City of Cortland, NY
Cortland County
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Table of Contents
Table of Contents
[HISTORY: Adopted by the Common Council of the City of Cortland 8-5-1969 as Ch. 71/2, Art. II, of the 1969 Code of Ordinances. Amendments noted where applicable.]
GENERAL REFERENCES
Littering from vehicles — See Ch. 11.
Advertising materials — See Ch. 63.
Property maintenance — See Ch. 220.
Solid waste — See Ch. 241.

§ 181-1 Policy.

It is hereby declared and found that the placing, throwing, depositing or discharging, or the causing to be placed, thrown, deposited or discharged of litter in whatever form and of whatever content upon real property within the City limits of the City of Cortland, is a matter affecting the public interest, that it constitutes a nuisance in that health, fire and safety hazards are created, and that consequently this matter is subject to the supervision and control of the City for the purpose of safeguarding the public health, safety and general welfare of the people of the City of Cortland.

§ 181-2 Definitions.

As used in this chapter, the following terms shall have the meanings indicated:
LITTER (noun)
Any bottles, glass, crockery, cans, scrap metal, junk, paper, garbage, rubbish, trash, dirt, ashes, filth, cinders, liquid (other than unadulterated water), debris, grass, weeds, hay, lime, dry sand, coal, hair, waste paper, feathers or similar refuse.
LITTER (verb)
To place, throw, deposit, discharge, drop, spill, scatter; or to cause litter, as defined in subsection (a) of this section, to be placed, thrown, deposited, discharged, dropped, spilled or scattered.

§ 181-3 Littering of public places.

A. 
No person shall litter or shall cause the littering of any highway, gutter, curb, sidewalk or public place or within plain view of the public, including but not limited to front-yard space of private property, of any description and wherever situate, in the City with litter of whatever nature.
B. 
Such litter may be placed at the curb for collection and removal, provided it is in covered receptacles, or otherwise guarded from being scattered by the wind.

§ 181-4 Littering from vehicles. [1]

A. 
No person in a vehicle shall litter or cause the littering of any highway, gutter, curb, sidewalk, or public place of any description and wherever situate, in the City with litter of whatever nature.
B. 
No person having any vehicle registered in his name shall allow or suffer any person in said vehicle to violate subsection (a) of this section and it is enough to constitute a violation of this subsection that an act of littering of any highway, gutter, curb, sidewalk or public place of any description and wherever situate in the City with litter of whatever nature originated from any person in said vehicle.
[1]
Editor's Note: See also Ch. 11, Vehicles and Traffic, § 11-151, Covering refuse vehicles.

§ 181-5 Owners and occupants to keep sidewalks clean.

[Amended 11-17-2015 by L.L. No. 10-2015]
It is the duty of all owners and occupants of buildings, residences, structures of any nature, and vacant lots to keep the sidewalks adjacent to such premises, including but not limited to the front-yard space of private property within plain view of the public, clean and free of litter of whatever nature.

§ 181-6 Wind-borne materials.

No litter that is likely to be carried by the wind shall be sieved, agitated or exposed, nor shall any carpet, mat, cloth, garment, yarn material or other substance be shaken, beaten, cleaned or scoured in any place where they or particles therefrom can pass into any highway, sidewalk, public place of any description and wherever situate, or occupied premises.

§ 181-7 Penalties for offenses.

[Amended 5-4-2010 by Res. No. 101-2010; 5-4-2010 by L.L. No. 3-2010; 10-1-2013 by L.L. No. 4-2014]
Any person, firm or corporation violating any of the provisions of this chapter shall be guilty of an offense, punishable by a fine of not less than $50 nor more than $100 for the first violation; by a fine of not less than $100 nor more than $175 for a second violation occurring within a twenty-four-month period from the date of the first violation; by a fine of $250 for a third or subsequent violation occurring within a twenty-four-month period from the date of the first violation or by imprisonment for a definite term not to exceed 15 days, or by both such fine and imprisonment, and each day on which such violation continues shall constitute a separate violation.