[HISTORY: Adopted by the Board of Supervisors of the Township of Chestnuthill 7-16-2019 by Ord. No. 2019-02. Amendments noted where applicable.]
This chapter shall be known as and may be cited as "short-term rentals."
The provisions of this chapter shall apply to all residential dwelling units, conversions of nonresidential structures to residential dwellings, and all existing premises within the Township of Chestnuthill. The owner of the subject property shall be responsible for compliance with the provisions of this chapter and the failure of an owner, agency, managing agency, local contact person, or renting occupants to comply with the provisions of this chapter shall be deemed noncompliance by the owner.
This chapter is not intended to, and does not, excuse any landowner from compliance with the Chestnuthill Township Zoning Ordinance, as amended from time to time. Whenever possible, this chapter and the Zoning Ordinance should be construed and interpreted as being consistent, and not in conflict.
For the purposes of this chapter, words and terms used herein shall have the meanings found in § 119-21 of Chapter 119 of the Code of the Township of Chestnuthill, and as follows:
- A room intended for, or capable of, being used for sleeping and that is at least 70 square feet in area. Reference Chapter 73 of the DEP regulations, which allows for a peak daily flow based for residential homes on the number of bedrooms. For example, a three-bedroom home would require a system designed for 400 gallons per/day, a four-bedroom home would require a system designed for 500 gallons/day.
- A person who is the business of pumping/cleaning on-lot sewage disposal systems and transporting the septage removed from those systems.
- SHORT-TERM RENTAL LICENSE
- A license granted by the Township permitting a dwelling unit to be utilized for short-term rental use.
No owner of any property in Chestnuthill Township shall operate a short-term rental in Chestnuthill Township without first obtaining a short-term rental license from the Zoning Officer. Operation of a short-term rental without such short-term rental license is a violation of this chapter.
Short-term rental licenses applications shall contain all of the following information:
The name, address, telephone number and email address of the owner. If the owner does not have a managing agency, agent or local contact person then the owner shall provide a twenty-four-hour telephone number. If the owner uses a managing agency, agent or local contact person then that managing agency, agent or local contact person shall have written authorization to accept service for the owner.
The name, address and twenty-four-hour telephone number of the managing agency, agent or local contact person.
Floor plans for the short-term rental unit, including total habitable floor space and total number of bedrooms.
If the building is a multiunit structure, the total number of dwelling units in the structure and the number of dwelling units being used as short-term rentals.
A site plan showing the location and number of on-site parking spaces.
The location, approximate age and capacity of the sewage disposal system. The owner of the property shall supply the Township with an evaluation from a pumper/hauler certifying the sewage disposal system is properly functioning as intended, and proof that the tank was pumped by a pumper/hauler within at least three years prior to the date of the application for a short-term rental license, or a renewal thereof, for review and approval by the Sewage Enforcement Officer.
Copies of current Monroe County hotel room excise tax certificate and current Pennsylvania sales and use tax license.
Signatures of both the owner and the local managing agent or local contact person.
Trespass waiver, signed by the owner, allowing access to the property for the Enforcement Officers for the purpose of inspection to verify compliance with this chapter.
Copy of the current recorded deed for the property establishing ownership.
Declaration page of a paid up, current insurance policy in effect with respect to the property evidencing at least $500,000 in liability insurance covering short-term rentals for the full duration of their license term.
A short-term rental license shall be issued only to the owner of the short-term rental property.
A separate short-term rental license is required for each dwelling unit; for two-family or multifamily dwellings, a separate short-term rental license shall be required for each dwelling unit being rented as a short-term rental.
A short-term rental license is effective for a period of one year, or until any of the conditions of the short-term rental which are governed by this chapter are changed, whichever shall first occur. A short-term license must be renewed annually and also when any of the conditions of the short-term rental, which are governed by this chapter, are changed.
The Township will prescribe forms and procedures for the processing of permit applications under this chapter.
Overnight occupancy of a short-term rental shall be limited to no more than two persons per bedroom, and the maximum number of day guests allowed at any one time, in addition to the overnight occupants, shall be 50% of the maximum overnight occupancy of the short-term rental.
