If the Department permits the pretreatment or equalization of waste flows, the design and installation of the plant and equipment shall be subject to the review and approval of the Department and subject to the requirement of all applicable codes, ordinances and laws.
H. 
Interceptors. Grease, oil and sand interceptors shall be provided when, in the opinion of the Department, they are necessary for the proper handling of liquid wastes containing grease in excessive amounts or any flammable wastes, sand or other harmful ingredients, except that such interceptors shall not be required for private living quarters or dwelling units. All interceptors shall be of a type and capacity approved by the Department and shall be located in a readily and easily accessible place for cleaning and inspection. Where installed, all grease, oil and sand interceptors shall be maintained in continuously efficient operation by the owner at his expense.
I. 
Preliminary treatment facilities. Where preliminary treatment or flow-equalizing facilities are provided for any waters or wastes, they shall be maintained continuously in satisfactory and effective operation by the owner at his expense.
J. 
Monitoring facilities.
(1) 
Monitoring facilities to allow inspection sampling and flow measurement of the building sewer and/or internal drainage systems shall be provided and operated by all significant industrial users or other users which may have a significant effect as determined by the Department. The monitoring facility should normally be situated on the user's premises, but the Department may, when such a location would be impractical or cause undue hardship on the user, allow the facility to be constructed in the public street or sidewalk area and located so that it will not be obstructed by landscaping or parked vehicles.
(2) 
There shall be ample room in or near such sampling manhole or facility to allow accurate sampling and compositing of samples for analysis. The facility, sampling and measuring equipment shall be maintained at all times in a safe and proper operating condition at the expense of the user.
(3) 
Whether constructed on public or private property, the sampling and monitoring facilities shall be provided in accordance with the Department's requirements and all applicable local construction standards and specifications. Construction shall be completed within 90 days following written notification by the Department, unless a time extension is otherwise granted by the Department.
K. 
Sampling standards. All measurements, tests and analyses of the characteristics of waters and wastes shall be determined in accordance with the latest edition of Standard Methods for the Examination of Water and Wastewater, published by the American Public Health Association, and shall be determined at the control manhole provided or upon suitable samples taken at such control manhole. If no special manhole has been required, the control manhole shall be the nearest downstream manhole in the public sewer from where the building sewer is connected. Sampling shall be carried out by customarily accepted methods to reflect the effect of the constituents upon the wastewater treatment works and to determine the existence of hazards to life, limb and property. The particular analysis involved shall determine whether a twenty-four-hour composite of all outfalls of a premises is appropriate or whether a grab sample or samples should be taken. Usually BOD and suspended solids analyses are obtained from twenty-four-hour composites of all outfalls, whereas pH's are determined from periodic grab samples.
No person shall maliciously, willfully or negligently break, damage, destroy, uncover, deface or tamper with any structure, appurtenance or equipment which is a part of the wastewater treatment works.
A. 
The Department shall inspect the facilities of any user to ascertain whether the purpose of this chapter is being met and all requirements are being complied with. Persons or occupants of premises where wastewater is created or discharged shall allow the Department ready access at all reasonable times to all parts of the premises for the purpose of inspection, observation, measurement, sampling, testing or record examination or in the performance of any of its duties. The Department, Department of Natural Resources and Environmental Protection Agency shall have the right to set up on the user's property such devices as necessary to conduct sampling, inspection compliance monitoring and/or metering operation. Where a user has security measures in force which would require proper identification and clearance before entry into its premises, the user shall make necessary arrangements with any security guards so that, upon presentation of suitable identification, the Department, Department of Natural Resources and Environmental Protection Agency will be permitted to enter, without delay, for the purposes of performing their specific responsibilities.
B. 
The Department shall have no authority to inquire into any industrial processes beyond that point in the process having a direct bearing on the kind and source of discharge to the sewers or waterways or facilities for treatment.
C. 
While performing the necessary work on private properties referred to in Subsections A and B above, the Department shall observe all safety rules applicable to the premises established by the company.
D. 
The Department, bearing proper credentials and identification, shall be permitted to enter all private properties through which the City holds a duly negotiated easement for the purpose of, but not limited to, inspection, observation, measurement, sampling, repair and maintenance of any portion of the wastewater treatment works lying within the easement. All entry and subsequent work, if any, on the easement shall be done in full accordance with the terms of the duly negotiated easement pertaining to the private property involved.
