Borough of Bradford Woods, PA
Allegheny County
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Table of Contents
Table of Contents
[Amended 8-13-2007 by Ord. No. 411]
A. 
The Zoning Officer shall be appointed by the Borough Council. It shall be the duty of the Zoning Officer to administer and enforce this chapter. The Zoning Officer shall have the power to:
(1) 
Receive appeals and applications for conditional uses, curative amendments, zone reclassifications and variances, and forward them to the Borough Council, Planning Commission, Zoning Hearing Board or other agencies, as appropriate.
(2) 
Provide testimony at hearings of the Zoning Hearing Board as required.
(3) 
Issue zoning permits where there is compliance with the Pennsylvania UCC requirements and provisions of the Borough ordinances. Zoning permits for construction or uses requiring a variance shall be issued only after the grant of a variance by the Zoning Hearing Board. Permits requiring a conditional use shall be issued only after the approval of a conditional use by the Borough Council. Permits requiring a special exception shall be issued only after the approval of a special exception by the Zoning Hearing Board.
(4) 
Conduct inspections as prescribed by the Borough Council or ordinance to determine compliance or noncompliance with the terms of this chapter.
(5) 
Issue enforcement notices.
(6) 
Act on behalf of the Borough in any appropriate action or proceedings to prevent the unlawful erection, construction, reconstruction, alteration, repair, conversion, demolition, maintenance or use of any building or structure, to restrain, correct, or abate such violation, so as to prevent the occupancy or use of any building, structure or land, or to prevent any illegal act, conduct, business or use in or about such premises.
(7) 
Revoke by written notice any zoning permit, building permit, or zoning occupancy permit issued under a mistake of fact or contrary to the law or the provisions of this chapter.
(8) 
Record and file all applications and plans for permits and the action taken thereon. All applications, plans, and documents shall be a public record.
(9) 
Maintain a map or maps showing the current zoning districts. Upon request, the Zoning Officer shall make determinations of any Zoning Map district boundary question. Such determination may be appealed to the Zoning Hearing Board.
(10) 
Upon the request of the Borough Council, Planning Commission or Zoning Hearing Board, present facts, records or information to assist them in making decisions.
(11) 
The Zoning Officer shall not issue a zoning permit for any activity in a subdivision or land development prior to the final approval of the subdivision and land development plan and recording thereof, if applicable.
(12) 
The Zoning Officer may register all nonconforming use, lots and structures, together with reasons why they are nonconforming.
B. 
The Building Code Official shall be certified by the Department of Labor and Industry under the PA Construction Code Act. Duties include the following:
(1) 
Perform plan reviews, issue building permits for construction over 1,000 square feet, as per the Pennsylvania Construction Code, perform inspections, issue occupancy permits. Building permits for construction or uses requiring a variance shall be issued only after the grant of a variance by the Zoning Hearing Board. Permits requiring a conditional use shall be issued only after the approval of a conditional use by the Borough Council. Permits requiring a special exception shall be issued only after the approval of a special exception by the Zoning Hearing Board.
(2) 
Provide testimony at UCC Board of Appeals, as required.
(3) 
Follow current edition of the Pennsylvania Construction Code, as enacted and updated.
[Amended 8-13-2007 by Ord. No. 411]
A. 
Required. Until a zoning permit or building permit has been issued, no person shall:
(1) 
Establish or change the use of a structure or land to a different use.
(2) 
Establish or change a nonconforming use or structure, after review and approval by the Zoning Hearing Board.
(3) 
Erect, make structural alterations to or add to any structure.
(4) 
Zoning permits: issued to establish or change use of structure or land to a different use; erect or make structural alterations to or add to any structures such as garages, carports, sheds under 1,000 square feet; establish or change of nonconforming use or structure. Note: Zoning Hearing Board approval required for a nonconforming use or structure.
(5) 
Building permits: issued for any construction not defined in Subsection A(4) of this section and established pursuant to the UCC Construction Code known as the Pennsylvania Construction Code Act.
B. 
Application requirements.
(1) 
Application for the zoning permit or building permit shall be accompanied by such information as the Zoning Officer or the Building Code Official may reasonably require.