The number of bedrooms permitted for a short-term rental shall not exceed the number of bedrooms approved for the dwelling unit on the sewage permit issued for such property. Where there is no sewage permit on record, the short-term rental shall be limited to three bedrooms unless proof is provided to the Sewage Enforcement Officer that the sewage disposal system is adequate to handle additional flows. Any short-term rental advertising more than five bedrooms shall provide proof that the sewage disposal system is adequate to handle such flows by having the system approved by the Sewage Enforcement Officer, or by providing a sewage disposal system permit previously issued by a Sewage Enforcement Officer. If a sewage disposal system malfunction occurs, short-term rental of the dwelling unit shall be discontinued until the malfunction is corrected in accordance with Township and Pennsylvania Department of Environmental Protection requirements.
Outdoor parking for overnight and day guests shall be limited to available parking areas on the short-term rental property. In no event shall parking for short-term rental guests include spaces in any public street right-of-way or on any lawns or vegetated areas.
Neither short-term rental occupants nor guests shall engage in disorderly conduct or disturb the peace and quiet of any nearby neighborhood or person by loud, unusual or excessive noise, by tumultuous or offensive conduct, public indecency, threatening, traducing, quarreling, challenging to fight, or fighting, or creating a dangerous or physically offensive condition.
The owner shall use best efforts to assure that the occupants or guests of the short-term rental do not create unreasonable noise or disturbances, engage in disorderly conduct, or otherwise violate provisions of the Chestnuthill Township Code or any state law pertaining to noise or disorderly conduct including, but not limited to, notifying the occupants of the rules regarding short-term rentals and promptly responding when notified that occupants are violating laws, ordinances or regulations regarding their occupancy.
The owner shall, upon notification that occupants or guests of the short-term rental have created unreasonable noise or disturbances, engaged in disorderly conduct or otherwise violated provisions of the Chestnuthill Township Code or state law pertaining to noise or disorderly conduct, promptly use best efforts to prevent a recurrence of such conduct by those occupants or guests.
Overnight occupancy of recreational vehicles, camper trailers and tents at the property where the short-term rental is located shall not be allowed. Outdoor overnight sleeping of occupants or guests of the short-term rental is prohibited.
All short-term rental owners, managers, agents or agencies shall supply each occupant with a packet of Township requirements, as well as have a clearly visible and legible notice posted within the dwelling unit on or adjacent to the front door containing the following information:
The name of the owner of the dwelling unit or the managing agency, agent, property manager, or local contact authorized in writing to accept service for the owner of the dwelling unit and a telephone number at which that party can be reached on a twenty-four-hour basis.
The E-911 address of the property.
The maximum number of occupants permitted to stay in the dwelling unit and the maximum number of day guests permitted at any one time.
The maximum number of all vehicles allowed to be on the property and the requirement that all guest parking must be parked in the available parking areas on the property and not in or along any private, community or public street right-of-way or on any lawn or vegetated area on the property.
The trash disposal method (Chestnuthill Township Transfer Station or private hauler), including contact information) and notification that trash and refuse shall not be left or stored on the exterior of the property except in watertight metal or plastic trash containers from 6:00 p.m. on the day prior to trash pickup to 6:00 p.m. on the day designated for trash pick-up. If the Township Transfer Station is used for disposal, receipts need to be retained as proof of proper disposal.
Notification that an occupant or guest may be cited and fined for creating a disturbance or for violating other provisions of the Chestnuthill Township Code, including parking and occupancy limits.
Notification that short-term rental occupants and guests are required to make the dwelling unit available for inspection by the Zoning Officer upon request.
All short-term rental dwelling units shall be equipped as follows:
Smoke alarms shall be installed in the following locations:
In each sleeping room.
Outside each separate sleeping area in the immediate vicinity of the bedrooms.
On each additional story of the dwelling, including basements and habitable attics.
Smoke alarms shall be installed not less than three feet (914 mm) horizontally from the door or opening of a bathroom that contains a bathtub or shower.
Smoke alarms shall be listed in accordance with UL 217. Combination smoke and carbon monoxide alarms shall be listed in accordance with UL 217 and UL 2034.
Smoke alarms and carbon monoxide alarms shall receive their primary power from the building wiring where such wiring is served from a commercial source and, where primary power is interrupted, shall receive power from a battery. Wiring shall be permanent and without a disconnecting switch other than those required for overcurrent protection.
Combination smoke and carbon monoxide detectors shall be permitted to be installed in fire alarm systems in lieu of smoke detectors, provided that they are listed in accordance with UL 268 and UL 2075.
All the above alarm devices shall be interconnected in such a manner that the actuation of one alarm will activate all of the alarms in the individual dwelling unit. Physical interconnection of smoke alarms shall not be required where listed wireless alarms are installed and all alarms sound upon activation of one alarm.
