As used in this Chapter, the following terms shall mean:
- Every vehicle propelled solely by human power upon which any person may ride, having two (2) tandem wheels, or two (2) parallel wheels and one (1) or two (2) forward or rear wheels, all of which are more than fourteen (14) inches in diameter, except scooters and similar devices.
- MOTORIZED BICYCLE
- Any two- or three-wheeled device having an automatic transmission and a motor with a cylinder capacity of not more than fifty (50) cubic centimeters, which produces less than three (3) gross brake horsepower, and is capable of propelling the device at a maximum speed of not more than thirty (30) miles per hour on level ground. A motorized bicycle shall be considered a motor vehicle for purposes of any homeowners' or renters' insurance policy.
[R.O. 2005 §26-396; Code 1997 §26-396]
This Chapter shall apply whenever a bicycle or motorized bicycle is operated upon any street or highway or upon any pathway, sidewalk or bridle trail, except as otherwise provided in this Chapter.
Every bicycle and motorized bicycle shall be equipped with a brake or brakes which will enable its driver to stop the bicycle or motorized bicycle within twenty-five (25) feet from a speed of ten (10) miles per hour on dry, level, clean pavement.
Every bicycle and motorized bicycle when in use on a street or highway during the period from one-half (½) hour after sunset to one-half (½) hour before sunrise shall be equipped with the following:
A front-facing lamp on the front or carried by the rider which shall emit a white light visible at night under normal atmospheric conditions on a straight, level, unlighted roadway at five hundred (500) feet;
A rear-facing red reflector, at least two (2) square inches in reflective surface area, or a rear-facing red lamp on the rear which shall be visible at night under normal atmospheric conditions on a straight, level, unlighted roadway when viewed by a vehicle driver under the lower beams of vehicle headlights at six hundred (600) feet;
Reflective material and/or lights on any part of the bicyclist's pedals, crank arms, shoes or lower leg visible from the front and the rear at night under normal atmospheric conditions on a straight, level, unlighted roadway when viewed by a vehicle driver under the lawful lower beams of vehicle headlights at two hundred (200) feet; and
Reflective material and/or lights visible on each side of the bicycle or bicyclist and visible at night under normal atmospheric conditions on a straight, level, unlighted roadway when viewed by a vehicle driver under the lawful lower beams of vehicle headlights at three hundred (300) feet. The provisions of this Subsection shall not apply to motorized bicycles which comply with National Highway Traffic and Safety Administration regulations relating to reflectors on motorized bicycles.
Every person riding a bicycle or motorized bicycle upon a street or highway shall be granted all of the rights and shall be subject to all of the duties applicable to the driver of a vehicle as provided by Chapter 304, RSMo., and this Title, except as to special regulations in this Chapter, and except as to those provisions of Chapter 304, RSMo., and this Title, which by their nature can have no application.
Every person operating a bicycle or motorized bicycle at less than the posted speed or slower than the flow of traffic upon a street or highway shall ride as near to the right side of the roadway as safe, exercising due care when passing a standing vehicle or one proceeding in the same direction, except when making a left turn, when avoiding hazardous conditions, when the lane is too narrow to share with another vehicle, or when on a one-way street. Bicyclists may ride abreast when not impeding other vehicles.
A person operating a bicycle at less than the posted speed or slower than the flow of traffic upon a street or highway may operate as described in Section 380.050 of this Chapter or may operate on the shoulder adjacent to the roadway.
A bicycle operated on a roadway, or the shoulder adjacent to a roadway, shall be operated in the same direction as vehicles are required to be driven upon the roadway.
The operator of a bicycle shall signal as required in Section 340.170 of this Title, except that a signal by the hand and arm need not be given continuously if the hand is needed to control or operate the bicycle. An operator of a bicycle intending to turn the bicycle to the right shall signal as indicated in Section 340.170 of this Title or by extending such operator's right arm in a horizontal position so that the same may be seen in front and in rear of the vehicle.