C. 
Life of a permit.
(1) 
Zoning permits or building permits expire one year from date of issue. Prior to continuance of the activity or change for which the original permit was issued, a new zoning permit or building permit must be obtained. The zoning permit may be renewed by the Zoning Officer and the building permit may be renewed by the Building Code Official if there has been no change in applicable zoning regulations, and if such renewal is requested within one month of the date of expiration of said zoning permit or building permit. If applicable zoning regulations have been changed, the full review and approval procedure required by this chapter shall apply. Any zoning permit issued by authorization of the Zoning Hearing Board shall not be renewed except by authority of the Zoning Hearing Board.
(2) 
A zoning permit or building permit for any structure, building or use may be revoked and withdrawn by the Zoning Officer if the holder of the permit has failed to comply with the requirements of this chapter or with any conditions attached to the issuance of the permit, and the holder of the zoning permit or building permit may be subject to penalties as provided by this chapter.
D. 
Approval.
(1) 
Upon receipt of an application, the Zoning Officer or Building Code Official, as the case may be, shall either approve or disapprove the application or submit the application to appropriate review agencies in conformance with the provisions of this chapter. All zoning permits and building permits shall be conditional upon the commencement of work within one year and substantial completion within 2 1/2 years from the time of issuance of the permit.
(2) 
Prior to the issuance of a permit for any use in a floodplain, the Zoning Officer or Building Code Official, as the case may be, shall require the applicant to indicate compliance with all applicable state and federal laws.
E. 
Inspections. The Zoning Officer or the Building Code Official, as the case may be, shall inspect the site to determine whether any applicable work is in compliance with the approved zoning permit.
[Amended 8-13-2007 by Ord. No. 411]
A. 
Required. Until an occupancy permit has been issued, no person shall occupy and use a structure and land for the purposes set forth in the permit. The occupancy permit shall indicate that the use and structure are in compliance with this chapter and that all conditions attached to the granting of the permit have been met.
B. 
Application requirements.
(1) 
Application for the occupancy permit shall be accompanied by such information as the Building Code Official may reasonably require.
C. 
Permit. An occupancy permit shall be revocable where the Building Code Official determines that the occupant is not complying with every condition required by the issuance of said permit.
If it appears to the Borough that a violation of this chapter has occurred, the Borough shall initiate enforcement proceedings by sending an enforcement notice to the owner of record of the parcel on which the violation has occurred, to any person who has filed a written request to receive enforcement notices regarding that parcel, and to any other person requested in writing by the owner of record.
A. 
An enforcement notice shall state at least the following:
(1) 
The name of the owner of record and any other person against whom the municipality intends to take action.
(2) 
The location of the property in violation, including Allegheny County Tax Map Parcel Number.
(3) 
The specific violation with a description of the requirements which have not been met, citing in each instance the applicable provisions of this chapter.
(4) 
The date before which the steps for compliance must be commenced and the date before which the steps must be completed.
(5) 
That the recipient of the notice has the right to appeal to the Zoning Hearing Board within 30 days (from the date delivered or postmarked if mailed).
(6) 
That failure to comply with the notice within the time specified, unless extended by appeal to the Zoning Hearing Board, constitutes a violation with possible sanctions clearly described.
B. 
Any person, partnership or corporation who or which has violated or permitted the violation of the provisions of this chapter shall, upon being found liable therefor in a civil enforcement proceeding commenced by the Borough, pay a judgment of not more than $500, plus all court costs, including reasonable attorneys' fees incurred by the Borough as a result thereof. Each day that a violation continues shall constitute a separate violation, unless the District Justice having jurisdiction thereof determines that there was a good faith basis for the person, partnership or corporation violating this chapter to have believed that there was no such violation, in which event there shall be deemed to have been only one such violation until the fifth day following the date of the determination of a violation by the District Justice, and thereafter each day that the violation continues shall constitute a separate violation.
C. 
