Township of Lacey, NJ
Ocean County
By using eCode360 you agree to be legally bound by the Terms of Use. If you do not agree to the Terms of Use, please do not use eCode360.
Table of Contents
Table of Contents
The subdivider or owner shall observe the following requirements and principles of land subdivision in the design of each subdivision or portion thereof as set forth herein. All materials and construction practices for construction of streets, curbs, sidewalks, storm sewers, as well as the type and quantity of topsoil and other concrete work, shall be accomplished in accordance with the New Jersey State Highway Department Standard Specifications for Road and Bridge Construction — 1961, and as amended, which shall hereafter be referred to as "standard specifications."
A. 
The subdivision plat shall conform to design standards that will encourage good development patterns within the Township of Lacey. Where either or both an Official Map or Master Plan has or have been adopted, the subdivision shall conform to the proposals and conditions shown thereon. It is the intention of these regulations that proper performance of the work is the sole responsibility of the subdivider. The streets, drainage rights-of-way, school sites, public parks and playgrounds shown on an officially adopted Master Plan or Official Map shall be considered in approval of subdivision plats.
B. 
Only two (2) minor subdivisions shall be allowed in any one (1) tract of land unless the owner or subdivider conforms to such regulations herein provided pertaining to major subdivisions as the Planning Board may require.
A. 
The arrangement of streets not shown on the Master Plan or Official Map shall be such as to provide for the appropriate extension of existing streets.
B. 
Minor streets shall be designed so as to discourage through traffic.
C. 
Subdivisions abutting arterial streets.
(1) 
Subdivisions abutting arterial streets shall provide a marginal access service road or reverse frontage with a buffer strip for planting, or some other means of separation of through and local traffic as the Planning Board may determine appropriate. When frontage on a minor street is required, there shall be no driveway or other curb cut permitted along the frontage of the primary road.
(2) 
All lots requiring reverse frontage shall have an additional twenty-five (25) feet of depth above the requirements of Chapter 335, Zoning. At the discretion of the Planning Board this twenty-five (25) feet of depth will be planted by the developer in evergreen trees and shrubs so as to provide a visual screen at least six (6) feet in height and covering fifty percent (50%) of the frontage of the property by the end of two (2) growing seasons.
(3) 
The reverse frontage height of growth requirements can be met in part by grading dirt at a slope of one to three (1:3) to a height of four (4) feet within the twenty-five-foot reverse strip.
(4) 
No subdivision showing reverse strips controlling access to streets shall be approved except where the control and disposal of land comprising such strips has been placed in the governing body under conditions approved by the Board.
D. 
Rights-of-way.
(1) 
The right-of-way width shall be measured from lot line to lot line. The pavement width shall be as specified. The following dimensions shall be the minimum acceptable:
Type of Street
Over-all Width
(feet)
Road-way Width
(feet)
Side-walk Width
(feet)
Arterial
80
50
4
Collector
60
40
4
Minor
50
30
4
(2) 
The right-of-way for internal roads in multifamily, commercial and industrial developments shall be determined on an individual basis and shall never be less than thirty-three (33) feet and shall in all cases be of sufficient width and design to safely accommodate the maximum traffic, parking and loading needs and maximum access for fire-fighting equipment; provided, however, that such rights-of-way are in conformance with the Lacey Township Master Plan.
E. 
Subdivisions that adjoin or include existing streets that do not conform to widths as shown on the Master Plan or Official Map or the street width requirements of this chapter shall dedicate additional width along either one (1) or both sides of said road. If the subdivision is along one (1) side only, one-half (1/2) of the required extra width shall be dedicated. In the case of such a on-half street, the subdivider shall be required to improve, in accordance with Article V, the one-half street, including ten (10) feet on either side of the center line of the street. If a realignment of an existing road is proposed, the developer shall provide not less than one-half (1/2) of the future width of the side or sides owned by him and one-half (1/2) of the future width from the new chapter line through any parcels not owned by him. It shall be the developer's obligation to obtain the required right-of-way from the owner/owners of the lands not owned by the developer which are affected by the proposed realignment.
F. 
Grades.
[Amended 12-18-1980 by Ord. No. 32-80]
(1) 
Grades of arterial and collector streets shall not exceed four percent (4%). Grades of other streets shall not exceed six percent (6%). No street shall have a minimum grade of less than one-half of one percent (1/2 of 1%). Changes of grades may be had under special improvement conditions recognized and approved by the Planning Board. Special details may be required where grades exceed two and one-half percent (2 1/2%).
(2) 
Under certain conditions, the above-noted maximum longitudinal profile grades may be exceeded upon approval by the Planning Board, based on the recommendation of the Planning Board Engineer. Where the algebraic difference between two (2) intersecting longitudinal profile grades exceeds one (1), vertical (parabolic) curves must be provided at such grade intersections. The location of all such vertical curves and complete curve data must be shown on the proposed road profile. All vertical curves shall be of sufficient length to provide a smooth transition and proper sight distance in accordance with the most current standards of the American Association of State Highway and Transportation Officials (AASHTO) and as approved by the Planning Board Engineer.