Ground fault receptacles shall be installed or provided in the following locations:
A minimum 3A 30BC fire extinguisher must be installed in a conspicuous location, hung at 46 inches above the floor to the top of the handle. The fire extinguisher must be tagged with a current inspection date from a fire extinguisher inspection company. Fire extinguishers must be inspected by that company yearly.
Where space for a clothes dryer is provided, an exhaust duct system shall be installed. Dryer duct shall be installed and the exhaust duct shall follow the following requirements:
Exhaust ducts shall have a smooth interior finish and be constructed of metal having a minimum thickness of 0.0157 inches (No. 28 gauge). The duct shall be four inches nominal in diameter.
Exhaust ducts shall be supported at intervals not to exceed six feet and shall be secured in place. The insert end of the duct shall extend into the adjoining duct or fitting in the direction of airflow. Exhaust duct joints shall be sealed with a listed tape and shall be mechanically fastened. Ducts shall not be joined with screws or similar fasteners that protrude more than 1/8 inch into the inside of the duct.
Transition ducts used to connect the dryer to the exhaust duct system shall be a single length that is listed and labeled in accordance with UL 2158A. Transition ducts shall be not greater than eight feet in length. Transition ducts shall not be concealed within construction.
Maximum duct length shall follow the manufacturer's requirements. When the manufacturer's requirements are not known, the maximum duct length shall be 35 feet. Elbows shall be considered a five-foot duct length. A 45° elbow shall be considered a two-foot, six-inch duct length.
Interior and exterior stairs. All stairs shall meet the following requirements:
Stairs shall be free from any defects and structurally sound.
Every exterior and interior flight of stairs having four or more risers shall have a handrail on one side of the stair and every open portion of a stair, landing, balcony, porch, deck, ramp or other walking surface that is more than 30 inches above the floor or grade below shall have guards. Handrails shall be not less than 34 inches in height or more than 38 inches in height measured vertically above the nosing of the tread or above the finished floor of the landing or walking surfaces. Guards shall be not less than 36 inches in height above the floor of the landing, balcony, porch, deck, or ramp or other walking surface.
Short-term rental license fees, payable to Chestnuthill Township upon the filing of a short-term rental license application, shall be in such amount as may be established by resolution duly adopted by the Board of Supervisors.
Any short-term rental license is good for a period not to exceed one year from the date of issuance and must be renewed annually. Short-term rental license renewal fees, payable to Chestnuthill Township upon the filing of a short-term rental license renewal application, shall be in such amount as may be established by resolution duly adopted by the Board of Supervisors.
Short-term rental license renewal applications shall contain information regarding any changes from the immediately preceding application with respect to matters governed by this chapter.
Verification that all owed hotel and sales taxes have been paid shall be made before a short-term rental license renewal application is granted.
The Enforcement Officer shall be the Zoning Officer, as well as any Assistant Zoning Officer, Building Code Inspector and Sewage Enforcement Officer appointed by the Board of Supervisors from time to time. The Enforcement Officer shall have the responsibility and authority to administer and enforce all provisions of this chapter.
All short-term rentals shall be subject to inspections by the Enforcement Officer to verify application information, license, license renewal and/or operating requirements.
The issuance of a short-term rental license is not a warranty or guarantee that the premises are lawful, safe, habitable, or in compliance with this chapter.
If there is reason to believe that any provision of this chapter is being violated, the Enforcement Officer may enter onto premises for the purpose of inspecting the premises, as well as any and all buildings and/or structures located thereon, to ascertain the existence of violations. In those matters where the nature of an alleged violation is such that an inspection of the interior of a building or structure is necessitated, prior arrangements must be made with the owner or owner's agent to secure access thereto.
The marketing of a short-term rental in which the advertised occupancy exceeds the maximum occupancy requirements permitted by this chapter, or which promotes any other activity which is prohibited by this chapter, shall be a violation of this chapter.
If it appears to an Enforcement Officer that a violation of this chapter exists or has occurred, the Enforcement Officer shall send a written notice of violation to the owner by personal delivery or by both United States first class and certified mail. The enforcement notice shall identify the premises which is the subject of the violation, enumerate the conditions which constitute the violation, cite the specific sections of this chapter which are violated, indicate the action required to correct the violation, and provide a time frame (established by the Enforcement Officer based upon the nature of the violation) to correct the violation. The Pennsylvania State Police (PSP) will also be notified of these violations and locations.
