Borough of Gibbsboro, NJ
Camden County
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Table of Contents
Table of Contents
[HISTORY: Adopted by the Mayor and Borough Council of the Borough of Gibbsboro 9-11-1991 by Ord. No. 91-15 (Ch. 99 of the 1982 Code). Amendments noted where applicable.]
GENERAL REFERENCES
Enviromental impact statements — See Ch. 154.
Flood damage prevention — See Ch. 196.
Planning Board member as member of HPC — See Ch. 240.
Historic markers — See Ch. 318, § 318-6D.
Site plan review — See Ch. 324.
Subdivision of land — See Ch. 358.
Zoning — See Ch. 400.

§ 222-1 Purpose.

The purpose of this chapter is to:
A. 
Safeguard the heritage of the Borough of Gibbsboro by preserving that part of the Borough which reflects elements of its cultural, social, economic and architectural history;
B. 
Preserve the integrity of design of the eighteenth, nineteenth and twentieth centuries buildings and streetscapes within the Historic District or historic site(s) not located within the district and preserve the historic and architecturally significant buildings;
C. 
Maintain and improve property values;
D. 
Preserve and promote the Historic District or historic site(s) not located within the district as an essential element of municipal character and identity, as an important factor in the economy of the Borough and the property values therein;
E. 
Foster civic beauty;
F. 
Promote the use of the district for the education, pleasure and welfare of the citizens of the Borough and its visitors; and
G. 
Further assure that construction, alterations, repairs, replacements and other such improvements within the Historic District and historic site(s) not located within the district shall be compatible with the Borough's heritage.

§ 222-2 Definitions.

For the purposes of this chapter, the following words shall have the meanings indicated. Unless the context clearly denotes otherwise, the singular shall include the plural, and the plural, the singular.
ADDITION
The construction of new improvements as part of an existing improvement when such improvement changes or affects the exterior of a structure.
ADMINISTRATIVE OFFICER
The Historic Preservation Commission Chairman or other officer designated by the Borough Council to issue exemptions and waivers and handle administrative functions in accordance with this chapter.
[Amended 7-28-1999 by Ord. No. 99-3]
ALTERATION
A change in the appearance of a building, structure or site which is not otherwise covered by the definition of "demolition" or any other change for which a permit is required under Chapter 400, Zoning. Alteration includes the reroofing, cleaning or painting of a building or structure. Alteration shall include the word "alter."
BUILDING
A structure, its site and appurtenances created to shelter any form of human activity.
CERTIFICATE OF APPROPRIATENESS
The written approval issued by the Planning Board when so required prior to any work or activity commencing on property set forth as within the boundaries of the Historic District, or historic site(s) not located within the district, as listed in the boundaries attached hereto.
CONSTRUCTION
The erection of a new building, structure or object. The word "construction" shall include the word "construct."
CONTRIBUTING BUILDING, STRUCTURE, SITE OR OBJECT
An element of the built environment within a district that reflects its historical or architectural character as defined by the regulations of this chapter.
DEMOLITION
The razing or destruction, whether entirely or in significant part, of a building, structure, site or object. Demolition includes the removal of a building, structure or object from its site or the removal or destruction of a facade or surface. Demolition shall include the word "demolish."
DESIGN
Exterior features, including mass, height, appearance and the texture, nature and composition of materials.
HISTORIC DISTRICT
One or more historic sites and intervening or surrounding property significantly affecting or affected by the quality and character of the historic site or sites.[1]
HISTORIC SITE
Any real property, man-made structure, natural object or configuration or any portion or groups of the foregoing which has been formally designated in the Master Plan as being of historical, archaeological, cultural, scenic or architectural significance.
IN-KIND
Any repair or replacement of an existing architectural feature with the same type of material, same shape, same style and same function.
OBJECT
A material thing of functional, aesthetic, cultural, historical or scientific value that may be, by nature or design, movable, yet related to a specific setting or environment (as a monument or historic road marker).
PRESERVATION
The act or process of applying measures to sustain the existing form, integrity and material of a structure. It may include work to prevent further deterioration, ongoing maintenance or other similar actions.
REHABILITATION
The process of returning a property to a state of utility, through repair or alteration, which makes possible an efficient contemporary use while preserving those portions and features of the property which are significant to its historic, architectural and cultural values.
RESTORATION
The act or process of accurately recovering the form and details of a structure and its setting as it appeared at a particular period of time by means of the removal of later work or by the replacement of missing earlier work.
SECRETARY
The Municipal Clerk or other official designated by the Borough Council empowered to accept applications and record the meetings and actions of the Commission.
[Added 7-28-1999 by Ord. No. 99-3]
SITE
The location of a significant event, a prehistoric or historical occupation or activity or a building or structure, whether standing, ruined or vanished, where the location itself maintains historical, cultural or archaeological value regardless of the value of any existing structure.
STREETSCAPE
The visual character of the street, including its architecture, fences, gates, storefronts, signs, lighting, paving and relationship of buildings to the right-of-way of the street.
[1]
Editor's Note: The former definition of "Historic Preservation Commission," which immediately followed this definition, was repealed 10-27-2010 by Ord. No. 2010-05.