[Amended by Ord. No. 16-83]
A. 
No person shall engage in the business of cleaning, unplugging or plowing building sewer lines in the City without first procuring a license under this section.
B. 
No person engaged in the business of servicing septic tanks shall dispose of any waste into the City wastewater treatment system without having first obtained the license required under this section.
C. 
A separate license shall be required for a sewer cleaner and for a septic tank hauler. Licenses shall be required annually and shall commence on July 1 of each year and expire on June 30 of the following year. Each license shall require a fifty-dollar fee. Any license granted hereunder may be revoked upon hearing if the licensee violated any law, ordinance or regulation adopted by the Wastewater Director relating to sewer lines. No license shall be issued if the applicant is delinquent in payment of any taxes, assessments, forfeitures for violations of City ordinances, utility bills, or any other claims owed to the City.
[Amended by Ord. No. 17-99; 3-12-2012 by Ord. No. 3-12]
[Amended by Ord. No. 11-86; Ord. No. 2-92; Ord. No. 5-92; Ord. No. 11-96; 1-6-2003 by Ord. No. 26-02; 3-2-2009 by Ord. No. 3-09]
A. 
A monthly sewer service charge and meter charge are hereby imposed and shall be paid by the owner or occupants of each lot, parcel of land, building or premises served by the wastewater treatment works or otherwise discharging wastewater (including industrial waste) into the wastewater treatment works. The sewer service charge and meter charge shall be paid as herein provided in an amount determined as follows:
(1) 
The sewer service charge for any parcel of land, building or premises within the City shall be based upon the quantity of water used as measured by the water meter in use. The service rate shall be as follows:
[Amended 5-15-2017 by Ord. No. 8-17]
(a) 
Commencing with the fourth quarter reading for 2017, the rate shall be $2.75 per 100 cubic feet, with $2.63 per cubic feet being allocated to annual operation, maintenance and replacement expense, and $0.12 per 100 cubic feet as a surcharge for trunk line and lift station replacement.
(b) 
The sewer service rate shall be determined by the following formula:
Sr = Cm/Vt
Where:
Sr
=
Sewer service rate expressed in dollars per 200 cubic feet.
Cm
=
Annual cost of operation, maintenance and replacement of the wastewater treatment works.
Vt
=
Total wastewater volume received at the wastewater treatment plant per year as measured by each water meter. The minimum sewer service charge shall be $13.75 per quarter.
(2) 
Quarterly meter charge.
(a) 
A quarterly meter charge will be imposed to cover the maintenance cost of the meters. Commencing with the fourth quarter reading for 2017, the following annual fee will be billed on a quarterly basis as follows:
[Amended 5-15-2017 by Ord. No. 8-17]
Meter Size
(inches)
Annual Fee
Quarterly Fee
0.625
$24
$6
0.750
$28
$7
1.00
$31
$7.75
1.25
$35
$8.75
1.50
$38
$9.50
2.00
$41
$10.25
2.50
$43
$10.75
3.00
$46
$11.50
(b) 
The minimum sewer meter charge will be based on the quarterly meter charge (prorated for new and closed accounts or for those with meter removals).
(3) 
Measurement by meter; determination by Wastewater Director.
(a) 
When a lot, parcel of land, building or premises discharging wastewater (including industrial waste) into the wastewater treatment works is a user of water not supplied by the City, the amount of water used shall be measured by a meter.
(b) 
When it is impossible or impracticable to measure the amount of water being used, the Wastewater Director shall determine, in such manner as he finds practicable, the sewer service charge under Subsection A(1). Such determination may be appealed to the Council. In such cases, the Wastewater Director may, after approval by the Council, establish a flat rate for sewage services or authorize the installation, at the owner's expense, of a sewage meter.
(4) 
Whenever the Wastewater Director determines that any lot, parcel of land, building or premises is discharging wastes of unusual volume, concentration or character or of greatly variable volume, a special rate shall be adopted for such user. The special rate is to ensure that all users pay their proportionate share of wastewater treatment cost.