Any person seventeen (17) years of age or older who violates any provision of this Chapter is guilty of an ordinance violation and, upon conviction thereof, shall be punished by a fine of not less than five dollars ($5.00) nor more than twenty-five dollars ($25.00). If any person under seventeen (17) years of age violates any provision of this Chapter in the presence of a Police Officer, said officer may impound the bicycle or motorized bicycle involved for a period not to exceed five (5) days upon issuance of a receipt to the child riding it or to its owner.
No person shall operate a motorized bicycle on any highways, streets or roads in this City unless the person has a valid license to operate a motor vehicle.
No motorized bicycle may be operated on any public thoroughfare located within this City which has been designated as part of the Federal interstate highway system.
No person shall operate a motorized bicycle on any highways, streets or roads in this City unless it is equipped in accordance with the minimum requirements for construction and equipment of MOPEDS, Regulation VESC-17, approved July, 1977, as promulgated by the Vehicle Equipment Safety Commission.
[R.O. 2005 §26-399; CC 1997 §26-399; Ord. No. 2731 §2, 12-7-2005]
A person propelling a bicycle or motorized bicycle shall have it under control at all times and shall ride it in a manner which will in no way endanger any person or property.
A person propelling a bicycle or motorized bicycle on a public street shall not ride other than astride a permanent and regular seat attached thereto.
No bicycle or motorized bicycle operated on a public street shall be used to carry more persons at one time than the number for which it is designated and equipped.
It shall be unlawful for a parent or guardian to permit a child under the age of seventeen (17) years to operate or be a passenger on a bicycle or motorized bicycle unless the child shall wear protective headgear which properly fits and is fastened securely upon the head of the operator or passenger. The headgear shall meet or exceed the impact standard for protective bicycle helmets set by the U.S. Consumer Products Safety Commission, the American National Standards Institute (ANSI), the Snell Memorial Foundation or the American Society of Testing and Materials (ASTM). Any parent or guardian found to be in violation of this Subsection may be issued a violation notice, which violation may be dismissed if the parent or guardian brings an approved helmet to the Ellisville Police Department within twenty-five (25) working days of receipt of the violation.
[R.O. 2005 §26-400; CC 1997 §26-400]
Every person operating a bicycle or motorized bicycle upon a street or roadway shall ride as near to the right side of the street or roadway as practicable, exercising due care when passing a standing vehicle or one proceeding in the same direction.
Persons riding bicycles or motorized bicycles upon a street or roadway shall ride single file except on paths or parts of streets or roadways set aside for the exclusive use of bicycles.
Wherever a usable path for bicycles has been provided adjacent to a street or roadway, bicycle riders may use such path and not use the street or roadway. Persons lawfully riding upon sidewalks shall yield the right-of-way to any pedestrian and shall give audible signal before overtaking and passing such pedestrian.
State Law Reference—Similar provisions, §307.190, RSMo.
[R.O. 2005 §26-402; CC 1997 §26-402]
No person shall operate a bicycle or motorized bicycle at a speed greater than is reasonable and prudent under conditions then existing.
[R.O. 2005 §26-403; CC 1997 §26-403]
The operator of a bicycle or motorized bicycle emerging from an alley, driveway or building shall, upon approaching a sidewalk area extending across any alleyway, yield the right-of-way to all pedestrians approaching on such sidewalk or sidewalk area and upon entering the street or roadway shall yield the right-of-way to all vehicles approaching on such street or roadway.
[R.O. 2005 §26-404; CC 1997 §26-404]
No person operating a bicycle or motorized bicycle shall carry any package, bundle or article which prevents the rider from keeping at least one (1) hand upon the handlebars.
[R.O. 2005 §26-405; CC 1997 §26-405]
No person shall park or leave any bicycle or motorized bicycle upon a street or any sidewalk or against any building along any sidewalk in a manner which obstructs vehicular use of the street or pedestrian use of the sidewalk.