In case any building, structure, landscaping or land is or is proposed to be erected, constructed, reconstructed, altered, converted, maintained or used in violation of this chapter, the Borough or, with the approval of the Borough, an officer thereof may institute an appropriate action or proceeding to prevent, restrain, correct or abate such building, structure, landscaping or land, or to prevent, in or about such premises, any act, conduct, business, or use constituting a violation.
Amendment of this chapter may be proposed by any member of Council, by the Planning Commission, or by petition of a person owning property within the Borough, in accordance with the following provisions:
A. 
Petitions for amendment submitted by property owners (other than curative amendments) shall be filed with the Borough. At the time of filing, the property owner shall pay the fee established from time to time by resolution of Council to cover the cost of review, advertising and administration.
B. 
Any proposed amendment, other than one proposed by the Planning Commission, shall be referred to the Planning Commission for review at least 30 days prior to the public hearing to be held by the Council. The Planning Commission shall review the proposed amendment and report its findings and recommendations in writing to the Council and the petitioner, if any.
C. 
Any proposed amendment shall also be referred to Allegheny County Economic Development for review and recommendation at least 30 days prior to the public hearing to be held by Council.
[Amended 8-8-2011 by Ord. No. 433]
D. 
Before voting on the enactment of an amendment, Council shall hold a public hearing thereon pursuant to public notice and, if the proposed amendment involves a Zoning Map change, notice of said public hearing shall be conspicuously posted along the perimeter of the affected tract at least one week prior to the date of the hearing to notify potentially interested citizens.
E. 
If, after any public hearing held upon an amendment, the proposed amendment is changed substantially or further revised to include land previously not affected by it, the Council shall hold another public hearing pursuant to public notice, before proceeding to vote on the amendment.
Prior to granting final approval of any site plan, conditional use, or other approval required by this chapter wherein the developer is required, or has agreed as a condition of approval, to provide and install specific amenities, including but not limited to the installation of trees, shrubbery, and other plant materials, installation of sidewalks, fences, or other landscaped materials, the provision of driveways, pathways, or other related remedy to circulation, or the demolition and removal of any structure or nonconforming signs, the developer shall provide a financial security to assure satisfactory completion of all said improvements. The amount of financial security to be posted shall be equal to 110% of the cost of completion of required improvements estimated as of 90 days following the date of anticipated completion by a professional engineer licensed as such in Pennsylvania and certified to be a fair and reasonable estimate of such cost. Said financial security shall be in the form of federal or commonwealth chartered lending institution irrevocable letters of credit and/or restrictive or escrow accounts in such lending institutions. Said financial security shall be released upon written certification by the Zoning Officer as to completion of all of the required improvements.
A. 
Establishment. In accordance with law, Council shall appoint and organize a Zoning Hearing Board, consisting of three members who are residents of the Borough, which shall adopt rules to govern its procedures. The Board shall hold meetings, keep minutes, and, pursuant to notice, shall conduct hearings, compel the attendance of witnesses, take testimony under oath, and render decisions in writing, all as required by law. A fee shall be charged in accordance with a schedule fixed by resolution of Council for any appeal or proceeding filed with the Board. The Board shall have the functions, powers and duties specifically granted by law. The term of office of Board members shall be three years and shall be so fixed that the term of office of one member shall expire each year. Members of the Board shall hold no other office in the Borough.
B. 
Alternates. If, by reason of absence or disqualification of a member, a quorum is not reached, the Chairman of the Board shall designate as many alternate members of the Board to sit on the Board as may be needed to provide a quorum. Any alternate member of the Board shall continue to serve on the Board in all proceedings involving the matter or case for which the alternate was initially appointed until the Board has made a final determination of the matter or case. Designation of an alternate shall be made on a case-by-case basis in rotation according to declining seniority among all alternates.
(1) 
Council may appoint by resolution at least one but no more than three residents of the Borough to serve as alternate members of the Board. The term of office of an alternate shall be three years. When seated an alternate shall be entitled to participate in all proceedings and discussions of the Board to the same and full extent as provided by law for Board members, including specifically the right to cast a vote as a voting member during the proceedings, and shall have all the powers and duties as provided by law.
(2) 
Alternates shall hold no other office in the Borough.