(a) 
The rate for operation, maintenance and replacement (OMR) shall be determined by the formula:
Cu = Vc Vu + Bc Bu + Sc Su + Pc Pu
Where:
Cu
=
User charge in dollars per year for operation, maintenance and replacement costs of the wastewater treatment works.
Vc
=
Cost of OMR of the wastewater treatment works attributed to 100 cubic feet of wastewater volume.
Vu
=
Volume of wastewater from the user per year measured in hundreds of cubic feet.
Bc
=
Cost of OMR of the wastewater treatment works attributed to 100 pounds of BOD.
Bu
=
Amount of BOD from the user per year measured in hundreds of pounds.
Sc
=
Cost of OMR of the wastewater treatment works attributed to 100 pounds of suspended solids.
Su
=
Amount of suspended solids from the user per year measured in hundreds of pounds.
Pc
=
Cost of OMR of the wastewater treatment works attributed to any unit of any pollutant.
Pu
=
Amount of any pollutant from the user per year.
(b) 
The minimum rate for OMR shall be equal to the rate set for OMR under Subsection A(1).
(c) 
"Domestic waste" shall be defined as follows: "normal domestic strength wastewater" shall mean wastewater with concentrations of BOD and suspended solids no greater than 250 milligrams per liter respectively. Discharges in excess of either of these concentrations shall be surcharged at the rate per pound determined by the formula contained in Subsection A(4)(a) through (c).
(5) 
Wastewater contributions from users shall be reviewed at least semiannually, and the sewer services charges shall be adjusted as required to recover actual costs.
(6) 
Proportionate distribution of operation, maintenance and replacement costs shall be maintained among wastewater treatment work users.
(7) 
Sufficient revenues to pay for total operation, maintenance and replacement costs shall be generated by the sewer service charge system.
(8) 
Any excess revenues collected from a user class shall be applied to the operation, maintenance and replacement costs attributable to that class for the next year.
B. 
Payment.
[Amended by Ord. No. 2-82]
(1) 
The sewage service charge shall be payable to the Clerk within 20 days of the billing date.
[Amended 5-1-2000 by Ord. No. 9-00]
(2) 
A late payment charge of 1% shall be added to all sewer bills not paid within 20 days from the billing date. Thereafter, a late penalty charge of 1% per month shall be added each month upon the unpaid balance. If any bill is not paid within 60 days from the billing date, the customer may be notified, in writing, that unless payment or satisfactory arrangement for payment is made within the next five days, the water services to the premises may be turned off. After such period, service may be discontinued and may not be restored until full payment of all sewer service charges and penalties due thereon.
[Amended 3-2-2009 by Ord. No. 3-09]
(3) 
Unpaid utility bills will be transferred to the tax roll pursuant to W.S.A. § 66.0809.
[Amended by Ord. No. 14-84; 6-3-2013 by Ord. No. 2-13]
C. 
Disposition of revenue. The amounts received from the charges authorized by this section shall be credited to a separate account which shall show all receipts and expenditures to the wastewater treatment works. The credits to such account shall be available for payment of:
(1) 
Principal and interest of bonds which may be issued to provide funds for wastewater treatment works.
(2) 
Any required cash reserve account payment.
(3) 
Operation and maintenance of the wastewater treatment works, including a separate replacement fund. The replacement fund shall be a cash account to be used for future expenditures for obtaining or installing equipment, accessories or appurtenances which are necessary to maintain the capacity and performance of the wastewater treatment works through the service of life for which such works were designed and constructed.
D. 
Sewer service charges as a lien. All charges established hereunder shall be a lien upon the property served pursuant to W.S.A. § 66.076(7) and shall be collected in the manner therein provided.
E. 
Sewer connection charge.