§ 222-3 Permitted uses.

All uses permitted in the Historic District shall be those designated by Chapter 400, Zoning, of the Borough of Gibbsboro. Such uses shall not be altered by further designation as being within the Historic District.

§ 222-4 Area and height requirements.

The maximum building height, minimum lot size, maximum lot coverage, street frontage, side yard, rear yard and other area, height, size and distance regulations within the Historic District shall be as designated for each zone as set forth in Chapter 400, Zoning, and shall not be altered by virtue of inclusion in the Historic District.

§ 222-5 District boundaries.

A. 
There is hereby established in the Borough of Gibbsboro a district to be known as the "Gibbsboro Historic District" and defined for the purpose of this chapter as follows: The boundary lines of the Gibbsboro Historic District, as generally defined by the several streets, shall be the existing rear property lot line, as of the date of this chapter, of the lots bordering on the outside lines of the streets named as boundaries. (Both sides of the street are included unless otherwise designated.)
B. 
The Historic District shall contain all of the land within the Borough of Gibbsboro, excluding the following areas:
[Amended 10-11-1995 by Ord. No. 95-9; 10-10-2001 by Ord. No. 2001-07; 6-25-2003 by Ord. No. 2003-6]
(1) 
All land bounded by Haddon Avenue, Washington Street, Kirkwood Road and Nicholson's Branch except that Block 1.01, Lots 1.01 and 3, and all lots within Block 2 shall be within the Historic District; and
(2) 
All land bounded by Hilliard's Creek, Clementon Road and Slab Cabin Branch, excepting those lots with frontage on Clementon Road which shall be within the Historic District.

§ 222-6 Planning Board to exercise historic preservation powers.

[Amended 10-27-2010 by Ord. No. 2010-05]
A. 
In accordance with the Municipal Land Use Law N.J.S.A. 40:55D-25d, the Borough of Gibbsboro, having a population of less than 2,500 people, has elected to vest the statutory powers of a historic preservation commission in the Planning Board. Accordingly, the membership of the Planning Board must include at least one member having the following qualifications:
(1) 
Class A: A person who is knowledgeable in building design and construction or architectural history and who may reside outside the municipality.
(2) 
Class B: A person who is knowledgeable or with a demonstrated interest in local history and who may reside outside the municipality.
B. 
The Planning Board in exercising its statutory powers of the Historic Preservation Commission shall have the following powers:
(1) 
Prepare a survey of historic sites of the municipality pursuant to criteria identified in the survey report.
(2) 
Make recommendations on the Historic Preservation Plan element of the Master Plan and on the implications for preservation of historic sites of any other Master Plan elements.
(3) 
Advise on the inclusion of historic sites in the recommended capital improvement program.
(4) 
Advise on applications for development regarding historic district standards
(5) 
Provide written reports on the application of Chapter 400, Zoning, or other land development ordinances of the Borough of Gibbsboro to provisions concerning historic preservation.
(6) 
Provide technical assistance upon request to property owners on how to preserve, restore and rehabilitate structures and to advise property owners upon their request as to the accuracy of historic restoration, including materials, placement of windows or openings, architectural details, environment and color.
(7) 
Carry out such other advisory, educational and informational functions as will promote historic preservation in the borough.