(3) 
Any alternate may participate in any proceeding or discussion of the Board, but shall not be entitled to vote as a member of the Board unless designated as a voting alternate member.
C. 
Hearings. The Zoning Hearing Board shall conduct hearings and make decisions in accordance with the following requirements, or as revised by the latest version of the Pennsylvania Municipalities Planning Code. [Note: The procedure and time limits set forth in this section are to be considered supplemental to those provided in the Municipalities Planning Code (PMPC), latest edition. In the event of a conflict the PMPC shall take precedence.]
(1) 
Public notice shall be given and written notice shall be given to the applicant, the Zoning Officer, such other persons as Council shall designate by ordinance, and to any person who has made timely request for the same. Written notice of hearings shall also be conspicuously posted on the affected tract of land at least one week prior to the hearing.
(2) 
The parties to the hearing shall be the Borough, any person affected by the application who has made timely appearance of record before the Zoning Hearing Board and any other person, including civic or community organizations permitted to appear by the Zoning Hearing Board. In any appeal of an enforcement notices to the Zoning Hearing Board, the Borough shall have the responsibility of representing its evidence first.
(3) 
The Chairman or Acting Chairman of the Zoning Hearing Board or the hearing officer presiding shall have power to administer oaths and issue subpoenas to compel the attendance of witnesses and the production of relevant documents and papers, including witnesses and documents requested by the parties.
(4) 
The parties shall have the right to be represented by counsel and shall be afforded the opportunity to respond and present evidence and argument and cross-examine adverse witnesses on all relevant issues.
(5) 
Formal rules of evidence shall not apply, but irrelevant, immaterial, or unduly repetitious evidence may be excluded.
(6) 
The Zoning Hearing Board or hearing officer, as the case may be, shall keep a stenographic record of the proceedings, and a transcript of the proceedings and copies of graphic or written material received in evidence shall be made available to any party at cost. The appearance fee for the stenographer shall be shared equally by the applicant and the Zoning Hearing Board. The cost of the original transcript shall be paid by the Board if the transcript is ordered by the Board or hearing officer or shall be paid by the person appealing from the decision of the Board if such appeal is made, and in either event the cost of additional copies shall be paid by the person requesting such copies. In other cases the party requesting the original transcript shall bear the cost thereof.
(7) 
The Board or hearing officer shall not communicate directly or indirectly with any party or his representative in connection with any issue involved, except upon notice and opportunity for all parties to participate, shall not take notice of any communication, report, staff memoranda, or other materials unless all parties are afforded an opportunity to contest the materials, except advice from their solicitor, so noticed and shall not inspect the site or its surroundings after the commencement of hearings with any party or his representative unless all parties are given an opportunity to be present.
(8) 
The Board or the hearing officer, as the case may be, shall render a written decision, or, when no decision is called for, make written findings on the application, within 45 days after the last hearing before the Board or hearing officer. Where the Board falls to render the decision within 45 days after the last hearing before the Board or hearing officer, or fails to hold the required hearing on the application within 60 days from the date of the applicant's request for hearing, the decision shall be deemed to have been rendered in favor of the applicant unless the applicant has agreed in writing to an extension of time. When a decision has been rendered in favor of the applicant because of the failure of the Board to meet or render a decision as hereinabove provided, the Zoning Hearing Board shall give public notice of said decision within 10 days from the last day it could have met to render a decision, in the same manner as provided in Subsection C(1).
(9) 
A copy of the final decision, or where no decision is called for, of the findings, shall be delivered to the applicant personally or mailed not later than the day following its date. The Board shall also provide by mail to all other persons who have filed their name and address with the Board a brief notice of the decision or findings and a statement of the place at which the full decision or findings may be examined.
(10) 
Where the application is contested or denied, each decision shall be accompanied by findings of fact and conclusions based thereon together with the reasons therefor. Conclusions based on any provisions of the Pennsylvania Municipalities Planning Code, of this chapter, or of any other ordinance, rule or regulation shall contain a reference to the provision relied on and the reasons why the conclusion is deemed appropriate in light of the facts found.