(1) 
Sewer connection charges for buildings not presently connected to the wastewater treatment works shall be based on equivalent connections. Each new user, depending on its use and size, will be evaluated in order to determine the number of equivalent connections for the facility based on the following schedule:
Schedule of Equivalent Connections
Type of Facility
Parameter
Equivalent Connections
Mobile homes
Each
0.8
Apartments
[Amended by Ord. No. 11-94]
Each
0.8
Single-family residences
Each
1.0
Townhouses
Per dwelling unit
1.0
Duplex units
Each
1.0
Arenas
110 seats
1.0
Automobile services
2 service bays
1.0
Ballrooms Without liquor With liquor
825 square feet 590 square feet
1.0 1.0
Banquets
Food catered
2,060 square feet
1.0
Catered with dishwashing
1,180 square feet
1.0
Food preparation with Dishwashing
825 square feet
1.0
Food preparation with dishwashing and liquor
590 square feet
1.0
Barbershops
1.0
Boardinghouses
5 beds
1.0
Bowling alleys
2 alleys
1.0
Car washes (self serve)
1 stall
3.0
Car washes (service station)
Car washes (special)
Requires specification on equipment flow rate and cycle time
Churches
275 seats
1.0
Cocktail lounges
23 seats
1.0
Fast service restaurants (minimal dishwashing)
22 seats
1.0
General office buildings
2,400 square feet
1.0
Handball and racquet courts
1 court
1.0
Hospitals
1 bed
1.0
Laundromats
Requires water volume for cycle time, 8 cycles per day
Motels and hotels
2 rooms
1.0
Nursing homes
3 beds
1.0
Restaurants (drive-in)
9 parking spaces
1.0
Restaurants (18 to 24 hours)
6 seats
1.0
Restaurants (12 to 18 hours)
8 seats
1.0
Restaurants (0 to 12 hours)
13 seats
1.0
Restaurants (with cocktail lounge)
10 seats
1.0
Retail stores
3,000 square feet
1.0
Rooming houses
7 beds
1.0
Sunday schools
55 students
1.0
Elementary schools
18 students
1.0
Secondary schools
14 students
1.0
Service stations (gas only)
1.0
Tennis courts
1 court
2.0
Theaters
64 seats
1.0
Theaters (drive-in)
55 parking spaces
1.0
Warehouses
14 employees
1.0
(2) 
Any facility not included on the list in Subsection E(1) will receive a connection charge determined on a case-by-case basis by the Wastewater Director.
(3) 
One equivalent connection equals 250 gallons of daily wastewater flow.
(4) 
Commercial and industrial units shall be assigned a minimum of one unit.
(5) 
Sewer connection charges for buildings or premises presently connected to the wastewater treatment works, the use of which is changed or expanded or is to be changed or expanded in such manner as to significantly increase the output of sewage therefrom, shall be determined by applying the respective provision of Subsection E(1) through (4) above to the additional and/or expanded uses therein.
(6) 
The sewer connection charge shall be subject to review and establishment by the Common Council. The sewer connection charge effective January 1, 1998, shall be $1,450.
[Amended by Ord. No. 2-96; Ord. No. 17-97]
F. 
Service initiation fee.
[Added by Ord. No. 15-86]
(1) 
The following service initiation fees shall apply for changes in customer status payable by the new customer as a condition of receiving service to cover the meter reading expense and the administrative expenses associated with establishing service and providing special billing:
Meter reading charge
$5.00
Administrative and billing charge
$2.50
-----
Total service initiation fee
$7.50
(2) 
The above-stated fees shall apply under the following circumstances:
(a) 
Ownership of property transfers.
(b) 
Owner of property assigns responsibility for service to tenant-customer (and tenant-customer accepts the responsibility).
(c) 
Tenant-customer moves and billing address transfers back to owner.
(d) 
Tenant changes and new tenant accepts responsibility for bill.[1]
[1]
Editor's Note: Original Sec. 5.35(7), Meter interface unit fee, added by Ord. No. 36-95, which immediately followed this subsection, was deleted by Ord. No. 1-96.
A. 
Each user or owner shall be responsible for maintaining and cleaning his sewer connection from the house to the sewer main. The City shall not be liable for any stoppages in sewers. Each user should provide a suitable backwater valve to prevent flooding of basements in the event of sewer stoppage.
B. 
Any sewer connection that is abandoned for nonuse or found not to meet all requirements of § 198-5E shall be disconnected and plugged at the municipal sewer location by a means acceptable to the Department. All costs and expenses incidental to disconnecting the building sewer shall be borne by the owner.