G. 
Street intersections shall be as nearly at right angles as is possible and in no case shall be less than sixty degrees (60º). The block corners at intersections shall be rounded at the curbline with a curve having a radius of not less than twenty (20) feet. Any intersection of other than ninety degrees (90º) may be treated as an exception to the above and special requirements may be imposed.
H. 
Street jogs with center-line offsets of less than one hundred twenty-five (125) feet shall be prohibited.
I. 
A tangent of at least one hundred (100) feet long shall be introduced between reverse curves on arterial, collector, local and marginal access streets. When connecting street lines deflect from each other at any one (1) point, they shall be connected by a curve with a radius of not less than one hundred (100) feet for minor streets and three hundred (300) feet for arterial and collector streets, radii to be measured from the center of streets.
J. 
Street right-of-way lines shall be smooth and continuous. Bulges in the right-of-way, bubbles, half-circles and similar irregularities are prohibited.
K. 
Roadway cross slopes shall be such that a uniform cross slope producing a curb reveal of six (6) inches from top of curb to finished pavement is obtained.
[Amended 12-18-1980 by Ord. No. 32-80]
L. 
All streets or roads which are designed to become part of the street or road system of the Township of Lacey and environs, as shown on the preliminary and final plans, shall be coterminous with adjoining links to said system. Dead-end streets (culs-de-sac) shall be avoided wherever possible. If their use is unavoidable, all such streets and roads serving several otherwise isolated lots, where necessary in the opinion of the Planning Board engineer and the Planning Board, shall have a circular turning space at the end with a minimum radius of fifty (50) feet at the curbline; the overall minimum radius of the right-of-way shall be sixty (60) feet. Dead-end streets shall not be longer than eight hundred (800) feet. If a dead-end street is of a temporary nature, a similar turnaround shall be provided and provisions made for future extension of the street and reversion of the excess right-of-way to the adjoining properties. The length of a temporary cul-de-sac shall be determined by the Board.
[Amended 12-18-1980 by Ord. No. 32-80]
M. 
No street shall have a name which will duplicate or so nearly duplicate as to be confused with the names of existing streets. The continuation of an existing street shall have the same name.
N. 
Prior to the construction of the final paving, the developer shall have installed all underground utility mains and services. The services-mentioned shall consist of the installation of connections from the main to a point on the property side of the curb.
O. 
Such design features as multilegged intersections with more than four (4) legs, acute angle, V-type intersections and jog intersections are prohibited.
P. 
Continuous through local streets extending from one major street to another should be avoided.
Q. 
Four-legged intersections should be used infrequently. Type intersections should be used more frequently.
R. 
Curbs.
[Amended 12-18-1980 by Ord. No. 32-80]
(1) 
Curbs shall conform to the standard detail configuration of the New Jersey Department of Transportation for six by eight by eighteen (6 x 8 x 18) inches and shall be of Portland-cement concrete and shall conform to the requirements of the Standard Specifications for Road and Bridge Construction — 1961, as amended by the latest addenda.
(2) 
Combination curb and gutter may be permitted by the Planning Board upon specific application.
(3) 
Alternate curb types may be permitted upon application to the Planning Board. The applicant shall submit for review by the Planning Board Engineer typical section details and specifications of the proposed alternate curb type.
(4) 
The use of continuous form or machine-laid slip-formed curb shall be permitted upon application to the Planning Board. The applicant shall provide for review by the Planning Board Engineer typical section details, specifications and specific details as to the construction methods and equipment to be employed.
S. 
Sidewalk and drive aprons shall be required for all major subdivisions and developments unless specifically waived by the Planning Board. Sidewalk widths shall be as specified in Subsection D(1) of this section and shall be four (4) inches thick, except in areas of driveway crossings, where the thickness shall be six (6) inches. The concrete apron shall be six (6) inches thick, Class A concrete.
[Amended 12-18-1980 by Ord. No. 32-80]
T. 
Road pavement. All streets shall be constructed as follows:
(1) 
All materials, equipment and methods of construction shall conform to the Standard Specifications for Road and Bridge construction of the New Jersey Department of Transportation-1961, as amended by the most recent addenda or as otherwise directed by the Engineer. Each stage of the construction must be approved by the Engineer prior to commencing the next stage. The Engineer shall be notified at least one (1) working day prior to the start of any stage.
[Amended 12-18-1980 by Ord. No. 32-80]
(2) 
Subgrade. The subgrade shall be in a proper, finished condition conforming to the proper line and grade and free of any soft spots or other deficiencies. The subgrade shall be tested by running a roller, of a weight at least equal to that to be used in the paving operation, over the entire subgrade. If the deformation of the subgrade is excessive in the opinion of the Engineer, the subgrade must be stabilized in a manner satisfactory to the Engineer.
