[HISTORY: Adopted by the Board of Health of the Township of Hillsborough 10-21-1970 (Ch. 158 of the 1977 Code). Amendments noted where applicable.]
It is hereby declared that pollution of the atmosphere by smoke, cinders, soot, fly ash, gases, fumes, vapors, odors, dust and other contaminants is a menace to the health, welfare and comfort of the residents of Hillsborough Township and a cause of substantial damage to property. For the purpose of controlling and reducing atmospheric pollution, it is hereby declared to be the policy of the Township of Hillsborough to minimize air pollution as herein defined and prohibit excessive emission of the same, to establish standards governing the installation, maintenance and operation of equipment and appurtenances relating to combustion which are a source or potential source of air pollution and, in furtherance of this purpose, to cooperate and coordinate these efforts with the State Department of Environmental Protection, Bureau of Air Pollution Control.
The following terms, wherever used herein or referred to in this chapter, shall have the respective meanings assigned to them unless a different meaning clearly appears from the context:
- AIR POLLUTION
- The presence in the outdoor atmosphere of one or more air contaminants in such quantities and duration as are or tend to be injurious to human health or welfare, to animal or plant life or to property, or would unreasonably interfere with the enjoyment of life or property throughout the Township of Hillsborough as shall be affected thereby, and excludes all aspects of employer-employee relationship as to health and safety hazards.
- ECONOMIC POISONS
- Those chemicals used as insecticides, rodenticides, fungicides, herbicides, nematocides or defoliants.
- FUEL-BURNING EQUIPMENT
- Any furnace, boiler, water heater, device, mechanism, stoker, burner, stack, oven, stove, kiln, still or other apparatus or a group or collection of such units used in the process of fuel burning for the generation of heat or power. Refuse burning equipment shall be considered incinerators as herein defined and not as fuel-burning equipment under this definition. Ovens, stoves or ranges used exclusively for domestic cooking purposes are not included herein.
- Any device, apparatus, equipment or structure used for destroying, reducing or salvaging by fire any material or substance, including but not limited to refuse, rubbish, garbage, debris or scrap, or facilities for cremating human or animal remains.
- A property of a substance which affects the sense of smell.
- OPEN BURNING
- Any fire wherein the products of combustion are emitted into the open air and are not directed thereto through a stack or chimney.
- Any person who has care, custody or control of a building or premises or a portion thereof, whether with or without knowledge of the owner thereof.
- Any person who, alone or jointly or severally with others, shall have legal or equitable title to any premises, with or without accompanying actual possession thereof, or who shall have charge, care or control of any premises or part thereof, including but not limited to a dwelling or dwelling unit, as owner or agent of the owner or as a fiduciary, including but not limited to executor, administrator, trustee, receiver or guardian, or as a mortgagee in possession regardless of how such possession was obtained. Any person who is a lessee or sublessee of all or any part of any premises, including but not limited to a dwelling or dwelling unit, shall be deemed to be a co-owner with the lessor and shall have joint responsibility with the owner over the premises or portion thereof so leased or subleased.
- Includes corporations, companies, associations, societies, firms, partnerships and joint-stock companies as well as individuals.
- All putrescible and nonputrescible wastes (except body wastes), and includes but is not limited to garbage, rubbish, yard trimmings, leaves, ashes, street cleanings, dead animals, abandoned automobiles and solid market and industrial wastes.
- RINGELMANN SMOKE CHART
- Ringelmann's Scale for Grading the Density of Smoke, published by the United States Bureau of Mines, or any chart, recorder, indicator or device for the measurement of smoke density which is approved by the State Department of Environmental Protection of the State of New Jersey as the equivalent of said Ringelmann's Scale.
- Solids not considered to be highly flammable or explosive, and includes but is not limited to rags, old clothes, leather, rubber, carpets, wood, excelsior, paper, ashes, tree branches, yard trimmings, furniture, tin cans, glass, crockery, masonry and other similar materials.
- SALVAGE OPERATIONS
- Any business, trade or industry engaged in whole or in part in salvaging or reclaiming any product or material, including but not limited to metals, chemicals, shipping containers or drums.
- SANITARY INSPECTOR
- The Sanitary Inspector of the Board of Health of Hillsborough Township or any other duly authorized person appointed by the Board of Health to enforce the terms and conditions of this chapter.
- SINGLE-FAMILY RESIDENCE
- A building or a structure lawfully accommodating only one family. Single-family residences are excluded from this chapter.
- Small gasborne and airborne particles arising from a process of combustion in sufficient number to be observable.
- TRADE WASTE
- All solid or liquid material or rubbish resulting from construction, building operations or the prosecution of any business, trade or industry, and includes but is not limited to plastic products, cartons, paint, grease, foil and other petroleum products, chemicals, cinders and other forms of solid or liquid waste materials.
No person shall cause, suffer, allow or permit open burning of refuse or plant life nor conduct a salvage operation by open burning, except as provided in Subsection B.
The open burning of trade waste is not prohibited where no other method of disposal can be used without hazard to health or property and the required affidavit has been filed with and approved by the Commissioner of New Jersey State Department of Environmental Protection, Bureau of Air Pollution Control, in accordance with Chapter II, Section 1.4, of the New Jersey Air Pollution Control Code.