(11) 
Hearings before the Zoning Hearing Board shall be held within 60 days from the date of the applicant's request, unless the applicant has agreed in writing to an extension of time.
(12) 
Hearings shall be conducted by the Zoning Hearing Board or the Board may appoint any member as a hearing officer. The decision or, where no decision is called for, the findings shall be made by the Board. Notwithstanding the foregoing, the applicant or appellant, as the case may be, or the Borough may, prior to the decision or findings, waive decision or findings by the Board and accept the decision or findings of the hearing officer as final.
(13) 
If the hearing is conducted by a hearing officer, and there has been no stipulation that his decision or findings are final, the Board shall make his report and recommendations available to the parties within 45 days and the parties shall be entitled to make written representations thereon to the Board prior to final decision or entry of findings, and the Board's decision shall be entered no later than 30 days after the report of the hearing officer.
D. 
Fees. A fee as established from time to time by resolution of Council is to accompany the application. Any filing fees paid by a party to appeal an enforcement notice to the Zoning Hearing Board shall be returned to the appealing party by the Borough if the Zoning Hearing Board, or any court in a subsequent appeal, rules in the appealing party's favor.
E. 
Notice of hearings. Public notice of hearings before the Zoning Hearing Board shall be given as follows:
(1) 
Notice published once each week for two successive weeks in a newspaper of general circulation in Bradford Woods as designated from time to time by Council. Such notice shall state the time and place of the hearing and the particular nature of the matter to be considered at the hearing. The first publication shall be not more than 30 days and the second publication not less than seven days from the date of the hearing.
(2) 
Written notice to parties in interest, who shall be at least the applicant or appellant, the Zoning Officer, those persons whose properties adjoin or are across streets from the property in question, and any person who has made timely request for same.
(3) 
Tract posting at least one week prior to the hearing.
F. 
Appeals from the Zoning Officer. The Zoning Hearing Board shall have exclusive jurisdiction to hear and render final adjudications in appeals from determination of the Zoning Officer, including but not limited to the granting or denial of any permit, or failure to act on the application therefor, the issuance of any cease-and-desist order, the registration or refusal to register any nonconforming use, structure or lot, determination with reference to the administration of any floodplain or flood hazard ordinance or such provisions within a land use ordinance, determination under the preliminary opinion provisions of the Pennsylvania Municipalities Planning Code, or determination in administration of any land use ordinance or erosion thereof with reference to sedimentation and erosion control and stormwater management.
G. 
Stay of proceedings. Upon the filing of any proceeding (except application for variance or special exception) before the Zoning Hearing Board and during the pendency of such proceedings before the Board, all land development pursuant to any challenged ordinance, order, or approval of the Zoning Officer or of any agency or body and all official action thereunder shall be stayed unless the Zoning Officer or any other appropriate agency or body certifies to the Board facts indicating that such stay would cause imminent peril to life or property, in which case the development or official action shall not be stayed otherwise than by a restraining order which may be granted by the Board or by the court having jurisdiction of zoning appeals on petition after notice to the Zoning Officer or other appropriate agency or body.
A. 
Purpose and authority. The Zoning Hearing Board shall hear requests for variances where it is alleged that the provisions of this chapter inflict unnecessary hardship use upon the applicant and make decisions in accordance with the following requirements or as revised by the latest version of Pennsylvania Municipalities Planning Code. [Note: The procedure and time limits set forth in this section are to be considered supplemental to those provided in the Municipalities Planning Code (PMPC), latest edition. In the event of a conflict the PMPC shall take precedence.]
B. 
Requests. Requests for a variance under this section may be filed by any landowner. The applicant must prove that the variance will not be contrary to the public interest and that unnecessary hardship will result if it is not granted. In particular, the applicant shall establish and substantiate that the request for the variance is in conformance with all the requirements and standards listed below, where applicable in a given case:
(1) 
That there are unique physical circumstances or conditions, including irregularity, narrowness, or shallowness of lot size or shape, or exceptional topographical or other physical conditions peculiar to the particular property, and that the unnecessary hardship is due to such conditions and not the circumstances or conditions generally created by the provisions of this chapter in the neighborhood or district in which the property is located.
