Township of East Goshen, PA
Chester County
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Table of Contents
Table of Contents
Sign regulations applicable to all districts.
A. 
Scope and applicability.
(1) 
Permit required. A zoning permit shall be required for all signs allowed in any zoning district except for signs listed in Subsections H, I and J. All signs shall comply with the regulations of this chapter.
(2) 
Special permit required. A special permit(s), not to exceed 30 days in any calendar year for all special permits, may be issued for promotional devices, floodlights, flags, banners or other attention getting devices for special occasions for new or existing businesses in any commercial or industrial district.
(3) 
Temporary permit required. A temporary zoning permit will be required for any sign erected and maintained by a developer on a tract of ground. Permits will be valid for six months but may be renewed by the Zoning Officer. Such sign shall not exceed 32 square feet in area.
B. 
Nonconforming signs.
(1) 
Signs legally existing at the time of enactment of this chapter and which do not conform to the requirements of this chapter shall be considered nonconforming signs. Any nonconforming sign which is damaged in excess of 25% of its cost of replacement or is removed shall be replaced only with a conforming sign. Legal nonconforming signs may be repainted or repaired (including lighting), provided that such repainted or repaired sign does not exceed the dimensions of the existing sign. Wording may also be changed.
(2) 
Signs advertising a use no longer in existence shall be removed or changed to advertise the new use within 30 days of the cessation of the original use. Signs once removed shall be replaced only by signs in conformance with this chapter.
(3) 
It is the responsibility of the owner of a sign to provide evidence that a sign is lawfully nonconforming and to register such sign with the Zoning Officer.
C. 
Construction of signs. Every sign permitted in this section must be constructed of durable materials and must be kept in good condition and repair. Any sign which is allowed to become dilapidated may be repaired or removed by the Township at the expense of the owner or lessee of the property on which it is located upon written notice to both tenant and landlord.
D. 
Abandoned signs. No person shall maintain or permit to be maintained on any premises owned or controlled by him a sign which has been abandoned.
(1) 
An abandoned sign for the purpose of this chapter is a sign located on and/or related to the use of a property which becomes vacant and unoccupied for a period of six months or more; any sign which was erected for an occupant or business unrelated to the present occupant in business; or any sign which relates to a time, event or purpose which is past.
(2) 
Any such abandoned sign shall be abated by the owner or person controlling the property within 30 days of the date of abandonment as herein defined.
E. 
Location of signs. The location for signs shall be governed by the following location requirements:
(1) 
No sign except official signs, name plate signs, bus shelter signs, public service signs (such as telephone) and directional signs shall be erected within or project over a street right-of-way.
(2) 
No sign shall be so located or arranged that it interferes with the sight distance requirements of § 240-23D(11).
(3) 
No signs except official signs, political signs, public service signs, bus shelter signs or off-premises signs permitted by Subsection P shall be erected on a property to which it does not relate.
(4) 
No sign except removable political signs and temporary yard or garage sale signs shall be placed on any tree, official sign, rocks or other natural features.
(5) 
All signs erected in any zoning district, except C-1, shall comply with the side yard requirements for the district. A freestanding sign, other than an off-premises sign, may be erected one foot from the side property line in the C-1 Commercial District.
[Amended 9-4-2012 by Ord. No. 129-F-2012]
F. 
Illuminated signs.
(1) 
The lighting of signs shall be arranged so that a bare light bulb, spotlight bulb or fluorescent bulb is not visible off the lot. Any lighting of signs shall be the minimum necessary to make the sign visible from a distance of 500 feet.
(2) 
No sign in any residential zoning district established in § 240-5 of this chapter shall be indirectly and/or internally illuminated unless specifically permitted by another provision of this chapter.
[Amended 11-16-1999 by Ord. No. 129-J-99]
(3) 
See also § 240-24H regarding light and glare control.
G. 
Vehicle signs. Any vehicle or structure to which a sign is affixed in such a manner that the carrying of such sign or signs no longer is incidental to the primary purpose of the vehicle or structure but becomes a primary purpose in itself shall be considered a freestanding sign and as such be subject to the provisions regarding freestanding signs in the district in which such vehicle or structure is located. All vehicles associated with a commercial establishment shall be parked in a location that precludes the vehicle from being used as a freestanding sign.
H. 
Menu boards, bills of fare or price lists.
[Amended 7-7-2015 by Ord. No. 129-F-2015]
(1) 
Notwithstanding anything in this chapter to the contrary, menu boards for restaurants shall be permitted, provided that all of the following conditions are met:
(a) 
The menu board is three square feet or less in area;
(b) 
The letters and numbers on the menu board are a maximum of three inches in height; and
(c) 
The sign is located on the building next to the entrance of the establishment or in the window next to the entrance to the establishment.
(2) 
Notwithstanding anything to the contrary in this chapter, menu boards associated with a beverage cafe with drive-through service in a shopping center permitted pursuant to § 240-15C(9) shall be permitted, provided that all of the following conditions are met:
(a) 
The menu board shall not exceed eight feet in height, including the base, as measured from the elevation of the vehicle drive-through;
(b) 
The menu board shall not exceed 50 square feet in area;
(c) 
If the menu board is illuminated, it shall only be internally illuminated and may only be illuminated during normal business hours;
(d) 
The menu board shall be located so as not to obstruct traffic or sight lines of vehicles in a shopping center; and
(e) 
Landscaping shall be planted to minimize the visibility of the menu board from any public street.
I. 
Temporary signs. The following signs are permitted and do not require a zoning permit, provided that they are removed in the time specified and conform to the sign requirements of this section. Any such sign that does not meet the requirements of this section shall only be permitted if it meets the provisions for another type of permitted sign.
(1) 
Yard or garage sale signs, provided that they do not exceed four square feet in area and are removed within 48 hours after sale, and provided that a maximum of three such signs are posted.
(2) 
Signs giving notice of the sale or rental of the property on which the sign is located, provided that such sign does not exceed eight square feet in area in the R-1 (PRD Residential Area), R-2, R-3, R-4 and R-5 Zoning Districts, and 20 square feet in area in the R-1 (PRD Commercial Area), C-1, C-2, C-4, C-5, I-1, I-2 and BP Zoning Districts, and are removed within 72 hours upon settlement of the sale or upon signing of the lease of rental. Open house directional signs with a maximum size of two square feet may be installed two hours prior to the open house and must be removed immediately following the event.
[Amended 5-7-2002 by Ord. No. 129-L-02; 9-25-2012 by Ord. No. 129-G-2012]
(3) 
Political signs, provided that each does not exceed eight square feet in area and are removed within seven days after the date of the election or referendum.
(4) 
Signs erected by a United States Internal Revenue Service recognized nonprofit or charitable entity recognized by the Zoning Officer denoting a special event, provided that they are erected no more than 15 days before the event and removed within seven days after the event and do not exceed 32 square feet in sign area.
(5) 
Noncommercial signs and decorations for an official or religious holiday, provided that they do not create traffic or fire hazards and are removed within seven days following the event. Such sign shall not exceed 32 square feet.
(6) 
Signs announcing work actively being performed on the premises by contractors, mechanics, painters, artisans, etc., not to exceed eight square feet, provided that they are removed within seven days after such work is no longer actively and continuously being pursued, except such signs may be a maximum of 32 square feet if the construction cost is over $1,000,000.
(7) 
Signs advertising the temporary sale of products or goods such as Christmas trees, provided that such signs shall not exceed a total sign area on each of two sides of 12 square feet, are only posted for a maximum of 30 days and are removed within three days after the completion of sales.
J. 
Exempt signs. The following type of signs (as defined in § 240-6) are exempt from zoning permit requirements, within the following requirements:
(1) 
Official signs.
(2) 
Name plate signs not to exceed two square feet.
(3) 
Identification signs not to exceed two square feet.
(4) 
Directional signs not to exceed four square feet.
(5) 
Memorial or historic markers when approved by motion or resolution of the Board of Supervisors.
(6) 
Public service signs, such as those advertising availability of rest rooms, telephone, meeting times of service organizations or other similar public conveniences. Not to exceed two square feet.
(7) 
Temporary signs as provided in Subsection I.
(8) 
Trespassing signs or signs, indicating the private nature of a road, driveway or premise, and signs prohibiting or controlling hunting and fishing upon the premises, not to exceed two square feet.
K. 
Signs prohibited in all districts. The following signs are prohibited in all zoning districts:
(1) 
Banners, spinners, flags, pennants or any moving object used for commercial advertising purpose whether containing a message or not, except as permitted under Subsection A(2), and except banners or flags meeting the requirements for a permitted type of sign.
(2) 
Flashing, blinking, twinkling, animated or moving signs of any type, except those portions of the sign which indicate time and temperature, and except permitted under § 240-22W.
[Amended 9-4-2012 by Ord. No. 129-F-2012]
(3) 
Signs placed, inscribed or supported upon the roof or upon any structure which extends above the eave of the roof of any building.
(4) 
Signs on mobile stands which can be moved from place to place.
(5) 
Signs which emit smoke, visible vapors or particles, sound or odor.
(6) 
Signs which contain information that states or implies that a property may be used for any purpose not permitted under the provisions of this chapter in the zoning district in which the property to which the sign relates is located.
(7) 
Signs that are of such character, form, shape or color that it imitates or resembles any official traffic sign, signal or device, or that has any characteristics which are likely to confuse or distract the operator of a motor vehicle on a public street.
(8) 
Signs that outline the rooflines, doors, windows or wall edges by illuminated tubing or strings of lights for advertising purposes.
(9) 
Signs or displays visible from a street, sidewalk or another property that include words or images that are obscene, pornographic or that an average reasonable person would find highly offensive to public decency.[2]
[2]
Editor's Note: Former Subsection K(10), concerning off-premises signs, which immediately followed this subsection, was repealed 9-4-2012 by Ord. No. 129-F-2012. See now § 240-22V, Off-premises signs.
L. 
Signs and/or structures denoting the name of a subdivision.
(1) 
Signs that are freestanding or attached to walls or fences constructed of weather-resistant wood or decorative masonry designating the name of a subdivision and any accompanying logo may be erected at each entrance of a subdivision. The location of all such structures or signs shall be approved by the Township during the subdivision process and shall not contain any advertising except the name of the subdivision. A maximum of two sign faces shall be permitted, each of which shall have a maximum sign area of 50 square feet.
(2) 
The applicant shall prove that there will be a long-term system to ensure proper maintenance of the sign and any accompanying landscaping and that the sign will be durably constructed as to require minimal maintenance. The Zoning Officer shall issue a zoning permit upon the recommendation of the Planning Commission.
(3) 
These signs shall only be permitted for use in conjunction with a subdivision and shall not be permitted for use in conjunction with a land development.
L.1. 
Off-premises signs and structures denoting the uses in the I-2 District.
[Added 2-5-2002 by Ord. No. 129-G-2; amended 2-22-2005 by Ord. No. 129-A-05]
(1) 
An off-premises, directly illuminated freestanding sign may be erected at the Paoli Pike entrance to the uses. The location of such sign, the materials, the method of lighting, and the content of the sign shall be approved by the Board of Supervisors during the subdivision/land development process. The sign shall have a maximum sign area of 20 square feet and a maximum height of five feet. The Zoning Officer shall issue a zoning permit upon the recommendation of the Planning Commission and approval of the Board of Supervisors.
(2) 
The applicant shall prove by a preponderance of evidence that there will be a long-term system to ensure proper maintenance of the sign and any accompanying landscaping.
M. 
Area of signs. The following regulations shall be used in computing the area of signs:
(1) 
The area of a sign shall be construed to include all lettering, wording and accompanying designs and symbols, together with the background, whether open or enclosed, on which they are displayed, but not including any supporting framework and bracing which are incidental to the display itself.
(2) 
Where the sign consists of individual letters or symbols attached to or painted on a surface, building, wall or window, the area shall be considered to be that of the smallest rectangle or triangle, including the sign background, which encompasses all of the letters and symbols.
(3) 
In computing square foot area of a double-face sign, only one side shall be considered, provided that both faces are identical in size. If the interior angle formed by the two faces of the double-faced sign is greater than 45º, then both sides of such sign shall be considered in calculating the sign area.
(4) 
Unless otherwise specified, all square footages are maximum sizes.
N. 
Height of signs. Except for off-premises signs,* no sign shall exceed the maximum height restriction for the particular type of sign structure and zoning district established below:
[Amended 2-5-2002 by Ord. No. 129-G-2; 9-4-2012 by Ord. No. 129-F-2012; 12-19-2017 by Ord. No. 129-F-2017]
Maximum Height**
(feet)
Type of Sign
Structure
Residential
Districts
Commercial
Districts
Industrial and
Business Park Districts
Freestanding
6
14
6
Wall
10
14
-
*The height of off-premises signs shall be regulated by § 240-22V.
**"Maximum height" shall mean the vertical distance measured from the average ground level immediately below a sign to the highest point of the sign and its supporting structure.
O. 
Signs permitted in residential districts.
(1) 
Only the following types of signs are permitted in residential districts:
(a) 
Exempt signs as provided in Subsection J.
(b) 
Temporary signs as provided in Subsection I.
(c) 
Subdivision signs as provided in Subsection L.
(d) 
The following signs are permitted for those uses permitted in residential districts by conditional uses or special exception:
[1] 
A wall sign not to exceed 20% of the wall-signable area or 32 square feet, whichever is less, and permitted on the front wall of the structure only.
[2] 
A freestanding sign not to exceed 32 square feet in area. Such sign shall not be internally illuminated. No more than one freestanding sign per road frontage.
[3] 
A nonilluminated window sign not to exceed 20% of window area to which it is attached.
(2) 
Any of the above signs that are to be associated with a proposed conditional or special exception use shall be reviewed and either be approved or denied at the same time that the conditional or special exception use is being reviewed.
(3) 
Signs relating to convenience commercial facilities when permitted in an apartment development in accordance with the following regulations:
[Amended 11-16-1999 by Ord. No. 129-J-99]
(a) 
Wall sign. One shall be permitted for each establishment and shall be attached only to either the front wall, front advertising band or under the eave of the front of the main roof of the individual establishment. The top of the sign shall not be as high as the roof eave and the bottom of the sign shall be at least six feet and eight inches above the nearest finished walkway. (A parking area shall not be considered a walkway). Such sign shall not exceed two feet in height or be longer than 75% of the linear length of the individual commercial establishment. The maximum size of any such sign shall not exceed 24 square feet.
[1] 
All newly placed wall signs attached to the same building.
[a] 
Shall be generally consistent in proportion and format with existing signs so that consistency of signs is achieved.
[b] 
Shall not be box-type signs if at least 75% of the existing signs in the convenience center are not box-type signs. A "box-type" sign is a closed box with one or two faces being illuminated from within.
[c] 
Shall maintain common vertical and horizontal lines with other signs in a manner consistent with the architecture of the building.
[d] 
Should be generally consistent in materials, font style and type size with other signs attached to the same building.
[e] 
May be directly or indirectly illuminated.
(b) 
Freestanding sign. One freestanding sign shall be permitted for the convenience commercial facility. The sign shall not exceed 20 square feet in area and shall have an overall height not exceeding eight feet. Such signs may identify the names or businesses of the occupants of the convenience commercial facility.
(c) 
Window sign. A nonilluminated window sign not to exceed 20% of the window area to which it is attached.
(d) 
Design. All signs on the structures shall be of the same design, shall be lit in a similar manner and shall be architecturally compatible with the structure.
(e) 
Wall sign alternative. In lieu of the wall sign authorized by § 240-220(3)(a), each establishment in the building shall be permitted to erect one freestanding sign in accordance with the following requirements:
[1] 
Each freestanding sign shall have a maximum size of 10 square feet and a maximum height of 10 feet.
[2] 
Each freestanding sign shall be located immediately in front of its respective establishment.
[3] 
All portions of the freestanding sign shall be located no more than 10 feet from the respective establishment.
[4] 
Each freestanding sign shall comply with all front, rear and side yard requirements, and each such sign shall comply with the setback requirements for the zoning district in which the property is located.
(4) 
See also Subsection F regarding illumination of signs in a residential district.
P. 
Signs permitted in commercial districts. Only the following types of signs are permitted in a commercial district:
[Amended 9-4-2012 by Ord. No. 129-F-2012; 9-25-2012 by Ord. No. 129-G-2012; 7-7-2015 by Ord. No. 129-F-2015]
(1) 
Exempt signs as provided in Subsection J.
(2) 
Temporary signs as provided in Subsection I.
(3) 
Signs relating to the principal use on a lot, with a maximum of one commercial establishment in accordance with the following regulations:
(a) 
Wall sign. One wall sign shall be permitted for the commercial establishment. Such sign shall not exceed two square feet in area for each linear foot of wall-signable area, but not exceed 60 square feet.
(b) 
A freestanding sign not to exceed 10 square feet in area. No more than one freestanding sign shall be permitted on each street frontage.
(c) 
A window sign not to exceed 20% of window area to which it is attached.
(4) 
Signs relating to the principal use on a lot, including more than one commercial establishment are permitted in accordance with the following regulations:
(a) 
Wall sign. One wall sign shall be permitted for each commercial establishment. Such sign shall not exceed two feet in height or be longer than 75% of the linear length of the individual commercial establishment, with a maximum size of 32 square feet. Two wall signs shall be permitted if the commercial establishment is in a stand-alone building in a shopping center.
[1] 
All newly placed wall signs attached to the same building:
[a] 
Shall be generally consistent in proportion with existing signs.
[b] 
Shall not be box-type signs if at least 75% of the existing signs are not box-type signs.
[c] 
Shall maintain common vertical and horizontal lines with other signs in a manner consistent with the architecture of the building.
[d] 
Should be generally consistent in materials, font style and type size with other signs attached to the same building.
[2] 
An applicant for construction of a new principal building intended to include more than one establishment is strongly encouraged to submit a proposed set of standards that the building owner intends to use to control the types and colors of signs to ensure compatibility among the signs.
[3] 
See Subsection K, which prohibits certain types of signs, such as flashing and above-the-roofline signs.
[4] 
Wall sign alternative. In lieu of the wall sign referred to in Subsection P(4)(a), each commercial establishment in the structure shall be permitted to erect one freestanding sign in accordance with the following requirements:
[a] 
Each freestanding sign shall have a maximum size of 10 square feet and a maximum height of 10 feet.
[b] 
Each freestanding sign shall be located immediately in front of its respective establishment.
[c] 
All portions of the freestanding sign shall be located no more than 10 feet from the respective establishment.
[d] 
The freestanding signs shall comply with all front, rear and side yard requirements and they shall comply with the setback requirements for the zoning district.
(b) 
Freestanding signs.
[1] 
A shopping center use in the C-2 District or within a PRD may have a freestanding sign with a maximum area of 120 square feet and a maximum height of 14 feet on each street frontage. No more than one freestanding sign shall be permitted on each street frontage.
[2] 
All other freestanding signs shall not exceed 10 square feet in area nor five feet in height. No more than one freestanding sign shall be permitted on each street frontage.
(c) 
Window signs. The cumulative size of window signs is not to exceed 20% of the window area to which it or they are attached. Such signs may contain the names or businesses of the occupants of the facilities.
(d) 
All signs on the structure shall be of the same design and lit in a similar manner and shall be architecturally compatible with the structure.
(5) 
Sign bonus. Each permitted 10 square feet maximum freestanding sign in a commercial district may be increased in size to a maximum of 20 square feet if the sign is not internally illuminated and is constructed of relief-cut wood (other than plywood).
(6) 
Any sign (as defined in § 240-6, which includes but is not limited to graphics and logos) attached to or incorporated into functional elements of a building or development (including but not limited to awnings, canopies or murals) that serve an advertising or use identification purpose shall be considered to be a sign, and specifically shall be regulated by all provisions of this section for the applicable zoning district.
Q. 
Signs permitted in industrial and business park districts. Only the following types of signs are permitted in the industrial and business park districts:
[Amended 2-5-2002 by Ord. No. 129-G-2]
(1) 
Exempt signs as provided in Subsection J.
(2) 
Temporary signs as provided in Subsection I.
(3) 
Subdivision signs as provided in Subsection L.
(4) 
Land development signs as provided in Subsection L.1.
(5) 
Wall sign. One shall be permitted for each establishment. Such sign shall not exceed two square feet for each linear foot of wall area (where a sign could be located) or 100 square feet, whichever is more restrictive, and shall be permitted only on a wall of the structure that fronts on a street. If there is more than one establishment in the structure, the cumulative area permitted for all wall signs on the wall of a structure that fronts on a street shall not exceed 100 square feet of area in total.
[Amended 12-19-2017 by Ord. No. 129-F-2017]
(6) 
Freestanding sign. One sign along each street frontage, each of which shall not exceed 20 square feet in sign area.
(7) 
Freestanding signs in the I-2 District for an office use.
[Amended 2-22-2005 by Ord. No. 129-A-05]
(a) 
A maximum of one freestanding, directly illuminated sign that is located on the lot that contains the office use shall be permitted for an office use in the I-2 District. The sign shall not exceed 13 square feet in area and four feet in height. The Zoning Officer shall issue a zoning permit for the sign upon the recommendation of the Planning Commission and approval of the Board of Supervisors.
(b) 
Off-site freestanding signs whose primary purpose is to direct persons to various uses in the I-2 Zoning District may be installed by the Township in the I-2 Zoning District. These signs shall be considered “official signs” as defined by this chapter.
(8) 
Freestanding signs in the I-2 District for National Register of Historic Places eligible buildings. A maximum of two freestanding, off-premises, directly illuminated signs shall be permitted. Each sign shall not exceed 24 square feet in area and five feet in height. If more than one such sign is installed, lettering and symbols shall be restricted to one side only of each sign. The applicant shall prove by a preponderance of evidence that there will be a long-term system to ensure proper maintenance of the sign and any accompanying landscaping. The Zoning Officer shall issue a zoning permit for the signs upon approval of the Board of Supervisors.
(9) 
Off premises freestanding signs in accordance with § 240-22L.1.
[Added 2-22-2005 by Ord. No. 129-A-05]
R. 
Approval of signs associated with proposed conditional uses and special exception uses. Any of the signs in Subsections O through and including Q that are to be associated with a proposed conditional or special exception use shall be reviewed and either be approved or denied at the same time that the conditional or special exception use is being reviewed.
S. 
Display of street address numbers.
(1) 
Assignment of street address numbers.
(a) 
Street address numbers shall be assigned by the Township Manager or his/her designee to each lot, each dwelling unit and each commercial or business establishment when there is more than one such establishment on a lot.
(b) 
The Township Manager or his/her designee shall have the power to correct any errors with respect to the assignment of street address numbers, as and when such errors are discovered, and shall have the power to change and redesignate a street address number or numbers assigned to any lot, dwelling unit and commercial or business establishment when there is more than one such establishment on a lot and when it is deemed that such change or redesignation is necessary or desirable in order to provide street address numbers appropriate for the purposes of uniquely identifying each such lot, dwelling unit and commercial or business establishment and for reducing the time, effort and potential confusion necessitated by such identification.
(2) 
Application for street address number. The owner or occupant of a lot, dwelling unit and commercial or business establishment when there is more than one such establishment on a lot, to which no street address number has been previously assigned or designated or to which a duplicative number has been assigned or designated shall, prior to occupancy thereof, make application to the Township Manager or his/her designee for assignment of such street address number which, upon designation, shall be the street address number of the property.
(3) 
Specifications for street address number posting. The owner or occupant of each lot, each dwelling unit or each commercial or business establishment when there is more than one such establishment on a lot within the Township shall post the designated street address number on said lot, dwelling unit and commercial or business establishment in strict compliance with the following specifications and regulations:
(a) 
The street address numbers shall be Arabic in design and shall be constructed of a permanent and weatherproof material or possessing a permanent and weatherproof coating.
(b) 
Each digit constituting the posted street address number shall be not less than three inches in height.
(c) 
If the lot is improved with a building or buildings, the digits constituting the posted street address number shall be secured and permanently mounted to the principal building's element (e.g., front wall or porch) most proximate to the public or private vehicular accessway providing principal access to said building.
(d) 
Each digit constituting the posted street address number shall be mounted at a height not less than four feet nor greater than 10 feet above the grade or elevation of the adjoining principal vehicular accessway.
(e) 
Each digit of the posted street address number together with the structure or building element to which they are affixed shall be so designed with regard to contrasting background, arrangement, spacing, size and uniformity of digits so as to be readily legible and visible during daylight hours or when illuminated by a source of artificial light by a person possessing normal vision.
(f) 
Each digit of the posted street address number shall be so located so as to avoid all visual obstruction, including trees, shrubs and any other temporary or permanent structure or fixture.
(g) 
If the lot has a mailbox located within the street right-of-way, the digits constituting the posted street address number shall also be permanently mounted, painted or otherwise affixed on both sides to either the mailbox or the mailbox post.
(h) 
If the lot does not have a mailbox located within the right-of-way but does have a freestanding sign, the street address shall be placed on the freestanding sign. If the lot does not have a mailbox located within the right-of-way or have a freestanding sign, the street address shall be placed on a small freestanding sign which is located by the main entrance to the property. This freestanding sign shall not be larger than two square feet in size and not more than three feet in height.
T. 
Bus shelter signs. A bus shelter permitted by § 240-37 may include a single off-premises sign, which shall have a maximum of two sign faces. Such sign shall have a maximum sign area of 24 square feet on each of the two sign faces. In addition, such sign may include a sign of up to four square feet identifying the agency providing public transit service.
U. 
Historic wall signs. One historic wall sign shall be permitted on properties listed on the East Goshen Township Historic Resource Inventory for those uses permitted pursuant to § 240-38.5A. The sign shall be reviewed and approved by the Board of Supervisors contemporaneously with the use.
[Added 5-4-2004 by Ord. No. 129-D-04]
(1) 
The sign shall be a maximum size of six square feet on each of no more than two faces.
(2) 
The sign shall project no more than four feet from the face of the building.
(3) 
The top of the sign shall not exceed:
(a) 
One-story building: the eave height.
(b) 
Two- or three-story building: the height of the second floor windowsill.
(4) 
The sign may be directly illuminated by a maximum of two seventy-five-watt bulbs (one for each side).
(5) 
The sign, and related illumination, shall adhere to the standards of §§ 240-22 and 240-24H.
V. 
Off-premises signs. Off-premises signs shall be permitted when authorized as a conditional use, subject to the following provisions:
[Added 9-4-2012 by Ord. No. 129-F-2012]
(1) 
One off-premises sign shall be permitted on a lot as a principal use or as an accessory use on a lot which abuts West Chester Pike between Westtown Way and the Township's border with West Goshen Township and on a lot which abuts Route 202.
(2) 
The off-premises sign shall be set back from the edge of the existing right-of-way a minimum of 10 feet.
(3) 
The maximum sign area for an off-premises sign shall be as follows:
(a) 
On a lot which abuts West Chester Pike between Westtown Way and the Township's border with West Goshen Township: 75 square feet.
(b) 
On a lot which abuts Route 202: 300 square feet.
(4) 
Maximum height.
(a) 
The maximum height of an off-premises sign shall be as follows:
[1] 
On a lot which abuts West Chester Pike between Westtown Way and the Township's border with West Goshen Township: 25 feet.
[2] 
On a lot which abuts Route 202: 25 feet.
(b) 
The height of an off-premises sign shall be measured from the average grade based on the area found within a fifty-foot radius of the outer limits of the sign structure.
(5) 
The off-premises sign shall be set back a minimum of 20 feet from all lot lines.
(6) 
No off-premises sign shall be erected within 200 feet of any other off-premises sign.
(7) 
If the off-premises sign is to have exterior lighting, a lighting plan must be submitted with the conditional use application which includes the following information:
(a) 
A site plan containing the layout of the proposed fixture locations and type.
(b) 
Catalog cuts and photometrics for each light fixture, the method of energizing each light fixture, a listing of the hours of operation and a plan showing the photometrics for the entire site based upon the proposed placement of the light fixtures. A description of glare-reduction devices, lamps, wattage, control devices, mounting heights, pole and mounting methods, as appropriate for each fixture, should also be included.
(8) 
Off-premises signs shall be screened from any abutting property used or zoned for residential uses with a buffer planting screen. Such screen shall consist of evergreen trees of at least 15 feet in height at the time of planting that form a continuous visual buffer along or near the property line abutting the residential use or lot.
W. 
LED signs. LED signs may be used on the following types of signs subject to the regulations in this § 240-22W: i) an off-premises sign along West Chester Pike between Westtown Way and the Township's border with West Goshen Township; ii) an off-premises sign along Route 202; and iii) on a wall sign or freestanding sign in the C-1 District.
[Added 9-4-2012 by Ord. No. 129-F-2012]
(1) 
The message displayed on the digital off-premises sign shall be static and nonanimated and shall remain fixed for a minimum of 10 seconds;
(2) 
The sign shall not display any message that moves, appears to move, scrolls, or changes in intensity during the fixed display period;
(3) 
The transition time between changes in the sign face or message shall be less than one second;
(4) 
The sign must be equipped with brightness controls which shall be used to reduce the intensity of the light based on outside light levels; and
(5) 
The digital LED display shall not have lighting that would compete with or distract from traffic signal lighting.
[1]
Editor's Note: Summary Sign Charts 1 and 2 are included as attachments to this chapter.
General regulations applicable to all districts.
A. 
Limit of one principal use. No more than one principal use shall be permitted on a lot unless specifically permitted by this chapter.
B. 
Principal buildings.
(1) 
If two or more principal buildings are located on a lot, each principal building shall conform to all requirements of this chapter as if each building were on a separate lot. The required land development plan shall comply with all the standards and improvements required by Chapter 205, Subdivision and Land Development.
(2) 
Street frontage required and flag lots.
(a) 
Every principal building shall be built upon a lot with frontage upon a public or private street improved to meet Township standards or for which such improvements have been ensured by the posting of a performance guaranty pursuant to Chapter 205, Subdivision and Land Development.
(b) 
Flag lots (also known as "pole lots").
[1] 
A flag lot, as illustrated in the Appendix, is a lot that does not meet the minimum lot width requirement at the minimum (front yard) building setback line and/or at the street line, and which includes an elongated extension to connect the bulk of a lot to a street.
[2] 
The creation of an individual flag lot shall be permitted by right, provided that all of the following conditions are met:
[a] 
The lot shall meet the minimum lot width established in the applicable zoning district.
[Amended 6-1-1999 by Ord. No. 129-D-99]
[b] 
The pole portion of the lot (which is the portion that does not meet the minimum lot width at the minimum building setback line) shall not exceed 400 feet in length as measured from the street right-of-way, and the pole portion shall be part of the lot (versus being an easement).
[c] 
A maximum total of one flag lot may be created from each parent lot (see definition in § 240-6) that existed as a single and separate lot of record at the time of adoption of this chapter.
[d] 
The applicant shall prove to the satisfaction of the Township that the proposed driveway will have adequate access for emergency vehicles.
[e] 
The pole portion of the flag lot shall maintain an absolute minimum lot width of 40 feet for its full length.
[f] 
All lots, including but not limited to new and parent lots, shall meet the applicable minimum lot area and building setbacks.
(c) 
See Sketch G in the Appendix.
C. 
Maximum height of buildings and structures.
[Amended 5-7-2002 by Ord. No. 129-K-02]
(1) 
Unless specifically permitted, no building or structure shall exceed the maximum height of buildings specified in this chapter, except that the regulations shall not apply to church steeples which are usually placed above the roof level and are not intended for human occupancy.
(2) 
Structures such as flagpoles, windmills, water towers and silos shall be subject to and shall not exceed the maximum permitted building height unless a special exception is granted by the Zoning Hearing Board and the Board affirmatively finds that such structure is proposed, designed, intended and limited in use only to such purpose. In such case, the Board may approve such increased height as is proven by the applicant to be warranted by the functional needs of the structure, subject to such reasonable limitations and conditions as the Board shall impose, provided that the height allowed by the Board shall not exceed two times the permitted building height absent the Board's granting of a variance and provided, further, that no structure shall significantly impair solar access of adjacent buildings or solar collector locations. This section shall not apply to solar energy systems.
[Amended 3-17-2015 by Ord. No. 129-D-2015]
D. 
Lot and yard requirements and sight distance.
(1) 
Lot area and yard requirements. The lot or yard requirements for any new building or use shall not include any part of a lot that is required by any other building or use to comply with the requirements of this chapter. No required lot area or yard shall include any property, the ownership of which has been transferred subsequent to the effective date of this chapter if such property was a part of the area required for compliance with the dimensional requirements applicable to the lot from which such transfer was made.
(2) 
Minimum lot area and lot area per dwelling unit. Where a minimum lot area is specified, no principal building or use shall be erected or established on any lot of lesser area, except as may be permitted in Subsection D(4).
(3) 
Minimum lot width. Where a minimum lot width is specified, no principal building shall be erected on any part of a lot which has a width of less than is specified in the appropriate zoning district except as may be permitted by Subsection D.
(4) 
Exceptions to minimum lot areas and yards for nonconforming lots. A building may be constructed on any lot which was lawful when created and which, prior to the effective date of this chapter, was in single and separate ownership duly recorded by plan or deed, provided that the yard requirements are observed.
(5) 
Spacing of nonresidential buildings on the same lot.
(a) 
Where two or more nonresidential principal buildings are proposed to be built on a lot in one ownership, each such building shall be separated from another such building by at least twice the minimum side yard requirement for each respective building in the zoning district.
(b) 
In the case of a building such as a shopping center, an office center or other similar building where there is a row of individual uses, this side yard requirement applies to the building rather than to the individual uses.
(6) 
Through lots. In the case of through lots, unless the prevailing front yard pattern on adjoining lots indicates otherwise, front yards shall be provided on all frontages.
(7) 
Front and side yards of corner lots. On a corner lot, the yard adjoining a side street shall equal the required front yard for lots facing that street.
(8) 
Front yard regulations. Where a minimum depth of a front yard is specified in a district, an open space of at least the specified depth shall be provided between the street line or lines and the nearest point of any building or structure, except when permitted elsewhere in this chapter.
(9) 
Side and rear yard requirements. Where a minimum width of side yard or depth of rear yard is specified, no building, structure or tennis court shall be erected within the specified distance from either side lot line or rear lot line, except when specifically permitted elsewhere in this chapter.
(10) 
Exception to the required yards. Subject to Subsection D(11), the district's yard requirements shall not apply to an arbor, open trellis, flagpole, unroofed steps, unroofed terrace, recreational or drying yard, awning or movable canopy which projects no more than 10 feet, or an open fire escape or unroofed porch which extends no more than six feet into any yard.
(11) 
Sight distance at intersections. Whenever a new street (public or private), accessway or driveway intersects a public or arterial street, the applicant shall establish a clear sight triangle that would provide sight distance meeting standards of PADOT, as amended. Such PADOT standards shall be used regardless of whether a state-owned or Township-owned street is involved. Vegetation and other visual obstructions within this triangle shall be limited to a height of not more than two feet above the center-line grade with the exception of official postal mailboxes, sign posts and tree trunks which shall be excluded from this two-foot minimum height requirement.
General performance standards applicable to all districts.
A. 
Nuisances prohibited. No land or structure in any zoning district shall be used or occupied in any manner that creates any dangerous, injurious, noxious or otherwise objectionable condition; fire, explosive or other hazards; noise or vibration; smoke, dust, odor or other form of air pollution; heat, electromagnetic or other radiation or other condition in such a manner or in such amount as to affect adversely the reasonable use or value of the surrounding area or adjoining premises; or be dangerous to public health or safety.
B. 
Performance standards procedure.
(1) 
With the exception of residential uses, the applicant for a zoning permit for any other principal or accessory use shall include with such application an affidavit acknowledging his understanding of the performance standards specified herein and applicable to such use and affirming his agreement to conduct or operate such use at all times in conformance with such standards.
(2) 
Where the nature of the proposed use would make compliance with the applicable standards questionable, the Zoning Officer may require the applicant to submit plans of the proposed construction and a description of the proposed machinery, operations, products and specifications for the mechanisms and techniques to be used in restricting the emission of any dangerous and objectionable elements listed in this section; provided, however, that no applicant shall be required to reveal the secret details of industrial or trade data and may specify that the plans or other information submitted pursuant to this section shall be treated as confidential matter.
(3) 
Regardless of whether or not a use is required to comply with the procedure specified in Subsection B(2), every use shall comply with the performance standards themselves.
C. 
Noise control.
(1) 
No person shall operate or cause to be operated, on private or public property, any source of continuous sound (any sound which is static, fluctuating or intermittent with a recurrence greater than one time in any fifteen-second interval) in such a manner as to create a sound level which exceeds the limits set forth for the receiving land use category in the following table when measured at or within the property boundary of the receiving land use.
Continuous Sound Levels by Receiving Land Use
Receiving Land
Use Category
Time
Sound Level
Limit
Residential, public space,
7:00 a.m. to 10:00 p.m.
60 dBA
open space, agricultural or institutional
10:00 p.m. to 7:00 a.m. plus Sundays and legal holidays
50 dBA
Commercial or business
7:00 a.m. to 10:00 p.m.
65 dBA
10:00 p.m. to 7:00 a.m. plus Sundays and legal holidays
60 dBA
Industrial
At all times
70 dBA
(2) 
For any source of sound which emits a pure tone, the maximum sound level limits set forth in the above table shall be reduced by 5 dBA. For any source of sound which emits an impulsive sound (a sound of short duration, with an abrupt onset and rapid decay and an occurrence of not more than one time in any fifteen-second interval) the excursions of sound pressure level shall not exceed 20 dBA over the ambient sound pressure level, regardless of time of day or night or receiving land use. Such analysis should be based upon using the fast meter characteristic of a Type II meter, meeting either ANSI specifications S1.4 1971 or a later standard.
(3) 
The maximum permissible sound levels by the receiving land use category as listed in the previous table shall not apply to any of the following noise sources:
(a) 
The emission of sound for the purpose of alerting persons to the existence of an emergency.
(b) 
Emergency work to provide electricity, water or other public utilities when public health or safety are involved.
(c) 
Domestic power tools.
(d) 
Explosives and construction operations.
(e) 
Agriculture.
(f) 
Motor vehicle operations.
(g) 
Public celebrations specifically authorized by the Township.
(h) 
Surface carriers engaged in commerce by railroad.
(i) 
The unamplified human voice.
D. 
Vibration control. Operating or permitting the operation of any device that creates vibration which is above the vibration perception threshold of an individual at or beyond the property boundary of the source, if on private property or at 50 feet from the source or if on a public space or public right-of-way, shall be prohibited. For the purposes of this section, "vibration perception threshold" means the minimum ground- or structure-borne vibrational motion necessary to cause a normal person to be aware of the vibration by such direct means, including but not limited to sensation by touch or visual observation of moving objects.
E. 
Outdoor storage.
(1) 
No flammable or explosive liquids, solids or gases shall be stored in bulk above the ground except for tanks or drums of less than 600 gallons of fuel directly connecting with energy devices, heating devices or appliances located and operated on the same lot as the tanks or drums of fuel.
(2) 
All outdoor storage facilities for fuel, raw materials and products stored outdoors, including those permitted in Subsection E(1) above, shall be enclosed by a fence of a type, construction and size as shall be adequate to protect and conceal the facilities from any adjacent properties. Fencing shall not only encompass the question of safety, but also of screening, and the screening shall preferably be evergreens. All national Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) regulations shall be met.
(3) 
No materials or wastes shall be deposited upon a lot in such form or manner that they may be transported off by natural causes or forces, nor shall any substance which can contaminate groundwater or surface water or otherwise render groundwater or surface water undesirable as a source of water supply or recreation or which will destroy aquatic life be allowed to enter any groundwater or surface water. Applicable Department of Environmental Protection regulations shall apply.
(4) 
All materials or wastes which might cause fumes or dust, which constitute a fire hazard or which may be edible or otherwise attractive to rodents or insects, shall be stored outdoors only if enclosed in containers adequate to eliminate such hazards. Applicable Department of Environmental Protection and national OSHA regulations shall apply.
(5) 
Outdoor storage of junk other than within an approved junkyard (see definition in § 240-6) shall be prohibited in all zoning districts within the Township.
F. 
Sewage treatment and disposal control. All methods of sewage and waste treatment and disposal shall be approved by the Pennsylvania Department of Environmental Protection and in accordance with the sewage facilities plan for the Township.
G. 
Dust, dirt, smoke, vapors, gases and odors.
(1) 
All uses shall comply with all applicable state and federal laws and regulations controlling air pollution, dust, smoke, vapors, gases and odors.
(2) 
No use shall generate dust, smoke, soot, glare or odors that travel beyond the subject property, causing nuisances that would be significantly offensive to reasonable persons of ordinary sensitivities.
H. 
Light and glare control.
(1) 
All uses shall minimize the production of glare that is perceptible beyond the property line of the lot on which the operation is situated, through the use of shielding, luminaire reflectors or other suitable measures, minimizing the intensity of lighting. No more than 0.5 footcandle of light from lighting or signs shall fall upon any residential lot between the hours of 9:00 p.m and 6:00 a.m.