(3) 
Gravel base course. The gravel base course shall be minimum six-inch thickness, Type 2, Class B, and conform to the current New Jersey State Highway Department Standards Specifications for Road and Bridge Construction. There shall also be an asphaltic oil prime coat applied to the gravel base course prior to the construction of the bituminous stabilized base course.
(4) 
Subbase. Where subbase conditions of proposed streets are wet, spongy or of such a nature that surfacing would be inadvisable without first treating the subbase, the treatment of subbases shall be made in the following manner: The street shall be excavated to a depth that shall be a minimum of twelve (12) inches below the proposed finished grade. Where required by the Township Engineer, a system of porous concrete pipe subsurface drains shall be constructed beneath the surface of the road and connected to a suitable drain. After this subbase material has been properly placed and compacted, the street surfacing material, as described, shall be spread thereon.
(5) 
Pavement.
[Amended 12-18-1980 by Ord. No. 32-80]
(a) 
A bituminous concrete pavement shall be constructed in two (2) courses as follows and in accordance with the most current Standard Specifications for Road and Bridge Construction of the New Jersey State Highway Department — 1961, as amended by the latest addenda or as otherwise directed by the Engineer.
[1] 
For major collector streets.
[a] 
Surface course: hot-mixed bituminous concrete Type FABC-1 modified mix No. 5, one and one-half (1 1/2) inches compacted thickness on:
[b] 
Base course: hot-mixed bituminous stabilized base, gravel mix, three (3) inches compacted thickness.
[2] 
For minor collector streets.
[a] 
Surface course: hot-mixed bituminous concrete Type FABC-1, modified mix No. 5, one and one-half (1 1/2) inches compacted thickness on:
[b] 
Base course: hot-mixed bituminous stabilized base, gravel mix, two (2) inches compacted thickness.
[3] 
For local through streets.
[a] 
Surface course: hot-mixed bituminous concrete Type FABC-1, modified mix No. 5, one and one-half (1 1/2) inches compacted thickness on:
[b] 
Base course: hot-mixed bituminous stabilized base course, gravel mix, one and one-half (1 1/2) inches compacted thickness.
[4] 
For local residential (non-through) streets (or on specific certain cases involving major subdivisions approved prior to 1971).
[a] 
Surface course: hot-mixed bituminous surface course, Type FABC-1, modified mix No. 5, two (2) inches compacted thickness on:
[b] 
Base course: soil aggregate (gravel) Type 2, Class A or B, six (6) inches compacted thickness conforming to the requirements of § 297-36S(3) herein.
[c] 
Construction of the top or surface course of the pavement shall be held in abeyance for at least one (1) year from the time of construction of the base course. However, temporary paving shall be placed around all manholes, valve boxes, inlets, etc., immediately after construction of the base course. Prior to laying the top or surface course, an inspection by the Township Engineer shall be necessary to determine repairs required (i.e. potholes, defects, etc.).
(b) 
All major subdivisions and developments for which approval was obtained under a prior ordinance shall conform to the pavement thicknesses and materials as required by the ordinance in effect at the time of approval of the major subdivision or development or as shown on the approved final construction plans. Should the developer wish to amend the approved final construction plans to permit the use of a pavement design conforming to current standards, an amended preliminary and final plat application amending the pavement design must be submitted to the Planning Board, and approval for such changes will be on an individual case basis as per the recommendation of the Planning Board Engineer.
(6) 
Test cores. If, in the opinion of the Township Engineer, the thickness and/or composition of any road construction is doubtful, the Engineer shall instruct the developer to supply cores, then under the supervision of the Township Engineer, for analysis and evaluation. Failure to notify the Township Engineer's office at least twenty-four (24) hours prior to any phase of road construction shall be considered cause for the Township Engineer to require the developer to supply material cores as specified above.
A. 
Block length and width or acreage within bounding roads shall be such as to accommodate the size of lot required in the area by Chapter 335, Zoning, and to provide for convenient access, circulation control and safety of street traffic, but in no case shall be less than four hundred (400) feet nor more than one thousand two hundred (1,200) feet in length, except where unusual conditions make these dimensions impossible.
B. 
Pedestrian crosswalks shall be required in locations deemed necessary by the Planning Board in order to provide access to schools, recreation areas, shopping facilities, transportation facilities, churches and other community facilities. Such walkway or right-of-way shall be at least fifteen (15) feet wide and be straight from street to street and contain a four-foot-wide sidewalk, but no planting of shrubs or trees or building of fences or other obstructions shall be permitted on such fifteen-foot walkway. Such walkway shall provide a visual connection from street to street.
C. 
For commercial, group housing or industrial use, block size shall be sufficient to meet all area and yard requirements for such use.
A. 
Lot dimensions, frontage and area shall not be less than the requirements of Chapter 335, Zoning, shall be appropriate to the topography and natural character of the land being subdivided and shall be appropriate to the type of development and use contemplated. Lot frontage shall be determined at the property line.