§ 222-7 Certificate of appropriateness.

[Amended 10-27-2010 by Ord. No. 2010-05]
A. 
Application for certificate of appropriateness.
(1) 
A certificate of appropriateness issued by the Planning Board shall be required before a permit is issued or, in the event that no other type of permit is otherwise required, before work or activities can commence on or about the exterior architectural features of a structure in the Historic District of historic site(s) not located within the district, which are subject to public view from a public street, way or place, including but not limited to constructions, alteration, addition, repairs, replacement, restoration, rehabilitation, signs, awnings, lighting, fences, paving, walks, curbs, moving or demolition or development for a lot and block located in the Historic District or historic site(s) not located within the district, as defined in this chapter. Excluded are in-kind repairs pursuant to Subsection A(4).
(2) 
All applications for a certificate of appropriateness shall be made by the legal or beneficial owner or owners of a structure or lot, including the holder of an option or contract to purchase, or other person having an enforceable proprietary interest in such structure or lot, classified or listed within the Historic District or historic site(s) not located within the district, and filed with the administrative officer on the form provided by that officer with 11 copies, 30 days before the next meeting of the Planning Board.
(3) 
The contents of the application shall consist of the following:
(a) 
When the application is for exterior architectural changes replacing existing architectural features with the new materials, textures and dimension that do not match existing materials, textures and dimensions, such as replacement windows, siding, etc., the application shall be accompanied by photographs of the building showing the features to be replaced, a written description of the work (for example, a builder's estimate or an architect's scope of work) and the material specifications (architect's technical specification or manufacturer's literature describing the replacement of materials).
(b) 
When the application is for the addition of new exterior architectural elements, such as a porch, deck, railing, window, bay, wing, story, roof, etc., or the adding of a new building to the site, the application shall be accompanied by photographs of the structure, a written description of the work (for example, a builder's estimate or an architect's scope of work), material specifications (architect's technical specification or manufacturer's literature describing the replacement materials), architectural drawings (plans, elevations, site plan, etc.) and, when an expansion of the building is proposed, a property survey dated within the past six months.
(c) 
When the application is for restoration or rehabilitation of the building to an earlier historic appearance, in addition to the material described above for the type of work involved, the application shall be accompanied by historical documentation (description of physical architectural evidence, historic photographs and documentary evidence) to support the restoration or rehabilitation decisions.
(d) 
Additionally, the applicant shall submit such photographs, diagrams, architectural drawings, specifications or other materials sufficient to adequately inform the Planning Board, or Zoning Board of Adjustment when applicable, of the nature of the work for which the application is made. The administrative officer, based on a publicly adopted checklist, shall determine if the information is complete or incomplete and shall so notify the applicant within 14 days of the date of submission.
(4) 