The Department may require that any industrial user discharging or proposing to discharge wastewater to the wastewater treatment works file a periodic discharge report. The discharge report may include but not be limited to nature of process, rates of flow, mass discharge rate, raw materials and production quantities, hours of operation, number and classification of employees, compliance status with any state or federal pretreatment standards or other information which relates to the generation of waste, including wastewater constituents and characteristics in the wastewater discharge. Such reports may also include the chemical constituents and quantity of liquid or gaseous materials stored on site, even though they may not normally be discharged. At a minimum, a summary of such data indicating each industrial user's compliance with this chapter shall be prepared quarterly and submitted to the Department. In addition to discharge reports, the Department may require information in the form of wastewater discharge permit applications, self-monitoring reports and compliance schedules.
A. 
Mandatory permits. All significant industrial users or other industrial users which may have a significant effect, as determined by the Department, proposing to connect or to commence a new discharge to the wastewater treatment works shall obtain a wastewater discharge permit before connecting to or discharging into the wastewater treatment works. All existing significant industrial users or industrial users subject to federal pretreatment standards under Section 307(b) and (c) of the Act connected to or discharging into the wastewater treatment works shall obtain a wastewater discharge permit within 90 days after February 19, 1981.
B. 
Permit application. Users required to obtain a wastewater discharge permit shall complete and file with the Department an application in the form prescribed by the Department and accompanied by a fee. Existing users shall apply for a wastewater discharge permit within 30 days after February 19, 1981, and proposed new users shall apply at least 90 days prior to connecting or discharging to the wastewater treatment works. In support of the application, the user shall submit, in units and terms appropriate for evaluation, the following information:
(1) 
Name, address and location (if different from the address).
(2) 
Standard industrial classification (SIC) number according to the Standard Industrial Classification Manual, Bureau of the Budget, 1972, as amended.
(3) 
Wastewater constituents and characteristics, including but not limited to those governed by § 198-6 of this chapter as determined by a reliable analytical laboratory. Sampling and analysis shall be performed in accordance with procedures established by the Environmental Protection Agency pursuant to Section 304(g) of the Act and contained in 40 CFR Part 136, as amended.
(4) 
Time and duration of discharge.
(5) 
Average daily and thirty-minute peak wastewater flow rates, including daily, monthly and seasonal variations, if any.
(6) 
Site plans, floor plans, mechanical and plumbing plans and details to show all sewers, sewer connections and appurtenances by the size, location and elevation.
(7) 
Description of activities, facilities and plant processes on the premises, including all materials which are or could be discharged.
(8) 
Where known, the nature and concentration of any pollutants in the discharge which are limited by any City, state or federal pretreatment standards and (for an existing discharge) a statement regarding whether or not the pretreatment standards are being met on a consistent basis and, if not, whether additional operation and maintenance and/or additional pretreatment is required for the user to meet applicable pretreatment standards.
(9) 
Each product by type, amount and rate of production.
(10) 
Type and amount of raw materials processed (average and maximum per day).
(11) 
Number of full- and part-time employees and hours of work.
(12) 
Any other information as may be deemed by the Department to be necessary to evaluate the permit application. The Wastewater Director will evaluate the data furnished by the user and may require additional information. After evaluation and acceptance of the data furnished, the Department may issue a wastewater discharge permit subject to terms and conditions provided herein.
C. 
Permit conditions. Wastewater discharge permits shall be expressly subject to all provisions of this chapter and all other applicable regulations, user charges and fees established by the City. Permits may contain the following:
(1) 
The unit charge or schedule of user charges and fees for the wastewater to be discharged to the wastewater treatment works.
(2) 
Limits on the average and maximum wastewater constituents and characteristics.
(3) 
Limits on average and maximum rate and time of discharge or requirements for flow regulation and equalization.
(4) 
Requirements for installation and maintenance on inspection and sampling facilities.
(5) 
Requirements for installation, operation and maintenance of pretreatment facilities.
(6) 
Specifications for monitoring programs, which may include sampling location, frequency and method of sampling, number, types and standards for tests and reporting schedule.
(7) 
Compliance schedules.
(8) 
Requirements for submission of technical reports or discharge reports.
(9) 
Requirements for maintaining and retaining plant records relating to wastewater discharge as specified by the Department and affording the Department access thereto.
(10) 
Requirements for notification to the Department of any wastewater constituents being introduced into the wastewater treatment system.