(2) 
No lighting shall shine onto a street in such a way as to threaten to cause distractions or glare for passing motorists. All light sources shall be directed or covered with a translucent cover or other suitable measure to prevent the actual source of the lighting (such as the filament of an incandescent bulb) from being visible from another lot or a street.
I. 
Electric, diesel, gas or other power. Every use requiring power shall be so operated that any service lines, substation, etc., shall conform to the highest applicable safety requirements, shall be constructed, installed, etc., so that they will be an integral part of the architectural features of the plant, or if visible from abutting residential properties, shall be concealed by evergreen planting.
J. 
Control of radioactivity. Activities which may emit radioactivity beyond enclosed areas shall comply with all applicable regulations of the Pennsylvania Department of Environmental Protection and the Federal Nuclear Regulatory Commission.
K. 
Control of electrical emissions. No electrical disturbances (except for routine domestic household appliances) shall be permitted to adversely affect any equipment on another lot or within another dwelling unit. (See applicable Federal Communications Commission regulations.)
Environmental protection requirements applicable to all districts.
A. 
Environmental preservation required. All uses shall be developed in a manner consistent with the preservation of the quality of the existing environment and of any natural amenities present on the site. Such uses shall provide for the preservation and proper management of natural drainage systems, minimizing of grading and removal of attractive vegetation, preservation of substantial stands of trees and forested areas, specimen trees and the preservation of attractive views and any other natural features existing on the site.
B. 
Filling, excavation and grading. All activities which require filling, excavation or grading shall comply with Chapter 131, Erosion and Sediment Control, as amended or superseded. All earthmoving activities shall comply with any officially submitted sedimentation and erosion control plan as a condition of a zoning permit.
C. 
Steep slopes. The following provisions shall apply if a new principal building(s) is proposed to be located upon any area(s) with a natural slope of 15% or steeper at the time of adoption of this chapter.
(1) 
Definition of buildable area. This term shall mean a land area required by this section to be shown on official development plans that establishes the portion of a lot within which a principal building can be constructed. The buildable area shall not include areas within the required yards. The buildable area shall be contiguous and generally regular in shape.
(2) 
Residential development.
(a) 
Each proposed lot intended for a single-family detached residential dwelling shall contain a buildable area [as defined in Subsection C(1)] containing not less than 5,000 square feet. This area shall have an average slope of 15% or less as measured in accordance with Subsection C(6). If this condition cannot be met, the applicant shall provide the information required under Subsection C(5)(d)[3] or the applicant may voluntarily limit the extent of the buildable area to avoid the steep slopes.
[1] 
If such buildable area includes more than 500 square feet of a slope of 15% or greater, then the minimum lot area for that lot shall be increased to one acre and a maximum impervious coverage of 10% shall be established.
[2] 
For buildings on a slope over 25%, see Subsection C(5) below.
(b) 
All lots shall be accessible and have access from an existing or approved street by means of a driveway having a maximum grade of 15% and a maximum grade of 4% within the right-of-way or within 15 feet of the cartway (whichever is greater).
(c) 
In the case of lots utilizing an on-site sewage disposal system, in addition to such buildable area, there shall be sufficient area for the primary sewage disposal field and an alternate field, in accordance with applicable Township or Department of Environmental Protection regulations. Prior to the lot being created, the applicant shall provide evidence from a state-certified sewage enforcement officer that such primary and alternate field sites will meet state regulations.
(d) 
All natural vegetation shall be maintained on all slopes of 15% or greater, unless the applicant submits a landscape plan prepared by a landscape architect that provides for replacement of existing vegetation. (See Sketch H in the Appendix.)
(3) 
Nonresidential development.
(a) 
Any new lot intended for a principal nonresidential building shall provide a buildable area at least equal to the projected horizontal area of the proposed principal building, plus the additional area required for parking in conformance with this chapter. This area shall have an average slope no greater than 10%, as measured in accordance with § 240-25C(6).
(b) 
The building site shall be accessed from an existing or approved street by means of an adequately and properly designed driveway having a maximum grade of 10%, and a maximum grade of 4% within the right-of-way or within 25 feet of the cartway (whichever is greater).
(c) 
In the case of lots utilizing an on-site sewage disposal system, in addition to such buildable area, there shall be sufficient area for the primary sewage disposal field and alternate field, in accordance with applicable Township or Department of Environmental Protection regulations. Prior to the lot being created, the applicant shall provide evidence from a state-certified sewage enforcement officer that such primary and alternate field sites will meet state regulations.
(4) 
Development plans required. Building, grading and landscaping plans shall be required for proposed developments located in areas which have a slope in excess of 15%. The plans shall describe methods to manage stormwater runoff and to prevent erosion and shall state the entity or person responsible for such measures being carried out. The slope provisions of this chapter shall be based upon natural slopes that existed at the time of adoption of this chapter. The provisions of this section shall not be circumvented by grading a site prior to applying for a Township permit or approval.
(5) 
Slopes in excess of 25%. The following are the only principal uses permitted in areas where the natural grade of a slope exceeds 25% over a contiguous area of greater than 500 square feet:
(a) 
Parks and outdoor recreational uses so long as their activities do not conflict with the use of the land as a watershed.
(b) 
Tree farming, forestry and other farm uses (if permitted by the applicable district regulations and subject to § 240-34) when conducted in conformance with the conservation practices that ensure adequate protection against soil erosion.
(c) 
No principal building(s) other than a single-family detached dwelling shall be constructed on an area of over 500 square feet of 25% or greater natural slope.
(d) 
A single-family detached dwelling or a portion thereof may only be constructed on an area that includes over 500 square feet of 25% or greater natural slope if:
[1] 
The building(s) is constructed in such a manner which does not alter the existing grade and natural soil conditions.
[2] 
The lot has a maximum impervious coverage of 5% and a minimum lot area of three acres.
[3] 
The applicant supplies the following:
[a] 
A site plan of the property, indicating existing grades with contour lines at two-foot intervals and proposed grades.
[b] 
A landscaping plan, indicating proposed paved areas, storm drainage facilities and ground cover, as well as trees and ornamental shrub locations.
[c] 
Architectural plans, elevations and sections.
[d] 
A statement prepared by an architect or other qualified state-registered professional describing the building methods to be used in overcoming foundation and other structural problems created by slope conditions, preserving the natural watersheds and preventing soil erosion.
(6) 
Measurement of steep slopes.
(a) 
Slope contours shall be submitted at two-foot elevation intervals to determine compliance with this section.
(b) 
Unless otherwise stated, steep slopes shall be identified whenever they are present across any fifty-foot horizontal length.
(7) 
Erosion control. The following requirements shall apply when earthmoving occurs on slopes over 15%:
(a) 
Stripping of vegetation, regrading or other earthmoving shall be done in such a way that will minimize erosion. The earthmoving performed shall keep cut and fill operations to a minimum.
(b) 
Wherever feasible, natural vegetation (other than noxious weeds) shall be retained, protected and supplemented.
(c) 
The disturbed land area and the duration of exposure shall be kept to a practical minimum.
(d) 
Temporary vegetation or mulching shall be used to protect slopes over 15% and areas within 50 feet of a bank of a waterway during the earthmoving process.
D. 
Areas with high water table. No area which has a year-round or seasonal high water table which comes to within four feet of the ground surface may be used in such a way that directly by means of effluent discharge into the ground or indirectly through the leaching of stored materials could result in the pollution of the groundwater. The determination of such hazards shall be made by the appropriate state agency and/or by a qualified sanitary engineer, geologist or soil scientist approved by the Board of Supervisors.
E. 
Wetlands.
(1) 
Studies. If the Zoning Officer, Planning Commission or Township Engineer has reason to believe that a portion of a site proposed to be altered may be a wetland under federal and/or state regulations, then the Zoning Officer may require the applicant to provide a study by a qualified wetlands scientist or wetlands ecologist to delineate any wetlands on official plans submitted to the Township. However, the Township does not accept responsibility for identifying all wetlands or to warn parties of such possibilities.
(2) 
Permits. All permits of the Township are issued on the condition that the applicant, property-owners, developers and builders comply with federal and state wetland regulations. Any such permit may be revoked or suspended by the Zoning Officer until such party proves compliance with those regulations.
(3) 
Setbacks. No structure or part thereof shall be constructed within 20 feet of areas identified as a wetland under federal or state regulations. Such setback is intended to allow space for movement of construction equipment.
[Amended 3-18-2003 by Ord. No. 129-D-03]
F. 
Serpentine rock formations.
(1) 
All serpentine rock formations must be identified on the subdivision/land development plans.
(2) 
No development of serpentine rock formations in these areas will be allowed without proper federal and state permits.
(3) 
Where serpentine rock formations have been identified, the developer must have the area surveyed by a qualified botanist to identify any rare or endangered plants. If found, this information must be kept confidential and provided only to the Township and appropriate federal or state authorities.
Flood-prone area regulations applicable to all districts.
A. 
Alluvial soils regulations.
(1) 
Alluvial soil floodplain areas.
(a) 
"Alluvial soils" are those areas shown on the official Chester County Soil Survey as including soils identified as alluvial soils on the Official Zoning Map. The alluvial soils areas contain one or more of the soil types which are identified by the Soil Survey for Chester County as alluvial or "soils of floodplains that are subject to overflow" or a closely similar term.
(b) 
The alluvial soils areas shall be regulated by Subsection A. Where an appropriate accurate detailed study of the extent of the one-hundred-year floodplain is available, the alluvial soils areas regulations shall not apply.
(2) 
Approval procedure. Where an applicant proposes any grading or construction of a building or installation of a septic system within alluvial soils areas or areas within 50 feet of alluvial soils areas as shown on the Chester County Soil Survey and an accurate detailed official floodplain study acceptable to the Zoning Officer does not exist along that segment, then such areas shall be considered as part of the one-hundred-year floodplain and regulated as such, unless the applicant provides and funds a detailed on-site survey to determine the exact extent of areas susceptible to a one-hundred-year flood and the applicant then proves that any alteration or development would meet the one-hundred-year floodplain regulations within the areas determined to be within the one-hundred-year floodplain.
(a) 
Such on-site survey shall be made by a professional engineer or registered landscape architect who has demonstrated experience in the hydrologic field and shall be completed in accordance with accepted on-site survey techniques. The Zoning Officer may require that such study distinguish the one-hundred-year floodway from the one-hundred-year flood-fringe if necessary to determine compliance with this chapter.
[Amended 3-18-2003 by Ord. No. 129-D-03]
(b) 
The applicant shall fund reasonable costs to have such study reviewed by the Township Engineer. The Zoning Officer shall then accept or not accept such study based upon such professional review.
B. 
Floodplain regulations.
[Amended 3-18-2003 by Ord. No. 129-D-03; 9-19-2006 by Ord. No. 129-C-06; 7-11-2017 by Ord. No. 129-C-2017]
(1) 
Statutory authorization. The Legislature of the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania has, by the passage of the Pennsylvania Flood Plain Management Act of 1978,[1] delegated the responsibility to local governmental units to adopt floodplain management regulations to promote public health, safety, and the general welfare of its citizenry. Pursuant to such authority and the authority granted by the Pennsylvania Municipalities Planning Code,[2] the Board of Supervisors (the "Board") of East Goshen Township (the "Township") adopts the following floodplain regulations.
[1]
Editor's Note: See 32 P.S. § 679.101 et seq.
[2]
Editor's Note: See 53 P.S. § 10101 et seq.
(2) 
General provisions.
(a) 
Intent. The intent of § 240-26B, Floodplain regulations, is to:
[1] 
Promote the general health, welfare, and safety of the community.
[2] 
Encourage the utilization of appropriate construction practices in order to prevent or minimize flood damage in the future.
[3] 
Minimize danger to public health by protecting the water supply and natural drainage.
[4] 
Reduce financial burdens imposed on the community, its governmental units, and its residents by preventing excessive development in areas subject to flooding.
[5] 
Comply with federal and state floodplain management requirements.
(b) 
Applicability. It shall be unlawful for any person, partnership, business or corporation to undertake, or cause to be undertaken, any construction or development anywhere within the identified floodplain area within the Township unless a permit has been obtained from the Floodplain Administrator.
(c) 
Abrogation and greater restrictions. This Subsection B supersedes any other conflicting provisions which may be in effect in identified floodplain areas. However, any other ordinance provisions shall remain in full force and effect to the extent that those provisions are more restrictive. If there is any conflict between any of the provisions of this Subsection B, the more restrictive shall apply.
(d) 
Warning and disclaimer of liability. The degree of flood protection sought by the provisions of this Subsection B is considered reasonable for regulatory purposes and is based on accepted engineering methods of study. Larger floods may occur or flood heights may be increased by man-made or natural causes, such as ice jams and bridge openings restricted by debris. This Subsection B does not imply that areas outside any identified floodplain area, or that land uses permitted within such areas, will be free from flooding or flood damages. This Subsection B shall not create liability on the part of the Township or any officer or employee thereof for any flood damages that result from reliance on this Subsection B or any administrative decision lawfully made thereunder.
(3) 
Administration.
(a) 
Designation of the floodplain administrator.
[1] 
The Township Zoning Officer is hereby appointed to administer and enforce this Subsection B and is referred to herein as the Floodplain Administrator. The Floodplain Administrator may:
[a] 
Fulfill the duties and responsibilities set forth in these regulations;
[b] 
Delegate duties and responsibilities set forth in these regulations to qualified technical personnel, plan examiners, inspectors, and other employees; or
[c] 
Enter into a written agreement or written contract with another agency or private sector entity to administer specific provisions of these regulations. Administration of any part of these regulations by another entity shall not relieve the community of its responsibilities pursuant to the participation requirements of the National Flood Insurance Program as set forth in the Code of Federal Regulations at 44 CFR 59.22.
[2] 
In the absence of a designated Floodplain Administrator, the Floodplain Administrator duties are to be fulfilled by the Township Manager.
(b) 
Permits required. A permit shall be required before any construction or development is undertaken within any identified floodplain area of the Township.
(c) 
Duties and responsibilities of the floodplain administrator.
[1] 
The Floodplain Administrator shall issue a permit only after it has been determined that the proposed work to be undertaken will be in conformance with the requirements of this Subsection B and all other applicable codes and ordinances.
[2] 
Prior to the issuance of any permit, the Floodplain Administrator shall review the application for the permit to determine if all other necessary government permits required by state and federal laws have been obtained, such as those required by the Pennsylvania Sewage Facilities Act (Act 1966-537, as amended);[3] the Pennsylvania Dam Safety and Encroachments Act (Act 1978-325, as amended);[4] the Pennsylvania Clean Streams Act (Act 1937-394, as amended);[5] and the United States Clean Water Act, Section 404, 33 U.S.C. § 1344. No permit shall be issued until this determination has been made.
[3]
Editor's Note: See 35 P.S. § 750.1 et seq.
[4]
Editor's Note: See 32 P.S. § 693.1 et seq.
[5]
Editor's Note: See 35 P.S. § 691.1 et seq.
[3] 
In the case of existing structures, prior to the issuance of any development/permit, the Floodplain Administrator shall review the proposed cost of improvements or repairs and the pre-improvement market value of the structure, so that a substantial improvement/substantial damage determination can be made, in accordance with FEMA's Substantial Improvement/Substantial Damage Desk Reference.
[4] 
In the case of existing structures, prior to the issuance of any development permit, the Floodplain Administrator shall review the history of repairs to the subject building, so that any cumulative substantial damage concerns can be addressed before the permit is issued.
[5] 
During the construction period, the Floodplain Administrator or other authorized official shall inspect the premises to determine that the work is progressing in compliance with the information provided on the permit application and with all applicable municipal laws and ordinances. He/she shall make as many inspections during and upon completion of the work as are necessary.
[6] 
In the discharge of his/her duties, the Floodplain Administrator shall have the authority to enter any building, structure, premises or development in the identified floodplain area, upon presentation of proper credentials, at any reasonable hour to enforce the provisions of this Subsection B.
[7] 
In the event the Floodplain Administrator discovers that the work does not comply with the permit application or any applicable laws and ordinances, or that there has been a false statement or misrepresentation by any applicant, the Floodplain Administrator shall revoke the permit and report such fact to the Board of Supervisors for whatever action it considers necessary.
[8] 
The Floodplain Administrator shall maintain in perpetuity, or for the lifetime of the structure, all records associated with the requirements of this Subsection B, including, but not limited to, finished construction elevation data, permitting, inspection and enforcement.
[9] 
The Floodplain Administrator is the official responsible for submitting a biennial report to FEMA concerning community participation in the National Flood Insurance Program as requested.
[10] 
The responsibility, authority and means to implement the commitments of the Floodplain Administrator can be delegated from the person identified. However, the ultimate responsibility lies with the person identified in the floodplain ordinance as the Floodplain Administrator/Manager.
[11] 
The Floodplain Administrator shall consider the requirements of the 34 Pa.Code and the 2009 IBC and the 2009 IRC, or the latest revision thereof as adopted by the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania.
(d) 
Application procedures and requirements.
[1] 
Application for a permit shall be made, in writing, to the Floodplain Administrator on forms supplied by the Township. Such application shall contain the following:
[a] 
Name and address of applicant.
[b] 
Name and address of owner of land on which proposed construction is to occur.
[c] 
Name and address of contractor.
[d] 
Site location, including address.
[e] 
Listing of other permits required.
[f] 
Brief description of proposed work and estimated cost, including a breakout of flood-related cost and the market value of the building before the flood damage occurred, where appropriate.
[g] 
A plan of the site showing the exact size and location of the proposed construction as well as any existing buildings or structures.
[2] 
If any proposed construction or development is located entirely or partially within any identified floodplain area, applicants for permits shall provide all the necessary information in sufficient detail and clarity to enable the Floodplain Administrator to determine that:
[a] 
All such proposals are consistent with the need to minimize flood damage and conform with the requirements of this and all other applicable codes and ordinances;
[b] 
All utilities and facilities, such as sewer, gas, electrical and water systems, are located and constructed to minimize or eliminate flood damage;
[c] 
Adequate drainage is provided so as to reduce exposure to flood hazards;
[d] 
Structures will be anchored to prevent flotation, collapse, or lateral movement;
[e] 
Building materials are flood-resistant;
[f] 
Appropriate practices that minimize flood damage have been used; and
[g] 
Electrical, heating, ventilation, plumbing, air-conditioning equipment, and other service facilities have been designed and located to prevent water entry or accumulation.
[3] 
Applicants shall file the following minimum information plus any other pertinent information as may be required by the Floodplain Administrator to make the above determination:
[a] 
A completed permit application form.
[b] 
A plan of the entire site, clearly and legibly drawn at a scale of one inch being equal to 100 feet or less, showing the following:
[i] 
North arrow, scale, and date;
[ii] 
Topographic contour lines, if available;
[iii] 
The location of all existing and proposed buildings, structures, and other improvements, including the location of any existing or proposed subdivision and development;
[iv] 
The location of all existing streets, drives, and other access ways; and
[v] 
The location of any existing bodies of water or watercourses, identified floodplain areas, and, if available, information pertaining to the floodway, and the flow of water, including direction and velocities.
[c] 
Plans of all proposed buildings, structures and other improvements, drawn at suitable scale showing the following:
[i] 
The proposed lowest floor elevation of any proposed building based upon North American Vertical Datum of 1988;
[ii] 
The elevation of the base flood;
[iii] 
Supplemental information as may be necessary under 34 Pa.Code, the 2009 IBC or the 2009 IRC, or the latest revision thereof as adopted by the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania.
[d] 
The following data and documentation:
[i] 
Detailed information concerning any proposed floodproofing measures and corresponding elevations.
[ii] 
If available, information concerning flood depths, pressures, velocities, impact and uplift forces and other factors associated with a base flood.
[iii] 
Documentation, certified by a registered professional engineer or architect, to show that the cumulative effect of any proposed development within any identified floodplain area, when combined with all other existing and anticipated development, will not cause any increase in the base flood elevation.
[iv] 
A document, certified by a registered professional engineer or architect, which states that the proposed construction or development has been adequately designed to withstand the pressures, velocities, impact and uplift forces associated with the base flood. Such statement shall include a description of the type and extent of floodproofing measures which have been incorporated into the design of the structure and/or the development.
[v] 
Detailed information needed to determine compliance with provisions herein related to provisions regulating storage and development which may endanger human life, including:
[A] 
The amount, location and purpose of any materials or substances which are intended to be used, produced, stored or otherwise maintained on site.
[B] 
A description of the safeguards incorporated into the design of the proposed structure to prevent leaks or spills of the dangerous materials or substances during a base flood.
[vi] 
The appropriate component of the Department of Environmental Protection's "Planning Module for Land Development."
[vii] 
Where any excavation or grading is proposed, a plan meeting the requirements of the Department of Environmental Protection to implement and maintain erosion and sedimentation control.
[4] 
Applications for permits shall be accompanied by a fee, payable to the municipality based upon the estimated cost of the proposed construction as determined by the Floodplain Administrator.
(e) 
Review of application by others. A copy of all plans and applications for any proposed construction or development in any identified floodplain area to be considered for approval may be submitted by the Floodplain Administrator to any other appropriate agencies and/or individuals (e.g., planning commission, municipal engineer, etc.) for review and comment.
(f) 
Changes. After the issuance of a permit by the Floodplain Administrator, no changes of any kind shall be made to the application, permit or any of the plans, specifications or other documents submitted with the application without the written consent or approval of the Floodplain Administrator. Requests for any such change shall be in writing and shall be submitted by the applicant to the Floodplain Administrator for consideration.
(g) 
Placards. In addition to the permit, the Floodplain Administrator shall issue a placard, or similar document, which shall be displayed on the premises during the time construction is in progress. This placard shall show the number of the permit, the date of its issuance, and be signed by the Floodplain Administrator.
(h) 
Start of construction.
[1] 
Work on the proposed construction or development shall begin within 180 days after the date of issuance of the development permit. Work shall also be completed within 12 months after the date of issuance of the permit or the permit shall expire, unless a time extension is granted, in writing, by the Floodplain Administrator. The issuance of development permit does not refer to the zoning approval.
[2] 
The "actual start of construction" means either the first placement of permanent construction of a structure on a site, such as the pouring of slab or footings, the installation of piles, the construction of columns, or any work beyond the stage of excavation; or the placement of a manufactured home on a foundation. Permanent construction does not include land preparation, such as clearing, grading, and filling; nor does it include the installation of streets and/or walkways; nor does it include excavation for a basement, footings, piers, or foundations or the erection of temporary forms; nor does it include the installation on the property of accessory buildings, such as garages or sheds not occupied as dwelling units or not part of the main structure. For a substantial improvement, the actual start of construction means the first alteration of any wall, ceiling, floor, or other structural part of a building, whether or not that alteration affects the external dimensions of the building.
[3] 
Time extensions shall be granted only if a written request is submitted by the applicant, who sets forth sufficient and reasonable cause for the Floodplain Administrator to approve such a request and the original permit is compliant with the ordinance and FIRM/FIS in effect at the time the extension is granted.
(i) 
Enforcement and penalties. Any person who fails to comply with any or all of the requirements or provisions of this Subsection B, or who fails or refuses to comply with any notice, order of direction of the Floodplain Administrator or any other authorized employee of the Township, shall be subject to the administrative processes, enforcement action, fines and/or penalties as set forth within Article VIII, Administration and Enforcement, and the applicable sections of Article IX, General Provisions, of this chapter.
(j) 
Appeals.
[1] 
Any person aggrieved by any action or decision of the Floodplain Administrator concerning the administration of the provisions of this Subsection B may appeal to the Zoning Hearing Board. Such appeal must be filed, in writing, within 30 days after the decision, determination or action of the Floodplain Administrator.
[2] 
Upon receipt of such appeal, the Zoning Hearing Board shall consider the appeal in accordance with the applicable sections of this chapter and the Municipalities Planning Code[6] and any other applicable local ordinance.
[6]
Editor's Note: See 53 P.S. § 10101 et seq.
[3] 
Any person aggrieved by any decision of the Zoning Hearing Board may seek relief therefrom by appeal to court, as provided by the laws of this state, including the Pennsylvania Flood Plain Management Act.[7]
[7]
Editor's Note: See 32 P.S. § 679.101 et seq.
(4) 
Identification of floodplain areas.
(a) 
Identification.
[1] 
The identified floodplain area shall be:
[a] 
Any areas of the Township classified as Special Flood Hazard Areas (SFHAs) in the Flood Insurance Study (FIS) and the accompanying Flood Insurance Rate Maps (FIRMs) dated September 29, 2017, and issued by the Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) or the most recent revision thereof, including all digital data developed as part of the Flood Insurance Study.
[2] 
The above-referenced FIS and FIRMs, and any subsequent revisions and amendments, are hereby adopted by the Township and declared to be a part of this Subsection B.
(b) 
Description and Special Requirements of identified floodplain areas. The identified floodplain area shall consist of the following specific areas:
[1] 
The floodway area shall be those areas identified in the FIS and the FIRM as floodway and which represent the channel of a watercourse and the adjacent land areas that must be reserved in order to discharge the base flood without increasing the water surface elevation by more than one foot at any point. This term shall also include floodway areas which have been identified in other available studies or sources of information for those Special Flood Hazard Areas where no floodway has been identified in the FIS and FIRM.
[a] 
Within any floodway area, no encroachments, including fill, new construction, substantial improvements, or other development, shall be permitted unless it has been demonstrated through hydrologic and hydraulic analysis performed in accordance with standard engineering practice that the proposed encroachment would not result in any increase in flood levels within the community during the occurrence of the base flood discharge.
[b] 
Within any floodway area, no new construction or development shall be allowed unless the appropriate permit is obtained from the Department of Environmental Protection Regional Office.
[2] 
The AE Area/District shall be those areas identified as an AE Zone on the FIRM included in the FIS prepared by FEMA for which base flood elevations have been provided.
[a] 
The AE Area adjacent to the floodway shall be those areas identified as an AE Zone on the FIRM included in the FIS prepared by FEMA for which base flood elevations have been provided and a floodway has been delineated.
[b] 
AE Area without floodway shall be those areas identified as an AE zone on the FIRM included in the FIS prepared by FEMA for which base flood elevations have been provided but no floodway has been determined.
[i] 
No encroachments, including fill, new construction, substantial improvements, or other development, shall be permitted in an AE Zone without floodway unless it has been demonstrated through hydrologic and hydraulic analysis performed in accordance with standard engineering practice that the proposed development, together with all other existing and anticipated development, would not result in an increase in flood levels within the entire community during the occurrence of the base flood discharge.
[ii] 
No new construction or development shall be located within the area measured 50 feet landward from the top-of-bank of any watercourse, unless the appropriate permit is obtained from the Department of Environmental Protection Regional Office.
[3] 
The A Area/District shall be those areas identified as an A Zone on the FIRM included in the FIS prepared by FEMA and for which no base flood elevations have been provided. For these areas, elevation and floodway information from other federal, state, or other acceptable sources shall be used when available. Where other acceptable information is not available, the base flood elevation shall be determined by using the elevation of a point on the boundary of the identified floodplain area which is nearest the construction site.
[4] 
The AO and AH Area/District shall be those areas identified as Zones AO and AH on the FIRM and in the FIS. These areas are subject to inundation by one-percent-annual-chance shallow flooding where average depths are between one and three feet. In Zones AO and AH, drainage paths shall be established to guide floodwaters around and away from structures on slopes.
[5] 
In lieu of the various methods and calculations set forth above, the Township may require the applicant to determine the elevation with hydrologic and hydraulic engineering techniques. Hydrologic and hydraulic analyses shall be undertaken only by professional engineers or others of demonstrated qualifications, who shall certify that the technical methods used correctly reflect currently accepted technical concepts. Studies, analyses, computations, etc., shall be submitted in sufficient detail to allow a thorough technical review by the Township. In the absence of any of the above data or documentation, the Township may require elevation of the lowest floor to be at least three feet above the highest adjacent grade.
(c) 
Changes in identification of area. The identified floodplain area may be revised or modified by the Board where studies or information provided by a qualified agency or person documents the need for such revision. However, prior to any such change to the Special Flood Hazard Area, approval must be obtained from FEMA. Additionally, as soon as practicable, but not later than six months after the date such information becomes available, the Township shall notify FEMA of the changes to the Special Flood Hazard Area by submitting technical or scientific data.
(d) 
Boundary disputes. Should a dispute concerning any identified floodplain boundary arise, an initial determination shall be made by the Township and any party aggrieved by this decision or determination may appeal to the Zoning Hearing Board. The burden of proof shall be on the appellant.
(e) 
Jurisdictional boundary changes. Prior to development occurring in areas where annexation or other corporate boundary changes are proposed or have occurred, the Township shall review flood hazard data affecting the lands subject to boundary changes. The Township shall adopt and enforce floodplain regulations in areas subject to annexation or corporate boundary changes which meet or exceed those in 44 CFR 60.3.
(5) 
Technical provisions.
(a) 
General.
[1] 
Alteration or relocation of watercourse.
[a] 
No encroachment, alteration, or improvement of any kind shall be made to any watercourse until all adjacent municipalities which may be affected by such action have been notified by the municipality and until all required permits or approvals have first been obtained from the Department of Environmental Protection's regional office.
[b] 
No encroachment, alteration, or improvement of any kind shall be made to any watercourse unless it can be shown that the activity will not reduce or impede the flood-carrying capacity of the watercourse in any way.
[c] 
In addition, FEMA and the Pennsylvania Department of Community and Economic Development shall be notified prior to any alteration or relocation of any watercourse.
[2] 
When the Township proposes to permit the following encroachments: any development that causes a rise in the base flood elevations within the floodway; or any development occurring in Zones A1-30 and Zone AE without a designated floodway, which will cause a rise of more than one foot in the base flood elevation; or alteration or relocation of a stream (including, but not limited to, installing culverts and bridges), the applicant shall (as per 44 CFR 65.12):
[a] 
Apply to FEMA for conditional approval of such action prior to permitting the encroachments to occur.
[i] 
Upon receipt of the FEMA Administrator's conditional approval of map change and prior to approving the proposed encroachments, a community shall provide evidence to FEMA of the adoption of floodplain management ordinances incorporating the increased base flood elevations and/or revised floodway reflecting the post-project condition.
[ii] 
Upon completion of the proposed encroachments, the applicant shall provide as-built certifications. FEMA will initiate a final map revision upon receipt of such certifications in accordance with 44 CFR 67.
[3] 
Any new construction, development, uses or activities allowed within any identified floodplain area shall be undertaken in strict compliance with the provisions contained in this Subsection B and any other applicable codes, ordinances and regulations.
[4] 
Within any identified floodplain area, no new construction or development shall be located within the area measured 50 feet landward from the top-of-bank of any watercourse.
[5] 
Uses permitted. The following uses are permitted within the identified floodplain area, provided that they are conducted in accordance with the Clean Streams Law of Pennsylvania, Act 347 of 1937, as amended,[8] the Rules and Regulations of the Pennsylvania Department of Environmental Protection, all other applicable provisions of this chapter, and other local, state and federal regulations:
[a] 
Customary agricultural operations.
[b] 
Parks, playgrounds and recreational uses.
[c] 
Forestry and wood production, excluding storage and mill structures.
[d] 
Outdoor plant nurseries.
[8]
Editor's Note: See 35 P.S. § 691.1 et seq.
(b) 
Elevation and floodproofing requirements. Within any identified floodplain area any new construction or substantial improvements shall be prohibited, with the exception of permitted uses, as set forth above. If a permit or variance is obtained for new construction or substantial improvements in the identified floodplain area in accordance with required criteria, then the following provisions apply:
[1] 
Residential structures.
[a] 
In AE, A1-30, and AH Zones, any new construction or substantial improvement shall have the lowest floor (including basement) elevated up to, or above, the regulatory flood elevation.
[b] 
In A Zones, where there are no base flood elevations specified on the FIRM, any new construction or substantial improvement shall have the lowest floor (including basement) elevated up to, or above, the regulatory flood elevation determined in accordance with this Subsection B.
[c] 
In AO Zones, any new construction or substantial improvement shall have the lowest floor (including the basement) at or above the highest adjacent grade at least as high as the depth number specified on the FIRM.
[d] 
The design and construction standards and specifications contained in the 2009 International Building Code (IBC) and in the 2009 International Residential Code (IRC), or the latest edition thereof adopted by the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania, and ASCE 24 and 34 Pa.Code (Chapters 401-405, as amended) shall be utilized, where they are more restrictive.
[2] 
Nonresidential structures.
[a] 
In AE, A1-30 and AH Zones, any new construction or substantial improvement of a nonresidential structure shall have the lowest floor (including the basement) elevated up to, or above, the regulatory flood elevation, or be designed and constructed so that the space enclosed below the regulatory flood elevation:
[i] 
Is floodproofed so that the structure is watertight with walls substantially impermeable to the passage of water; and
[ii] 
Has structural components with the capability of resisting hydrostatic and hydrodynamic loads and effects of buoyancy.
[b] 
In A Zones, where no base flood elevations are specified on the FIRM, any new construction or substantial improvement shall have the lowest floor (including the basement) elevated or completely floodproofed up to, or above, the regulatory flood elevation determined in accordance with this Subsection B.
[c] 
In AO Zones, any new construction or substantial improvement shall have its lowest floor elevated or completely floodproofed above the highest adjacent grade to at least as high as the depth number specified on the FIRM.
[d] 
Any nonresidential structure, or part thereof, made watertight below the regulatory flood elevation shall be floodproofed in accordance with the W1 or W2 space classification standards contained in the publication entitled "Flood-Proofing Regulations" published by the United States Army Corps of Engineers (June 1972, as amended March 1992) or with some other equivalent standard. All plans and specifications for such floodproofing shall be accompanied by a statement certified by a registered professional engineer or architect which states that the proposed design and methods of construction are in conformance with the above-referenced standards. There should be a statement submitted with the permit application and a statement submitted with the as-built floodproofing certificate prior to the issuance of the certificate of occupancy.
[e] 
Any nonresidential structure that will be floodproofed must submit the following to the Floodplain Administrator along with the nonresidential floodproofing certificate and prior to the issuance of the certificate of occupancy:
[i] 
An inspection and maintenance plan detailing the annual maintenance of floodproofed components ensuring that all components will operate properly under flood conditions. Components that must be inspected include, at a minimum:
[A] 
Mechanical equipment such as sump pumps and generators;
[B] 
Flood shields and closures;
[C] 
Walls and wall penetrations; and
[D] 
Levees and berms (as applicable).
[ii] 
A flood emergency operation plan detailing the procedures to be followed during a flooding event and must include information pertaining to how all components will operate properly under all conditions, including power failures. The design professional must produce the plan. An adequate plan must include the following:
[A] 
An established chain of command and responsibility with leadership responsibilities clearly defined for all aspects of the plan.
[B] 
A procedure for notification of necessary parties when flooding threatens and flood warnings are issued. Personnel required to be at the building should have a planned and safe means of ingress and should have no other emergency response duties during a flood event. Alternates should be assigned in the event that the primary persons responsible are unable to complete their assigned duties under the plan.
[C] 
A list of specific duties assigned to ensure that all responsibilities are addressed expeditiously. The locations of materials necessary to properly install all floodproofing components must be included in the list.
[D] 
An evacuation plan for all personnel or occupants, those without duties for the flood emergency as well as those with duties for implementing the plan. All possible ingress and egress routes must be identified.
[E] 
A periodic training and exercise program to keep personnel and occupants aware of their duties and responsibilities. Training drills should be held at least once a year and should be coordinated with community officials.
[f] 
The design and construction standards and specifications contained in the 2009 International Building Code (IBC) and in the 2009 International Residential Code (IRC), or the latest revision thereof as adopted by the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania, and ASCE 24 and 34 Pa.Code (Chapters 401-405, as amended) shall be utilized, where they are more restrictive.
[3] 
Space below the lowest floor.
[a] 
Fully enclosed space below the lowest floor (excluding basements) which will be used solely for the parking of a vehicle, building access, or incidental storage in an area other than a basement shall be designed and constructed to allow for the automatic entry and exit of floodwaters for the purpose of equalizing hydrostatic forces on exterior walls. The term "fully enclosed space" also includes crawl spaces.
[b] 
Designs for meeting this requirement must either be certified by a registered professional engineer or architect, or meet or exceed the following minimum criteria:
[i] 
A minimum of two openings having a net total area of not less than one square inch for every square foot of enclosed space installed on two separate walls.
[ii] 
The bottom of all openings shall be no higher than one foot above grade.
[iii] 
Openings may be equipped with screens, louvers, or other coverings or devices provided that they permit the automatic entry and exit of floodwaters.
[4] 
Historic structures. Historic structures undergoing repair or rehabilitation that would constitute a "substantial improvement" as defined in this Subsection B, must comply with all ordinance requirements that do not preclude the structure's continued designation as a historic structure. Documentation that a specific ordinance requirement will cause removal of the structure from the National Register of Historic Places or the State Inventory of Historic Places must be obtained from the Secretary of the Interior or the State Historic Preservation Officer. Any exemption from ordinance requirements will be the minimum necessary to preserve the historic character and design of the structure.
[5] 
Accessory structures. Structures accessory to a principal building need not be elevated or floodproofed to remain dry, but shall comply, at a minimum, with the following requirements:
[a] 
The structure shall not be designed or used for human habitation, but shall be limited to the parking of vehicles, or to the storage of tools, material, and equipment related to the principal use or activity.
[b] 
Floor area shall not exceed 200 square feet.
[c] 
The structure will have a low damage potential.
[d] 
The structure will be located on the site so as to cause the least obstruction to the flow of floodwaters.
[e] 
Power lines, wiring, and outlets will be elevated to the regulatory flood elevation.
[f] 
Permanently affixed utility equipment and appliances such as furnaces, heaters, washers, dryers, etc., are prohibited.
[g] 
Sanitary facilities are prohibited.
[h] 
The structure shall be adequately anchored to prevent flotation, collapse, and lateral movement and shall be designed to automatically provide for the entry and exit of floodwater for the purpose of equalizing hydrostatic forces on the walls. Designs for meeting this requirement must either be certified by a registered professional engineer or architect, or meet or exceed the following minimum criteria:
[i] 
A minimum of two openings having a net total area of not less than one square inch for every square foot of enclosed space.
[ii] 
The bottom of all openings shall be no higher than one foot above grade.
[iii] 
Openings may be equipped with screens, louvers, etc., or other coverings or devices provided that they permit the automatic entry and exit of floodwaters.
[i] 
For accessory structures that exceed 200 square feet in area (footprint) and that are below the base flood elevation, a variance is required. If a variance is granted, a signed declaration of land restriction (nonconversion agreement) shall be recorded on the property deed prior to issuance of the certificate of occupancy.
[j] 
Prohibit the storage of hazardous materials in accessory structures.
(c) 
Design and construction standards. The following minimum standards shall apply for all construction and development proposed within any identified floodplain area:
[1] 
Fill. Within any identified floodplain area, the use of fill shall be prohibited. No variance shall be granted.
[2] 
Drainage facilities. Storm drainage facilities shall be designed to convey the flow of stormwater runoff in a safe and efficient manner. The system shall ensure proper drainage along streets and provide positive drainage away from buildings. The system shall also be designed to prevent the discharge of excess runoff onto adjacent properties.
[3] 
Water and sanitary sewer facilities and systems.
[a] 
All new or replacement water supply and sanitary sewer facilities and systems shall be located, designed and constructed to minimize or eliminate flood damages and the infiltration of floodwaters.
[b] 
Sanitary sewer facilities and systems shall be designed to prevent the discharge of untreated sewage into floodwaters.
[c] 
No part of any on-site waste disposal system shall be located within any identified floodplain area except in strict compliance with all state and local regulations for such systems. If any such system is permitted, it shall be located so as to avoid impairment to it, or contamination from it, during a flood.
[d] 
The design and construction provisions of the UCC and FEMA No. 348, "Protecting Building Utilities From Flood Damages" and "The International Private Sewage Disposal Code" shall be utilized.
[4] 
Other utilities. All other utilities such as gas lines, electrical and telephone systems shall be located, elevated (where possible) and constructed to minimize the chance of impairment during a flood.
[5] 
Streets. The finished elevation of all new streets shall be no more than one foot below the regulatory flood elevation.
[6] 
Storage. All materials that are buoyant, flammable, explosive or, in times of flooding, could be injurious to human, animal, or plant life, and not listed under § 240-26B(5)(d), Development which may endanger human life, shall be stored at or above the regulatory flood elevation or floodproofed to the maximum extent possible.
[7] 
Placement of buildings and structures. All buildings and structures shall be designed, located, and constructed so as to offer the minimum obstruction to the flow of water and shall be designed to have a minimum effect upon the flow and height of floodwater.
[8] 
Anchoring.