B. 
Insofar as is practical, side lot lines shall be at right angles to straight street lines and radial to curved street lines. Each lot must front upon an approved street at least fifty (50) feet in width, except lots fronting on streets described in § 297-36D(1) of this Article.
C. 
Where extra width has been dedicated for widening of existing streets, lots shall begin at such new street line and all setbacks shall be measured from such line.
D. 
Where there is a question as to the suitability of a lot or lots for their intended use due to factors such as rock formations, topography, internal drainage, flood conditions or similar circumstances, the Planning Board may, after adequate investigation, withhold approval of such lots. The Planning Board shall require certification by a professional engineer, substantiated with soil borings, that the soil has sufficient bearing capacity for building foundations.
E. 
Acreage must be subdivided in accordance with Chapter 335, Zoning, of the Township of Lacey.
F. 
Corner lots for residential use shall have additional width in order to accommodate the requirements of Chapter 335, Zoning, of the Code of the Township of Lacey for front yard setbacks on both streets.
G. 
Excessive conformity and excessive nonconformity in building setback lines shall be avoided.
H. 
The Planning Board shall not approve any subdivision which permits more than one (1) principal residential use on any one (1) lot, except in cases where multiple-family structures are permitted by ordinance.
A. 
In large-scale developments, easements along side or rear property lines or elsewhere for utility installation and maintenance or for access to a public use area or facility may be required. Such easements shall be at least twenty (20) feet wide and located in consultation with the companies or municipal departments concerned, but no planting of shrubs or trees or building of fences or other obstructions shall be permitted on such twenty-foot easement. All such easements must meet with the approval of the Planning Board engineer.
B. 
Where a subdivision is traversed by a watercourse, drainageway, channel or stream, there shall be provided a stormwater easement or drainage right-of-way conforming substantially with the lines of such watercourse, and such further width or construction, or both, as will be adequate for the purpose and shall conform to comprehensive plans for these facilities in the Township, if such exist or should hereafter be adopted.
C. 
Natural features such as trees, brooks, hilltops and views shall be preserved whenever possible in designing any subdivision containing such features. They shall be modified only insofar as necessary to provide protective drainage and water-runoff slopes away from all sides of all buildings. Due consideration shall be given to the laying out of adequate parks and playgrounds in residential areas for dedication to the Township or reservation for common use of the public by deed, covenants or agreements which are approved by the Planning Board. Areas for parks and playgrounds shall be of reasonable size for neighborhood recreational use and shall be conveniently located.
A. 
When a natural waterway traverses or borders the tract for which approval is being sought, § 297-41 of this chapter must be complied with. When the New Jersey State Water Policy Commission determines that the Board shall make the review, the following shall be required:
(1) 
Design shall be based on the rational method.
(2) 
A fifteen-year storm shall be used to compute the capacity of the section.
(3) 
A minimum runoff coefficient of thirty-hundredths (0.30) shall be used for residential and rural areas.
(4) 
The side slopes shall not be steeper than three (3) feet horizontally to one (1) foot vertically and shall be stabilized with topsoil in accordance with § 297-44.
(5) 
All calculations shall be submitted to the Board Engineer.
(6) 
An easement shall be provided sufficient in width to contain the watercourse, and of such further width as will be adequate for the purpose of construction and maintenance.
B. 
Land subject to flooding, land determined to be uninhabitable and land required for floodplain control, all as determined by the Planning Board, shall not be platted.
A. 
The determination of sizes of pipe and box culverts must be based upon hydraulic calculations, copies of which shall be submitted to the Planning Board Engineer as part of the preliminary plat submission. Complete runoff calculations shall be provided as part of the preliminary plat submission for all major subdivisions and shall be on the following criteria:
[Amended 12-18-1980 by Ord. No. 32-80]
(1) 
For watershed areas of less than two hundred fifty (250) acres, the rational method shall be used. The following coefficients of runoff shall be used:
Surface
Coefficient C
Grass
0.30
Wooded areas
0.35
Walks, stoned and graveled areas
0.85
Pavements, roadways and shoulders
0.95
(2) 
Runoff calculations shall be based on a ten-year design frequency storm using the Atlantic City Rainfall Intensity-Duration Curve. The duration of a storm used in computing the stormwater runoff from a major subdivision shall be the time of concentration which is the time required for rainfall falling at the most remote point in the drainage area to reach the point of discharge into the storm drainage system under consideration. Under certain situations, the Planning Board Engineer may require that the design storm used as the basis for runoff calculations be greater than a ten-year storm.
(3) 
For watershed areas greater than two hundred fifty (250) acres, the method employed in determining stormwater runoff from the development shall be as outlined: TP-55, Urban Hydrology for Small Watersheds, and TP-149, A Method for Estimating Volume and Rate of Runoff in Small Watersheds.