Exemption. A certificate of appropriateness shall not be needed for repairs wherein the cost of such repairs is less than $1,000 and the repairs in question constitute an exact replacement of that which existed prior to the need for the repairs in question. To receive this exemption, the property owner shall submit an application to the administrative officer for such repairs with a photo of the existing condition or conditions and estimate of cost. Applications will be referred to the Planning Board for review at its next regularly scheduled meeting.
B. 
Planning Board review for certificate of appropriateness.
(1) 
The administrative officer shall refer the application for a certificate of appropriateness to the Planning Board for review. The Planning Board and Zoning Board of Adjustment, when applicable, shall review the application and shall advise the administrative officer that the application be approved, approved with conditions or denied. If approved, a certificate of appropriateness shall be issued. The administrative officer shall then act upon the recommendation and issue a permit with or without conditions or deny the permit within 45 days of the date that the complete application is submitted by the administrative officer to the Planning Board.
C. 
Guidelines for interpretation.
(1) 
It is the intent of this section that the Planning Board shall:
(a) 
Consider only the exterior features of a structure or site visible for a public street, way or place.
(b) 
Consider, in passing appropriateness of exterior architectural features in site plan or major development, the purposes set forth in § 222-8A and consider among other things the general design, arrangements and material of the building (s) or structure(s) in accordance with the standards of review as set forth in this chapter and also lighting, awnings, fences, walkways, alterations to the shape and form of the land proposed, and the relationship of such factors to similar features of historic structures in relation to the street or public way. Nothing herein shall be construed to permit the regulation of painting, paint colors or landscaping or properties in the Historic District or historic site(s) not located within the district.
(c) 
Be strict in their judgment of plans for alteration, addition, repair, replacement, restoration, rehabilitation or demolition of existing structures deemed to be of historic or architectural significance, designated as such in § 222-10B.
(d) 
Be lenient in their review of alteration, repair, replacement, addition of structures or parts of structures of little historic or architectural value, except where such alteration, repair, replacement or addition would damage the historic or architectural value and character of adjacent or nearby structures or the streetscape.
(e) 
Discourage the demolition of structures that have historic significance or that are valuable for the period of architecture that they represent or for their contribution to the integrity of the streetscape.
(f) 
In the case of an application for a certificate of appropriateness to demolish a structure, consider as part of that determination the site plan and all aspects of the exterior design of the proposed new structure.
D. 
Emergency repair procedure. Emergency repairs shall consist only of those immediate remedial actions undertaken to alleviate the cause of damage to life or property where time will not permit the owner to obtain a certificate of appropriateness and a building permit prior to their undertaking. Upon notification by the property owner to the administrative officer, that officer shall request the Chairman of the Planning Board to inspect the property, or assign a qualified member of the Commission to do so, and determine the nature of the emergency, whether repair is feasible or, if not, the appropriateness of the replacement. The Chairman may call upon qualified professional expertise to assist in this determination. The Chairman shall provide written report to the administrative officer so that a permit may be issued.