[a] 
All buildings and structures shall be firmly anchored in accordance with accepted engineering practices to prevent flotation, collapse, or lateral movement.
[b] 
All air ducts, large pipes, storage tanks, and other similar objects or components located below the regulatory flood elevation shall be securely anchored or affixed to prevent flotation.
[9] 
Floors, walls and ceilings.
[a] 
Wood flooring used at or below the regulatory flood elevation shall be installed to accommodate a lateral expansion of the flooring perpendicular to the flooring grain without causing structural damage to the building.
[b] 
Plywood used at or below the regulatory flood elevation shall be of a marine or water-resistant variety.
[c] 
Walls and ceilings at or below the regulatory flood elevation shall be designed and constructed of materials that are water-resistant and will withstand inundation.
[d] 
Windows, doors, and other components at or below the regulatory flood elevation shall be made of metal or other water-resistant material.
[10] 
Paints and adhesives.
[a] 
Paints and other finishes used at or below the regulatory flood elevation shall be of marine or water-resistant quality.
[b] 
Adhesives used at or below the regulatory flood elevation shall be of a marine or water-resistant variety.
[c] 
All wooden components (doors, trim, cabinets, etc.) used at or below the regulatory flood elevation shall be finished with a marine or water-resistant paint or other finishing material.
[11] 
Electrical components.
[a] 
Electrical distribution panels shall be at least three feet above the base flood elevation.
[b] 
Separate electrical circuits shall serve lower levels and shall be dropped from above.
[12] 
Equipment.
[a] 
Water heaters, furnaces, air-conditioning and ventilating units, and other electrical, mechanical or utility equipment or apparatus shall not be located below the regulatory flood elevation and shall be anchored to resist flotation, collapse, and lateral movement.
[b] 
Ductwork shall be elevated to or above the regulatory flood elevation or floodproofed to remain water-resistant.
[13] 
Fuel supply systems. All gas and oil supply systems shall be designed to prevent the infiltration of floodwaters into the system and discharges from the system into floodwaters. Additional provisions shall be made for the drainage of these systems in the event that floodwater infiltration occurs.
[14] 
Uniform Construction Code coordination. The standards and specifications contained in 34 Pa.Code (Chapters 401-405), as amended and not limited to the following provisions, shall apply to the above and other sections and subsections of this Subsection B, to the extent that they are more restrictive and supplement the requirements of this Subsection B:
[a] 
International Building Code (IBC) 2009, or the latest revision thereof as adopted by the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania: Sections 801, 1202, 1403, 1603, 1605, 1612, 3402, and Appendix G.
[b] 
International Residential Building Code (IRC) 2009, or the latest revision thereof, as adopted by the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania: Sections R104, R105, R109, R322, Appendix E, and Appendix J.
(d) 
Development which may endanger human life. Within any identified floodplain area, any structure of the kind described below shall be prohibited. If a variance is obtained in accordance with the required criteria, then the following provisions apply:
[1] 
In accordance with the Pennsylvania Flood Plain Management Act and the regulations adopted by the Department of Community and Economic Development, as required by the Act, any new or substantially improved structure which: will be used for the production or storage of any of the following dangerous materials or substances; or will be used for any activity requiring the maintenance of a supply of more than 550 gallons, or other comparable volume, of any of the following dangerous materials or substances on the premises; or will involve the production, storage, or use of any amount of radioactive substances; shall be subject to the provisions of this section, in addition to all other applicable provisions. The following list of materials and substances are considered dangerous to human life:
[a] 
Acetone.
[b] 
Ammonia.
[c] 
Benzene.
[d] 
Calcium carbide.
[e] 
Carbon disulfide.
[f] 
Celluloid.
[g] 
Chlorine.
[h] 
Hydrochloric acid.
[i] 
Hydrocyanic acid.
[j] 
Magnesium.
[k] 
Nitric acid and oxides of nitrogen.
[l] 
Petroleum products (gasoline, fuel oil, etc.).
[m] 
Phosphorus.
[n] 
Potassium.
[o] 
Sodium.
[p] 
Sulphur and sulphur products.
[q] 
Pesticides (including insecticides, fungicides, and rodenticides).
[r] 
Radioactive substances, insofar as such substances are not otherwise regulated.
[2] 
Within any identified floodplain area, any new or substantially improved structure of the kind described above shall be prohibited within the area measured 50 feet landward from the top-of-bank of any watercourse.
[3] 
Within any floodway area, any structure of the kind described above shall be prohibited. Where permitted within any identified floodplain area, any new or substantially improved residential structure of the kind described above shall be elevated to remain completely dry up to at least 1 1/2 feet above base flood elevation and built in accordance with § 240-26B(5), Technical provisions.
[4] 
Where permitted within any identified floodplain area, any new or substantially improved nonresidential structure of the kind described above shall be built in accordance with the technical provisions set forth in the immediately preceding sections above, including the following requirements:
[a] 
Elevated, or designed and constructed to remain completely dry up to at least 1 1/2 feet above base flood elevation; and
[b] 
Designed to prevent pollution from the structure or activity during the course of a base flood.
Any such structure, or part thereof, that will be built below the regulatory flood elevation shall be designed and constructed in accordance with the standards for completely dry floodproofing contained in the publication "Flood-Proofing Regulations (United States Army Corps of Engineers, June 1972 as amended March 1992), or with some other equivalent watertight standard.
(e) 
Special requirements for subdivisions and development. All subdivision proposals and development proposals containing at least 50 lots or at least five acres, whichever is the lesser, in identified floodplain areas where base flood elevation data are not available, shall be supported by hydrologic and hydraulic engineering analyses that determine base flood elevations and floodway information. The analyses shall be prepared by a licensed professional engineer in a format required by FEMA for a conditional letter of map revision (CLOMR) and letter of map revision (LOMR). Submittal requirements and processing fees shall be the responsibility of the applicant.
(f) 
Special requirements for manufactured homes. Within any identified floodplain area, manufactured homes shall be prohibited. If a variance is obtained in accordance with the require criteria, then the following provisions apply:
[1] 
Within any identified floodplain area, manufactured homes shall be prohibited within the area measured 50 feet landward from the top-of-bank of any watercourse.
[2] 
Where permitted within any identified floodplain area, all manufactured homes, and any improvements thereto, shall be:
[a] 
Placed on a permanent foundation;
[b] 
Elevated so that the lowest floor of the manufactured home is at least 1 1/2 feet above base flood elevation; and
[c] 
Anchored to resist flotation, collapse, or lateral movement.
[3] 
Equipment requirement:
[a] 
Water heaters, furnaces, air-conditioning and ventilating units, and other electrical, mechanical or utility equipment or apparatus shall not be located below the regulatory flood elevation and shall be anchored to resist flotation, collapse, and lateral improvement.
[b] 
Ductwork shall be elevated to or above the regulatory flood elevation or floodproofed to remain water-resistant.
[4] 
Installation of manufactured homes shall be done in accordance with the manufacturers' installation instructions, as provided by the manufacturer. Where the applicant cannot provide the above information, the requirements of Appendix E of the 2009 "International Residential Building Code" or the "U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development's Permanent Foundations for Manufactured Housing," 1984 Edition, draft or latest revision thereto, and 34 Pa. Code Chapters 401-405 shall apply.
[5] 
Consideration shall be given to the installation requirements of the 2009 IBC, and the 2009 IRC or the latest revision thereto as adopted by the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania, and 34 Pa.Code, as amended, where appropriate and/or applicable to units where the manufacturers' standards for anchoring cannot be provided or were not established for the proposed unit's(units') installation.
(g) 
Special requirements for recreational vehicles. Within any identified floodplain area, recreational vehicles shall be prohibited. If a variance is obtained in accordance with the required criteria, then the following provisions apply:
[1] 
Recreational vehicles in Zones A, A1-30, AH and AE must either:
[a] 
Be on the site for fewer than 180 consecutive days; and
[b] 
Be fully licensed and ready for highway use; or
[c] 
Meet the permit requirements for manufactured homes.
(6) 
Prohibited activities.
(a) 
General. In accordance with the administrative regulations promulgated by the Department of Community and Economic Development to implement the Pennsylvania Flood Plain Management Act,[9] the following activities shall be prohibited within any identified floodplain area:
[1] 
The commencement of any of the following activities; or the construction, enlargement, or expansion of any structure used, or intended to be used, for any of the following activities:
[a] 
Hospitals.
[b] 
Nursing homes.
[c] 
Jails or prisons.
[2] 
The commencement of, or any construction of, a new manufactured home park or manufactured home subdivision, or substantial improvement to an existing manufactured home park or manufactured home subdivision.
[9]
Editor's Note: See 32 P.S. § 679.101 et seq.
(7) 
Existing structures in identified floodplain areas.
(a) 
Existing structures. The provisions of this Subsection B do not require any changes or improvements to be made to lawfully existing structures. However, when an improvement is made to any existing structure, the following provisions regarding improvements shall apply.
(b) 
Improvements. The following provisions shall apply whenever any improvement is made to an existing structure located within any identified floodplain area:
[1] 
No expansion or enlargement of an existing structure shall be allowed within any identified floodplain area that would cause any increase in BFE.
[2] 
Any modification, alteration, reconstruction, or improvement of any kind to an existing structure to an extent or amount of 50% or more of its market value shall constitute a substantial improvement and shall be undertaken only in full compliance with the provisions of this Subsection B.
[3] 
The above activity shall also address the requirements of the 34 Pa. Code, as amended, and the 2009 IBC and the 2009 IRC, or most recent revision thereof as adopted by the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania.
[4] 
Within any Floodway Area/District, no new construction or development shall be allowed unless the appropriate permit is obtained from the Department of Environmental Protection's regional office.
[5] 
Within any AE Area/District without floodway, no new construction or development shall be located within the area measured 50 feet landward from the top-of-bank of any watercourse unless the appropriate permit is obtained from the Department of Environmental Protection's regional office.
[6] 
Any modification, alteration, reconstruction, or improvement of any kind that meets the definition of "cumulative substantial damage" shall be undertaken only in full compliance with the provisions of this Subsection B.
(8) 
Variances.
(a) 
General. If compliance with any of the requirements of this Subsection B would result in an exceptional hardship to a prospective builder, developer or landowner, the Township Zoning Hearing Board may, upon request, grant relief from the strict application of the requirements.
(b) 
Variance procedures and conditions.
[1] 
No variance shall be granted within any identified floodplain area that would cause any increase in BFE. Additionally, no variance shall be granted for a proposed accessory structure that exceeds 600 square feet in size. If a variance is granted for a proposed accessory structure that is in excess of 200 square feet (but which is not allowed to exceed 600 square feet), a signed nonconversion agreement is required as a condition of receiving the variance.
[Amended 9-19-2017 by Ord. No. 129-D-2017]
[2] 
Notwithstanding any of the above, however, all structures shall be designed and constructed so as to have the capability of resisting the one-percent-annual-chance flood.
(9) 
Definitions.
(a) 
General. Unless specifically defined below, words and phrases used in this Subsection B shall be interpreted so as to give this Subsection B its most reasonable application.
(b) 
Specific definitions. As used in this section, the following terms shall have the meanings indicated:
ACCESSORY USE OR STRUCTURE
A use or structure on the same lot with, and of a nature customarily incidental and subordinate to, the principal use or structure.
BASE FLOOD
A flood which has a one-percent-chance of being equaled or exceeded in any given year (also called the "one-hundred-year flood" of the "one-percent-annual-chance flood").
BASE FLOOD DISCHARGE
The volume of water resulting from a base flood as it passes a given location within a given time, usually expressed in cubic feet per second (cfs).
BASE FLOOD ELEVATION (BFE)
The elevation shown on the Flood Insurance Rate Map (FIRM) for Zones AE, AH, A1-30 that indicates the water surface elevation resulting from a flood that has a one-percent-or-greater chance of being equaled or exceeded in any given year.
BASEMENT
Any area of the building having its floor below ground level on all sides.
BUILDING
A combination of materials to form a permanent structure having walls and a roof. Included shall be all manufactured homes and trailers to be used for human habitation.
CUMULATIVE SUBSTANTIAL DAMAGE
Flood-related damages sustained by a structure on two or more separate occasions during a ten-year period for which the cost of repairs at the time of each such flood event, on average, equals or exceeds 25% of the market value of the structure before the damages occurred.
DECLARATION OF LAND RESTRICTION (NONCONVERSION AGREEMENT)
A form signed by the property owner to agree not to convert or modify in any manner that is inconsistent with the terms of the permit and these regulations certain enclosures below the lowest floor of elevated buildings and certain accessory structures. The form requires the owner to record it on the property deed to inform future owners of the restrictions.
DEVELOPMENT
Any man-made change to improved or unimproved real estate, including, but not limited to, the construction, reconstruction, renovation, repair, expansion, or alteration of buildings or other structures; the placement of manufactured homes; streets, and other paving; utilities; filling, grading and excavation; mining; dredging; drilling operations; storage of equipment or materials; and the subdivision of land.
EXISTING MANUFACTURED HOME PARK OR SUBDIVISION
A manufactured home park or subdivision for which the construction of facilities for servicing the lots on which the manufactured homes are to be affixed (including, at a minimum, the installation of utilities, the construction of streets, and either final site grading or the pouring of concrete pads) is completed before the effective date of the floodplain management regulations adopted by a community.
EXPANSION TO AN EXISTING MANUFACTURED HOME PARK OR SUBDIVISION
The preparation of additional sites by the construction of facilities for servicing the lots on which the manufactured homes are to be affixed (including the installation of utilities, the construction of streets, and either final site grading or the pouring of concrete pads).
FLOOD
A temporary inundation of normally dry land areas.
FLOOD INSURANCE RATE MAP (FIRM)
The official map on which the Federal Emergency Management Agency has delineated both the areas of special flood hazards and the risk premium zones applicable to the community.
FLOOD INSURANCE STUDY (FIS)
The official report provided by the Federal Emergency Management Agency that includes flood profiles, the Flood Insurance Rate Map, the Flood Boundary and Floodway Map, and the water surface elevation of the base flood.
FLOODPLAIN AREA
A relatively flat or lowland area which is subject to partial or complete inundation from an adjoining or nearby stream, river or watercourse; and/or any area subject to the unusual and rapid accumulation of surface waters from any source.
FLOODPROOFING
Any combination of structural and nonstructural additions, changes, or adjustments to structures which reduce or eliminate flood damage to real estate or improved real property, water and sanitary facilities, structures and their contents.
FLOODWAY
The channel of a river or other watercourse and the adjacent land areas that must be reserved in order to discharge the base flood without cumulatively increasing the water surface elevation more than one foot.
HIGHEST ADJACENT GRADE
The highest natural elevation of the ground surface prior to construction next to the proposed walls of a structure.
HISTORIC STRUCTURES
Any structure that is:
[1] 
Listed individually on the National Register of Historic Places (a listing maintained by the Department of the Interior) or preliminarily determined by the Secretary of the Interior as meeting the requirements for individual listing on the National Register;
[2] 
Certified or preliminarily determined by the Secretary of the Interior as contributing to the historical significance of a registered historic district or a district preliminarily determined by the Secretary to qualify as a registered historic district;
[3] 
Individually listed on a State Inventory of Historic Places in states which have been approved by the Secretary of the Interior; or
[4] 
Individually listed on a local inventory of historic places in communities with historic preservation programs that have been certified either:
[a] 
By an approved state program as determined by the Secretary of the Interior; or
[b] 
Directly by the Secretary of the Interior in states without approved programs.
IDENTIFIED FLOODPLAIN AREA
This term is an umbrella term that includes all of the areas within which the community has selected to enforce floodplain regulations. It will always include the area identified as the Special Flood Hazard Area on the Flood Insurance Rate Maps and Flood Insurance Study, but may include additional areas identified by the community.
LOWEST FLOOR
The lowest floor of the lowest fully enclosed area (including the basement). An unfinished, flood-resistant, partially enclosed area used solely for parking of vehicles, building access, and incidental storage in an area other than a basement area is not considered the lowest floor of a building, provided that such space is not designed and built so that the structure is in violation of the applicable nonelevation design requirements of this Subsection B.
MANUFACTURED HOME
A structure, transportable in one or more sections, which is built on a permanent chassis, and is designed for use with or without a permanent foundation when attached to the required utilities. The term includes park trailers, travel trailers, recreational and other similar vehicles which are placed on a site for more than 180 consecutive days.
MANUFACTURED HOME PARK OR SUBDIVISION
A parcel (or contiguous parcels) of land divided into two or more manufactured home lots for rent or sale.
NEW CONSTRUCTION
Structures for which the start of construction commenced on or after the effective start date of this floodplain management ordinance and includes any subsequent improvements to such structures. Any construction started after July 5, 1977, and before the effective start date of this Subsection B is subject to the ordinance in effect at the time the permit was issued, provided the start of construction was within 180 days of permit issuance.
NEW MANUFACTURED HOME PARK OR SUBDIVISION
A manufactured home park or subdivision for which the construction of facilities for servicing the lots on which the manufactured homes are to be affixed (including, at a minimum, the installation of utilities, the construction of streets, and either final site grading or the pouring of concrete pads) is completed on or after the effective date of floodplain management regulations adopted by a community.
PERSON
An individual, partnership, public or private association or corporation, firm, trust, estate, municipality, governmental unit, public utility or any other legal entity whatsoever, which is recognized by law as the subject of rights and duties.
POST-FIRM STRUCTURE
A structure for which construction or substantial improvement occurred after December 31, 1974, or on or after the community's initial Flood Insurance Rate Map (FIRM) dated July 5, 1977, whichever is later, and, as such, would be required to be compliant with the regulations of the National Flood Insurance Program.
PRE-FIRM STRUCTURE
A structure for which construction or substantial improvement occurred on or before December 31, 1974, or before the community's initial Flood Insurance Rate Map (FIRM) dated July 5, 1977, whichever is later, and, as such, would not be required to be compliant with the regulations of the National Flood Insurance Program.
RECREATIONAL VEHICLE
A vehicle which is:
[1] 
Built on a single chassis;
[2] 
Not more than 400 square feet, measured at the largest horizontal projections;
[3] 
Designed to be self-propelled or permanently towable by a light-duty truck;
[4] 
Not designed for use as a permanent dwelling but as temporary living quarters for recreational, camping, travel, or seasonal use.
REGULATORY FLOOD ELEVATION
The base flood elevation (BFE) or estimated flood height as determined using simplified methods plus a freeboard safety factor of 1 1/2 feet. The freeboard safety factor also applies to utilities and ductwork.
SPECIAL FLOOD HAZARD AREA (SFHA)
An area in the floodplain subject to a one-percent-or-greater-chance of flooding in any given year. It is shown on the FIRM as Zone A, AO, A1-A30, AE, A99, or AH.
START OF CONSTRUCTION
Includes substantial improvement and other proposed new development and means the date the permit was issued, provided the actual start of construction, repair, reconstruction, rehabilitation, addition, placement, or other improvement was within 180 days after the date of the permit and shall be completed within 12 months after the date of issuance of the permit unless a time extension is granted, in writing, by the Floodplain Administrator. The "actual start" means either the first placement of permanent construction of a structure on a site, such as the pouring of slab or footings, the installation of piles, the construction of columns, or any work beyond the stage of excavation; or the placement of a manufactured home on a foundation. Permanent construction does not include land preparation, such as clearing, grading, and filling; nor does it include the installation of streets and walkways; nor does it include excavation for a basement, footings, piers, or foundations or the erection of temporary forms; nor does it include the installation on the property of accessory buildings, such as garages or sheds not occupied as dwelling units or not part of the main structure. For a substantial improvement, the "actual start of construction" means the first alteration of any wall, ceiling, floor, or other structural part of a building, whether or not that alteration affects the external dimensions of the building.
STRUCTURE
A walled and roofed building, including a gas or liquid storage tank that is principally above ground, as well as a manufactured home.
SUBDIVISION
The division or redivision of a lot, tract, or parcel of land by any means into two or more lots, tracts, parcels or other divisions of land, including changes in existing lot lines for the purpose, whether immediate or future, of lease, partition by the court for distribution to heirs, or devisees, transfer of ownership or building or lot development; provided, however, that the subdivision by lease of land for agricultural purposes into parcels of more than 10 acres, not involving any new street or easement of access or any residential dwelling, shall be exempted.
SUBSTANTIAL DAMAGE
Damage from any cause sustained by a structure whereby the cost of restoring the structure to its before-damaged condition would equal or 50% or more of the market value of the structure before the damage occurred.
SUBSTANTIAL IMPROVEMENT
Any reconstruction, rehabilitation, addition, or other improvement of a structure, of which the cost equals or exceeds 50% of the market value of the structure before the "start of construction" of the improvement. This term includes structures which have incurred "substantial damage" or "cumulative substantial damage" regardless of the actual repair work performed. The term does not, however, include any project for improvement of a structure to correct existing violations of state or local health, sanitary, or safety code specifications which have been identified by the local code enforcement official and which are the minimum necessary to assure safe living conditions.
UNIFORM CONSTRUCTION CODE (UCC)
The statewide building code adopted by the Pennsylvania General Assembly in 1999 applicable to new construction in all municipalities, whether administered by the municipality, a third party or the Department of Labor and Industry. Applicable to residential and commercial buildings, the Code adopted the International Residential Code (IRC) and the International Building Code (IBC), by reference, as the construction standard applicable with the state floodplain construction. For coordination purposes, references to the above are made specifically to various sections of the IRC and the IBC.
VIOLATION
The failure of a structure or other development to be fully compliant with the community's floodplain management regulations. A structure or other development without the elevation certificate, other certifications, or other evidence of compliance required in 44 CFR § 60.3(b)(5), (c)(4), (c)(10), (d)(3), (e)(2), (e)(4), or (e)(5) is presumed to be in violation until such time as that documentation is provided.
A. 
Establishment of future rights-of-way widths for streets.
(1) 
Minimum widths. Minimum rights-of-way widths as specified in Subsection A(3) shall be provided for all new streets.
(2) 
Street classifications. Streets are classified as follows:
(a) 
Expressway. Serves inter-regional and through trips with access limited to interchanges.
(b) 
Arterial street/highway. Serves moderate-to-long-distance travel with moderate to very high traffic volumes.
(c) 
Collector street. Serves short-to-moderate-distance travel at speeds usually averaging 40 mile per hour to 45 miles per hour and typically intended for 2,000 to 10,000 trips per day. These streets serve a mix of intra-regional, intermunicipal and intramunicipal trips.
(d) 
Minor or local street. Primarily serves local access for very short-distance travel with typical speeds of 15 miles per hour to 25 miles per hour and with average daily traffic typically of less than 2,000 trips per day.
(3) 
Minimum widths.
(a) 
Minimum future street rights-of-way are as follows:
Street Classification
Minimum Future Right-of-Way
(feet)
Arterial highway
100*
Collector street
80
Minor or local street
50**
*Unless another width is established by the Board of Supervisors after seeking comment from the County Planning Commission and the Pennsylvania Department of Transportation.
**The Board of Supervisors, considering comments of the Planning Commission, may require additional rights-of-way to promote public safety and convenience and/or to provide for parking in commercial and industrial areas and in areas of high density residential development.
(b) 
Minor or local streets. The right-of-way width for minor residential streets and cul-de-sac streets serving properties of an acre or more may be reduced to 40 feet by the Board of Supervisors. In exercising its discretion to reduce the right-of-way width, the Board of Supervisors shall apply those standards set forth in the Municipalities Planning Code, including but not limited to ensuring that streets in and bordering a subdivision or land development shall be coordinated and be of such widths necessary to accommodate prospective traffic, facilitate fire protection and provide adequate easements or right-of-way for drainage and utilities.
(4) 
Yard requirements for new lots on existing streets. For all new lots that abut an existing street which has a right-of-way less than that specified in Subsection A(3), the front and/or side street yard requirements shall be increased by the difference between the existing right-of-way and the right-of-way specified in Subsection A(3). It is the intention of this requirement to provide for a reasonable setback to accommodate the potential widening of the existing street.
(5) 
Dedication of future right-of-way. When it is determined that any existing street must be widened to provide land necessary for the installation and construction of improvements, including but not limited to acceleration and/or deceleration vehicular traffic lanes, sidewalks, utilities and/or similar facilities necessary to serve a subdivision or land development and required to be installed by the developer in connection therewith, the developer/landowner shall offer such land and improvements installed and constructed therein for dedication to the Township at no cost or expense to the Township. Provided, however, that nothing in this chapter shall otherwise require the forced dedication of land for additional street rights-of-way for future street widening. Provided, further, that nothing specified herein shall preclude the landowner from offering such land for dedication to the Township or other governmental entity.
(6) 
Existing streets shall be classified as follows based upon the West Chester Regional Planning Commission's 1994 Functional Classification Study:
(a) 
Expressway: Route 202.
(b) 
Arterial street: Boot Road, Paoli Pike, North Chester Road south of Paoli Pike and Route 3.
(c) 
Collector street: North Chester Road north of Paoli Pike, Greenhill Road, Airport Road, Ellis Lane and Strasburg Road.
(d) 
Minor/local street: all other existing streets.
B. 
Frontage development along arterial highways and collector streets. To encourage the sound development of frontage along arterial highways and collector streets and to minimize traffic congestion and hazard, the following special provisions shall apply:
(1) 
Off-street parking and loading.
(a) 
All areas for off-street parking, off-street loading and unloading and the storage or movement of motor vehicles shall be physically separated from the highway or street by a raised curb, planting strip, wall or other suitable barrier against unchanneled motor vehicle entrance or exit, except for necessary accessways or access roads which supply entrance to and egress from such parking, loading or storage area.
(b) 
All parking areas or lots shall be designed to prohibit vehicles from backing out on the street, and the capacity of each lot shall provide adequate storage area and distribution facilities upon the lot to prevent backup of vehicles on a public street while awaiting entry to the lot.
(c) 
Parking shall be located along the side and rear of the principal use which it serves.
(2) 
Access.
(a) 
Each use with less than 100 feet of frontage on an arterial highway or collector street shall have not more than one accessway to each such street, and no business or other use with 100 feet or more of frontage on an arterial highway or collector street shall have more than two accessways to any one street for each 300 feet of frontage.
(b) 
Where practical in the determination of the Board of Supervisors, access to parking areas shall be provided by a common driveway in order to avoid direct access to an arterial highway or collector street. A common access point for two or more uses is required wherever the Board of Supervisors determines it would be practical to minimize vehicular access points on arterial highways and collector streets.
(3) 
Large developments. This Subsection B(3) shall apply to each of the following types of development: 25 or more dwelling units, a shopping center of 25,000 square feet or greater floor area, any business or industrial park or subdivision of 20 or more acres and/or in any other case where the Board of Supervisors determines such provisions would be practical.
(a) 
All buildings shall have vehicle access upon a minor street, service road, common parking lot or similar area, and not directly upon an arterial highway or collector street.
(b) 
All points of vehicular access to and from a public street shall not be located less than 200 feet from the intersection of any public street lines with each other. A point of vehicular access, which converts a T-intersection into an intersection of two streets which cross one another shall be permitted.
(c) 
Provisions shall be made for safe and efficient ingress and egress to and from public streets and highways serving the unified development, without undue congestion to or interference with normal traffic flow within the Township.
(d) 
All streets and accessways shall conform to the specifications determined by the Township Engineer and the requirements of Chapter 205, Subdivision and Land Development. Provisions shall be made for adequate signalization, turn, standby and deceleration lanes and similar facilities where desirable.
(e) 
Two or more points of vehicular access to and from public streets serving any large development shall be provided. The internal layout of parking and the distribution of internal circulation shall be designed to minimize adverse effects on external traffic flow, increase vehicular access capacity to and from the lot, permit traffic flow when one entrance is blocked and enhance safety.
(4) 
Reverse frontage encouraged. Direct vehicular access shall be strongly discouraged onto any arterial highway or collector street. Reverse frontage is encouraged along these types of highways and streets.
C. 
Design and landscaping controls for all uses within commercial, industrial and BP Districts and for townhouses, apartments and mobile home parks.
(1) 
Landscaping.
(a) 
Any part or portion of the site which is not used for buildings, structures, loading or parking spaces and aisles, sidewalks and designated storage areas shall be planted with an all-season vegetative cover and shall be landscaped with trees and shrubs in accordance with an overall landscape plan.
(b) 
To facilitate the processing of subdivision, land development and other site plans, a plant schedule shall be prepared, giving the botanical and common names of plants to be used, the sizes to be planted, the quantity of each and spacing.
(c) 
A minimum of 5% of a parking area shall be landscaped and continually maintained as such. Planting along the perimeter of a parking area, whether for required screening or for general beautification, will not be considered as part of the 5% minimum parking area landscaping.
(d) 
In complying with the 5% landscaping requirements, the planting beds must be distributed throughout the parking areas as evenly as possible.
(e) 
The site plan must show a satisfactory method of irrigating all planted areas. This may be either by a permanent water system or by hose. Considerations in laying out these systems should be meter water pressure, pipe size and length and type of heads.
(f) 
Existing trees that are four inches or larger in caliper shall be marked and, if possible, preserved or transplanted.
(2) 
Buffer yards. Buffer yards are required to be provided as part of any new or expanded development of a principal commercial use, principal industrial use, townhouse development or apartment development along any lot line that would be contiguous to lot(s) within a residential district. Also, any outside industrial storage area visible from a lot in a residential district shall be separated by a buffer yard from such lot. All buffer yards shall comply with the following:
(a) 
The buffer yard shall be measured from the applicable district boundary line or lot line. Where a street separates the lots, then the buffer yard shall be measured from the street line. Areas within a street right-of-way shall not count towards the minimum width of a buffer yard.
(b) 
Width.
[Amended 11-16-1999 by Ord. No. 129-I-99]
[1] 
A fifty-foot-wide buffer yard shall be required, except that the minimum buffer yard width shall be increased to 100 feet for buildings constructed after the effective date of the adoption of this chapter in the I-1 or BP District when the lot abuts a residential district.
[2] 
The minimum buffer yard width shall be increased to 100 feet where a I-1 or BP District abuts any residential district whenever a new lot is created or an existing principal building is expanded by more than 10,000 square feet in total floor area.
[3] 
When approved as a conditional use, the Board of Supervisors may permit a reduction of the one-hundred-foot minimum buffer yard mandated by this § 240-27C(2) to a width of not less than 50 feet if the abutting property in any residential district is either improved with either a school, a place of worship or religious institution or is developed or approved for development as a commercial area of a planned residential development and the Board of Supervisors determines that such reduction shall not constitute or result in a violation of any other applicable design standard of the Zoning Ordinance.
(c) 
The buffer yard may overlap or be within a required side or rear yard. In case of conflict, the larger yard requirement shall apply.
(d) 
In all buffer yards, the exterior width beyond the planting screen, as described in Subsection C(3), shall be planted with grass seed, sod or other attractive vegetative ground cover and shall be maintained and kept clear of all debris, rubbish, noxious weeds and grass over 12 inches high.
(e) 
The buffer yard shall be a landscaped area free of structures, materials and vehicular parking. No driveways or streets shall be permitted in the buffer yards, except for approximately perpendicular crossings necessary for ingress or egress.
(f) 
All buffer yards shall include a completely planted visual barrier or landscape screen as described in Subsection C(3).
(3) 
Plant screening.
(a) 
Landscaped plant screening shall be provided in each buffer yard. This screening shall be composed of mostly evergreen shrubs and trees arranged to form both a low-level and a high-level screen.
(b) 
The high-level screen shall consist of a combination of evergreen and deciduous trees planted with specimens no less than eight feet in height. The low-level screen shall consist of evergreen shrubs or hedges planted at an initial height of not less than three feet and spaced at intervals of not more than five feet. The planting shall be placed in alternating rows to produce a more effective barrier and to provide space for future growth.
(c) 
The landowner and his/her successors shall maintain the screen planting and replace any plant material which does not live and which is necessary to form a complete visual screen.
(4) 
Storage and loading.
(a) 
All outdoor storage or truck loading areas shall be completely screened from view from any adjacent public street right-of-way and any residential district which is contiguous to or across the street from the storage or loading areas.
(b) 
All organic rubbish or storage shall be contained in airtight, vermin-proof containers which shall be screened from view from any public right-of-way or abutting residential district.
(c) 
Screening shall consist of architectural screening with evergreen plantings meeting the requirements for screening within a buffer yard, except that the Township may approve an architectural screen between six feet and 10 feet in height with evergreen plantings if the applicant proves that such screen would meet the same purposes as the plant screening, be attractive and be durably constructed.
(d) 
The storage of trailers, tractor-trailers or tractor-trailer combinations for more than three consecutive days within view of a public street or dwelling shall be prohibited.
(5) 
Access and traffic control.
(a) 
All entranceways to any public street shall be located at least 200 feet from the intersection of any street center lines and shall be designed in a manner conducive to safe ingress and egress.
(b) 
Where practical, exits shall be located on less-heavily traveled streets.
(c) 
The developer shall be responsible to install and pay for any traffic control devices, widening of abutting streets or construction of acceleration/deceleration lanes or other improvements required by PADOT or determined by the Board of Supervisors to be necessary for the reasonable ingress and egress to the development.
(d) 
All improvements shall meet PADOT standards.
(6) 
Interior circulation.
(a) 
Interior drives and drive-through lanes shall be designed so as to prevent blockage of vehicles entering or leaving the site. Drives may be one-way or two-way, with any one-way drives being clearly marked.
(b) 
Except as otherwise provided in this chapter, areas provided for loading and unloading of delivery trucks and other vehicles and for the servicing of shops by refuse collection, fuel and other service vehicles shall be adequate in size and shall be so arranged that they may be used without blockage or interference with the use of accessways or automobile parking facilities.
(7) 
Lighting.
(a) 
The parking, loading, ingress and egress areas of any zoning district shall be provided with sufficient lighting for security purposes.
(b) 
All lighting shall be completely shielded and/or covered by an appropriate translucent cover to prevent the light source from being directly visible from streets and dwellings.
(c) 
See glare provisions in § 240-24.
(8) 
Shopping cart storage. Any establishment which furnishes carts or mobile baskets as an adjunct to shopping shall provide semienclosed areas within parking areas for the storage of said carts. Each storage area shall be clearly marked for the storage of shopping carts.
D. 
Design and landscaping controls for residential districts.
(1) 
Landscaping. Any residential subdivision or land development shall give careful attention to providing attractive landscaping. The developer shall submit an overall landscape plan for all subdivisions or land developments. The landscape plan shall be prepared in accordance with Chapter 205, Subdivision and Land Development.
(2) 
Access and traffic control.
(a) 
All streets and driveways entering onto any public street shall be located at least 60 feet from the intersection of any street center line and shall be designed in a manner conducive to safe ingress and egress. Where practical, exits shall be located on less heavily traveled streets (such as minor streets rather than arterial or collector streets).
(b) 
The developer shall be responsible to install and pay for any traffic control devices, widening of abutting streets or construction of acceleration/deceleration lanes or other improvements required by PADOT or determined by the Board of Supervisors to be necessary for the reasonable ingress and egress to the development.
E. 
Design controls for industrial and business park districts.
(1) 
Purpose of this section. The purpose of this section is to recognize the need for well-designed industrial and business park districts that are compatible with the character of existing developments within the Township; to recognize the humanistic needs of the users and employees relative to the organization and arrangement of outdoor spaces; and further, to recognize the industrial and business park districts adjacent to residential districts which necessitate design controls to maintain, preserve and protect property values and the character of residential properties and neighborhoods.
(2) 
A sketch plan submission is very strongly encouraged prior to the submission of formal preliminary plans. The developer, in addition to complying with the requirements of Chapter 205, Subdivision and Land Development, shall file site and architectural design plans reflecting the following criteria:
(a) 
The proposed development shall be designed and constructed in accordance with building and site plans and elevations of all facades that will produce an overall architectural and landscaping theme. Each building shall be designed to blend with the existing development and architectural character of the neighborhood and community and shall minimize external evidence of the nature of any industrial types of operations conducted therein.
(3) 
Proposed buildings shall be compatible with adjacent buildings and shall relate in a harmonious manner concerning size, materials and color.
(4) 
Proposed buildings shall not have large unbroken external walls, but shall vary in plan and in height so as to result in attractive, well-planned and well-designed structures that are compatible with existing buildings and uses on and adjacent to the site. These varying building planes shall be required for all walls facing public or private streets and zoning district boundaries.
(5) 
The exterior facades of all buildings shall be finished in decorative masonry, brick, stone, glass or equivalent construction.
(6) 
Building accent lighting shall consider the effect of the lighting on building occupants and neighbors. Light sources shall be screened. Landscape accent lighting, including up-lighting for trees and buildings and low down lights, shall be of low intensity and shall be designed to prevent shadows or glare on adjacent public ways.
(7) 
Pedestrian lighting shall illuminate walkways either from low-level accent lights or uniform height (10 feet to 12 feet) light standards which clearly and safely identify the circulation path.
(8) 
Architectural lighting shall complement the building elements in a functional manner, and the design of street and pedestrian lighting shall be coordinated throughout the site. The quality of lighting, including color, intensity and shielding of sources shall be deemed an integral part of the overall plan design.
(9) 
All business uses shall be carried on in completely enclosed buildings. Storage may be permitted outdoors only if such storage is effectively screened by a decorative masonry wall or evergreen landscaping as outlined by Subsection C(3). In addition, all applicable general performance standards (§ 240-24) and environmental protection requirements (§ 240-25) shall apply.
(10) 
Buildings and building groups shall be designed, planned and constructed to promote the human use of a site through the provision of integrated pedestrian and vehicle circulation systems and the provision of attractive outdoor areas for the use of employees during their lunchtime and breaks. The provision of child day-care facilities and outdoor recreation facilities such as a ball field, picnic areas, pathways and walkways are strongly encouraged.
(11) 
Pathways and walkways shall be provided to link building entrances, any open spaces, other pathways and walkways and nearby pedestrian destinations to the maximum extent possible.
(12) 
Industrial and business parks shall be physically organized to create a campus type of development of buildings and building groups placed in a unified manner to create usable outdoor open spaces for employees, such as courtyards and outdoor lunch areas.
(13) 
Scenic and natural resources of the tract and historic buildings shall be protected.
(14) 
Buildings, building groups and related outdoor spaces shall be designed to promote visual interest, usable attractive outdoor spaces, attractive vistas and focal points and architectural and landscape themes. These objectives shall be achieved through the effective siting of structures and plant materials and the careful integration of grading.
(15) 
Additional submission requirements. All required preliminary and final plans and any accompanying elevations, sections and diagrams shall address the following:
(a) 
The developer shall submit plans and/or documentation demonstrating compliance with the requirements of Subsection E. This shall include, but not be limited to, how the proposed features will assist in creating a campus style of development and how pedestrian amenities, features to add visual interest and features to ensure compatibility with adjacent development will be used.
(b) 
All site plans shall be prepared by a registered design professional(s) with demonstrated experience in land development engineering, landscape architecture and the relationship of architecture to the site design.
(c) 
Such plans shall be offered for review by the Planning Commission and the Township Conservancy Board prior to action by the Board of Supervisors.
(16) 
All plans of and development within business and industrial parks shall comply with the applicable general performance standards in § 240-24, the environmental protection requirements in § 240-25 and the design standards in this section.
F. 
Restrictions and covenants. If the applicant is proposing restrictions, easements and/or covenants for the development, they shall be submitted to the Township for review prior to approval of the final development plans.
G. 
Performance standards for the I-2 District.
(1) 
Traffic control.
(a) 
Any change in use on the land or in an existing building or any expansion or modification of an existing building not already depicted in a previously approved land development application that may result in additional peak-hour traffic[1] or any application for land development shall be accompanied by a traffic study prepared in accordance with Chapter 205, Subdivision and Land Development, as amended. Such study may incorporate a plan or narrative which establishes the promotion of flexible employee time requirements, carpooling and other traffic demand management techniques designed to reduce/control the site entrance trip generation. If an applicant chooses to utilize traffic demand management techniques, the required traffic study must incorporate a plan or narrative establishing how said techniques will be implemented. The narrative shall state the minimum number of years during which the techniques will be used.
[1]
Editor's Note: The Board of Supervisors may, upon request of the applicant, waive the requirement of this Subsection G(1)(a) in conjunction with a building expansion or modification where it appears that said expansion or modification will have little, if any, impact on peak hour traffic.
(b) 
The maximum number of a.m. or p.m. peak hour trips from all site entrances shall not exceed 3,500. It shall be demonstrated that, according to the most current edition of the Trip Generation Manual of the Institute of Transportation Engineers (ITE) and any traffic demand management techniques presented as part of the traffic study, that the maximum combined number of projected trips occurring at all site entrances during the a.m. or p.m. peak hours shall be limited to not more than 3,500 trips. The applicant shall have the option of submitting a trip generation study based upon comparable use(s) at another site(s) mutually agreed upon by the applicant and Township if:
[1] 
The Institute of Transportation Engineers (ITE) trip generation statistics for the proposed use are not available; or
[2] 
A facility exists that would more accurately reflect anticipated trip generation for the proposed land development(s).