(4) 
Within the Pinelands Area, volume and rate calculations shall be determined for a fifty-year storm of a twenty-four-hour duration as calculated in accordance with the United States Soil Conservation Service Technical Release No. 55 of the Soil Conservation Service National Engineering Handbook, Subsection 4.
[Added 2-14-1991 by Ord. No. 5-91]
B. 
Storm drainage systems shall be designed to carry all stormwater runoff coming to or accumulating on the street and shall have sufficient capacity to carry that volume of stormwater runoff which it is expected to receive based on the storm runoff volume as computed above. In general, self-cleaning grades shall be designed for all pipes so that a minimum velocity of two (2) feet per second will be obtained when the pipe is flowing one-fourth (1/4) full. Complete hydraulic calculations sizing the storm drainage system piping and structures shall be submitted to the Planning Board Engineer as part of the preliminary plat submission.
[Amended 12-18-1980 by Ord. No. 32-80]
(1) 
The pipe sizes to be used in a storm drainage system shall be of sufficient capacity to carry the volume of stormwater runoff directed to it, as computed in accordance with the methods outlined in § 297-41A herein, with the pipe flowing one-fourth (1/4) full, in open channel, free flow. Pipes of less than fifteen (15) inches in diameter will not be permitted. All storm drainage pipes running under streets shall be one (1) size larger than the minimum pipe size required for the runoff volume which it must carry. Under unusual and extreme conditions and upon specific application to and approval by the Planning Board Engineer, pressure-flow storm sewers may be permitted.
(2) 
Inlets shall be located at all intersections and located in streets with inlets on both sides of the street at intervals of not more than four hundred (400) feet or such shorter distances as required to prevent the flow of surface water from exceeding four and five-tenths (4.5) cubic feet per second at a New Jersey Standard Type B inlet. Access manholes shall be placed at maximum five-hundred-foot intervals throughout the system and at pipe junctions where there are no inlets.
C. 
The minimum pipe size shall be fifteen (15) inches and shall only be used for storm drain runs of fifty (50) feet or less in length. Inlets shall be spaced so that the run of water in gutters does not exceed one thousand (1,000) feet or one (1) block. Manholes or inlets shall be placed wherever a change in grade or alignment of a storm drain occurs, but in any case not more than two hundred fifty (250) feet apart. Where the pipe sizes are increased, the invert of the larger pipe shall be dropped so the tops of the pipes will be at the same elevation. In general, all storm sewers shall have a minimum cover of two (2) feet. Outlet pipes shall extend to the edge of existing streams and must have a concrete headwall on the end of all pipes.
D. 
Headwalls shall be of concrete (Class D); they shall be at least four (4) pipe diameters long and must have the foundation at least thirty (30) inches below final grade. They must have a return into the stream bed at least eighteen (18) inches deep on the upstream and outside edges. They must have a splash block the length of the headwall and be at least one and one-half (1 1/2) pipe diameters wide.
E. 
If underdrains and/or subbase drains are required, they shall conform to 5.1 of the standard specifications. In no case shall a drainpipe be placed within two (2) feet horizontally of any sanitary sewer installation when running parallel with it.
F. 
Retention and detention facilities.
[Amended 12-18-1980 by Ord. No. 32-80]
(1) 
All detention or retention facilities shall conform to the requirements of the New Jersey Department of Environmental Protection, Bureau of Water Resources; Soil Conservation Service, United States Department of Agriculture; and as directed by the Planning Board or Engineer. Complete design details, hydraulic and hydrologic calculations, including inflow/outfall, an assessment as to the impacts to any lands downstream from the detention or retention basin discharge and all other information as required by the Planning Board Engineer shall be provided.
(2) 
For tributary areas of less than fifty (50) acres, the detention facility shall be designed to accept the stormwater runoff volume from a fifty-year storm with a twenty-four-hour duration. For tributary areas greater than fifty (50) acres, the facility shall be designed to accept the stormwater runoff volume of a one-hundred-year storm of a twenty-four-hour duration.
G. 
Manholes and inlets shall conform to 5.3 of the standard specifications.
H. 
Within the Pinelands Area, the total runoff generated from any net increase in impervious surfaces by a ten-year storm of a twenty-four-hour duration shall be retained and infiltrated on-site. The rates of runoff generated from the parcel by a two-year, ten-year and one-hundred-year storm, each of a twenty-four-hour duration, shall not increase as a result of the proposed development. Runoff volumes and rates shall be calculated in accordance with the United States Soil Conservation Service Technical Release No. 55 or the S.C.S. National Engineering Handbook, Section 4.
[Added 2-14-1991 by Ord. No. 5-91; amended 3-27-1997 by Ord. No. 97-12]
[Amended 12-18-1980 by Ord. No. 32-80]
All boundary monuments as required by the New Jersey Map Filing Act, Chapter 358 of the Laws of 1953,[1] shall be set and shall be of concrete or hard durable material at least thirty (30) inches long. The top and bottom shall be a minimum of five (5) inches square.