§ 222-8 Review standards.

[Amended 10-27-2010 by Ord. No. 2010-05]
A. 
Policy intent. In reviewing any application for certificate of appropriateness, the Planning Board shall make their determinations as to whether an application should be approved, approved with conditions or denied on the basis of the purposes of this section, the provisions of the chapter and the following criteria of review adapted from the Secretary of Interior's Standards for Rehabilitation and Guidelines for Rehabilitating Historic Buildings and the following design criteria. The standards and design criteria are requirements. The guidelines and description of styles and check list provide general design and technical recommendations and shall be made available to applicants, their architects, contractors and subcontractors. The approach taken by the Borough of Gibbsboro in establishing design criteria in the Historic District, or historic site(s) not located within the district, is based on the fact that portions of the district have an architectural cohesiveness of a period of time and therefore new construction, additions and major alterations in the Historic District should have an appropriateness of design which should enhance the historic character of the district.
B. 
Performance standards. The following standards shall be used in evaluating any application for a certificate of appropriateness:
(1) 
Every reasonable effort shall be made by the applicant to provide compatible use for a property which requires the minimal alteration of the building, structure or site and its environment or to use a property for its originally intended purpose.
(2) 
The distinguishing original qualities or character of a building, structure or site and its environment shall not be destroyed. The removal or alteration of any historic material or distinctive architectural features should be avoided when possible.
(3) 
All buildings, structures and sites shall be recognized as products of their own time. Alterations that have no historical basis and which seek to create an earlier appearance shall be discouraged.
(4) 
Changes which may have taken place in the course of time are evidence of the history and development of a building, structure or site and its environment. These changes may have acquired significance in their own right, and this significance shall be recognized and respected. However, if an earlier appearance of a building is of primary significance, then restoration may be the preferred treatment. Removal of later changes may be allowed in certain cases if such changes alter, obscure or destroy the building's character-defining space, materials, features or finishes of the building as it appeared during its primary period of significance.
(5) 
Distinctive stylistic features or examples of skilled craftsmanship which characterize a building, structure or site shall be treated with sensitivity.
(6) 
Deteriorated architectural features shall be repaired rather than replaced, wherever possible. In the event that replacement is necessary, the new material should match the material being replaced in composition, design, color, texture and other visual qualities. Repair or replacement of missing architectural features should be based on accurate duplication of features.
(7) 
The surface cleaning of structures shall be undertaken with the gentlest means possible. Sandblasting and other cleaning methods that will damage the historic building materials shall not be undertaken.
(8) 
Every reasonable effort shall be made to protect and preserve archaeological resources affected by or adjacent to any project.
(9) 
Contemporary design for alterations and additions to existing properties shall not be discouraged when such alterations and additions do not destroy significant historical, architectural or cultural material and such design is compatible with the size, scale, color, material and land character of the property, neighbourhood or environment.
(10) 
Whenever possible, new additions or alterations to structures shall be done in such a manner that, if such additions or alterations were removed in the future, the essential form, and integrity of the structure would be unimpaired.
C. 
Design criteria. In assessing design of any proposed additions or new construction, the following design criteria shall be considered, in conjunction with the standard of review set forth above by the Planning Board. These design criteria shall be used to analyze the effect that the change applied for would have on the structure or improvements within the Historic District, or historic site(s) not located within the district, or immediate surrounding areas, as follows:
(1) 
Area and height regulations. Maximum building height, minimum lot size, maximum coverage, etc., shall be as required in Chapter 400, Zoning, for the respective zones, except the Zoning Board of Adjustment or Planning Board may grant a variance solely for the purpose of preserving historic characteristics.
(2) 
Proportion of facade. The relationship of the width of the building to the height of the front elevation shall be visibly compatible with the building and places to which it is visibly related.
(3) 
Position of openings. The relationship of the width of the windows to the height of windows in a building shall be visibly compatible with the buildings and places to which they are visibly related.
(4) 
Rhythm of solids. The relationship of solids to voids in such facades of a building shall be visibly compatible with the buildings and places to which they are visibly related.
(5) 
Rhythm of spacing. The relationship of the building to the open space between it and adjoining buildings shall be visibly compatible with the buildings and places to which it is visibly related.
(6) 
Rhythm of entrances. The relationship of entrances and porches to the street shall be visibly compatible to the buildings and places to which it is visibly related.
(7) 
Relationship of materials. The relationship of materials, texture and color of the facade and roof of a building shall be visibly compatible with the predominate materials used in buildings to which it is visibly related.
(8) 
Roof. The roof shape and pitch of a building shall be visibly compatible with the buildings to which it is visibly related.
(9) 
Continuity of walls. Walls and open fencing shall maintain visual compatibility with the buildings and places to which it is visibly related.
(10) 
Scale of building. The size of a building, mass of a building in relation to open spaces, the windows and door openings, porches and balconies shall be visibly compatible to the buildings and places to which it is visibly related.
(11) 
Directional expression. A building shall be visibly compatible with buildings and places to which it is visibly related in its directional character, whether this be vertical character or horizontal character.
D. 
The following reference documents, as they may be amended or superseded, shall be used as design standards for the design of rehabilitation, renovation, alteration or construction work within the Historic District and as review standards by the Historic Preservation Commission:
[Added 3-11-2015 by Ord. No. 2015-01]
(1) 
The Secretary of the Interior’s Standards for Rehabilitation and Illustrated Guidelines on Sustainability for Rehabilitating Historic Buildings, U.S. Department of the Interior, National Park Service, Technical Preservation Services, 2011.
(2) 
Sample Guidelines for Solar Systems in Historic Districts, National Alliance of Preservation Commissions, 2011.