(c) 
It is understood that projected trips generated for a use(s) as set forth in the required traffic study are estimates, and all determinations of compliance with the trip limitations contained in this chapter shall be based upon actual traffic counts (subject to mutually accepted adjustment for partially completed land developments) as provided hereinabove. Therefore, no conditions shall be imposed upon a land development which limit the number of trips to those estimated for a particular use(s) unless the estimate(s) of trips generated for said proposed use(s) would cause a violation of Subsection G(1)(b).
(d) 
Site entrances, to the extent environmentally and economically feasible, shall be provided directly onto Paoli Pike. Site entrances onto East Boot Road or Line Road shall be limited as follows:
[1] 
A total of two site entrances shall be permitted on East Boot Road, neither of which may be located east of the intersection of East Boot Road and Thorncroft Drive, and such entrances shall be channeled to direct and receive traffic from North Chester Road.
[2] 
A total of three site entrances shall be permitted on Line Road. Any site entrance(s) serving more than one lot shall be channeled to direct and receive site traffic from Paoli Pike.
(2) 
(Reserved)[2]
[2]
Editor's Note: Former Subsection G(2), regarding Supplemental sign regulations, as amended, was repealed 2-22-2005 by Ord. No. 129-A-05.
(3) 
Environmental hazards. Any use with the potential of creating an environmental or genetic hazard shall be strictly regulated in accordance with applicable state and federal regulations and subject to all provisions set forth in § 240-24 herein.
(4) 
Enclosures. Except for agricultural uses, activities in this district shall be conducted in completely enclosed buildings. Storage may be permitted outside a building, only if such storage is effectively screened from view from outside of the I-2 District by a decorative masonry wall and/or landscape screening. If landscape screening is used, it shall have an initial height, when planted, of six feet and shall in no case be lower than items being stored in the enclosure. If the screen is other than living landscaped materials, its maximum height shall not exceed 10 feet.
(5) 
Rooftop structures. All rooftop structures, including mechanical devices, except for antennae, shall be in accordance with Subsection C(1) and shall be totally surrounded by a component of the building structure which is compatible in design and materials with the building walls and at least equal in height to the structure or mechanical devices.
(6) 
Landscaping controls shall be in accordance with Subsection C(1).
(7) 
Design controls shall be in accordance with Subsection E.
A. 
Specific intent. The single-family cluster development provisions are intended to serve the following objectives, in addition to the goals and objectives stated in the Comprehensive Plan and in §§ 240-3 and 240-7:
(1) 
To provide optional regulations to encourage high-quality lot layouts, site planning and landscaping design.
(2) 
To reduce area and dimensional specifications under this section only as a means for residential developers to improve the feasibility of creating attractive and usable open space, preserve desirable natural features and provide attractive and practical designs in lot layout, street alignment and building orientation.
(3) 
To provide for needed active and passive recreation areas to complement natural open spaces and to preserve environmental resources, such as flood-prone areas and wetlands.
(4) 
To limit development on steep slopes, protect surface and groundwater quality and encourage groundwater recharge.
(5) 
To promote the preservation of significant historical sites and structures and to protect the character of these features by encouraging the provision of open space around them.
(6) 
To promote high-quality land planning, including:
(a) 
Careful site analysis of the natural landscape.
(b) 
Sensitive design to make pedestrian and vehicle circulation useful, safe and environmentally sound.
(c) 
Sensitive, attractive and functional layout of lots and buildings.
(d) 
Provision of extensive attractive landscaping.
(7) 
To seek to protect the scenic beauty of the Township, including scenic roads.
(8) 
To encourage development to be directed towards the most suitable portions of a tract.
(9) 
See illustrations in Sketch I in the Appendix.
B. 
Overall cluster standards.
(1) 
Any single-family cluster development shall meet the regulations of this section.
(2) 
Single-family cluster developments shall only be permitted where specifically listed as permitted in the applicable zoning district regulations.
(3) 
The general standards in § 240-31C for a conditional use shall apply to a single-family cluster development.
C. 
Minimum tract area and maximum density for cluster development. The following regulations shall be observed:
(1) 
The tract of land shall be in single and separate ownership or filed jointly by the owners of the entire tract and shall contain a minimum of 20 contiguous acres.
(2) 
Each lot used as a dwelling site shall be served by a centralized public water supply system and a centralized sewage disposal system.
(3) 
The percentage of common open space shall be as required in Subsection D, and in no case shall the common open space include less than eight acres, except that the Board of Supervisors, in its sole discretion, may permit a development to have less than eight acres of common open space if the common open space would abut existing common open space.
(4) 
In the R-2 and I-2 Districts, in no case shall the total number of dwelling units exceed the total number of acres in the cluster development.
D. 
Area and bulk regulations for cluster development. The following reduced area and bulk regulations shall apply to single-family detached dwellings in an approved single-family cluster development. All utilities shall be provided underground.
(1) 
R-2 or I-2 District - Option 1:
(a) 
Lot area: 25,000 square feet minimum.
(b) 
Lot width at building setback line: 115 feet minimum. (NOTE: If the record plans clearly state that a minimum fifty-foot front yard building setback will apply for a lot, then the required lot width for that lot may be met at such fifty-foot setback instead of the thirty-five-foot minimum setback.)
(c) 
Common open space: A minimum of 40% of the area of the tract.
(2) 
R-2 or I-2 District - Option 2:
(a) 
Lot area: 20,000 square feet minimum.
(b) 
Lot width at building setback line: 110 feet minimum. (NOTE: If the record plans clearly state that a minimum fifty-foot front yard building setback will apply for a lot, then the required lot width for that lot may be met at such fifty-foot setback instead of the thirty-five-foot minimum setback.)
(c) 
Common open space: A minimum of 50% of the area of the tract.
(3) 
R-2 or I-2 District - provisions applying to Options 1 and 2:
(a) 
Lot width at street line: 40 feet minimum.
(b) 
Side yards: 20 feet minimum each side.
(c) 
Rear yard: 35 feet minimum.
(d) 
Front yard building setback line: 35 feet minimum.
(e) 
Building height: three stories/30 feet maximum.
(f) 
Impervious coverage per lot: 30% maximum.
(g) 
Building coverage per lot: 20% maximum.
(4) 
R-4 District:
(a) 
Lot area: 9,000 square feet minimum.
(b) 
Lot width at building setback line: 80 feet minimum.
(c) 
Common open space: A minimum of 30% of the total lot area of the tract.
(d) 
Lot width at street line: 40 feet minimum.
(e) 
Side yards: 10 feet minimum each side.
(f) 
Rear yard: 20 feet minimum.
(g) 
Front yard building setback line: 30 feet minimum.
(h) 
Building height: three stories/30 feet maximum.
(i) 
Impervious coverage per lot: 40% maximum.
(j) 
Building coverage per lot: 30% maximum.
E. 
Cluster uses. A single-family cluster development shall only include the following uses: single-family detached dwellings, noncommercial outdoor recreation uses, publicly owned recreation uses and the same accessory uses as are listed as permitted in § 240-9E.
F. 
Cluster open space regulations.
(1) 
Use and maintenance. All land held for open space shall be so designated on the plans. The plans shall contain the following statement: "open space land may not be separately sold nor shall such land be further developed or subdivided." The subdivision or land development plans shall further designate the use of open space, the type of maintenance to be provided and a planting plan or schedule. In designating use and maintenance, the following classes should be used:
(a) 
Lawn. A grass area with or without trees which may be used by the residents for a variety of purposes and which shall be mowed regularly to ensure a neat and tidy appearance.
(b) 
Natural area. An area of natural vegetation undisturbed during construction, or replanted, may contain pathways. Meadows shall be maintained as such and not left to become weed-infested. Maintenance may be minimal but shall prevent the proliferation of weeds and undesirable plants. Trash and construction debris shall be removed, and streams shall be kept in free-flowing condition.
(c) 
Recreation area. An area designated for a specific recreation use, including but not limited to tennis, swimming, shuffleboard, playfield and tot lot. Such areas shall be maintained so as to avoid creating a hazard or nuisance, and shall perpetuate the proposed use.
(d) 
Planting area. An area created for purposes of hedgerow replacement, buffer planting area and/or plant screening.
(2) 
Ownership of open space. All required common open spaces shall be protected by a conservation easement in perpetuity, with the Board of Supervisors, at a minimum, provided with the authority to enforce such easement. Ownership for the open space area shall be by any of the following procedures, provided that the legal mechanisms for such proper ownership and maintenance are acceptable to the Board of Supervisors, based upon review by the Township Solicitor:
(a) 
Ownership by the Township. The Board of Supervisors may, at its option, now or in the future, voluntarily accept the dedication of all or part of the common open space.
(b) 
Ownership by a nature organization. The sale, lease or other disposition of open space to an established lawfully incorporated nonprofit nature conservation organization acceptable to the Board of Supervisors or to a homeowner's association to be incorporated in a form acceptable to the Board of Supervisors. Such organization shall be chartered under the laws of Pennsylvania to administer and maintain the land and facilities, subject to an acceptable deed restriction or conservation easement in perpetuity. The eventual disposition of said open space shall be limited to the purposes stated in the article of incorporation.
(c) 
Ownership by individuals. The inclusion of the open space in the deed description of the individual purchasers or subdivision, subject to an acceptable deed restriction or conservation easement in perpetuity limiting the eventual disposition of said open space for the purposes outlined in the plan submitted to the Township Supervisors.
[1] 
Such private ownership shall only be permitted if the applicant proves that it is the most reasonable and responsible method of ensuring protection, ownership, maintenance and funding of the common open space.
[2] 
Access rights shall be guaranteed for all residents within the development.
(d) 
Other methods. Such other method that the applicant proves to the full satisfaction of the Board of Supervisors will ensure proper protection, ownership, maintenance and funding of the common open space.
(3) 
Planting and recreation facilities within common open space areas. The developer shall provide designated planting and areas suitable for active or passive recreation within open-space areas. A performance bond or other securities shall be required to cover the cost of installation in accordance with provisions of Chapter 205, Subdivision and Land Development. The use of species of vegetation that are native to the area is encouraged.
(4) 
Determination of open space areas. The applicant shall recognize that the Township encourages that the following resources and conditions, as applicable, be carefully and appropriately considered in determining which areas are to be set aside as common open space:
(a) 
Flood-prone areas, wetlands, watercourses, ponds and creek valleys.
(b) 
Concentrations of slopes of 15% or steeper.
(c) 
Woodlands and forested areas.
(d) 
Areas proposed as greenways or recreation areas or other applicable recommendations in the Township Comprehensive Plan and/or open space, recreation and environmental resources plan.
(e) 
Historic buildings and sites,
(f) 
Land within 100 feet of the perimeter of the tract, as described in Subsection F(7) below.
(g) 
Lands highly suitable for recreational purposes.
(h) 
Scenic areas and vistas and other highly visible views.
(i) 
How the common open space will relate to the objectives of a single-family detached cluster development.
(5) 
Common open space design standards.
(a) 
No individual area of the common open space shall be less than one acre in size and no area of common open space shall be less than 50 feet in width. The common open space shall be made up of the minimum number of separate areas possible, it being the specific intention of this provision to require that a single-family cluster development contain a small number of large areas of common open space as opposed to numerous small areas of common open space.
(b) 
If the Board of Supervisors determines that a tract includes an appropriate location for active recreation, then a minimum of 20% of the minimum required common open space shall be made suitable for active recreation. Such areas shall include a maximum slope of 6% and not be wetlands.
(c) 
The applicant shall show that the common open space will or shall be conveniently accessible to the residents of homes intended to be served by it. The common open space shall be clearly delineated on development plans.
(d) 
Common open spaces shall be coordinated with other nearby existing, proposed or potential common open spaces or parks, either through being contiguous or through safe, pedestrian/wildlife connections whenever possible. Where a single-family cluster development would abut an undeveloped tract and/or a future development phase, the proposed common open space shall be located in consideration of the potential to eventually link together open space on the two tracts or phases.
[Amended 3-18-2003 by Ord. No. 129-D-03]
(e) 
The proposed common open spaces shall be accurately and clearly delineated on the layout plan. The intended class of each area of open space shall be stated, which should follow the categories listed in Subsection F(1).
(f) 
Common open space areas that are not already wooded and are not approved as lawn, natural areas or recreation areas shall be attractively and extensively landscaped, according to a plan approved by the Board of Supervisors.
(g) 
Common open space shall have appropriate access for needed maintenance.
(h) 
Any common open space required by this section shall be in addition to any open space that may be required by any other applicable provision of a Township ordinance.
(6) 
Common open space calculation. The following land areas shall not be permitted to be counted towards the minimum required common open space within single-family cluster developments:
(a) 
Rights-of-way or easements, including overhead electric transmission lines of 35 kilovolts or higher capacity.
(b) 
Stormwater management facilities, but no more than 10% of the required common open space may be so used.
(c) 
Public or private streets, existing or proposed street rights-of-way, roads, parking aisles and parking spaces, except parking spaces clearly intended to primarily serve recreation uses within the common open space.
(d) 
Yards, setbacks and minimum lot areas for existing or proposed dwelling units.
(7) 
Perimeter of tract. Land within up to 100 feet of the perimeter of the tract may be considered acceptable by the Board of Supervisors as part or all of the required common open space, regardless of the natural features of the land, if the Board of Supervisors finds that such open space is needed to buffer homes from a major road or business uses or would best protect the character of a highly scenic or historic area. In place of a one-hundred-foot-wide buffer, consideration should be given to a fifty-foot-wide buffer with a landscaped earth berm with maximum side slopes of 3 to 1. A "berm" shall be defined as an area of elevated earth designed to provide at least a partial visual barrier.
G. 
Additional objectives for evaluating cluster development. The following design objectives shall be mandatory for single-family cluster developments:
(1) 
The conservation of woodlands and forests, and the preservation of large healthy specimen trees (which may require use of tree wells where needed).
(2) 
The relationship of the development to the objectives stated in Subsection A.
(3) 
The provision of attractive and extensive landscaping, which may include deed restrictions requiring lot owners to provide certain levels of landscaping, in addition to landscaping of the common open space.
(4) 
The minimizing of regrading of steep slope areas.
(5) 
The protection of creek valleys, wetlands and important aquatic and wildlife habitats.
(6) 
The preservation of important historic buildings.
(7) 
The provision of pedestrian trails to connect common open spaces with homes and any other nearby destinations.
(8) 
The site planning of the site to minimize the visual intrusion of the development as viewed from highly scenic roads and highly scenic vistas.
Planned apartment development regulations applicable to R-4, R-5 and C-4 Districts.
A. 
Specific intent. The intent of this section is to provide regulations that encourage well-planned and well-designed apartment developments appropriate to the district and in harmony with adjacent existing development.
B. 
Applicability. This section shall apply to any apartment development.
C. 
Apartment standards. The following standards shall be observed:
(1) 
Central water and sewer. All apartments shall be serviced by centralized water and centralized sewage disposal systems.
(2) 
Underground utilities. All utilities shall be placed underground.
(3) 
Minimum lot area. Apartment developments shall provide a lot area of at least four acres and a minimum average of 3,000 square feet of lot area per dwelling unit on the lot.
(4) 
Maximum building coverage. The maximum building coverage shall be 20% and the maximum impervious surface coverage shall be 40%.
(5) 
Setbacks. All principal buildings shall be at least 50 feet from all street right-of-way lines and property lines. Garages shall be at least five feet from all side and rear property lines and at least 50 feet from all street right-of-way lines.
(6) 
Maximum height. Maximum height of all buildings shall not exceed 45 feet. Buildings shall not exceed three stories.
[Amended 5-15-2012 by Ord. No. 129-D-2012]
(7) 
Building separations. Each building with three or fewer stories shall:
(a) 
Have a maximum length of each wall of 100 feet in horizontal length.
(b) 
Be separated from each other building by at least 25 feet.
(c) 
Be separated from each other building by at least 1.5 times the height of the tallest building.
(8) 
Maximum dwelling unit size. No dwelling unit within an apartment development shall contain more than two bedrooms, and no more than 40% of the total number of dwelling units shall contain two bedrooms.
(9) 
Building location, orientation and design. The location, orientation and design of all buildings should give consideration for site terrain and other natural features and conform with site design principles outlined in the Township Comprehensive Plan.
(10) 
Recreation/open spaces. One or more recreation/common open spaces (each with a minimum area of 2,500 square feet) shall be provided, whose total area equals at least 200 square feet per dwelling unit. All recreation/common open spaces shall be located in areas suitable for outdoor active or passive recreation (such as outdoor relaxation, walking and/or gardening). Only recreation spaces at least 20 feet from any building shall count towards the minimum required recreation/common open space. The types of recreation areas shall relate to the expected breakdown of ages of residents of the units.
(11) 
Driveways. The following minimum cartway widths shall be provided for any driveway within an apartment development:
Function
Minimum Cartway
Width
(feet)
One-way traffic, no parking
9
Two-way traffic, no parking
18
One-way traffic, parallel parking on one side
18
Two-way traffic, parallel parking on one side
27
Two-way traffic, parallel parking on two sides
34
(12) 
Off-street parking. The off-street parking requirements of § 240-33 shall be complied with.
D. 
Convenience commercial within an apartment development.
(1) 
The following uses, not including an adult use, may be permitted in an apartment development when authorized by the Board of Supervisors in accordance with § 240-31, provided that all requirements of this section are met:
(a) 
Convenience stores, including the sale of groceries and food products, hardware, newspapers and magazines, drugs and variety items.
(b) 
Personal service establishment, including tailor, barber shop, beauty salon, dressmaker and shoe repair.
(c) 
Gift shops, including cameras, books, stationery, cosmetics, candy, cigarettes and tobacco, flowers, hobbies, jewelry and crafts.
(d) 
Standard restaurant without drive-through service.
(e) 
Professional office, including offices of attorneys, accountants, physicians, dentists, realtors, insurance or financial consultants, brokers, engineers, architects or other recognized profession.
(f) 
Financial institution, including bank, savings and loan and commercial loan office.
(2) 
No more than 2,400 square feet of floor area of convenience commercial uses shall be permitted for each 100 dwelling units or part thereof. No single convenience commercial use shall exceed 3,000 square feet.
(3) 
Convenience commercial uses shall be considered as a part of the total apartment development and shall comply with all of the requirements of Subsection C.
(4) 
Any commercial convenience uses permitted in a planned apartment development shall be located within a building that does not contain dwellings. If more than one commercial establishment is to be provided, all such establishments shall be within a single building.
(5) 
Signs for a convenience commercial development shall be provided in accordance with § 240-22P(4) of this chapter if located in the C-4 Zoning District and § 240-22O(3), if located in the R-4 and R-5 Zoning Districts.
Townhouse development regulations applicable to R-4, R-5 and C-4.
A. 
Specific intent. The intent of this section is to provide regulations that encourage well-planned and well-designed townhouse development appropriate to the district and in harmony with adjacent existing development.
B. 
Townhouse area, height and bulk regulations. The division of a townhouse development into lots is not required so long as the land upon which it is situated remains in single undivided common ownership (including condominium ownership). Whether or not fee-simple lots are involved, a townhouse development shall be designed in compliance with the following:
(1) 
Minimum frontage for each townhouse development shall be 150 feet on a public street.
(2) 
Minimum tract area for each development shall be four acres.
(3) 
Minimum building width shall be 18 feet for each dwelling.
(4) 
Maximum height shall not exceed two stories or 30 feet, except that the basement floor of any dwelling may open to grade at the rear only.
(5) 
A private space for each townhouse yard, patio or other outdoor area immediately adjacent to the front, back or side of each dwelling of not less than 400 square feet shall be provided for the exclusive use of the occupants of that dwelling. If a townhouse development is subdivided into lots, the minimum lot area shall be the building footprint plus this required private space.
(6) 
Maximum density for a townhouse development. Ten dwellings per total acre of land within the R-5 District and five dwellings per total acre of land within any other district where townhouses are specifically permitted (such as the R-4 or C-4 District).
(7) 
Maximum impervious coverage. Forty percent of the total lot area at the time of completion of the development. Such restriction shall not limit future accessory uses on individual townhouse lots.
(8) 
Units attached. A group of not less than three and not more than six townhouses attached to each other by party walls. No more than two adjacent townhouses in any townhouse building shall have the same back and front setback line. The minimum variation of front and back setback line shall be eight feet. Upon application, the Board of Supervisors may, upon recommendation from the Planning Commission, modify the requirements as set forth in the two preceding sentences to provide for architectural variations and broken facades consistent with the intent and spirit of said regulations.
(9) 
External property line building setback. Townhouse buildings and accessory buildings shall be set back from the original tract boundary property line a minimum distance of 40 feet.
(10) 
Building setback from public and private streets. Townhouse buildings and related garages and accessory buildings shall have a minimum twenty-five-foot setback from the street right-of-way line of proposed streets.
(11) 
Spacing between buildings. Facing walls are walls opposite to and parallel with one another and any opposite walls whose lines, if extended, would intersect at angles of less than 65º. The minimum horizontal distance (between facing walls) of any two buildings on one lot or any one building with facing walls shall be as follows:
(a) 
Not less than 75 feet, where two facing walls both contain a window or windows.
(b) 
Not less than 50 feet between two facing walls, only one of which contains a window or windows.
(c) 
Not less than 25 feet between two facing walls, neither of which contains a window or windows.
C. 
Townhouse open space.
(1) 
Minimum open space shall be not less than 25% of the total lot area of the tract, excluding existing street rights-of-way. Priority for selecting areas of open space preservation shall be given to watercourses, lakes and ponds, floodplain areas, alluvial soils, high water table soils, lands having slopes in excess of 15% and forests with trees having greater than six-inch trunk widths (measured at a height of one foot above ground level) covering an area larger than 0.5 acres. The open space land selected pursuant to these priorities shall not be improved or used in such a manner as to disturb its natural characteristics.
(2) 
The remaining land set aside as open space may be used for parks, playgrounds, walkways, trails, tennis courts, swimming pools and similar recreational uses together with clubhouses and other social or service facilities customarily associated with such open space uses so designed as not to detract from the open space character of the area. At least 40% of the total open space shall be improved for active recreational use and at least 50% of that area shall be at a grade not exceeding 3%.
(3) 
Open space maintenance. The proper operation and maintenance of all open spaces and community facilities shall be secured by an appropriate organization with legal responsibility for the same. If the dwellings are sold, the organization may be a condominium, cooperative, homes association, trust or other appropriate nonprofit organization of the dwelling unit owners, organized in a manner found by the Township Solicitor to be legally effective and able to carry out its maintenance and operating responsibilities. It is the intention of this chapter to authorize the remedies provided in 53 P.S. § 10705(f) and 53 P.S. § 10706(2) of the Pennsylvania Municipalities Planning Code, and the same are hereby incorporated by reference.
D. 
Townhouse streets.
(1) 
Streets shall meet the requirements of Chapter 205, Subdivision and Land Development. The minimum cartway width of both dedicated or private streets shall be 25 feet, except the Board of Supervisors may require a width of up to 30 feet where necessary for overflow of on-street parking.
(2) 
All other applicable provisions of Chapter 205, Subdivision and Land Development, not specifically altered in this chapter shall be complied with.
E. 
Townhouse parking. Parking shall be in accordance with § 240-33, but excluding § 240-33C(7), which shall only apply to arterial or collector streets. All parking shall also meet the following requirements:
(1) 
The minimum required parking spaces shall not be met by permitting on-street parking on any street, whether public or private.
(2) 
No off-street parking space shall be located closer than 15 feet to a wall containing windows, or closer than 10 feet to a blank wall, except when located within the buildings or attached garages.
(3) 
No parking area, street or driveway, except at points of access, shall be located within 40 feet of the boundary property line of a townhouse development.
(4) 
Parking areas shall be arranged so as to prevent through travel to other parking areas.
F. 
Townhouse buffer areas. A twenty-five-foot-wide buffer area shall be provided around the entire townhouse development site. The buffer area shall be in addition to the required minimum yards, although it may be a part of individual lots.
(1) 
No structure, materials, vehicular parking, drive or streets shall be permitted in the buffer area, except at drives and street crossings.
(2) 
The screen planting in the buffer area around the site perimeter shall be in accordance with the screening requirements of § 240-27C(2).
(3) 
No structure, fence, planting or other obstruction shall be permitted which would interfere with traffic visibility across the corner of a lot and at access driveways within a triangle bounded by the street right-of-way lines and a straight line drawn between points on each right-of-way line 25 feet from their intersection. Such clear sight triangle shall be maintained in the area between a plane two feet above curb level and a plane seven feet above curb level. The screen planting shall be broken only at points of vehicular or pedestrian access.
G. 
Townhouse utilities. All townhouses shall be served by a centralized water supply system and a centralized sewage disposal system. All utilities, including electric, telephone and cable television shall be installed underground.
H. 
Townhouse lighting. Lighting shall be in accordance with § 240-33, § 240-27C(7) and Chapter 205, Subdivision and Land Development.
I. 
Townhouse landscaping. Landscaping shall be in accordance with § 240-27C(1).
J. 
Townhouse access and traffic control. Access and traffic control shall be in accordance with § 240-27D and Chapter 205, Subdivision and Land Development.
K. 
Townhouse storage. Storage shall be in accordance with § 240-27C(4).
L. 
Accessory use and storage enclosures. All storage for other than private automobiles shall be architecturally attached to and be part of the dwelling and be structurally enclosed.
M. 
Townhouse interior circulation. Interior circulation shall be in accordance with § 240-27C(6).
N. 
Homeowner's and/or condominium agreements. If the applicant is proposing restrictions, easements and/or covenants for the development or if any dwelling units are to be sold under homeowner's or condominium agreements, such restriction, easements, agreement or agreements shall be submitted to the Township for review with the preliminary plans.
[Added 11-1-1999 by Ord. No. 129-G-99]
A. 
Specific intent; inconsistencies.
(1) 
The planned golf course development provisions are intended to serve the following objectives, in addition to the goals and objectives stated in the Comprehensive Plan and in §§ 240-3 and 240-7:
(a) 
To provide optional regulations to encourage a championship golf course, contiguous residential dwellings of superior design and quality, site planning and landscaping design.
(b) 
To reduce area and dimensional specifications under this section as a means to improve the feasibility of creating a championship golf course, preserve desirable natural features and provide attractive and practical designs.
(c) 
To provide for golf courses that complement natural open spaces and preserve environmental resources, such as flood-prone areas and wetlands.
(d) 
To limit development on steep slopes, protect surface and groundwater quality and encourage groundwater recharge.
(e) 
To promote the preservation of significant view sheds, natural features, historical sites and structures and to protect the character of these features by incorporating them into the golf course design.
(f) 
To promote a high-quality golf course with a residential component by:
[1] 
Careful site analysis of the natural landscape.
[2] 
Sensitive design that is environmentally sound.
[3] 
Sensitive, attractive and functional layouts of the golf course, clubhouse and dwelling units.
[4] 
Provisions for extensive attractive landscaping.
(g) 
To seek to protect the scenic beauty of the Township, including scenic roads.
(2) 
To achieve the objectives set forth herein, to the extent that there are any inconsistencies with any other provisions of the Zoning Ordinance, the requirements set forth in this section shall apply.
B. 
Minimum tract, ownership and utility requirements.
(1) 
Any planned golf course development shall meet the regulations of this section.
(2) 
A planned golf course development shall only be permitted where specifically listed as permitted in the applicable zoning district regulations.
(3) 
The tract of land comprising the planned golf course development, referred to hereafter as the "development tract," shall be in single and separate ownership or filed jointly by the owners of the entire tract and shall contain a minimum of 180 contiguous acres. Any plan of subdivision or land development filed with the Township on lands situated within the development tract shall depict not only the subdivision/land development for which approval is being sought but also the entirety of the development tract comprising the planned golf course development.
(4) 
A minimum of 80% of the gross acreage of the development tract must be devoted to the golf course use.
(5) 
A maximum of 20% of the gross development tract acreage may be devoted to residential use as permitted in Subsection C(2) of this section. This twenty-percent portion of the development tract may be developed to a maximum overall density of three dwelling units per acre, when the developer agrees to transfer development rights on that portion of the development tract identified in Subsection B(4) of this section to that portion of the development tract specified in Subsection B(5); provided, however, that the developer shall retain the development rights described in Subsection E(2) of this section.
(6) 
The clubhouse, golf cottages and all dwelling units shall be served by a centralized public water supply system and a centralized sewage disposal system. All new utilities, including electric, telephone and cable television, shall be installed underground.
(7) 
The site entrance standards set forth in § 240-27G(1)(d) shall not apply to a planned golf course development. The following access limitations shall apply instead:
(a) 
There shall be a maximum of two entrances for the carriage homes development portion of the development tract.
(b) 
There shall be a maximum of one principal entrance for the portion of the development tract devoted to the golf course. An emergency access may be required if the Board of Supervisors determines that there is a need.
(c) 
A maximum of three entrances shall be permitted for the portion of the development tract devoted to single-family detached dwellings. Common or shared driveways shall be required in order to minimize the number of entrances.
C. 
Design standards for planned golf course development.
(1) 
The golf course shall be developed according to the following standards:
(a) 
Either a public or privately owned and operated golf course which shall have a minimum of 18 holes of golf. Neither a commercial driving range nor a commercial miniature golf area shall be considered a golf course for purposes of this section.
(b) 
The golf course use may include a clubhouse, driving range, tennis courts, swimming pool and a maximum of two golf cottage(s) and overnight clubhouse accommodations. The clubhouse accommodations shall be limited to use by club members and their guests. Said clubhouse accommodations shall not exceed eight single-occupancy units and two double-occupancy units. They shall not contain separate cooking or eating facilities, and occupancy of the units by club members or guests shall be limited to stays of no more than seven consecutive days in any thirty-day period.
(c) 
The clubhouse shall be located at least 75 feet from any proposed public road right-of-way line. It may contain locker room(s), clubhouse accommodations, a pro shop (750 square feet maximum) and dining facilities.
(d) 
A golf cottage is a separate residential building for the temporary accommodation of members and guests of the golf club. Golf cottage(s) shall be located at least 75 feet from any proposed public road right-of-way line. There may be no more than two golf cottages, each containing up to eight guest rooms, or one cottage containing up to 16 guest rooms. The cottage(s) shall not contain separate cooking or eating facilities, and occupancy of the cottage(s) by club members or guests shall be limited to stays of no more than seven consecutive days in any thirty-day period.
(e) 
Signs. One freestanding, directly illuminated, off-premises sign not exceeding 32 square feet in area, including the sign's base, and not more than 6 feet in height measured from ground level shall be permitted at the corner of Line Road and Paoli Pike. The design, materials and construction of such sign shall be contingent upon the approval of the Board of Supervisors.
(f) 
Parking for the clubhouse shall be located at least 50 feet from any proposed public road right-of-way line and shall be in accordance with the requirements of § 240-33C(2).
(g) 
Accessory buildings. Maintenance buildings for storage and maintenance of equipment directly related to the golf course use may be located off site on property contiguous to the golf course, provided that there is direct access to and from the accessory buildings to the golf course over a private street or driveway serving the golf course and a subdivision plan of the off-site property is approved by the Board of Supervisors. In such case:
[Added 8-7-2001 by Ord. No. 129-D-01]
[1] 
Accessory buildings may be located on a "footprint lot" which, for purposes of this provision, is defined to mean the perimeter of the existing or proposed building coincident with the building's foundation and outer walls, in which case the provision of Subsection C(1)(g)[2] shall apply.
[2] 
Footprint lots. When the maintenance building is proposed to be located on a footprint lot, the subdivision plan shall demonstrate that there is sufficient area on the parent lot from which the footprint lot is being subdivided, without violation of any setback encroachments, to contain the required parking, shared access to the footprint lot, stormwater management, if any, and utilities within a shared easement area of not less than 24,000 square feet per building; within the shared easement area, there shall be designated for the benefit of the maintenance building owner a nonexclusive area not more than 10 feet around the perimeter of the building for building maintenance purposes; the footprint lot shall comply with the front, rear and side yard requirements set forth in § 240-20F(3), except the building(s) shall be limited to one story and shall not exceed 20 feet in height; the owner of the parent lot shall retain the right to use the parent lot for all purposes not inconsistent with the shared easement; and the subdivision application shall be accompanied by a declaration of covenants, easements and restrictions which provides for and defines the shared access, parking and utility usage in common with the owner of the parent lot and the rights and obligations of the parties with respect thereto, in form and content acceptable to the Township Solicitor, which shall be recorded with the approved final subdivision plan.
(2) 
Single-family detached dwellings and/or carriage homes are permitted in the development tract in accordance with the following lot area, width, building coverage, height and yard regulations:
(a) 
Single-family detached dwellings regulations.
[1] 
Lot area: 20,000 square feet minimum.
[2] 
Lot width at building setback line: 110 feet minimum.
[3] 
Side yards: 15 feet minimum each side.
[4] 
Rear yard: 35 feet minimum.
[5] 
Front yard building setback line: 35 feet minimum.
[6] 
Building height: 35 feet maximum.
[7] 
Impervious coverage per lot: 50% maximum.
[8] 
Building coverage per lot: 20% maximum.
[9] 
Accessory uses as listed in § 240-9E are permitted.
[10] 
Common access driveways shall have a paved cartway width of 24 feet, including curbing, where parking is allowed, and a paved cartway width of 16 feet where parking is not allowed.
(b) 
Carriage home development regulations. The division into lots of that portion of the planned golf course development devoted to carriage homes is not required if the land upon which it is situated remains in single, undivided common ownership (including condominium ownership). Whether or not fee-simple lots are involved, a carriage home development shall be designed in compliance with the following:
[1] 
Minimum frontage for each carriage home development shall be 150 feet on a public street.
[2] 
Minimum gross tract area for each carriage home development shall be 10 acres.
[3] 
Minimum building width shall be 30 feet for each dwelling.
[4] 
Maximum building height shall not exceed 35 feet.
[5] 
A private space for each carriage home, of not less than 200 square feet, which shall be immediately adjacent to the front, back or side of each dwelling, shall be provided for the exclusive use of the occupants of that dwelling. If a carriage home development is subdivided into lots, the minimum lot area shall be the building footprint plus this required private space.
[6] 
Maximum density shall be four dwellings per acre of land within the carriage home development.
[7] 
Maximum impervious coverage shall not exceed 75% of the tract.
[8] 
No more than two carriage homes shall be attached to each other by party walls.
[9] 
External property line building setback. Carriage homes shall be set back from any proposed road right-of-way line a minimum distance of 25 feet. Accessory buildings shall be set back from any proposed road right-of-way line a minimum distance of 15 feet.
[10] 
Internal building setback from streets. Carriage homes shall have a minimum fifteen-foot setback from any development street. In a planned golf course development, detached accessory garages shall have a minimum ten-foot setback from any development street and need not be on the same lot as the principal use.
[11] 
Spacing between buildings. There shall be a minimum of 15 feet between buildings.
[12] 
Carriage home open space. The proper operation and maintenance of all open spaces and community facilities shall be secured by an appropriate organization with legal responsibility for the same. If the dwellings are sold, the organization may be a condominium, cooperative, homeowner's association, trust or other appropriate nonprofit organization of the dwelling unit owners, organized in a manner found by the Township Solicitor to be legally effective and able to carry out its maintenance and operating responsibilities. It is the intention of this section to authorize the remedies provided in 53 P.S. § 10705(f) and 53 P.S. § 10706(2) of the Pennsylvania Municipalities Planning Code, and the same are hereby incorporated by reference.
[13] 
Carriage home streets. If the minimum cartway width is proposed to be less than required for public streets, it shall not be less than 20 feet in width, and all streets shall be privately owned and maintained.
[14] 
Parking. A minimum of 2.5 off-street parking spaces per unit are required.
[15] 
Buffer yards. In a planned golf course development a fifteen-foot-wide buffer area shall be provided around the entire carriage home development, except for those areas which abut the golf course.
[a] 
The buffer yard shall be landscaped in accordance with the screening requirements of § 240-27C(3).
[b] 
No structure, fence, planting or other obstruction shall be permitted which would interfere with traffic visibility across the corner of a lot and at access driveways within a triangle bounded by the street right-of-way lines and a straight line drawn between points on each right-of-way line 25 feet from their intersection. Such clear sight triangle shall be maintained in the area between a plane two feet above curb level and a plane seven feet above curb level. The screen planting shall be broken only at points of vehicular or pedestrian access.
[16] 
Accessory uses as listed in § 240-9E are permitted.
[17] 
Storage enclosures. All storage for other than private automobiles shall be architecturally attached to and part of the dwelling and shall be structurally enclosed.
[18] 
Homeowners' and/or condominium agreements. If the applicant is proposing restrictions, easements and/or covenants for the development or if any dwelling units are to be sold under homeowners' or condominium agreements, such restrictions, easements, agreement or agreements shall be submitted to the Township for review and approval with the preliminary plans.
[19] 
Signs. One thirty-two-square-foot freestanding directly illuminated sign shall be permitted.
D. 
Golf course development approval.
(1) 
An overall subdivision plan of the planned golf course development tract shall be submitted for review and approval by the Board of Supervisors pursuant to Ch. 205, Subdivision and Land Development. The subdivision plan shall depict the location of the golf course and the portions of the development tract to be developed with single-family detached dwelling units and/or carriage homes.
(2) 
Nothing herein shall preclude the approval or construction of the planned golf course development in phases.
(3) 
After approval of the first subdivision plan, nothing in this section shall preclude the sale of the parcels to be developed as single-family detached dwellings and/or carriage homes to another person, firm or corporation, provided that such parcels shall only be developed in full compliance with any and all conditions of subdivision approval.
E. 
Discontinuance of golf course use.
(1) 
After the subdivision plan referred to in § 240-31D(1) has been approved by the Township and recorded with the Recorder of Deeds and those portions of the development tract to be developed with single-family detached dwellings and/or carriage homes have been sold or conveyed to another person, firm or corporation, the area of the development tract that is to be developed as a golf course must be developed only as an eighteen-hole golf course.
(2) 
In the event that the golf course use is discontinued or terminated, whether voluntarily or involuntarily, after approval of the subdivision plan referred to in § 240-31D(1) and recordation of said plan, and after the conveyance of either or all of those portions of the development tract to be developed with single-family detached dwellings and/or carriage homes to another party, the owner of the golf course shall be permitted to develop the golf course property for single-family residential dwellings, but only at the maximum density of one dwelling unit per four acres, in accordance with the following requirements, except that the maximum density shall be reduced to one dwelling unit per eight acres if such discontinuance or termination occurs more than two years after the issuance of a certificate of occupancy for the golf course clubhouse:
[Amended 1-25-2000 by Ord. No. 129-A-00]
(a) 
Single-family detached dwelling units pursuant to § 240-9.
(b) 
Single-family cluster development pursuant to § 240-28.
(c) 
Single-family open space development pursuant to § 240-36.
Conditional uses and additional standards for specific principal uses applicable to all districts.
A. 
Intent. To provide a procedure and criteria for applications for and decision on conditional uses specified in this chapter. To recognize that certain conditional uses may not be appropriate in every location within a specific zoning district where they are generally allowed. To recognize that other conditional uses would only be appropriate within a specific location with additional conditions upon approval.
B. 
Procedures.
(1) 
Applicants for conditional use approval shall pay a filing fee which covers the administrative costs for the Township's review of the conditional use application and plan and a fee to be placed in escrow to cover the Township's professional consultant's costs relating to review of the application and plan or plans submitted, as well as any supporting documentation and materials and/or report to the Township on the same. The fee schedule shall be adopted by resolution of the Board of Supervisors and the form for the conditional use application will be such as prescribed by the Township Manager. The term "professional consultant" shall include any person who provides expert or professional advice, including but not limited to, architects, attorneys, certified public accountants, engineers, geologists, landscape architects, landscape planners or land planners. Any amount in the escrow funds which exceeds the Township's professional consultant's review costs shall be returned to the applicant, without interest. If the amount in the escrow fund is not sufficient to meet all of the Township's professional consultant's review costs, the applicant shall be billed therefor and shall pay the amount due within 30 days of such billing. The filing fees and escrow fees shall be as established or amended from time to time by resolution of the Board of Supervisors.
[Amended 9-19-2006 by Ord. No. 129-D-06]
(2) 
All applicants for a conditional use shall submit eight sets of development plans to the Township, along with their application.
(3) 
The development plan referred to in Subsection B(2) above shall include a statement regarding the proposed use of the building or land, and shall comply with all sketch plan requirements as provided in Chapter 205, Subdivision and Land Development.
(4) 
Immediately after filing, the application and plans shall be referred to the Township Planning Commission for review.
(5) 
Planning Commission.