[1]
Editor's Note: See N.J.S.A. 46:23-9.9 et seq..
Street signs shall be of a type as approved by the Township Engineer. They shall be placed in a foundation of concrete (Class D) which shall be a minimum of three (3) feet deep by one (1) foot square, with the vertical member of the sign being embedded for the full depth. The head of the sign shall be so secured by welding or bolting as to ensure refusal to turning under normal conditions and shall be mounted at a minimum height of ten (10) feet.
[Amended 12-18-1980 by Ord. No. 32-80]
All topsoil, fertilizer, seed, sod, mulch and placement thereof shall also conform to the most current requirements of the Ocean County Soil Conservation District.
A. 
Certification. The subdivider shall require the manufacturer or supplier to furnish two (2) copies of certification of compliance with each delivery of materials, components and manufactured items that are to be used to construct or install any of the items required by § 297-9. One (1) copy shall be furnished the Municipal Engineer and one (1) copy shall be retained by the subdivider.
B. 
Testing.
(1) 
The subdivider shall, prior to the installation of any bituminous surface cover, have the thickness of the base course tested for compliance with the requirements. The Municipal Engineer or his representative shall indicate the locations and shall measure the thickness. If the base course is determined to be inadequate, additional base material shall be added to bring the base course to the prescribed thickness.
(2) 
The subdivider shall have bituminous surface course tested for compliance with the thickness requirements by coring. The Municipal Engineer or his representative shall indicate the locations for the test borings and shall measure the thickness thereof. If the surface course is determined to be inadequate, an additional course of bituminous material shall be applied to bring the surface course to the prescribed thickness. Where an additional course of bituminous material is required, the Municipal Engineer shall determine if a tack coat of bituminous material is required prior to the additional thickness being applied.
All utilities shall be placed underground unless the Planning Board shall determine that such installation is deemed impractical.
All surface streetlighting consisting of ornamental aluminum light standards shall be placed approximately 200 feet apart.
[Amended 2-14-1991 by Ord. No. 5-91; 3-27-1997 by Ord. No. 97-12; 9-12-2013 by Ord. No. 2013-25]
Shade trees shall be planted in all major subdivisions and major site plans and shall be located on the street line in a manner not to interfere with utilities, sidewalks or sight triangles. A plan showing location and type of all proposed shade trees shall be submitted to the Planning Board before final approval.
A. 
Tree wells suitable for planting and maintenance of shade trees shall be established along both sides of each new street, and along the frontage of all site plans. The tree wells shall be not less than four feet in width. "Tree well" is defined, for the purposes of this chapter, as an area of the street in which trees shall be planted and maintained for street shade or decoration, or both.
B. 
The developer shall plant shade trees in said tree wells along all public and private roads at spacings from a minimum of 30 feet to a maximum of 50 feet apart. Species noted as small or compact in this section shall be planted with a maximum spacing of 40 feet. On sites where visual access is demonstrably encumbered, but is commercially desireable, the required number of trees may be distributed in a clustered fashion with spacings varying from the above.
C. 
All shade trees to be planted shall conform to The American Standard for Nursery Stock, latest edition, as published by the American Nursery and Landscape Association, for quality, size form and root-ball specifications. All shade trees shall be single-trunked, and be tagged at the nursery for their species, variety and size gradation, and shall remain tagged until inspected by the Township at the planting.
D. 
Shade trees shall preferably be planted in a dormant state. Exceptions may be granted upon receiving approval from the Township; however, performance guarantees for such plantings shall be extended for an additional growing season. Impaired growth of trees planted any time other than dormancy shall be grounds for rejection of the tree by the Township, at any time guarantees remain in place.
E. 
The plan for shade trees to be submitted to the Planning Board shall depict typical means of planting trees in planting pits within the tree wells. The planting pit shall be no less than 18 inches wider in all directions than the root ball. It shall not be deeper than the root ball, except in the event of impeded drainage or compacted soil conditions. Trees shall be set so that the root flare is visible above final grade, and such that the tree bears the same relationship to the ground elevation as it had at the growing nursery. The planting pit shall be backfilled with topsoil from the site, except as otherwise permitted by the Planning Board. No chemical fertilizer shall be added for the first year after planting.
F. 
Provision for watering all shade trees shall be made through the first two full growing seasons, to ensure proper establishment. Specification for the method of providing water shall be stated on the plan. The use of permanent irrigation systems is encouraged for greater growth rates and longevity.
G. 
In areas of land requiring more than five shade trees, more than one species shall be selected to be planted, in order to prevent plant disease. It is preferable that the trees be planted in small groupings of a given species rather than in an alternating pattern of single individuals of each species, for aesthetic reasons.
H. 
Initial, replacement or subsequent plantings shall conform to the type shown on the approved plans. If deviation is anticipated, it shall be done only with advance written request specifying the requested change and only upon approval by the Planning Board.
I. 
Species selection.