(11) 
Requirements for notification of slug discharges as provided in this chapter.
(12) 
Other conditions as deemed appropriate by the City to ensure compliance with this chapter.
D. 
Permit duration. Permits shall be issued for a specified time period, not to exceed five years. A permit may be issued for a period less than one year or may be stated to expire on a specific date. The user shall apply for permit reissuance a minimum of 180 days prior to the expiration of the user's existing permit. The terms and conditions of the permit may be subject to modification by the Department during the term of the permit as limitations or requirements as identified in § 198-6 are modified or other just cause exists. The user shall be informed of any proposed changes in his permit at least 30 days prior to the effective date of change. Any changes or new conditions in the permit shall include a reasonable time schedule for compliance.
E. 
Permit transfer. Wastewater discharge permits are issued to a specific user for a specific operation. A wastewater discharge permit shall not be reassigned or transferred or sold to a new owner, new user, different premises or a new or changed operation without the approval of the Department. Any succeeding owner or user shall also comply with the terms and conditions of the existing permit.
Industrial users shall provide necessary wastewater treatment as required to comply with this chapter and shall achieve compliance with all federal categorical pretreatment standards within the time limitations as specified by the federal pretreatment regulations. Any facilities required to pretreat wastewater to a level acceptable to the Department shall be provided, operated and maintained at the user's expense. Detailed plans showing the pretreatment facilities and operating procedures shall be submitted to the Department for review and shall be acceptable to the Department before construction of the facility. The review of such plans and operating procedures shall in no way relieve the user from the responsibility of modifying the facility as necessary to produce an effluent acceptable to the Department under the provisions of this chapter. Any subsequent changes in the pretreatment facilities or method of operation shall be reported to and be acceptable to the Department prior to the user's initiation of the changes. All records relating to compliance with pretreatment standards shall be made available by the Department to officials of the Environmental Protection Agency or Wisconsin Department of Natural Resources upon request.
A. 
Information and data on an industrial user obtained from reports, questionnaires, permit applications, permits, monitoring programs and inspections shall be available to the public and governmental agencies without restriction unless the user specifically requests and is able to demonstrate to the satisfaction of the Department that the release of such information would divulge information, processes or methods of production entitled to protection as trade secrets of the user.
B. 
When requested by the person furnishing a report, the portions of a report which might disclose trade secrets or secret processes shall not be made available for inspection by the public but shall be made available upon written request to governmental agencies for uses related to this chapter, the state disposal system permit and/or the pretreatment programs; provided, however, that such portions of a report shall be available for use by the state or any state agency in judicial review or enforcement proceedings involving the person furnishing the report.
C. 
Wastewater constituents and characteristics will not be recognized as confidential information. Information accepted by the Department as confidential shall not be transmitted to any governmental agency or to the general public by the Department until and unless a ten-day notification is given to the user.
Sludges, floats, skimmings, etc., generated by an industrial or commercial pretreatment system shall not be placed into the City's wastewater treatment works. Such sludges shall be contained, transported and disposed of by haulers in accordance with all federal, state and local regulations.
A. 
Industrial users shall notify the Department immediately upon having a slug or accidental discharge of substances or wastewater in violation of this chapter in order to enable countermeasures to be taken by the Department to minimize damage to the wastewater treatment works and the receiving waters. Such notification shall not relieve users of liability for any expense, loss or damage to the wastewater treatment works or treatment process or for any fines imposed on the City on account thereof under any state or federal law.
B. 
The Department may suspend the wastewater treatment service and/or a wastewater discharge permit when such suspension is necessary, in the opinion of the Department, in order to stop an actual or threatened discharge which presents or may present an imminent or substantial endangerment to the health or welfare of persons, to the environment or to the wastewater treatment works or would cause the City to violate any condition of its state disposal system permit. Any user notified of a suspension of the wastewater treatment service and/or the wastewater discharge permit shall immediately stop the discharge. If the user fails to comply voluntarily with the suspension order, the Department shall take such steps as deemed necessary, including immediate severance of the sewer connection, to prevent or minimize damage to the wastewater treatment works or endangerment to any individuals.
C. 