§ 222-9 Demolition or moving of structures.

[Amended 10-27-2010 by Ord. No. 2010-05]
A. 
Every building and site in the Historic District, or historic site(s) not located within the district, listed on the State or National Register of Historic Places and described in the Inventory and Description of Houses, Buildings and Sites in Gibbsboro as a contributing building and site to the district shall not be demolished or moved without the Planning Board considering its demolition or moving in relation to its impact on the streetscape and neighbourhood regardless of whether or not it is of historic architectural significance.
B. 
On any application for a certificate of appropriateness to demolish any structure in the Historic District, or historic site(s) not located within the district, the Planning Board shall hold a public hearing. At this public hearing, the Planning Board shall hear from any interested party or organization as to whether the permit shall be issued. In making its determination, the Planning Board shall use the criteria set forth in this chapter. If the Planning Board determines that demolition is not appropriate, it may postpone issuance of the permit for a period of time, not to exceed 12 months, and the Planning Board may hold other hearings to determine if there is some other means to preserving the building. The Planning Board is empowered to work collaboratively with the applicant on feasible plans for preservation of structures where moving or demolition thereof would be a great loss to the public, the Borough, the streetscape and the neighborhood. In the event that it is shown that the owner has a reasonable economic use of the property and that the structure should be preserved on the basis of the standards set forth in this chapter, the Planning Board may deny the application for a certificate of appropriateness to demolish the structure.
C. 
When it is necessary to move an historic building to another site within the borough to preserve it, upon approval of the relocation plans by the Planning Board, said building may be relocated, provided that it fulfills the area regulations of said zone as to lot size, setback and yard area unless appropriate variances are obtained.

§ 222-10 Additions to District.

A. 
Procedure.
(1) 
If the Planning Board recommends creating an additional historic district, districts, or historic site not within the district by including additional land area to the established district as the case may be, the Planning Board shall do so by a survey of properties in the proposed land area which shall meet the standards required to qualify for certification by the New Jersey Historic Preservation Office in the Department of Environmental Protection. The Planning Board shall notify each owner in the proposed addition to the Historic District or historic site not in the district that his or her property has been tentatively designated for inclusion as an historic resource and the reasons therefore by certified mail and advise each owner of the significance and consequences of such tentative designation, and shall comply with the requirements set forth in Subsection B.
[Amended 10-27-2010 by Ord. No. 2010-05]
(2) 
The Planning Board shall, as soon as practicable, make public a complete list and map of the tentatively designated additional Historic Districts, specifying the location, boundaries and proper names thereof and, in each case, the reason for such designation. The tentative list and map shall thereafter be submitted at a public hearing for the examination and comments by the public.
(3) 
A list and map showing all proposed Historic Districts shall be published, together with the notice of the hearing on the same, in the official newspaper, not less than 10 days before such hearing is to be held.
(4) 
After full consideration of the evidence brought forth at the special public hearing, the Planning Board shall make its final decisions on the designations and in support of its actions with respect to each Historic District designation or historic landmark.
(5) 
The list shall be submitted thereafter to the Borough Clerk. The Borough Council shall then consider whether to adopt the designation list and map which shall also be incorporated by reference into the Official Zoning Map and Chapter 400, Zoning.
(6) 
Copies of the designation list and official map as adopted shall be made public and distributed to all municipal agencies reviewing development applications, building permits and housing permits.
B. 
Criteria for designation. A building, complex of buildings, structure, site, object or district may be designated for inclusion in the Historic District or site if it:
(1) 
Has significant character, interest or value as part of the heritage or cultural characteristics of the municipality, state or nation or is associated with the life of a person significant in the past;
(2) 
Is associated with an event of importance to the history of the municipality, state or nation;
(3) 
Reflects the environment in an era characterized by a distinctive architectural style;
(4) 
Embodies distinguishing characteristics of an architectural style or engineering specimen;
(5) 
Is the work of a designer, architect, landscape architect or designer, or engineer whose work has significantly influenced the historical, architectural, economic, social or cultural development of the municipality, state or nation;
(6) 
Contains elements of design, detail, materials or craftsmanship which possess high artistic values or that represent a significant and distinguishable entity whose components may lack individual distinction;
(7) 
Is part of or related to a park or other distinctive area which should be preserved according to an historic, cultural or architectural motif;
(8) 
Has yielded, or may be likely to yield, information important to prehistory or history; or
(9) 
Exemplifies the cultural, political, economic, social or historical heritage of the community.