(1) 
The developer shall consider the space available for the tree and the species's typical growth habit and rate, and shall not plant large scale or spreading-canopied trees where overhead and underground utilities or other structures are likely to create spatial conflict with the species chose. In places where space is available, larger trees are generally preferred over smaller-growing species.
(2) 
Anticipated post-development soil moisture conditions shall be examined before species selection. The ability of a particular soil to hold moisture available to plants is important, is typically related to its texture (i.e., sand, loam, etc.) and shall be considered in selection. The hydrologic position of each planting site shall be considered. Water availability may be from groundwater and may fluctuate greatly by season; this water may be fresh, or somewhat saline if hydrologically connected to estuarine waters. Bay water can be more saline than ocean water. Tree species are noted in this section for their particular moisture tolerances.
(3) 
The varied salt-tolerance of trees species shall be considered in species selection. Salt which is generally detrimental to trees can be from airborne sources, if near Barnegat Bay and estuaries, and can also be from the ground or groundwater, or both. Species are noted with relative tolerance of both, except as otherwise noted. Tree species not noted in this section are not tolerant of salt.
(4) 
In all areas, shade trees shall be selected from the following lists in this section. Trees native to Ocean County, New Jersey, are preferred over others for their special adaptations in local soil, climate and other conditions.
(5) 
The developer may request a waiver from the species listed, provided that specific reasons for the variation from the species are given, and such reasons are found to be justifiably acceptable to the Township.
(6) 
All tree species noted in this section are broad-leaved, deciduous trees, except as otherwise noted. All notations of any cultivar or variety are for informational purposes and shall not limit the cultivars or varieties proposed by the developer.
(7) 
In areas of anticipated seasonally, statically or tidally high water tables, typically adjacent to waterways, bays, lagoons or wetlands, the following trees are recommended:
(a) 
Red Maple (Acer rubrum): limited tolerance of salt in soil; numerous cultivars and varieties exist which have varied growth habits to suit various sized planting locations, somewhat flood tolerant.
(b) 
Serviceberry (Amelanchler Canadensis): salt tolerant, small-scale tree, conspicuous flowers, brilliant fall color.
(c) 
Common Hackberry (Celtis occidentalis) and Hybrid Hackberry (Celtis occidentalis x laevigata, such as variety Celtis x "Magnifica"): limited tolerance of airborne salt, tolerant of salt in soil, flood tolerant.
(d) 
Seedless Sweet Gum (Liquidambar styraciflua "Rotundiloba" or other sterile variety only): rapid growing in youth, salt intolerant, flood tolerant; varieties which produce fruit (seed) shall be prohibited.
(e) 
Southern Magnolia (Magnolia grandiflora): large growing, showy, fragrant flowers, broadleaved evergreen, messy growth habit, inadvisable where it will overhang sidewalks, limited salt tolerance; use cold-hardiest varieties such as "Bracken's Brown Beauty," "Edit Bogue" or others.
(f) 
Black Gum (Nyssa sylvatica): some salt tolerance, limited flooding tolerance, brilliant fall color.
(g) 
Swamp White Oak (Quercus bicolor): some salt tolerance.
(h) 
Willow Oak (Quercus phelios): large growing, salt tolerant.
(i) 
Bald Cypress (Taxodium distichum): rapid and large growing, deciduous conifer, flood tolerant, useful in some relatively narrow locations: pedestrian access at all stages of growth shall be considered; cultivars such as "Shawnee Brave," "Monarch of Illinois" and others can predictively control the dimensions of this somewhat variable species.
(8) 
In areas of upland, not subject to anticipate seasonally, statically or tidally high water tables, the following trees are recommended:
(a) 
Red Maple (Acer rubrum): limited drought tolerance, limited tolerance of salt in soil; numerous cultivars and varieties exist which have varied growth habits to suit various sized planting locations; somewhat flood tolerant.
(b) 
Serviceberry (Amelanchler Canadensis; varieties "Autumn Sunset," "White Pillar," "Cumulus" and others are adapted as single-trunked trees): salt tolerant, compact flowering tree, brilliant fall color.
(c) 
Common Hackberry (Celtis occidentalis) and Hybrid Hackberry (Celtis occidentalis x laevigata, such as variety Celtis x "Magnifica": highly drought tolerant, tolerant of salt in soil, slightly tolerant of airborne salt.
(d) 
Thornless Cockspur Hawthorn (Crataegus crus-galli "Inermis" or other thornless type): very drought tolerant after establishment, conspicuous flowers and fruit, somewhat compact tree.
(e) 
Eastern Redcedar (Juniperus virginiana): needled evergreen to be planted at 12 feet to 14 feet in height, very salt tolerant, very drought tolerant after establishment, useful in some relatively narrow locations; pedestrian access at all stages of growth shall be considered; use of cultivars such as "Emerald Sentinel," "Manhattan Blue" and others can predicatively control the dimensions of this very variable species.
(f) 
American Hophombeam (Ostrya virginiana): useful in relatively narrow locations, very drought tolerant after establishment.