The Department shall reinstate the wastewater discharge permit and/or the wastewater treatment service upon proof of the elimination of the noncomplying discharge. A detailed written statement submitted by the user describing the causes of the slug or accidental discharge and the measures taken to prevent any future occurrence shall be submitted to the Department within 15 days of the date of occurrence.
In accordance with the procedures of § 198-20 of this chapter, the Department may revoke the permit of any industrial user which fails to factually report the wastewater constituents and characteristics of this discharge; which fails to report significant changes in wastewater constituents or characteristics; which refuses reasonable access to the user's premises for the purpose of inspection or monitoring; or for violation of conditions of its permit, this chapter or applicable state and federal regulations.
Whenever the Department finds that any industrial user has violated or is violating this chapter, the wastewater discharge permit or any prohibition, limitation or requirement contained herein, the Department may serve upon such person a written notice stating the nature of the violation. Within 30 days of the date of the notice, a plan for the satisfactory correction thereof shall be submitted to the City by the user.
A. 
Notice of hearing. If the violation is not corrected by timely compliance, the Department may order any user which causes or allows an unauthorized discharge to show cause before the Common Council why the proposed enforcement action should not be taken. A notice shall be served on the user specifying the time and place of a hearing to be held by the Common Council regarding the violation, the reasons why the action is to be taken and the proposed enforcement action and directing the user to show cause before the Common Council why the proposed enforcement action should not be taken. The notice of the hearing shall be served personally or by registered or certified mail (return receipt requested) at least 10 days before the hearing. Service may be made on any agent or officer of a corporation.
B. 
Hearing officials. The Common Council may itself conduct the hearing and take the evidence, or it may designate any of its members or any officer or employee of the City to:
(1) 
Issue in the name of the Common Council notices of hearings requesting the attendance and testimony of witnesses and the production of evidence relevant to any matter involved in such hearings.
(2) 
Take the evidence.
(3) 
Transmit a report of the evidence and hearing, including transcripts and other evidence, together with recommendations, to the Common Council for action thereon.
C. 
Transcripts. At any hearing held pursuant to this section, testimony taken must be under oath and recorded stenographically. The transcript, so recorded, will be made available to any member of the public or any party to the hearing upon payment of the usual charges therefor.
D. 
Issuance of orders. After the Common Council has reviewed the evidence, it may issue an order to the user responsible for the discharge directing that, following a specified time period, the sewer service be discontinued unless adequate treatment facilities, devices or other related appurtenances shall have been installed or existing treatment facilities, devices or other related appurtenances are properly operated. Further orders and directives as are necessary and appropriate may be issued.
If any person discharges sewage, industrial wastes or other wastes into the City's wastewater treatment works contrary to the provision of this chapter, federal or state pretreatment requirements or any order of the City, the City Attorney may, following the authorization of such action by the Common Council, commence an action for appropriate legal and/or equitable relief.
A. 
Civil penalties. Any industrial user which is found to have violated an order of the Common Council or which has failed to comply with any provision of this chapter and the orders, rules, regulations and permits issued hereunder may be subject to a forfeiture of not less than $100 nor more than $500 for each offense. Each day on which a violation shall occur or continue shall be deemed a separate and distinct offense. In addition to the penalties provided herein, the City may recover reasonable attorney's fees, court costs, court report fees and other expenses of litigation by an appropriate action against the person found to have violated this chapter or the orders, rules, regulations and permits issued hereunder.
[Amended by Ord. No. 17-99]
B. 
Costs of damage. Any industrial user violating any of the provisions of this chapter or which has a discharge which causes a deposit, obstruction, damage or other impairment to the City's wastewater treatment works shall become liable to the City for any expense, loss or damage caused by the violation or discharge. The Department may add to the user's charges and fees the costs assessed for any cleaning, repair or replacement work caused by the violation or discharge. Any refusal to pay the assessed costs shall constitute a violation of this chapter.
C. 
Falsifying information. Any person who knowingly makes any false statements, representation or certification in any application, record, report, plan or other document filed or required to be maintained pursuant to this chapter or the wastewater discharge permit or who falsifies, tampers with or knowingly renders inaccurate any monitoring device or method required under this chapter may, upon conviction, be subject to a forfeiture of not more than $300.