(2) 
That, because of such physical circumstances or conditions, there is no possibility that the property can be developed in strict conformity with the provisions of this chapter and that the authorization of a variance is, therefore, necessary to enable the reasonable use of the property.
(3) 
That the unnecessary hardship has not been created by the applicant.
(4) 
That the variance if authorized will not alter the essential character of the neighborhood or district in which the property is located, nor substantially or permanently impair the appropriate use or development of adjacent property, nor be detrimental to the public welfare.
(5) 
That the variance if authorized will represent the minimum variance that will afford relief and will represent the least modification possible of the regulation in issue.
C. 
Application. An application for a variance shall be filed with the Zoning Hearing Board on a form provided. The application shall contain or be accompanied by such copies, information and plans as required on the application. At a minimum, the application shall be accompanied by a drawing showing the proposed development and other site features necessary to evaluate the variance request under this section.
D. 
Fee. A fee as established from time to time by resolution of Council is to accompany the application.
E. 
Completeness. Within five days after receiving an application for a variance, the Chairman or Acting Chairman of the Zoning Hearing Board shall determine whether the application is complete. If such officer determines that the application is not complete, he shall notify the applicant in writing of any deficiencies and shall take no further steps to process the application until the applicant remedies the deficiencies.
F. 
Action. The Zoning Hearing Board shall review the application and shall conduct a hearing on the application in accordance with the requirements this chapter. The Zoning Hearing Board shall grant the variance, grant the variance subject to specified conditions, or deny the variance.
G. 
Standards. The Zoning Hearing Board may grant a variance provided that all the following findings are made:
(1) 
That there are unique physical circumstances or conditions, including irregularity, narrowness, or shallowness of lot size or shape, or exceptional topography or other physical conditions peculiar to the particular property, and that the unnecessary hardship is due to such conditions, and not the circumstances or conditions generally created by the provision in the district in which the property is located;
(2) 
That because of such physical circumstances or conditions, there is no possibility that the property can be developed in strict conformity with the provisions of this chapter and that the authorization of a variance is therefore necessary to the reasonable use of such property;
(3) 
That such unnecessary hardship has not been created by the appellant;
(4) 
That the variance, if authorized, will not alter the essential character of the neighborhood or district in which the property is located, nor substantially or permanently impair the appropriate use or development of adjacent property, nor be detrimental to the public welfare; and
(5) 
That the variance, if authorized, will represent the minimum variance that will afford relief and will represent the least modification possible of the regulation in issue.
H. 
Conditions. In general, the power to authorize a variance from the terms of this chapter shall be sparingly exercised and only under peculiar and exceptional circumstances. In granting any variance, the Zoning Hearing Board may attach such reasonable conditions and safeguards as it may deem necessary to implement the purposes of the MPC Section 105[1] and this chapter.
[1]
Editor's Note: See 53 P.S. § 10105.
I. 
Time limits on variances.
(1) 
No variance shall be valid for a period longer than one year unless a building permit is issued and construction has commenced, or unless a certificate of occupancy is issued and a use commenced within such period. The Zoning Hearing Board may grant an extension of this time limit for up to one year, for good cause shown, upon receiving a written request from the applicant at least 30 days before the expiration of the original time limit.
(2) 
If after any time after a variance is approved the applicant is found to be in violation of any of the conditions to the approval, the standards of this subsection, or other standards or requirements of this chapter, the recipient of the variance approval shall be subject to the penalties described in § 225-60 of this chapter, including the revocation of the variance approval.
J. 
Appeals. All appeals from decisions rendered under this section shall be taken to the Court of Common Pleas.
A. 
The Zoning Hearing Board shall hear and decide requests for special exceptions as follows or as revised by the latest version of the Pennsylvania Municipalities Planning Code. [Note: The procedure and time limits set forth in this section are to be considered supplemental to those provided in the Municipalities Planning Code (PMPC), latest edition. In the event of a conflict the PMPC shall take precedence.]
B. 