§ 222-11 Signs.

A. 
In addition to conforming to the regulations contained in the Chapter 400, Zoning, approval of the display of a sign may be granted by the Planning Board of Gibbsboro only when such signs and the plans therefor, so far as they relate to the appearance, color, lettering, size, texture of materials, design, position and method of attachment, conform to the historical and distinctive character of the Historic District and are not detrimental to the intent and plan element of historic preservation and are not detrimental to those buildings having architectural and historical significantly.
B. 
No sign in the Historic District shall be placed on a building or structure in such a way as to obscure or mar any architectural feature deemed to be important to the architectural integrity of the building or structure.
C. 
All applications for sign permits within the Historic District of the Borough of Gibbsboro shall be submitted to the Planning Board and shall be made upon forms furnished by the administrative officer. Such an application shall also be accompanied by the appropriate number of sketches and drawings showing details of construction and foundation, when required by the Building Code of the Borough, and shall delineate the size, shape, design, coloring, lighting, lettering, texture and material and position in relation to the building from or upon which it shall be displayed.
[Amended 10-27-2010 by Ord. No. 2010-05]
D. 
Historical marker signs. Historic marker signs may only be placed, removed and/or altered on historical structures approval of the Planning Board and permission of the owner.
[Amended 10-27-2010 by Ord. No. 2010-05]

§ 222-12 Inspection of work.

All work performed pursuant to the issuance of a certificate of appropriateness for the alteration or demolition of a building, structure, site or object subject to the review of the Historic Preservation Commission and the Planning Board shall conform to the requirements of the permit. It shall be the duty of the administrative officer to inspect from time to time any work performed pursuant to such permit in order to ensure compliance. In the event that work is not being performed in accordance with the permit requirements, the administrative officer shall issue a stop-work order, and all work shall cease until the work is brought into conformity with the requirements of the permit. The work to be performed under a certificate of appropriateness shall commence within one year of its issuance, or the certificate shall be deemed null and void.

§ 222-13 Violations and penalties; enforcement.

A. 
Any person who is convicted of a violation of this chapter shall be subject to the penalties in Chapter 1, Article I, General Penalty. Each individual alteration shall be considered a separate and distinct offense under the provisions of this chapter.
[Amended 7-28-1999 by Ord. No. 99-3]
B. 
Any person who alters or demolishes a building, structure, site or object in violation of the provisions of § 222-7 or in violation of any conditions or requirements specified in a permit shall be required to restore the building, structure, site or object involved to its appearance prior to the violation.
C. 
Nothing contained herein shall supersede the powers of other local legislative or regulatory bodies or relieve any property owner of complying with the requirements of any other state statutes or municipal ordinances or regulations.
D. 
In the event of any inconsistency, ambiguity or overlapping of requirements between this chapter and any other requirement enforced in the municipality, the more restrictive shall apply to the effect that state and federal legislation has not preempted the municipality's power to enforce more stringent standards.