No person shall cause, suffer, allow or permit smoke from any fuel-burning equipment, the shade or appearance of which is darker than No. 1 of the Ringelmann Smoke Chart, to be emitted into the open air.
The provisions of this section shall not apply to smoke emitted during the cleaning of a firebox or the building of a new fire, the shade or appearance of which is not darker than No. 2 of the Ringelmann Smoke Chart, for a period or periods aggregating no more than three minutes in any 15 consecutive minutes.
Smoke emissions. No person shall cause, suffer, allow or permit smoke from any incinerator, the shade or appearance of which is darker than No. 1 of the Ringelmann Smoke Chart, to be emitted into the open air, nor emissions of such opacity within a stack or chimney, or, exclusive of water vapor, of such opacity leaving a stack or chimney, as to be greater than the emission designated as No. 1 of the Ringelmann Smoke Chart.
New fires. The provisions of Subsection A shall not apply to smoke emitted during the building of a new fire, the shade or appearance of which is not darker than No. 2 of the Ringelmann Smoke Chart, for a period of no longer than three consecutive minutes, nor to emissions of such opacity within a stack or chimney, or, exclusive of water vapor, of such opacity leaving a stack or chimney, as to be greater than the emission designated as No. 2 of the Ringelmann Smoke Chart, for a period of no longer than three consecutive minutes.
Visible particles. No person shall cause, suffer, allow or permit the emission of particles of unburned waste or ash from any incinerator which are individually large enough to be visible while suspended in the atmosphere.
Odors. No person shall construct, install, use or cause to be used any incinerator which will result in odors being detectable by sense of smell in any area of human use or occupancy.
Limitation on time of operation. No person shall operate and no owner or operator of any building in the Township of Hillsborough shall permit the operation of an incinerator prior to 7:00 a.m. or after 6:00 p.m. of any day, and all operations shall be completely terminated by 5:00 p.m., including complete extinction of the fire and removal of material in a safe manner from the firebox to a noncombustible container; provided, however, that by special permit the Sanitary Inspector may, because of exceptional circumstances, permit different hours of operation under such conditions as he shall deem necessary for the health, safety and welfare of the public or of the persons in the vicinity.
No person or owner of property and no person having possession or control of property shall cause, suffer, allow or permit to be emitted into the open air substances in such quantities as shall result in air pollution. The provisions of this section shall not apply to the use of economic poisons.
Inspections authorized; times. All buildings and premises subject to this chapter are subject to inspection from time to time by the Sanitary Inspector or his duly authorized representatives. All rooms and areas in the building shall be available and accessible for such inspection, which shall be made during usual business hours if the premises are used for nonresidential purposes; provided, however, that inspections may be made at other times if:
The premises are not available during the foregoing hours for inspections.
There is reason to believe that violations are occurring on the premises which can only be apprehended and proved by inspection during other than the prescribed hours.
There is reason to believe that a violation exists of a character which is an immediate threat to health or safety, requiring inspection and abatement without delay.
Emergency inspections. Emergency inspections may be authorized without warrant if the Sanitary Inspector has reason to believe that a condition exists which poses an immediate threat to life, health or safety. Such procedure shall take place only where the time required to apply for and secure the issuance of a warrant would render ineffective the immediate action necessary to abate the condition. Emergency inspections may also be authorized by the Governor in times of air pollution emergencies in accordance with N.J.S.A. 26:2C-32. Where the Sanitary Inspector or his duly authorized representatives are refused entry or access or are otherwise impeded or prevented by the owner, occupant or operator from conducting an inspection of the premises, such person shall be in violation of this chapter and subject to the penalties hereunder.
Search or access warrants.
The Sanitary Inspector may, upon affidavit, apply to the Judge of the Municipal Court of the Township of Hillsborough for a search warrant, setting forth factually the actual conditions and circumstances that provide a reasonable basis for believing that a nuisance or violation of the chapter may exist on the premises, including one or more of the following:
That the premises require inspection according to the cycle established by the Sanitary Inspector for periodic inspections of premises of the type involved.
That observation of external conditions (for example, smoke, ash, soot, odors) of the premises and its public areas has resulted in the belief that violations of this chapter exist.
That circumstances such as age and design of fuel-burning equipment and/or system, types of incinerator, particular use of premises or other factors render systematic inspections of such buildings necessary in the interest of public health and safety.
If the Judge of the Municipal Court of the Township of Hillsborough is satisfied as to the matters set forth in the affidavit, he shall authorize the issuance of a search warrant permitting access to and inspection of that part of the premises on which the nuisance or violation may exist.
There shall be an annual license fee in the amount of $25 for any person obtaining final approval from the State of New Jersey and its authorized agencies to operate air pollution control equipment in the Township of Hillsborough. Said license shall run from January 1 to December 31.
This chapter is to be liberally construed to effectuate the purposes herein described. Nothing herein is to be construed as repealing or abridging the emergency powers of any agency of government except to the extent expressly set forth herein.
Any person who shall violate any of the provisions of this chapter or who shall fail to comply therewith or with any of the requirements thereof shall, upon conviction, be deemed guilty of a Class C violation, punishable as provided in Chapter 291, General Provisions, Board of Health, Article II.
The violation of any section or subsection of this chapter shall constitute a separate and distinct offense independent of the violation of any other section or subsection or of any order issued pursuant to this chapter. Each day of violation shall constitute an additional, separate and distinct offense.