(a) 
The Planning Commission shall be provided with an opportunity, within 45 days of receipt of the application and plan, to review it and submit at least a preliminary recommendation to the Board of Supervisors. The absence of action on the part of the Planning Commission within the specified time shall not by itself delay action by the Board of Supervisors.
(b) 
Any revisions to the conditional use submission that the Zoning Officer determines to be substantial after the filing of the application shall be offered to the Township Planning Commission for review. In such event, the Zoning Officer shall seek to secure from the applicant a sixty-day written extension of the date within which the Supervisors must hold a public hearing. If the applicant fails to submit such written extension, then the Board of Supervisors shall decide the conditional use application based upon the application and plans as originally filed.
(6) 
The Board of Supervisors shall hold a public hearing on the conditional use application in accordance with the following procedures:
(a) 
Notice of the hearing shall be given to the public by publication once each week for two successive weeks in a newspaper of general circulation in the Township. Such notice shall state the time and place of the hearing and the particular nature and matter to be considered at the hearing. The first such notice shall be published not more than 30 days before the hearing and the second notice shall be published not less than seven days before the hearing. Notice of the hearing shall also be conspicuously posted on the affected tract of land. Notice of the Planning Commission meeting(s) at which the application will be discussed and of the hearing shall be given to the applicant, the Zoning Officer, the Planning Commission, the Board of Supervisors, property owners within 1,000 feet of the subject property and any other persons or group, including civic or community organizations who have made a timely request for such notice by personally delivering or mailing a copy of the published notice. The notice shall be mailed by the Township at least 30 days prior to the date of the hearing by first class mail to the addresses to which the real estate tax bills are sent for all real property, as evidenced by tax records within the possession of the Township. A good faith effort and substantial compliance shall satisfy the requirements of this subsection. If the subject property is within 1,000 feet of the Township boundary, the adjoining municipality shall be notified. The Board of Supervisors shall schedule and hold a public hearing on the application within 60 days from the date of receipt of the applicant's application, unless the applicant has agreed in writing to an extension of time. Each subsequent hearing before the Board shall be held within 45 days of the prior hearing, unless otherwise agreed to by the applicant in writing or on the record. An applicant shall complete the presentation of his case-in-chief (the part of the hearing in which the applicant presents evidence to support his or her claim or defense) within 100 days of the first hearing. Upon the request of the applicant, the Board shall assure that the applicant receives at least seven hours of hearings within the 100 days, including the first hearing. Persons opposed to the application shall complete the presentation of their opposition to the application within 100 days of the first hearing held after the completion of the applicant's case-in-chief. An applicant may, upon request, be granted additional hearings to complete his case-in-chief, provided the persons opposed to the application are granted an equal number of additional hearings. Persons opposed to the application may, upon the written consent or consent on the record by the applicant and the Township, be granted additional hearings to complete their opposition to the application, provided the applicant is granted an equal number of hearings for rebuttal.
[Amended 10-29-2002 by Ord. No. 129-Q-02; 10-21-2003 by Ord. No. 129-L-03; 9-19-2006 by Ord. No. 129-E-06]
(b) 
The parties to the hearing shall be the Township, any person affected by the application who has made timely appearance of record before the Board of Supervisors and any other person, including civic or community organizations, permitted to appear by the Board. The Board shall have the power to require that all persons who wish to be considered parties enter written appearances on forms provided by the Board for that purpose.
(c) 
The Chairman or Acting Chairman of the Board shall have the power to administer oaths and issue subpoenas to compel the attendance of witnesses and the production of relevant documents and papers, including witnesses and documents requested by the parties.
(d) 
Formal rules of evidence shall not apply, but irrelevant, immaterial or unduly repetitious evidence may be excluded.
(e) 
The Board of Supervisors may, but is not required to, keep a stenographic record of the proceedings and a transcript of the proceedings. The Township shall keep minutes of a conditional use hearing and copies of the graphic or written material received in evidence, copies of which shall be made available to any party at that party's cost.
(f) 
The Board of Supervisors shall render a written decision within 45 days after the last hearing before the Board, unless a written extension is provided by the applicant. Where the application is contested or denied, the decision should be accompanied by findings of fact and/or conclusions based thereon, together with reasons therefor. If, after the conclusion of the public hearings, the application is amended or revised, the Board shall hold one or more public hearings thereon as may be necessary and shall issue a new decision thereon in conformance with the procedure established in this section. In the event the Board fails to render the decision within the period required by this section, or fails to commence, conduct or complete the required hearings as provided in this § 240-31B(6), the decision shall be deemed to have been rendered in favor of the applicant unless the applicant has agreed in writing or on the record to an extension of time. When a decision has been rendered in favor of the applicant because of the failure of the Board to meet or render a decision as hereinabove provided, the Board shall give public notice of the decision within 10 days from the last day it could have met to render a decision in the same manner as required by the public notice requirements of this section. If the Board shall fail to provide such notice, the applicant may do so.
[Amended 10-21-2003 by Ord. No. 129-L-03]
(g) 
Notice of decision. A copy of the final decision or, where no decision is called for, a copy of the findings shall be delivered to the applicant personally or mailed to him not later than the day following the date of the decision. To all persons who have filed their names and addresses by the last day of the hearing with the Board of Supervisors, the Supervisors shall provide (in person, by mail or otherwise), not later than the day following the date of the decision, a brief notice of the decision or findings and a statement of the place where the full decision or findings may be examined.
[Amended 7-21-2009 by Ord. No. 129-H-09]
(7) 
The Board of Supervisors, at its discretion, may require that the applicant provide special studies as are reasonably necessary to determine the impact of the development on the Township.
(8) 
In approving or denying a conditional use or establishing conditions with reference to such approval, the Board of Supervisors, at a minimum, shall use those standards set forth in Subsection C.
(a) 
The burden of establishing compliance with those enumerated standards shall be upon the applicant by a fair preponderance of the credible evidence, unless any rule of law shifts that burden to protesters.
(b) 
The standards required by Subsection C shall be deemed a part of the definitional aspect under which a conditional use may be granted. The failure of the applicant to establish compliance with all the standards shall constitute sufficient basis for denial of the application.
(c) 
The Board of Supervisors shall render a written decision or, when no decision is called for, make written findings on the conditional use application within 45 days after the last hearing before the Supervisors. Where the application is contested or denied, each decision shall be accompanied by findings of fact or conclusions based thereon, together with any reasons therefor. Conclusions based on any provisions of this chapter or of any ordinance, rule or regulation shall contain a reference to the provision relied upon and the reasons why the conclusion is deemed appropriate in light of the facts found.
(d) 
Where the Board of Supervisors fails to render the decision within the period required by this subsection, or fails to hold the required hearing within 60 days after the date of the applicant's written request for a hearing, the decision shall be deemed to have been rendered in favor of the applicant unless the applicant has agreed, in writing or on the record, to an extension of time. When the decision has been rendered in favor of the applicant because of the failure of the Board of Supervisors to meet or render a decision as hereinabove provided, such Board shall give public notice of the decision within 10 days from the last day it could have met to render a decision in the same manner as required by the public notice requirements of state law. If the Board fails to provide such notice, the applicant may do so.
(e) 
Nothing in this subsection shall prejudice the right of any party opposing the application to appeal the decision to a court of competent jurisdiction. A copy of the final decision or, where no decision is called for, a copy of the findings, shall be delivered to the applicant personally or mailed to him/her no later than the day following its date.
(9) 
Nothing in this section shall be construed to relieve the applicant for a conditional use from obtaining other required approvals mandated by Chapter 205, Subdivision and Land Development, or other applicable ordinances.
(10) 
Appeals from a determination of the Board of Supervisors pursuant to any application for conditional use shall be as prescribed by the applicable provisions of the Pennsylvania Municipalities Planning Code.
(11) 
In granting an application for conditional use, the Board of Supervisors may attach such additional reasonable conditions and safeguards as it deems necessary and appropriate to ensure compliance with the provisions of this chapter; to protect the health, safety and general welfare of the community; and to ensure compatibility and avoid nuisances among nearby uses.
(12) 
The Board of Supervisors may impose such conditions regarding layout, circulation and performance as it deems necessary to ensure that any proposed development will substantially secure the objectives of this chapter, and to ensure compliance with related state and federal regulations.
(13) 
Unless otherwise specified by the Board, a conditional use approval shall expire within 12 months from the date of authorization if the applicant fails to obtain any needed approval or continues to actively seek approval of development plans submitted to the Township, and fails to obtain any required building permit.
(a) 
Conditional use approval must be obtained prior to the submission of a subdivision and/or land development to the Township, unless such requirement is waived by the Planning Commission.
(b) 
Conditional use approval shall not be transferred from one party to another without notification to the Board of Supervisors.
[Amended 2-17-2009 by Ord. No. 129-B-09]
(14) 
Signs. The Board of Supervisors shall review all signs that are to be associated with a proposed conditional use, and either approve or deny such signs at the same time the Board of Supervisors is reviewing the conditional use.
(15) 
(Reserved) [1]
[1]
Editor's Note: Former Subsection B(15), Holiday sales, was repealed 6-14-2004 by Ord. No. 129-O-04.
C. 
Standards for conditional uses and special exception uses and certain permitted-by-right uses.
(1) 
Overall. In considering a conditional use or special exception use application, the Board of Supervisors or Zoning Hearing Board, as applicable, shall consider all of the following standards as well as any other standards that may be listed for the proposed use [see Subsection B(11) concerning additional conditions that may be imposed by the Board of Supervisors]. (See also Article IX, concerning additional conditions that may be placed by the Zoning Hearing Board).
(2) 
Standards for conditional uses and special exception uses. All conditional uses and all special exception uses shall comply with the following standards:
(a) 
Not create a significant hazard to the public health and safety, including but not limited to fire, toxic or explosive hazards.
(b) 
Be suitable for the property in question.
(c) 
Be designed, constructed, operated and maintained so as to be in harmony with the character of the existing or intended development of the general vicinity.
(d) 
Not be detrimental to other property in the vicinity, including proper use of adequate setbacks, buffering, berming, locating of nuisance-causing facilities, screening and controls of operations to avoid conflicts. Where, in the opinion of the Board of Supervisors, the distance of setbacks and/or the methods of screening and buffering otherwise established by this chapter would be insufficient, additional screening, buffering and/or widths of setbacks shall be required as a condition of any approval.
(e) 
Be suitable in terms of permitting the logical, efficient and economic extension of public services and facilities such as central water supply, sanitary sewage and police and fire protection. The applicant shall prove that there is adequate access for fire-fighting and other emergency service equipment. The Board of Supervisors may establish additional conditions on approval to ensure such access, such as sufficient turning radii and cartway width for such equipment, the provision of adequate access for fire fighters to reach all sides of buildings and the provision of paved or compacted surfaces sufficient to support the weight of fire equipment.
(f) 
After considering any traffic improvements that the applicant may legally commit to fund or construct shall not create significant traffic safety hazards or cause serious traffic congestion.
[1] 
The applicant for a conditional use shall establish the effect of the proposed development on the reserve capacity of the public streets and street intersections providing access to and in the area of the subject property.
[2] 
Where a traffic study is required under this chapter or another Township ordinance, such study shall be submitted at the same time as the conditional use application.
[3] 
If a traffic study is required, the applicant shall prove that the level of service of unsignalized and signalized intersections adjacent to the applicant's property will be adequate to serve the proposed development. To prove such adequacy, the applicant shall prove that intersections intended to provide motor vehicle egress and/or ingress to the proposed development shall not fall below the Level of Service D as specified in the 1994 Highway Capacity Manual published by the Transportation Research Board, or its successor publication.
[a] 
The Board of Supervisors may waive the criteria in Subsection C(2)(f)[3] above if they find such waiver to be in the public interest, safety and general welfare.
[b] 
The above Subsection C(2)(f)[3] shall not be construed to preclude improvement of such intersections to attain a Level of Service D or better.
[4] 
The applicant shall prove that any improvements proposed to adjacent segments of streets will be sufficient to obviate adverse traffic impacts caused by the development, and to protect the traveling public.
[5] 
The applicant shall prove that facilities for ingress and egress will be so located and so designed to provide safe access to adjoining streets and to avoid unnecessary traffic through existing residential neighborhoods.
(g) 
Minimize adverse impacts upon the preservation and restoration of any historic building(s) on the subject property.
(h) 
Properly locate and design the proposed structures and other improvements to minimize disruption to existing natural topography, waterways, ponds, groundwater recharge, woods and other important natural resources on the site.
(3) 
Specific standards for specific principal uses (including but not limited to conditional uses and special exception uses). Each of the following principal uses shall meet the following additional specific standards. In addition, each conditional or special exception use shall meet the general standards in Subsection C(2). The following specific standards shall be met for the applicable use, unless a more restrictive standard is established by another section of this chapter:
(a) 
Adult use. (This is limited to the following: adult store, adult movie theater, massage parlor or adult live entertainment use.)
[1] 
Objectives.
[a] 
Because adult entertainment uses tend to bring with them secondary concerns that impact on the health, safety and general welfare concerns of the Township, the Township desires to restrict or limit the location where such uses can locate.
[b] 
The Township does not intend to effect or suppress any activities protected by the First Amendment of the United States Constitution, but instead address these secondary effects. Neither is it the intent nor effect of the provisions of this chapter to condone or legitimize the distribution of obscene material.
[c] 
Based on evidence concerning the adverse secondary effects of adult uses on the community presented in hearings and in reports made available to the Board of Supervisors, and on findings incorporated in the cases of City of Renton v. Playtime Theatres, Inc., 475 U.S. 41 (1986), Young v. American Mini Theatres, 426 U.S. 50 (1976) and Northend Cinema, Inc. v. Seattle, 585 P.2d 1153 (Wash. 1978), and on studies in other communities, including but not limited to Phoenix, Arizona; Minneapolis, Minnesota; Saint Paul, Minnesota; Manatee County, Florida; Houston, Texas; Indianapolis, Indiana; Amarillo, Texas; Los Angeles, California; Austin, Texas; Seattle, Washington; Oklahoma City, Oklahoma; and Beaumont, Texas; and also on findings found in the Report of Attorney General's Working Group on the Regulation of Sexually-Oriented Businesses, (June 6, 1989, State of Minnesota), the Board of Supervisors finds:
[i] 
Sexually-oriented businesses lend themselves to ancillary unlawful and unhealthy activities that may go uncontrolled by the operators of the establishments. Further, there is presently no mechanism to make the owners of these establishments responsible for the activities that occur on their premises.
[ii] 
Certain employees of sexually-oriented businesses, defined in this chapter as adult theaters and cabarets, engage in higher incident of certain types of sexually-oriented behavior at these businesses than employees of other establishments.
[iii] 
Sexual acts, including masturbation, oral sex and anal sex, occur at sexually-oriented businesses, especially those which provide private or semiprivate booths or cubicles for viewing films, videos or live sex shows, as defined under this chapter as adult book stores, adult novelty shops, adult video stores, adult motion picture theaters or adult arcades.
[iv] 
Offering and providing such space encourages such activities, which create unhealthy conditions.
[v] 
Persons frequent certain adult theaters, adult arcades and other sexually-oriented businesses for the purpose of engaging in sex within the premises of such sexually-oriented businesses.
[vi] 
At least 50 communicable diseases may be spread by activities occurring in sexually-oriented businesses, including but not limited to syphilis, gonorrhea, human immunodeficiency virus infection (AIDS), genital herpes, hepatitis B, Non B amebiasis, salmonella infections and shigella infections.
[vii] 
Since 1981 and to the present, there has been an increasing cumulative number of reported cases of AIDS caused by the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) in the United States — 600 in 1982, 2,200 in 1983, 4,600 in 1984, 8,555 in 1985 and 253,448 through December 31, 1992.
[viii] 
As of May 1, 1995, there have been 13,559 reported cases of AIDS in the State of Pennsylvania.
[ix] 
Since 1981 and to the present, there have been an increasing cumulative number of persons testing positive for the HIV antibody test in Delaware County, Pennsylvania.
[x] 
The number of cases of early (less than one year) syphilis in the United States reported annually has risen, with 33,613 cases reported in 1982, and 45,200 cases reported through November of 1990.
[xi] 
The number of cases of gonorrhea in the United States reported annually remains at a high level, with over one-half million cases being reported in 1990.
[xii] 
The surgeon general of the United States, in his report of October 22, 1986, has advised the American public that AIDS and HIV infection may be transmitted through sexual contact, intravenous drug abuse, exposure to infected blood and blood components and from an infected mother to her newborn.
[xiii] 
According to the best scientific evidence, AIDS and HIV infection, as well as syphilis and gonorrhea, are principally transmitted by sexual acts.
[xiv] 
Sanitary conditions in some sexually-oriented businesses are unhealthy, in part, because the activities conducted there are unhealthy, and, in part, because of the unregulated nature of the activities and the failure of the owners and the operators of the facilities to self-regulate those activities and maintain those facilities.
[xv] 
Numerous studies and reports have determined that semen is found in the areas of sexually-oriented businesses where persons view adult-oriented films.
[xvi] 
The findings noted in Subsections C(3)(a)[1][c](i) through (xv) raise substantial governmental concerns.
[d] 
The purposes of these conditional use provisions include to minimize, where conditions permit, the secondary concerns which include difficulties for law enforcement, municipal maintenance, trash, deleterious effects on business and residential property values, increased crime, particularly corruption of the morals of minors and prostitution, and encourage residents and businesses to move elsewhere.
[2] 
Setback. No adult use shall be located within 1,000 linear feet of any of the following:
[a] 
The lot line of any primary or secondary school, place of worship, public park, day-care center, child nursery, library, existing dwelling or any site marked as a proposed future park location on any Township official map.
[b] 
Any existing adult use.
[3] 
Buffer. A thirty-foot-wide buffer yard shall be provided, regardless of zoning district, along the side and rear lot lines in accordance with Article V, but with plantings of an initial minimum height of five feet.
[4] 
Signs and displays.
[a] 
No pornographic material, displays or words shall be placed in view of persons who are not inside the establishment.
[b] 
See § 240-22K, regarding prohibited signs.
[5] 
Other laws.
[a] 
No such use shall be used for any purpose that violates any federal, state or Township law.
[b] 
Definite precautions shall be taken to prohibit minors from entering the premises.
[c] 
The use shall not include the sale or display of obscene materials, as defined by state law, as may be amended by applicable court decisions.
[d] 
No use may include live actual or simulated sex acts or any sexual contact between entertainers or between entertainers and customers.
[e] 
Only lawful massages as defined by state court decisions shall be performed in a massage parlor.
[6] 
Operations.
[a] 
No such use shall be allowed in combination with the sale of alcoholic beverages.
[b] 
All persons within any adult use shall wear nontransparent garments that cover their genitals and the female areola, except within a permitted lawful adult live entertainment use.
[c] 
For public health reasons, private or semiprivate viewing booths of any kind are prohibited. This specifically includes, but is not limited to, booths for viewing adult movies or nude dancers. No room of any kind accessible to customers shall include less than 150 square feet.
[7] 
Location. These uses are specifically prohibited in all districts except within a district where the use may specifically be permitted by another section of this chapter.
[8] 
Lot area. A minimum lot area of one acre is required.
[9] 
Notice. Notice of the Planning Commission meeting(s) at which the application will be discussed and of the hearing shall be given to the applicant, the Zoning Officer, the Planning Commission, the Board of Supervisors, property owners within 1,000 feet of the subject property and any other persons or group, including civic or community organizations who have made a timely request for such notice by personally delivering or mailing a copy of the published notice. The notice shall be mailed by the Township at least 30 days prior to the date of the hearing by first class mail to the addresses to which the real estate tax bills are sent for all real property, as evidenced by tax records within the possession of the Township A good faith effort and substantial compliance shall satisfy the requirements of this subsection. If the subject property is within 1,000 feet of the Township boundary, the adjoining municipality shall be notified.
[Amended 9-19-2006 by Ord. No. 129-E-06]
[10] 
Ownership. Any application for such use shall state the legal names, home addresses and home phone numbers of all individuals intended to have more than a five-percent ownership in such use or in a corporation owning such use, and of the on-site manager responsible for ensuring compliance with this chapter. Such information shall be updated twice a year, in writing, to the Zoning Officer.
(b) 
Animal husbandry. See conditions in § 240-34A.
(c) 
Apartments. Shall comply with all of the requirements of § 240-29.
(d) 
Automobile dealer/sales. The parking and/or storage of vehicles within the required front yard shall be prohibited.
(e) 
Automotive repair and service establishment.
[1] 
All automotive parts and damaged vehicles shall be stored overnight within a completely enclosed building.
[2] 
All activities such as painting and repair work shall be performed within a completely enclosed building with ventilation and fume control or measures taken as required by state and federal regulations.
(f) 
Boardinghouse (or rooming house).
[1] 
Minimum lot area: one acre.
[2] 
Minimum principal building setback from all lot lines: 50 feet.
[3] 
Minimum lot width: 200 feet.
[4] 
Maximum density: four sleeping rooms per acre.
[5] 
Each sleeping room shall be limited to two persons each.
[6] 
A twenty-foot-wide buffer yard with screening meeting Article V shall be provided between any boardinghouse building and any abutting single-family detached dwelling that is within 100 feet of the proposed boardinghouse building.
[7] 
Interior space: a minimum of 300 square feet of interior floor space per resident.
[8] 
Maximum number of residents: 15.
[9] 
See also standards for personal care home which is a separate use.
[10] 
Signs shall be limited to two wall signs with a maximum of two square feet each.
[11] 
Rooms shall be rented for a minimum period of five consecutive days.
[12] 
The owner or his agent shall reside on the lot.
(g) 
Church, place of worship or philanthropic or religious institutions. No hospital, sanitarium, penal or corrective institution shall be permitted under this use.
(h) 
Wireless communications facilities.
[Amended 4-7-1998 by Ord. No. 119-B-98; 5-7-2002 by Ord. No. 129-K-02; 12-7-2004 by Ord. No. 129-T-04; 9-19-2006 by Ord. No. 129-E-06; 2-17-2009 by Ord. No. 129-D-09; 8-16-2011 by Ord. No. 129-H-11; 10-4-2011 by Ord. No. 129-J-11; 9-25-2012 by Ord. No. 129-H-2012; 7-16-2013 by Ord. No. 129-B-2013]
[1] 
Purpose. The purpose of this subsection and the standards established herein are to govern the use, construction and siting of wireless communications facilities in recognition of the nature of wireless communications systems and the Federal Telecommunications Act of 1996, as amended from time to time. These regulations are intended to:
[a] 
Accommodate the need for wireless communications facilities while regulating their location and number so as to ensure the provision for necessary services.
[b] 
Minimize the adverse visual effects and the number of such facilities through proper design, siting, screening, material, color and finish, and by requiring that competing providers of wireless communications services co-locate their commercial communications antennas and related facilities on existing towers if possible.
[c] 
Ensure the structural integrity of commercial communications antenna support structures through compliance with applicable industry standards and regulations, including the Township's Building Code.
[d] 
Promote the health, safety and welfare of the Township's residents.
[2] 
Standards for commercial communications antenna erected on a commercial communications support structure. All applicants seeking to construct, erect, relocate or alter a commercial communications support structure shall comply with the following regulations. Applicants seeking to modify and/or co-locate on an existing wireless telecommunications facility or existing wireless support structure that has been previously approved for wireless telecommunications shall not be subject to the conditional use procedures set forth in this section, provided that the modification and/or co-location meet all of the requirements of the Pennsylvania Wireless Broadband Collocation Act, 53 P.S. § 11702.1 et seq., including the definitions of "collocation" and "modification" in such Act. A written narrative that addresses how the applicant will meet each of the regulations listed below shall be submitted with the conditional use application.
[a] 
Location and height.
[i] 
Permissible locations. Wireless communications facilities must be located on property within the following zoning districts where permitted by right or as a conditional use and only in such location within that district and at a minimum height necessary to satisfy their function in the applicant's wireless communications system. The zoning districts in which wireless communications facilities are permitted by conditional use are the BP and I-1 Districts. Wireless communications facilities are also permitted by right on Township-owned property in the C-2 District.
[ii] 
Maximum heights. No commercial communications antenna support structure serving a single provider shall be taller than 120 feet, measured from undisturbed ground level, unless the applicant proves that another provider of wireless communications services has agreed to co-locate commercial communications antenna(s) on the applicant's commercial communications antenna support structure. In such case, the commercial communications antenna support structure shall not exceed 150 feet. No applicant shall have the right under these regulations to erect a tower to the maximum height specified, unless it proves the necessity for such height. The applicant shall demonstrate that the proposed height of the commercial communications antenna support structure and the commercial communications antennas intended to be attached thereto is the minimum height required to provide satisfactory service for wireless communications.
[b] 
Conditional use application.
[i] 
Site plan. A site plan shall be submitted with the conditional use application which shows all existing and proposed structures and improvements, including but not limited to the commercial communications antenna(s), commercial communications antenna support structure, building, fencing, landscaping, parking, ingress and egress. In addition, the site plan shall show each of the contiguous properties, identified by tax parcel number and owner, depicting all buildings and structures located on such properties and their principal and/or accessory uses. The plan shall comply with the requirements for a final plan as set forth in Chapter 205, Subdivision and Land Development.
[ii] 
Miscellaneous information and reports. The conditional use application shall be accompanied by the following:
[A] 
A propagation study demonstrating that there is a substantial gap in coverage for the provider;
[B] 
A description of the type and manufacturer of the proposed transmission/radio equipment;
[C] 
A study demonstrating compliance with the noise standards in § 240-24 of this chapter. In instances where there are multiple carriers or multiple equipment boxes proposed to be built on one site, the applicant must demonstrate that the cumulative noise from all carriers' equipment shall comply with the noise standards in this chapter;
[D] 
The name, address and contact information for the primary and secondary contact person responsible for the facility operation and maintenance;
[E] 
A report which addresses the potential impacts associated with constructing the facility and possible mitigation measures if negative impacts are expected to occur on surrounding properties;
[F] 
A report from a registered professional engineer that confirms that the radiofrequency emissions from the proposed facility will comply with the Federal Communications Commission standards;
[G] 
A certificate of insurance issued to the owner/operators, evidencing that there is or will be adequate current liability insurance in effect insuring against liability for personal injuries and death and property damage caused by the land site and the proposed facilities;
[H] 
A copy of the lease or other written agreement with the property owner confirming that the applicant has standing to file the application and maintain the proposed facility on the subject property.
[iii] 
Licensing and applicable regulations. If the applicant is a commercial wireless communications company, it must demonstrate that it is licensed by the Federal Communications Commission (FCC) and submit with the conditional use application copies of all FCC permits and licenses. All such information shall be accompanied by a certification signed by an officer of the applicant providing that, after due inquiry, the information being supplied is true and correct to the best of their knowledge, information and belief.
[iv] 
Section 106. The applicant shall provide proof to the Township that it has complied with Section 106 of the National Historic Preservation Act, 16 U.S.C. § 470f, as amended, and has reviewed the effects of the proposed wireless communications facilities on local historic resources that are included in or eligible for inclusion in the National Register of Historic Properties.
[v] 
Maintenance. During the conditional use hearing, the applicant shall describe anticipated maintenance needs, including frequency of service, personnel needs, equipment needs and the traffic safety and noise impacts of such maintenance. If approved, the applicant shall be responsible for maintaining the commercial facility in the manner described in the hearing.
[vi] 
Co-location. Prior to the Board's approval of a conditional use authorizing the construction and installation of a commercial communications antenna support structure (tower) it shall be incumbent upon the applicant to prove to the reasonable satisfaction of the Board that the applicant cannot adequately extend or infill its communications system by the use of equipment such as repeaters, antenna(s) and other similar equipment installed on existing structures, such as utility poles, existing commercial communications support structures, and other available tall structures. The applicant shall demonstrate that it has contacted the owners of structures of suitable location and height within a one-mile radius of the site proposed, has asked for permission to install the commercial communications antenna(s) on those structures and has been denied such permission. The Board of Supervisors may deny an application to construct a new commercial communications antenna support structure if the applicant has not made a good faith effort to mount the commercial communications antenna(s) on an existing structure as set forth in this section.
[c] 
Building permit required. Upon approval of the conditional use application, the applicant shall apply for and obtain a building permit prior to the erection of the commercial communications support structure.
[i] 
Soil report. A soil report complying with the standards of Geotechnical Investigations, ANSI/EIA-222-E, as amended, shall be submitted to the Township Engineer to document and verify the design specifications of the foundation for the commercial communications antenna support structure, and anchors for the guy wires, if used.
[ii] 
Certification by engineer. Prior to the Township's issuance of a permit authorizing construction and erection of a commercial communications antenna support structure, a structural engineer registered in Pennsylvania shall issue to the Township a written certification of its ability to meet the structural standards offered by either the Electronic Industries Association or the Telecommunication Industry Association, and certify the proper construction of the foundation and the erection of the commercial communications antenna support structure.
[d] 
Wireless communications equipment building or pad. Either one single-story wireless communications equipment building not exceeding 500 square feet in area, or a concrete pad not exceeding 500 square feet in area that houses the equipment necessary for the proper functioning of the tower and commercial communications antenna(s) may be located on the property where the tower is located. This pad must be set back a minimum of 10 feet from any property line, and the combined height of the pad and any structures erected on such pad may not exceed 12 feet. Each unrelated company sharing commercial communications antenna(s) space on the tower may have its own building or pad, provided that the total area of all buildings or pads on the site shall not exceed 500 square feet, unless otherwise approved by the Board.
[e] 
Other facilities. With the exception of the wireless communications equipment building or pad housing the equipment necessary for the proper functioning of the tower and commercial communications antenna(s), all other uses ancillary to commercial communications antenna(s) and commercial communications antenna support structures, including but not limited to a business office, mobile telephone switching office, maintenance depot and vehicular storage area shall not be located on any land site, unless otherwise permitted by the applicable district regulations in which the site is located.
[f] 
Utilities. All utilities required for the facility shall be located underground.
[g] 
Setbacks from tower base. The minimum setback for the tower base shall comply with the minimum setbacks established for the zoning district in which the tower is located.
[h] 
Antenna support structure safety. The applicant shall demonstrate that the proposed commercial communications antenna(s) and commercial communications antenna support structure are designed and constructed in accordance with all applicable building standards for such facilities and structures, including but not limited to the standards developed by the Electronics Industry Association, the Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineer, the Telecommunications Industry Association, the American National Standards Institute, the Electrical Industry Association and the Township's applicable Building Code. The applicant shall demonstrate that the proposed wireless communications facility is designed in such a manner so that no part of the facility will attract/deflect lightning onto adjacent properties.
[i] 
Fencing. A security fence having a minimum height of six feet shall be required around the antenna support structure and other equipment.
[j] 
Landscaping. Unless prohibited by federal or state laws, the following landscaping shall be required to screen as much of a newly constructed commercial communications antenna support structure as possible. The Board of Supervisors may permit any combination of existing vegetation, topography, walls, decorative fences or other features instead of landscaping, if, in the discretion of the Board of Supervisors, they achieve the same degree of screening as the required landscaping.
[i] 
An evergreen screen shall be required to surround the commercial communications antenna support structure. The screen can be either a hedge planted three feet on center maximum or a row of evergreen trees planted 10 feet on center maximum. The evergreen screen shall be a minimum planted height of six feet at planting and shall be capable of growing to a minimum of 15 feet at maturity.
[ii] 
Existing vegetation on and around the land site shall be preserved to the greatest extent possible.
[iii] 
The landscaping shall be maintained by the applicant for as long as the facility is in operation.
[k] 
Design. In order to reduce the number of commercial communications antenna support structures in the Township in the future, the proposed commercial communications antenna support structure shall be designed to accommodate other potential communication users, including but not limited to commercial wireless communication companies, local police, fire and ambulance companies.
[l] 
Proof of annual inspection.
[i] 
Annually, the owner of a commercial communications antenna support structure shall submit to the Township proof of the annual inspection of the commercial communications antenna support structure and commercial communications antenna(s) by an independent professional engineer as required by the ANSI/EIA/TIA-222-E Code. Based upon the results of such inspection, the Board of Supervisors may require removal or repair of the wireless communications facility.
[ii] 
In the event that the annual inspection referred to above is not performed in a timely manner or if the owner of the wireless communications facility fails to make the necessary repairs or to remove the facility when directed by the Board the owner shall be subject to civil enforcement proceedings in accordance with § 240-54.
[m] 
Required parking. If the wireless communication facility is fully automated, a minimum of two spaces shall be provided unless the applicant demonstrates to the satisfaction of the Board of Supervisors that adequate parking is available. If the wireless communication facility is not fully automated, the number of required parking spaces shall equal the number of employees present at the wireless communication facility during the largest shift.
[n] 
Visual appearance. Commercial communications antenna support structures shall be painted silver, or another color approved by the Board, or shall have a galvanized finish. All wireless communications equipment buildings and other accessory facilities shall be aesthetically and architecturally compatible with the surrounding environment and shall maximize the use of a like facade to blend with the existing surroundings and neighboring buildings to the greatest extent possible.
[o] 
Signs. No sign or other structure shall be mounted on the wireless communications facility, except as may be required by the FCC, FAA or other governmental agency.
[p] 
Lighting. Commercial communications antenna support structures shall meet all Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) regulations. No commercial communications antenna support structure may be artificially lighted except when required by the FAA or other governmental authority. When lighting is required by the FAA or other governmental authority, it shall be limited to the minimum lumens and number of lights so required and it shall be oriented inward so as not to project onto surrounding properties. The applicant shall promptly report any outage or malfunction of FAA mandated lighting to the appropriate governmental authorities and to the Township Secretary.
[q] 
Abandonment. If use of the wireless communications facility is abandoned, or if the wireless communications facility is not in use for a period of six months or longer, the owner shall demolish and/or remove the wireless communications facility from the land site within six months of such abandonment and/or nonuse. All costs of demolition and/or removal shall be borne by the owner of the wireless communications facility. In the event that the demolition and/or removal referred to above is not performed in a timely manner, the owner shall be subject to civil enforcement proceedings in accordance with § 240-54C.
[r] 
Interference. In the event that the wireless communications facility causes interference with the radio or television reception of any Township resident for a period of three continuous days, the resident shall notify the applicant of such interference and the applicant, at the applicant's sole expense, shall thereafter ensure that any interference problems are promptly corrected. In the event that the interference is not corrected in a timely manner, the applicant shall be subject to the civil enforcement proceedings in accordance with § 240-54C.
[s] 
Annual report. In January of each year, the owner of any wireless communications facility shall pay the registration fee as established from time to time by resolution of the Board of Supervisors and shall provide the Township with the following information.
[i] 
The names and addresses of the owner of the wireless communications facility and any organizations utilizing the wireless communications facility and telephone numbers of the appropriate contact person in case of emergency.
[ii] 
The name and address of the property owner on which the wireless communications facility is located.
[iii] 
A certification that the wireless communications facility is continuing to comply with this chapter and all applicable governmental regulations, including but not limited to output and emission limits established by the FCC.
[iv] 
Changes occurring with respect to any of the information required above shall be reported to the Township, in writing, within 10 days of the effective date of such changes. The failure to supply the annual report by the close of January shall result in the issuance of an enforcement notice in accordance with § 240-54.
[3] 
Standards for commercial communications antenna erected on an existing structure.
[a] 
In all zoning districts, an applicant may, upon conditional use approval being granted by the Board, locate commercial communications antenna and their support members (but not a commercial communications antenna support structure) on an existing smokestack, utility pole, water tower, commercial or industrial building or any similar tall structure pursuant to the conditional use procedures of § 240-31C(3)(h).
[b] 
If the proposed co-location is on an existing structure that has previously been approved for the installation of commercial communications antenna and their support members, the Pennsylvania Wireless Broadband Collocation Act, 53 P.S. § 11702.4(c) shall govern and no conditional use approval shall be necessary to co-locate commercial communications antenna and their support members. Any modification or co-location that substantially changes an existing wireless support structure is specifically excluded from this exception and shall proceed through the conditional use procedures of § 240-31C(3)(h). All applications for co-location on or modification to an existing wireless telecommunication facility or wireless support structure shall contain: 1) information responsive to the applicable building permit requirements, including requirements applicable to the added structural loading of the proposed antennas and accessory equipment; 2) documents demonstrating the application meets all of the requirements of and is entitled to be processed under the Pennsylvania Wireless Broadband Collocation Act, 53 P.S. § 11702.4(c); 3) such other information and documents as specified on the Township's application form; and 4) the appropriate filing fee, as may be set from time to time by the Township Board of Supervisors by resolution. The application review procedure for the proposed modification and/or co-location shall be that set forth in the Pennsylvania Wireless Broadband Collocation Act, 53 P.S. § 11702.4(b).
[c] 
All applicants seeking to construct, erect, or locate a commercial communications antenna on an existing structure that has not been previously approved for the installation of commercial communications antenna and their support members shall comply with the following regulations. A written narrative that addresses how the applicant will meet each of the regulations listed below shall be submitted with the conditional use application.
[i] 
Location and height.
[A] 
The commercial communications antenna must be located on an existing structure. For purposes of this subsection, in order to constitute an existing structure, the structure must be one that was constructed and/or erected prior to April 7, 1998.
[B] 
Steeple exception to existing structure requirement. The applicant may, upon conditional use approval being granted by the Board of Supervisors, install a commercial communications antenna in any zoning district, in accordance with the provision of this section provided the commercial communications antenna shall be located entirely within a steeple located on a place of worship and no portion of the antenna shall be visible from the outside.
[C] 
Limitations on height. In no event shall mounted commercial communications antenna(s) extend more than 25 feet above the height of the existing structure. The applicant shall demonstrate that the proposed height of the commercial communications antenna is the minimum height required to provide satisfactory service for wireless communications.
[ii] 
Conditional use.
[A] 
Site plan. A site plan shall be submitted with the conditional use application which shows all existing and proposed structures and improvements, including but not limited to the commercial communications antenna(s), the existing structure to which the commercial communications antenna(s) will be attached, building, fencing, landscaping, parking, ingress and egress. In addition, the site plan shall show each of the contiguous properties, identified by tax parcel number and owner, depicting all buildings and structures located on such properties and their principal and/or accessory uses. The plan shall comply with the requirements for a final plan as set forth in Chapter 205, Subdivision and Land Development.
[B] 
Miscellaneous information and reports. The conditional use application shall be accompanied by the following:
{1}
A propagation study demonstrating that there is a substantial gap in coverage for the provider;
{2}
A description of the type and manufacturer of the proposed transmission/radio equipment;
{3}
A study demonstrating compliance with the noise standards in § 240-24 of this chapter. In instances where there are multiple carriers or multiple equipment boxes proposed to be built on one site, the applicant must demonstrate that the cumulative noise from all carriers' equipment shall comply with the noise standards in this chapter;
{4}
The name, address and contact information for the primary and secondary contact person responsible for the facility operation and maintenance;
{5}
A report from a registered professional engineer that confirms that the radiofrequency emissions from the proposed facility will comply with the Federal Communications Commission standards.
{6}
A certificate of insurance issued to the owner/operators, evidencing that there is or will be adequate current liability insurance in effect insuring against liability for personal injuries and death and property damage caused by the land site and the proposed wireless communications facilities;
{7}
A copy of the lease or other written agreement with the property owner confirming that the applicant has standing to file the application and maintain the proposed facility on the subject property.
[C] 
Licensing and applicable regulations. If the applicant is a commercial wireless communications company, it must demonstrate that it is licensed by the Federal Communications Commission (FCC) and submit with the conditional use application copies of all FCC permits and licenses. All such information shall be accompanied by a certification signed by an officer of the applicant providing that, after due inquiry, the information being supplied is true and correct to the best of their knowledge, information and belief.
[D] 
Section 106. The applicant shall provide proof to the Township that it has complied with Section 106 of the National Historic Preservation Act, 16 U.S.C. § 470f, as amended, and has reviewed the effects of the proposed wireless communications facilities on local historic resources that are included in or eligible for inclusion in the National Register of Historic Properties.
[E] 
Maintenance. During the conditional use hearing, the applicant shall describe anticipated maintenance needs, including frequency of service, personnel needs, equipment needs and the traffic safety and noise impacts of such maintenance. If approved, the applicant shall be responsible for maintaining the commercial communications antenna(s) in the manner described in the hearing or as required by the Board as part of the conditional use approval.
[iii] 
Building permit required. Upon approval of the conditional use application the applicant shall apply for and obtain a building permit prior to the erection of the commercial communications antenna on an existing structure. Prior to the Township's issuance of a permit authorizing construction and erection of a commercial communications antenna, a structural engineer registered in Pennsylvania shall issue to the Township a written certification that confirms that the existing structure can support the load of the proposed antenna and all cables associated therewith.
[iv] 
Wireless communications equipment.