(g) 
White Oak (Quercus alba): large, slow growing, tolerant of salt in soil, somewhat tolerant of airborne salt, drought tolerant after establishment.
(h) 
Swamp White Oak (Quercus bicolor): limited salt tolerance, some drought tolerance after establishment.
(i) 
Scarlet Oak (Quercus coccinea): large growing, very drought tolerant after establishment, brilliant fall color.
(j) 
Red Oak (Quercus rubra [Q. borealis]): somewhat tolerant of salt in soil, somewhat drought tolerant after establishment, the State Tree of New Jersey.
(k) 
Willow Oak (Quercus phellos): large growing, salt tolerant, some drought tolerance after establishment.
(l) 
Bald Cypress (Taxodium distichum): rapid and large growing, deciduous conifer, drought tolerant after establishment.
(9) 
Where native trees are not desired for design reasons, the following tree is permissible:
(a) 
Japanese Zelkova (Zelkova serrata including cultivars such as "Musachino" [upright], "Village Green," "Green Vase" and others): formal appearance, highly urban tolerant; use of cultivars predicatively controls size, but seedling-grown trees tend to have superior fall color.
J. 
All tree species and varieties which have been deemed to be invasive by the United States Department of Agriculture, the State of New Jersey, or applicable regional or local jurisdictional authority shall be prohibited from being planted as a shade tree in the Township.
K. 
Each developer shall present with their map, when approval of map is requested, a written and signed statement of the number and kinds of trees to be planted, which statement shall be dated, addressed to the Township of Lacey and signed by the developer or developer's duly authorized agent. All Township officials shall require that all guarantees given the municipality by developers include an item for the fair cost of such trees and their planting in each particular development.
L. 
In the maintenance bond required by the municipality, provision shall be made to cover the maintenance and replacement of trees within that period.
M. 
The applicant shall provide the Planning Board with a map showing the proposed location of all shade trees within the proposed subdivision.
N. 
Within the Pinelands Area, shade trees authorized in N.J.A.C. 7:50-6.23 are permitted.
O. 
At time of construction, the developer may request a field change to substitute other species, provided that specific reasons for the variation from the preferred species are given, and such reasons are found to be justifiably acceptable to the Township Engineer.
No subdivision approval, either tentative or final, shall be granted under this chapter without the written approval of the Lacey Municipal Utilities Authority[1] with regard to water supply and sewage disposal systems.
A. 
Sanitary sewer installations shall be required in all major subdivisions except those located within the Pinelands Area. Such installations shall be in accordance with the standards and specifications of the Lacey Municipal Utilities Authority and subject to its approval. All such installations shall be properly connected with an approved system, if possible, and shall be adequate to handle all present and probable future development.
[Amended 2-14-1991 by Ord. No. 5-91]
B. 
The construction of water mains, if required, shall be in accordance with the standards and specifications of the Lacey Municipal Utilities Authority and subject to its approval.
C. 
The developers or owners shall lay all sewer and water mains, connections and appurtenances in the street according to the specifications and under the inspection of the Lacey Municipal Utilities Authority.
D. 
Developers and owners shall make all house connections within the street limits from the curb to the main, including the Y-branches, and provide each house connection with a vent at the curb.
E. 
All expenses are to be paid by developers or owners, including plans, specifications and inspection of the construction.
F. 
The Lacey Municipal Utilities Authority is to receive a deed for all rights and title to and interest in the collection system lines, water mains and culverts.
G. 
Sewer mains in the street may be of a greater diameter than necessary to serve the project, in which case increased costs are to be paid by developers situate the further distance from the treatment plant than the previous development; said additional costs are to be deposited with the Township in cash.
H. 
The developer or owner is to pay for all construction, including replacement of roadway pavement materials similar to present composition.
I. 
Each home owner shall apply an annual sewer rental as established by the Lacey Municipal Utilities Authority.
J. 
A sewer connection charge is to be paid to the Lacey Municipal Utilities Authority for each connection.
K. 
All of the above-listed improvements shall be subject to inspection and approval by the Lacey Municipal Utilities Authority. No underground installation shall be covered until inspected and approved.
L. 
All major subdivisions not required to hook up to the Lacey Municipal Utilities Authority sewer system shall be required to furnish proof of acceptance and approval from the Lacey Township Board of Health and the appropriate county and state agencies of an adequate sanitary sewer system or individual sewage disposal system.
M. 
No sanitary sewer plant or collection system shall be installed without first acquiring approval from the appropriate county and state agencies.
[1]
Editor's Note: See Ch. 73, Municipal Utilities Authority.
[Amended 12-18-1980 by Ord. No. 32-80]
Prior to beginning any excavation or land clearance operation involving any major subdivision within the limits of the Township of Lacey, the developer shall effect a rat control program. All rat control programs shall be carried out by a New Jersey licensed pest control operator whose experience and qualifications meet with the approval of the Township Health Officer.