In the interest of promoting the public health, safety and welfare, and minimizing the burden on the Township and community services and impacts on residential neighborhoods posed by short-term rentals, a violation of any of the provisions of this chapter is declared to be a public nuisance.
This chapter shall be enforced by action brought before a Magisterial District Judge in the same manner provided for the enforcement of summary offenses under the Pennsylvania Rules of Criminal Procedure. Any person, partnership, corporation or other entity who or which violates or permits a violation of the provisions of this chapter shall, upon conviction in a summary proceeding, pay a fine of not less than $100 nor more than $1,000 per violation, plus all court costs and reasonable attorney's fees incurred by Chestnuthill Township in the enforcement proceedings, and/or be imprisoned to the extent allowed by law for the punishment of summary offenses. Each day or portion thereof that a violation exists or continues shall constitute a separate violation. Further, the appropriate officers or agents of Chestnuthill Township are hereby authorized to seek equitable relief, including injunction to enforce compliance with this chapter. All fines, penalties, costs and reasonable attorney's fees collected for the violation of this chapter shall be paid to Chestnuthill Township for its general use.
In addition to, but not in limitation of, the provisions of Subsection A and § 100-13, the Zoning Officer may either revoke, or deny an application to renew, a short-term rental license for any uncured or repeated violations of this chapter during any twelve-month license term. The revocation or denial to renew a short-term rental license shall continue for one year for any uncured or repeated violations.
If the premises are owned by more than one owner, each owner shall severally be subject to prosecution for a violation of this chapter.
Appeals of a determination of the Zoning Officer under this chapter to deny any application for, or to renew, a short-term rental license, or to revoke a short-term rental license, shall be filed with the Board of Supervisors within 30 days of the date of the denial of application or revocation of permit. Appeals shall be processed as follows:
All appeals shall be in writing and signed by the appellant on forms prescribed by the Township, and shall be accompanied by a fee, the amount of which shall be established by the Township Supervisors, which may include notice and advertising costs, and necessary administrative overhead in relation to the hearing.
Each appeal shall fully set forth the determination appealed from, a detailed reason or basis for the appeal, and the relief sought. Every appeal shall refer to the specific provision of circumstances of the case.
Hearings. The Board of Supervisors shall conduct hearings and make decisions pursuant to the Act of December 2,1968 (P.L. 1133, No. 353), known as the "Local Agency Law," and in accordance with the following requirements:
Written notice shall be given to the appellant, the Zoning Officer, and to any person who has made timely request for same. Written notices shall be given at such time and in such manner as shall be prescribed by rules of the Board of Supervisors, but not less than 15 days prior to the hearing.
The hearing shall be held within 60 days from the date the appeal is filed, unless the appellant has agreed in writing to an extension of time.
The hearings shall be conducted by the Board of Supervisors. The decision or, where no decision is called for, the findings, shall be in writing by the Board of Supervisors within 45 days after the conclusion of the hearing, unless the appellant has agreed in writing to an extension of time, and shall be communicated to the appellant and any other parties who have entered their written appearance and requested a copy of the decisions, at the addresses provided by them either by personal delivery or by United States First Class mail postage prepaid.
The Chairman or Acting Chairman of the Board or the hearing officer presiding shall have power to administer oaths and issue subpoenas to compel the attendance of witnesses and the production of relevant documents and papers, including witnesses and documents requested by parties.
The parties shall have the right to be represented by counsel and shall be afforded the opportunity to respond and present evidence and argument and cross-examine adverse witnesses on all relevant issues.
Formal rules of evidence shall not apply, but irrelevant, immaterial or unduly repetitious evidence may be excluded.
The Board of Supervisors may, but is not required to, make a stenographic record of the proceedings. In the event a stenographic record of the proceedings is not provided by the Board of Supervisors, a stenographic record shall be made and kept at the request of any party agreeing to pay the costs thereof. Any party or other person desiring a copy of the stenographic record shall order the copy directly from the stenographer who prepared the same and shall pay the cost imposed by the stenographer for the copy directly to the stenographer.
The Board of Supervisors shall not communicate, directly or indirectly, with any party or any party's representatives in connection with any issue involved except upon notice and opportunity for all parties to participate; shall not take notice of any communication, reports, staff memoranda, or other materials, except advice from their solicitor, unless the parties are afforded an opportunity to contest the material so noticed; and shall not inspect the site or its surroundings after the commencement of hearings with any party or any party's representative unless all parties are given opportunity to be present.
Editor's Note: See 2 Pa.C.S.A. § 551 et seq.