[A] 
A concrete pad not exceeding 10 feet by 20 feet in area that contains up to three metal boxes housing the equipment necessary for the proper functioning of the antenna may be located on the property where the commercial communications antenna will be located. This pad must be set back a minimum of 10 feet from any property line, and the combined height of the pad and boxes may not exceed eight feet. Each unrelated company having an antenna on the existing structure may have its own concrete pad, provided that the total area of all pads for all carriers located on the structure shall not exceed 500 square feet, unless otherwise approved by the Board.
[B] 
If the commercial communications antenna is installed on an existing utility pole, the Board may authorize the installation of one or more cabinets on the utility pole upon which the antenna(s) is located. The cabinets shall be located at the maximum height allowed by the owner of the utility pole; however, in no case shall the bottom of any cabinet be less than eight feet above ground level. The Board shall approve the color, size and orientation of the cabinet(s) on the pole.
[v] 
Other facilities. With the exception of the wireless communications equipment pad housing the equipment necessary to the proper functioning of the commercial communications antenna(s), all other uses ancillary to commercial communications antenna(s), including but not limited to a business office, mobile telephone switching office, maintenance depot and vehicular storage area shall not be located on any land site, unless otherwise permitted by the applicable district regulations in which the site is located.
[vi] 
Utilities. All utilities required for the antenna and associated ground equipment shall be located underground.
[vii] 
Required parking. If the wireless communication antenna is fully automated, a minimum of two spaces shall be provided unless the applicant demonstrates to the satisfaction of the Board of Supervisors that adequate parking is available. If the wireless communication antenna is not fully automated, the number of required parking spaces shall equal the number of employees present at the wireless communication antenna during the largest shift.
[viii] 
Safety of antenna. The applicant shall demonstrate that the proposed commercial communications antenna(s) are designed and constructed in accordance with all applicable building standards for such facilities and structures, including but not limited to the standards developed by the Electronics Industry Association, the Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineer, the Telecommunications Industry Association, the American National Standards Institute, the Electrical Industry Association and the Township's applicable Building Code. The applicant shall demonstrate that the proposed wireless communications facility is designed in such a manner so that no part of the facility will attract/deflect lightning onto adjacent properties.
[ix] 
Fencing. A security fence having a minimum height of six feet shall be required around the equipment buildings or pads.
[x] 
Landscaping. Unless prohibited by federal or state law, the following landscaping shall be required to screen the equipment building or pads. The Board of Supervisors may permit any combination of existing vegetation, topography, walls, decorative fences or other features instead of landscaping, if, in the discretion of the Board of Supervisors, they achieve the same degree of screening as the required landscaping.
[A] 
An evergreen screen shall be required to surround the equipment building or pad. The screen can be either a hedge planted three feet on center maximum or a row of evergreen trees planted 10 feet on center maximum. The evergreen screen shall be a minimum planted height of six feet at planting and shall be capable of growing to a minimum of 15 feet at maturity.
[B] 
Existing vegetation on and around the land site shall be preserved to the greatest extent possible.
[C] 
The landscaping shall be maintained by the applicant for as long as the facility is in operation.
[xi] 
Proof of annual inspection.
[A] 
Annually, the owner of a commercial communications antenna shall submit to the Township proof of the annual inspection of the commercial communications antenna by an independent professional engineer as required by the ANSI/EIA/TIA-222-E Code. Based upon the results of such inspection, the Board of Supervisors may require removal or repair of the wireless communications facility.
[B] 
In the event that the annual inspection referred to above is not performed in a timely manner or if the owner of the antenna fails to make the necessary repairs or to remove the antenna when directed by the Board, the owner shall be subject to civil enforcement proceedings in accordance with § 240-54.
[xii] 
Lighting. Commercial communications antennas shall meet all Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) regulations. No commercial communications antenna may be artificially lighted except when required by the FAA or other governmental authority. When lighting is required by the FAA or other governmental authority, it shall be limited to the minimum lumens and number of lights so required and it shall be oriented inward so as not to project onto surrounding properties. The applicant shall promptly report any outage or malfunction of FAA mandated lighting to the appropriate governmental authorities and to the Township.
[xiii] 
Abandonment. If use of the wireless communications antenna is abandoned, or if the wireless communications antenna is not in use for a period of six months or longer, the owner shall remove the wireless communications antenna from the existing structure within six months of such abandonment and/or nonuse. All costs of demolition and/or removal shall be borne by the owner of the wireless communications antenna. In the event that the demolition and/or removal referred to above is not performed in a timely manner, the owner shall be subject to civil enforcement proceedings in accordance with § 240-54C.
[xiv] 
Interference. In the event that the wireless communications antenna causes interference with the radio or television reception of any Township resident for a period of three continuous days, the resident shall notify the applicant of such interference and the applicant, at the applicant's sole expense, shall thereafter ensure that any interference problems are promptly corrected. In the event that the interference is not corrected in a timely manner, the applicant shall be subject to the civil enforcement proceedings in accordance with § 240-54C.
[xv] 
Visual appearance. All wireless communications equipment buildings and other accessory facilities shall be aesthetically and architecturally compatible with the surrounding environment and shall maximize the use of a like facade to blend with the existing surroundings and neighboring buildings to the greatest extent possible.
[xvi] 
Annual report. In January of each year, the owner of any wireless communications antenna shall pay the registration fee as established from time to time by resolution of the Board of Supervisors and shall provide the Township with the information specified in § 240-31C(3)(h)[2][s]. Failure to supply the annual report by the close of the following January shall result in the issuance of an enforcement notice in accordance with § 240-54.
[xvii] 
Signs. No sign or other structure shall be mounted on the wireless communications antenna, except as may be required by the FCC, FAA or other governmental agency.
[4] 
Commercial communications antennas in the public rights-of-way.
[Added 12-20-2016 by Ord. No. 129-D-2016]
[a] 
Standards for commercial communications antennas erected in the public rights-of-way. All applicants seeking to construct, erect, or relocate a commercial communications antenna shall comply with the following regulations. A written narrative that addresses how the applicant will meet each of the regulations listed below shall be submitted with the conditional use application, unless the proposed facility falls under the provisions of the Pennsylvania Wireless Broadband Collocation Act.[2]
[2]
Editor's Note: See 53 P.S. § 11702.1 et seq.
[b] 
Conditional use application. A conditional use application shall be completed by any applicant desiring to place a commercial communications antenna in the public road rights-of-way ("ROW"). The application shall be submitted to the Township Zoning Office and shall demonstrate that the proposed facility meets all of the following specifications:
[i] 
Co-location, location and siting.
[A] 
Co-location. Commercial communications antennas in the ROW shall be located on existing utility poles that already have commercial communications antenna. If such location is not technologically feasible, the applicant shall locate its commercial communications antennas on existing poles that do not already have antennas attached to them.
[B] 
Location. Commercial communications antennas in the ROW are permitted in all zoning districts subject to the restrictions and conditions prescribed below.
[C] 
Siting.
{1}
Prohibited on certain structures. Commercial communications antennas shall not be located on any building in the ROW.
[D] 
Design regulations.
{1}
Antenna installations located above the surface grade in the ROW including, but not limited to, those on utility poles, shall consist of equipment components that are no more than six feet in height and that are compatible in scale and proportion to the structures upon which they are mounted. All equipment shall be the smallest and least visibly intrusive equipment feasible.
{2}
Antennas and all support equipment shall be treated to match the supporting structure. Facilities and accompanying equipment shall be painted, or otherwise coated, to be visually compatible with the support structure upon which they are mounted.
{3}
Equipment location. Commercial communications antennas and accessory equipment shall be located so as not to cause any physical or visual obstruction to pedestrian or vehicular traffic, or to otherwise create safety hazards to pedestrians and/or motorists or to otherwise inconvenience public use of the ROW as determined by the Township. In addition:
{a}
Ground-mounted equipment and electrical meter cabinets shall be screened, if deemed appropriate and if done in a manner that does not impact sight line distances, through the use of landscaping or other decorative features to the satisfaction of the Township.
{b}
Any proposed underground vault related to commercial communications antennas shall be reviewed and approved by the Township.
[E] 
Public safety communications. The applicant shall submit proof that the proposed antenna will not interfere with public safety communications or the reception of broadband, television, radio or other communication services.
[c] 
Relocation or removal. Within 60 days following written notice from the Township, or such longer period as the Township determines is reasonably necessary or such shorter period in the case of an Emergency, an owner of an antenna in the ROW shall, at its own expense, temporarily or permanently remove, relocate, change or alter the position of any antenna when the Township, consistent with its police powers and applicable Public Utility Commission regulations, shall have determined that such removal, relocation, change or alteration is reasonably necessary under the following circumstances:
[i] 
The construction, repair, maintenance or installation of any Township or other public improvement in the ROW; or
[ii] 
The operations of the Township or other governmental entity in the ROW; or
[iii] 
Vacation of a street or road; or
[iv] 
An emergency as determined by the Township.
[d] 
Financial security. Prior to receipt of a zoning permit for the construction or placement of a commercial communications antenna, the applicant shall provide to the Township financial security sufficient to guarantee the removal of the proposed antenna. The applicant shall submit an estimate of such removal costs to the Township Engineer for review and approval of same. Said financial security shall remain in place until the antenna is removed.
[e] 
Standard of care. Any commercial communications antenna covered by this subsection shall be designed, constructed, operated, maintained, repaired, modified and removed in strict compliance with all current applicable technical, safety and safety-related codes, including but not limited to the most recent editions of the American National Standards Institute (ANSI) Code, National Electrical Safety Code, and National Electrical Code. All antennas shall at all times be kept and maintained in good condition, order and repair by qualified maintenance and construction personnel, so that the same shall not endanger the life of any person or any property in the Township.
[f] 
Wind. Any commercial communications antennas shall be designed to withstand the effects of wind according to the standard designed by the American National Standards Institute as prepared by the engineering departments of the Electronics Industry Association, and Telecommunications Industry Association (ANSI/EIA-222-E Code, as amended).
[g] 
Maintenance. The commercial communications antenna shall be fully automated and unattended on a daily basis and shall be visited only for maintenance or emergency repair. Such maintenance shall be performed to ensure the upkeep of the facility in order to promote the safety and security of the Township's residents. All maintenance activities shall utilize nothing less than the best available technology for preventing failures and accidents.
[h] 
Radio frequency emissions. No commercial communications antenna may, by itself or in conjunction with other antennas, generate radio frequency emissions in excess of the standards and regulations of the FCC, including but not limited to, the FCC Office of Engineering Technology Bulletin 65, entitled "Evaluating Compliance with FCC Guidelines for Human Exposure to Radio Frequency Electromagnetic Fields," as amended.
[i] 
Abandonment. In the event that use of a commercial communications antenna is discontinued, the owner shall provide written notice to the Township of its intent to discontinue use and the date when the use shall be discontinued. Unused or abandoned antennas or shall be removed as follows:
[i] 
All abandoned or unused antennas and accessory facilities shall be removed within two months of the cessation of operations at the site unless a time extension is approved by the Township.
[ii] 
If the antenna is not removed within two months of the cessation of operations at a site, or within any longer period approved by the Township, the antenna and any related equipment may be removed by the Township and the cost of removal assessed against the owner of the antenna.
[j] 
Time, place and manner. The Township shall determine the time, place and manner of construction, maintenance, repair and/or removal of all commercial communications antennas in the ROW based on public safety, traffic management, physical burden on the ROW, and related considerations. For public utilities, the time, place and manner requirements shall be consistent with the police powers of the Township and the requirements of the Public Utility Code.
[k] 
Insurance. Each person that owns or operates a commercial communications antenna shall provide the Township with a certificate of insurance evidencing general liability coverage in the minimum amount of $1,000,000 per occurrence and property damage coverage in the minimum amount of $1,000,000 per occurrence covering the commercial communications antenna.
[l] 
Indemnification. Each person that owns or operates a commercial communications antenna shall, at its sole cost and expense, indemnify, defend and hold harmless the Township, its elected and appointed officials, employees and agents, at all times against any and all claims for personal injury, including death, and property damage arising in whole or in part from, caused by or connected with any act or omission of the person, its officers, agents, employees or contractors arising out of, but not limited to, the construction, installation, operation, maintenance or removal of the commercial communications antenna. Each person that owns or operates a commercial communications antenna shall defend any actions or proceedings against the Township in which it is claimed that personal injury, including death, or property damage was caused by the construction, installation, operation, maintenance or removal of a commercial communications antenna. The obligation to indemnify, hold harmless and defend shall include, but not be limited to, the obligation to pay judgments, injuries, liabilities, damages, reasonable attorneys' fees, reasonable expert fees, court costs and all other costs of indemnification.
[m] 
Co-locations and modifications that fall within the provisions of the Pennsylvania Wireless Broadband Collocation Act[3] or amendments thereto or similarly applicable federal statutes.
[i] 
Subsection C(3)(h)[4][a] through [d] shall not apply to facilities which are governed by the Pennsylvania Wireless Broadband Collocation Act. To the extent permitted by law, the remaining provisions in Subsection C(3)(h)[4][e] through [1] shall apply to co-location applicants desiring to place new antennas on existing wireless communications facilities, as well as those applicants desiring to modify existing facilities. Any applicant proposing the colocation or modification of a commercial communications antenna shall submit a building permit to the Township Zoning Office.
[ii] 
Timing. Within 30 calendar days of the date that an application for a Commercial communications antenna is filed with the Township, the Township shall notify the applicant in writing of any information that may be required to complete such application. Within 60 calendar days of receipt of a complete application, the Township shall make its final decision on whether to approve the application and shall advise the applicant in writing of such decision. If additional information was requested by the Township to complete an application, the time required by the applicant to provide the information shall not be counted toward the Township's sixty-day review period.
[3]
Editor's Note: See 53 P.S. § 11702.1 et seq.
[5] 
Wireless communications facilities in the public rights-of-way.
[Added 12-20-2016 by Ord. No. 129-D-2016]
[a] 
Standards for wireless communications facilities erected in the public rights-of-way. All applicants seeking to construct, erect, or relocate a wireless communications facility shall comply with the following regulations. A written narrative that addresses how the applicant will meet each of the regulations listed below shall be submitted with the conditional use application.
[b] 
Conditional use application. A conditional use application shall be completed by any applicant desiring to erect wireless communications facilities in the public ROW. The application shall be submitted to the Township Zoning Officer and shall demonstrate that the proposed facility meets all of the following specifications:
[i] 
Location and height.
[A] 
Maximum height. Wireless communications facilities greater than 45 feet in height shall be prohibited in the public rights-of-way. An increased height — not to exceed 55 feet — may be permitted if shown by the applicant to be necessary to provide increased capacity and adequate coverage in that service area.
[B] 
Height extensions. Any height extensions (not co-locations) to an existing wireless communications facility shall require prior approval of the Township, and shall not increase the overall height of the facility to more than 45 feet unless shown to be warranted as set forth in Subsection C(3)(h)[5][b][i][A] immediately above. The Township reserves the right to deny such requests based upon aesthetic and land use impact, or any other lawful considerations related to the character of the Township.
[C] 
Location. Wireless communications facilities 45 feet or shorter in height (or 55 feet or shorter in height if warranted as described above) shall be permitted within the ROW of the roads as listed and specifically described in Attachment 4, Aerial Utility Roadways, found under the General References section of Chapter 240, Zoning.[4]
[4]
Editor's Note: Attachment 4 is included as an attachment to this chapter.
[ii] 
Design Regulations.
[A] 
Stealth technology. The wireless communications facility shall employ the most current stealth technology available in an effort to appropriately blend into the surrounding environment and minimize aesthetic impact. The application of the stealth technology chosen by the applicant shall be subject to the approval of the Township.
[B] 
Other antennas. Any proposed wireless communications facility shall be designed structurally, electrically, and in all respects to accommodate multiple licensed wireless service providers.
[C] 
Aviation safety. Commercial communications antennas shall comply with all federal and state laws and regulations concerning aviation safety.
[D] 
Signs. The proposed facility shall post a sign in a readily visible location identifying the name and phone number of a party to contact in the event of an emergency.
[E] 
Lighting. No wireless communications facility shall be artificially lighted, except as required by law. If lighting is required, the applicant shall provide a detailed plan for sufficient lighting, demonstrating as unobtrusive and inoffensive an effect as is permissible under state and federal regulations.
[F] 
Radio frequency emissions. No wireless communications facility may, by itself or in conjunction with other facilities in its respective vicinity, generate radio frequency emissions in excess of the standards and regulations of the FCC, including but not limited to, the FCC Office of Engineering Technology Bulletin 65, entitled "Evaluating Compliance with FCC Guidelines for Human Exposure to Radio Frequency Electromagnetic Fields," as amended.
[G] 
Wind. All wireless communications facilities shall be designed to withstand the effects of wind according to the standard designed by the American National Standards Institute as prepared by the engineering departments of the Electronics Industry Association, and Telecommunications Industry Association (ANSI/EIA-222-E, as amended).
[iii] 
Gap in coverage.
[A] 
Unless exempt from this requirement by federal law, an applicant for a wireless communications facility must demonstrate that a gap in coverage and/or demand for increased capacity exists or is anticipated within 12 months and that the type of facility being proposed is the least intrusive means by which to fill that gap and/or increase the capacity of wireless coverage.
[B] 
The existence or nonexistence of a gap in wireless coverage may be a factor in the Township's decision on an application for approval of wireless communications facilities in the ROW, at the Board's discretion.
[iv] 
Co-location and strategic siting.
[A] 
Co-location. An application for a new wireless communications facility shall not be approved unless the Township finds that the wireless communications equipment planned for the proposed facility cannot be accommodated on an existing or approved structure or building.
{1}
The applicant shall demonstrate that it contacted the owners of tall structures and towers located within ROWS in the applicable service area required in order for the applicant to provide the increased capacity needed, and permission to install an antenna was denied for one or more of the following reasons:
{a}
The proposed antenna and related equipment would exceed the structural capacity of the existing building, structure or tower, and its reinforcement cannot be accomplished at a reasonable cost.
{b}
The proposed antenna and related equipment would cause radio frequency interference with other existing equipment for that existing building, structure, or tower and the interference cannot be prevented at a reasonable cost.
{c}
Such existing buildings, structures, or towers do not have adequate location, space, access, or height to accommodate the proposed equipment or to allow it to perform its intended function.
{d}
A commercially reasonable agreement could not be reached with the owner of such building, structure, or tower.
{2}
Strategic siting. Wireless communications facilities and related equipment shall not interfere with, displace, damage or destroy, any other facilities, including but not limited to, sewers, gas or water mains, pipes, cables, or conduits.
[v] 
Equipment location. The applicant shall at all times comply with and abide by all applicable regulations governing wireless communications facilities. Accessory equipment shall be located so as not to cause any physical or visual obstruction to pedestrian or vehicular traffic, or to otherwise create safety hazards to pedestrians and/or motorists or to otherwise inconvenience public use of the ROW as determined by the Township. In addition:
[A] 
In no case shall ground-mounted equipment, walls, or landscaping be located within 16 inches of the face of the curb.
[B] 
Ground-mounted equipment that cannot be located underground shall be screened, if deemed appropriate and in a manner that does not impact sight lines for traffic, through the use of landscaping or other decorative features to the satisfaction of the Township.
[C] 
Required electrical meter cabinets shall the screened to blend in with the surrounding area to the satisfaction of the Township.
[D] 
Any graffiti on the wireless communications facility or on any accessory equipment shall be removed at the sole expense of the owner within 10 business days of notice of the existence of the graffiti.
[E] 
Any underground vaults related to the wireless communications facility shall be reviewed and approved by the Township.
[vi] 
Written commitment. As a condition of approval for all wireless communications facilities in the ROW, the applicant shall provide the Township with a written commitment that it will allow other service providers to co-locate antennas on its wireless communications facilities where technically and economically feasible. The owner of a wireless communications facility shall not install any additional antennas without obtaining the prior written approval of the Township, so long as such antennas do not fall within the categories of permitted modifications or co-locations in the Wireless Broadband Collocation Act.[5]
[5]
Editor's Note: See 53 P.S. § 11702.1 et seq.
[vii] 
Miscellaneous information.
[A] 
Highway occupancy permit. The applicant shall obtain and provide the Township with a copy of the highway occupancy permit from either Penn DOT or the Township as applicable.
[B] 
FCC license. If applicable, the applicant shall submit a copy of its current FCC license, including the name, address, and emergency telephone number for the operator any facilities located in the Township.
[viii] 
Restoration. After completion of any maintenance, placement, installation, or removal of any wireless communications facility in the ROW, the owner of such facility shall, at its own expense, restore the ROW to its original condition within 25 days, or such longer period as may reasonably be required.
[c] 
Standard of care. All wireless communications facilities shall be designed, constructed, operated, maintained, repaired, modified and removed in strict compliance with all current applicable technical, safety and safety-related codes, including but not limited to, the most recent editions of the American National Standards Institute (ANSI) Code, National Electrical Safety Code, National Electrical Code, as well as the accepted and responsible workmanlike industry practices of the National Association of Tower Erectors. Any facilities shall at all times be kept and maintained in good condition, order and repair by qualified maintenance and construction personnel, so that the same shall not endanger the life of any person or any property in the Township.
[d] 
Maintenance standards. The following maintenance requirements shall apply: all wireless communications facilities shall be fully automated and unattended on a daily basis and shall be visited only for maintenance or emergency repair; such maintenance shall be performed to ensure the upkeep of the facility in order to promote the safety and security of the Township's residents; all maintenance activities shall utilize nothing less than the best available technology for preventing failures and accidents.
[e] 
Time, place and manner. The installation shall be in accordance with the requirements of the highway occupancy permit issued for the facility.
[f] 
Reservation of rights. In accordance with applicable law, the Township reserves the right to deny an application for the construction or placement of any wireless communications facility for numerous factors, which include but are not limited to, visual impact, design, and safety standards.
[g] 
Relocation or removal of facilities. Within 60 days following written notice from the Township, or such longer period as the Township determines is reasonably necessary or such shorter period in the case of an emergency, an owner of wireless communications facility in the ROW shall, at its own expense, temporarily or permanently remove, relocate, change or alter the position of any wireless communications facility when the Township, consistent with its police powers and applicable Public Utility Commission regulations, shall determine that such removal, relocation, change or alteration is reasonably necessary under the following circumstances:
[i] 
The construction, repair, maintenance or installation of any Township or other public improvement in the right-of-way;
[ii] 
The operations of the Township or other governmental entity in the right-of-way;
[iii] 
Vacation of a street or road or the release of a utility easement; or
[iv] 
An emergency as determined by the Township.
[h] 
Notice of transfer, sale or assignment. If the owner of a wireless telecommunications facility in the ROW sells, transfers or assigns those facilities to another party, the transferee, buyer or assignee shall be obligated to comply with the regulations set forth in this subsection. Notice of the transfer, sale or assignment shall be provided to the Township within 30 days of the effective date of the transfer, sale or assignment. Such notice shall include the contact information for the transferee, buyer or assignee.
[i] 
Insurance. Each person that owns or operates a wireless communications facility shall provide the Township with a certificate of insurance evidencing general liability coverage in the minimum amount of $1,000,000 per occurrence and property damage coverage in the minimum amount of $1,000,000 per occurrence covering each facility.
[j] 
Indemnification. Each person that owns or operates a wireless communications facility shall, at its sole cost and expense, indemnify, defend and hold harmless the Township, its elected and appointed officials, employees and agents, at all times against any and all claims for personal injury, including death, and property damage arising in whole or in part from, caused by or connected with any act or omission of the person, its officers, agents, employees or contractors arising out of, but not limited to, the construction, installation, operation, maintenance or removal of the facility. Each person that owns or operates a wireless communications facility shall defend any actions or proceedings against the Township in which it is claimed that personal injury, including death, or property damage was caused by the construction, installation, operation, maintenance or removal of facility. The obligation to indemnify, hold harmless and defend shall include, but not be limited to, the obligation to pay judgments, injuries, liabilities, damages, reasonable attorneys' fees, reasonable expert fees, court costs and all other costs of indemnification.
[k] 
Financial security. Prior to receipt of a zoning permit for the construction or placement of a wireless communications facility, the applicant shall provide to the Township financial security sufficient to guarantee the removal of the proposed wireless communications facility. The applicant shall submit an estimate of such removal costs to the Township Engineer for review and approval of same. Said financial security shall remain in place until the facility is removed.
(i) 
Day-care center, child or adult, as a principal use.
[1] 
Shall not meet the definition of a "boardinghouse" or "treatment center."
[2] 
A child day-care center shall include a safe and fenced outdoor play area.
[3] 
Any additional off-street parking needed for the center shall be provided on the same lot as the center. A minimum of 10% of the required parking or at least four regular and/or one handicapped parking spaces shall be designed and reserved for the convenient and safe pickup and drop off of persons.
[4] 
The operation of such center shall be in accordance with applicable state standards, including having a valid state license and/or registration as required.
[5] 
The use shall include constant supervision during all hours of operation.
(j) 
Funeral home. Minimum lot area: 2.0 acres.
(k) 
Gasoline service station.
[1] 
All activities except those to be performed at the fuel pumps shall be performed within a completely enclosed building.
[2] 
Fuel pumps shall be at least 25 feet from any street line.
[3] 
Automobiles taken to a service station for outside storage because of an accident shall remain no longer than 15 days from the day the car arrives at the station unless otherwise extended by the Zoning Officer.
[4] 
All automobile parts and inoperable motor vehicles shall be stored within a building.
[5] 
Paint spraying or body- and fender work shall not be permitted.
[6] 
No portion of the lot shall be used for private parking or the parking of other vehicles except for employees and the automotive service station customer.
(l) 
Golf course. No miniature golf course shall be permitted as part of this use.
(m) 
Group home.
[1] 
See definition in § 240-6.
[2] 
Supervision. There shall be adequate professional supervision as needed by an adequate number of person(s) trained in the field for which the group home is intended. Staffing shall meet requirements of any applicable federal, state or county standards.
[3] 
Certification. Any group home involving four or more unrelated persons living in a dwelling unit or that is otherwise required to be licensed or certified under an applicable state, county or federal program shall be certified or licensed, as applicable, as a condition of Township approval.
[a] 
A copy of any such license or certification shall be filed with the Township and shall be required to be shown to the Zoning Officer in the future upon request. The group home shall notify the Township, in writing, within 14 days if there is a change in the type of clients, the sponsoring agency, the maximum number of residents, or if an applicable certification/license expires, is suspended or is withdrawn.
[b] 
If such group home is not so certified or licensed, then the applicant shall provide a written and signed statement from a qualified medical professional stating that adequate staffing is being provided for the type of client being served. Such statement shall be subject to review and acceptance by the Township.
[4] 
Registration. The group home shall register its location, general type of treatment/care, maximum number of residents and sponsoring agency with the Township. Such information shall be available for public review upon request.
[5] 
Counseling. Any medical or counseling services provided on the lot shall be limited to residents.
[6] 
Parking. One off-street parking space shall be provided for each employee on duty at any one time, and every resident of a type reasonably expected to be capable of driving a vehicle. Off-street parking areas of more than four spaces shall be buffered from adjacent existing single-family dwellings by a planting screen meeting the requirements of Article V.
[7] 
The use shall not meet the definition in § 240-6 of a "treatment center." A group home shall not house persons who can reasonably be considered to be a physical threat to others.
[8] 
Appearance. If the group home is within a residential district, the building shall be maintained and/or constructed to ensure that it is closely similar in appearance, condition and character to the other residential structures in the area. No exterior signs shall be permitted.
[9] 
The restriction on the number of residents in a group home shall include any employee(s) who routinely stay overnight on-site. A group home shall be regulated by the maximum number of unrelated persons permitted to live in a dwelling unit under the definition of "family." However, that number of unrelated persons may be increased to the following total number for a group home serving physically handicapped or developmentally disabled/retarded persons:
[a] 
Single-family detached dwelling with minimum lot area of 15,000 square feet and minimum building setbacks from all lot lines of 15 feet: five persons.
[b] 
Single-family detached dwelling with minimum lot area of 30,000 square feet and minimum building setbacks from all lot lines of 25 feet: eight persons.
[c] 
In an I-2 District, where permitted: 20 persons, provided that there is a minimum building setback from all lot lines of 75 feet.
[10] 
Septic. If a group home will use an on-lot septic system and will involve six or more persons routinely on the premises at any one time, the septic system shall be required to be reviewed by the County Health Department to determine if it is adequate.
[11] 
Employees of the group home shall be prohibited from having visitors on the premises, unless such visitation is necessary for the operation of the group home and except for emergencies.
[12] 
The use shall provide illuminated exit signs, emergency battery-powered lighting and a minimum of two ABC-rated fire extinguishers. The use shall also have an interconnected smoke detector system with a central station fire alarm system.
[13] 
See provisions in § 240-58E, regarding variances to comply with federal law.
(n) 
Helipad (or heliport). As an accessory or principal use.
[1] 
Minimum lot area for helipad: five acres.
[2] 
The heliport may be an accessory or a principal use on a lot in the I-2 District, but shall require conditional use approval. The use shall be a private facility that is not open for use by the general public.
[3] 
The applicant shall provide evidence that the site and its design has been approved by the Pennsylvania Bureau of Aviation and the Federal Aviation Administration.
[4] 
The proposed primary flight paths shall be designed to minimize noise hazards to existing residences or approved residential developments.
[5] 
Any portion of the helipad shall be 1,000 feet from any residential district or the lot line of any other existing dwelling unit for property that the applicant does not own or upon which have an agreement of sale.
[6] 
The helipad shall only be used for a maximum of 14 total combined takeoffs and landings per week (such as seven takeoffs and seven landings).
[7] 
The maximum of 500 gallons of fuel for helicopters may be stored on site.
[8] 
The heliport shall be limited to use between the hours of 7:00 a.m. and 9:00 p.m., except for medical emergencies.
[9] 
The heliport may only be used under visual flight rule conditions, except for emergencies.
[10] 
Conditions. The Board of Supervisors shall place such reasonable conditions on the use to protect the public from noise nuisances and safety hazards. These types of conditions include limiting the maximum sizes of helicopters, the hours of operations, the numbers of flights and the general direction of approach. However, such Board shall not place any conditions on the use that will seriously interfere with the safety of the operations.
(o) 
Horse barns. Shall comply with all the requirements for horse barns (§ 240-32A) and animal husbandry (this section).
(p) 
Junkyard (includes automobile salvage yard).
[1] 
Storage of garbage or biodegradable material is prohibited, other than what is customarily generated on site and routinely awaiting pickup.
[2] 
Outdoor storage of junk shall be at least 100 feet from any residential lot line and at least 50 feet from any other lot line and the existing right-of-way of any public street.
[3] 
The site shall contain a minimum of two exterior points of access, each of which is not less than 20 feet in width. One of these accesses may be limited to emergency vehicles. Cleared driveways shall be provided throughout the entire use to allow access by emergency vehicles. Adequate off-street parking areas shall be provided for customers.
[4] 
Outdoor storage shall be completely enclosed (except at approved driveway entrances) by a fifty-foot-wide buffer yard which is screened in accordance with § 240-27C(3), unless such storage is not visible from an exterior lot line or street. The initial height of the evergreen planting shall be six feet. Secure fencing with a minimum height of eight feet shall be provided and well-maintained around all outdoor storage areas. Such fencing shall be provided inside of the evergreen screening.
[5] 
Burning or incineration of vehicles or junk is prohibited.
[6] 
See the noise or dust regulations of Article V.
[7] 
All gasoline and oil shall be drained from all vehicles and properly disposed of. All batteries shall be removed from vehicles and properly stored in a suitable area on an impervious, properly drained surface.
[8] 
Lot area: three acres minimum; 20 acres maximum.
(q) 
Life care development.
[1] 
Minimum tract area. A life care development shall require a total minimum tract area, excluding any portions thereof lying within a street right-of-way, of 10 acres.
[Amended 5-5-1998 by Ord. No. 119-C-98]
[2] 
The residents must be at least 55 years of age, except that spouses of residents may be less than 55 years old, and except that residents of younger age may be permitted if they need such care because of physical disabilities.
[3] 
The life care development shall be developed in accordance with all the standards in § 240-29C, except for the following standards which will apply to a life care development:
[a] 
Density. No more than one dwelling unit shall be constructed for each 2,175 square feet of minimum tract area. This density shall be calculated as follows:
[Amended 5-5-1998 by Ord. No. 119-C-98; 8-21-2001 by Ord. No. 129-E-01]
[i] 
Each independent living house unit: one dwelling unit.
[ii] 
Intermediated care facility. Each bed: 1/2 dwelling unit.
[iii] 
Skilled care facility. Each bed: 1/2 dwelling unit.
[b] 
Maximum building and impervious coverage. The maximum building coverage shall be 25%, and the maximum impervious surface coverage shall be 45%.
[Amended 8-21-2001 by Ord. No. 129-E-01]
[c] 
Maximum height. The maximum height of all buildings shall not exceed three stories or 35 feet. No unit shall be more than two stories above its ground entrance without the use of elevators.
[d] 
Building separations. No building which has three or fewer stories shall have any wall greater than 100 feet in horizontal length, without architecturally attractive offsets, and every building which has three or fewer stories shall be separated from no more than two other buildings by at least 1 1/2 times the height of the building. All buildings may be interconnected at all floors with enclosed corridors.
[e] 
Recreation spaces. One or more recreation spaces (each with a minimum area of 1,200 square feet) shall be provided, whose total area equals at least 100 square feet per unit. All recreation spaces shall be located in areas suitable for outdoor recreation. All recreation spaces shall be at least 20 feet from any building.
[f] 
Buffer yards. Buffer yards in accordance with § 240-27C(2) shall be provided around the perimeter of the life care development.
[4] 
Sundries/gift shop. The purpose of this small shop is to afford an opportunity for the residents of the life care development and their guests to purchase personal services, necessary toiletries and other sundry items. The maximum size of this shop shall not exceed 500 square feet.
[5] 
Ownership. Except to the extent the independent living units are proposed for fee simple or condominium ownership, the life care development shall be constructed, owned and maintained either by a single legal entity and shall be retained in single ownership or, with the approval of the Board, by more than one entity and ownership when the entirety of the development is subject to both a written management agreement to which both entities are bound, and to a recorded declaration of covenants, restrictions, easements and conditions requiring the continued combined use of the development tract as a life care development in perpetuity, until released from such restriction by the Board. The agreement and declaration shall be subject to the approval of the Board with respect to those provisions which are material to the regulations imposed by Subsection C(3)(q).
[Amended 5-5-1998 by Ord. No. 119-C-98]
[6] 
Services/facilities. The services and/or facilities within the development shall be for the exclusive use of the residents of the development and their guests.
[7] 
A life care development shall devote at least 35% of the total floor area of the facility to common amenities for resident care and benefit, including but not limited to centralized dining facilities, community lounges, meeting and activity rooms, doctor and nurse examination rooms, administrative offices and support service area.
[8] 
A life care development shall designate and devote at all times at least 10% of the units to intermediate care units.
[9] 
A life care development may be owned and operated by separate entities on not more than three contiguous lots held in single and separate ownership (a "split life care development"), subject to each lot's compliance with the regulations specified in this § 240-31C(3)(q), except minimum lot area, which shall be as required by Subsection C(3)(q)[9][c] of this section, and compliance with the following requirements. (Note: In the case of a life care development consisting of two of the three allowable components permitted by § 240-6, the life care development shall be restricted to two lots. In the case of a life care development consisting of the three allowable components permitted by § 240-6, the life care development may consist of, but shall be limited to, three contiguous lots.)
[Added 8-21-2001 by Ord. No. 129-E-01]
[a] 
A joint application for the proposed uses shall be filed by the respective lot owners/operators, each of which will describe the specific and distinct life care development components required as defined in § 240-6. The application shall specify the applicant's intent to develop the proposed uses as a life care development.
[b] 
Separate plans satisfying the sketch plan requirements of § 205-27 of the East Goshen Code shall be filed with the application for each proposed use and development. In addition, such plans shall specify any proposed cross-easements for pedestrian and vehicular access, utilities, parking and/or maintenance, if any, and the final plan shall be accompanied by a proposed declaration of any such cross-easements in form and content as approved by the Township Solicitor and suitable for recording with the final plan.
[c] 
None of the proposed lots shall be less than three contiguous acres in area, and, in combination, they shall not be lot less than 10 contiguous acres in area.
[d] 
The Board may approve as a conditional use the encroachment of a portion of not more than one building within one of the side yards of each separate contiguous lot constituting a split life care development for the purpose of facilitating interior access from one such building to another. Such encroachment shall be limited to only such portion of the buildings as are practically required for such connection, it being the intention of this subsection not to sanction complete elimination of the side yard requirement. The extent of such encroachment shall be subject to the discretion of the Board, upon due proof by the applicant of the necessity for such interconnection of buildings.
[e] 
If approved, each conditional use approval for the uses constituting the split life care development shall be subject, however, to the execution by the operators and approval by the Board of a written agreement, in form and content as approved by the Township Solicitor, describing the extent to which the respective operators will market to the public or otherwise make available designated services provided by them to the residents of each such component of the life care development, as for example, priority in admissions, dining services, health-care services, transportation services or other such services incidental to a life care community.
(r) 
Mobile/manufactured home. On an individual lot or within a mobile/manufactured home park.
[1] 
Construction. Any mobile/manufactured home placed on any lot after the adoption of this chapter shall be constructed in accordance with the Safety and Construction Standards of the United States Department of Housing and Urban Development. These federal standards supersede the BOCA Code for the actual construction of the home itself.
[2] 
Each site shall be graded to provide a stable and well-drained area.
[3] 
Each home shall have the hitch mechanism removed. It is recommended, but not required, that the wheels and axles be removed and stored under the home.
[4] 
Installation. A system of securing the home to the ground shall be installed that will prevent shifting, overturning or uneven settling of the home and to provide a secure base for installation of tie-downs. This shall involve the following method, unless the applicant proves to the satisfaction of the Zoning Officer that another method will be used that is recommended by the manufacturer of the home or by the manufacturing housing industry.
[a] 
The foundation system shall consist of concrete piers or concrete footings perpendicular to the main longitudinal frame, or equivalent, and shall be installed from ground level to below the frost line (36 inches minimum). The piers or footings shall be a minimum of four inches greater in width than the concrete blocks used to support the home. Concrete blocks shall have a minimum width of eight inches. This foundation system shall be placed on approximately eight-foot centers (unless another distance is specifically recommended, in writing, by the manufacturer) along each of the two main longitudinal frames for each section of the home, with no more than three feet of overhang at each end of the section. The Township Building Inspector may review and approve other foundation options such as concrete trench piers placed perpendicular to the main longitudinal frame, concrete slabs under the entire home footprint or equivalent foundation systems.
[b] 
One-half-inch diameter by twelve-inch-long eyebolts, or approved equivalent u-shaped bars, that shall be cast in place at each corner and at two midpoints in the concrete piers, concrete footing, slab or equivalent foundation. Concrete blocks shall be used to support the home on the foundation system and metal or masonry shims may be used for final leveling. The concrete support blocks shall not be wider than the support foundation.
[c] 
Each mobile/manufactured home shall be securely anchored or tied down with cable and turnbuckles or equivalent connecting the frame to the cast-in-place eyebolts on at least four corners and two midpoints. The tie-down shall also be in accordance with the manufacturer's recommendations furnished with each home.
[d] 
Mobile homes shall not be placed more than four feet above the supporting ground area.
[e] 
As part of the construction standards for each mobile home, the United States Housing and Urban Development Department requires that each unit be built to meet certain windstorm protection requirements. As of 1993, these regulations in Section 3280.307 of Title 24 of the United States Code included the following statement: "Anchoring equipment shall be capable of resisting an allowable working load equal to or exceeding 3,150 pounds and shall be capable of withstanding a fifty-percent overload (4,725 pounds total) without failure of either the anchoring equipment or the attachment point on the manufactured home."
[5] 
Skirting. The space between the bottom of the home and the ground and/or home pad shall be enclosed using either:
[a] 
Industry-approved skirting material compatible with the home; or
[b] 
If a concrete foundation is used, masonry walls underneath the home with soil backfill to result in the surrounding ground level being no more than three steps in height below the first floor elevation. If this alternative is used, an access area with lower grade through the masonry area shall be installed, with 24 inches minimum height that allows convenient access by humans for service.
(s) 
Mobile home park. Shall comply with all the requirements of § 205-64B of Chapter 205, Subdivision and Land Development.
(t) 
Motel. § 240-27C shall be followed to guide the design and landscaping of the motel.
(u) 
Motorcycle dealer/sales.
[1] 
The outdoor display of motorcycles shall be prohibited within any yard area.
[2] 
All repairs shall be undertaken within an enclosed building.
[3] 
All parts and inoperable cycles shall be stored within a building.
(v) 
Multiple uses in a multiple-use building in the I-1 District pursuant to § 240-19C(1) and in the BP District pursuant to § 240-21C(1). The following shall apply if an existing building is to be converted or if a new building is built for multiple uses:
[Amended 6-7-2011 by Ord. No. 129-F-11]
[1] 
Each use shall have a minimum of 5,000 square feet of contiguous floor space. Separate users which are the same type of principal use may make up the minimum 5,000 square feet of floor space.