A special exception is issued for an exceptional use which may be permitted within a particular zoning district if the Zoning Hearing Board determines its availability. Such uses are made available as a privilege, not as a right, assuming that the requisite facts and conditions detailed in this chapter are found to exist.
(1) 
Purpose and authority. Special exceptions are those uses which are generally compatible with the uses permitted in a zoning district, but require individual review of their location, design and intensity in order to ensure their appropriateness on any particular parcel of land and the compatibility of the use with adjacent uses. Approval may be granted for those special exceptions enumerated in each of the zoning districts established in Table 1[1] of this chapter in accordance with the provisions of this section.
[1]
Editor's Note: Table 1 is included at the end of this chapter.
(2) 
Requests. Requests for a special exception approval under this section may be filed by any landowner or tenant with the permission of such landowner.
(3) 
Application. An application for a special exception shall be filed with the Zoning Hearing Board on a form provided. The application shall contain or be accompanied by such copies, information and plans as required on the application. At a minimum, the application shall be accompanied by a drawing showing the proposed development and other site features necessary to evaluate the special exception request under this section.
(4) 
Fee. A fee as established from time to time by resolution of Council is to accompany the application.
(5) 
Completeness. Within five days after receiving an application for a special exception, the Chairman or Acting Chairman of the Zoning Hearing Board shall determine whether the application is complete. If such officer determines that the application is not complete, he shall notify the applicant in writing of any deficiencies and shall take no further steps to process the application until the applicant remedies the deficiencies.
(6) 
Action. The Zoning Hearing Board shall review the application and shall conduct a hearing on the application in accordance with the requirements this chapter. The Zoning Hearing Board shall grant the special exception, grant the special exception subject to specified conditions, or deny the special exception.
(7) 
Standards. The Zoning Hearing Board may grant a special exception provided that all the following findings are made:
(a) 
General.
[1] 
That the proposed use or development of the land will be in harmony with the scale, bulk, coverage, density and character of the area or neighborhood in which it is located;
[2] 
That the proposed use will not hinder or discourage the appropriate development and use of adjacent land and buildings or impair the value thereof;
[3] 
That the proposed use will not adversely affect the health or safety of persons residing or working in the neighborhood of the proposed use;
[4] 
That the proposed use will not alter the essential character of the neighborhood or district in which the property is located, nor substantially or permanently impair the appropriate use or development of adjacent property, nor be detrimental to the public welfare;
[5] 
That the proposed use is reasonably necessary for the public health or general welfare;
[6] 
That the proposed use will not cause undue traffic congestion or create a traffic hazard;
[7] 
That the proposed use complies with the minimum standards for development within the applicable zoning district and any standards which are set out for the specific use in regulations for the applicable zoning district.
(b) 
Specific.
[1] 
Height over 35 feet.
[a] 
That all required front, side, and rear yard depths are increased one foot for each additional foot of height; or
[b] 
That the structure is any of the following: television or radio antennas, church spires, chimneys, or flagpoles and provided that:
[i] 
Such structures do not constitute a hazard;
[ii] 
The design is in keeping with the rural character of the neighborhood; and
[iii] 
The location is only the side or rear yard.
(8) 
Conditions. In allowing a special exception, the Zoning Hearing Board may attach such reasonable conditions and safeguards as it may deem necessary to implement the purposes of the MPC Section 105[2] and this chapter.
[2]
Editor's Note: See 53 P.S. § 10105.
(9) 
Time limits on special exceptions.
(a) 
No special exception shall be valid for a period longer than one year unless a building permit is issued and construction has commenced, or unless a certificate of occupancy is issued and a use commenced within such period. The Zoning Hearing Board may grant an extension of this time limit for up to one year, for good cause shown, upon receiving a written request from the applicant at least 30 days before the expiration of the original time limit.
(b) 
If at any time after a special exception is approved the applicant is found to be in violation of any of the conditions to the approval, the standards of this subsection, or other standards or requirements of this chapter, the recipient of the special exception approval shall be subject to the penalties described in § 225-60 of this chapter, including the revocation of the special exception approval.
(10) 
Appeals. All appeals from decisions rendered under this section shall be taken to the Court of Common Pleas.