[2] 
A development plan shall be submitted and conform to Chapter 205, Subdivision and Land Development, as well as §§ 240-24 and 240-27.
(w) 
Office development. No additional requirements.
(x) 
Outdoor retail sale of items associated with holidays. The sale of items shall be for a period not to exceed 60 days during a calendar year. The area shall be restored to its prior condition within two days after the holiday.
[1] 
Place of worship. [See Subsection C(3)(g).]
(y) 
Private recreation facility.
[1] 
Only the following activities shall be permitted in conjunction with this use: arts and crafts, nature study, music, dramatics, dance, swimming, tennis, horseback riding and recreational athletic programs.
[2] 
No motorized rides or activities utilizing motorized equipment shall be conducted.
[3] 
Any outdoor activity shall not take place within the required front, side or rear yards.
[4] 
No parking shall be permitted within the required front, side or rear yards.
[5] 
No outside lighting shall be permitted, except for lighting which is needed for security purposes.
[6] 
There shall be no less than one off-street parking space provided for each five persons of total design capacity of the facility, or at least one off-street parking space for each 50 square feet of floor area used or intended to be used for service to customers, patrons, clients, guests or members, whichever requires the greater number of off-street parking space, plus one space for each employee on the shift of highest employment.
[7] 
The outdoor storage of materials and/or equipment shall be in accordance with § 240-27C(4).
(z) 
Publicly owned recreation. Any outdoor activity area shall be located no closer to any lot line than the required front-yard depth and shall be, if necessary, screened to protect the neighborhood from any possible activity.
(aa) 
Public utility facility and/or public utility building.
[Amended 3-17-2015 by Ord. No. 129-C-2015]
[1] 
No obnoxious, toxic or corrosive fumes or gases shall be emitted as a result of the use.
[2] 
No use shall emit offensive odors which are perceptible at lot lines.
[3] 
No use shall discharge into the air dust or other particulate matter in a manner or quantity which does not conform to all applicable federal and state laws and implementing regulation.
[4] 
No use shall emit smoke from operations.
[5] 
No use shall produce any heat perceptible at or beyond the lot boundaries.
[6] 
No use shall utilize lighting in a manner which does not conform with the lighting standards in this chapter.
[7] 
No use shall permit physical vibrations perceptible at or beyond the lot boundaries.
[8] 
No use shall emit potentially harmful radiation.
[9] 
No use shall engage in the production or storage of any material designed for use as an explosive.
[10] 
No use shall engage in the storage of waste materials on the lot for any period beyond five days. Such waste material storage shall be located behind the front building line of the primary building and no closer than 50 feet to any rear or side lot line and shall be completely screened from the view of any street or adjoining property.
[11] 
No use shall discharge any objectionable and/or potentially dangerous effluent from plant operations.
[12] 
No industrial lagoons for chemicals or other liquid waste shall be permitted.
[13] 
The portion of any such use not located within a building shall be enclosed or adequately screened in such a manner as to not be visible across property lines.
[14] 
All uses shall be conducted in compliance with applicable governmental regulations, including the noise and lighting regulations in this chapter.
[15] 
No retail activity shall be permitted.
[16] 
The owner of the public utility facility and public utility building shall provide the Township with an emergency liaison that may be reached 24 hours a day, seven days a week, in the event of an emergency.
[17] 
The owner of the public utility facility and public utility building shall prepare and file with the Township an emergency response plan which shall be followed in the event of an emergency at the facility.
[18] 
A public utility facility and/or public utility building shall be fully screened in accordance with the criteria set forth in § 240-27C(3).
(bb) 
Radio or television transmitter. [See Subsection C(3)(h).]
(cc) 
Restaurant and beverage cafe.
[Amended 7-7-2015 by Ord. No. 129-F-2015]
[1] 
Any restaurant or beverage cafe with a drive-through shall be designed to allow safe pedestrian movement on the property and with sufficient stacking capacity to prevent backups of traffic onto a street.
[2] 
All outdoor trash dumpsters shall be totally screened as required by § 240-27C(4).
(dd) 
Riding academy. All of the requirements of § 240-34A(1) that would relate to animal husbandry shall be met.
(ee) 
Shopping center.
[1] 
No storage of materials, equipment or goods shall be permitted outside a building unless they are located within a permanently enclosed patio.
[2] 
The use shall comply with § 240-27C.
[3] 
If the development of the shopping center is to be carried out in progressive stages, each stage shall be so planned that the requirements of this section and the intent of this chapter shall be met at the completion of any stage.
(ff) 
Single-family cluster development shall comply with all of the requirements of § 240-28.
(gg) 
Self-storage development.
[1] 
All storage units shall be fire-resistant and water-resistant.
[2] 
Outdoor storage shall be limited to recreational vehicles, boats and trailers. All vehicles located outside of an enclosed building shall display current registration and current safety inspection stickers.
[3] 
Trash, radioactive or highly toxic substances, garbage, refuse, explosives or flammable materials, hazardous substances, animal carcasses or skins or similar items shall not be stored.
[4] 
Nothing shall be stored in interior traffic aisles, required off-street parking areas, loading areas or accessways.
[5] 
Major bodywork on vehicles shall not be permitted. The use shall not include a commercial auto repair garage unless that use is permitted in the district and the use meets those requirements.
[6] 
Adequate lighting shall be provided for security, but it shall be directed away or shielded from any adjacent residential uses.
[7] 
Any areas of the use that are within 200 feet of the existing right-of-way of an expressway, arterial street or collector street shall be separated from that street by a buffer yard with screening under Article V.
[8] 
Maximum building length: 250 feet.
[9] 
Minimum separation between buildings: 20 feet.
(hh) 
Solid waste transfer facility. (See definition in § 240-6.)
[1] 
All solid waste storage or processing shall be at least 200 feet from the following: a public street right-of-way, exterior lot line, one-hundred-year floodplain, edge of a surface water body (including a water-filled quarry) or wetland of more than two acres in area.
[2] 
All areas to be used for the storage or processing of solid waste shall be a minimum of 1,000 feet from any residential district, publicly owned park or any existing dwelling that the applicant does not have an agreement to purchase or the banks of any perennial creek or river.
[3] 
The use shall be served by a minimum of two paved access roads, each with a minimum cartway width of 24 feet. One of these roads may be restricted to use by emergency vehicles.
[4] 
Burning or incineration shall be prohibited.
[5] 
The operation and day-to-day maintenance of the solid waste disposal area shall comply with all applicable state and federal regulations as a condition of the continuance of any permit of the Township. Violations of this condition shall also be considered to be violations of this chapter.
[6] 
The applicant shall provide a traffic study that demonstrates to the satisfaction of the Board of Supervisors that the existing street network can handle the additional truck traffic, especially without bringing extraordinary numbers of trash-hauling trucks through or alongside existing residential or residentially zoned areas.
[7] 
The applicant shall prove to the satisfaction of the Board of Supervisors that the use would not routinely create noxious odors off of the tract. (See § 240-24G.)
[8] 
A chain link or other approved fence with a minimum height of eight feet shall surround active solid waste disposal areas to prevent the scattering of litter and to keep out children, unless the applicant proves to the satisfaction of the Board of Supervisors that this is unnecessary. The Board shall require earth berms, evergreen screening and/or shade trees as needed to prevent landfill operations from being visible from an expressway or arterial streets or dwellings.
[9] 
A minimum total lot area of 20 acres (which may include land in an adjoining municipality) is required. A solid waste facility shall have a maximum total capacity of 500 tons per day.
[10] 
Health hazards. Any facility shall be operated in such a manner as to prevent the attraction, harborage or breeding of insects, rodents or vectors.
[11] 
Attendant. An attendant shall be present during all periods of operation or dumping.
[12] 
Gates. Secure gates, fences, earth mounds and/or dense vegetation shall prevent unauthorized access.
[13] 
Emergency access. The operator of the use shall cooperate fully with local emergency services. This should include allowing practice exercises on the site and the provision of all information needed by the emergency services to determine potential hazards. Adequate means of emergency access shall be provided.
[14] 
Under authority granted to the Township under Act 101 of 1988[6], the hours of operation shall be limited to between 7:00 a.m. and 8:00 p.m.
[6]
Editor's Note: See 53 P.S. § 4000.101 et seq.
[15] 
Tires shall not be stored on site in a manner creating a fire hazard.
[16] 
Litter. The operator shall regularly police the area of the facility and surrounding streets to collect litter that may escape from the facility or trucks.
[17] 
Dangerous materials. No radioactive, hazardous, chemotherapeutic or infectious materials may be stored, processed, disposed of or incinerated. "Infectious materials" are defined as medical wastes used or created in the treatment of persons or animals with seriously contagious diseases.
[18] 
The applicant shall provide sufficient information for the Township to determine that the requirements of this chapter will be met.
[19] 
State requirements. Nothing in this chapter is intended to supersede any state requirements. It is the intent of this chapter that when similar issues are regulated on both the Township and state levels, the stricter requirement shall apply for each aspect, unless it is determined that an individual state regulation preempts Township regulation in a particular aspect. The applicant shall provide the Zoning Officer with a copy of all written materials and plans that are submitted to the Pennsylvania Department of Environmental Protection at the same time as they are submitted to the Pennsylvania Department of Environmental Protection.
[20] 
A recycling collection center and/or bulk recycling center are permitted in combination with the use.
[21] 
All loading and unloading of solid waste shall only occur within an enclosed building and over an impervious surface which drains to a holding tank that is then adequately treated.
(ii) 
Swimming pool. The standards for swimming pools in § 240-32 shall apply.
(jj) 
Tennis/exercise club.
[1] 
No loudspeaker or amplifying device shall be permitted which will project sound beyond the boundaries of the lot.
[2] 
No lighting shall be permitted which will shine on an adjacent lot.
(kk) 
Townhouses. Shall comply with all of the requirements of § 240-30.
(ll) 
Township park. Any outdoor activity area shall be located no closer to any lot line than the required front yard depth and, if necessary, shall be screened to protect the neighborhood from any possible activity.
(mm) 
Treatment center.
[1] 
The applicant shall provide a written description of all types of residents the use is intended to include over the life of the permit. Any future additions or modifications to this list shall require approval of the Board of Supervisors as a conditional use.
[2] 
The applicant shall prove to the satisfaction of the Board of Supervisors that such use will involve adequate supervision and security measures to protect public safety.
[3] 
The Board of Supervisors may place conditions on the use as necessary to protect public safety, including conditions on the types of residents and security measures.
[4] 
The use shall provide temporary treatment which shall not routinely exceed 12 months and shall not be a long-term residential use.
[5] 
Shall have a minimum lot area of 10 acres.
[6] 
Shall be set back a minimum of 250 feet from any lot line of an existing dwelling that has a different owner from the owner of the treatment center lot.
[7] 
The restrictions on the location of a methadone treatment facility found in § 621 of the Pennsylvania Municipalities Planning Code, 53 P.S. § 10621, shall apply and be enforced in the Township.
[Added 10-29-2002 by Ord. No. 129-Q-02]
(nn) 
Trucking company terminal.
[1] 
Minimum lot area shall be five acres, except 10 acres for a use involving 10 or more loading/unloading bays.
[2] 
All tractor-trailer truck parking, outdoor storage and/or loading/unloading areas that are visible from beyond the exterior lot lines of the use shall be screened by a fifty-foot-wide buffer yard. This buffer yard shall meet the following conditions:
[a] 
Include evergreen screening meeting the provisions of Article V.
[b] 
Include the planting of deciduous shade trees which shall meet the following requirements:
[i] 
Shall meet the provisions of Chapter 205, Subdivision and Land Development, that concern types and initial sizes of shade trees.
[ii] 
Shall be placed an average of every 60 feet of the lot perimeter, including abutting streets (such trees are not required to planted at regular intervals, but may be clustered).
[iii] 
Shall be of types selected to be resistant to diesel exhaust.
[iv] 
Shall be planted on the exterior side of any required berm (or any wall that might be permitted in place of such berm), any wall used for screening, any fence and any evergreen screening.
[v] 
Shall not be planted on the top of any berm, in order to provide effective screening.
[vi] 
May be planted within the future street right-of-way.
[3] 
The use shall not be required to meet Township requirements requiring landscaped areas to be placed in the center of paved areas.
[4] 
Any entrance for trucks, loading/unloading area, outdoor storage or truck parking area shall be a minimum of 250 feet from any dwelling.
[5] 
The use shall include an appropriate system to contain and properly dispose of any fuel, grease, oils or similar pollutants that may spill or leak where such substances are stored or where vehicles are fueled, repaired or maintained.
[6] 
Any tractor-trailer truck parking, outdoor storage and/or loading/unloading areas that are visible from and are within 250 feet of the exterior lot lines of the use shall be separated from such lot lines by an earthen berm. Such berm shall meet the following conditions:
[a] 
Shall average a minimum of five feet in height above the adjacent average ground level (disregarding any drainage channel) on the outside of the berm.
[b] 
Shall not have one completely continuous height, but instead shall vary in height by one or two feet in places.
[c] 
Shall have a maximum side slope of three horizontal to one vertical.
[d] 
Shall be covered by a well-maintained all-season natural ground cover, such as grass.
(oo) 
Truck and other heavy equipment repairs. All repairs shall be undertaken within an enclosed building.
(pp) 
Wholesaling, warehousing and distribution. All loading and unloading operations shall be carried on within or contiguous to the facade of any building(s) used for such purpose.
(qq) 
Parking in front yard and/or impervious coverage expansion. Motor vehicle parking shall be permitted in the required front yard and the impervious coverage may be increased to 60% or the impervious coverage may be increased to 60% to provide for additional parking in other locations for properties in the I-1 and BP Zoning Districts, provided that all of the following requirements are met:
[Added 4-7-1998 by Ord. No. 119-A-98; amended 6-3-2003 by Ord. No. 129-F-03]
[1] 
Justification of need. The applicant shall present evidence at the conditional use hearing justifying the need for the additional parking. The burden of proof shall be on the applicant to demonstrate that the additional parking is warranted and, if applicable, that there is no other area of the lot where the parking could be located. The determination of whether or not the evidence presented is sufficient to warrant the installation of additional parking and/or the increase in impervious coverage under this section is at the sole discretion of the Board of Supervisors.
[2] 
All parking areas shall be located a minimum of 20 feet from the street right-of-way line, except that additional parking shall not be located between the right-of-way lines of Paoli Pike, Boot Road and Airport Road and the building setback lines of the respective lots. There shall be a landscaped area between the front of the building and the parking area. This area shall be a minimum of 15 feet in width.
[3] 
The applicant shall prove to the satisfaction of the Township Engineer that there will be proper stormwater management of the increased runoff. The applicant shall, to the maximum extent possible if soil conditions warrant, recharge the additional stormwater generated as a result of the increase in impervious coverage.
[4] 
The applicant shall submit a landscaping plan that shows the location of all buildings and parking and the location, species and initial heights of proposed landscaping. The landscaping plan shall be prepared by a registered landscape architect.
[a] 
At an absolute minimum, such additional landscaping shall include a minimum of two deciduous or evergreen trees and four deciduous or evergreen shrubs for each 3,000 square feet of impervious coverage above the fifty-percent maximum impervious coverage.
[b] 
Each required deciduous tree shall have an initial trunk width of 2 1/2 inches in diameter (caliper) measured one foot above the soil line. Each evergreen tree shall be a minimum of eight feet in height. The required deciduous or evergreen shrubs shall have an initial minimum height of 30 inches.
[c] 
Such landscaping shall be in addition to any landscaping that exists on the effective date of this subsection.
[d] 
The majority of the additional landscaping shall be located to reduce the visual impact of the additional parking as viewed from adjacent properties.
(rr) 
Private primary school and church or place of worship.
[Added 9-7-1999 by Ord. No. 129-F-99]
[1] 
Minimum lot area: 12 acres.
[2] 
Parking for each principal use shall be as required by § 240-33 for each such principal use.
[3] 
No hospital, sanatorium or penal institution shall be permitted.
[4] 
All buildings, regardless of the use to which they are put, shall comply with the requirements for a school specified in § 240-9G, except for the minimum lot area requirement, which shall be 12 acres.
[5] 
If the lot contains two or more principal buildings, each principal building shall be separated from any other principal building by a distance of at least 80 feet, measured from the face of the foundation wall of the nearest point of any such building.
[6] 
A rectory, parsonage and/or convent shall be a permitted accessory use.
[7] 
Signs. A maximum of two freestanding, direct illuminated signs shall be permitted. Each sign shall not exceed 24 square feet in area and shall not exceed 4.5 feet in height. The signs shall be generally consistent in materials and font size.
[Added 5-7-2002 by Ord. No. 129-L-02]
(ss) 
Bed-and-breakfast.
[Added 3-7-2000 by Ord. No. 129-E-00]
[1] 
The use shall be conducted in a single-family detached dwelling having its frontage on one of the following four state-owned roadways:
[a] 
Route 3 - West Chester Pike;
[b] 
Paoli Pike;
[c] 
Boot Road; or
[d] 
Route 352 - North Chester Road.
[2] 
A minimum of 50% of the gross floor area of the single-family detached dwelling shall have been constructed prior to January 1, 1940. The determination shall be made by the Board of Supervisors based on recommendations from one or more of the following sources:
[a] 
The Zoning Officer and/or Building Inspector of East Goshen Township;
[b] 
Proof of listing on the National Historic Register or the State Historic Register;
[c] 
A licensed/registered professional architect or engineer specializing in historic preservation; the East Goshen Township Historic Commission; or
[d] 
Presentation by the applicant of other evidence to the Board of Supervisors, including but not limited to photographs, tax records and building permits.
[3] 
No construction, alteration or renovation of the proposed bed-and-breakfast shall take place which would in any way change the exterior appearance from that of a single-family dwelling. No renovation of the building proposed to house the bed-and-breakfast shall occur prior to the approval of the Board of Supervisors based on the recommendation of the Historic Commission.
[4] 
The bed-and-breakfast shall constitute the principal residence of the owner/operator, as these terms are defined in § 240-6.
[5] 
A maximum of five guest rooms shall be permitted.
[a] 
Each guest room shall be provided with a separate bath facility which, at the minimum, shall contain a sink, water closet and shower or tub.
[b] 
A separate bathroom shall be provided for the operator of the bed-and-breakfast.
[c] 
Dining facilities shall be restricted to overnight guests, and only breakfast shall be served. There shall not be separate cooking facilities, including hot plates, in any guest room or public area, other than the primary kitchen.
[d] 
There shall be no retail sales of any items on the premises.
[e] 
The maximum length of stay for any guest shall be 30 nights in any ninety-day period. The owner shall maintain a guest register and shall preserve registration records for a minimum of three years. All registration records shall be available for review by Township officials during regular business hours.
[Amended 3-18-2006 by Ord. No. 129-A-06]
[6] 
There shall be one off-street parking space for each guest room plus two off-street parking spaces for the operators. There shall also be an additional parking space for each nonresident employee.
[a] 
All parking spaces shall be located behind or to the side of the building, measured from its front face, containing the bed-and-breakfast.
[b] 
The driveway shall meet current PADOT standards for sight distance.
[c] 
The parking area shall be screened from the direct view of an adjacent residential use, or the road in the case of side parking, by a wall or plantings with a minimum height of six feet after planting and placed no more than 10 feet on center. The required plantings shall be staggered so as to provide as complete a visual barrier as is possible. The owner shall be responsible for maintaining plantings to ensure they meet the above regulations while the property is used for this purpose.
[d] 
A driveway and the parking area will be constructed of aggregate and/or bituminous paving and meet the approval of the Township Engineer.
[7] 
One freestanding sign or one historic wall sign shall be permitted.
[Amended 5-4-2004 by Ord. No. 129-D-04]
[a] 
Freestanding sign.
[i] 
The sign shall be a maximum size of six square feet on each of no more than two faces.
[ii] 
The sign shall be no higher than six feet above ground level.
[iii] 
The sign may be directly illuminated by a maximum of two seventy-five-watt bulbs (one for each side).
[iv] 
The sign, and related illumination, shall adhere to the standards of §§ 240-22 and 240-24H.
[b] 
Historic wall sign.
[i] 
The sign shall be a maximum size of six square feet on each of no more than two faces.
[ii] 
The sign shall project no more than four feet from the building.
[iii] 
The top of the sign shall not exceed:
[A] 
One-story building: the eave height.
[B] 
Two- or three-story building: the height of the second floor windowsill.
[iv] 
The sign may be directly illuminated by a maximum of two seventy-five-watt bulbs (one for each side).
[v] 
The sign, and related illumination, shall adhere to the standards of §§ 240-22 and 240-24H.
[8] 
The owner of the establishment shall be required to obtain a zoning permit and a use and occupancy permit from the Township prior to commencement of operation.
[a] 
Upon compliance by the applicant with all of the requirements of this section and all other applicable state, county and Township statutes, codes and regulations, the Zoning Officer shall be authorized to issue a permit which shall be valid for a period of one year unless sooner revoked for violation of any condition imposed by the Zoning Officer, any misrepresentation of fact made to the Zoning Officer or Codes Enforcement Officer in conjunction with the application and review process or violation of this section or any provision of this Code. Within 30 days prior to the expiration of any such permit, the property owner shall make application for a permit renewal to the Zoning Officer, who shall, as a condition of issuance of such renewal, make an inspection of the premises for which the permit is sought to determine continued compliance with this Code. In the event that the Zoning Officer determines that a violation exists, the permit shall not be renewed until the violation is cured.
[b] 
Upon nonrenewal or revocation of the permit for cause shown, the use of the premises as a bed-and-breakfast shall immediately cease, and continuation thereof shall subject the owner to the penalty provisions of this chapter and/or such other legal action as the Township shall determine necessary.
[9] 
All guests rooms and common areas shall be equipped with hard-wired smoke detectors.
(tt) 
Public or private primary or secondary school.
[Added 7-2-2002 by Ord. No. 129-M-02]
[1] 
Minimum lot area:
[a] 
R-2 Zoning District: 10 acres.
[b] 
R-3 Zoning District: 10 acres.
[c] 
C-4 Zoning District: 4 acres.
[2] 
No hospital, sanatorium or penal institution shall be permitted.
[3] 
All buildings shall comply with the requirements for a school specified in:
[a] 
R-2 Zoning District: § 240-9G.
[b] 
R-3 Zoning District: § 240-10G.
[c] 
C-4 Zoning District: § 240-16H.
[4] 
Structures associated with athletic fields such as baseball backstops, dugouts, outfield fences, soccer goals, lacrosse goals, goal posts and movable (not affixed to the ground) bleachers shall be permitted in the front yard or side street yard but shall be at least 50 feet from the front or side street lot line.
[5] 
Athletic fields shall be located at least 25 feet from a front or side street lot line. If the front or side street lot line abuts a state road the minimum setback shall be 50 feet. Any field located 65 feet or less from a front or side street lot line shall be fenced along the front and side street lot line with chain link or other approved fence having a minimum height of four feet.
[Amended 10-15-2002 by Ord. No. 129-P-02]
(uu) 
Mining operations.
[Added 10-29-2002 by Ord. No. 129-Q-02]
[1] 
Landscaping and screening. There shall be a berm around the perimeter of the mining operation, which shall be located within the required side, rear and front yard areas and not closer than 50 feet from the property boundary, or where a street forms the property boundary, not closer than 50 feet from the ultimate right-of-way of such street. The berm shall have a minimum height of 15 feet and maximum height of 35 feet. The slope of sides of the berm shall not exceed a three-to-one ratio. Berms shall be planted and all landscaping shall be in accordance with § 240-27C(3). Erosion control measures shall be in accordance with the Township Subdivision and Land Development Ordinance.[7]
[7]
Editor's Note: See Ch. 205, Subdivision and Land Development.
[2] 
Fencing. A chain-link type fence at least six feet in height, surmounted by three strands of barbed wire, shall be provided around the perimeter of the mining operation and maintained in a constant state of good repair. Appropriate warning signs shall be mounted or posted along the fence at intervals of not more than 100 feet. The fence shall conform to the required side, rear and front yard setbacks.
[3] 
Slope of excavation. The mining operation walls shall be sloped in accordance with the provisions of Pennsylvania Surface Mining Conservation and Reclamation Act and the rules and regulations adopted pursuant thereto. No slope shall be maintained exceeding the normal limiting angle of repose of the material in which the excavation or extraction should be made. No undercutting shall be permitted within any required setback area. The depth of extraction shall be limited so it will not contribute to lowering the aquifer or water table off site. The slope of excavation shall start at the extraction limits detailed in Subsection C(3)(uu)[4] below.
[4] 
Setback. Extraction shall not be conducted closer than 200 feet to a property line nor closer than 300 feet from the street line, nor closer than 400 feet to the point of intersection of the street line. The setback area shall not be used for any other use in conjunction with extraction except access streets, berm, screening, directional signs, public notice signs identifying the excavation, business signs identifying the occupant, and buildings and structures in conformity with the applicable provisions of this chapter.
[5] 
Lateral support. All operations shall be conducted with sufficient lateral support in accordance with commonwealth regulations and certified by the Township Engineer to be safe with respect to hazard to persons, physical damage to adjacent lands or improvements, or damage to any street, sidewalk, parking area, or utility by reason of slide, sinking or collapse.
[6] 
Stockpiles. Stockpiles shall not exceed 35 feet in height and the toe of the slope shall not be located closer than 200 feet from any property line nor closer than 300 feet from the street line.
[7] 
Drainage. All drainage from the site of extractive operations shall be controlled by dikes, barriers, or drainage structures sufficient to prevent any silt, debris, or other loose materials from filling any existing drainage course or encroaching on streets and adjacent properties. In no case shall any silt, debris or other loose material leave the site.
[8] 
Control of vibration. Ground vibration caused by blasting or machinery shall not exceed the limits established by the Act of July 10, 1957, P.L. 685, as amended, 73 P.S., §§ 164 through 168, and the rules and regulations adopted thereunder, with the exception that blasting shall not cause a peak particle velocity greater than one inch per second, measured at any property line or street line.
[9] 
Operations. The mixing of rock materials with asphaltic oils or other binders for road building and construction purposes shall only be permitted as a conditional use.
[10] 
Internal circulation. An adequate internal circulation pattern of streets shall be maintained between excavation and processing areas. The use of a public street shall not be permitted for hauling between extractions and processing except as stated in Subsection C(3)(uu)[11] below.
[11] 
All necessary precautions must be taken to ensure the safety of motorists traveling on any public highway intersected by any internal circulation pattern. These precautions shall include but not be limited to the following items:
[a] 
Stop signs shall be placed at the intersection of all internal roadways with public highways, halting all internal traffic in any direction before the crossing of the public highway.
[b] 
Street signs as permitted by PennDOT on all public highways intersected by internal roadways, at a point 150 feet from the intersection of the public highway and internal roadway, one on either side of the intersection on the public highway indicating that caution should be observed and that trucks will be crossing 150 feet from the signs.
[c] 
Caution lights as permitted by PennDOT are to be provided, having at least two blinking yellow lights sufficient to attract the attention of a passing motorist, attached to a sign advising that caution should be observed due to a truck crossing ahead, and the signs shall be at a distance of 300 feet from the intersection of the public highway and internal roadway or less if necessary so that one sign faces each direction of travel upon the public highway.
[d] 
All public roads shall be clean from dust and spillage.
[12] 
The operator shall submit a land development plan in accordance with the Subdivision and Land Development Ordinance.
[13] 
Parking. Off-street parking spaces shall be provided in accordance with the requirements of § 240-33A.
(vv) 
Carriage homes.
[Added 2-22-2005 by Ord. No. 129-A-05]
[1] 
Minimum frontage for each carriage home development shall be 150 feet on a public street.
[2] 
Minimum gross tract area for each carriage home development shall be 10 acres.
[3] 
Minimum building width shall be 30 feet for each dwelling.
[4] 
Maximum building height shall not exceed 35 feet.
[5] 
A private space for each carriage home, of not less than 200 square feet, which shall be immediately adjacent to the front, back or side of each dwelling, shall be provided for the exclusive use of the occupants of that dwelling. If a carriage home development is subdivided into lots, the minimum lot area shall be the building footprint plus this required private space.
[6] 
Maximum density shall be four dwellings per acre of land within the carriage home development.
[7] 
Maximum impervious coverage shall not exceed 50% of the tract.
[8] 
No more than two carriage homes shall be attached to each other by party walls.
[9] 
External property line building setback. carriage homes shall be set back from any public road right-of-way line a minimum distance of 50 feet.
[10] 
Internal building setback from streets. Carriage homes shall have a minimum fifteen-foot setback from any development street.
[11] 
Spacing between buildings. There shall be a minimum of 15 feet between buildings.
[12] 
Carriage home open space. The proper operation and maintenance of all open spaces and community facilities shall be secured by an appropriate organization with legal responsibility for the same. If the dwellings are sold, the organization may be a condominium, cooperative, homeowners' association, trust or other appropriate nonprofit organization of the dwelling unit owners, organized in a manner found by the Township Solicitor to be legally effective and able to carry out its maintenance and operating responsibilities. It is the intention of this section to authorize the remedies provided in 53 P.S. § 10705(f) and 53 P.S. § 10706(2) of the Pennsylvania Municipalities Planning Code, and the same are hereby incorporated by reference.
[13] 
Carriage home streets. The minimum cartway width shall not be less than 20 feet in width, and all streets shall be privately owned and maintained.
[14] 
Parking. A minimum of 2.5 off-street parking spaces per unit is required.
[15] 
Buffer yards. A fifteen-foot-wide buffer area shall be provided around the entire carriage home development, except for those areas which abut a golf course.
[a] 
The buffer yard shall be landscaped in accordance with the screening requirements of § 240-27C(3).
[b] 
No structure, fence, planting or other obstruction shall be permitted which would interfere with traffic visibility across the corner of a lot and at access driveways within a triangle bounded by the street right-of-way lines and a straight line drawn between points on each right-of-way line 25 feet from their intersection. Such clear sight triangle shall be maintained in the area between a plane two feet above curb level and a plane seven feet above curb level. The screen planting shall be broken only at points of vehicular or pedestrian access.
[16] 
Accessory uses as listed in § 240-9E are permitted with the exception of detached garages.
[17] 
Storage enclosures. All storage structures shall be architecturally attached to and part of the dwelling and shall be fully enclosed.
[18] 
Homeowners’ and/or condominium agreements. If the applicant is proposing restrictions, easements and/or covenants for the development or if any dwelling units are to be sold under homeowners’ or condominium agreements, such restrictions, easements, agreement or agreements shall be submitted to the Township for review and approval with the preliminary plans.
[19] 
Signs. No more than two off-premises signs shall be permitted, provided that the applicant proves by a preponderance of the evidence that there will be a long-term system to ensure proper maintenance of the signs and any accompanying landscaping. The Board of Supervisors shall specifically approve the size, location, method of lighting and the content of the off-premises signs. The Zoning Officer shall issue a zoning permit for the signs upon recommendation of the Planning Commission and approval of the Board of Supervisors.
[20] 
Traffic circulation. The conditional use application shall be accompanied by a written narrative outlining the proposed traffic-calming measures to be installed that will minimize the adverse impact of pass-thru traffic in the carriage home development.
In general. The following accessory uses, buildings or structures shall be permitted by right, unless otherwise stated, provided that they are customarily incidental to the principal building, structure or use (on the same lot) and comply with other applicable provisions of this chapter.
A. 
Keeping of animals, fowl, household pets and domesticated chickens.
[Amended 7-16-2002 by Ord. No. 129-O-02; 2-19-2019 by Ord. No. 129-A-2019]
(1) 
Number of household pets. Household pets, as defined in § 240-6, may be kept as an accessory use to a residential dwelling in any zoning district, provided that their keeping is clearly incidental and subordinate to the principal use of the residential dwelling, and subject to the restrictions set forth in the chart below for dogs:
Dwelling Type
Maximum Number of Dogs 3 Months or Older
Apartment, townhouse, semidetached or single -amily detached
4
Single-family detached on 3 or more acres
4 plus 1 additional dog for each acre of lot area in excess of 2 acres
(2) 
Commercial use. Commercial breeding or use of pets and animal husbandry shall not be permitted as an accessory use under this section.
(3) 
Large animals may be kept as an accessory use to a single-family detached dwelling in any zoning district provided that their keeping is clearly incidental to the principal use of the residential dwelling. For purposes of this section, a "large animal" shall be defined as an animal standing over 30 inches at the shoulder or weighing over 200 pounds. Large animals (such as cattle, horses and pigs, but excluding dogs) and fowl (excluding domesticated chickens which are separately regulated below) shall be stabled or housed in buildings which are a minimum of 100 feet from any lot line. In order to keep large animals for private, recreational use of the residents of the property where the large animals are kept, there must be a minimum of two acres for the first large animal and one acre for each additional large animal. In order to keep fowl (excluding domesticated chickens), goats or pigs for private, recreational use of the residents of the property where the fowl, goats or pigs are kept, there must be a minimum of two acres to keep up to four fowl, goats or pigs and 1/2 acre for each additional animal. All grazing and pasture areas for horses, goats and pigs must be fenced.
(4) 
The person with the responsibility for the care of the animals shall keep the animals off private property which he/she does not have permission to use, and shall regularly collect and properly dispose of fecal matter from the animals in a sanitary manner that avoids nuisances for neighbors. Waste matter shall not be allowed to be carried by stormwater into waterways or onto other lots.
(5) 
Domesticated chickens. Domesticated female chickens may be kept as a noncommercial accessory use to a single-family detached dwelling in any zoning district upon property with a minimum lot area of one acre, provided their keeping is clearly incidental and subordinate to the principal use of the residential dwelling, and subject to the additional restrictions:
(a) 
A maximum of five chickens may be kept on a lot that has a lot area equal to or greater than one acre.
(b) 
Roosters are prohibited.
(c) 
The chicken coop and run must be located to the rear of the dwelling. The chicken coop must provide at least four square feet per chicken if it is attached to an exterior run and six square feet per chicken if it does not have an exterior run. The chicken coop and/or run shall be located a minimum of 20 feet from the rear property line and 15 feet from any side property line. The fence used for the run shall have a minimum height of four feet and a maximum height of six feet. The chicken coop and run shall be fully enclosed to prevent entry of predators or the escape of the chickens.
(d) 
It shall be unlawful for the owner of chickens to allow the same to run at large upon any public land, including, but not limited to, sidewalks, streets, roads, alleys, parks, or upon another person's private property.
(e) 
All owners of chickens must maintain sanitary living conditions for the chickens so that the keeping of chickens does not become a public or private nuisance. All chicken feed must be stored in closed containers. Owners shall remove feces at least once a week. The feces must be double-bagged and placed in the trash for collection. Any slaughtering of chickens shall be conducted in a fully enclosed structure.
(f) 
Permits. An owner wishing to keep chickens on his/her property must obtain a zoning permit from the Zoning Officer for the use and the structures. A stormwater permit shall also be required and shall follow the guidelines outlined for storage sheds. An applicant seeking to obtain a permit to maintain chickens must submit an application on forms provided by the Township and pay the applicable permit fee as determined by resolution of the Board of Supervisors.
(g) 
Denial, suspension or revocation of permit. The Township shall deny a permit if the applicant has not demonstrated compliance with all of the provisions of this section. A permit to keep domesticated chickens may be suspended or revoked by the Township where the Township finds that the keeping of the chickens creates a public nuisance or for any violation of, or failure to comply with, any of the provisions of this section or with the provisions of any other applicable ordinance or law.
B. 
Standard antenna. Before a building permit for the erection of a standard antenna and its support structure may be issued, the applicant must demonstrate compliance with the following regulations.
[Amended 6-19-2001 by Ord. No. 129-C-01]
(1) 
Height. No standard antenna, including its supporting structure, shall have a total height, as defined in § 240-6, above the average surrounding ground level of greater than 75 feet in any district.
(2) 
Anchoring. Any standard antenna shall be properly anchored to resist high winds.
(3) 
Setbacks. The standard antenna support structure shall comply with the setbacks required for the zoning district of the property where the standard antenna support structure shall be located. The standard antenna shall not encroach into any front yard  but may encroach into the side or rear yard, provided that no part of the standard antenna is closer than 10 feet from any rear or side lot line.
(4) 
Standard antenna support structure safety.
(a) 
Standard antenna support structures must be constructed from one of the following materials: aluminum, galvanized steel, other equally weather resistant steel or other materials approved by the Township Engineer. All ground-mounted standard antenna support structures exceeding 35 feet in height shall be erected in such a manner so as to be able to withstand a minimum wind velocity of 80 miles per hour (impact pressure of 25 pounds per square foot).
(b) 
The applicant shall demonstrate that the proposed standard antenna(s) and standard antenna support structure are designed and constructed in accordance with the Township Building Code[1] and all applicable national building standards for such facilities and structures.
[1]
Editor's Note: See Ch. 100, Building Construction.
(c) 
The applicant shall demonstrate that the proposed standard antenna and standard antenna support structure are designed in such a manner so that no part of the facility will attract/deflect lightning onto adjacent properties.
(d) 
The applicant shall take appropriate measures to prevent unauthorized access or climbing onto the standard antenna and standard antenna support structure (for example, by installing fencing around the perimeter of the property where the standard antenna is located or the standard antenna support structure itself).
(5) 
Electrical requirements. All standard antenna support structures, whether ground- or roof-mounted, shall be grounded. Grounding shall be in accordance with the provisions of the National Electrical Code.
(6) 
Inspection by Township. The Township Building Inspector shall inspect the foundation and the erection of the standard antenna support structure.
(7) 
Lighting. Standard antenna support structures shall meet all Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) regulations. No standard antenna support structure may be artificially lighted except when required by the FAA or other governmental authority. When lighting is required by the FAA or other governmental authority, it shall conform to all FAA regulations. The applicant shalt promptly report any outage or malfunction of FAA mandated lighting to the appropriate governmental authorities and to the Township Secretary.
(8) 
Notification to neighboring properties. If a standard radio antenna is to be used in conjunction with a radio transmitter, or a standard antenna and/or standard antenna support structure is erected more than 10 feet above the existing structure to which it is attached, the applicant must present a written affidavit confirming that he has notified all property owners within 500 feet of his property of his intent to erect a standard antenna and/or standard antenna support structure and his pending application for a building permit for the same.
C. 
Apartment for care of a relative.
(1) 
See definition of "apartment for care of a relative" in § 240-6.
(2) 
Apartment for care of a relative shall be restricted to occupancy by a "relative," as defined in § 240-6, of a permanent resident of the principal dwelling unit on the property. A maximum of two persons shall inhabit such apartment.
(3) 
At least one resident of the apartment shall need care and supervision because of old age, disability, handicap, mental retardation/developmental disability or illness.
(4) 
Such dwelling unit shall be designed and installed in such a way that it can easily be reconverted into part of the principal dwelling unit after such relative no longer lives within it. Once the unit is no longer occupied by the relative, the dwelling shall be reconverted into part of the principal dwelling unit or be completely removed, and any kitchen, including the sink, stove, disposal, dishwasher and refrigerator and all plumbing and electrical connections thereto, which have been installed shall be removed. Prior to the use of such accessory apartment, the property owner shall execute an agreement on a form prepared by the Township which specifies the restrictions on the use of such accessory apartment and prohibits the property owner from renting the apartment to a nonrelative of the current property owner or future property owners. Such agreement shall be recorded in the Office of the Recorder of Deeds prior to the Zoning Officer issuing a use and occupancy permit for the accessory apartment.
[Amended 7-16-2002 by Ord. No. 129-O-02]
(5) 
The occupants of the principal dwelling unit shall report any change in adults residing in such dwelling.
(6) 
Once an apartment under this section is required to be removed or reconverted, there shall be no physical evidence visible from exterior lot lines that a separate apartment existed.
(7) 
Such apartment shall not adversely affect the single-family residential exterior appearance of a dwelling.
(8) 
Such apartment may have its own kitchen.
D. 
Day-care center as an accessory use.
(1) 
A day-care center may be provided within an approved area of a principal or accessory building.
(2) 
Any additional off-street parking needed for the center shall be provided on the same lot as the center. A minimum of one parking space shall be designed and reserved for the convenient and safe pickup and drop off of persons.
(3) 
The operation of such center shall be in accordance with applicable state standards, including having a valid state license and/or registration as required.
(4) 
A day-care center as an accessory use to a dwelling unit shall care for the following maximum number of persons at any point in time other than relatives of the operator of the use:
(a) 
For a single-family detached dwelling on a lot of 15,000 square feet or larger, a maximum of six.
(b) 
For any other dwelling unit, a maximum of three.
(5) 
Any day-care center serving four or more children shall have a safe, fenced outdoor play area.
(6) 
A day-care center that is accessory to a dwelling unit shall also meet the requirements for a home occupation, as stated in this section.
E. 
Fences and walls.
[Amended 7-16-2002 by Ord. No. 129-O-02]
(1) 
Fences and walls which are erected in the side or rear yards shall not exceed six feet in height on a residential lot and eight feet in height on any other lot, except tennis court fences, which may not exceed 10 feet in height. Such fences may be solid.
(2) 
Fences and walls which are erected within the required front yard shall not exceed four feet in height and shall maintain a minimum one to one ratio of open to structural areas (such as a picket-style or split-rail fence).
(3) 
A fence or wall which is erected along the side street yard which extends to the rear property line shall not exceed four feet in height.
(4) 
If one side of a fence is more finished or is flatter than the other side of the fence, and the fence faces another abutting dwelling or a street, then such more-finished or flatter side shall face such other dwelling or such street.
[Added 7-1-2008 by Ord. No. 129-D-08]
F. 
Garages and other structures that are accessory to dwellings. A garage or other structure of 80 square feet or greater that is accessory to a dwelling shall not be located within a required front yard for a principal building, as specified in the applicable district regulations.
G. 
Garage sale.
(1) 
A garage sale (see definition in § 240-6) shall not include wholesale sales nor sale of new merchandise of a type typically found in retail stores.
(2) 
No garage sales shall be held on a lot during more than four days total in any three consecutive months.
(3) 
The use shall be clearly accessory to the principal use.
H. 
Private greenhouse. Private greenhouses shall be permitted, provided that they shall not include the outdoor storage of equipment and supplies and shall conform to the principal building setback regulations of the applicable district.
I. 
Helipad. The standards in § 240-31 for a principal use shall apply to an accessory use also.
J. 
Home occupation.
[Amended 1-2-2001 by Ord. No. 129-A-01; 10-21-2003 by Ord. No. 129-L-03]
(1) 
Where allowed. A home occupation shall be permitted by conditional use of the Board of Supervisors as an accessory use to a single-family detached dwelling. Such use must conform to the accessory use regulations of the zoning district in which the property is located and all standards listed in this section. The permit for a home occupation which has been approved as a conditional use shall not be transferrable unless it is for the identical home occupation as previously existed, and shall be subject to both the rules and regulations of this chapter and reissuance of a permit by the Zoning Officer.
(2) 
Number of uses. Only one home occupation or one home-related business shall be permitted on any one lot. No lot shall be permitted to have both such uses.
(3) 
Procedures for obtaining a permit for a home occupation. Upon determination that the proposed use is a home occupation and allowable as a conditional use in the zoning district for which the use is proposed, the Zoning Officer shall require the applicant to complete and file a conditional use application with the Board of Supervisors in accordance with § 240-31B. If the Board of Supervisors grants the conditional use for the Home Occupation, the Zoning Officer shall issue a zoning permit subject to compliance with the applicable standards of this section and any conditions imposed by the Board.
(4) 
Inspections. Prior to the issuance of a zoning permit, the Zoning Officer shall inspect the proposed dwelling which is the subject of the conditional use application to ensure that the dwelling unit, accessory structure and/or lot to be utilized for the home occupation comply with all applicable Township ordinances and regulations and any applicable laws or regulations promulgated by other regulatory authorities having jurisdiction of any aspect of the property affected by the proposed use. Home occupation permits shall be issued and valid for a period of one year from the date of issuance and shall be renewable annually for the approved home occupation, subject to an annual inspection of the property by the Zoning Officer and the permittee’s payment of the renewal fee as established by resolution of the Board of Supervisors.
(5) 
Complaints. As a condition of the issuance of any permit, the applicant shall be deemed to have agreed that the Zoning Officer shall have the right to inspect the property for which the home occupation permit has been issued if the Zoning Officer either receives a complaint of violation of the permit which he finds to be reasonably reliable or the Zoning Officer has other reasonable grounds to believe that the conditional use approval and/or the permit are being violated. Failure of the permittee, owner or occupant to provide access to the Zoning Officer shall result in either revocation of the permit, or the Zoning Officer, in his discretion, may apply to a Judge of the court having jurisdiction for an administrative search warrant.
(6) 
Standards. A home occupation must comply with all of the following standards:
(a) 
Use. The home occupation must be an accessory use clearly incidental to the residential use of the dwelling and shall be conducted entirely within the principal dwelling unit where the owner of the dwelling and operator of the home occupation resides, or within a structure accessory to the principal residential dwelling located on the same lot as the principal residence.
(b) 
Size. The use shall not exceed a total area of 500 square feet, including any accessory space or structure and/or storage space.
(c) 
Appearance. There shall be no change in the outside appearance of the dwelling unit, accessory structure and/or lot as they existed on the date of issuance of the home occupation permit arising from the home occupation use or other visible evidence of the conduct of such home occupation, except for a sign which complies with the provisions in this section. The residential character of the neighborhood shall not be changed as a result of the home occupation.
(d) 
Nuisance. No equipment or process shall be used in a home occupation which creates noise, vibration, glare, fumes, odors, dust or electrical interference detectable to normal senses beyond the property line in excess of levels customarily generated by a residential use. No burning, heating or other process will take place which might produce toxic or noxious odors, fumes or gasses.
(e) 
Storage. No outside storage, display or testing of materials, equipment or products shall be permitted. A dumpster shall not be brought onto the lot, or be utilized upon the lot, for the use of the home occupation.
(f) 
Requirements. All home occupations shall comply with all requirements of any regulatory agency having jurisdiction over the occupation and related practices carried out upon the lot for which the permit is issued.
(g) 
No violations. No permit shall be issued for any home occupation for a lot that is wholly or partly in violation of any Township ordinance.
(h) 
Employees. Nonfamily members or nonresident family members working on the property shall not exceed one person, including any independent contractor. A person serving as an employee for the home occupation shall be considered an employee for the purpose of this section whether or not the person receives any remuneration.
(i) 
Hours of operation. The home occupation shall not be open to the public before 7:00 a.m. or after 10:00 p.m., prevailing time.
(j) 
Parking. Any additional parking needs shall comply with the standards as enumerated for home occupations in § 240-33 of this chapter. There shall be a maximum of two additional spaces allowed. All parking for the home occupation shall occur only in either a side or rear yard.
(k) 
Servicing by truck. Pickup and delivery of parcels shall be limited to four vehicular trips per day and shall be permitted only between the hours of 7:00 a.m. and 7:00 p.m., prevailing time. Any event requiring the utilization of a tri-axle vehicle shall be limited to no more than two vehicle trips per week. Truck visits, for any purpose, shall be counted in the vehicular trip allowance specified below in Subsection J(6) below.
(l) 
Traffic. The traffic generated by the home occupation shall not exceed 16 vehicular trips per day, i.e., eight trips in and eight trips out.
(m) 
Sign. Only one nonilluminated identification sign, not to exceed two square feet, shall be permitted. Such sign shall generally be of neutral color(s) (such as earth tones) and not day-glow or garish colors. The allowable sign may be placed on the exterior of the residence or as an attachment to a mailbox post which is installed in the public right-of-way and meets the approval of the U.S. Postal Service and which houses an approved mailbox. A sketch of any proposed sign shall accompany the conditional use application.
(n) 
Solid waste and sewer discharge. The business activity may not generate any solid waste or sewage discharge, in volume or type, which is not normally associated with residential use in the neighborhood.
(7) 
Uses not permitted. The following occupations/businesses are expressly not allowed as a home occupation and such uses will not be granted a permit or conditional use approval as a home occupation:
(a) 
Animal hospital or animal shelter.
(b) 
Auto or small engine repair or any parts or components thereof.
(c) 
Any business or corporation with more than two nonresident or nonrelated partners or officers working at the site on a regular basis.
(d) 
Boarding home.
(e) 
Funeral parlor or undertaking establishment.
(f) 
Furniture stripping.
(g) 
Gift or antique shop.
(h) 
Kennel, commercial kennel or commercial stable.
(i) 
Medical or dental clinic with more than one doctor or dentist.
(j) 
Painting of vehicles, trailers or boats.
(k) 
Private school.
(l) 
Rental business.
(m) 
Restaurant.
(n) 
Rooming house.
(o) 
Welding shop.
(p) 
Animal training.
(q) 
Any adult use.
(r) 
Sale or manufacture of fireworks.
(s) 
Tar and roofing business.
(t) 
Other uses of a similar character as those listed above.
(u) 
Any use or activity which creates a nuisance.
(v) 
Sale, manufacture or transfer of firearms.
[Added 12-20-2016 by Ord. No. 129-C-2016]
K. 
Home-related business.
[Amended 1-2-2001 by Ord. No. 129-A-01]
(1) 
Workers. Non-family-members, nonresident family members, or independent contractors working on the property, whether receiving remuneration or not, shall not exceed two persons. Persons assisting with the administration of the home-related business shall be considered workers regardless of whether they receive remuneration or not.
(2) 
Sign. Except for vehicular signs as defined in § 240-6, no sign shall be permitted on the property indicating the presence of a home-related business.
(3) 
Size. The use shall not exceed 500 square feet of the total floor area of the dwelling unit, including any accessory structure or space used for storage.
(4) 
Parking and loading. Adequate space for off-street parking and loading related to the home-related business shall be provided in accordance with § 240-33 of this chapter. The workers of the home-related business and all business vehicles as described in § 240-32K(8) shall park in the parking spaces which are provided for such use. Such parking spaces shall be located only to the side or to the rear of the dwelling unit containing the home-related business and shall meet the following conditions:
(a) 
The parking area shall be screened from the direct view of an adjacent residential use or a road by a wall or solid fence, five feet high or a completely planted visual barrier consisting of evergreen trees with a minimum planted height of six feet at the time of planting and placed no more than ten feet on center. Evergreens that have the natural habit of losing their lower branches over time shall not be used as screening. The required trees shall be staggered so as to provide as complete a visual barrier as is possible. The owner shall be responsible for maintaining the trees to ensure that they meet the above regulations while the property is used for a home-related business purpose. Dead or dying trees shall be promptly replaced.
(b) 
The parking area will be constructed of aggregate and/or bituminous paving and meet the approval of the Township Engineer or Director of Public Works.
(5) 
Building appearance. Following inception of the use, there shall be no change in the outside appearance of the dwelling unit, accessory structure and/or lot related to the home-related business as they existed on the date of issuance of the permit authorizing the home-related business or other visible evidence of the conduct of a home-related business. Outdoor storage of materials and equipment shall be prohibited.
(6) 
Nuisance. No equipment or process shall be used in a home-related business which creates noise, vibration, glare, fumes, odors, dust or electrical interference detectable to normal senses beyond the property line in excess of levels customarily generated by a residential use. No burning, heating or other process will take place which might produce toxic or noxious odors, fumes or gasses.
(7) 
Storage. The outside storage of materials, equipment or products shall be prohibited. A dumpster shall not be brought onto the property, or be utilized upon the property, for the use of the home-related business.
(8) 
Business vehicles. A maximum of two vehicles, bearing current and valid inspection and emissions stickers and currently licensed by the Pennsylvania Department of Motor Vehicles, which are used for a home-related business shall be permitted on the lot on which the home-related business is conducted, except in the case of a multifamily dwelling unit where only one such vehicle shall be permitted for a home-related business. No one vehicle shall exceed 10,000 pounds of gross vehicle weight, nor shall the combined weight of one vehicle and another vehicle (motorized or nonmotorized, such as a trailer or equipment) that are attached or capable of attachment together exceed 10,000 pounds of gross vehicle weight.
(9) 
Uses. Permitted home-related business uses include, but are not limited to, such uses as an electrician, plumber, carpenter and other skilled workman.
(10) 
Servicing by truck. Pickup and delivery of parcels and materials shall be limited to four vehicle trips per day and shall be permitted only between the hours of 7:00 a.m. and 7:00 p.m., prevailing time. Any event requiring the utilization of a tri-axle vehicle (other than one normally permitted under the above) shall be limited to not more than two vehicular trips per week.
(11) 
Customer/client visits. The home-related business use shall not involve any customer or client visits to the property, and there shall be no direct sales of products on or from the lot.
(12) 
Number of uses. Only one home-related business shall be permitted on any one lot, except as permitted in § 240-32K(14).
(13) 
Permit. It shall be illegal for any person to conduct a home-related business on any property unless he has applied for and been issued a home-related business permit by the Zoning Officer. An inspection by the Zoning Officer shall be required prior to the issuance of any such permit.
(14) 
Location. A home-related business shall take place only on a lot containing a single-family detached dwelling and shall be conducted only within the dwelling unit or an accessory structure allowed as an accessory use in the zoning district in which the lot is located; except that a home-related business may be conducted from a multifamily dwelling unit, provided that there shall be no nonfamily workers or nonresident family workers and there shall be only one business vehicle permitted.
L. 
Horse barn. Structures for the shelter of horses belonging to the occupant of the property shall be permitted with the following restrictions.
(1) 
The lot shall contain a minimum of two acres.
(2) 
All barns shall be at least 100 feet from all property lines.
(3) 
No manure shall be stored within 100 feet of the property lines.
(4) 
All manure shall be collected on a regular basis and be disposed of in a sanitary manner that avoids nuisances for neighbors. Manure shall not be allowed to be carried by stormwater into waterways or onto other lots.
M. 
Outdoor storage and display, commercial or industrial (not including routine display of vehicles or plants for sale or lease).
(1) 
Location. Outside storage or display shall not occupy any part of the street right-of-way, any area intended or designed for pedestrian use, any required parking areas or any part of the required front yard.
(2) 
Size. Outside storage and display areas shall occupy an area of less than 1/2 the existing building coverage. Uses requiring more land area for storage or display may apply for a special exception by the Zoning Hearing Board. In no case shall more than 25% of the lot area be used in outdoor storage or display.
(3) 
Shielded from view. Outside storage areas shall be shielded from view from the public streets and abutting residential property.
N. 
Recreational vehicle storage. In all residential districts, a maximum of two recreational vehicles (See definition in § 240-6.) may be parked, stored or otherwise located on a lot. The recreational vehicles shall be parked, stored or otherwise located at the rear or side of a principal building only, and shall not be stored within the required front yard except as necessary for routine occasional loading and unloading. No recreational vehicle or unit shall be stored closer than 10 feet to the side or rear lot line. The total combined length of the two recreational vehicles shall not exceed 60 feet. Nothing in this section shall prevent a person from storing one or more recreational vehicles inside of a building.
[Amended 7-1-2008 by Ord. No. 129-D-08]
O. 
Solar energy systems. It is the purpose of these regulations to promote the safe, effective and efficient use of solar energy systems installed to reduce the on-site consumption of utility-supplied energy and/or hot water as a permitted accessory use while protecting the health, safety and welfare of adjacent and surrounding land uses through appropriate zoning and land use controls. A solar energy system shall be permitted in any zoning district as an accessory use to a principal use herein and subject to specific criteria as set forth below; except, solar energy systems shall be prohibited on properties designated as historic resources on the Township Historic Resource Inventory. Where said general standards and specific criteria overlap, the specific criteria shall supersede the general standards.
[Amended 3-17-2015 by Ord. No. 129-D-2015]
(1) 
The installation and construction of a solar energy system shall be subject to the following development and design standards:
(a) 
A solar energy system is permitted in all zoning districts as an accessory use to a principal use, provided that a ground-mounted solar energy system shall not exceed 1,000 square feet of land area. If the ground-mounted solar energy system exceeds 1,000 square feet of land area, it shall only be permitted by conditional use of the Board of Supervisors.
(b) 
A solar energy system shall provide power for the principal use and/or accessory use of the property on which the solar energy system is located and shall not be used for the generation of power for the sale of energy to other users, although this provision shall not be interpreted to prohibit the sale of excess power generated from time to time to local utility companies.
(c) 
The owner of a solar energy system connected to the utility grid shall provide written authorization from the local utility company to the Township acknowledging and approving such connection.
(d) 
A solar energy system may be roof mounted (Illustration No. 1 and No. 2) or ground mounted (Illustration No. 3).[2]
[2]
Editor's Note: Illustration Nos. 1 through 3 are included as attachments to this chapter.
(e) 
A roof-mounted system may be mounted on a principal building or accessory building. A roof-mounted system, in the case of a flat roof, whether mounted on the principal building or accessory building, may exceed the maximum principal building height or accessory building height specified for the building type in the underlying zoning district by no more than two feet. Rooftop solar energy systems shall not be included in the calculation of building height.
[Amended 12-1-2020 by Ord. No. 129-C-2020]
(f) 
A ground-mounted system shall not exceed a maximum height of eight feet.
(g) 
The surface area of a ground-mounted system, regardless of the mounted angle, shall not be calculated as part of the overall impervious coverage provided that the following criteria are met:
[1] 
Earth disturbance and grading activities shall be minimized to the greatest extent feasible and natural vegetative cover shall be preserved and/or restored. Low-impact construction techniques shall be utilized as feasible.
[2] 
Vegetative cover shall have a 90% or better uniform coverage. Gravel shall not be considered pervious cover. The applicant shall present a plan that demonstrates that the vegetative cover proposed will create a uniform vegetative cover underneath the solar panels.
[a] 
A meadow condition is preferable, particularly for slopes between 5% and 10%.
[b] 
Mowed areas, where approved, should be kept to a minimum height of four inches, and 10 inches maximum.
[c] 
Vegetated areas shall not be subject to chemical fertilization or herbicides/pesticides.
[3] 
Individual photovoltaic panels within an array are arranged in a fashion that:
[a] 
Allows the passage of runoff between each module thereby minimizing the creation of concentrated runoff.
[b] 
Allows the growth of vegetation beneath and between arrays.
[4] 
Ground-mounted solar panels are supported with structures/foundations occupying minimal space (maximum 5% of the total project area).
[5] 
Solar panels are situated on slopes less than 10%.
[6] 
The highest vertical clearance of the solar array is at an elevation of eight feet or less from the ground, but is also at an adequate height to promote vegetative growth below the array.
(h) 
A ground-mounted system shall be located behind the principal structure within the building envelope.
(i) 
The minimum setback between the solar energy system and any property line shall be equivalent to the applicable building setback requirement of the underlying zoning district.
(j) 
Ground-mounted solar energy systems, including solar panels and mechanical equipment, shall be fully screened from any adjacent property or public/private road by a solid fence with a height at least equal to the height of the highest solar panel. The fence shall be maintained for as long as the solar energy system is located on the property. Solar panels shall be placed such that concentrated solar radiation or glare shall not be directed onto nearby properties or roadways.
(k) 
The solar energy system shall comply with all relevant Federal Aviation Administration rules and regulations, if any.
(l) 
All power transmission lines from a ground-mounted solar energy system to any building or other structure shall be located underground.
(m) 
A solar energy system shall not be used to display advertising, including signage, streamers, pennants, spinners, reflectors, ribbons, tinsel, balloons, flags, banners or similar materials. The manufacturers and equipment information, warning, or indication of ownership shall be allowed on any equipment of the solar energy system provided such information complies with the prevailing sign regulations.
(n) 
A solar energy system shall not be constructed until a building/zoning permit has been approved and issued.
(o) 
The design of the solar energy system shall conform to applicable industry standards and codes.
(2) 
If a ground-mounted solar energy system is removed, any earth disturbance as a result of the removal of the ground-mounted solar energy system shall be graded and reseeded.
(3) 
If a ground-mounted solar energy system has been abandoned (meaning not having been in operation for a period of six months) or is defective or is deemed to be unsafe by the Township Zoning Officer, the solar energy system shall be required to be repaired by the owner to meet federal, state and local safety standards, or be removed by the property owner within the time period allowed by the Township Zoning Officer.
P. 
Storage sheds and accessory buildings.
(1) 
Storage sheds.
[Amended 7-1-2008 by Ord. No. 129-D-08]
(a) 
On lots of one acre or less, a maximum of one storage shed of a maximum floor area of 120 square feet and a maximum height of 12 feet at its highest point may be placed or erected within the required side and/or rear yards of the property.
(b) 
On lots greater than one acre, a maximum of two storage sheds, each of a maximum floor area of 120 square feet and a maximum height of 12 feet at its highest point, may be placed or erected within the required side and/or rear yards of the property; or, in the alternative, one storage shed of a maximum floor area of 240 square feet and a maximum height of 12 feet at its highest point may be placed or erected within the required side and/or rear yards of the property.
(2) 
Any other size of accessory building shall conform to the applicable yard requirements for principal buildings.
Q. 
Swimming pool.
(1) 
Pools shall be located behind the building setback line and in no case shall the edge of water be closer than 25 feet to any lot line.
(2) 
Fencing.
(a) 
All pools shall have a permanent enclosure erected and maintained that entirely and completely surrounds the pool. The enclosure shall extend not less than four feet above the ground. All gates shall be self-closing, self-latching and lockable with latches placed at least four feet above the ground. The enclosure shall be constructed so as to prohibit the passage of a sphere larger than four inches in diameter through any opening or under the fence. Fences shall be designed and constructed to withstand a horizontal concentrated load of 200 pounds applied on a one-square-foot area at any point of the fence/enclosure.
(b) 
Aboveground pools (which shall include pools less than 10% in-ground) shall not require a fence if the walls of the pool are at least four feet above grade on all sides, but any fixed stairway or entranceway shall be entirely and completely enclosed to a height of four feet above ground, and any gate shall be self-closing, self-latching and lockable with no openings that will pass a sphere greater than four inches in diameter. Any removable access, such as a ladder, need not comply, but must be removed when not in use.
(3) 
The land area occupied by a pool and any accompanying structure shall be included in the impervious coverage percentage.
(4) 
If the pool is supplied from a private well, there shall be no cross-connection with a central water supply system. All water supply inlets shall be above the overflow level to the pool.
(5) 
No swimming pool shall have a drainage system connected to the sanitary sewers. All methods of drainage shall be stated on the Zoning Permit and be approved by the Township Engineer.
(6) 
No loudspeaker or amplifying system shall be permitted which will project sound beyond the boundaries of the property.
(7) 
All lighting shall be located as not to shine directly beyond the limits of the property.
R. 
Temporary structure or use. A temporary permit may be issued by the Zoning Officer for structures or uses necessary during construction or other special circumstances of a nonrecurring nature, subject to the following additional provisions:
(1) 
Duration. The life of such permit shall not exceed one year and may be renewed annually for an aggregate period of not more than three years.
(2) 
Removal. Such structure or use shall be removed completely upon expiration of the permit without cost to the Township.
S. 
Tennis court. Private tennis courts shall be permitted, provided that they are not located within a front yard; they conform to the side and rear yards for principal buildings in the applicable district; and they have no lighting shining from the subject lot directly onto the lot of another dwelling.
T. 
Windmill.
(1) 
All windmills shall be enclosed by a fence at least four feet in height which is located at least five feet from the base of such windmill.
(2) 
No windmill shall be permitted that permits any vane, sail or rotor blade to pass within 10 feet of the ground.
(3) 
All electrical wiring leading from a windmill shall be located underground.
(4) 
No windmill (except the blades) shall exceed the maximum building height of the zoning district in which it is located.
(5) 
A windmill shall be located at least two times its total height (including blades) from any building or property not owned by the owner of the windmill, or any street line.
U. 
No-impact home-based business. Upon issuance of a permit by the Zoning Officer and payment of all applicable fees as determined by resolution of the Board of Supervisors, a no-impact home-based business shall be permitted in all zoning districts as an accessory use to a dwelling unit. A no-impact home-based business must comply with all of the following criteria:
[Added 10-21-2003 by Ord. No. 129-L-03; amended 10-4-2011 by Ord. No. 129-J-11]
(1) 
The business activity shall be compatible with the residential use of the property and surrounding residential uses.
(2) 
The business shall employ no employees other than family members residing in the dwelling.
(3) 
There shall be no display or sale of retail goods and no stockpiling or inventory of a substantial nature. Sales made via electronic media or other external solicitation shall be permitted.
(4) 
There shall be no outside appearance of a business use, including, but not limited to, parking, signs or lights.
(5) 
The business activity may not use any equipment or process which creates noise, vibration, glare, fumes, odors or electrical interference, including interference with radio or television reception, which is detectable in the neighborhood.
(6) 
The business activity may not generate any solid waste or sewage discharge, in volume or type, which is not normally associated with residential use in the neighborhood.
(7) 
The business activity shall be conducted only within the dwelling unit and may not occupy more than 25% of the habitable floor area.
(8) 
The business may not involve any illegal activity.
Off-street parking and loading requirements applicable to all districts.
A. 
Required number of off-street parking spaces.
(1) 
Overall requirements.
(a) 
Each use established, enlarged or altered in any district shall provide and satisfactorily maintain off-street parking spaces in accordance with the following table, Off-Street Parking Requirements, and the regulations of this chapter.
(b) 
Uses not specifically listed in the table shall comply with the requirements for the most similar use listed in the table.
(c) 
Where a proposed use contains or includes more than one type of use (regardless of whether each use is listed in the table or is an unlisted use), the number of parking spaces required shall be the sum of the parking requirements for each separate use.
(d) 
Where the computation of required parking spaces results in a fractional number, the fraction of 1/4 or more shall be counted as one.
(e) 
In any case, at a minimum, all uses shall provide sufficient parking to accommodate all parking of employees during the largest shift.
(2) 
Conditional reduction in off-street parking areas.
(a) 
Intent. The Township recognizes:
[1] 
The importance of providing adequate, well-designed off-street parking areas.
[2] 
The need to limit the amount of paved parking areas to preserve open space and limit stormwater runoff.
[3] 
That unique circumstances associated with a land use may justify a reduction in the parking requirements of Subsection A(1).
(b) 
The Board of Supervisors may in its discretion permit a reduction, during the subdivision and land development review process, of the number of parking spaces to be initially developed as required by Subsection A(1) of this section, provided that each of the following conditions are satisfied:
[Amended 11-1-1999 by Ord. No. 129-G-99]
[1] 
The applicant shall demonstrate to the Board of Supervisors, using existing and projected (five years) employment, customer or other relevant data, that a reduction in the off-street parking spaces to be initially developed as required by Subsection A(1) is warranted.
[2] 
Plan submission.
[a] 
The applicant shall submit plans of the parking lot(s) which designate a layout for the total number of parking spaces needed to comply with the parking requirement in Subsection A(1).
[b] 
The plans shall clearly designate which of these parking spaces are proposed for immediate use and which spaces are proposed to be conditionally reserved for potential future use.
[c] 
The portion of the required parking spaces conditionally reserved for potential future use shall not be within areas for required buffer yards, setbacks or areas which would otherwise be unsuitable for parking spaces due to the physical characteristics of the land or other requirements of this chapter.
Minimum Off-Street Parking Requirements
[Amended 5-5-1999 by Ord. No. 129C-1999; 9-7-1999 by Ord. No. 129-F-99; 4-12-2005 by Ord. No. 129-B-05; 4-18-2006 by Ord. No. 129-B-06; 3-17-2009 by Ord. No. 129-E-09; 6-7-2011 by Ord. No. 129-F-11; 7-11-2017 by Ord. No. 129-B-2017]
Use
Minimum Off- Street Parking Spaces
Plus the Following Minimum Off-Street Parking Spaces
A.   Agricultural uses
1.
Agriculture
1 per employee
----
2.
Animal hospital/veterinarian
1 per employee
4 spaces per doctor
3.
Animal husbandry
1 per employee
----
4.
Greenhouse/nursery
1 per employee
1 per 100 sq. ft.*
5.
Riding stable
1 per employee
1 per 4 animals of capacity
6.
Seasonal roadside
1 per employee produce stand
1 per 100 sq. ft.*
B.   Residential uses
1.
Dwelling unit (other than townhouses or apartments) with:
3 bedrooms or less
2 spaces per dwelling unit
----
4 bedrooms or more
3 spaces per dwelling unit
----
2.
Townhouses or apartments
2.5 spaces per dwelling unit
----
3.
Home occupation/home related business
1 per home occupation
1 per nonresident employee
4.
(Reserved)
5.
Rooming/guest house or boardinghouse and similar places
1 per dwelling unit
1 per rental unit plus space for each employee
6.
Life care development
Minimum of 0.75 space for each independent living unit, 0.25 for each intermediate care bed, 0.25 for each skilled care bed plus 1 space per employee on the shift of highest employment
C.   Public or private recreational uses
1.
Indoor recreation (bowling alley, membership club, theater, auditorium, library, community center)
1 per 45 sq. ft.*
1 per 2 employees on shift of highest employment
2.
Outdoor recreation (golf course, ballfield, stadium)
1 per 4 persons of total designed capacity
1 per 2 employees on shift of highest employment
3.
Health/exercise/tennis clubs
1 per 250 square feet of gross floor area
1 per 2 employees on shift of highest employment
D.   Institutional and educational uses
1.
Churches or other places of worship
1 per 40 inches of pew or bench or every 4 seats
1 per 2 employees on shift of highest employment
2.
Hospital/nursing home
1 per 2 beds/4 beds
1 per staff or visiting doctor plus 1 space for each 1 employee on shift of highest employment
3.
Medical or dental office; clinic
6 spaces per doctor
1 per employee
4.
Nursery/day-care center
1 per employee
1 per 12 students
5.
School
1 per faculty member and other full-time employee
1 per 2 classrooms and offices for an elementary, junior or middle school and 1 for every 10 students or projected building capacity for a senior high school
6.
Utility substation
1 per vehicle normally required to service such facility
----
7.
Cyber charter school
1 per employee
1 per 1 student for the maximum number of students on the property at any one time
8.
Cyber charter school campus
1 per employee
1 per every student of driving age
E.   Retail and commercial service uses
1.
Auto, gas/service/repair
3 per service bay
1 per employee
2.
Auto, recreational vehicle or boat sales
1 per 10 vehicles on display
1 per employee
3.
Banks, savings and loan, other financial institution
1 per 150 sq. ft.*
1 per employee
4.
Fast-food restaurant and food stand
1 per 30 sq. ft.*
1 per employee
5.
Funeral home
1 per 4 seats for patron use
1 per employee
6.
Hotel/motel
1 per rental unit
1 per employee
7.
Laundromat
1 per 3 washing or dry-cleaning machines
1 per employee
8.
Office
4 per 1,000 sq. ft. of gross floor area or 1 space per each employee on the largest shift,whichever is greater
1 space per company vehicle based at the facility, plus a minimum of 4 spaces per principal building for visitors
9.
Personal service business (barber shops, photo shops, appliance repair)
1 per 150 sq. ft.*
1 per employee
10.
Restaurant, standard
1 per 30 sq. ft.*
1 per employee
11.
Retail store, general merchandise store
1 per 150 sq. ft.*
1 per 2 employees
12.
Multiple principal use building
5 per 1,000 sq. ft. of gross floor area (not including loading and unloading space) or 1 space per each employee on largest shift, whichever is a larger number of spaces (except portions of buildings that are primarily offices shall be calculated based upon the office standard)
13.
Medical marijuana dispensary
1 per 150 sq. ft.
1 space per 2 employees
F.   Industrial, wholesale and warehousing uses
1.
Industrial, wholesale, warehousing uses
1 space per 1,000 sq. ft. of gross floor area or 1 space per employee on the largest shift, whichever is greater
1 space per company vehicle based at the facility, plus a minimum of 4 spaces per principal building for visitors
2.
Multiple Use Building
Calculate using the aggregate number of parking spaces required for each use in the building (i.e., for office use, warehouse use, etc.)
1 space per company vehicle based at the facility, plus a minimum of 4 spaces per principal building for visitors
3.
Medical marijuana grower/processor
1 space per 1,000 sq. ft. of gross floor area
1 space per employee
*Of all areas occupied by equipment, furnishings or inventory accessible to customers or patrons, but not including corridors, toilet rooms and other such accessory rooms as may be provided.
**Of all areas occupied by equipment, furnishings or inventory accessible to employees, but not including corridors, toilet rooms and other such accessory rooms as may be provided.
[d] 
Areas conditionally reserved for potential future use shall be attractively landscaped and remain in open space.
[3] 
The applicant shall enter into an agreement with the Township requiring the applicant to maintain each conditionally reserved area as attractively landscaped open space and convert some or all of the conditionally reserved area to additional off-street parking if at any time the Board of Supervisors finds (based upon the results of field investigations and recommendations of the Township Engineer) that additional parking is needed.
[Amended 3-7-2000 by Ord. No. 129-C-00]
B. 
General regulations applying to required off-street parking facilities.
(1) 
Existing parking. Structures and uses in existence prior to the effective date of this chapter shall not be subject to the requirements of this section, provided that the kind or extent of use is not changed and that any parking facility now serving such structures or uses shall not in the future be reduced to an amount less than that required by this chapter.
(2) 
Changes in use. Whenever a building or use [including those specified in Subsection B(1)] is changed or enlarged in floor area, number of employees, number of dwellings, seating capacity or otherwise to create a need, based upon the requirements of Subsection A for an increase of 10% or more in the number of existing parking spaces, the number of additional spaces to be provided shall be based upon the incremental change or enlargement so required.
(3) 
Continuing character of obligation.
(a) 
All required parking facilities shall be provided and maintained so long as the use which the facilities were designed to serve still exists.
(b) 
Off-street parking facilities shall not be reduced in total extent except when such reduction is in conformity with the requirements of this section in conjunction with a change in the nature of the use.
(4) 
Conflict with other uses. No parking area shall be used for any other use that interferes with its availability for the parking need it is required to serve.
(5) 
Location of parking spaces.
(a) 
Except as otherwise permitted by the Board of Supervisors pursuant to § 240-33B(8), required off-street parking spaces shall be on the same lot or premises with the principal use served except where this requirement cannot be met, in which case the parking shall be provided within 200 feet walking distance of the principal use.
[Amended 7-5-2005 by Ord. No. 129-G-05]
(b) 
No off-street parking shall be provided between a building setback line and a street right-of-way line with the following exceptions: parking may be permitted on a private driveway serving an individual dwelling unit; and parking shall be no closer than 60 feet to a street right-of-way line in the C-4 District.
(6) 
Joint use.
(a) 
Two or more uses may provide for required parking in a common parking lot. The total number of spaces in such lot shall be at least the sum of the spaces required for each use. The lot shall also be located within 300 feet walking distance of all of the principal uses that the common parking lot serves.
(b) 
A written agreement which assures the continued availability of such common parking areas shall be properly drawn and executed by the parties concerned, approved by the Township Solicitor as to legal sufficiency and filed with the application for the zoning permit.
(7) 
Handicapped parking.
(a) 
The handicapped parking spaces may be counted as part of the total number of spaces that Subsection A requires. Each space shall be clearly delineated on the parking surface. A sign should be posted at each space clearly labeling it as a space reserved for the physically handicapped.
(b) 
A ramp shall either be provided near the parking spaces to facilitate access to the building or use or a portion of the curb shall be lowered to ground level. Any ramp shall be constructed of concrete, bituminous or other approved material. It shall have a slope of no greater than 12 to 1 (8%) where a straight curb must be negotiated to gain access to the sidewalk or building approach or entry, and no greater than 20 to 1 (5%) where there is no curb, unless other federal or state standards apply.
(c) 
Number of spaces. Any lot including four or more off-street parking spaces shall include a minimum of one handicapped space. The following number of handicapped spaces shall be provided, unless a revised regulation is officially established under the Federal Americans With Disabilities Act:
Total Number of Required
Parking Spaces on the Lot
Required Minimum Number/Percent of
Handicapped Parking Spaces
4 to 25
1
26 to 50
2
51 to 75
3
76 to 100
4
101 to 150
5
151 to 200
6
201 to 300
7
301 to 400
8
401 to 500
9
501 to 1,000
2% of required number of spaces
1,001 or more
20 plus 1% of required number of spaces over 1,000
(d) 
Location. Handicapped parking spaces shall be located where they would result in the shortest reasonable accessible distance to a handicapped-accessible building entrance. Curb cuts shall be provided as needed to provide access from the handicapped spaces.
(e) 
Minimum size. Each required handicapped parking space shall be eight feet by 18 feet. In addition, each space shall be adjacent to a five-foot-wide access aisle. Such access aisle may be shared by two handicapped spaces by being placed between them. However, one out of every eight required handicapped parking spaces shall have an adjacent access aisle width of eight feet instead of five feet.
(f) 
Slope. Handicapped parking spaces shall be located in areas of less than 6% slope in any direction.
(8) 
Parking on a lot in an adjacent municipality. The Board of Supervisors may, in its sole discretion, permit all or a portion of the required off-street parking spaces to be located on a lot in an adjacent municipality, provided that each of the following conditions are satisfied:
[Added 7-5-2005 by Ord. No. 129-G-05]
(a) 
The lot where the proposed parking lot will be located must be adjacent to or across the street from the lot containing the principal use.
(b) 
The two lots must be held in common ownership or the applicant must demonstrate that they have an easement that ensures that the off-street parking will be available in perpetuity.
(c) 
The applicant shall submit a written narrative specifying how the people who utilize the proposed parking lot will be able to safely access the principal use.
(d) 
The applicant shall submit a plan of the proposed parking lot in the adjacent municipality.
(e) 
The applicant shall adhere to the East Goshen requirement concerning the number of parking spaces.
(f) 
The applicant shall be in compliance with the design standards of the adjacent municipality when designing the parking spaces on the lot within the adjacent municipality.
(g) 
The governing body of the adjacent municipality must approve the plan of the proposed parking lot.
C. 
Design standards for off-street parking facilities.
(1) 
Applicability. The design standards specified in this section shall be mandatory for all new off-street parking facilities with a capacity of three or more vehicles.
(2) 
General requirement. Parking facilities shall be designed so that their use shall not constitute a nuisance, hazard or unreasonable impediment to traffic. Parking areas shall be arranged and marked for orderly, safe movement. Each parking space shall be clearly delineated to indicate its location. No parking areas shall be designed to require or encourage parked vehicles to back into a public street in order to leave a parking space.
(3) 
Design and landscaping. No more than 10 parking spaces shall be located in a row that is unbroken by either an intersecting driveway or raised landscape planting island; provided, however, with respect to a parking lot located in the I-1, I-2 and BP Zoning Districts that was lawfully in existence on September 1, 2003, and is currently in compliance with all applicable Township ordinances and regulations, § 240-33C(11) may be used to add one additional parking space to the row of 10 such unbroken parking spaces by restriping of the existing parking spaces upon the Zoning Officer's issuance of a permit. No less than 5% of the off-street parking area shall be landscaped and be continually maintained. Planting along the perimeter of a parking area, whether for required screening or for general beautification, will not be considered part of the 5% parking area landscaping.
[Amended 10-7-2003 by Ord. No. 129-K-03]
(4) 
Grading, surface drainage. Except for areas that are landscaped and so maintained, all portions of required parking facilities, including driveways, shall be graded, surfaced with bituminous concrete or other equivalent material and drained to the satisfaction of the Township Engineer to the extent necessary to prevent dust, erosion or excessive water flow across streets or adjoining properties.
(5) 
Accessibility. Parking areas shall be designed so that each motor vehicle may proceed to and from the parking space provided for it without requiring any other motor vehicle to be moved.
(6) 
Entrance and exit drives.
(a) 
At least 40 feet shall be provided between access drives.
(b) 
The width of entrance and exit drives shall be a minimum of nine feet and maximum of 17 feet at the curbline for one-way use only, and a minimum of 18 feet and maximum of 28 feet at the curbline for two-way use, unless a different width is specifically approved by the PADOT for access onto a state road, or if the applicant proves to the satisfaction of the Zoning Officer that a wider access point is needed for access by large trucks. The Township shall review and approve the appropriate radius at each drive.
(c) 
If the entrance and exit drives serve as drives for both off-street parking and off-street loading, the widths of the drives shall comply with Subsection D(3).
(d) 
All lots shall provide sufficient stacking lanes and/or other areas on the lot to accommodate vehicles waiting to exit the lot, vehicles waiting at any drive-through facilities and vehicles that have entered the lot and are waiting to drive into a parking space, in a manner that will not cause traffic to back up onto a public street.
(7) 
Separated from street or sidewalk. Except where entrance and exit drives cross street lines, all parking areas for any purpose other than single-family residences shall be physically separated from any public street or sidewalk by a concrete curb and by a planting strip which shall be not less than 10 feet in depth. This ten-foot-wide planting strip shall be parallel to the street line and shall be measured from the street right-of-way line.
(8) 
Screening. Any parking or off-street loading area of five or more spaces which is not within a building and which abuts or is across a street from any lot in a residential district, shall be provided with a suitable fence, wall, raised berm or evergreen planting at least four feet in height, designed to screen visibility and headlight glare from such residential lot.
(9) 
Nighttime illumination. Parking areas shall be adequately illuminated if designed for use by more than three cars after dusk. See glare provisions in § 240-24.
(10) 
Parking space area dimensions. The minimum dimensions of parking stalls, aisles and through drives with parking shall be as follows:
Parking Space:
Drive or Aisle Width:
Angle of
Parking
Width
(feet)
Depth
(feet)
One-Way
(feet)
Two-Way
(feet)
90º
10
20*
22
24
60º
10
21*
18
22